Read by QxMD icon Read

Hiv single tablet

Aditya H Gaur, Hilda Kizito, Wasana Prasitsueubsai, Natella Rakhmanina, Mohammed Rassool, Rana Chakraborty, Jagmohan Batra, Pope Kosalaraksa, Wicharn Luesomboon, Danielle Porter, Yongwu Shao, Michael Myers, Lillian Ting, Devi SenGupta, Erin Quirk, Martin S Rhee
BACKGROUND: The prodrug tenofovir alafenamide is associated with improved renal and bone safety compared with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. We aimed to assess safety, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of this single-tablet, fixed-dose combination of elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide in HIV-infected, treatment-naive adolescents. METHODS: We did a 48 week, single-arm, open-label trial in treatment-naive adolescents with HIV from ten hospital clinics in South Africa, Thailand, Uganda, and the USA...
October 17, 2016: Lancet HIV
Sarah L Greig
A once-daily, single-tablet, pangenotypic regimen comprising the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5B polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir and the HCV NS5A inhibitor velpatasvir (sofosbuvir/velpatasvir; Epclusa(®)) was recently approved for the treatment of adults with chronic HCV genotype 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 infection in the USA, EU and Canada. In the phase III ASTRAL trials, once-daily oral sofosbuvir/velpatasvir for 12 weeks provided very high rates of sustained virological response at 12 weeks post treatment (SVR12) in treatment-naive and -experienced patients with chronic HCV genotype 1-6 infection, including those with compensated cirrhosis or HIV-1 co-infection...
October 11, 2016: Drugs
Jun Yong Choi, Somnuek Sungkanuparph, Thanomsak Anekthananon, Paul Sax, Edwin DeJesus, Howard Edelstein, Mark Nelson, Jennifer DeMorin, Hui C Liu, Raji Swamy, Joonwoo Bahn, Sunjin Hwang, Sang Youn Yang, Christopher Ng, David Piontkowsky
The efficacy and safety of a single tablet regimen (STR) of elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (E/C/F/TDF) were analyzed in Phase 3 clinical trials in antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve and ART-experienced Asian subjects infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1. Studies GS-US-236-102 and GS-US-236-103 were randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 144-week studies conducted in ART-naïve subjects, comparing E/C/F/TDF versus efavirenz (EFV)/F/TDF or ritonavir-boosted atazanavir (ATV+RTV) plus emtricitabine/tenofovir DF (F/TDF), respectively...
September 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
Sean E Collins, Philip M Grant, Francois Uwinkindi, Annie Talbot, Eric Seruyange, Deborah Slamowitz, Adeline Mugeni, Eric Remera, Simon Pierre Niyonsenga, Josbert Nyirimigabo, Jean Paul Uwizihiwe, Pierre Dongier, Ribakare Muhayimpundu, Jean-Baptiste Mazarati, Andrew Zolopa, Sabin Nsanzimana
Background.  Many human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients remain on nevirapine-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) despite safety and efficacy concerns. Switching to a rilpivirine-based regimen is an alternative, but there is little experience with rilpivirine in sub-Saharan Africa where induction of rilpivirine metabolism by nevirapine, HIV subtype, and dietary differences could potentially impact efficacy. Methods.  We conducted an open-label noninferiority study of virologically suppressed (HIV-1 ribonucleic acid [RNA] < 50 copies/mL) HIV-1-infected Rwandan adults taking nevirapine plus 2 nucleos(t)ide reverse-transcriptase inhibitors...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Rajesh Krishna, Lilly East, Patrick Larson, Chandni Valiathan, Kathleen Deschamps, Julie Ann Luk, Crystal Bethel-Brown, Helen Manthos, John Brejda, Michael Gartner
Raltegravir is a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 integrase strand transfer inhibitor currently marketed at a dose of 400 mg twice-daily (BID). Raltegravir 1200 mg once-daily (QD) [investigational QD formulation of 2 x 600 mg tablets; QD RAL] was found to be generally well tolerated and non-inferior to the marketed 400 mg BID dose at 48 weeks in a Phase 3 trial. Since raltegravir is eliminated mainly by metabolism via a uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A1-mediated glucuronidation pathway, coadministration of UGT1A1 inhibitors may increase plasma levels of QD RAL...
September 30, 2016: Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition
Laura Comi, Franco Maggiolo
INTRODUCTION: Since the last revision of both European and American guidelines (EACS and DHHS), new data from clinical trials and cohort studies, as well as experience in clinical practice, have prompted significant changes to the list of recommended/preferred options for the treatment of HIV infected patients, highlighted the role of INSTI-based regimens. Dolutegravir (DTG) in combination with abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) is one of these preferred regimens in multiple clinical scenarios, including treatment-naive and treatment-experienced patients...
