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younger self

Kirby Sainsbury, Elizabeth H Evans, Susanne Pedersen, Marta M Marques, Pedro J Teixeira, Liisa Lähteenmäki, R James Stubbs, Berit L Heitmann, Falko F Sniehotta
PURPOSE: Despite the wide availability of effective weight loss programmes, maintenance of weight loss remains challenging. Difficulties in emotion regulation are associated with binge eating and may represent one barrier to long-term intervention effectiveness in obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between emotion regulation difficulties and the extent of weight regain in a sample of adults who had lost, and then regained, weight, and to examine the characteristics associated with emotional difficulties...
February 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Vaida Zaleckienė, Vytautė Pečiulienė, Vilma Brukienė, Audronė Jakaitienė, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Linas Zaleckas
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In Lithuania, dental trauma cases are also treated by general dentists but it is unknown whether their age, self-evaluation of trauma knowledge and practice location can predict their actual knowledge and management of trauma cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether these factors can be used to predict the actual knowledge and management of trauma cases. METHODS: A two-part questionnaire included 17 multiple-choice questions about practitioners' demographics, their self-evaluated knowledge, and how frequently they treated traumatized permanent teeth as well as 13 clinical scenarios reflecting a variety of clinical trauma cases and their complications...
February 16, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Egon Hagen, Aleksander H Erga, Sverre M Nesvåg, James R McKay, Astri J Lundervold, Espen Walderhaug
Introduction: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common comorbid disorder in patients suffering from substance use disorder (SUD). Individuals with co-occurring SUD and ADHD are more likely than SUD patients without ADHD to have developed SUD at a younger age, be polysubstance users, and need inpatient treatment more often. The present study investigates whether individuals with polysubstance use disorder who remain abstinent for a year after entering treatment have a more substantial reduction in ADHD symptoms than those who relapsed and controls...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
William J Chopik, Ryan H Bremner, David J Johnson, Hannah L Giasson
Is 50 considered "old"? When do we stop being considered "young"? If individuals could choose to be any age, what would it be? In a sample of 502,548 internet respondents ranging in age from 10 to 89, we examined age differences in aging perceptions (e.g., how old do you feel?) and estimates of the timing of developmental transitions (e.g., when does someone become an older adult?). We found that older adults reported older perceptions of aging (e.g., choosing to be older, feeling older, being perceived as older), but that these perceptions were increasingly younger than their current age...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Anthony F J van Raan, Jos J Winnink
In this paper we investigate recent Sleeping Beauties cited in patents (SB-SNPRs). We find that the increasing trend of the relative number of SBs stopped around 1998. Moreover, we find that the time lag between the publication year of the SB-SNPRs and their first citation in a patent is becoming shorter in recent years. Our observations also suggest that, on average, in the more recent years SBs are awakened increasingly earlier by a 'technological prince' rather than by a 'scientific prince'. These observations suggest that SBs with technological importance are 'discovered' earlier in an application-oriented context...
2018: Scientometrics
Luca Bertolaccini, Piergiorgio Solli, Roberto Crisci, Gaetano Rocco
Senior surgeons who completed their formal surgical training before the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy era have had more experience with lobectomy via thoracotomy while their thoracoscopic training background contrasts from younger surgeons. However, this does not seem to have an unfavourable effect on their performance. Despite the literature recognising the critical points of influence of the learning curve for resident surgeons, limited data are focusing on the incremental performance of VATS lobectomy by senior surgeons...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
Zachary L Mannes, Vaughn E Bryant, Larry E Burrell, Huiyin Lu, Erin G Ferguson, Zhi Zhou, Robert L Cook, Nicole Ennis
OBJECTIVES: Antiretroviral therapy is affording longer lifespans for people living with HIV (PLWH), yet factors such as substance use play an increasing role in morbidity and mortality in this population. Though previous studies have examined substance use differences between age cohorts of PLWH, no study has examined the influence of birth cohort on current substance use patterns. Thus, this study investigated the prevalence of past 12-month self-reported substance use between four birth cohorts, <1970 (M age = 54...
