keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

essential surgical knowledge

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812159/anatomical-and-embryological-perspectives-in-laparoscopic-complete-mesocoloic-excision-of-splenic-flexure-cancers
#1
Takeru Matsuda, Yasuo Sumi, Kimihiro Yamashita, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Masashi Yamamoto, Yoshiko Matsuda, Shingo Kanaji, Taro Oshikiri, Tetsu Nakamura, Satoshi Suzuki, Yoshihiro Kakeji
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic complete mesocoloic excision (CME) with central vascular ligation for splenic flexure cancer is technically challenging because of its anatomical complexity. Although embryological and anatomical consideration should be helpful to perform CME in colorectal cancer surgery, such studies on the splenic flexure are lacking. METHODS: The splenic flexure is located embryologically between the terminal portion of the midgut and the beginning of the hindgut, and is supplied by the superior mesenteric and inferior mesenteric arteries...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809386/complications-of-bariatric-surgery-what-you-can-expect-to-see-in-your-gi-practice
#2
REVIEW
Allison R Schulman, Christopher C Thompson
Obesity is one of the most significant health problems worldwide. Bariatric surgery has become one of the fastest growing operative procedures and has gained acceptance as the leading option for weight-loss. Despite improvement in the performance of bariatric surgical procedures, complications are not uncommon. There are a number of unique complications that arise in this patient population and require specific knowledge for proper management. Furthermore, conditions unrelated to the altered anatomy typically require a different management strategy...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779949/cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-hiv
#3
REVIEW
Flavia Ballocca, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Sebastiano Gili, Walter Grosso Marra, Fiorenzo Gaita
With the progressive increase in life expectancy of HIV-positive patient, thanks to "highly active antiretroviral therapy" (HAART), new comorbidities, and especially cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are emerging as an important concern. An increased risk of coronary artery disease, often in a younger age, has been observed in this population. The underlying pathophysiology is complex and partially still unclear, with the interaction of viral infection-and systemic inflammation-antiretroviral therapy and traditional risk factors...
June 12, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774251/dorsal-and-volar-surgical-approaches-to-the-metacarpophalangeal-joint-a-comparative-anatomic-study
#4
Eitan Melamed, Nicholas Calotta, Ricardo Bello, Richard M Hinds, John T Capo, Scott Lifchez
BACKGROUND: We compared 3 surgical approaches to the MP joint: a dorsal extensor tendon-splitting approach, a dorsal extensor tendon-reflecting parasagittal approach, and the volar A1 pulley approach. We quantitatively compared each of these approaches by measuring the amount of articular cartilage exposed on the base of the proximal phalanx. We hypothesize that visualization of the articular cartilage of the proximal phalangeal base is enhanced with the volar approach. METHODS: The MP joints of the 32 available digits were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 surgical approaches: extensor tendon splitting (A), extensor tendon reflecting (B), or volar approach (C)...
September 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749026/maxillary-unicystic-ameloblastoma-in-a-6-week-old-filly-evaluated-with-computed-tomography
#5
H L Smith, A J Rosenblatt, W W Suen, H Owen, B J Ahern
CASE REPORT: A 6-week-old Thoroughbred filly was presented for evaluation of an expansile mass overlying the right nasal passage and causing respiratory stertor. On skull radiographs, there was a loculated, soft tissue-opaque mass identified dorsal to the right upper premolars and effacing the right nasal cavity. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a locally extensive mass with relatively benign characteristics located centrally on the tooth root apices of the deciduous second premolar (506)...
August 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740949/good-surgeon-a-search-for-meaning
#6
REVIEW
Andrey L Akopov, Dmitri Y Artioukh
The art and philosophy of surgery are not as often discussed as scientific discoveries and technological advances in the modern era of surgery. Although these are difficult to teach and pass on to the next generations of surgeons they are no less important for training good surgeons and maintaining their high standards. The authors of this review and opinion article tried to define what being a good surgeon really means and to look into the subject by analysing the essential conditions for being a good surgeon and the qualities that such a specialist should possess...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738752/physical-functioning-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-adults-with-amyoplasia-the-most-common-form-of-arthrogryposis-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Unni Steen, Lena Lande Wekre, Nina Køpke Vøllestad
BACKGROUND: Amyoplasia, the most common form of arthrogryposis is characterized by typical deformities of the joints and replacement of skeletal muscles by fibrous tissue and fat. There is sparse literature on adaptation to adult life with amyoplasia. PURPOSE: To describe physical function and activity strategies in adults with amyoplasia, as this knowledge is important for relevant function-enhancing measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two adults (20-91 years) with amyoplasia participated...
