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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822557/family-history-of-cancer-predicts-endometrial-cancer-risk-independently-of-lynch-syndrome-implications-for-genetic-counselling
#1
Sharon E Johnatty, Yen Y Tan, Daniel D Buchanan, Michael Bowman, Rhiannon J Walters, Andreas Obermair, Michael A Quinn, Penelope B Blomfield, Alison Brand, Yee Leung, Martin K Oehler, Judy A Kirk, Tracy A O'Mara, Penelope M Webb, Amanda B Spurdle
OBJECTIVE: To determine endometrial cancer (EC) risk according to family cancer history, including assessment by degree of relatedness, type of and age at cancer diagnosis of relatives. METHODS: Self-reported family cancer history was available for 1353 EC patients and 628 controls. Logistic regression was used to quantify the association between EC and cancer diagnosis in ≥1 first or second degree relative, and to assess whether level of risk differed by degree of relationship and/or relative's age at diagnosis...
August 16, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820771/sexual-violence-among-college-students-an-examination-of-individual-and-institutional-level-factors-associated-with-perpetration
#2
Carolyn M Porta, Michelle A Mathiason, Katherine Lust, Marla E Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Sexual violence incidents involving college students have received media attention and increased awareness of this public health problem in the United States; prevention efforts are needed that target potential perpetrators. We examined characteristics of self-reported perpetrators of sexual violence on campuses. METHODS: This study used a secondary data analysis of the 2015 College Student Health Survey, an annual survey, which was completed by students attending 17 colleges/universities in Minnesota...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819207/long-term-consistency-in-chimpanzee-consolation-behaviour-reflects-empathetic-personalities
#3
Christine E Webb, Teresa Romero, Becca Franks, Frans B M de Waal
In contrast to a wealth of human studies, little is known about the ontogeny and consistency of empathy-related capacities in other species. Consolation-post-conflict affiliation from uninvolved bystanders to distressed others-is a suggested marker of empathetic concern in non-human animals. Using longitudinal data comprising nearly a decade of observations on over 3000 conflict interactions in 44 chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), we provide evidence for relatively stable individual differences in consolation behaviour...
August 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818439/variations-in-risk-of-asthma-and-seasonal-allergies-between-early-and-late-onset-pediatric-atopic-dermatitis-a-cohort-study
#4
Joy Wan, Nandita Mitra, Ole J Hoffstad, Joel M Gelfand, Albert C Yan, David J Margolis
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis is associated with other allergic conditions, but variations in this "atopic march" are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of the age of atopic dermatitis onset on the risk for asthma and seasonal allergies. METHODS: A cohort study was performed using the Pediatric Eczema Elective Registry, which is an observational cohort of subjects with pediatric onset atopic dermatitis. RESULTS: In total, 3966 children were included, and 73% reported atopic dermatitis onset before age 2 years...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818059/influence-of-sense-of-coherence-on-adolescents-self-perceived-dental-aesthetics-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Aline Cavalcanti da Costa, Fabrícia Soares Rodrigues, Priscila Prosini da Fonte, Aronita Rosenblatt, Nicola Patricia Thérèse Innes, Mônica Vilela Heimer
BACKGROUND: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a psychosocial factor capable of influencing perception of health, improving one's ability to manage life. It is the central construct of salutogenesis. SOC allows for identification and mobilization of resources to effectively manage or solve problems, promoting health and quality of life. Using Wilson-Cleary's conceptual model we hypothesized that SOC might contribute to self-perception of dental aesthetics. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SOC levels were related to self-perception of dental aesthetics against assessed normative orthodontic treatment need among adolescents...
August 17, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815571/functional-electrical-stimulation-of-the-ankle-dorsiflexors-during-walking-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Irene Moll, Johannes S H Vles, Dan L H M Soudant, Adhiambo M A Witlox, Heleen M Staal, Lucianne A W M Speth, Yvonne J M Janssen-Potten, Marcel Coenen, Suzanne M Koudijs, R Jeroen Vermeulen
AIM: To assess the effect of functional electrical stimulation (FES) of ankle dorsiflexors in children and adolescents with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) during walking. METHOD: A systematic review was performed using the American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine methodology and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Six databases were searched for studies applying interventions to patients aged younger than 20 years...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815388/guiding-patients-toward-the-appropriate-surgical-treatment-for-obesity-should-presurgery-psychological-correlates-influence-choice-between-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-vertical-sleeve-gastrectomy
#7
Gretchen E Ames, Michael G Heckman, Nancy N Diehl, Dustin M Shepherd, Allison A Holgerson, Karen B Grothe, Todd A Kellogg, Steven P Bowers, Matthew M Clark
BACKGROUND: Helping patients determine which type of bariatric surgery, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG), may be the best treatment can be challenging. This study investigated psychological correlates and their influence on weight loss for patients who underwent RYGB or VSG. METHODS: Four hundred twenty-two patients (RYGB = 305; VSG = 117) completed screening questionnaires presurgery and underwent surgery between August 2012 and April 2015...
