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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110391/social-media-for-patients-benefits-and-drawbacks
#1
REVIEW
Ivan De Martino, Rocco D'Apolito, Alexander S McLawhorn, Keith A Fehring, Peter K Sculco, Giorgio Gasparini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Social media is increasingly utilized by patients to educate themselves on a disease process and to find hospital, physicians, and physician networks most capable of treating their condition. However, little is known about quality of the content of the multiple online platforms patients have to communicate with other potential patients and their potential benefits and drawbacks. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients are not passive consumers of health information anymore but are playing an active role in the delivery of health services through an online environment...
January 21, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110328/impact-of-medical-tv-shows-on-preprocedural-fear-of-surgical-in-house-patients
#2
Kai Witzel, Horst J Koch, Cornelia Kaminski
: Background and Hypotheses: The growing number of medical television series and the increasing amount of time people spend watching TV will have an influence on what they expect from their treatment in a hospital. We suspect that reality as presented in the media and the actual reality of hospitals are not always conceived of as two different worlds. Many medical TV shows present dramatic, life-threatening operations much more often than they occur in reality. Patients who frequently watch such shows might be induced to believe that even routine operations are often dangerous, which could result in higher levels of fear before such an operation...
January 21, 2017: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110300/irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-diet
#3
REVIEW
Piero Portincasa, Leonilde Bonfrate, Ornella de Bari, Anthony Lembo, Sarah Ballou
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract and is one of the most commonly diagnosed gastrointestinal diseases. The impact of IBS on the general population is large due to its high prevalence, suboptimal medical treatments and significant economic burden. The pathophysiology of IBS is complex and treatments are often symptom-specific. The most common therapeutic approaches for IBS include education and reassurance, lifestyles (especially nutrition-based interventions), peripherally acting medications (which typically target motility), centrally acting medications (which target visceral hypersensitivity and pain) and psychological interventions (which aim to reduce the effects of stress or symptom-specific anxiety)...
January 20, 2017: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110255/the-impact-of-using-standardized-patients-in-psychiatric-cases-on-the-levels-of-motivation-and-perceived-learning-of-the-nursing-students
#4
Gamze Sarikoc, Celale Tangul Ozcan, Melih Elcin
BACKGROUND: The use of standardized patients is not very common in psychiatric nursing education and there has been no study conducted in Turkey. AIM: This study evaluated the impact of using standardized patients in psychiatric cases on the levels of motivation and perceived learning of the nursing students. DESIGN: This manuscript addressed the quantitative aspect of a doctoral thesis study in which both quantitative and qualitative methods were used...
January 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109735/implementation-and-evaluation-of-two-educational-strategies-to-improve-screening-for-eating-disorders-in-pediatric-primary-care
#5
Holly C Gooding, Elizabeth Cheever, Sara F Forman, Jonathan Hatoun, Farah Jooma, Currie Touloumtzis, Louis Vernacchio
PURPOSE: Routine screening for disordered eating or body image concerns is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. We evaluated the ability of two educational interventions to increase screening for eating disorders in pediatric primary care practice, predicting that the "active-learning" group would have an increase in documented screening after intervention. METHODS: We studied 303 practitioners in a large independent practice association located in the northeastern United States...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109733/course-of-participation-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#6
Elize M Kruisheer, Irene M C Huenges Wajer, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Marcel W M Post
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate participation problems in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and the course of participation between 3 and 12 months post-SAH, and to identify determinants of this course. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study. SETTING: The study was done in the SAH outpatient clinic at the University Medical Center Utrecht. SUBJECTS: Subjects included patients independent in activities of daily living who visited the SAH outpatient clinic for a routine follow-up visit 3 months after the event...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109650/development-and-evaluation-of-a-generic-education-program-for-chronic-diseases-in-childhood
#7
Gundula Ernst, Ingo Menrath, Karin Lange, Nora Eisemann, Doris Staab, Ute Thyen, Ruediger Szczepanski
OBJECTIVE: To support families with a chronically ill child, a modular curriculum and new healthcare structures (trainer education, quality management) for a group self-management program (ModuS) were developed. ModuS focuses on common psychosocial aspects of chronic conditions and comprises generic and disease-specific modules. A pilot test was conducted for asthma by comparing ModuS with an established asthma-specific education program (CAE). METHODS: Under routine care conditions, 491 children (6-17 years) with asthma and their parents participated in a multi-center prospective study (265 ModuS; 226 CAE)...
