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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327095/interferon-signaling-in-ascites-associated-macrophages-is-linked-to-a-favorable-clinical-outcome-in-a-subgroup-of-ovarian-carcinoma-patients
#1
Till Adhikary, Annika Wortmann, Florian Finkernagel, Sonja Lieber, Andrea Nist, Thorsten Stiewe, Uwe Wagner, Sabine Müller-Brüsselbach, Silke Reinartz, Rolf Müller
BACKGROUND: Although tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are essential for cancer progression, connections between different clinical outcomes and transcriptional networks have not been reported. We have addressed this issue by analyzing global expression patterns of TAMs isolated from the ascites of ovarian cancer patients. RESULTS: TAMs isolated from different ovarian cancer patients can be stratified by coexpression or principal component analysis into subgroups with specific biological features and associated with distinct clinical outcomes...
March 21, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277230/computed-tomography-findings-associated-with-the-risk-for-emergency-ventral-hernia-repair
#2
Krislynn M Mueck, Julie L Holihan, Jiandi Mo, Juan R Flores-Gonzales, Tien C Ko, Lillian S Kao, Mike K Liang
BACKGROUND: Conventional wisdom teaches that small hernia defects are more likely to incarcerate. We aim to identify radiographic features of ventral hernias associated with increased risk of bowel incarceration. METHODS: We assessed all patients who underwent emergent ventral hernia repair for bowel complications from 2009 to 2015. Cases were matched 1:3 with elective controls. Computed tomography scans were reviewed to determine hernia characteristics. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to identify variables associated with emergent surgery...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255490/plasmacytoid-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-urinary-bladder-metastatic-to-the-duodenum-a-case-report-diagnostic-relevance-of-gata3-immunohistochemistry
#3
Hermann Brustmann
Plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma (PUC) of the urinary bladder is a rare and aggressive subtype of urothelial carcinoma. Its deceptive morphology is characterized by a discohesive growth of cells with plasmacytoid morphology. Since this tumor might be confused with plasmacytoma, lymphoma, or carcinoma variants, appropriate diagnosis in small biopsy samples could be challenging. This study reports the case of a 53-year-old man who presented with frequent nocturnal urgency, without hematuria. A transurethral bladder and a prostate resection specimen displayed infiltration of neoplastic cells in a spray-like discohesive pattern with occasional formation of small irregular nests and cord-like arrangements...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243010/a-rare-case-of-acute-primary-omental-infarction
#4
Xiao-Wen Sun, Bin Luo, Hong-Wei Lin
Primary omental infarction (POI) is a rare cause of acute abdomen. Most patients have aggravating abdominal pain without gastrointestinal symptoms. Here, we report a case of omental infarction in a 50-year-old woman, who had left abdominal pain and intestinal obstruction. Preoperative computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed a left ovarian cyst measuring 6.0 cm × 4.5 cm but otherwise seemed normal initially. The white blood cell count was 9.71 × 10(9)/L, and D-dimer was 1.58 mg/L. Laparoscopic exploration was performed 1 day after admission because of peritonitis and intestinal obstruction...
January 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228146/body-mass-index-bmi-may-be-a-prognostic-factor-for-gastric-cancer-with-peritoneal-dissemination
#5
Shi Chen, Run-Cong Nie, Li-Ying OuYang, Yuan-Fang Li, Jun Xiang, Zhi-Wei Zhou, YingBo Chen, JunSheng Peng
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate whether body mass index (BMI) is a prognostic factor in gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination. METHODS: This is a retrospective study consisting of 518 patients with a histological diagnosis of gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination seen at the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University and Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2010 and April 2014. Patients were followed until December 2015...
February 23, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219365/exploration-of-anti-cancer-effects-and-mechanisms-of-zuo-jin-wan-and-its-alkaloid-components-in-vitro-and-in-orthotopic-hepg2-xenograft-immunocompetent-mice
#6
Shun-Ting Chou, Chien-Yun Hsiang, Hsin-Yi Lo, Hui-Fen Huang, Ming-Tsung Lai, Ching-Liang Hsieh, Su-Yin Chiang, Tin-Yun Ho
BACKGROUND: Zuo-Jin-Wan (ZJW), a two-herb formula consisting of Coptis chinensis (CC) and Evodia rutaecarpa (ER), is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cancers. However, the efficacies and mechanisms of ZJW and its alkaloid components on cancers are still unclear. METHODS: Here we investigated the anti-cancer effects and mechanisms of ZJW, CC, ER, berberine, and evodiamine in cells and in intrahepatic xenograft mice. RESULTS: Treatment of HepG2 cells with ZJW, CC, ER, berberine, and evodiamine significantly displayed cytotoxic effects in a dose- and time-dependent manner...
