keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peri operative

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155194/a-case-of-prenatally-diagnosed-wilms-tumor-managed-with-laparoscopic-nephrectomy
#1
Amir Toussi, Candace F Granberg, Patricio C Gargollo
We present a case of prenatally diagnosed Wilms' tumor, subsequent operative approach and management. The patient was referred to our institution with an abnormal prenatal renal ultrasound. CT scan after delivery showed a multifocal enhancing left renal mass. She underwent an uncomplicated left laparoscopic radical nephrectomy and retroperitoneal lymph node sampling using a novel hidden incision endoscopic surgery (HIdES) technique. Final pathology revealed favorable histology Stage II Wilms' Tumor. She received adjuvant chemotherapy with Vincristine and Dactinomycin based on the EE4A regimen...
November 16, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152554/prevalence-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-patients-after-radical-cystectomy-and-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#2
Katherine J Cotter, Yunhua Fan, Gretchen K Sieger, Christopher J Weight, Badrinath R Konety
Background and Objectives: Clostridium Difficile is the most common cause of nosocomial infectious diarrhea. This study evaluates the prevalence and predictors of Clostridium Difficile infections in patients undergoing radical cystectomy with or without neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Methods: Retrospective chart review was performed of all patients undergoing cystectomy and urinary diversion at a single institution from 2011-2017. Infection was documented in all cases with testing for Clostridium Difficile polymerase chain reaction toxin B...
October 27, 2017: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152476/early-recovery-pathway-for-hepatectomy-data-driven-liver-resection-care-and-recovery
#3
REVIEW
Susanne G Warner, Zeljka Jutric, Liana Nisimova, Yuman Fong
In recent years, great progress has been made toward safer hepatobiliary surgical interventions. This has resulted in more widely available treatments for patients who in the past were ineligible for curative resection of primary liver tumors, liver metastases, and advanced biliary tumors. However, the rise in procedures has seen increasingly heterogeneous perioperative management, yielding strikingly disparate outcomes. A number of groups have attempted to standardize perioperative care in an effort to create enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) and provide clinicians with a dependable roadmap to success following hepatectomy...
October 2017: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150842/the-effect-of-6-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-on-acute-kidney-injury-in-paediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#4
H-W Oh, J-H Lee, H-C Kim, E-H Kim, I-K Song, H-S Kim, J-T Kim
We have evaluated the effect of a colloid solution on acute kidney injury in paediatric cardiac surgery. A total of 195 patients were ramdomly divided into an hydroxyethyl starch group and a control group. In the starch group, 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 (Volulyte(®) ) was used as the primary fluid for volume resuscitation but was limited to 30 ml.kg(-1) . In the control group, only crystalloid fluid was used during the peri-operative period. The incidence of acute kidney injury, peri-operative transfusion, clinical outcomes and laboratory data were compared...
November 17, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150129/diagnostic-accuracy-of-4-intraoral-radiographic-techniques-for-misfit-detection-at-the-implant-abutment-joint
#5
Pollyana Darós, Vinícius Cavalcanti Carneiro, Amanda Pasolini Siqueira, Sergio Lins de-Azevedo-Vaz
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: A misfit or gap at the implant-abutment joint (IAJ) requires detection as it may compromise the health of the peri-implant tissue. However, which radiographic technique provides the most orthogonal relationship between the central beam and the implant/image receptor is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of 4 intraoral radiographic techniques on misfit detection at the IAJ. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty implants were placed in polyamide jaws, and customized dental implant abutments with a metal collar were installed...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149707/over-expression-of-cyclooxygenase-2-in-increased-reticulated-platelets-leads-to-aspirin-resistance-after-elective-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#6
Xiaoxuan Gong, Xuezhong Wang, Zhuowen Xu, Tiantian Zhu, Qiu Zhang, Jinying Zhang, Xiaowei Wang, Chunjian Li
INTRODUCTION: Aspirin resistance (AR) has been reported to present after coronary artery bypass graft causing saphenous vein graft failure. We aimed to investigate the factors that affect the anti-platelet effect of aspirin after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty OPCAB candidates were successively recruited. Platelet count, platelet aggregation, reticulated platelet (RP), platelets' cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 expressions were determined during the peri-operative period...