February 13, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Asim M Zowgar, Muhammad I Siddiqui, Khalid M Alattas
OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of diabetes knowledge and to identify the main knowledge gaps among patients with diabetes (both types 1 and 2) as there is a high prevalence of diabetes in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Makkah city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and included governmental primary healthcare centers and hospitals from November 2016 until February 2017. A self-administrated Diabetes Knowledge Test 2 (DKT2) was used to determine the level of diabetes knowledge...
February 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Benjamin Thomas Curzon-Jones, Mark Andrew Hollands
Older adults with falls risk tend to look away prematurely from targets for safe foot placement to view future hazards; behaviour associated with increased anxiety and stepping inaccuracies. We aimed to determine the effectiveness of route previewing in reducing anxiety and optimizing gaze behaviour and stepping performance of younger and older adults. Nine younger and nine older adults completed six walks with three task complexities over two sessions. Each trial used either an isolated stepping target, or a target followed by either one or two obstacles...
February 13, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Carlene Wilson, Ingrid Flight, Ian T Zajac, Deborah Turnbull, Graeme P Young, Ian Olver
BACKGROUND: People seek information on the Web for managing their colorectal cancer (CRC) risk but retrieve much personally irrelevant material. Targeting information pertinent to this cohort via a frequently asked question (FAQ) format could improve outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We identified and prioritized colorectal cancer information for men and women aged 35 to 74 years (study 1) and built a website containing FAQs ordered by age and gender. In study 2, we conducted a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test whether targeted FAQs were more influential on intention to act on CRC risk than the same information accessed via a generic topic list...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Cancer
Sualeha S Shekhani, Shagufta Perveen, Dur-E-Sameen Hashmi, Khawaja Akbar, Sara Bachani, Murad M Khan
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major global public health problem with more than 800,000 incidents worldwide annually. Seventy-five percent of the global suicides occur in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Pakistan is a LMIC where information on suicidal behavior is limited. The aim of the review is to map available literature on determinants, risk factors and other variables of suicidal behavior in Pakistan. METHOD: This study was based on Arksey and O'Malley's methodological framework of scoping review, combining peer reviewed publications with grey literature...
February 12, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Christopher Kelly, Jennifer Craft Morgan, Candace L Kemp, Jerome Deichert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article was to develop a profile of direct care workers (DCWs) in assisted living (AL). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used data from 2014 American Community Survey (ACS) to identify the demographic and employment characteristics of AL DCWs. We collected state training requirements for AL DCWs from the administrative rules of state agencies and interviews with state officials. RESULTS: AL DCWs were more likely than other DCWs to be younger, male, White, English speaking, U...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Katherine E Schlusser, Shweta Sharma, Pola de la Torre, Giuseppe Tambussi, Rika Draenert, Angie N Pinto, Julia A Metcalf, Danielle German, James D Neaton, Oliver Laeyendecker
Identifying individuals with recent HIV infection is critical to research related to viral reservoirs, outbreak investigations and intervention applications. A multi-assay algorithm (MAA) for recency of infection was used in conjunction with self-reported date of infection and documented date of diagnosis to estimate the number of participants recently infected in the Strategic Timing of AntiRetroviral Treatment (START) trial. We tested samples for three groups of participants from START using a MAA: (1) 167 individuals who reported being infected ≤ 6 months before randomization; (2) 771 individuals who did not know their date of infection but were diagnosed within 6 months before randomization; and (3) as controls for the MAA, 199 individuals diagnosed with HIV ≥ 2 years before randomization...