August 16, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813168/examining-women-s-alcohol-consumption-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-self-identity
#8
Helen M Haydon, Patricia L Obst, Ioni Lewis
BACKGROUND: Changing trends demonstrate that women, in several economically developed countries, are drinking at higher levels than ever before. OBJECTIVE: This study applied an extended Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), including self-identity, to examine women's intentions to consume alcohol. METHODS: Women (N = 1069) aged 18-87 years, completed a questionnaire measuring their intentions to engage in binge drinking and frequent drinking...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810088/the-impact-of-maternal-diabetes-obesity-and-race-on-infant-birth-weights-in-south-dakota
#9
Kari L Halvorson, H Bruce Vogt, Lon Kightlinger, Dennis Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Maternal obesity, high gestational weight gain and diabetes mellitus during pregnancy are known risk factors that correlate with high infant birth weight and the mother's race. Previous studies have focused on low birth weight, prematurity and infant mortality. This study examined the interaction between race, maternal risk factors and high infant birth weights at the population level in South Dakota to identify factors contributing to the high Native American infant birth weights...
February 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807505/delayed-ejaculation-and-associated-complaints-relationship-to-ejaculation-times-and-serum-testosterone-levels
#10
Abraham Morgentaler, Paula Polzer, Stanley Althof, Alexander Bolyakov, Craig Donatucci, Xiao Ni, Ankur B Patel, Shehzad Basaria
BACKGROUND: Although delayed ejaculation (DE) is typically characterized as a persistently longer than anticipated or desired time to ejaculation (or orgasm) during sexual activity, a timing-based definition of DE and its association with serum testosterone has not been established in a large cohort. AIM: To examine in an observational study estimated intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) and masturbatory ejaculation latency time (MELT) in men self-reporting DE, assess the association of IELT and MELT with serum testosterone levels, and determine whether correlation with demographic and sexual parameters exist...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807133/the-tense-the-hostile-and-the-distressed-multidimensional-psychosocial-risk-profiles-based-on-the-esc-interview-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-the-thoresci-study
#11
Eveline van Montfort, Johan Denollet, Jeroen K Vermunt, Jos Widdershoven, Nina Kupper
BACKGROUND: While single psychosocial factors have been associated with cardiovascular outcomes, it is still unclear how they cluster. Therefore, we examined whether latent multidimensional psychosocial risk profiles could be identified in the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) psychosocial screening interview. Additionally we examined whether these profiles were associated with specific sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial characteristics. METHOD: 681 coronary artery disease patients (age=64...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807060/current-dietary-supplement-use-of-australian-military-veterans-of-middle-east-operations
#12
Jolieke C van der Pols, Jeeva Kanesarajah, Alison Bell, Chi-Wai Lui
OBJECTIVE: To assess patterns and levels of dietary supplement use among Australian Defence Forces, previously deployed to the Middle East Area of Operations. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. Participants of a large survey self-completed questions about dietary supplement use, health status, personal and job-related characteristics, and lifestyle factors. Frequency of current use of supplements was assessed in three categories (bodybuilding, energy and weight loss)...
August 15, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805175/outcomes-of-a-psycho-education-and-monitoring-programme-to-prevent-compulsory-admission-to-psychiatric-inpatient-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
B Lay, W Kawohl, W Rössler
BACKGROUND: There is a need for interventions that effectively reduce compulsory admission to psychiatry. We conducted a randomised controlled trial to investigate whether an innovative intervention programme prevents compulsory re-admission in people with serious mental illness. METHODS: The programme addresses primarily patients' self-management skills. It consists of individualised psychoeducation focusing on behaviours prior to and during illness-related crises, crisis cards and, after discharge from the psychiatric hospital, a 24-month preventive monitoring...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803784/race-ethnic-disparities-in-cardiometabolic-risk-profiles-among-stroke-survivors-with-undiagnosed-diabetes-and-prediabetes-in-the-united-states
#14
Okkyung Kim, Bruce Ovbiagele, Natalie Valle, Daniela Markovic, Amytis Towfighi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Up to 25% of the U.S. population has undiagnosed diabetes. Diabetes and stroke both disproportionately afflict race/ethnic minorities. We assessed race/ethnic differences in the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes, prediabetes, and cardiometabolic risk profiles among stroke survivors in the United States. METHODS: The prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes among adults (≥20 years) with a self-reported history of stroke was assessed using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) from 1999 to 2010...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802181/temporal-change-to-self-rated-health-in-the-swiss-population-from-1997-to-2012-the-roles-of-age-gender-and-education
#15
T Volken, F Wieber, P Rüesch, M Huber, R J Crawford
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to describe the temporal changes in self-rated health status (SRH) from 1997 to 2012 in adults aged 25 to 84 residing in Switzerland, with a view to identifying groups at risk for declining health. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of population-based cross-sectional health surveys. METHODS: Data were collected from the cross-sectional, population-based, five-year Swiss Health Survey, from 1997, 2002, 2007 and 2012...