July 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728322/perioperative-hypertension-management-during-facelift-under-local-anesthesia-with-intravenous-hypnotics
#8
Ki Ho Chung, Myeong Soo Cho, Hoon Jin
Perioperative hypertension is a phenomenon in which a surgical patient's blood pressure temporarily increases throughout the preoperative and postoperative periods and remains high until the patient's condition stabilizes. This phenomenon requires immediate treatment not only because it is observed in a majority of patients who are not diagnosed with high blood pressure, but also because occurs in patients with underlying essential hypertension who show a sharp increase in their blood pressure. The most common complication following facelift surgery is hematoma, and the most critical risk factor that causes hematoma is elevated systolic blood pressure...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717978/-treatment-strategy-and-planning-for-pilon-fractures
#9
REVIEW
Thomas Mittlmeier, Alice Wichelhaus
BACKGROUND: Pilon fractures are mainly severe and prognostically serious injuries with a high rate of relevant soft tissue involvement. The adequate decision making and choice of treatment in the early phase of trauma are of paramount importance for the final outcome. This essentially encompasses the management of the soft tissue damage, the surgical planning and the differentiated selection of procedures. GOALS/MATERIAL AND METHODS: Most concepts of staged treatment nowadays offer a wide range of options which are integrated into expert-based algorithms...
July 17, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717259/a-computerized-tutor-prototype-for-prostate-cryotherapy-key-building-blocks-and-system-evaluation
#10
Yoed Rabin, Kenji Shimada, Purva Joshi, Anjali Sehrawat, Robert Keelan, Dona M Wilfong, James T McCormick
This paper focuses on the evaluation of a prototype for a computer-based tutoring system for prostate cryosurgery, while reviewing its key building blocks and their benchmark performance. The tutoring system lists geometrical constraints of cryoprobe placement, displays a rendered shape of the prostate, simulates cryoprobe insertion, enables distance measurements, simulates the corresponding thermal history, and evaluates the mismatch between the target region shape and a pre-selected planning isotherm. The quality of trainee planning is measured in comparison with a computer-generated plan, created for each case study by a previously developed planning algorithm, known as bubble-packing...
January 28, 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716637/update-on-the-management-of-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#11
Y Levy-Zauberman, A-G Pourcelot, P Capmas, H Fernandez
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is a common complaint that affects large numbers of women from puberty to menopause. It negatively affects health by causing anemia, and impacts the quality of life of women affected. AUB also has an economic impact for both women and society. Therefore, it should not be under- or overestimate and diagnosis, investigations and treatment should be proposed, taking into account the scientific data available in the current state of medical knowledge. Using the new terminology and etiologic classification of AUB is essential to communicate properly around the subject...
July 15, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706757/biological-involvement-of-micrornas-in-proliferative-vitreoretinopathy
#12
REVIEW
Hiroki Kaneko, Hiroko Terasaki
Even with a high surgical success rate for retinal detachment and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) supported by the robust improvement in vitrectomy surgery and its related devices, certain questions still remain for the pathogenesis and treatment of PVR. One of the important biological events in PVR is epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. MicroRNAs are noncoding, small, single-strand RNAs that posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression and have essential roles in homeostasis and pathogenesis in many diseases...
July 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703900/rapid-genetic-counseling-and-testing-in-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer-patients-and-health-professionals-attitudes-experiences-and-evaluation-of-effects-on-treatment-decision-making
#13
Marijke R Wevers, Neil K Aaronson, Eveline M A Bleiker, Daniela E E Hahn, Titia Brouwer, Thijs van Dalen, Evert B Theunissen, Bart van Ooijen, Marnix A de Roos, Paul J Borgstein, Bart C Vrouenraets, Eline Vriens, Wim H Bouma, Herman Rijna, Johannes P Vente, Marianne A Kuenen, Jacoline van der Sanden-Melis, Arjen J Witkamp, Emiel J Th Rutgers, Senno Verhoef, Margreet G E M Ausems
BACKGROUND: Rapid genetic counseling and testing (RGCT) in newly diagnosed high-risk breast cancer (BC) patients may influence surgical treatment decisions. To successfully integrate RGCT in practice, knowledge of professionals', and patients' attitudes toward RGCT is essential. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2010, we performed a randomized clinical trial evaluating the impact of RGCT. Attitudes toward and experience with RGCT were assessed in 265 patients (at diagnosis, 6- and 12-month follow-up) and 29 medical professionals (before and after the recruitment period)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694150/the-development-of-a-retroperitoneal-dissection-model
#14
Aisha A Yousuf, Helena Frecker, Abheha Satkunaratnam, Eliane M Shore
Knowledge of ureteric anatomy is essential for ureteric injury prevention in laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. Rates of injury increase with limited surgical experience and reduced surgical volume. Currently, there are no low-fidelity or high-fidelity simulation models for teaching and practicing ureteric dissection. Our goal was to design a laparoscopic simulation model for retroperitoneal anatomy with high face validity that is low-cost and easily reproducible. A low-fidelity 3-dimensional simulation model was developed that represents key anatomic structures encountered during retroperitoneal dissection and ureteric identification...
