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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042868/characteristics-and-prognosis-of-hepatic-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-children-10-years-of-experience-at-a-university-hospital-in-korea
#1
Chae-Yeon Min, Joo Young Song, Su Jin Jeong
PURPOSE: Studies on cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections in immunocompetent children are lacking, and minimal information is available in the medical literature on hepatic manifestations and complications of CMV. The aims of this study were to evaluate the clinical characteristics, laboratory data, and prognosis of children with CMV hepatitis, and to investigate its prevalence at a single medical center in Korea over a 10-year period. METHODS: One hundred thirty-two children diagnosed with CMV infection based on specific markers (anti-CMV IgM, CMV polymerase chain reaction in blood and urine, or CMV culture of urine) were included in the study...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040244/a-prospective-study-of-the-causes-of-bruises-in-premobile-infants
#2
Kenneth W Feldman, Tricia M Tayama, Leslie E Strickler, Lee A Johnson, Gauri Kolhatkar, Catherine A DeRidder, Dana C Matthews, Robert Sidbury, James A Taylor
OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 objectives. First, to determine the behavior of physicians evaluating premobile infants with bruises. Second, and most importantly, to learn whether infants with unexplained bruising who had been initially evaluated by primary care and emergency department (ED) physicians are as likely to have their bruises attributed to child abuse as those children evaluated by child abuse physicians. METHODS: Primary care, ED, and child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) in King County, Washington, San Mateo, Calif, Albuquerque, NM, La Crosse, Wis, and Torrance, Calif prospectively identified and studied infants younger than 6 months with less than 6 bruises, which were judged by the evaluating clinician to be explained or unexplained after their initial clinical examination...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039313/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-with-non-calcific-aortic-stenosis
#3
Tian-Yuan Xiong, Yuan Feng, Yan-Biao Liao, Yi-Jian Li, Zhen-Gang Zhao, Xin Wei, Yuan-Ning Xu, Jia-Fu Wei, Yong Peng, Nicolo Piazza, Darren Mylotte, Mao Chen
AIMS: Limited information exists describing the results of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with symptomatic severe non-calcific aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively identified patients with non-calcific AS who received TAVR with self-expanding transcatheter heart valves in our center. Clinical and echocardiographic outcomes, and post-procedural multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) measures were compared to patients undergoing TAVR for calcific AS...
October 17, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039160/influenza-vaccines-for-preventing-acute-otitis-media-in-infants-and-children
#4
REVIEW
Mohd N Norhayati, Jacqueline J Ho, Mohd Y Azman
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common infectious diseases in children. It has been reported that 64% of infants have an episode of AOM by the age of six months and 86% by one year. Although most cases of AOM are due to bacterial infection, it is commonly triggered by a viral infection. In most children AOM is self limiting, but it does carry a risk of complications. Since antibiotic treatment increases the risk of antibiotic resistance, influenza vaccines might be an effective way of reducing this risk by preventing the development of AOM...
October 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037865/voiding-school-as-a-treatment-of-daytime-incontinence-or-enuresis-children-s-experiences-of-the-intervention
#5
A Saarikoski, R Koppeli, S Salanterä, S Taskinen, A Axelin
BACKGROUND: Daytime incontinence and enuresis are common problems in otherwise healthy children, and negatively influence their social lives and self-esteem. Motivation for treatment is often a real clinical problem. Children's experiences of their incontinence treatments have not been previously described. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe children's experiences of the Voiding School intervention as a treatment for their incontinence. STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative, descriptive focus-group study with a purposive sample was conducted at a Finish university hospital in 2014...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037644/low-handgrip-strength-levels-among-adolescents-in-a-city-in-southern-brazil
#6
Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Andreia Pelegrini, João Antônio Chula de Castro, Tiago Rodrigues de Lima, Gabriel Renaldo de Sousa, João Marcos Ferreira de Lima Silva, Edio Luiz Petroski
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of low handgrip strength (HGS) levels and sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviours and body fatness status related in adolescents. METHOD: Cross-sectional epidemiological study with 636 adolescents aged 14-19 years in a city in southern Brazil. HGS was measured by dynamometer. Sociodemographic and behavioural data were collected using self-report questionnaires. Body mass and height was measured by Body Mass Index...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036436/prevalence-of-adult-overweight-and-obesity-in-20-european-countries-2014
#7
Adilson Marques, Miguel Peralta, Ana Naia, Nuno Loureiro, Margarida Gaspar de Matos
Background: Monitoring obesity and overweight prevalence is important for assessing interventions aimed at preventing or reducing the burden of obesity. This study aimed to provide current data regarding the prevalence of overweight and obesity of adults, from 20 European countries. Methods: Participants were 34 814 (16 482 men) adults with mean age 50.8 ± 17.7. Data from European Social Survey round 7, 2014, were analysed. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated from self-reported height and weight...