November 9, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146432/predictors-of-hospital-length-of-stay-and-30-day-readmission-in-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-patients-an-analysis-of-3057-patients-using-the-acs-nsqip-database
#7
Peter G Passias, Cyrus M Jalai, Nancy Worley, Shaleen Vira, Saqib Hasan, Samantha R Horn, Frank A Segreto, Cole A Bortz, Andrew P White, Michael Gerling, Virginie LaFage, Thomas Errico
BACKGROUND: Hospital length of stay (LOS), 30-day readmission rate, and other metrics are increasingly being used to evaluate quality of surgical care. The factors most relevant to cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) are not yet established. OBJECTIVE: To identify peri-operative factors associated with extended LOS and/or 30-day readmission following elective surgery for CSM. METHODS: Surgical CSM patients at institutions represented by the American-College-of-Surgeons-National-Surgical-Quality-Improvement-Program (ACS-NSQIP) from 2010-2012 were included...
November 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145351/comparison-of-treatment-of-acute-unstable-distal-clavicle-fractures-using-anatomical-locking-plates-with-versus-without-additional-suture-anchor-fixation
#8
Jixing Fan, Yufu Zhang, Qiang Huang, Xieyuan Jiang, Liang He
BACKGROUND Surgical managements were recommended for unstable distal clavicle fracture owing to the high incidence of nonunion. The present study compared the efficacy of anatomical locking plate with versus without additional suture anchor fixation for the treatment of unstable Neer type II distal clavicle fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between January 2013 to January 2015, 28 consecutive patients with unstable Neer type II  fractures were treated by using anatomical locking plate with or without additional suture anchor fixation...
November 16, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141613/determinants-of-patient-satisfaction-following-reconstructive-shoulder-surgery
#9
Sascha J Baettig, Karl Wieser, Christian Gerber
BACKGROUND: Obtaining patient satisfaction is a key goal of surgical treatment. It was the purpose of this study to identify pre-, peri- and postoperative factors determining patient satisfaction after shoulder surgery, quantify their relative importance and thereby allow the surgeon to focus on parameters, which will influence patient satisfaction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 505 patients, who underwent either rotator cuff repair (n = 216) or total shoulder arthroplasty (n = 289)...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141358/-effect-of-different-tourniquet-releasing-strategy-on-blood-loss-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#10
Y Li, M Lu, H Tian, Z J Li, K Zhang
Objective: To explore the influences on peri-operative blood loss and postoperative blood transfusion in primary total knee arthroplasty when using different methods to release the pneumatic tourniquet. Methods: From January 2015 to December 2016, 484 patients with osteoarthritis were enrolled, undergoing primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty in the Orthopedics Department of Peking University Third Hospital. Retrospective data was used, and all the patients had been operated on by three independent working groups...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138486/the-impact-of-a-specialized-spinal-cord-injury-center-as-compared-with-non-specialized-centers-on-the-acute-respiratory-management-of-patients-with-complete-tetraplegia-an-observational-study
#11
Andréane Richard-Denis, Debbie Feldman, Cynthia Thompson, Martin Albert, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To compare the proportion of tracheostomy placement and duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) in patients with a complete cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) that were managed early or lately in a specialized acute SCI-center. The second objective was to determine the impact of the timing of admission to the SCI-center on the MV support duration. SETTING: A single Level-1 trauma center specialized in SCI care in Quebec (Canada)...
November 15, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135348/development-of-a-surgical-infection-surveillance-program-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-ethiopia-lessons-learned-from-two-surveillance-strategies
#12
Jared A Forrester, Luca Koritsanszky, Benjamin D Parsons, Menbere Hailu, Demisew Amenu, Seifu Alemu, Fekadu Jiru, Thomas G Weiser
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a leading cause of post-operative morbidity and mortality. We developed Clean Cut, a surgical infection prevention program, with two goals: (1) Increase adherence to evidence-based peri-operative infection prevention standards and (2) establish sustainable surgical infection surveillance. Here we describe our infection surveillance strategy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clean Cut was piloted and evaluated at a 523 bed tertiary hospital in Ethiopia...
November 14, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132797/cloaca-reconstruction-a-new-algorithm-which-considers-the-role-of-urethral-length-in-determining-surgical-planning
#13
Richard J Wood, Carlos A Reck-Burneo, Daniel Dajusta, Christina Ching, Rama Jayanthi, D Gregory Bates, Molly E Fuchs, Katherine McCracken, Geri Hewitt, Marc A Levitt
BACKGROUND: Cloacal malformations represent a uniquely complex challenge for surgeons. The surgical approach to date has been based on the common channel (CC) length with two patient groups considered: less than or greater than 3cm, which we believe is an oversimplification. We reviewed 19 patients, referred after surgery done elsewhere. Eight had postoperative urinary complications, 3 had constant urinary leakage and had been left after surgery with a urethra <1cm, .5 with an original 3 to 5cm common channel, who had undergone total urogenital mobilization (TUM), experienced peri-operative urethral loss needing a vesicostomy, and later, a Mitrofanoff...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129378/transvaginal-natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-surgery-a%C3%A2-new-approach-to-myomectomy
#14
Jan Baekelandt
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a new approach for performing a myomectomy via transvaginal natural-orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) as an alternative to laparoscopic myomectomy. DESIGN: Stepwise explanation of the technique with the use of original video footage. SETTING: Hospital. PATIENT(S): Eight patients were treated transvaginally for intramural, subserosal, and pedunculated myomas. INTERVENTION(S): In case of a posterior myoma, a 2...
