keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peri operative

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727243/filamin-a-expression-predicts-early-recurrence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-hepatectomy
#1
Matteo Donadon, Luca Di Tommaso, Cristiana Soldani, Barbara Franceschini, Alfonso Terrone, Antonio Mimmo, Eleonora Vitali, Massimo Roncalli, Andrea Lania, Guido Torzilli
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after hepatectomy is very high. A predictive marker of early recurrence (ER) capable of personalizing follow-up and developing a new target therapy would be beneficial. The overexpression of Filamin-A (FLNA), a cytoskeleton protein with scaffolding properties, has recently been associated with progression in tumors. The aim of this study was to test the expression of FLNA in a cohort of patients operated for HCC. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of patients who underwent hepatic resection at Humanitas Clinical and Research Center between January 2004 and December 2014 was analyzed...
July 20, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725122/two-incisions-direct-anterior-approach-for-thr-surgical-technique-and-early-outcome
#2
Ritesh Rathi, Idriss Tourabaly, Alexis Nogier
PURPOSE: In recent times the direct anterior approach for total hip replacement has gained considerable interest among orthopaedic surgeons because of the relative muscle-sparing nature than other surgical approaches. However, critics believe that this approach is associated with steep learning curve and high complication rates, mainly attributed to a more limited exposure to the femur. In order to make femoral access easier and implantation of acetabulum in anatomic plane, we designed a "two incisions anterior approach technique" for total hip replacement...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724333/the-impact-of-acute-management-on-the-occurrence-of-medical-complications-during-the-specialized-spinal-cord-injury-acute-hospitalization-following-motor-complete-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Andréane Richard-Denis, Debbie Erhmann Feldman, Cynthia Thompson, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Determine the impact of early admission and complete perioperative management in a specialized spinal cord injury (SCI) trauma center (SCI-center) on the occurrence of medical complications following tetraplegia. DESIGN: A retrospective comparative cohort study of prospectively collected data involving 116 individuals was conducted. Group 1 (N=87) was early managed in a SCI-center promptly after the trauma, whereas Group 2 (N=29) was surgically and preoperatively managed in a non-specialized (NS) center before being transferred to the SCI-center...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719059/pancreatic-allograft-thrombosis-suggestion-for-a-ct-grading-system-and-management-algorithm
#4
Abdul Hakeem, John Chen, Satheesh Iype, Menna Clatworthy, Christopher Watson, Edmund M Godfrey, Sara Upponi, Kourosh Saeb-Parsy
Pancreatic allograft thrombosis (PAT) remains the leading cause of non-immunological graft failure. Herein we propose a new CT grading system of PAT to identify risk factors for allograft loss and outline a management algorithm by retrospective review of consecutive pancreatic transplants between 2009-2014. Triple-phase CT scans were graded independently by two radiologists as; Grade 0 - no thrombosis, Grade 1 - peripheral thrombosis, Grade 2 - intermediate non-occlusive thrombosis and Grade 3 - central occlusive thrombosis...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718166/can-long-term-luts-bph-pharmacological-treatment-alter-the-outcomes-of-surgical-intervention
#5
REVIEW
Fabrizio Presicce, Cosimo De Nunzio, Andrea Tubaro
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We have reviewed the available evidence on the impact of long-term pharmacological treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms on the outcomes of benign prostatic hyperplasia surgery. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic literature search from January 1990 to May 2017 was performed. Only references in the English language and peer-reviewed manuscripts were considered. RECENT FINDINGS: Over time, the ever-increasing use of long-term pharmaceutical treatments has considerably reduced the rate of BPH surgery in most countries...