September 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035988/helmet-use-and-risk-taking-behavior-among-skiers-and-snowboarders
#8
Stuart E Willick, Graham Wagner, Don Ericson, George Josten, Masaru Teramoto, Jeremy Davis
OBJECTIVE: To characterize factors associated with helmet use and risk-taking behavior among recreational skiers and snowboarders. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Large, western United States mountain resort. PARTICIPANTS: 1285 male and female recreational skiers and snowboarders were interviewed during a single winter ski season. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Helmet use, demographic, and sport-related characteristics...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033239/socioeconomic-factors-health-behavior-and-late-stage-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-considering-the-impact-of-delay-in-diagnosis
#9
Mostafa Dianatinasab, Mohammad Mohammadianpanah, Nima Daneshi, Mohammad Zare-Bandamiri, Abbas Rezaeianzadeh, Mohammad Fararouei
BACKGROUND: Stage of cancer at diagnosis is one of the most important factors in patient prognosis. By controlling for diagnostic delay, this study aimed to identify factors associated with late-stage breast cancer (BC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From November 2014 to January 2017, required information on 497 patients who were newly diagnosed with BC was obtained from patients' medical records. Logistic regression was used to measure the association between cancer stage and study variables...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030211/identifying-opportunities-to-improve-pain-among-patients-with-serious-illness
#10
Kara Bischoff, David L O'Riordan, Kristyn Fazzalaro, Anne Kindermann, Steven Z Pantilat
CONTEXT: Pain is a common and distressing symptom. Pain management is a core competency for palliative care (PC) teams. OBJECTIVE: Identify characteristics associated with pain and pain improvement among inpatients referred to PC. METHODS: Thirty-eight inpatient PC teams in the Palliative Care Quality Network entered data about patients seen between December 12, 2012 and March 15, 2016. We examined patient and care characteristics associated with pain and pain improvement...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029627/determinants-of-self-rated-health-among-shanghai-elders-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Weizhen Dong, Jin Wan, Yanjun Xu, Chun Chen, Ge Bai, Lyuying Fang, Anjiang Sun, Yinghua Yang, Ying Wang
BACKGROUND: As the most populous nation in the world, China has now becoming an emerging ageing society. Shanghai is the first city facing the challenge of ageing demographics. Against this background, a study that employs self-rated health (SRH) assessment system was designed to explore the health status of Shanghai elders, and learn their attitudes toward health issues; as well as to investigate the determinants of SRH among Shanghai elders. Understanding SRH is crucial for finding appropriate solutions that could effectively tackle the increasing eldercare demand...
October 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026262/personal-listening-devices-in-australia-patterns-of-use-and-levels-of-risk
#12
REVIEW
Megan Gilliver, Jenny Nguyen, Elizabeth F Beach, Caitlin Barr
Personal listening devices (PLDs) have the potential to increase the risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) for users. The present study aimed to investigate the nature and extent of the risk posed, by describing the user profile of a PLD population, identifying listening habits of that population, and examining whether PLD risk status is associated with hearing damage. A sample of 4,185 Australian PLD users completed an online survey about listening behaviors and hearing health. Listeners were characterized as low, high, or very high-risk based on daily noise dose estimates calculated from self-reported listening volume and durations...
