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younger self

Abigail L Coughtrie, Denise E Morris, Rebecca Anderson, Nelupha Begum, David W Cleary, Saul N Faust, Johanna M Jefferies, Alex R Kraaijeveld, Michael V Moore, Mark A Mullee, Paul J Roderick, Andrew Tuck, Robert N Whittaker, Ho Ming Yuen, C Patrick Doncaster, Stuart C Clarke
PURPOSE: Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are responsible for over 2.8 million deaths per year worldwide with pathobiont carriage a required precursor to infection. We sought to determine carriage epidemiology for both bacterial and viral respiratory pathogens as part of a large population-based cross-sectional carriage study. METHODOLOGY: Nose self-swab samples were collected in two separate time-points, May to August 2012 (late spring/summer) and February to April 2013 (winter/early spring)...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
David Richter, Rui Mata
To describe adult age differences in intertemporal choice, we analyzed data from 1,491 participants who completed an incentivized monetary intertemporal discounting choice task involving different conditions (e.g., time delay of 12 months vs. 1 month). Respondents completed a number of other survey measures including behavioral measures of cognitive ability and self-reports concerning health, financial security, and demographic characteristics. We found significant quadratic (U-shaped) effects of age in task conditions involving 12-month (but not 1-month) delays, with middle-aged adults proving most patient relative to younger and older adults...
June 21, 2018: Psychology and Aging
Katja Waller, Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Timo Törmäkangas, Pekka Hautasaari, Noora Lindgren, Paula Iso-Markku, Kauko Heikkilä, Juha Rinne, Jaakko Kaprio, Harri Sievänen, Urho M Kujala
Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in old age is an important indicator of good health and functional capacity enabling independent living. In our prospective twin cohort study with 616 individuals we investigated whether long-term physical activity assessed three times, in 1975, 1982 and 1990 (mean age 48 years in 1990), and other self-reported health habits predict objectively measured MVPA measured with a hip-worn triaxial accelerometer (at least 10 hours per day for at least 4 days) 25 years later (mean age of 73 years)...
June 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Anne Tiedemann, Sandra O'Rourke, Catherine Sherrington
Objectives and importance of study: Yoga improves balance and mobility, and therefore has potential as a fall prevention strategy, yet its validity for preventing falls has not been established. The Otago Exercise Programme (OEP) and tai chi are proven to prevent falls. This study aimed to evaluate the perceptions and preferences of older people towards a yoga-based program with potential to decrease falls, to compare these perceptions to the views expressed about the OEP and tai chi, and to identify participant characteristics associated with a preference for the yoga program...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
Dylan M Williams, Juulia Jylhävä, Nancy L Pedersen, Sara Hägg
Background: Frailty indices (FIs) measure variation in health between aging individuals. Researching FIs in resources with large-scale genetic and phenotypic data will provide insights into the causes and consequences of frailty. Thus, we aimed to develop an FI using UK Biobank data, a cohort study of 500,000 middle-aged and older adults. Methods: An FI was calculated using 49 self-reported questionnaire items on traits covering health, presence of diseases and disabilities, and mental well-being, according to standard protocol...
June 18, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Anu Mohandas, S K Bhasin, Madhu Upadhyay, S V Madhu
Background: Self-care activities are the cornerstone of diabetes care that ensures patients participation to achieve optimal glycemic control and to prevent complications. Objective: The aim of this study is to find the level of self-care activities among diabetics aged ≥20 years residing in a resettlement colony in East Delhi and its association with sociodemographic factors, disease, and treatment profile. Methods: Using cross-sectional survey, 168 known diabetic patients were selected from Nand Nagri, a resettlement colony in East Delhi...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Annabella M Gallagher, Kimberly A Updegraff, Jenny Padilla, Susan M McHale
Sibling relational aggression is an important but understudied dimension of sibling relationships that has potential implications for adolescents' adjustment. This study examined the longitudinal associations between being the target of sibling relational aggression and adolescent adjustment (i.e., depressive symptoms, risky behavior, self-worth, and romantic competence) among younger and older siblings over a three-year period in adolescence. The moderating roles of birth order, sibling gender, and sibling dyad gender constellation also were tested...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
David R Thurtle, Emma M Gordon, Robert D Brierly, Ciaran J Conway, John McLoughlin
Background: In 2006, a county-wide survey of general practitioners (GPs) in the United Kingdom (UK) identified a reluctance to refer younger men with abnormal prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels. Younger men have the most to gain from early-detection of prostate cancer (PCa), which remains a national government priority in the UK and around the world. We sought to assess changes in perception of abnormal PSA-values amongst UK GPs over the past 10 years. Materials and methods: A total of 500 self-administered paper questionnaires were distributed to individually named GPs...
June 2018: Prostate International
Yang Sun Park, Ji-Won Kim, Yuri Kwon, Moon-Seok Kwon
Background: Incidence of falling in the older-elderly is higher than that of the younger-elderly. In addition, falls occur more in elderly women than in elderly men. However, it is unclear whether age and sex-specific differences exist in gait characteristics of the elderly. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate age- and sex-related differences in gait characteristics of the Korean elderly people. Methods: A total of 75 younger-elderly subjects (age of 65-74 yr; 21 men and 54 women) and 59 older-elderly subjects (age of 75-90 yr; 15 men and 44 women) participated in this study in 2014...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Rory C O'Connor, Karen Wetherall, Seonaid Cleare, Sarah Eschle, Julie Drummond, Eamonn Ferguson, Daryl B O'Connor, Ronan E O'Carroll
Background: There are few prevalence studies of suicide attempts and non-suicidal self-harm (NSSH). Aims: We aimed to estimate the prevalence of thoughts of NSSH, suicidal thoughts, NSSH and suicide attempts among 18- to 34-year-olds in Scotland. Method: We interviewed a representative sample of young adults from across Scotland. Results: We interviewed 3508 young people; 11.3 and 16.2% reported a lifetime history of suicide attempts and NSSH, respectively...