September 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717540/totally-tubeless-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-is-feasible-in-morbidly-obese-patients
#6
Seyed Mohammad Kazem Aghamir, Mohammad Ghasem Mohseni, Seyed Reza Hosseini, Alborz Salavati, Hossein Ganjali, Mohammad Ali Fallah, Hamed Rezaei, Seyed Saeed Modaresi
OBJECTIVE: Regarding technical difficulties that obese body habitus might impose to percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) success and higher risk of peri-operative complications in this group of patients, we decided to retrospectively gather data from our patients during past 8 years to determine the stone free and complication rates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2007-December 2015, seventy-eight obese patients with body mass index over 35 who had indication for PNL including stones larger than 2 cm in pelvi-calyceal system or smaller extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) resistant stones or who were not a fit candidate for ESWL due to increased skin to target distance, with no contraindication of PNL (including bleeding diathesis, inability to be positioned in prone) were enrolled...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716164/collagen-matrix-as-an-inlay-in-endoscopic-skull-base-reconstruction
#7
G M Oakley, J M Christensen, M Winder, B P Jonker, A Davidson, T Steel, C Teo, R J Harvey
BACKGROUND: Multi-layer reconstruction has become standard in endoscopic skull base surgery. The inlay component used can vary among autografts, allografts, xenografts and synthetics, primarily based on surgeon preference. The short- and long-term outcomes of collagen matrix in skull base reconstruction are described. METHODS: A case series of patients who underwent endoscopic skull base reconstruction with collagen matrix inlay were assessed. Immediate peri-operative outcomes (cerebrospinal fluid leak, meningitis, ventriculitis, intracranial bleeding, epistaxis, seizures) and delayed complications (delayed healing, meningoencephalocele, prolapse of reconstruction, delayed cerebrospinal fluid leak, ascending meningitis) were examined...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713703/comparative-perfusion-analysis-of-free-muscle-sparing-versus-pedicle-transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-tram-flaps-in-vivo-in-the-peri-operative-and-late-post-operative-periods
#8
Richard McNally, Jonathan Rimler, Vincent Laurence, Keyianoosh Z Paydar, Garrett A Wirth
BACKGROUND: Current teaching suggests increased perfusion in free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flaps over pedicled TRAM flaps, broadening indications for its use in high risk patients. This study compared perfusion analysis of free muscle-sparing versus pedicle TRAM flaps in vivo in the peri-operative and late post-operative periods. METHODS: The SPY-Elite system using indocyanine green dye was used to analyze flap perfusion intra-operatively and at 1 week and 3 months post-operatively...
May 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713049/patient-reported-outcomes-after-surgical-stabilization-of-spinal-tumors-symptom-based-validation-of-the-spinal-instability-neoplastic-score-sins-and-surgery
#9
Ibrahim Hussain, Ori Barzilai, Anne S Reiner, Natalie DiStefano, Lily McLaughlin, Shahiba Ogilvie, Mark Bilsky, Ilya Laufer
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Neoplastic spinal instability is movement-related pain or neurologic compromise under physiologic loads with the Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score (SINS) developed to facilitate diagnosis. There is a paucity of evidence that mechanical instability correlates with patient-reported symptoms and that surgical stabilization significantly improves these patient-reported outcomes (PRO). PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine if SINS correlates with patient-reported preoperative pain and disability and if surgical stabilization significantly improves PRO...
July 13, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711761/laparoscopic-vs-open-hysterectomy-for-benign-disease-in-uteri-weighing-1-kg-a-retrospective-analysis-on-258-patients
#10
Stefano Uccella, Chiara Morosi, Nicola Marconi, Anna Arrigo, Baldo Gisone, Jvan Casarin, Ciro Pinelli, Camilla Borghi, Fabio Ghezzi
OBJECTIVE: To present a large single-center series of hysterectomies for uteri≥ 1 kilogram and to compare laparoscopic and open abdominal approach in terms of peri-operative outcomes and complications. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively-collected data (Canadian Task Force II-2). SETTING: Academic research center. PATIENTS: Consecutive women who underwent hysterectomy for uteri ≥ 1 kilogram in the period between January 2000 and December 2016...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710845/chitosan-membranes-application-on-the-prostatic-neurovascular-bundles-following-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-a-phase-ii-study
#11
F Porpiglia, R Bertolo, C Fiori, M Manfredi, S De Cillis, S Geuna
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and the safety of the application of chitosan membranes on the neuro-vascular bundles after nerve-sparing Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy (RARP). The secondary aim of the study was to report preliminary data and more particularly potency recovery data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-center, single-arm prospective study. Enrolment from July 2015 to September 2016 of all patients with localized prostate cancer scheduled for RARP with IIEF-5 score > 17 after San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital Ethics Committee (Orbassano) approval (80/2015) and patient's acceptance...
