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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684833/antecedents-mediators-and-outcomes-of-authentic-leadership-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Bayan Alilyyani, Carol A Wong, Greta Cummings
BACKGROUND: Leaders are essential in every organization to achieve patient safety and healthy work environments. Authentic leadership is a relational leadership style purported to promote healthy work environments that influence staff performance and organizational outcomes. Given recent growth in authentic leadership research in healthcare and the importance of new knowledge to inform leadership development, there is an obligation to determine what is known about the antecedents and outcomes of authentic leadership in healthcare settings and clarify mechanisms by which authentic leadership affects healthcare staff and patient outcomes...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684795/screening-for-postpartum-anxiety-a-quality-improvement-project-to-promote-the-screening-of-women-suffering-in-silence
#2
Sarah Toler, Susan Stapleton, Kim Kertsburg, Tiffany J Callahan, Marie Hastings-Tolsma
BACKGROUND: Postpartum anxiety is a mental health problem that has largely been ignored by maternity care providers despite an estimated incidence as high as 28.9%. Though postpartum anxiety may or may not be accompanied by depression, and while screening for postpartum depression has become more common place, postpartum anxiety is often not assessed or addressed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot quality improvement project was to implement a screening, treatment and referral program for postpartum anxiety in the birth centre environment...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684158/perceptions-of-patient-safety-culture-among-healthcare-employees-in-tertiary-hospitals-of-heilongjiang-province-in-northern-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Ying Li, Yanming Zhao, Yanhua Hao, Mingli Jiao, Hongkun Ma, Baijun Teng, Kai Yang, Tongbo Sun, Qunhong Wu, Hong Qiao
Objective: Assessing the patient safety culture is necessary for improving patient safety. Research on patient safety culture has attracted considerable attention. Currently, there is little research on patient safety culture in China generally, and in Heilongjiang in northern China specifically. The aim of the study is to explore the perception of healthcare employees about patient safety culture and to determine whether perception differs per sex, age, profession, years of experience, education level and marital status...
April 19, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683887/association-of-anticholinergic-risk-score-with-functional-status-in-patients-preparing-for-pelvic-reconstructive-surgery
#4
Taylor J Brueseke, Maria de la Luz Nieto, Samantha Pulliam, Jennifer M Wu
OBJECTIVES: Anticholinergic medication use has been associated with cognitive impairment and other functional limitations, particularly in older patients. The anticholinergic risk score (ARS) can be used to measure a patient's cumulative exposure to medications with anticholinergic properties. Our primary objective was to evaluate the correlation between ARS and functional status, as measured by instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), in patients preparing to undergo urogynecologic surgery...
April 20, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683793/creating-a-professional-development-platform-to-transform-social-work-clinical-practice-in-health-care
#5
Nancy Xenakis
Since U.S. Congress' 2010 passing of the Affordable Care Act and the creation of numerous care coordination programs, Mount Sinai Hospital's Department of Social Work Services has experienced exponential growth. The Department is deeply committed to recruiting and developing the most talented social workers to best meet the needs of patients and family caregivers and to serve as integral, valued members of interdisciplinary care teams. Traditional learning methods are insufficient for a staff of hundreds, given the changes in health care and the complexity of the work...
July 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683752/vessel-health-and-preservation-a-model-and-clinical-pathway-for-using-vascular-access-devices
#6
Nancy L Moureau, Peter J Carr
Use of intravenous devices for the delivery of medical treatment spans all healthcare facilities ranging from hospitals to clinics and home care. Clinical pathways are processes used by healthcare providers to integrate and illustrate the best evidence and approach to care for a specific area of practice. The Vessel Health and Preservation (VHP) model is a framework and pathway process, consisting of four quadrants, to guide initiation and management of treatment requiring intravenous access. The pathway is designed to promote preservation of the vasculature of patients from admission through discharge with a focus on acute care...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683555/clinical-obesity-services-in-public-hospitals-in-australia-a-position-statement-based-on-expert-consensus
#7
E Atlantis, N Kormas, K Samaras, P Fahey, P Sumithran, S Glastras, G Wittert, K Fusco, R Bishay, T Markovic, L Ding, K Williams, I Caterson, V Chikani, P Dugdale, J Dixon
We aimed to describe the current state of specialist obesity services for adults with clinically severe obesity in public hospitals in Australia, and to analyse the gap in resources based on expert consensus. We conducted two surveys to collect information about current and required specialist obesity services and resources using open-ended questionnaires. Organizational level data were sought from clinician expert representatives of specialist obesity services across Australia in 2017. Fifteen of 16 representatives of current services in New South Wales (n = 8), Queensland (n = 1), Victoria (n = 2), South Australia (n = 3), and the Australian Capital Territory (n = 1) provided data...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683401/access-to-and-experiences-with-e-health-technology-among-glaucoma-patients-and-their-relationship-with-medication-adherence
#8
Paula Anne Newman-Casey, Olivia J Killeen, Morgan Renner, Alan L Robin, Paul Lee, Michele Heisler
BACKGROUND: As online health information becomes common, it is important to assess patients' access to and experiences with online resources. INTRODUCTION: We examined whether glaucoma patients' technology usage differs by medication adherence and whether adherence is associated with online education experiences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 164 adults with glaucoma taking ≥1 glaucoma medication. Participants completed a survey including demographic and health information, the Morisky Adherence Scale, and questions about online glaucoma resource usage...
