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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230564/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-aggression-and-illicit-stimulant-use-is-this-self-medication
#1
Annie P Odell, Grace L Reynolds, Dennis G Fisher, Loucine M Huckabay, William C Pedersen, Pamela Xandre, Milica Miočević
This study compares adults with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on measures of direct and displaced aggression and illicit drug use. Three hundred ninety-six adults were administered the Wender Utah Rating Scale, the Risk Behavior Assessment, the Aggression Questionnaire (AQ), and the Displaced Aggression Questionnaire (DAQ). Those with ADHD were higher on all scales of the AQ and DAQ, were younger at first use of amphetamines, and were more likely to have ever used crack and amphetamines...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230391/improvements-in-emotion-regulation-following-mindfulness-meditation-effects-on-depressive-symptoms-and-perceived-stress-in-younger-breast-cancer-survivors
#2
Chloe C Boyle, Annette L Stanton, Patricia A Ganz, Catherine M Crespi, Julienne E Bower
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness meditation reduces psychological distress among individuals with cancer. However, mechanisms for intervention effects have not been fully determined. This study tested emotion regulation strategies as mediators of intervention effects in a sample of younger women treated for breast cancer, a group at risk for psychological distress. We focused on two distinct strategies targeted by the intervention-rumination and self-kindness-and further examined the broader construct of mindfulness as a potential mediator...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225049/prevalence-and-predictors-of-weight-change-post-discharge-from-hospital-a-study-of-the-canadian-malnutrition-task-force
#3
H Keller, M Laporte, H Payette, J Allard, P Bernier, D Duerksen, L Gramlich, K Jeejeebhoy
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Little is known about factors associated with weight change post discharge from hospital; yet poor nutritional status in the transition from hospital to community can result in readmission. This exploratory study aimed to determine the factors associated with weight change 30 days post discharge defined as weight gain (WG; 5+ pounds), weight loss (WL; 5+pounds) or weight stable (WS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 922 medical or surgical patients were recruited from 16 acute care hospitals in 8 Canadian provinces...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224756/type-2-diabetes-after-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-south-asian-women-in-the-united-states
#4
Meghana D Gadgil, Reena Oza-Frank, Namratha R Kandula, Alka M Kanaya
AIMS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The incidence of both GDM and type 2 diabetes is exceedingly high in South Asian populations, however, the risk of type 2 diabetes after GDM in South Asian women in the US is unknown. METHODS: South Asians aged 40-84 years without known cardiovascular disease were enrolled in a community-based cohort called Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) Study...
February 22, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222193/screening-for-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-at-school-new-validity-evidences-on-the-short-form-of-the-reynolds-depression-scale
#5
Javier Ortuño-Sierra, Rebeca Aritio-Solana, Félix Inchausti, Edurne Chocarro de Luis, Beatriz Lucas Molina, Alicia Pérez de Albéniz, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero
The main purpose of the present study was to assess the depressive symptomatology and to gather new validity evidences of the Reynolds Depression Scale-Short form (RADS-SF) in a representative sample of youths. The sample consisted of 2914 adolescents with a mean age of 15.85 years (SD = 1.68). We calculated the descriptive statistics and internal consistency of the RADS-SF scores. Also, confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) at the item level and successive multigroup CFAs to test measurement invariance, were conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218966/validity-of-self-reported-age-at-marriage-in-rural-india
#6
Anita Raj
Worldwide, 15 million girls worldwide are married each year aged younger than 18 years, compromising their health and opportunities [1]. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) include the target of ending child marriage by 2030. Birth registration is a priority to facilitate the identification of minors and achieve this target [2]; however, it is unlikely to help the large number of girls without birth records. Within India, which accounts for one-third of global child marriages [1], This article is protected by copyright...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218647/diabetes-mellitus-and-younger-age-are-risk-factors-for-hyperphosphatemia-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#7
Rameez Imtiaz, Steven Hawken, Brendan B McCormick, Simon Leung, Swapnil Hiremath, Deborah L Zimmerman
Hyperphosphatemia has been associated with adverse outcomes in patients with end stage kidney disease (ESKD). The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors for hyperphosphatemia in ESKD patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). This information will be used to develop a patient specific phosphate binder application to facilitate patient self-management of serum phosphate. Adult PD patients documented their food, beverage, and phosphate binder intake for three days using a dietitian developed food journal...