November 9, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129087/surgical-management-of-esophageal-cancer
#15
Raj G Vaghjiani, Daniela Molena
Esophageal cancer (EC) is an aggressive malignancy associated with an overall poor prognosis. The specific risk factors for EC vary by histologic type as well as geographic distribution but there is no widely applicable screening strategy to date. Patients can present with vague symptoms which can prove to be a diagnostic challenge. Furthermore, cases tend to present at a late stage, making therapeutic approach difficult. Despite ongoing changes in management strategy, surgery remains the only viable option for cure in early stage malignancy...
October 2017: Chinese Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123664/chronic-post-amputation-pain-peri-operative-management-review
#16
Devjit Srivastava
Study design: Narrative review. Method: Eight bibliographic databases were searched for studies published in the (last five years up until Feb 2017). For the two database searches (Cochrane and DARE), the time frame was unlimited. The review involved keyword searches of the term 'Amputation' AND 'chronic pain'. Studies selected were interrogated for any association between peri-operative factors and the occurrence of chronic post amputation pain (CPAP). Results: Heterogeneity of study populations and outcome measures prevented a systematic review and hence a narrative synthesis of results was undertaken...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121474/outcomes-following-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-lobectomy-versus-open-lobectomy-for-early-stage-lung-cancer-in-older-adults
#17
Nicole Ezer, Minal Kale, Keith Sigel, Sameer Lakha, Grace Mhango, Emily Goodman, Daniel Nicastri, Scott Swanson, Alfred Neugut, Juan P Wisnivesky
RATIONALE: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and open lobectomy are both standard of care for treatment of early stage NSCLC because of equivalent long-term survival. OBJECTIVE: To evaluated whether the improved peri-operative outcomes associated with VATS are explained by differences in case volume and specialty training. METHODS: We analyzed the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare linked registry to identify stage I-II NSCLC in patients above 65 years of age...
November 9, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112512/causal-analysis-of-world-health-organization-s-surgical-safety-checklist-implementation-quality-and-impact-on-care-processes-and-patient-outcomes-secondary-analysis-from-a-large-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-norway
#18
Arvid Steinar Haugen, Hilde Valen Wæhle, Stian Kreken Almeland, Stig Harthug, Nick Sevdalis, Geir Egil Eide, Monica Wammen Nortvedt, Ingrid Smith, Eirik Søfteland
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that high-quality implementation of the World Health Organization's Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC) will lead to improved care processes and subsequently reduction of peri- and postoperative complications. BACKGROUND: Implementation of the SSC was associated with robust reduction in morbidity and length of in-hospital stay in a stepped wedge cluster randomized controlled trial conducted in 2 Norwegian hospitals. Further investigation of precisely how the SSC improves care processes and subsequently patient outcomes is needed to understand the causal mechanisms of improvement...
November 6, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110930/determinants-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-renal-function-decline-after-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#19
Randolph G Statius van Eps, Banne Nemeth, Ronne T A Mairuhu, Jan J Wever, Hugo T C Veger, Hans van Overhagen, Lukas C van Dijk, Bob Knippenberg
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) may be associated with renal injury and more insight is needed into potential risk factors. The aim was to identify clinical, anatomical, and peri-procedural parameters as potential risk factors for the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and to evaluate chronic kidney disease (CKD) after EVAR. METHODS: A cohort of 212 consecutive patients who underwent elective EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysm from January 2009 to October 2016 was included...
October 27, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110652/open-subpectoral-biceps-tenodesis-in-patients-over-65-does-not-result-in-an-increased-rate-of-complications
#20
Andreas Voss, Simone Cerciello, Jessica DiVenere, Olga Solovyova, Felix Dyrna, John Apostolakos, David Lam, Mark P Cote, Knut Beitzel, Augustus D Mazzocca
BACKGROUND: Long head biceps tendon pathology is a common cause of anterior shoulder pain and is often associated with other shoulder conditions, such as rotator cuff tears and osteoarthritis. It is well accepted that older patients are at increased risk for major and minor peri- and postoperative complications. The purpose of this study is to investigate patients over 65 years old who underwent subpectoral biceps tenodesis and compare the complication rates of this group to those of patients younger than 65 years old...
November 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
keyword
keyword
58376
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"