2018: BJPsych Open
Catherine W T Chan, Amédé Gogovor, Marie-France Valois, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Access, particularly timely access, to care is the Canadian public's most important healthcare concern. The drivers of perceived appropriateness of access to care among patients with at least one chronic health condition (CHC) are not, however, well defined. This study evaluated whether personal characteristics, self-reported health status and care received were associated with patients' perception of effective access in managing a chronic illness. METHODS: The study population (n = 619) was drawn from a representative sample of the adult Canadian population who reported having ≥1 CHC in the 2013-2014 Health Care in Canada survey...
June 19, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Jung Ok Shim, Kyoungdo Han, Sanghyun Park, Gun-Ha Kim, Jae Sung Ko, Ju-Young Chung
Background: Henoch-Schӧnlein purpura (HSP) is a common vasculitis of childhood. Though HSP is usually self-limiting, severe complications can occur. The management for this condition has not been established yet. Thus, this nationwide study aimed at investigating epidemiological characteristics of children with HSP in Korea. The patterns of clinical practice with regard to the complications of the condition were also investigated. Methods: This is a national population-based study that used the National Health Insurance Database...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Wenche Iglebekk, Carsten Tjell, Peter Borenstein
Background and aim A diagnosis of chronic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is based on brief attacks of rotatory vertigo and concomitant nystagmus elicited by rapid changes in head position relative to gravity. However, the clinical course of BPPV may vary considerably from a self-limiting to a persisting and/or recurrent disabling problem. The authors' experience is that the most common complaints of patients with chronic BPPV are nautical vertigo or dizziness with other symptoms including neck pain, headache, widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and visual disturbances...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Carl Kendall, Laio Magno, Gustavo Machado Rocha, Daniela Riva Knauth, Andrea Fachel Leal, Ines Dourado, Maria Amélia Veras, Ana Maria de Brito, Ligia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr
INTRODUCTION: Periodic monitoring of sociobehavior characteristics at a national level is an essential component of understanding the dynamics the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic worldwide, including Brazil. METHODS: This paper compares descriptive sociobehavior characteristics in 2 national cross-sectional HIV biological behavioral surveillance surveys (BBSS) conducted in 2009 and 2016 among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Brazil. Respondent driven sampling (RDS) was used for recruitment in both years...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Erica Heiman, S Sam Lim, Gaobin Bao, Cristina Drenkard
OBJECTIVE: African American (AA) people with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are at high morbidity and mortality risk, and they often require multiple medications. Low medication adherence is a highly prevalent, multidimensional problem associated with poor outcomes in people with SLE. Depression, a predictor of low adherence in people with chronic conditions, has been described in over 35% of AAs with SLE. We hypothesized that depressive symptoms would be increasingly associated with low adherence in this population...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Floortje Mols, Olga Husson, Marije Oudejans, Carla Vlooswijk, Nicole Horevoorts, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse
OBJECTIVE: Cancer and its treatment have an influence on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Normative data could help to interpret HRQOL among cancer patients. Our aim was to generate longitudinal normative data based on sex, age and morbidity for the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 questionnaire. METHODS: The QLQ-C30 and the Self-administered Comorbidity Questionnaire were administered to a representative panel of the Dutch-speaking population in the Netherlands in 2009 (n = 1743), 2010 (n = 2050), 2011 (n = 2040), 2012 (n = 2194) and 2013 (n = 2333)...
June 18, 2018: Acta Oncologica
Lena Sandin Wranker, Mikael Rennemark, Sölve Elmståhl, Johan Berglund
Background and aims The experience of pain may vary in accordance with personality traits and individual characteristics. Neuroticism is demonstrated to constitute a vulnerability factor among younger and middle-aged pain patients. The combination of openness and neuroticism is associated with high anxiety/depression scores among adult individuals with chronic conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate possible associations between pain and the personality dimensions of neuroticism, extroversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness among persons aged 60 years and older...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Nien-Chen Li, Ravi I Thadhani, Marta Reviriego-Mendoza, John W Larkin, Franklin W Maddux, Norma J Ofsthun
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: The relationship between tobacco smoking and comorbid condition outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) patients is not well understood. This study examined the association of tobacco smoking status with hospitalization and mortality in HD patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Adult HD patients at 2,223 US dialysis centers with HD vintage of 30 days or less who completed a tobacco smoking status survey as part of standard care between April 2013 and June 2015...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Eric Z Herring, Matthew R Peck, Caroline E Vonck, Gabriel A Smith, Thomas E Mroz, Michael P Steinmetz
OBJECTIVE Spine surgeons in the United States continue to be overwhelmed by an aging population, and patients are waiting weeks to months for appointments. With a finite number of clinic visits per surgeon, analysis of referral sources needs to be explored. In this study, the authors evaluated patient referrals and their yield for surgical volume at a tertiary care center. METHODS This is a retrospective study of new patient visits by the spine surgery group at the Cleveland Clinic Center for Spine Health from 2011 to 2016...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Paulo Nadanovsky, Ana Paula Pires Dos Santos, Katia Vergetti Bloch
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported gingival bleeding in a representative sample of 12-17-year-old Brazilian adolescents MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sociodemographic and oral health information were obtained through a self-administered questionnaire of the Study of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adolescents. The adolescents answered "yes" or "no" to the question "Do your gums bleed?" RESULTS: 74,589 of the 102,327 eligible adolescents answered the questionnaire and 18...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
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