January 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109296/design-of-simulation-based-medical-education-and-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-in-situ-simulation-versus-off-site-simulation
#8
EDITORIAL
Jette Led Sørensen, Doris Østergaard, Vicki LeBlanc, Bent Ottesen, Lars Konge, Peter Dieckmann, Cees Van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based medical education (SBME) has traditionally been conducted as off-site simulation in simulation centres. Some hospital departments also provide off-site simulation using in-house training room(s) set up for simulation away from the clinical setting, and these activities are called in-house training. In-house training facilities can be part of hospital departments and resemble to some extent simulation centres but often have less technical equipment. In situ simulation, introduced over the past decade, mainly comprises of team-based activities and occurs in patient care units with healthcare professionals in their own working environment...
January 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109266/team-based-care-for-improving-hypertension-management-among-outpatients-tbc-hta-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Valérie Santschi, Grégoire Wuerzner, Arnaud Chiolero, Bernard Burnand, Philippe Schaller, Lyne Cloutier, Gilles Paradis, Michel Burnier
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) is poorly controlled among a large proportion of hypertensive outpatients. Innovative models of care are therefore needed to improve BP control. The Team-Based Care for improving Hypertension management (TBC-HTA) study aims to evaluate the effect of a team-based care (TBC) interprofessional intervention, involving nurses, community pharmacists and physicians, on BP control of hypertensive outpatients compared to usual care in routine clinical practice. METHODS/DESIGN: The TBC-HTA study is a pragmatic randomized controlled study with a 6-month follow-up which tests a TBC interprofessionnal intervention conducted among uncontrolled treated hypertensive outpatients in two ambulatory clinics and among seven nearby community pharmacies in Lausanne and Geneva, Switzerland...
January 21, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109033/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-decrease-the-rate-of-solitary-blood-cultures-in-the-emergency-department
#10
Joseph Choi, Sahand Ensafi, Lucas Brien Chartier, Oliver Van Praet
OBJECTIVES: Best practice guidelines recommend that at least two sets of blood cultures (BCs) be sent when blood cultures are required. However, high rates of solitary BCs are still common in the emergency department (ED). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of different quality improvement initiatives aimed at reducing the rate of solitary blood cultures being sent to the lab on patients ultimately discharged from our ED. METHODS: This was a multi-centre, multi-phase, prospective study evaluating a comprehensive education-based intervention and a second intervention that combined a computerized forcing function along with a brief education-based intervention...
January 20, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108975/3d-printed-soft-tissue-physical-models-of-renal-malignancies-for-individualized-surgical-simulation-a-feasibility-study
#11
Michael M Maddox, Allison Feibus, James Liu, Julie Wang, Raju Thomas, Jonathan L Silberstein
To construct patient-specific physical three-dimensional (3D) models of renal units with materials that approximates the properties of renal tissue to allow pre-operative and robotic training surgical simulation, 3D physical kidney models were created (3DSystems, Rock Hill, SC) using computerized tomography to segment structures of interest (parenchyma, vasculature, collection system, and tumor). Images were converted to a 3D surface mesh file for fabrication using a multi-jet 3D printer. A novel construction technique was employed to approximate normal renal tissue texture, printers selectively deposited photopolymer material forming the outer shell of the kidney, and subsequently, an agarose gel solution was injected into the inner cavity recreating the spongier renal parenchyma...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108910/non-scientific-classification-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-as-dietary-supplement
#12
Kexin Bao
This article focuses the category status of Chinese herbal medicine in the United States where it has been mistakenly classified as a dietary supplement. According to Yellow Emperor Canon of Internal Medicine (Huang Di Nei Jing), clinical treatment in broad sense is to apply certain poisonous medicines to fight against pathogeneses, by which all medicines have certain toxicity and side effect. From ancient times to modern society, all, or at least most, practitioners have used herbal medicine to treat patients' medical conditions...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108846/knowledge-attitudes-practices-and-barriers-related-to-research-utilization-a-survey-among-pharmacists-in-malaysia
#13
Sin Yee Tan, Ernieda Hatah
Background Research utilization is part of evidence-based practice referring to the process of reviewing and critiquing scientific research and applying the findings to one's own clinical practice. Many studies on research utilization have been conducted with doctors and nurses, but to our knowledge, none have been investigated amongst pharmacists. Objective To assess research utilization and its barriers among pharmacists and identify potential influencing factors. Setting Malaysia. Methods This cross-sectional survey was administered online and by mail to a convenient sample of pharmacists working in hospitals, health clinics, and retail pharmacies in rural and urban areas...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108688/on-the-need-for-standard-definitions-and-education-to-optimize-patient-ventilator-interactions
#14
EDITORIAL
Eduardo Mireles-Cabodevila, Siddharth Dugar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108685/a-tablet-based-multimedia-education-tool-improves-provider-and-subject-knowledge-of-inhaler-use-techniques
#15
Aaron M Mulhall, Muhammad A Zafar, Samantha Record, Herman Channell, Ralph J Panos
BACKGROUND: Although inhaled medications are effective therapies for COPD, many patients and providers use them incorrectly. METHODS: We recruited providers who prescribe inhalers or teach inhaler technique and assessed their use of metered-dose inhalers (MDIs), various dry powder inhalers (DPIs), and Respimat using predefined checklists. Then they watched tablet-based multimedia educational videos that demonstrated correct inhaler technique by a clinical pharmacist with teach-back from a patient and were re-evaluated...
