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Berberin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818460/the-design-and-synthesis-of-a-novel-compound-of-berberine-and-baicalein-that-inhibits-the-efficacy-of-lipid-accumulation-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#1
Mengjiao Hao, Zhuoji Guan, Yan Li, Lixian Liu, Xiao Yuan, Ying Gao, Weimin Li
The combination of berberine and baicalein may have a better therapeutic effect against disease. To explore the combined effect of baicalein and berberine in the treatment of obesity, we designed and synthesized a hybrid compound, and its biological activities were evaluated in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The structures of the berberine-baicalein (BBS) compounds were confirmed by (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, ultraviolet spectroscopy and high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). The present study showed that the IC50 values of the inhibitory effects of baicalein, berberine and BBS against 3T3-L1 cells were 29...
August 9, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810524/pioglitazone-induced-bone-loss-in-diabetic-rats-and-its-amelioration-by-berberine-a-portrait-of-molecular-crosstalk
#2
Mohammad Adil, Mohd Nizam Mansoori, Divya Singh, Amit Dattatraya Kandhare, Manju Sharma
Diabetes mellitus and osteoporosis both are high prevalence disorders, especially in the elderly population. Pioglitazone, a PPAR-γ agonist associated with bone loss and risk of fracture in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. In this study, ameliorative effect of berberine against pioglitazone-induced bone loss in diabetic rats and possible mechanisms has been explored. Diabetes was induced in male Wistar albino rats by streptozotocin (65 mg/kg, i.v.) after 15min of nicotinamide (230mg/kg, i.p.) administration...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807157/antiinflammatory-and-hepatoprotective-medicinal-herbs-as-potential-substitutes-for-bear-bile
#3
Sandra Appiah, Mike Revitt, Huw Jones, Milan Vu, Monique Simmonds, Celia Bell
Practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) commonly prescribe medicinal formulations relying on the purported synergism of a combination of plant species, sometimes incorporating animal parts and minerals. Bear bile, obtained from either wild or farmed bears, is a commonly used constituent of traditional medicine formulations. With several bear species now listed under Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora as threatened with extinction and with bear farming being actively campaigned against on ethical grounds, it is important to seek and promote alternatives to the use of bear bile as medicine...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800398/a-13-week-randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-low-glycemic-load-diet-and-lifestyle-modification-program-combining-low-glycemic-load-protein-shakes-and-targeted-nutraceuticals-improved-weight-loss-and-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-over-a-low-glycemic-load-diet-alone
#4
Clinton J Dahlberg, Joseph J Ou, John G Babish, Joseph J Lamb, Sarah Eliason, Holly Brabazon, Wei Gao, Mohan R Kaadige, Matthew L Tripp
An open label, randomized, exploratory study comprising 44 healthy, overweight subjects with cardio-metabolic syndrome (CMS) risk factors was conducted to assess the safety, tolerability and efficacy of a proprietary lifestyle modification program without (DIET) and with (PROG) targeted nutraceutical supplementation including soy, pea and whey proteins, phytosterols, antioxidants, probiotics, fish oil and berberine over 13-weeks. Key metrics were recorded at baseline, weeks 9 and 13. For DIET and PROG compliance was 85% and 86%, respectively, with no adverse events related to the diet or supplements...
August 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797013/effects-of-berberine-on-acute-necrotizing-pancreatitis-and-associated-lung-injury
#5
Sun-Bok Choi, Gi-Sang Bae, Il-Joo Jo, Ho-Joon Song, Sung-Joo Park
OBJECTIVES: We set out to examine whether berberine (BBR) might affect the severity of pancreatitis and pancreatitis-associated lung injury in choline-deficient ethionine-supplemented (CDE) diet-induced severe acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Severe acute pancreatitis was induced by feeding a CDE diet for 3 days. Berberine was administered intraperitoneally during CDE diet. Mice were killed on days 1, 2, and 3 after the onset of CDE diet. The severity of pancreatitis was assessed by evaluating changes to the pancreas and lung and survival rate...