October 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Josep M Llibre, Elisa de Lazzari, Jean-Michel Molina, Sébastien Gallien, Juan Gonzalez-García, Arkaitz Imaz, Daniel Podzamczer, Bonaventura Clotet, Pere Domingo, Josep M Gatell
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of single-tablet regimens (STR) and multiple-tablet regimens (MTR) with exactly the same or different components. METHODS: A study was conducted on HIV-1-infected antiretroviral-naïve patients from 6 Spanish or French centers, who were started on treatment with STR-Atripla(®), or the same components separately (MTR-SC), or a different MTR (MTR-Other). Effectiveness was measured as percentage of HIV-RNA <50copies/mL at 48 weeks (ITT)...
August 29, 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Rocio Jiménez-Galán, Maria-Rosa Cantudo Cuenca, María Aguas Robustillo-Cortés, Y Borrego Izquierdo, Carmen Victoria Almeida-Gonzalez, Ramón Morillo-Verdugo
BACKGROUND: Decreased antiretroviral therapy persistence is associated with increased rates of virologic failure, development of antiretroviral resistance, and increased morbidity and mortality. Different therapeutic strategies, such as single-tablet regimens (STR) and less-drug regimens (LDR), have been developed in order to simplify antiretroviral therapy (ART) and increase persistence. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to compare antiretroviral persistence among patients receiving STRs and patients receiving LDRs...
July 2016: Farmacia Hospitalaria
Kanna Hayashi, Evan Wood, Thomas Kerr, Huiru Dong, Paul Nguyen, Cathy M Puskas, Silvia Guillemi, Julio S G Montaner, Michael-John Milloy
BACKGROUND: Crack cocaine use is known to contribute to poor adherence to antiretroviral medications; however, little is known about facilitators of or barriers to effective HIV treatment use among HIV-infected crack cocaine users. We sought to identify correlates of optimal pharmacy refill adherence for antiretroviral medications and plasma HIV RNA viral load (pVL) suppression among this population. METHODS: Data from a prospective cohort of HIV-positive people who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, Canada, were linked to comprehensive HIV clinical monitoring and pharmacy dispensation records...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Antonio Di Biagio, Niccolò Riccardi, Lucia Taramasso, Amedeo Capetti, Giovanni Cenderello, Alessio Signori, Paola Vitiello, Michele Guerra, Giuseppe Vittorio de Socio, Giovanni Cassola, Tiziano Quirino, Claudio Viscoli
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy, tolerability and potential savings of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) simplification from an unboosted protease inhibitor (PI) regimen with atazanavir or fosamprenavir to a single-tablet regimen (STR) based on rilpivirine/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (RPV/FTC/TDF) among HIV-1-infected patients with HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL. This was a retrospective, multicentre, open-label, 12-week trial. Plasma HIV-1-RNA levels, CD4+ cell counts, cholesterol, triglycerides, bilirubin, glycaemia, creatinine and physical examination were performed at baseline and at scheduled follow-up...
August 17, 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Kathleen Squires, Cissy Kityo, Sally Hodder, Margaret Johnson, Evgeny Voronin, Debbie Hagins, Anchalee Avihingsanon, Ellen Koenig, Shuping Jiang, Kirsten White, Andrew Cheng, Javier Szwarcberg, Huyen Cao
BACKGROUND: Women are under-represented in HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) studies. Guidelines for selection of ART as initial therapy in patients with HIV-1 infection do not contain sex-specific treatment. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of the single tablet integrase inhibitor regimen containing elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate compared with a boosted protease inhibitor regimen of ritonavir-boosted atazanavir with emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate...
September 2016: Lancet HIV
Yiyun Chen, Kun Chen, Seth C Kalichman
BACKGROUND: Barriers to HIV medication adherence may differ by levels of dosing schedules. PURPOSE: The current study examined adherence barriers associated with medication regimen complexity and simplification. METHODS: A total of 755 people living with HIV currently taking anti-retroviral therapy were recruited from community services in Atlanta, Georgia. Participants completed audio-computer-assisted self-interviews that assessed demographic and behavioral characteristics, provided their HIV viral load obtained from their health care provider, and completed unannounced phone-based pill counts to monitor medication adherence over 1 month...
August 10, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
A Imaz, J Niubó, A D Kashuba, E Ferrer, C Sykes, N Rozas, L Acerete, A Vila, D Podzamczer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to quantify elvitegravir (EVG) concentrations in the semen of HIV-1-infected men receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) consisting of an elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir (EVG/COBI/FTC/TDF) single-tablet regimen. METHODS: A phase IV, cross-sectional study was carried out including HIV-1-infected male adults with suppressed plasma HIV-1 RNA who switched ART to EVG/COBI/FTC/TDF. Total EVG concentrations at the end of the dosing interval (C24 h ) and HIV-1 RNA were measured in paired seminal plasma (SP) and blood plasma (BP) samples 4 weeks after switching to EVG/COBI/FTC/TDF...
