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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679164/the-effect-of-a-school-based-intervention-on-physical-activity-and-well-being-a-non-randomised-controlled-trial-with-children-of-low-socio-economic-status
#1
Stephen Shannon, Deirdre Brennan, Donncha Hanna, Zoe Younger, Jessica Hassan, Gavin Breslin
BACKGROUND: Self-determination theory (SDT) has been used to predict children's physical activity and well-being. However, few school-based SDT intervention studies have been conducted, and no research exists with children of low socio-economic status (SES). Therefore, SDT-derived needs-supportive teaching techniques informed the design and analyses of the Healthy Choices Programme (HCP). The aim was to determine if the HCP could enhance moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and well-being among children of low SES through increasing autonomy-support, needs satisfaction and intrinsic motivation...
April 20, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678296/impact-of-a-low-intensity-and-broadly-inclusive-ed-care-coordination-intervention-on-linkage-to-primary-care-and-ed-utilization
#2
Sean D Foster, Kim Hart, Christopher J Lindsell, Christopher N Miller, Michael S Lyons
OBJECTIVE: We aim to evaluate the effectiveness of a broadly inclusive, comparatively low intensity intervention linking ED patients to a primary care home. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study evaluated ED patients referred for primary care linkage in a large, urban, academic ED. A care coordination specialist performed a brief interview to gauge access barriers and provide a clinic referral with optional scheduling assistance. Data were abstracted from program records and the electronic medical record...
April 5, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676834/working-while-unwell-workplace-impairment-in-people-with-severe-asthma
#3
Sarah A Hiles, Erin S Harvey, Vanessa M McDonald, Matthew Peters, Philip Bardin, Paul N Reynolds, John W Upham, Melissa Baraket, Zaheerodin Bhikoo, Jeffrey Bowden, Ben Brockway, Li Ping Chung, Belinda Cochrane, Gloria Foxley, Jeffrey Garrett, Mark Hew, Lata Jayaram, Christine Jenkins, Constance Katelaris, Gregory Katsoulotos, Mariko S Koh, Vicky Kritikos, Marina Lambert, David Langton, Alexis Lara Rivero, Guy B Marks, Peter G Middleton, Aldoph Nanguzgambo, Naghmeh Radhakrishna, Helen Reddel, Janet Rimmer, Anne Marie Southcott, Michael Sutherland, Francis Thien, Peter Ab Wark, Ian A Yang, Elaine Yap, Peter G Gibson
BACKGROUND: Severe asthma affects quality of life; however, its impact on workplace productivity is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To compare workplace productivity - absenteeism and presenteeism - and impairment in daily activities in severe and non-severe asthma over time and identify characteristics associated with presenteeism in severe asthma. METHODS: The Severe Asthma Web-based Database (SAWD) is an ongoing observational registry from Australia, New Zealand and Singapore...
April 20, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674305/self-harm-suicidal-behaviours-and-cyberbullying-in-children-and-young-people-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Ann John, Alexander Charles Glendenning, Amanda Marchant, Paul Montgomery, Anne Stewart, Sophie Wood, Keith Lloyd, Keith Hawton
BACKGROUND: Given the concerns about bullying via electronic communication in children and young people and its possible contribution to self-harm, we have reviewed the evidence for associations between cyberbullying involvement and self-harm or suicidal behaviors (such as suicidal ideation, suicide plans, and suicide attempts) in children and young people. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the current evidence examining the association between cyberbullying involvement as victim or perpetrator and self-harm and suicidal behaviors in children and young people (younger than 25 years), and where possible, to meta-analyze data on the associations...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672447/effects-of-human-papillomavirus-awareness-and-knowledge-on-psychological-state-of-women-referred-to-cervical-cancer-screening
#5
Ljiljana Markovic-Denic, Olivera Djuric, Natasa Maksimovic, Svetlana Popovac, Vesna Kesic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the impact of human papillomavirus (HPV) awareness and knowledge on physiological state and quality of life of women referred to colposcopy and/or HPV testing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at University Hospital, Belgrade, Serbia. The women with abnormal Pap test results obtained at the primary care centers requiring colposcopy and/or HPV testing were included. Before gynecological examination, participants filled the questionnaire on demographic characteristics, gynecological history, questionnaire for the evaluation of HPV awareness and HPV knowledge level, a set of self-report questionnaires assessing the anxiety level, quality of life, and concern about the smear and colposcopy results and perceived risk of developing cervical cancer...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672191/knowledge-and-beliefs-about-oncofertility-and-associations-with-quality-of-life-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-pediatric-cancer
#6
Andrea C Johnson, Darren Mays, Kathryn Rehberg, Aziza Shad, Kenneth P Tercyak