September 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796053/berberine-containing-quadruple-therapy-for-initial-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-an-open-label-randomized-phase-iv-trial
#6
Di Zhang, Li Ke, Zhen Ni, Yu Chen, Lin-Hui Zhang, Shao-Hua Zhu, Chan-Juan Li, Lei Shang, Jie Liang, Yong-Quan Shi
BACKGROUND: Due to increasing antimicrobial resistance, a bismuth-based quadruple regimen has been recommended as an alternative first-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) eradication. However, different results are varied greatly and the availability of bismuth was limited in some countries. We assessed the efficacy and safety of 14-day berberine-containing quadruple therapy as an alternative regimen for H pylori eradication. METHODS: In a randomized, open-label, non-inferiority, phase IV trial between November 25, 2014, and October 15, 2015, 612 treatment-naive patients were randomly assigned to 14-day berberine-containing (n = 308) or 14-day bismuth-containing (n = 304) quadruple therapy...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792254/variability-in-potency-among-commercial-preparations-of-berberine
#7
Ryan S Funk, Rakesh K Singh, Robert D Winefield, Sylvie E Kandel, Janelle F Ruisinger, Patrick M Moriarty, James M Backes
Berberine is an isoquinoline alkaloid plant extract that is widely available as a dietary supplement in the United States and has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. Because of its increased use and purported pharmacological properties, potential variations in product quality could pose a barrier to berberine's safety and effectiveness in clinical practice. Thus, this study evaluated the potency of dietary supplements containing berberine available in the U.S...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783583/influence-of-quercetin-naringenin-and-berberine-on-glucose-transporters-and-insulin-signalling-molecules-in-brain-of-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#8
Sandeep M S, Nandini C D
Quercetin, naringenin, and berberine are plant bioactives that can cross the blood-brain barrier and offer neuroprotection. In the present study, we looked into the effect of them on expression of various glucose transporters and key components of brain insulin signalling, namely, insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS 1), phosphatidyl inositol 3 kinase (PI3K), Akt 1 and low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) in brain of control, diabetic and bioactive-treated rats by Western blot. Amongst the bioactives tested, quercetin was more potent and restored LRP1 and brain insulin signalling components as well as glucose transporters such as GLUTs 1, 2, 3 and 4 in diabetic animals...
August 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782427/berberine-improves-diabetic-encephalopathy-through-sirt1-er-stress-pathway-in-db-db-mice
#9
Hong-Ying Li, Xin-Chen Wang, Yu-Min Xu, Na-Chuan Luo, Si Luo, Xu-Yi Hao, Shu-Yi Cheng, Jian-Song Fang, Qi Wang, Shi-Jie Zhang, Yun-Bo Chen
The association between diabetes and dementia has been well-demonstrated by epidemiologic studies. Berberine (BBR) has been reported to ameliorate diabetes and diabetic encephalopathy (DE). However, the mechanism is still unknown. In this study, we employ a diabetic model, db/db mice, to explore whether BBR could protect DE through SIRT1/endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathway. The behavioral results (Morris water maze, Y-maze spontaneous alternation test and fearing condition test) showed that oral administration of BBR (50 mg/kg) improved the learning and memory ability...
August 7, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781026/comparison-of-low-dose-statin-versus-low-dose-statin%C3%A2-%C3%A2-armolipid-plus-in-high-intensity-statin-intolerant-patients-with-a-previous-coronary-event-and-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-adherence-trial
#10
Giuseppe Marazzi, Giuseppe Campolongo, Francesco Pelliccia, Silvia Quattrino, Cristiana Vitale, Luca Cacciotti, Rosalba Massaro, Maurizio Volterrani, Giuseppe Rosano
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reduction is associated with a significant decrease in mortality, and statins represent the most effective drugs to achieve this. However, side effects of statins are very common and may lead to treatment discontinuation. Nutraceuticals are a combination of natural components that have shown efficacy in lowering LDL-C concentration when used alone or in association with other agents in patients who are intolerant to high-dose statins. Our aim was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of low-dose statin (LDS) therapy versus combined therapy of LDS plus a nutraceutical combination containing red yeast rice, policosanol, berberine, folic acid, coenzyme Q10 and astaxanthin (Armolipid Plus) in high-risk patients...
