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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441667/significance-of-user-participation-in-a-hospital-information-system-success-insights-from-a-case-study
#1
Naveed Saleem, Douglas Steel, Gokhan Gercek, Ashish Chandra
User participation in the development of a system is universally prescribed as an effective strategy to ensure the success of the resultant system. However, the existing literature on the merits of user participation only provides equivocal evidence. Various analyses of this literature point out that this equivocal evidence may be due to inconsistent operational measures of the user participation and system success constructs. Planned organizational change and participative decision making, the underlying paradigms of user participation construct, suggest that the development of some information systems may require blending of users' system-related functional expertise and developers' technical expertise to ensure system success...
April 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441452/systematic-review-finds-that-study-data-not-published-in-full-text-articles-have-unclear-impact-on-meta-analyses-results-in-medical-research
#2
Christine M Schmucker, Anette Blümle, Lisa K Schell, Guido Schwarzer, Patrick Oeller, Laura Cabrera, Erik von Elm, Matthias Briel, Joerg J Meerpohl
BACKGROUND: A meta-analysis as part of a systematic review aims to provide a thorough, comprehensive and unbiased statistical summary of data from the literature. However, relevant study results could be missing from a meta-analysis because of selective publication and inadequate dissemination. If missing outcome data differ systematically from published ones, a meta-analysis will be biased with an inaccurate assessment of the intervention effect. As part of the EU-funded OPEN project (www...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441313/clinical-evidence-for-spinal-cord-stimulation-for-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-fbss-systematic-review
#3
Leonardo Kapural, Erika Peterson, David A Provenzano, Peter Staats
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review OBJECTIVE.: A systematic literature review of the clinical data from prospective studies was undertaken to assess the efficacy of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) in the treatment of FBSS in adults. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: For patients with unrelenting back pain due to mechanical instability of the spine, degenerative disc disease, spinal injury, or deformity, spinal surgery is a well-accepted treatment option; however, even after surgical intervention, many patients continue to experience chronic back pain that can be notoriously difficult to treat...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441301/regenerative-medicine-and-stem-cells-in-dermatology
#4
Eduardo K Moioli, Diana Bolotin, Murad Alam
BACKGROUND: Clinically relevant regenerative medicine is still in its early stages of development. Difficulties in regenerating large-scale and complex structures, the lack of safety data, and the paucity of clinical trials have slowed the process of technological advance. OBJECTIVE: To familiarize the clinician with techniques available in the laboratory and experimental approaches being tested clinically. In addition, a layout is discussed for how dermatologists can lead the way in bringing regenerative medicine to clinical reality...
May 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441274/-meth-mouth-an-interdisciplinary-review-of-a-dental-and-psychiatric-condition
#5
Cornel N Stanciu, Magdalena Glass, Brian C Muzyka, Oliver M Glass
OBJECTIVE: Chronic methamphetamine (MA) users experience many dental problems, a condition characterized as "meth mouth." These devastating effects on dentition is the main reason why many seek professional help. Here, we discuss the effects of MA on oral health and advocate for improved collaboration between dentists and mental health providers. We also introduce a dental evaluation tool with the goal of improving the quality of care for this often-marginalized patient population. METHODS: A Medline literature search (1985-2016) was conducted with keywords "meth mouth," "methamphetamine AND oral health"; "methamphetamine AND dental"; "methamphetamine AND dentist...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441229/preliminary-model-for-the-design-of-a-custom-middle-ear-prosthesis
#6
Brandon Kamrava, Jonathan A Gerstenhaber, Mamta Amin, Yah-El Har-El, Pamela C Roehm
HYPOTHESIS: Custom prostheses could be used to recreate the ossicular chain and improve hearing. BACKGROUND: Ossicular discontinuity or fixation occurs in 55% of cases of conductive hearing loss, with most cases involving the incus. Reconstruction has been achieved by a variety of methods; however, there has been little improvement in hearing outcomes in decades. METHODS: Precise measurements of anatomic dimensions, weight, and center of gravity were taken from 19 cadaveric incudes...