February 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191357/metastatic-invasive-lobular-breast-cancer-presenting-clinically-with-esophageal-dysphagia
#7
Lilit Karapetyan, Heather Laird-Fick, Reuben Cuison
Background. Intra-abdominal metastases of invasive lobular breast cancer (ILBC) may be insidious. We report a case of metastatic ILBC that presented with dysphagia within weeks of a negative mammogram and before the development of intra-abdominal symptoms. Case. A 70-year-old female developed esophageal dysphagia. She underwent EGD which showed a short segment of stricture of the distal esophagus without significant mucosal changes. Biopsy was unremarkable and patient underwent lower esophageal sphincter (LES) dilation...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183278/a-rare-case-of-renal-thrombotic-microangiopathy-associated-with-castleman-s-disease
#8
Anubha Mutneja, L Nicholas Cossey, Helen Liapis, Ying Maggie Chen
BACKGROUND: Castleman's disease (CD) is an uncommon, heterogeneous lympho-proliferative disorder leading to high circulating levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Renal involvement has been only described in a limited number of small studies. Herein, we report a rare case of renal thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) associated with CD and investigate the podocyte expression of VEGF in the renal biopsy prior to initiation of treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: An 18-year-old male presented with fever, diarrhea, diffuse lymphadenopathy, ascites and acute kidney injury...
February 10, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174387/-a-case-of-heterochronic-ovarian-metastasis-from-sigmoid-colon-cancer-after-sigmoidectomy-treated-with-capeox-that-included-bevacizumab
#9
Reiko Ono, Norihito Ise, Hiroshi Yoshioka, Wataru Iwasaki, Kimihiko Sato, Makoto Niwa
The patient was a 41-year-old woman. When she was 39 years old, she had undergone laparoscopic high anterior resection for sigmoid colon cancer without adjuvant chemotherapy. Histologically, the surgical specimen was type 2, tub2, pT4a (SE), pN0, int, INF b, ly1, v1, and pStage II. Nine months after the operation, she suffered from abdominal fullness. Laborato- rydata showed elevation of tumor markers: the CEA level was 6.48 ng/mL, the CA19-9 level was 89.70 U/mL, and the CA125 level was 662 U/mL. Computed tomographyrevealed bilateral ovarian tumors and lung and peritoneal nodules with massive ascites...
January 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155576/diagnosis-of-pseudomyxoma-peritonei-via-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Umar Darr, Anas Renno, Turki Alkully, Zubair Khan, Abhinav Tiwari, Waleed Zeb, Jenna Purdy, Ali Nawras
INTRODUCTION: Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare condition caused by mucinous adenocarcinoma cancerous cells that produce abundance of mucin or gelatinous ascites. This cancer can cause tissue fibrosis and can impair normal organ function. Diagnosis can involve multiple imaging modalities including CT scan. There have been few cases of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) being used as a means for diagnosis of this condition. Here we report a second case of PMP with a previous history of appendectomy diagnosed with EUS guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107044/quercetin-attenuates-cell-survival-inflammation-and-angiogenesis-via-modulation-of-akt-signaling-in-murine-t-cell-lymphoma
#11
Akhilendra Kumar Maurya, Manjula Vinayak
AKT signaling is important to maintaining normal physiology. Hyperactivation of AKT signaling is frequent in cancer, which maintains a high oxidative state in a tumor microenvironment that is needed for tumor adaptation. Therefore, antioxidants are proposed to exhibit anticancer properties by interfering with the tumor microenvironment. Quercetin is an ubiquitous bioactive antioxidant rich in vegetables and beverages. The present study aimed to analyze cancer preventive property of quercetin in ascite cells of Dalton's lymphoma-bearing mice...
April 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090224/computerized-tomography-guided-paracentesis-an-effective-alternative-to-bedside-paracentesis
#12
Vinaya Gaduputi, Hassan Tariq, Chaitanya Chandrala, Sailaja Sakam, Naeem Abbas, Sridhar Chilimuri
BACKGROUND: Ascites remains the most common cause of hospitalization among patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Paracentesis is a relatively safe procedure with low complication rates. Computerized tomography (CT)-guided therapeutic paracentesis could be a safe and effective alternative to unaided or aided (ultrasonogram-guided) bedside paracentesis. In this retrospective study, we aimed to compare the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of CT-guided paracentesis with bedside paracentesis...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070170/the-prognostic-role-of-the-cancer-stem-cell-marker-cd44-in-ovarian-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#13
Jiaying Lin, Ding Ding
BACKGROUND: CD44 has recently been reported as a cancer stem cell marker in ovarian cancer. However, the clinicopathological and prognostic value of this marker in ovarian cancer remains controversial; Here, we aimed to investigate the correlation between CD44 expression and the clinicopathological features or survival of ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: An extensive literature search in the PubMed, EMBASE, and Wanfang databases (up to June 1, 2016) was conducted to identify studies that assessed the clinical or prognostic significance of CD44 expression in ovarian cancer...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057913/humoral-hypercalcemia-in-uterine-cancers-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Vijeyaluxmy Motilal Nehru, Gwenalyn Garcia, Juan Ding, Fanyi Kong, Qun Dai
BACKGROUND Paraneoplastic hypercalcemia is a well-described complication associated with a variety of malignancies. However, its incidence in gynecological malignancies is low. CASE REPORT A 53-year-old woman presented with progressive abdominal distention and irregular vaginal bleeding of several weeks' duration. A contrast CT abdomen and pelvis was significant for a mass in the lower uterine/cervical region, multiple peritoneal and omental masses, enlarged pelvic and paraaortic lymph nodes, and large-volume ascites...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052696/interactive-effects-of-temperature-and-dietary-supplementation-of-arginine-or-guanidinoacetic-acid-on-nutritional-and-physiological-responses-in-male-broiler-chickens
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
N Kodambashi Emami, A Golian, D D Rhoads, M Danesh Mesgaran
1. The aim of this experiment was to study the interactive effect of rearing temperature and dietary supplementation of arginine (Arg) or guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) on performance, gut morphology and ascites indices in broiler chickens raised under the same condition in the first 2 weeks and then reared under normal (23-26°C) or subnormal (17°C) ambient temperatures for the next 3 weeks. 2. This experiment was conducted as a split plot with 900 Ross 308 male broiler chicks that were allocated to two houses (as main plots); each consisted of 5 treatments (as sub-plots) with 6 replicates of 15 birds...
