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post metastasis treatment

Stefano Francesco Crinò, Mirko D'Onofrio, Laura Bernardoni, Luca Frulloni, Michele Iannelli, Giuseppe Malleo, Salvatore Paiella, Alberto Larghi, Armando Gabbrielli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation (EUS-RFA) is a promising technique for the treatment of pancreatic neoplasm. We evaluated the feasibility, safety, and technical success of pancreatic EUS-RFA performed in a single center. METHODS: 9 consecutive patients (8 with pancreatic adenocarcinoma and 1 with renal cancer metastasis) were referred for EUS-RFA between November 2016 and July 2017. EUS-RFA was performed using 18-gauge internally cooled electrode with a 5 or 10 mm exposed tip...
March 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
Luciano Tarantino, Aurelio Nasto, Giuseppina Busto, Vincenzo Iovino, Raffaele Fristachi, Sara Bortone
Introduction: Solid pseudopapillary Carcinoma (SPC) is a rare pancreatic Tumor with variable, usually low, malignancy potential. Howewer, several SPC are associated with aggressive behavior, local vascular infiltration, organ invasion, distant metastasis, and can be unresectable. Irreversible Electroporation (IRE) is an emerging non-thermal ablation technique for the treatment of locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma. We report the results of four year disease-free follow-up in a case of locally advanced unresectable SPC treated with IRE...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Mitsuru Futakuchi, Takao Nitanda, Saeko Ando, Harutoshi Matsumoto, Eri Yoshimoto, Katsumi Fukamachi, Masumi Suzui
BACKGROUND: We examined the effects of recombinant human osteoclastogenesis inhibitory factor (hOCIF) on osteolysis, proliferation of mammary tumor cells, and induction of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in the tumor-bone and tumor-subcutaneous microenvironments (TB- and TS-microE). METHODS: Mouse mammary tumor cells were transplanted onto the calvaria or into a subcutaneous lesion of female mice, creating a TB-microE and a TS-microE, and the mice were then treated with hOCIF...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yunwu Wang, Yu Xu, Wei Yan, Ping Han, Jingmei Liu, Jin Gong, Dongxiao Li, Xiangming Ding, Han Wang, Zhuoying Lin, Dean Tian, Jiazhi Liao
Alternative polyadenylation (APA), a post-transcriptional modification, has been implicated in many diseases, but especially in tumor proliferation. CFIm25, the 25 kDa subunit of human cleavage factor Im (CFIm), is a key factor in APA. We show that CFIm25 expression is reduced in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and its expression correlates with metastasis. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that CFIm25 is related to overall survival in HCC. Moreover, CFIm25 expression is negatively related to the metastatic potential of HCC cell lines...
February 20, 2018: Oncotarget
Muhammad Shuja, Ayman A Elghazaly, Asif Iqbal, Reham Mohamed, Amal Marie, Mutahir A Tunio, Moamen M Aly, Ali Balbaid, Mushabbab Asiri
Introduction Bone metastasis (BM) is a major complication of many solid tumors like breast, prostate, lung and renal cancers. BM leads to serious sequelae of pain, fractures, spinal cord compression and hypercalcemia. Radiotherapy has an established role in relieving pain caused by BM. Worldwide different radiotherapy schedules are being used for BM. The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of single fraction palliative radiotherapy for painful bone metastases. Methods Between April 2014 and April 2017, single fraction radiotherapy was used to treat 73 patients in our institution...