August 1, 2016: HIV Medicine
Amanda K Gibson, Bhavik M Shah, Puja H Nambiar, Jason J Schafer
OBJECTIVE: To review the pharmacology, efficacy, safety, and place in therapy for tenofovir alafenamide (TAF). DATA SOURCES: A search using PubMed was conducted (2004 to May 2016) using the following keywords: tenofovir alafenamide, TAF, and GS-7340 Articles were evaluated for content, and bibliographies were reviewed. Data available exclusively as abstracts from major infectious diseases and HIV conferences were also evaluated for inclusion. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Studies included were in vitro investigations; phase I, II, and III clinical trials; and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic evaluations...
July 26, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Esther A N Engelhard, Colette Smit, Sigrid C J M Vervoort, Peter J Smit, Pythia T Nieuwkerk, Frank P Kroon, Peter Reiss, Kees Brinkman, Suzanne E Geerlings
BACKGROUND: The costs of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) for HIV, consisting of separate, particularly generic, components (multiple-tablet regimens, MTR) are generally much lower than those of single-tablet regimens (STR) comprising the same active ingredients. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether patients would be willing to take MTR, once-daily, instead of STR, with the goal of reducing general healthcare costs. In addition, we aimed to examine whether willingness was associated with particular patient characteristics...
June 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
Camille Bernaud, Lydie Khatchatourian, Audrey Rodallec, Nolwenn Hall, Philippe Perre, Marine Morrier, Solène Pineau, Thomas Jovelin, Elisabeth André-Garnier, François Raffi, Clotilde Allavena
BACKGROUND: Tenofovir DF/FTC/rilpivirine (TDF/FTC/RPV) is a single tablet regimen considered as safe and efficacious in HIV population as long as food requirements, concomitant PPI administration, and compromised antiviral activity have been carefully reviewed. We evaluated TDF/FTC/RPV in a real-life setting with focus on clinical and virological outcomes. METHODS: OCEAN II is a prospective, two-centre observational study. From September 2012 to December 2013, antiretroviral-naive patients with HIV RNA <100,000 copies/mL or wishing to switch for simplification were considered for TDF/FTC/RPV...
October 2016: Infectious Diseases
Marcel Nkuize, Thomas Sersté, Michel Buset, Jean-Pierre Mulkay
Chronic hepatitis C treatment has continued to evolve, and interferon-free, oral treatment with direct-acting antiviral agents is the current standard of care. Recently, a new treatment, which is a combination of two direct-acting antiviral agents, ledipasvir 90 mg (anti-NS5A) and sofosbuvir 400 mg (anti-NS5B), has been approved in the US and the European Union for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C viral infection. In Phase III trials among chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 1 monoinfected (treatment-naïve, treatment-experienced, and with advanced liver disease or posttransplant) patients and HIV-hepatitis C virus coinfected patients, the ledipasvir-sofosbuvir fixed-dose combination is associated with a higher rate of sustained virologic response at 12 weeks after therapy has ceased...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Lola Falcon-Neyra, Claudia Palladino, María Luisa Navarro Gómez, Pere Soler-Palacín, María Isabel González-Tomé, Santiago J De Ory, Marie Antoinette Frick, Clàudia Fortuny, Antoni Noguera-Julian, Elena Bermúdez Moreno, Juan Luis Santos, Peter Olbrich, Luis F López-Cortés, Verónica Briz, Olaf Neth
To assess the safety and efficacy of rilpivirine in combination with emtricitabine and tenofovir (RPV/FTC/TDF) as a once-daily single-tablet regimen (STR) in HIV-1-infected children and adolescents we performed a multicenter case series study of HIV-1-infected patients. Inclusion criteria were initiation of therapy with RPV/FTC/TDF before the age of 18. Patients were divided into undetectable viral load (uVL) group, HIV-1 RNA < 20 copies/mL on stable combined antiretroviral therapy (cART), and detectable viral load (dVL) group, HIV-1 RNA ≥ 20 copies/mL at RPV/FTC/TDF initiation...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Josep M Llibre, Andrew Hill
Most HIV-infected subjects will receive a treatment regimen including abacavir or tenofovir. Therefore, clarifying if there is an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among those exposed to abacavir is of the utmost importance. Due to the low frequency of AMI in this young population (2-5 per 1000 patients/year), efforts to clarify this have been quite controversial. While some observational cohorts have found a statistically significant association, others have not. Meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials offering the highest scientific evidence found no association at all, but with a limited statistical power to definitely rule out a small effect...
August 2016: Antiviral Research
Nicolas A Margot, Yang Liu, Michael D Miller, Christian Callebaut
Tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) is a new oral prodrug of tenofovir (TFV) recently approved for the treatment of HIV-1 as part of the single-tablet regimen containing elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and TAF. Clinical dosing with TAF vs. tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) has shown improved bone and kidney safety, and has been associated with an increased concentration of the anti-HIV active moiety tenofovir diphosphate (TFV-DP) in the PBMCs of treated patients and a reduction of TFV systemic exposure. We have studied the potential benefit of this increased concentration of TFV-DP observed clinically in an in vitro model system...
August 2016: Antiviral Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"