July 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691756/surgical-specimen-handover-from-the-operating-theatre-to-laboratory-can-we-improve-patient-safety-by-learning-from-aviation-and-other-high-risk-organisations
#15
Peter A Brennan, Marieke T Brands, Lucy Caldwell, Felipe Paiva Fonseca, Nic Turley, Susie Foley, Siavash Rahimi
Essential communication between healthcare staff is considered one of the key requirements for both safety and quality care when patients are handed over from one clinical area to other. This is particularly important in environments such as the operating theatre and intensive care where mistakes can be devastating. Healthcare has learned from other high-risk organisations (HRO) such aviation where the use of checklists and human factors awareness has virtually eliminated human error and mistakes. To our knowledge, little has been published around ways to improve pathology specimen handover following surgery, with pathology request forms often conveying the bare minimum of information to assist the laboratory staff...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691025/protective-and-predisposing-morphological-factors-in-suprascapular-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-a-fundamental-review-based-on-recent-observations
#16
REVIEW
Piotr Łabętowicz, Marek Synder, Mariusz Wojciechowski, Krzysztof Orczyk, Hubert Jezierski, Mirosław Topol, Michał Polguj
Suprascapular nerve entrapment syndrome (SNES) is a neuropathy caused by compression of the nerve along its course. The most common compression sites include the suprascapular notch and the spinoglenoid notch. The aim of this article was to review the anatomical factors influencing the occurrence of SNES in the light of the newest reports. Potential predisposing morphological factors include a V-shaped, narrow, or "deep" suprascapular notch; a band-shaped, bifurcated, or completely ossified superior transverse scapular ligament (STSL); particular arrangements of the suprascapular nerve and vessels at the suprascapular notch...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683719/microbubbles-in-macrocysts-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-assisted-sclerosant-therapy-of-a-congenital-macrocystic-lymphangioma-a-case-report
#17
Carlos Menendez-Castro, Maren Zapke, Fabian Fahlbusch, Heiko von Goessel, Wolfgang Rascher, Jörg Jüngert
BACKGROUND: Congenital cystic lymphangiomas are benign malformations due to a developmental disorder of lymphatic vessels. Besides surgical excision, sclerosant therapy of these lesions by intracavitary injection of OK-432 (Picibanil®), a lyophilized mixture of group A Streptococcus pyogenes, is a common therapeutical option. For an appropriate application of OK-432, a detailed knowledge about the structure and composition of the congenital cystic lymphangioma is essential. SonoVue® is a commercially available contrast agent commonly used in sonography by intravenous and intracavitary application...
July 6, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676164/defect-of-the-eyelids
#18
REVIEW
Guanning Nina Lu, Ron W Pelton, Clinton D Humphrey, John David Kriet
Eyelid defects disrupt the complex natural form and function of the eyelids and present a surgical challenge. Detailed knowledge of eyelid anatomy is essential in evaluating a defect and composing a reconstructive plan. Numerous reconstructive techniques have been described, including primary closure, grafting, and a variety of local flaps. This article describes an updated reconstructive ladder for eyelid defects that can be used in various permutations to solve most eyelid defects.
August 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674584/mesenteric-cyst-in-infancy-presentation-and-management
#19
Samia Belhassen, Braiki Meriem, Laamiri Rachida, Kechiche Nahla, Hidouri Saida, Krichen Imed, Mosbahi Sana, Ksiaa Amine, Sahnoun Lassad, Mekki Mongi, Belguith Mohsen, Nouri Abdellatif
Mesenteric cysts are documented as a rare entity in pediatric population. They are considered as benign intra-abdominal tumors with an unknown etiology. Symptoms are not specific and knowledge of such condition is essential in order to establish a proper management. We report three pediatrics cases of mesenteric cysts managed between 2000 and 2009 in the pediatric surgery Department of Monastir College Hospital. We described the clinical, radiological and operative findings. Two males and a female were managed (age range: 10 days-5years, mean age: 6,3years)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664232/-elbow-dislocation-fractures
#20
S Siebenlist, K F Braun
The treatment of complex elbow dislocation fractures is a challenge to both the treating surgeon as well as to the patient due to the complex bony and soft tissue anatomy of the joint. In order to establish an expedient treatment algorithm, all osseous and ligamentous injuries need to be thoroughly assessed. Furthermore, a detailed knowledge of the joint-stabilizing structures, practicable surgical approaches as well as the possible techniques for fracture fixation and/or arthroplasty are essential to facilitate early rehabilitation of the elbow and avoid injury-related complications...
July 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
keyword
keyword
58356
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"