February 9, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
D Rancourt, C D Jensen, K M Duraccio, E W Evans, R R Wing, E Jelalian
Treatments for adolescents with overweight/obesity demonstrate mixed success, which may be due to a lack of consideration for developmental changes during this period. Potential developmental differences in weight loss motivations, weight maintenance behaviours and the role of parents in these efforts were examined in a sample of successful adolescent weight losers. Participants enrolled in the Adolescent Weight Control Registry (n = 49) self-reported demographic information and weight history, reasons for weight loss and weight control, weight loss approach and weight maintenance strategies, and perceived parental involvement with weight loss...
February 9, 2018: Clinical Obesity
Miyuki Takase, Masako Yamamoto, Yoko Sato
BACKGROUND: While assessment made by nurses of themselves (self-assessment) and assessment made of them by others (other-assessment) provide unique and valuable information as to individual nurses' competence, the subjective nature of both assessments often causes a disagreement between them. This is problematic when educational interventions to foster nurses' competence are designed. However, the question of what factors contribute to the self-other disagreement in competence assessment has rarely been investigated in nursing...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Rossella Zucco, Francesco Lavano, Rosa Anfosso, Aida Bianco, Claudia Pileggi, Maria Pavia
BACKGROUND: The Internet represents an increasingly common source of health-related information. Internet and Social Media can be used to promote a prudent use of antibiotics. OBJECTIVE: To establish the extent of Internet and Social Media use to search for antibiotic related information and the potential implications in health care among adult population in Italy. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from March to May 2017, among a sample of parents of public school students...
March 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Mahin Nematollahi, Ahmad Ali Eslami
Background: Osteoporosis is common among women which may be mostly due to the low intake of calcium. This article reports the development, cultural adaptation and psychometric properties of a Calcium Intake Questionnaire based on the social cognitive theory (CIQ-SCT)among Iranian women. Methods: In 2016, this cross-sectional study was carried out among 400 younger than 50 years old women in Isfahan, Iran. After literature review, a preliminary 35-item questionnaire was developed. Then, forward-backward translation and cultural adaptation of the tool was conducted...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Anne E Cust, Georgina L Fenton, Amelia K Smit, David Espinoza, Suzanne Dobbinson, Alison Brodie, Huong Tran Cam Dang, Michael G Kimlin
Self-reported sun exposure is commonly measured using questionnaires or diaries, but there are limited data on their validity, particularly for population subgroups. This research aimed to compare self-reported sun exposure, measured as 1) habitual time outdoors over the past month on weekends and weekdays, and 2) a four-day diary measure, against objective measurement of personal ultraviolet radiation using polysulfone film dosimeters. From November 2015 to January 2016, 94 people (22-69 years and living in New South Wales, Australia) completed a questionnaire, 4-day diary and 4-day dosimeter measures of overall, weekday and weekend sun exposure...
February 8, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Jonas Bloch Thorlund, Carsten Bogh Juhl, Lina Holm Ingelsrud, Søren Thorgaard Skou
This statement aimed at summarising and appraising the available evidence for risk factors, diagnostic tools and non-surgical treatments for patients with meniscal tears. We systematically searched electronic databases using a pragmatic search strategy approach. Included studies were synthesised quantitatively or qualitatively, as appropriate. Strength of evidence was determined according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation framework. Low-quality evidence suggested that overweight (degenerative tears, k=3), male sex (k=4), contact and pivoting sports (k=2), and frequent occupational kneeling/squatting (k=3) were risk factors for meniscal tears...
February 2, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Tore Bonsaksen, Anners Lerdal, Trond Heir, Øivind Ekeberg, Laila Skogstad, Tine K Grimholt, Inger Schou-Bredal
AIMS: General self-efficacy (GSE) refers to optimistic self-beliefs of being able to perform and control behaviors, and is linked with various physical and mental health outcomes. Measures of self-efficacy are commonly used in health research with clinical populations, but are less explored in relationship to sociodemographic characteristics in general populations. This study investigated GSE in relation to sociodemographic characteristics in the general population in Norway. METHODS: As part of a larger national survey, the GSE scale was administered to a general population sample, and 1787 out of 4961 eligible participants (response rate 36%) completed the scale...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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