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780486/rapid-and-simultaneous-analysis-of-five-alkaloids-in-four-parts-of-coptidis-rhizoma-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#11
Xue Jintao, Liu Yufei, Ye Liming, Li Chunyan, Yang Quanwei, Wang Weiying, Jing Yun, Zhang Minxiang, Li Peng
Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) was first used to develop a method for rapid and simultaneous determination of 5 active alkaloids (berberine, coptisine, palmatine, epiberberine and jatrorrhizine) in 4 parts (rhizome, fibrous root, stem and leaf) of Coptidis Rhizoma. A total of 100 samples from 4 main places of origin were collected and studied. With HPLC analysis values as calibration reference, the quantitative analysis of 5 marker components was performed by two different modeling methods, partial least-squares (PLS) regression as linear regression and artificial neural networks (ANN) as non-linear regression...
July 29, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780326/downregulation-of-inflammatory-cytokines-by-berberine-attenuates-riemerella-anatipestifer-infection-in-ducks
#12
Cherry P Fernandez, Fahmida Afrin, Rochelle A Flores, Woo H Kim, Jipseol Jeong, Suk Kim, Hong H Chang, Hyun S Lillehoj, Wongi Min
Riemerella anatipestifer, an important infectious bacterium affecting the duck industry, has 5-75% mortality, depending on strain virulence. We previously demonstrated that proinflammatory cytokines are involved in inflammation during, and regulating susceptibility to, R. anatipestifer infection. We investigated the effects of the anti-inflammatory compound berberine in duck splenic lymphocytes stimulated with killed R. anatipestifer, and in R. anatipestifer-infected ducks. IL-17A, IL-17F, and IL-1β transcripts were downregulated, and IFN-γ and IL-10 transcripts enhanced, in berberine-treated stimulated splenic lymphocytes, compared to stimulated untreated splenic lymphocytes...
August 2, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774853/anti-alzheimer-s-potential-of-berberine-using-surface-decorated-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-a-preclinical-evidence
#13
Shikha Lohan, Kaisar Raza, S K Mehta, Gurjit Kaur Bhatti, Sumant Saini, Bhupinder Singh
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), a sub-family of fullerenes, are nanosized seamless cylinders of graphene sheets with enormous drug loading potential. The current studies entail the systematic development of berberine (BRB)-loaded multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with polysorbate and phospholipid coating for effective management of Alzheimer's Disease (AD). For systematic optimization using design of experiment (DoE), a central composite design (FCCD) was employed and the optimized formulation was choosen using numerical desirability function...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763751/berberine-ameliorates-methotrexate-induced-liver-injury-by-activating-nrf2-ho-1-pathway-and-ppar%C3%AE-and-suppressing-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-in-rats
#14
Ayman M Mahmoud, Walaa G Hozayen, Shimaa M Ramadan
Berberine (BBR) is a natural isoquinoline alkaloid with very impressive health benefits. It is one of the most effective natural supplements available; however, its ameliorative mechanism against methotrexate (MTX)-induced liver injury is not well defined. This study investigated the protective effect of BBR against MTX hepatotoxicity, focusing on its ability to attenuate oxidative stress and apoptosis and to activate nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARγ)...
July 29, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763460/inhibitory-effects-and-mechanism-of-dihydroberberine-on-herg-channels-expressed-in-hek293-cells
#15
Dahai Yu, Lin Lv, Li Fang, Bo Zhang, Junnan Wang, Ge Zhan, Lei Zhao, Xin Zhao, Baoxin Li
The human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) potassium channel conducts rapid delayed rectifier potassium currents (IKr) and contributes to phase III cardiac action potential repolarization. Drugs inhibit hERG channels by binding to aromatic residues in hERG helixes. Berberine (BBR) has multiple actions, and its hydrogenated derivative dihydroberberine (DHB) is a potential candidate for developing new drugs. Previous studies have demonstrated that BBR blocks hERG channels and prolongs action potential duration (APD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761559/toxicity-and-apoptosis-related-effects-of-benzimidazo-3-2-%C3%AE-quinolinium-salts-upon-human-lymphoma-cells
#16
Christian Vélez, Jessica Soto, Karoline Ríos, Luz Silva, Wigberto Hernandez, Luis A Rivera, Ana I Ortiz-Colón, Osvaldo Cox, Beatriz Zayas
OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluates novel cationic quinoline derivatives known as benzimidazo[3,2-a]quinolinium salts (BQS) named NBQ-48 and ABQ-48 that have structural similarities to known anti-cancer substances such as ellipticine and berberine. METHODS: Toledo human lymphoma (ATCC CRL2631) cells were treated for 24 to 48 hours. Apoptosis related endpoints such as cell cycle arrest, mitochondrial damage, RNS and ROS generation and the activity of several apoptosis related proteins such as caspases and apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) were studied using fluorescence staining and western blot respectively...