January 8, 2018: Curēus
Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Gen Tsujio, Yuka Asano, Wataru Goto, Koji Takada, Katsuyuki Takahashi, Tamami Morisaki, Hisakazu Fujita, Tsutomu Takashima, Shuhei Tomita, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
BACKGROUND: Recently, the concepts of progression due to pre-existing lesions (PPL) and progression due to new metastasis (PNM) have been proposed to differentiate the progression types of treatment-resistant cancers. Previously, the differences between these two progression types did not affect the determination of treatment strategies since both PPL and PNM are classified as progressive disease based on the response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) diagnostic criteria. On the other hand, tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are effective when used as indicators for monitoring the immune tumor microenvironment (iTME) in the cancer host, and TILs play an important role as biomarkers in predicting prognosis and therapeutic effects...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Nayer Hosseinahli, Mahyar Aghapour, Pascal H G Duijf, Behzad Baradaran
microRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally by interfering with the translation of one or more target mRNAs. The unique miRNA sequences are involved in many physiological and pathological processes. Dysregulation of miRNAs contributes to the pathogenesis of all types of cancer. Notably, the diminished expression of tumor suppressor miRNAs, such as members of the Let-7 and miR-34 family, promotes tumor progression, invasion and metastasis. The past lustrum in particular, has witnessed substantial improvement of miRNA replacement therapy...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Nghi C Nguyen, Melissa K Yee, Abuzar M Tuchayi, John M Kirkwood, Hussein Tawbi, James M Mountz
Introduction: This pilot study aimed at exploring the utility of the proliferation tracer F-18 fluorothymidine (FLT) and positron-emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (FLT-PET/MRI) for early treatment monitoring in patients with melanoma brain metastasis (MBM) who undergo targeted therapy or immunotherapy. Material and Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed MBM underwent baseline and follow-up FLT-PET/MRI scans at 3-4 weeks of targeted therapy or immunotherapy...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
Kun Li, Jiwei Guo, Yan Wu, Dan Jin, Hong Jiang, Chengxia Liu, Chengyong Qin
Colon cancer is a commonly diagnosed cancer that often has a poor prognosis. Combined with the development of drug resistance to cancer treatment agents the treatment efficacy of colon cancer can be limited. Activation of the oncogene YAP has been shown to be related to colon cancer progression and is associated with poor prognosis, drug resistance and metastasis, even under treatment. Cisplatin (DDP) is a commonly used drug that can control carcinoma progression, although its mechanisms are poorly understood...
March 6, 2018: Oncology Reports
Cathal O'Leary, Megan Greally, John McCaffrey, Peter Hughes, Leo L P Lawler, Martin O'Connell, Tony Geoghegan, Cormac Farrelly
BACKGROUND: Liver metastases are the commonest cause of death for patients with colorectal cancer. Growing evidence supports the use of selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) in combination with conventional chemotherapy regimens for liver-only or liver-dominant unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer. AIMS: To measure and evaluate outcomes of the first 20 consecutive patients with unresectable colorectal liver metastasis selected for SIRT in addition to their chemotherapy at a single Irish institution...
March 6, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Haixia Zhang, Kuangpeng Liu, Zhixiao Xue, Huijuan Yin, Huajiang Dong, Wendong Jin, Xiafei Shi, Han Wang, Hai Wang
This study evaluated the effects and mechanism of action of combining irreversible electroporation (IRE) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) in breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo . Jin's formula was used to assess killing efficacy of different IRE+PDT dosing combinations in breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Flow cytometry, high-content imaging, and confocal laser scanning microscopy were used to detect apoptosis. qRT-PCR and western blotting were used to evaluate expression of apoptosis-related genes and proteins...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
I-Wei Chang, Kai-Wen Liu, Marlon Ragunanan, Hong-Lin He, Yow-Ling Shiue, Shou-Chun Yu
Background: Due to the varying characteristics and conflicting outcomes on the overall survival of rectal cancer patients, many studies have been undertaken to determine various prognostic and predictive factors for the mainstay treatment of CCRT followed by surgery. Cancer cell motility contributes to tumor invasion, migration and eventually metastasis. However, the genes associated with cell motility (i.e., GO:0048870) have not been systemically evaluated in rectal cancers. Methods: A comparative analysis of gene expression profiles was applied to the transcriptomic dataset (GSE35452) with a focus on genes associated with cell motility (GO:0048870), where SERPINB5 was recognized as the most significantly up-regulated gene...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Ruizeng Dong, Zewei Zhang, Yiming Zhou, Yonghong Hua, Jianmin Guo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the surgical treatment and prognosis of Borrmann type IIII( gastric cancer involving the whole stomach. METHODS: Clinicopathological characteristics and survival data of 223 patients with Borrmann type IIII( gastric cancer involving the whole stomach (defined as the tumor infiltrating 3 regions of the stomach) receiving surgical treatment at the Department of Abdominal Surgery of Zhejiang Cancer Hospital between January 2002 and December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Sukki Cho, Sungwon Yum, Kwhanmien Kim, Sanghoon Jheon
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic factors for post-recurrence survival (PRS) in patients with completely resected Stage III (N2) non-small-cell lung cancer. METHODS: A number of clinicopathological factors were evaluated to identify the prognostic factors for recurrence-free survival using Cox proportional hazards models in 245 patients who underwent complete resection of pathological Stage III (N2) non-small-cell lung cancer. Additional post-recurrence data were evaluated, including the presence of symptoms of recurrence, the recurrence pattern, the treatment modality and the recurrence-free interval (RFI)...