July 15, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710425/naja-sputatrix-venom-preconditioning-attenuates-neuroinflammation-in-a-rat-model-of-surgical-brain-injury-via-pla2-5-lox-ltb4-cascade-activation
#12
Yuechun Wang, Prativa Sherchan, Lei Huang, Onat Akyol, Devin W McBride, John H Zhang
Inflammatory preconditioning is a mechanism in which exposure to small doses of inflammatory stimuli prepares the body against future massive insult by activating endogenous protective responses. Phospholipase A2/5-lipoxygenase/leukotriene-B4 (PLA2/5-LOX/LTB4) axis is an important inflammatory signaling pathway. Naja sputatrix (Malayan spitting cobra) venom contains 15% secretory PLA2 of its dry weight. We investigated if Naja sputatrix venom preconditioning (VPC) reduces surgical brain injury (SBI)-induced neuroinflammation via activating PLA2/5-LOX/LTB4 cascade using a partial frontal lobe resection SBI rat model...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708917/vertical-osseodistraction-with-a-new-intraosseous-alveolar-distractor-prototype-for-dental-implant-rehabilitation-a-pilot-study-in-dogs
#13
Marco Esposito, Anna Trullenque-Eriksson, Carlos Navarro Vila, Miguel Peñarrocha, Abel García, Arturo Sánchez, Fernando Muñoz-Guzón, José Manuel Martínez Martín
PURPOSE: To evaluate in dogs a newly developed intraosseous alveolar distractor (Mozo-Grau Alveolar Distractor) for vertical bone augmentation to allow placement of dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four dogs had their posterior teeth removed, and sockets were left to heal for 20 weeks. The right and left sides of the posterior mandibles were randomly allocated, according to a split-mouth design, to receive either two distractors, distracting a 32-mm-long bone segment, or two distractors supporting one bony segment 20 mm long and one 8 mm long...
July 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703290/the-association-between-peri-operative-acute-risk-change-arc-and-long-term-survival-after-cardiac-surgery
#14
T G Coulson, M Bailey, C M Reid, L Tran, D V Mullany, J A Smith, D Pilcher
Acute risk change has been described as the difference in calculated mortality risk between the pre-operative and postoperative periods of cardiac surgery. We aimed to assess whether this was associated with long-term survival after cardiac surgery. We retrospectively analysed 22,570 cardiac surgical patients, with minimum and maximum follow-up of 1.0 and 6.7 years. Acute risk change was calculated as the arithmetic difference between pre- and postoperative mortality risk. 'Rising risk' represented an increase in risk from pre- to postoperative phase...
July 13, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702784/cementless-modular-distally-fixed-stem-in-hip-revision-arthroplasty-a-single-center-study-of-132-consecutive-hips
#15
Ali Hashem, Ammar Al-Azzawi, Hasan Riyadh, Sebastian Mukka, Arkan Sayed-Noor
PURPOSE: The use of cementless, modular, distally fixed stem in hip revision arthroplasty has increased during the last decades. We aimed to analyze the early and late postoperative complications, re-operation rate, and survival rate of the MP stem operated at our county hospital with relatively limited caseload. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included 132 hips operated with MP stem between January 2007-2014. An independent observer reviewed patients' medical records in July 2015 (18-102 months postoperatively, median 52...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700995/extended-pancreatectomy-does-it-have-a-role-in-the-contemporary-management-of-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#16
Joerg Kaiser, Thilo Hackert, Markus W Büchler
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is a low-incident but highly mortal disease. Surgery is still the preferred treatment option for resectable pancreatic cancer as it offers the only realistic chance for cure. As many patients present with locally advanced disease, which is generally considered as not amenable to surgical treatment, it is important to know the limits of surgical therapy in this disease. METHODS: In this review, the indication and outcomes of extended pancreatectomies as well as the alternative treatment options for locally advanced pancreatic cancer are described...