PURPOSE: Adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors experience fertility and childrearing challenges in adulthood, but there is limited evidence on awareness, beliefs, and concerns about oncofertility in this population, needs for supportive resources, and associations with quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Participants were 69 AYAs aged 12-25 who were diagnosed with cancer at age 18 years or younger and ≥1 year cancer free, recruited from childhood cancer clinical records and support organizations...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670342/assessment-of-anxiety-in-older-adults-a-review-of-self-report-measures
#7
REVIEW
Michela Balsamo, Fedele Cataldi, Leonardo Carlucci, Beth Fairfield
With increasing numbers of older adults in the general population, anxiety will become a widespread problem in late life and one of the major causes of health care access contributing to high societal and individual costs. Unfortunately, the detection of anxiety disorders in late life is complicated by a series of factors that make it different from assessment in younger cohorts, such as differential symptom presentation, high comorbidity with medical and mental disorders, the aging process, and newly emergent changes in life circumstances...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669467/exploration-of-dating-violence-and-related-attitudes-among-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#8
Audrey Courtain, Fabienne Glowacz
Young people's romantic relationships can be marked with various forms of dating violence (DV). However, adolescents and emerging adults do not necessarily acknowledge this violence because of their attitudes toward dating violence. Our study aims to study dating violence and attitudes toward this phenomenon through two well-established questionnaires administered jointly in their entirety. Indeed, too many studies report results on some dimensions and items, neglecting the richness of available tools. The Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationship Inventory and the Attitudes Toward Dating Violence Scale were self-administered to 1,014 participants ( M age = 18...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669104/dementia-prevalence-in-the-united-states-in-2000-and-2012-estimates-based-on-a-nationally-representative-study
#9
Péter Hudomiet, Michael D Hurd, Susann Rohwedder
Objectives: Age- and sex-specific rates of dementia are estimated in the U.S. population aged 65 or older in 2000 and 2012 using a large nationally representative dataset, the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), and accounting for mortality selection and specificities of the interview protocol. Method: A latent cognitive ability model is estimated by maximum simulated likelihood. Prevalence of dementia is identified using HRS cognition measures and the Aging, Demographics and Memory Study (ADAMS), a subset of the HRS (n = 856) with clinical assessment for dementia...
April 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668917/nonadherence-to-biologic-therapies-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#10
Brian J Wentworth, Ross C D Buerlein, Anne G Tuskey, M Ashley Overby, Mark E Smolkin, Brian W Behm
Background: Nonadherence to medications is common with patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to assess adherence to biologic medications prescribed for IBD and to identify risk factors for biologic nonadherence. Methods: This was a single center retrospective cohort study investigating IBD patient adherence to biologic therapies over a 2-year period from September 2014 to September 2016. Specialty pharmacy and infusion center records were obtained and a modified medication possession ratio was calculated...
April 13, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668532/an-altered-eating-experience-attitudes-toward-feeding-assistance-among-younger-and-older-adults
#11
Samantha E Shune
PURPOSE: Feeding assistance is commonly used to alleviate mealtime difficulties and decrease risk. It is unclear how to best support the transition from independence to assisted feeding across the lifespan. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine attitudes toward feeding assistance among healthy younger and older adults. DESIGN: Qualitative study. METHODS: A total of 17 younger and 19 older adults were interviewed following a simulated feeding (assisted and self-feeding) experience...
April 18, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667315/shoulder-stiffness-back-pain-and-wrist-pain-are-older-primiparas-more-vulnerable
#12
Hiroko Iwata, Emi Mori, Kunie Maehara, Akiko Sakajo, Kyoko Aoki, Koji Tamakoshi
AIM: To describe changes in prevalence of shoulder stiffness, back pain, and wrist pain during the first 6 months postpartum, and to examine the association of these symptoms with maternal age and parity. METHODS: Participants were recruited from 13 Japanese hospitals between 2012 and 2013. A total of 2709 (response rate 71.9%) women provided longitudinal data, using self-report questionnaires at 5 time points: during their hospital stay, and at 1, 2, 4, and 6 months postpartum...
April 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666022/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-uk-public-to-understand-use-of-online-ratings-and-reviews-of-health-services
#13
Michelle H van Velthoven, Helen Atherton, John Powell
OBJECTIVES: To identify the self-reported behaviour of the public in reading and writing online feedback in relation to health services. METHODS: A face-to-face cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of the UK population. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were undertaken to describe and explore the use of online feedback. RESULTS: 2036 participants were surveyed, and of 1824 Internet users, 42% (n = 760) had read online health care feedback and 8% (n = 147) had provided this feedback in the last year...