November 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024846/attentional-control-and-executive-functioning-in-school-aged-children-linking-self-regulation-and-parenting-strategies
#13
Andrea M Spruijt, Marielle C Dekker, Tim B Ziermans, Hanna Swaab
Good parenting strategies can shape children's neurocognitive development, yet little is known about the nature of this relation in school-aged children and whether this association shifts with age. We aimed to investigate the relation between parenting strategies observed during a home visit and children's performance-based attentional control and executive functioning (N=98, aged 4-8years). Linear and curvilinear regression analyses showed that children of parents who were more supportive, were less intrusive, and asked more open-ended questions displayed better inhibitory control...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024181/does-the-risk-outweigh-the-benefits-adolescent-responses-to-completing-health-surveys
#14
Thérèse Shaw, Kevin C Runions, Robyn S Johnston, Donna Cross
The aim of this study is to describe the self-reported experiences of adolescents in population-based samples when completing health-related surveys on topics with varying potential for evoking distress. Survey data were collected in three school-based studies of bullying behaviors (N = 1,771, 12-14 years), alcohol use (N = 823, 12, 15, and 17 years), and electronic image sharing (N = 274, 13 years). Between 5% and 15% of respondents reported being upset at survey completion, but at most 1.4% were entirely negative in their evaluation...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024104/the-healthy-donor-effect-impacts-self-reported-physical-and-mental-health%C3%A2-%C3%A2-results-from-the-danish-blood-donor-study-dbds
#15
A S Rigas, A Skytthe, C Erikstrup, K Rostgaard, M S Petersen, H Hjalgrim, H Ullum, K O Kyvik, O B Pedersen
AIMS: This study aimed at quantifying the healthy donor effect by comparing self-perceived mental and physical health between blood donors and non-donors. BACKGROUND: In theory, the selection process known as the healthy donor effect should result in better self-perceived, health-related quality of life in donors than in non-donors. METHODS: The Short Form-12 data from the Danish Twin Registry (DTR) was compared with the data from the Danish Blood Donor Study (DBDS)...
October 12, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023144/birth-cohort-differences-in-sexual-identity-development-milestones-among-hiv-negative-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-the-united-states
#16
Christian Grov, H Jonathon Rendina, Jeffrey T Parsons
The coming-out process for gay and bisexual men (GBM) involves crossing sexual identity development (SID) milestones: (1) self-awareness of sexual attraction to the same sex, (2) self-acceptance of an identity as gay or bisexual, (3) disclosure of this sexual identity to others, and (4) having sex with someone of the same sex. We examined trends in SID milestones by birth cohort in a 2015 U.S. national sample of GBM (n = 1,023). Birth cohort was independent of when men first felt sexually attracted to someone of the same sex (median age 11 to 12)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022724/age-differences-in-positive-feelings-and-their-expression
#17
Margund K Rohr, Cornelia Wieck, Ute Kunzmann
Although various studies point to the importance of positive emotions for health and well-being across the entire life span, current research on age differences in emotional reactivity mainly focuses on negative emotions. Empirical evidence on positive emotions is scarce and mixed. Part of the inconsistencies may be related to study differences in the stimuli used and the emotional response systems considered. Thus, the present study examined different response systems (i.e., subjective feelings, facial and verbal expressions) and used internal stimuli of high personal relevance to all participants...
October 12, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020829/preferences-in-sleep-position-correlate-with-nighttime-paresthesias-in-healthy-people-without-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#18
Carrie L Roth Bettlach, Jessica M Hasak, Emily M Krauss, Jenny L Yu, Gary B Skolnick, Greta N Bodway, Lorna C Kahn, Susan E Mackinnon
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome has been associated with sleep position preferences. The aim of this study is to assess self-reported nocturnal paresthesias and sleeping position in participants with and without carpal tunnel syndrome diagnosis to further clinical knowledge for preventive and therapeutic interventions. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study of 396 participants was performed in young adults, healthy volunteers, and a patient population. Participants were surveyed on risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome, nocturnal paresthesias, and sleep preferences...
October 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020761/level-of-agreement-and-factors-associated-with-discrepancies-between-nationwide-medical-history-questionnaires-and-hospital-claims-data
#19
Yeon-Yong Kim, Jong Heon Park, Hee-Jin Kang, Eun Joo Lee, Seongjun Ha, Soon-Ae Shin
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to investigate the agreement between medical history questionnaire data and claims data and to identify the factors that were associated with discrepancies between these data types. Methods: Data from self-reported questionnaires that assessed an individual's history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, stroke, heart disease, and pulmonary tuberculosis were collected from a general health screening database for 2014...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019634/pain-assessment-in-newborns-infants-and-children
#20
Alexandra Beltramini, Kolia Milojevic, Dominique Pateron
Pain in children is underestimated and undertreated because of lack of pain assessment tools. Pain assessment depends on the cognitive development of the child being tested, clinical context, and pain typology. For children older than age 6 years, pain assessment is based on a self-report. For children younger than age 6 years, behavioral pain scales are needed to assess pain. Numerous pain scales exist. Many are reliable and some are recommended, but all have specific conditions for their use. In this article, we review the available pain scales for children from birth to adolescence...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
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