2017: Open Medicinal Chemistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760703/berberine-induced-cardioprotection-and-sirt3-modulation-in-doxorubicin-treated-h9c2-cardiomyoblasts
#17
Ana R Coelho, Tatiana R Martins, Renata Couto, Cláudia Deus, Cláudia V Pereira, Rui F Simões, Albert A Rizvanov, Filomena Silva, Teresa Cunha-Oliveira, Paulo J Oliveira, Teresa L Serafim
Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the most widely used anti-neoplastic agents. However, treatment with DOX is associated with cumulative cardiotoxicity inducing progressive cardiomyocyte death. Sirtuin 3 (Sirt3), a mitochondrial deacetylase, regulates the activity of proteins involved in apoptosis, autophagy and metabolism. Our hypothesis is that pharmacological modulation by berberine (BER) pre-conditioning of Sirt3 protein levels decreases DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. Our results showed that DOX induces cell death in all experimental groups...
July 28, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759012/berberine-inhibits-colitis-associated-tumorigenesis-via-suppressing-inflammatory-responses-and-the-consequent-egfr-signaling-involved-tumor-cell-growth
#18
Dandan Li, Youyu Zhang, Kun Liu, Yujie Zhao, Beibei Xu, Liang Xu, Li Tan, Yuan Tian, Cunxi Li, Wenqing Zhang, Hanwei Cao, Yan-Yan Zhan, Tianhui Hu
The anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects of berberine, a traditional Chinese medicine, were separately discovered in pathological intestinal tissues. However, whether the anti-inflammatory effect of berberine contributes to its anti-tumor effect on colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CACRC) remains unknown. In the present study, we found that berberine effectively inhibited colitis-associated tumorigenesis and colonic epithelium hyperproliferation in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-treated Apc(Min/+) mice...
July 31, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757189/natural-products-with-anti-inflammatory-and-immunomodulatory-activities-against-autoimmune-myocarditis
#19
REVIEW
Behjat Javadi, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease of the myocardium associated with immune dysfunction which may frequently lead to the development of dilated cardiomyopathy. Experimental autoimmune myocarditis is an animal model which mimics myocarditis in order to allow assessment of the therapeutic effects of different molecules on this disease. We aimed to review the inflammatory and immunological mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of the myocarditis and finding natural products and phytochemicals with anti-myocarditis activities based on studies of cardiac myosin-induced experimental autoimmune myocarditis in rodents...
July 27, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756356/comparative-pharmacokinetics-of-six-major-bioactive-components-in-normal-and-type-2-diabetic-rats-after-oral-administration-of-sanhuang-xiexin-decoction-extracts-by-uplc-tq-ms-ms
#20
Xiao-Yan Wei, Jin-Hua Tao, Xiang Cui, Shu Jiang, Da-Wei Qian, Jin-Ao Duan
A rapid, sensitive, and selective UPLC-TQ-MS/MS method was established and validated for the determination and pharmacokinetic investigation of rhein, coptisine, berberine, palmatine, baicalin and wogonoside from Sanhuang Xiexin Decoction (SXD) extracts. A Waters BEH C18 UPLC column was used with the mobile phases of Acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid-water. The lower limits of quantification (LLOQ) for rhein, coptisine, berberine, palmatine, baicalin and wogonoside were 24.16, 0.72, 0.68, 0.53, 18.07 and 28.56ng/mL, respectively...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
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