February 27, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Sarita Saraswati, Abdulqader A Alhaider, Abdelgalil M Abdelgadir
Costunolide is known to possess anti-inflammatory and antitumor activity, but its role in tumor angiogenesis, the key step involved in tumor growth and metastasis, and the involved molecular mechanism is still unknown. We aimed to investigate the effects of costunolide on key components of inflammatory angiogenesis in the murine cannulated sponge implant angiogenesis model. Polyester-polyurethane sponges, used as a framework for fibrovascular tissue growth, were implanted in Swiss albino mice and costunolide (5, 10 and 20 mg/kg/day) was administered for 14 days through installed cannula...
March 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Christophe Cassinotto, Alban Denys, Frédérique Gay, Rafael Duran, Arnaud Hocquelet, Lauranne Piron, Boris Guiu
PURPOSE: The "oven effect" theory assumes that radiofrequency ablation (RFA) would be more efficient on tumors of cirrhotic livers. The aim of the study was to compare the size and volume of the ablation zone following RFA on tumors of cirrhotic versus healthy livers. METHODS: One hundred and eleven patients who underwent RFA from 2011 to 2013 for the treatment of 140 liver tumors (83 hepatocellular carcinomas developed on a cirrhotic liver, i.e., "cirrhosis group," and 57 tumors developed on a healthy liver, mainly liver metastasis, i...
February 26, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Ilia Lozev, Sonya Ruseva, Ivan Pidakev, José Carlos Cardoso, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Ivan Terziev, Georgi Tchernev
Neoplasms of the major and minor salivary glands are morphologically and a clinically diverse group of neoplasms which lead the clinician to diagnostic and management challenges. This article aims to report a case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma in 83 - year - old woman who presented in the dermatology clinic with a tumour mass in the left auricular area. The patient complained of pain and abnormal bleeding of the mass. The lesion was examined, and surgical treatment was performed. A tumour was extirpated, and partial resection of both the parotid gland and the sternocleidomastoid muscle was done...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Jingjing Kang, Joe Y Chang, Xin Sun, Yu Men, Hongmei Zeng, Zhouguang Hui
Purpose: This meta-analysis was aimed to evaluate the role of postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (post-CCRT) for esophageal cancer patients after surgery. Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, PMC, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang databases. Studies which compared CCRT with non-CCRT treatment for esophageal cancer patients after surgery were eligible. Outcomes of interest were odds ratios (OR) for overall survival (OS), local-regional recurrence rate, distant metastasis rate and adverse-event rate...
2018: Journal of Cancer
Gwenaelle Gravis, Jean-Marie Boher, Yu-Hui Chen, Glenn Liu, Karim Fizazi, Michael A Carducci, Stephane Oudard, Florence Joly, David M Jarrard, Michel Soulie, Mario J Eisenberger, Muriel Habibian, Robert Dreicer, Jorge A Garcia, Maha H M Hussain, Manish Kohli, Nicholas J Vogelzang, Joel Picus, Robert DiPaola, Christopher Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Docetaxel (D) at the time of starting androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for metastatic castrate naive prostate cancer shows a clear survival benefit for patients with high-volume (HV) disease. It is unclear whether patients with low-volume (LV) disease benefit from early D. OBJECTIVE: To define the overall survival (OS) of aggregate data of patient subgroups from the CHAARTED and GETUG-AFU15 studies, defined by metastatic burden (HV and LV) and time of metastasis occurrence (at diagnosis or after prior local treatment [PRLT])...
February 20, 2018: European Urology
Manoj Kumar Kashyap, Omar Abdel-Rahman
Esophageal cancer is one of the most common types of cancer, which is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Based on histological behavior, it is mainly of two types (i) Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and (ii) esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAD or EAC). In astronomically immense majority of malignancies, receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) have been kenned to play a consequential role in cellular proliferation, migration, and metastasis of the cells. The post-translational modifications (PTMs) including phosphorylation of tyrosine (pY) residue of the tyrosine kinase (TK) domain have been exploited for treatment in different malignancies...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Cancer
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