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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548547/facing-a-health-threat-in-a-complex-information-environment-a-national-representative-survey-examining-american-adults-behavioral-responses-to-the-2009-2010-a-h1n1-pandemic
#1
Leesa Lin, Rachel F McCloud, Minsoo Jung, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
BACKGROUND: Recent A(H1N1) studies suggest that intrapersonal and interpersonal factors may exert influence on people's preventive behaviors for avoiding the flu during pandemics. AIMS: Nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) and vaccinations play key roles in containing disease transmission during a pandemic. We examined how intrapersonal and interpersonal factors influenced adoption of NPIs and vaccine uptake during the A(H1N1) pandemic of 2009. METHOD: The data come from a nationally representative sample survey of 1,569 American adults...
May 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548474/aortic-aneurysm-endovascular-treatment-with-the-parallel-graft-technique-from-the-aortic-arch-to-the-iliac-axis
#2
Gian F Fadda, Mario Marino, Holta Kasemi, Costantino L DI Angelo, Carlo P Dionisi, Valeria Cammalleri, Carlo Setacci
BACKGROUND: The chimney technique has been developed for the treatment of complex aortic aneurysms. We analyzed the midterm to long-term outcomes of this approach from a single- centre experience. METHODS: From October 2008 to July 2016, 58 patients underwent endovascular aortic aneurysm repair using the chimney technique. Indications for treatment were thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) (n = 11), thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) (n = 2), pararenal aortic aneurysm (PAAA) (n= 15), aortoiliac/isolated hypogastric artery aneurysm (n = 25), type I endoleak after previous TEVAR/EVAR (n=4), proximal pseudoaneurysm after AAA open repair (n = 1)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547575/incomplete-burst-fractures-of-the-thoracolumbar-spine-a-review-of-literature
#3
REVIEW
U J Spiegl, C Josten, B M Devitt, C-E Heyde
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to analyze the biomechanical basis of incomplete burst fractures of the thoracolumbar spine, summarize the available treatment options with evidence from the literature, and to propose a method to differentiate fracture severity. METHODS: The injury pattern, classification, and treatment strategies of incomplete burst fractures of the thoracolumbal spine have been described following a review of the literature. All level I-III studies, studies with long-term results and comparative studies were included and summarized...
May 25, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547097/patient-completed-or-symptom-based-screening-tools-for-endometriosis-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Eric Surrey, Cathryn M Carter, Ahmed M Soliman, Shahnaz Khan, Dana B DiBenedetti, Michael C Snabes
PURPOSE: The objective of this review was to evaluate existing patient-completed screening questionnaires and/or symptom-based predictive models with respect to their potential for use as screening tools for endometriosis in adult women. Validated instruments were of particular interest. METHODS: We conducted structured searches of PubMed and targeted searches of the gray literature to identify studies reporting on screening instruments used in endometriosis. Studies were screened according to inclusion and exclusion criteria that followed the PICOS (population, intervention, comparison, outcomes, study design) framework...
May 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546322/poststroke-fatigue-emerging-evidence-and-approaches-to-management-a-scientific-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#5
REVIEW
Janice L Hinkle, Kyra J Becker, Jong S Kim, Smi Choi-Kwon, Karen L Saban, Norma McNair, Gillian E Mead
At least half of all stroke survivors experience fatigue; thus, it is a common cause of concern for patients, caregivers, and clinicians after stroke. This scientific statement provides an international perspective on the emerging evidence surrounding the incidence, prevalence, quality of life, and complex pathogenesis of poststroke fatigue. Evidence for pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions for management are reviewed, as well as the effects of poststroke fatigue on both stroke survivors and caregivers...
May 25, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545481/therapeutic-strategies-to-address-neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-deficiency-and-the-loss-of-nitric-oxide-bioavailability-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#6
REVIEW
Cara A Timpani, Alan Hayes, Emma Rybalka
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy is a rare and fatal neuromuscular disease in which the absence of dystrophin from the muscle membrane induces a secondary loss of neuronal nitric oxide synthase and the muscles capacity for endogenous nitric oxide synthesis. Since nitric oxide is a potent regulator of skeletal muscle metabolism, mass, function and regeneration, the loss of nitric oxide bioavailability is likely a key contributor to the chronic pathological wasting evident in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. As such, various therapeutic interventions to re-establish either the neuronal nitric oxide synthase protein deficit or the consequential loss of nitric oxide synthesis and bioavailability have been investigated in both animal models of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy and in human clinical trials...