April 24, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441001/-mexican-asthma-guidelines-guima-2017
#7
Désirée Larenas-Linnemann, Jorge Salas-Hernández, Juan Carlos Vázquez-García, Ignacio Ortiz-Aldana, Margarita Fernández-Vega, Blanca Estela Del Río-Navarro, María Del Carmen Cano-Salas, Jorge Agustín Luna-Pech, José Antonio Ortega-Martell, Jade Romero-Lombard, Erika Del Carmen López-Estrada, Jimena Villaverde-Rosas, José Luis Mayorga-Butrón, Mario Humberto Vargas-Becerra, Martín Bedolla-Barajas, Noel Rodríguez-Pérez, Ambrocio Aguilar-Aranda, Carlos Adrián Jiménez-González, Carlos García-Bolaños, Claudia Garrido-Galindo, David Alejandro Mendoza-Hernández, Enrique Mendoza-López, Gerardo López-Pérez, Guillermo Hideo Wakida-Kuzonoki, Héctor Hernán Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Héctor León-Molina, Héctor Martínez-De la Lanza, Héctor Stone-Aguilar, Javier Gómez-Vera, Jorge Olvera-Salinas, José Joel Oyoqui-Flores, José Luis Gálvez-Romero, José Santos Lozano-Sáenz, Juan Ignacio Salgado-Gama, Marcos Alejandro Jiménez-Chobillon, Martha Angélica García-Avilés, Martha Patricia Guinto-Balanzar, Miguel Alejandro Medina-Ávalos, Robert Camargo-Angeles, Rogelio García-Torrentera, Saraí Toral-Freyre, Gabriel Montes-Narváez, Héctor Solorio-Gómez, Juan Rosas-Peña, Sergio Jesús Romero-Tapia, Adela Reyes-Herrera, Francisco Cuevas-Schacht, Joaquín Esquer-Flores, José Antonio Sacre-Hazouri, Lorenzo Compean-Martínez, Pablo Julián Medina-Sánchez, Sergio Garza-Salinas, Carlos Báez-Loyola, Iraís Romero-Alvarado, José Luis Miguel-Reyes, Laura Elizabeth Huerta-Espinosa, Manuel Ángel Correa-Flores, Ricardo Castro-Martínez
BACKGROUND: The need for a national guideline, with a broad basis among specialists and primary care physicians was felt in Mexico, to try unifying asthma management. As several high-quality asthma guidelines exist worldwide, it was decided to select the best three for transculturation. METHODS: Following the internationally recommended methodology for guideline transculturation, ADAPTE, a literature search for asthma guidelines, published 1-1-2007 through 31-12-2015 was conducted...
2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440839/refugee-health-and-rehabilitation-challenges-and-response
#8
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya
BACKGROUND: The current global refugee crisis poses major challenges in providing effective healthcare to refugees, particularly for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) management and disability. This article provides an overview of refugee health and potential challenges from the rehabilitation perspective. METHODS: A literature search (both academic and grey literature) was conducted using medical and health science electronic databases and internet search engines (2001-2016)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440191/cannabis-a-neurological-remedy-or-a-drug-of-abuse-in-india
#9
Pronit Biswas, Pooja Mishra, Devasish Bose, Abhilasha Durgbanshi
Since ancient times it is well documented the use of cannabis as a medicine due to its potential therapeutic activity while subsequently its use as drug of abuse spread increasingly. The present review sought to give an insight in the history of medical and recreational use of cannabis in India. Indian use of cannabis dates back to Vedic time, mostly for the ritualistic and religious purposed, as documented in the ancient literature. It was India that introduced the medical use of cannabis to neighboring countries...
April 23, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439914/how-does-burnout-impact-the-three-components-of-nursing-professional-commitment
#10
Hao-Yuan Chang, Yea-Ing Lotus Shyu, May-Kuen Wong, Tsung-Lan Chu, Yuan-Yu Lo, Ching-I Teng
BACKGROUND: While the impact of burnout on organisational commitment has been widely observed, its impact on nursing professional commitment has not previously been investigated. The literature has clarified that professional commitment has three distinct components: affective, continuance and normative. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the relationships between burnout and the three components of nursing professional commitment. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using questionnaires to collect data in one large medical centre...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439777/survival-trends-of-oligodendroglial-tumor-patients-and-associated-clinical-practice-patterns-a-seer-based-analysis
#11
Michael G Brandel, Ali A Alattar, Brian R Hirshman, Xuezhi Dong, Kate T Carroll, Mir Amaan Ali, Bob S Carter, Clark C Chen
There is limited information on the management strategies and survival trends for oligodendroglioma patients. Here we used the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER, 1999-2012) database to analyze the historical trends of oligodendroglioma patient survival and correlate these trends to evolving clinical practice of radiation therapy (RT) use and surgical practice of gross total resection (GTR). We identified 2689 World Health Organization (WHO) grade II oligodendroglioma (abbreviated as O2) and 1191 WHO grade III oligodendroglioma (abbreviated as O3)...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439743/interdigital-melanoma-simultaneously-affecting-two-neighboring-interdigital-spaces-first-description-in-the-medical-literature
#12
Georgi Tchernev, Ilia Lozev, Ivan Pidakev, Hristo Mangarov, Yavor Grigorov, José Carlos Cardoso, Elisaveta Popchristova, James W Patterson, Torello Lotti, Georgi Pehlivanov, Cristiana Voicu, Victor Gabriel Clatici, Uwe Wollina
BACKGROUND: Interdigital melanoma, as a subtype of acral lentiginous melanoma, is relatively uncommon in the Caucasian population. It frequently goes unrecognized for a prolonged period of time prior to diagnosis, due to its asymptomatic nature and variable clinical appearance. METHODS: We report the case of a 67-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with interdigital malignant melanoma affecting two neighboring interdigital spaces. It had evolved over a period of more than 15 years and had been initially misdiagnosed as tinea pedis due to the macerated appearance of the lesion and a positive mycologic examination...