February 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217907/diet-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-symptoms-survey-results-from-a-rheumatoid-arthritis-registry
#8
Sara K Tedeschi, Michelle Frits, Jing Cui, Zhi Zack Zhang, Taysir Mahmoud, Christine Iannaccone, Tzu-Chieh Lin, Kazuki Yoshida, Michael E Weinblatt, Nancy A Shadick, Daniel H Solomon
OBJECTIVE: Patients with RA often ask if specific foods, popularized as "inflammatory" or "anti-inflammatory," can improve or worsen their RA. We surveyed patients regarding diet and RA symptoms. METHODS: We mailed a diet survey to 300 subjects in a single-center RA registry at a large academic center. Subjects were asked whether they consume each of 20 foods and whether these foods make their RA symptoms better, worse, or unchanged. Semi-annual registry data include demographics, medications, comorbidities, and disease activity scores...
February 19, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217453/erectile-dysfunction-in-fit-and-healthy-young-men-psychological-or-pathological
#9
REVIEW
Giulia Rastrelli, Mario Maggi
Epidemiological studies consistently show that prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) increases with ageing. Nonetheless, complaints of ED even in younger men are becoming more and more frequent. Healthcare professionals working in Sexual Medicine but even those operating in different clinical contexts might be adequately prepared to answer this increasing requirement. ED in younger men is likely to be overlooked and dismissed without performing any medical assessment, even the most basic ones, such as collection of medical history and physical exam...
February 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217272/disability-among-attendees-with-schizophrenia-in-a-nigerian-hospital-further-evidence-for-integrated-rehabilitative-treatment-designs
#10
Andrew Toyin Olagunju, Dapo Adebowale Adegbaju, Richard Uwakwe
Evidence-based rehabilitative treatment is constrained due to limited knowledge about disability and its related factors among individuals with schizophrenia across West Africa. This study aims to investigate the pattern of disability, and the associated factors among individuals with schizophrenia. One hundred consecutively recruited consenting participants were subjected to designed questionnaire to inquire about their demographic and illness-related variables. This was followed by the administration of Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale to confirm the diagnosis of schizophrenia and rate severity of symptoms respectively in them...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216912/pregnancy-outcomes-and-maternal-and-perinatal-complications-of-pregnancies-following-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-using-own-oocytes-donor-oocytes-and-vitrified-embryos-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#11
Manish Banker, Vidhisha Mehta, Dipesh Sorathiya, Mira Dave, Sandeep Shah
BACKGROUND: Several global studies have assessed maternal and perinatal outcomes and complications with the type of embryo transfer (ET) following in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI). The present study assessed the incidence of maternal and perinatal outcomes and complications following IVF/ICSI associated with the type of embryo transferred. METHODOLOGY: A total of 2112 ETs were performed in 2092 female patients aged 21-50 years between January 1 and December 31, 2014 (Group A: Fresh ET using self-oocytes: 691; Group B: Fresh ET using donor oocytes: 810; and Group C: Thaw ET using vitrified-warmed embryos: 611)...
October 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216129/social-media-use-and-its-association-with-sexual-risk-and-parental-monitoring-among-a-primarily-hispanic-adolescent-population
#12
Dina L Romo, Chelsea Garnett, Alayna P Younger, Melissa S Stockwell, Karen Soren, Marina Catallozzi, Natalie Neu
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the association between social media (SM) use with sexual risk, and with parental monitoring among Hispanic adolescents. DESIGN: Self-administered anonymous survey SETTING: Urban primary care clinics PARTICIPANTS: 13-21 year olds primarily Hispanic adolescents MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Chi-square and regression analyses controlling for age and gender assessed associations between SM use or sexting and sexual behaviors (kissing, touching genitals, vaginal oral, and anal sex), sexual risk (>4 lifetime partners, >1 recent partner, inconsistent condom use and history of STI diagnosis) and contraceptive use...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214769/supporting-older-and-younger-adults-memory-for-recent-everyday-events-a-prospective-sampling-study-using-sensecam
#13
Ali Mair, Marie Poirier, Martin A Conway
This study measured the effect of a wearable camera, SenseCam, on older and younger adults' memories of recently experienced everyday events. Participants used SenseCam to prospectively sample events from a typical week, which they recalled two weeks later. Recall was cued by a self-generated title only (control condition), by the title and forward-order SenseCam images, or by the title and random-order SenseCam images. In the control condition, older and younger adults' memories were comparably episodic, but older adults recalled more semantic details...