April 9, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665820/work-impairment-osteoarthritis-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-employees-in-japan
#14
Ken Nakata, Toshinaga Tsuji, Jeffrey Vietri, Dena H Jaffe
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common causes of health and work impairment; however, this relationship, especially in Japan, is not well characterized. This study examined work impairment and OA in Japanese workers, specifically the relationship with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health status. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional observational study included the data of employed adults with a self-reported OA diagnosis from the 2014 Japan National Health and Wellness Survey...
April 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664406/racial-differences-in-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-heart-failure-and-preserved-ejection-fraction-in-the-treatment-of-preserved-cardiac-function-heart-failure-trial
#15
Eldrin F Lewis, Brian Claggett, Amil M Shah, Jiankang Liu, Sanjiv J Shah, Inder Anand, Eileen O'Meara, Nancy K Sweitzer, Jean L Rouleau, James C Fang, Akshay S Desai, Tamrat M Retta, Scott D Solomon, John F Heitner, Thomas D Stamos, Robin Boineau, Bertram Pitt, Marc A Pfeffer
BACKGROUND: Black patients have been shown to have different baseline characteristics and outcomes compared with nonblack patients in cohort studies. However, few studies have focused on heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) patients. We aimed to determine the difference in cardiovascular outcomes in black and nonblack patients with HFpEF and to determine the relative efficacy and safety of spironolactone in black and nonblack patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with HFpEF, randomized to spironolactone versus placebo in the TOPCAT trial (Treatment of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure With an Aldosterone Antagonist) in North and South America, were grouped according to self-described black and nonblack race...
March 2018: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663637/reproductive-health-obesity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-samoan-women
#16
H Maredia, N L Hawley, G Lambert-Messerlian, U Fidow, M S Reupena, T Naseri, S T McGarvey
OBJECTIVES: Obesity leads to deleterious effects on not only cardiovascular health but also on the reproductive health of women. We estimate the prevalence of menstrual irregularity and of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) in Samoan women, among whom obesity prevalence is extremely high. We explore the association of these reproductive health conditions with adiposity, cardiometabolic risk factors, and androgen levels. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of Samoan women 25-39 years of age (n = 470) from a larger population-based genome-wide association study of adiposity and cardiometabolic disease was assessed for the prevalence of oligomenorrhea/amenorrhea (OM/AM) using a self-reported questionnaire...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662532/cosmesis-after-early-stage-breast-cancer-treatment-with-surgery-and-radiation-therapy-experience-of-patients-treated-in-a-chilean-radiotherapy-centre
#17
Lorena Vargas, Sebastián Solé, Claudio Vicente Solé
Aim: To analyse the overall cosmetic outcome according to patient self-assessment in relation to the fractionation received. Materials and methods: A questionnaire, drawn up on the basis of subjective rating scales of cosmesis and of acute and late toxicity RTOG/EORTC, EORTC QLQ-C30 (v3) and LENT SOMA, was applied to patients with early-stage breast cancer who received radiotherapy with tangential fields between June 2014 and July 2015. Self-perception of cosmesis, changes in the treated breast, pain and fractionation used (hypofractionation (HF) 42...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661697/cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-sexual-minority-women-18-59-years-old-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2012
#18
Billy A Caceres, Abraham A Brody, Perry N Halkitis, Caroline Dorsen, Gary Yu, Deborah A Chyun
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (lesbian and bisexual) experience significant stigma, which may increase their cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of modifiable risk factors for CVD (including mental distress, health behaviors, blood pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin, and total cholesterol) and CVD in sexual minority women compared with their heterosexual peers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-2012) was conducted...
April 13, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660750/-german-version-of-the-sibling-relationship-questionnaire-srq-deu-normative-data-for-children-and-adolescents
#19
Sabine Bojanowski, Nora Riestock, Joel Nisslein
The SRQ-deu assesses the quality of sibling relationships from either the perspective of the child (self-report version) or of the parent (parent-report version). Its validity has been demonstrated in a first examination 6. Normative data, however, are not yet available. Hence, the current study presents normative data for the SRQ-deu self-report version based on a sample of 961 German children and adolescents aged 8 to 18 years. The effects of age and sibling status (younger/older sibling) are taken into account...
April 16, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658753/aging-and-attention-to-self-selected-emotional-content-a-novel-application-of-mobile-eye-tracking-to-the-study-of-emotion-regulation-in-adulthood-and-old-age
#20
Derek M Isaacowitz, Kimberly M Livingstone, Michael Richard, Magy Seif El-Nasr
Previous studies of attentional deployment to a single stream of experimenter-selected affective stimuli have found that compared to younger adults, older adults attend relatively more to positive and less to negative stimuli, and this can relate to better mood for them. Past studies of situation selection have yielded a contrasting picture of age similarity. In everyday life, attentional deployment is fundamentally and dynamically related to situation selection, but prior studies have investigated them only in isolation...
March 2018: Psychology and Aging
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