April 23, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683349/video-rethinking-mural-thickening-vasculitis-or-aortic-dissection
#9
Caitlin A Harrington, Alexander A Brescia, Brandon H Tieu, Cristina Fuss
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this video article is to provide education about the similarities and differences between vasculitis and rare, acute aortic pathologic findings so that an appropriate diagnosis can be made in a timely manner, especially for patients with life-threatening aortic pathologic findings. CONCLUSION: Although they are rare, acute aortic pathologic findings, such as aortic dissection and intramural hematoma, can have radiographic characteristics similar to those of vasculitis, which can make it challenging to discern between these vastly different diagnoses without the use of properly timed imaging studies...
May 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683115/timing-and-mode-of-breast-care-nurse-consultation-from-the-patient-s-perspective
#10
Janie Brown, Gay Refeld, Alannah Cooper
OBJECTIVES: To understand what, if any, differences exist in the perception of a breast care nurse (BCN) consultation between women who experienced a preoperative, face-to-face counseling and education opportunity with a BCN, and those who required a telephone consultation or were unable to experience a preoperative BCN consultation. SAMPLE & SETTING: A convenience sample of women in a private hospital in Western Australia who had breast surgery for breast cancer, BRCA gene mutation, or breast cancer risk reduction, and who experienced face-to-face contact, telephone contact, or no preoperative contact with a BCN...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683011/can-communication-skills-training-improve-empathy-a-six-year-longitudinal-study-of-medical-students-in-japan
#11
Hitomi Kataoka, Toshihide Iwase, Hiroko Ogawa, Sabina Mahmood, Masaru Sato, Jennifer DeSantis, Mohammadreza Hojat, Joseph S Gonnella
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an important component of overall clinical competence; thus, enhancing empathy in medical education is essential for quality patient care. AIM: This longitudinal study was designed to address the following questions: 1. Can a targeted educational program in communication skills training enhance empathy in medical students? and 2. Can such a program have a sustained effect? METHODS: Study participants included 116 students who entered Okayama University Medical School in 2011...
April 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683005/association-between-adherence-to-statins-illness-perception-treatment-satisfaction-and-quality-of-life-among-lebanese-patients
#12
Christine Haddad, Souheil Hallit, Mohammad Salhab, Aline Hajj, Antoine Sarkis, Eliane Nasser Ayoub, Hicham Jabbour, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to evaluate treatment adherence to statin and health-related quality of life (QOL) in Lebanese patients with dyslipidemia. Secondary objectives were to examine associations between treatment adherence, QOL, treatment satisfaction, and illness perception. METHODS: This cross-sectional study, conducted in 20 community pharmacies from all districts of Lebanon between August 2016 and April 2017, enrolled 247 adult patients taking any statin...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682837/massive-transfusion-changing-practice-in-a-single-norwegian-centre-2002-2015
#13
H Doughty, T O Apelseth, J Sivertsen, K Annaniasen, T Hervig
OBJECTIVES: To describe the change in massive transfusion (MT) practice in a single Norwegian centre throughout the period 2002-2015. BACKGROUND: MT support for traumatic haemorrhage has changed since the mid-2000s. However, life-threatening haemorrhage may occur in other clinical specialties. In 2007, Haukeland University Hospital (HUS) introduced a universal MT programme including education, Acute Transfusion Packages (ATPs) and thromboelastography. METHODS/MATERIALS: A retrospective review was performed of all MT episodes defined as ≥10 red cell concentrates (RCC) in 24 h...