May 25, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545458/determinants-of-eating-at-local-and-western-fast-food-venues-in-an-urban-asian-population-a-mixed-methods-approach
#7
Nasheen Naidoo, Rob M van Dam, Sheryl Ng, Chuen Seng Tan, Shiqi Chen, Jia Yi Lim, Mei Fen Chan, Ling Chew, Salome A Rebello
BACKGROUND: Like several Southeast Asian countries, Singapore has a complex eating-out environment and a rising eating-out prevalence. However the determinants and drivers of eating-out in urban Asian environments are poorly understood. METHODS: We examined the socio-demographic characteristics of persons who frequently ate away from home in local eateries called hawker centres and Western fast-food restaurants, using data from 1647 Singaporean adults participating in the National Nutrition Survey (NNS) 2010...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545425/mental-health-training-programmes-for-non-mental-health-trained-professionals-coming-into-contact-with-people-with-mental-ill-health-a-systematic-review-of-effectiveness
#8
Alison Booth, Arabella Scantlebury, Adwoa Hughes-Morley, Natasha Mitchell, Kath Wright, William Scott, Catriona McDaid
BACKGROUND: The police and others in occupations where they come into close contact with people experiencing/with mental ill health, often have to manage difficult and complex situations. Training is needed to equip them to recognise and assist when someone has a mental health issue or learning/intellectual disability. We undertook a systematic review of the effectiveness of training programmes aimed at increasing knowledge, changing behaviour and/or attitudes of the trainees with regard to mental ill health, mental vulnerability, and learning disabilities...
May 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545417/community-level-characteristics-and-environmental-factors-of-child-respiratory-illnesses-in-southern-arizona
#9
Nathan Lothrop, Khaleel Hussaini, Dean Billheimer, Paloma Beamer
BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory illnesses (LRIs) and asthma are common diseases in children <5 years of age. Few studies have investigated the relationships between multiple, home-based social and environmental risk factors and asthma and LRIs in children. Of those that have, none have focused exclusively on children <5 years of age, who are more physiologically vulnerable and spend more time at home compared to older children. Further, no studies have done so at the community level...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545412/how-do-population-general-practice-and-hospital-factors-influence-ambulatory-care-sensitive-admissions-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
John Busby, Sarah Purdy, William Hollingworth
BACKGROUND: Reducing unplanned hospital admissions is a key priority within the UK and other healthcare systems, however it remains uncertain how this can be achieved. This paper explores the relationship between unplanned ambulatory care sensitive condition (ACSC) admission rates and population, general practice and hospital characteristics. Additionally, we investigated if these factors had a differential impact across 28 conditions. METHODS: We used the English Hospital Episode Statistics to calculate the number of unplanned ACSC hospital admissions for 28 conditions at 8,029 general practices during 2011/12...
May 25, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544979/preoperative-left-hepatic-lobe-devascularisation-to-minimize-perioperative-bleeding-in-a-jehovah-s-witness-undergoing-left-hepatectomy
#11
Laurence Weinberg, Georgina Hanus, Jonathan Banting, Diana Abu-Ssaydeh, Manfred Spanger, Su Kah Goh, Vijayaragavan Muralidharan
INTRODUCTION: Major liver resection in a Jehovah's Witness presents unique clinical challenges requiring multimodal blood minimization strategies to reduce perioperative complications. We report a case where complete left hepatic lobe devascularisation was undertaken to minimize bleeding in a Jehovah's Witness undergoing left hepatectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 65-year-old male Jehovah's Witness presented for open left hepatectomy for a large left-sided hepatocellular carcinoma involving segment IV of the liver...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544768/examining-practical-nursing-experiences-to-discover-ways-in-which-to-retain-and-invigorate-the-remaining-functions-of-the-elderly-with-a-demented-and-complex-disability-in-nursing-homes
#12
Min-Sun Park, Sun-Young Lim, Eun-Young Kim, Su-Jung Lee, Sung-Ok Chang
AIM: The bedridden elderly with moderate-to-severe dementia account for a large proportion of the residents in nursing homes and form a specialized group requiring customized care in order to encourage their remaining functions, which determine the quality of their residual life. The purpose of this study was to search for ways to invigorate and foster the remaining functions of this complex-disability group, based on practical nursing strategies in nursing homes. METHODS: The qualitative thematic analysis was done by conducting in-depth interviews with 29 nurses working at 11 different nursing homes in South Korea...