February 16, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213300/experiences-of-stigma-and-discrimination-faced-by-family-caregivers-of-people-with-schizophrenia-in-india
#14
Mirja Koschorke, R Padmavati, Shuba Kumar, Alex Cohen, Helen A Weiss, Sudipto Chatterjee, Jesina Pereira, Smita Naik, Sujit John, Hamid Dabholkar, Madhumitha Balaji, Animish Chavan, Mathew Varghese, R Thara, Vikram Patel, Graham Thornicroft
Stigma associated with schizophrenia significantly affects family caregivers, yet few studies have examined the nature and determinants of family stigma and its relationship to their knowledge about the condition. This paper describes the experiences and determinants of stigma reported by the primary caregivers of people living with schizophrenia (PLS) in India. The study used mixed methods and was nested in a randomised controlled trial of community care for people with schizophrenia. Between November 2009 and October 2010, data on caregiver stigma and functional outcomes were collected from a sample of 282 PLS-caregiver dyads...
February 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212718/a-speech-and-psychological-profile-of-treatment-seeking-adolescents-who-stutter
#15
Lisa Iverach, Robyn Lowe, Mark Jones, Susan O'Brian, Ross G Menzies, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between stuttering severity, psychological functioning, and overall impact of stuttering, in a large sample of adolescents who stutter. METHOD: Participants were 102 adolescents (11-17 years) seeking speech treatment for stuttering, including 86 boys and 16 girls, classified into younger (11-14 years, n=57) and older (15-17 years, n=45) adolescents. Linear regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between speech and psychological variables and overall impact of stuttering...
March 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212481/-workplace-bullying-during-specialty-training-in-a-pediatric-hospital-in-mexico-a-little-noticed-phenomenon
#16
Ana Carolina Sepúlveda-Vildósola, Alma Rebeca Mota-Nova, Germán Enrique Fajardo-Dolci, L Isabel Reyes-Lagunes
BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying (WB) is a hostile or intimidating behavior that is practiced against workers and has a negative impact on health, job performance, and the learning process. The objective was to research WB magnitude and its associated factors in Mexico. METHODS: Mixed method study. A survey was designed and administered to all the residents in a pediatric hospital in Mexico who agreed to participate. The survey was divided in two sections: a) resident self-reported events of workplace bullying and associated factors, b) situations and factors of abuse were interrogated in a targeted manner...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212340/prospective-prediction-of-juvenile-homicide-attempted-homicide-among-early-onset-juvenile-offenders
#17
Michael T Baglivio, Kevin T Wolff
While homicide perpetrated by juveniles is a relatively rare occurrence, between 2010 and 2014, approximately 7%-8% of all murders involved a juvenile offender. Unfortunately, few studies have prospectively examined the predictors of homicide offending, with none examining first-time murder among a sample of adjudicated male and female youth. The current study employed data on 5908 juvenile offenders (70% male, 45% Black) first arrested at the age of 12 or younger to prospectively examine predictors of an arrest for homicide/attempted homicide by the age of 18...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211130/cancer-survivors-activation-to-self-management-and-its-relationship-with-participation-in-paid-work-and-work-related-problems
#18
Pomme van Maarschalkerweerd, Jany Rademakers, Mieke Rijken
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore cancer survivors' level of patient activation, i.e., their knowledge, skills and confidence for self-management, and to examine its relations to their participation in paid work and work-related problems. METHODS: 524 Dutch cancer survivors, 208 younger than 65 years, completed the Patient Activation Measure (PAM-13) and the RAND-36 General Health scale. Cancer survivors younger than 65 years also reported on their participation in paid work and work-related problems...
February 16, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210994/factors-related-to-the-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#19
Stefaan De Smet, Liesbeth De Donder, Denis Ryan, Sofie Van Regenmortel, Dorien Brosens, Stijn Vandevelde
PURPOSES: There is evidence of an increasing emphasis on the relevance of the quality of life-paradigm as an outcome measure for clients in geriatric, forensic, as well as correctional care. This paper aims to explore to what extent variables that were categorized according to the main areas of the Good Lives Model ('the self', 'the body' and 'social life') are related to the quality of life domains of older imprisoned offenders. METHODS: Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire administered in individual interviews with 93 older prisoners aged 60 years and over in 16 prisons of the Dutch-speaking region in Belgium...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208803/barriers-to-seeking-help-for-skin-cancer-detection-in-rural-australia
#20
Kate M Fennell, Kimberley Martin, Carlene J Wilson, Camilla Trenerry, Greg Sharplin, James Dollman
This study explores rural South Australians' barriers to help-seeking for skin cancer detection. A total of 201 randomly selected rural adults (18-94 years, 66% female) were presented with a skin-cancer-related scenario via telephone and were asked the extent to which various barriers would impede their help-seeking, based on an amended version of the Barriers to Help-Seeking Scale. Older (≥63 years) and less educated participants endorsed barriers more strongly than their younger, more educated counterparts in the following domains; "Concrete barriers and distrust of caregivers", "Emotional control", "Minimising problem and Normalisation", "Need for control and self-reliance" (every domain other than "Privacy")...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
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