April 23, 2018: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682764/how-confident-are-physicians-in-deprescribing-for-the-elderly-and-what-barriers-prevent-deprescribing
#14
L Djatche, S Lee, D Singer, S E Hegarty, M Lombardi, V Maio
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Deprescribing is the process of discontinuing or reducing the dosage of medications that are no longer appropriate or aligned with goals of care, which is paramount in elderly patients with multiple comorbidities and polypharmacy. The objective of this study was to assess the perceptions of primary care physicians on deprescribing for elderly patients and potential barriers to deprescribing that physicians experience in the Local Health Authority (LHA) of Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682723/improving-the-detection-of-patients-with-inherited-predispositions-to-hematologic-malignancies-using-next-generation-sequencing-based-leukemia-prognostication-panels
#15
REVIEW
Courtney D DiNardo, Mark J Routbort, Sarah A Bannon, Christopher B Benton, Koichi Takahashi, Steve M Kornblau, Rajyalakshmi Luthra, Rashmi Kanagal-Shamanna, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Hagop Kantarjian, P Andrew Futreal, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Keyur P Patel
Recognizing and referring patients with possible inherited cancer predisposition syndromes for appropriate genetic evaluation and testing provides insights into optimal patient treatment approaches and also can provide education and testing opportunities for family members. Next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based, targeted genotyping for somatic mutations is increasingly used in the diagnosis, prognostication, and treatment selection for patients with hematologic malignancies. However, certain mutations that may be somatically acquired can also be present as germline mutations in some individuals and families...
April 6, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682584/patient-related-determinants-of-glycaemic-control-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Mohammed J Alramadan, Afsana Afroz, Sultana Monira Hussain, Mohammed Ali Batais, Turky H Almigbal, Hassan Ahmad Al-Humrani, Ahmed Albaloshi, Lorena Romero, Dianna J Magliano, Baki Billah
The aim of this systematic review is to assess patient-related factors affecting glycaemic control among people with type 2 diabetes in the Arabian Gulf Council countries. MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were searched from their date of inception to May 2016. Two researchers independently identified eligible studies and assessed the risk of bias. A total of 13 studies met the inclusion criteria. One study was population based, six recruited participants from multiple centres, and the remaining were single centred...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682342/a-proposed-middle-range-theory-of-nursing-in-hypertension-care
#17
REVIEW
Eva Drevenhorn
Nursing in hypertension care comprises counselling about lifestyle changes, blood pressure measurement, and being a translator for the physician. For the patient, changing lifestyle means performing self-care. As not much in the form of research and guidelines for nurses is available, a middle-range theory of nursing in hypertension care was developed to guide nurses in their practice, in order to improve the nursing of patients and design studies for investigating nursing in hypertension care. Concepts are presented related to the patient (attitude and beliefs regarding health and sickness, autonomy, personality and traits, level of perceived vulnerability, hardiness, sense of coherence, locus of control, self-efficacy, and access to social support and network) and the nursing (applying theories and models for behavioural change in the consultation and using counselling skills, patient advocacy, empowerment, professional knowledge and health education, and supporting the patient)...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682302/impact-of-an-educational-video-as-a-consent-tool-on-knowledge-about-cure-research-among-patients-and-caregivers-at-hiv-clinics-in-south-africa
#18
EDITORIAL
Melany Hendricks, Gonasagrie Nair, Ciara Staunton, Michael Pather, Nigel Garrett, Dianno Baadjies, Martin Kidd, Keymanthri Moodley
Background: Despite increasing access to antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle-income countries, only 54% of eligible individuals were receiving treatment in Africa by 2015. Recent developments in HIV cure research have been encouraging. However, the complex science and procedures of cure research render the informed consent process challenging. Objective: This study evaluates the impact of a video tool on educating participants about HIV cure. Methods: A questionnaire assessing the content of the video was administered to adults recruited from two clinics in South Africa...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682278/complaints-about-chiropractors-osteopaths-and-physiotherapists-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-health-performance-and-conduct-concerns
#19
Anna T Ryan, Lay San Too, Marie M Bismark
Background: Recent media reports have highlighted the risks to patients that may occur when practitioners in the chiropractic, osteopathy and physiotherapy professions provide services in an unethical or unsafe manner. Yet research on complaints about chiropractors, osteopaths, and physiotherapists is limited. Our aim was to understand differences in the frequency and nature of formal complaints about practitioners in these professions in order to inform improvements in professional regulation and education...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682245/caustic-ingestion-in-children-in-south-of-iran-a-two-year-single-center-study
#20
Seyed Mohsen Dehghani, Maryam Bahmanyar, Hazhir Javaherizadeh
BACKGROUND Caustic ingestion is one of the most important injuries during childhood, which leads to serious sequel. In this study, we evaluated the clinical manifestations, endoscopic appearance, complications, and treatment results in patients with caustic ingestion in our hospital. METHODS Hospital chart of patients with caustic ingestion who admitted to Nemazee Teaching Hospital affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences during a 2-year period (2015-2016) were reviewed retrospectively. The age, sex, nature of the caustic agent, clinical presentations, grade of injury in endoscopy, degree of parents' education, site of ingestion, accidental or intentional attempts, complications, and outcomes were reviewed...
January 2018: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
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