May 23, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544435/solid-renal-masses-in-transplanted-allograft-kidneys-a-closer-look-at-the-epidemiology-and-management
#13
John J Griffith, Katherine A Amin, Nikhil Waingankar, Susan M Lerner, Veronica Delaney, Scott A Ames, Ketan Badani, Michael A Palese, Reza Mehrazin
The objective of this review is to explore the available literature on solid renal masses (SRM) in transplant allograft kidneys to better understand the epidemiology and management of these tumors. A literature review using PubMed was performed according to the PRISMA methodology. Fifty-six relevant studies were identified from 1988-2015. A total of 174 SRMs in 163 patients, were identified with a mean tumor size of 2.75 cm (0.5-9.0cm). Tumor histology was available in 164 (94.3%) tumors: clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) (45...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544158/molecular-and-physiological-manifestations-and-measurement-of-aging-in-humans
#14
REVIEW
Sadiya S Khan, Benjamin D Singer, Douglas E Vaughan
Biological aging is associated with a reduction in the reparative and regenerative potential in tissues and organs. This reduction manifests as a decreased physiological reserve in response to stress (termed homeostenosis) and a time-dependent failure of complex molecular mechanisms that cumulatively create disorder. Aging inevitably occurs with time in all organisms and emerges on a molecular, cellular, organ, and organismal level with genetic, epigenetic, and environmental modulators. Individuals with the same chronological age exhibit differential trajectories of age-related decline, and it follows that we should assess biological age distinctly from chronological age...
May 23, 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544048/use-of-electronic-health-record-clinical-decision-support-tool-for-hcv-birth-cohort-screening
#15
David N Fitch, Ajay Dharod, Claudia L Campos, Marina Núñez
The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended one-time HCV testing for all patients in the 1945-1965 birth cohort, given the high hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence in this group [1]. In response, various interventions differing in complexity and cost have been developed. Goel et al, evaluated a multifaceted intervention sequentially implemented and report poor response to the electronic health record (EHR) alert and a very successful HCV screening, increased by 137%, after adding other tools including physician education, data feedback, and patient navigation [2]...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542335/interventions-that-effectively-target-anopheles-funestus-mosquitoes-could-significantly-improve-control-of-persistent-malaria-transmission-in-south-eastern-tanzania
#16
Emmanuel W Kaindoa, Nancy S Matowo, Halfan S Ngowo, Gustav Mkandawile, Arnold Mmbando, Marcelina Finda, Fredros O Okumu
Malaria is transmitted by many Anopheles species whose proportionate contributions vary across settings. We re-assessed the roles of Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles funestus, and examined potential benefits of species-specific interventions in an area in south-eastern Tanzania, where malaria transmission persists, four years after mass distribution of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs). Monthly mosquito sampling was done in randomly selected households in three villages using CDC light traps and back-pack aspirators, between January-2015 and January-2016, four years after the last mass distribution of LLINs in 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542280/analysing-human-mobility-patterns-of-hiking-activities-through-complex-network-theory
#17
Isaac Lera, Toni Pérez, Carlos Guerrero, Víctor M Eguíluz, Carlos Juiz
The exploitation of high volume of geolocalized data from social sport tracking applications of outdoor activities can be useful for natural resource planning and to understand the human mobility patterns during leisure activities. This geolocalized data represents the selection of hike activities according to subjective and objective factors such as personal goals, personal abilities, trail conditions or weather conditions. In our approach, human mobility patterns are analysed from trajectories which are generated by hikers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542033/utility-of-prose-device-in-the-management-of-complex-oculoplastic-pathology
#18
Stacy M Scofield-Kaplan, Kristen E Dunbar, Ashley A Campbell, Michael Kazim
PURPOSE: To describe the use of Prosthetic Replacement of the Ocular Surface Ecosystem (PROSE) device in the management of complex oculoplastic pathology. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of individuals over 18 years of age who were referred and successfully fit with the PROSE scleral device between January 1995 and June 2015. RESULTS: Nine cases were identified that had complex oculoplastic disease and severe corneal surface disease...
May 24, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541749/multilevel-barriers-to-the-successful-implementation-of-lung-cancer-screening-why-does-it-have-to-be-so-hard
#19
Lisa Carter-Harris, Michael K Gould
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography for long-term current and former smokers. However, lung cancer screening and its implementation is a complex issue. Screening has associated risks and potential harms that complicate the decision to screen for the patient, add to the already time-constrained clinical encounter for the provider, and present logistical and sociopolitical challenges in creating and implementing lung cancer screening programs for the health care system...
May 25, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541594/interatrial-shunt-device-iasd%C3%A2-implantation-a-novel-treatment-method-for-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#20
Michał Kosowski, Piotr Kübler, Adam Kołodziej, Bartosz Krakowiak, Dorota Kustrzycka-Kratochwil, Janusz Sławin, Mateusz Sokolski, Jan Biegus, Robert Zymliński, Waldemar Banasiak, Piotr Ponikowski, Krzysztof Reczuch
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a condition with complex pathophysiology and clinical profile. No treatment has been proven to reduce mortality or reduce morbidity in a meaningful way. In the era of percutaneous cardiac interventions, a novel method of reducing left atrial pressure by creating an iatrogenic interatrial shunt has been introduced. We present a report of implantation of InterAtrial Shunt Device (IASD®) in three consecutive patients.
May 25, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
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