July 13, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698070/surgical-preparation-of-rats-and-mice-for-intravital-microscopic-imaging-of-abdominal-organs
#17
George J Rhodes
Intravital microscopy is a powerful research tool that can provide insight into cellular and subcellular events that take place in organs in the body. However, meaningful results can only be obtained from animals whose physiology is preserved during the process of microscopy. Here I discuss the importance of preserving the overall state of health of the animal, methods of anesthesia, surgical techniques for intravital microscopy of various abdominal organs, methods to maintain and monitor the physiology of the animal during microscopy and associated peri- and post-operative recovery considerations...
July 8, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697015/the-p50-research-center-in-perioperative-sciences-how-the-investment-by-the-national-institute-of-general-medical-sciences-in-team-science-has-reduced-post-burn-mortality
#18
Celeste C Finnerty, Karel Capek, Charles Voigt, Gabriel Hundeshagen, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Craig Porter, Linda E Sousse, Amina El Ayadi, Ramon Zapata-Sirvent, Ashley Guillory, Oscar E Suman, David N Herndon
Since the inception of the P50 Research Center in Peri-Operative Sciences (RCIPS) funding mechanism, the National Institute for General Medical Sciences has supported a team approach to science. Many advances in critical care, particularly burns, have been driven by RCIPS teams. In fact, burns that were fatal in the early 1970s, prior to the inception of the P50 RCIPS program, are now routinely survived as a result of the P50-funded research. The advances in clinical care that led to the reduction in post-burn death were made by optimizing resuscitation, incorporating early excision and grafting, bolstering acute care including support for inhalation injury, modulating the hypermetabolic response, augmenting the immune response, incorporating aerobic exercise, and developing anti-scarring strategies...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696671/simultaneous-delivery-of-multiple-antibacterial-agents-from-additively-manufactured-porous-biomaterials-to-fully-eradicate-planktonic-and-adherent-staphylococcus-aureus
#19
Sadra Bakhshandeh, Zahra Gorgin Karaji, Karel Lietaert, Ad C Fluit, C H Edwin Boel, Charles Vogely, Tina Vermonden, Wim E Hennink, Harrie Weinans, Amir Abbas Zadpoor, Saber Amin Yavari
Implant-associated infections are notoriously difficult to treat and may even result in amputation and death. The first few days after surgery is the most critical time to prevent those infections preferably through full eradication of the micro-organisms entering the body peri-operatively. That is particularly important for patients with a compromised immune system such as orthopaedic oncologic patients, as they are at higher risk for infection and complications. Full eradication of bacteria is, especially in a biofilm, extremely challenging due to the toxicity barrier that prevents us from delivering high doses of antibacterial agents...
July 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693689/neuroprotective-effects-of-grape-seed-procyanidin-extract-on-ischemia-reperfusion-brain-injury-%C3%A2
#20
Kong Xiangyi, Guan Jian, Gong Shun, Wang Renzhi
<strong>Objective</strong> Oxidative stress (OS) plays a crucial role in ischemic stroke. Grape seed procyanidin extract (GSPE) was reported to be a critical regulator of OS. We hypothesized that GSPE might also be protective in ischemia-reperfusion brain injury. This study aimed to explore whether GSPE administration can protect mice from ischemia-reperfusion brain injury.<strong>Methods</strong> Transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was conducted followed by reperfusion for 24 hours to make ischemia-reperfusion brain injury in mice that received GSPE (MCAOG, n=60) or normal saline (MCAONS, n=60)...
June 10, 2017: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
keyword
keyword
58376
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"