April 24, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439723/psychiatric-comorbidity-in-alcohol-use-disorders-results-from-the-german-s3-guidelines
#13
REVIEW
U W Preuss, E Gouzoulis-Mayfrank, U Havemann-Reinecke, I Schäfer, M Beutel, E Hoch, K F Mann
Alcohol use disorders (AUD) have a high comorbidity with mental disorders. Vice versa, alcohol consumption plays an important role in affective disorders, anxiety disorders, ADHD, schizophrenic psychosis, and other mental disorders. In developing the current interdisciplinary, evidence-based treatment guideline on screening, diagnostics, and treatment of AUD, available research on comorbid mental diseases in AUD has been compiled to generate recommendations for treatment. The guideline was prepared under the responsibility of the German Association for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics (DGPPN) and the German Association for Addiction Research and Therapy (DG-Sucht)...
April 24, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439613/the-role-of-delayed-head-ct-in-evaluation-of-elderly-blunt-head-trauma-victims-taking-antithrombotic-therapy
#14
D Scantling, C Fischer, R Gruner, A Teichman, B McCracken, J Eakins
INTRODUCTION: Increasing active longevity has created an increasing surge of elderly trauma patients. The majority of these patients suffer blunt trauma and many are taking antithrombotic agents. The literature is mixed regarding the utility of routine repeat head CT in patients taking antithrombotic medications with a GCS of 15 and initial negative head CT. We hypothesized that scheduled delayed CT head 12 h after admission (D-CTH) in elderly blunt trauma victims would not identify clinically significant new hemorrhages or change management...
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439573/systematic-review-of-cyclosporin-a-induced-%C3%A2-gingival-overgrowth-and-genetic-predisposition
#15
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Vasiliki P Koidou, Larry F Wolff
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to investigate the influence of gene polymorphisms on the development of gingival overgrowth in renal transplant patients treated with cyclosporin A. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Electronic and hand literature searches were conducted by two independent reviewers in MEDLINE-Pubmed, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Science, and SCOPUS Elsevier for prospective (case-control studies, cohort studies), cross-sectional, and retrospective studies published up to June 2016 (first week) in any language...
April 24, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439405/the-start-back-tool-in-chiropractic-practice-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Yasmeen Khan
BACKGROUND: The Keele STarT Back Tool was designed for primary care medical physicians in the UK to determine the risk for persistent disabling pain in patients with musculoskeletal pain and to tailor treatments accordingly. In medical and physical therapy settings, STarT Back Tool's tailored care plans improved patients' low back pain outcomes and lowered costs. OBJECTIVE: Review studies using the STarT Back Tool in chiropractic patient populations. METHODS: PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Index to Chiropractic Literature, and Science Direct databases were searched...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439389/management-of-a-viable-cesarean-scar-pregnancy-a-case-report
#17
Mini Mammen Roy, Forough Radfar
The incidence of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP), which was extremely rare till recent times, has been rising steadily. We have more of such cases being published in medical literature now. A 38-year-old woman with a past history of previous three cesarean sections presented with five weeks pregnancy and complaints of bleeding per vaginum associated with mild lower abdominal discomfort. The diagnosis of CSP with a live fetus within the gestational sac was made on a transvaginal ultrasound examination and later confirmed with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438819/essentials-of-essential-oils
#18
Chelsea R Manion, Rebecca M Widder
PURPOSE: Information to guide clinicians in educating and advising patients using or intending to use essential oils for self-administered aromatherapy or other medicinal purposes is presented. SUMMARY: The term essential oils refers to highly concentrated, aromatic oils extracted from plants by steam distillation, hydrodiffusion, or pressure. Market reports indicate strong growth in the use of essential oils in the United States in recent decades. Therapeutic claims made in the marketing of essential oils have led the Food and Drug Administration to caution a number of suppliers...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438784/professional-and-conscience-based-refusals-the-case-of-the-psychiatrist-s-harmful-prescription
#19
Morten Magelssen
By way of a case story, two common presuppositions in the academic debate on conscientious objection in healthcare are challenged. First, the debate typically presupposes a sharp division between conscience-based refusals based on personal core moral beliefs and refusals based on professional (eg, medical) reasons. Only the former might involve the moral gravity to warrant accommodation. The case story challenges this division, and it is argued that just as much might sometimes be at stake morally in refusals based on professional reasons...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438515/intravenous-thrombolysis-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-patients-with-thrombocytopenia
#20
Ashkan Mowla, Haris Kamal, Navdeep S Lail, Caila Vaughn, Peyman Shirani, Sandhya Mehla, Hamidreza Rajabzadeh-Oghaz, Christopher Deline, Marilou Ching, Annemarie Crumlish, Robert N Sawyer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety of intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) who had a platelet count <100,000 /mm(3). METHODS: We reviewed the charts of all patients who received IV rtPA for AIS during a 9.6-year period at our stroke center. Those with platelets <100,000/mm(3) were identified. Head computed tomography scans performed in 24-36 hours postthrombolysis were reviewed to evaluate the rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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