February 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050796/anastomosing-hemangioma-of-the-ovary-a-clinicopathological-study-of-six-cases-with-stromal-luteinization
#16
Pavel Dundr, Kristýna Němejcová, Jan Laco, Helena Skálová, Lenka Bauerová, Radoslav Matěj, Daniela Fischerová
We report six cases of anastomosing hemangioma of the ovary. All lesions were unilateral and arose in 43 to 81 year old females. In all but one patient, the tumor was asymptomatic and represented incidental finding. The exception was a tumor associated with massive ascites and elevated CA 125. The tumors were, on cut section, spongy and dark violet in color. The size of tumors ranged from 0.5 to 3.5 cm. All lesions showed the same histological features and consisted of capillary sized anastomosing vessels with sinusoid-like pattern intermingled with sporadic medium sized vessels...
January 3, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029208/pulmonary-and-tricuspid-valvuloplasty-in-carcinoid-heart-disease
#17
Ashkan Karimi, Negiin Pourafshar, James C Fudge
A 26-year-old female with carcinoid heart disease consisting of severe pulmonary and tricuspid valve stenosis was admitted with line associated sepsis. She recovered from sepsis with antibiotics and aggressive fluid resuscitation but became grossly volume overloaded with evidence of tense ascites and lower extremity edema. She developed worsening renal and hepatic function due to congestive nephropathy and hepatopathy, which did not respond to intravenous diuretics, and she was deemed too sick for surgical pulmonary and tricuspid valve replacement...
December 28, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008196/clinical-characteristics-of-primary-peritoneal-carcinoma-patients-a-single-institution-experience-involving-8-patients
#18
Satomi Hattori, Hiroaki Kajiyama, Utako Fuji, Yuko Furui, Yuki Ishibashi, Yuka Hattori, Noriko Takahashi, Fumitaka Kikkawa, Toshiya Misawa
Primary peritoneal carcinoma (PPC) is treated similarly to advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma (aEOC); however, the standard approach for the management of PPC is controversial. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and prognosis of those patients. A retrospective analysis was performed of eight patients with PPC between January 2008 and December 2015. Clinicopathologic parameters, the diagnostic modality, treatment, and oncologic outcome were analyzed. The median age at the time of diagnosis was 72...
December 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900284/effect-of-pantethine-on-ovarian-tumor-progression-and-choline-metabolism
#19
Marie-France Penet, Balaji Krishnamachary, Flonne Wildes, Yelena Mironchik, Delia Mezzanzanica, Franca Podo, Max de Reggi, Bouchra Gharib, Zaver M Bhujwalla
Epithelial ovarian cancer remains the leading cause of death from gynecologic malignancy among women in developed countries. New therapeutic strategies evaluated with relevant preclinical models are urgently needed to improve survival rates. Here, we have assessed the effect of pantethine on tumor growth and metabolism using magnetic resonance imaging and high-resolution proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in a model of ovarian cancer. To evaluate treatment strategies, it is important to use models that closely mimic tumor growth in humans...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890095/an-unexpected-death-due-to-massive-ascites-and-a-giant-mucinous-ovarian-cystadenoma
#20
Masayuki Kashiwagi, Mio Takayama, Tomoko Sugimura, Aya Matsusue, Kenji Hara, Brian Waters, Shin-Ichi Kubo
A female in her thirties fell face down in her room. She was motionless when her sister found her. She was transported to the hospital by ambulance and was in a state of cardiopulmonary arrest on admission. She did not respond to resuscitation. Her abdomen had started to swell 3years before her death. An autopsy was performed to clarify the decedent's cause of death. She was 172cm tall and weighed 146kg. Her maximum abdominal girth was 172.1cm. A subcutaneous hemorrhage measuring 4.5cm in diameter was observed in the epigastric region...
November 2016: Legal Medicine
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