February 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108386/trajectory-of-improvement-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-migraine-results-from-the-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-amitriptyline-trial
#16
John W Kroner, James Peugh, Susmita M Kashikar-Zuck, Susan L LeCates, Janelle R Allen, Shalonda K Slater, Marium Zafar, Marielle A Kabbouche, Hope L O'Brien, Chad E Shenk, Ashley M Kroon Van Diest, Andrew D Hershey, Scott W Powers
: We compared headache frequency trajectories between clinical trial participants who received cognitive behavioral therapy plus amitriptyline (CBT+A) or headache education plus amitriptyline (HE+A) to determine if there was differential time course of treatment response between the groups. 135 patients (age 10-17) diagnosed with chronic migraine participated, attending 8 one-hour one-on-one CBT or HE sessions with a trained psychologist for 8 weekly sessions, 2 sessions at weeks 12 and 16, and a post-treatment visit at week 20...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108318/response-inhibition-set-shifting-and-complex-executive-function-in-patients-with-chronic-lower-back-pain
#17
Rytis Masiliūnas, Dalia Vitkutė, Edgaras Stankevičius, Vaidas Matijošaitis, Kęstutis Petrikonis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate how response inhibition, set shifting, and complex executive function (represented by risky decision-making) are altered in chronic lower back pain patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 29 patients with chronic lower back pain (CLBP >6 months) aged 49-69 years and 30 healthy volunteers matched for age, gender, and education were enrolled in a case-control study. The study was conducted in the Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Panevėžys Regional Hospital, Lithuania...
January 2, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108265/palliative-care-and-parkinson-s-disease-meeting-summary-and-recommendations-for-clinical-research
#18
REVIEW
Benzi M Kluger, Siobhán Fox, Suzanne Timmons, Maya Katz, Nicholas B Galifianakis, Indu Subramanian, Julie H Carter, Miriam J Johnson, Edward W Richfield, David Bekelman, Jean S Kutner, Janis Miyasaki
INTRODUCTION: Palliative care is an approach to caring for patients and families affected by serious illnesses that focuses on the relief of suffering through the management of medical symptoms, psychosocial issues, advance care planning and spiritual wellbeing. Over the past decade there has been an emerging clinical and research interest in the application of palliative care approaches to Parkinson's disease (PD) and outpatient palliative care services are now offered by several movement disorders centers...
January 11, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108263/anxiety-is-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-in-newly-diagnosed-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Nadeeka N W Dissanayaka, Rachael A Lawson, Alison J Yarnall, Gordon W Duncan, David P Breen, Tien K Khoo, Roger A Barker, David J Burn
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are prevalent non-motor manifestations of Parkinson's disease (PD). While few studies have demonstrated a possible link between cognitive dysfunction and anxiety in PD, to our knowledge, no studies have directly examined the association between them. This study investigated the association between anxiety and cognitive deficits in newly diagnosed PD patients. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed PD (N = 185) were recruited from community and outpatient clinics...
January 4, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108212/do-educational-seminars-for-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-improve-attitudes-toward-the-value-of-vaccination
#20
Kay Roussos-Ross, L Foster, H V Peterson, Julie Decesare
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness and impact of educational seminars given at two sites in North-Central Florida on the knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV), perceived barriers to HPV vaccination, and willingness to vaccinate against HPV in eligible patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This study was performed in conjunction with the Committee for the Healthcare of Underserved Women, District XII, American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
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