August 9, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797262/when-a-parent-dies-a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-support-programs-for-parentally-bereaved-children-and-their-caregivers
#16
Ann-Sofie Bergman, Ulf Axberg, Elizabeth Hanson
BACKGROUND: The death of a parent is a highly stressful life event for bereaved children. Several studies have shown an increased risk of mental ill-health and psychosocial problems among affected children. The aims of this study were to systematically review studies about effective support interventions for parentally bereaved children and to identify gaps in the research. METHODS: The review's inclusion criteria were comparative studies with samples of parentally bereaved children...
August 10, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793368/suitability-of-asthma-education-materials-for-school-age-children-implications-for-health-literacy
#17
Yu-Fen Tzeng, Bih-Shya Gau
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the suitability of asthma education materials for school-age children with asthma and elucidated how these children used their health-literacy abilities to identify whether the materials can be accepted, comprehended, and applied. BACKGROUND: Effective asthma self-management education is influenced by the suitability of materials and an individual's health literacy. DESIGN: A mixed-method research design was developed using quantitative and qualitative surveys...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783855/the-preference-of-women-and-men-regarding-female-genital-depilation
#18
Maria Luiza Prudente de Oliveira Sangiorgi, Lucia Alves da Silva Lara, Maria Rita Lerri, Rui Alberto Ferriani, Adriana Peterson Mariano Salata Romão
Purpose To evaluate the preferences of women and men regarding female pubic hair depilation and identify possible reasons for these preferences. Methods This is a cross-sectional study of men and women over 18 years old who were invited by the official blog of our institution to respond anonymously to an online and self-administered questionnaire made by the researchers. The analyses were made using the Statistical Analysis System (SAS, SAS Inc., Cary, NC, US) software, version 9.3, and contingency tables were used to verify the distribution of variables...
August 7, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782805/individual-difference-factors-and-beliefs-in-medical-and-political-conspiracy-theories
#19
Natasha Galliford, Adrian Furnham
This study examined the relationship between a series of individual difference measures and belief in political and medical conspiracy theories. Participants (N = 323) rated 20 conspiracy theories (10 medical, 10 political) and completed a set of questionnaires. Belief in political conspiracies was strongly positively correlated with belief in medical conspiracies. Belief in both conspiracy types was correlated with low self-esteem, low Conscientiousness, more right-wing political views, younger age, and greater belief in the benefits of Alternative Medicine...
August 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781890/self-reported-pregnancy-exposures-and-placental-dna-methylation-in-the-marbles-prospective-autism-sibling-study
#20
Rebecca J Schmidt, Diane I Schroeder, Florence K Crary-Dooley, Jacqueline M Barkoski, Daniel J Tancredi, Cheryl K Walker, Sally Ozonoff, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Janine M LaSalle
Human placenta is a fetal-derived tissue that offers a unique sample of epigenetic and environmental exposures present in utero. In the MARBLES prospective pregnancy study of high-risk younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), pregnancy and environmental factors collected by maternal interviews were examined as predictors of placental DNA methylation, including partially methylated domains (PMDs), an embryonic feature of the placental methylome. DNA methylation data from MethylC-seq analysis of 47 placentas of children clinically diagnosed at 3 years with ASD or typical development using standardized assessments were examined in relation to: child's gestational age, birth-weight, and diagnosis; maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index, smoking, education, parity, height, prenatal vitamin and folate intake; home ownership; pesticides professionally applied to lawns or gardens or inside homes, pet flea/tick pouches, collars, or soaps/shampoos used in the 3 months prior to or during pregnancy...
December 2016: Environmental Epigenetics
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