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J Hofierková
OBJECTIVE: This case report draw attention symphysis pubic dysfunction and injury pelvic girdle by vaginal delivary (in our case compliated by dystokia shoulders), mainly its diagnostic, prediction and treatment. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Hospital Česká Lípa. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 31 years old woman, who gave birth for the second time with rupture of symphysis after delivery...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
Eugene Lin, Po-Hsiu Kuo, Yu-Li Liu, Albert C Yang, Chung-Feng Kao, Shih-Jen Tsai
Increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been associated with the APOA5, APOC1, BRAP, BUD13, CETP, LIPA, LPL, PLCG1, and ZPR1 genes. In this replication study, we reassessed whether these genes are associated with MetS and its individual components independently and/or through complex interactions in a Taiwanese population. We also analyzed the interactions between environmental factors and these genes in influencing MetS and its individual components. A total of 3,000 Taiwanese subjects were assessed in this study...
November 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
Michał Lipa, Dorota Bomba-Opoń, Jacek Lipa, Paweł Bartnik, Zbigniew Bartoszewicz, Mirosław Wielgoś
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate first trimester maternal serum levels of lipoxin A4 (LXA4) in prediction of intrauterine fetal growth. METHODS: Study group of 185 patients in singleton pregnancy divided into 3 subgroups according to neonatal birthweight: ≤10 th percentile (SGA), 11- 89th percentile (AGA) and ≥90 percentile (LGA). RESULTS: We observed decreased values of LXA4 concentations, both in SGA- and LGA groups, when compared to AGA (68.91±33...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Yue Feng, Song Liu, Yun Jiao, Hui Gao, Miao Wang, Guocheng Du, Jian Chen
L-asparaginase (EC, ASN) exhibits great commercial value due to its uses in the food and medicine industry. In this study, we reported the enhanced expression of type II ASN from Bacillus subtilis 168 in B. subtilis WB600 through a combined strategy. First, eight signal peptides (the signal peptide of the ASN, ywbN, yvgO, amyE, oppA, vpr, lipA, and wapA) were used for ASN secretion in B. subtilis by using Hpa II promoter, respectively. The signal peptide wapA achieved the highest extracellular ASN activity (28...
October 28, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Wasun Chantratita, Keum-Soo Song, Choi GunHo, Viroj Pongthanapisith, Nipa Thongbaiphet, Garanyuta Wongtabtim, Ekawat Pasomsub, Kanokwan Angkanavin, Satish Balasaheb Nimse, Mukesh Digambar Sonawane, Shrikant Dasharath Warkad, Taisun Kim
In this article, we describe the 6 HCV Genotyping 9G test and its evaluation by using clinical samples and plasmid DNA standards. In tests with 981 plasmid DNA standards, the 6 HCV Genotyping 9G test showed higher than 92.5% sensitivity and 99.4% specificity. The 6 HCV Genotyping 9G test was compared with the VERSANT HCV Genotype 2.0 assay (LiPA 2.0) for detection and discrimination of HCV genotypes in clinical samples. The results of both tests were verified by genomic sequencing. The 6 HCV Genotyping 9G test demonstrated a 100% agreement with the sequencing results, which was higher than LiPA 2...
January 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
Nídia Cangi, Jonathan L Gordon, Laure Bournez, Valérie Pinarello, Rosalie Aprelon, Karine Huber, Thierry Lefrançois, Luís Neves, Damien F Meyer, Nathalie Vachiéry
The disease, Heartwater, caused by the Anaplasmataceae E. ruminantium, represents a major problem for tropical livestock and wild ruminants. Up to now, no effective vaccine has been available due to a limited cross protection of vaccinal strains on field strains and a high genetic diversity of Ehrlichia ruminantium within geographical locations. To address this issue, we inferred the genetic diversity and population structure of 194 E. ruminantium isolates circulating worldwide using Multilocus Sequence Typing based on lipA, lipB, secY, sodB, and sucA genes...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
R K Hansen, J B Andersen, A S Vinther, U Pielmeier, R G Larsen
A randomized, controlled, cross-over study was used to investigate the effects of breaking up prolonged sitting with low intensity physical activity on postprandial blood glucose concentrations in healthy, young, normal-weight adults. 14 men (n=6) and women (n=8) were assigned to 2.5 h of prolonged sitting (CON) and 2.5 h of prolonged sitting with 2-min bouts of walking every 20 min (LIPA). After ingesting a standardized test drink, capillary blood was sampled every 10 min to establish a postprandial blood glucose profile...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
V G Freitas, G R Focchi, E R Pereira, J E Levi, N M G Speck, J C Ribalta
The association between high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes and p16 expression in indigenous women from the Xingu Indigenous Park, Brazil, was unknown. This study evaluated p16 expression in women with a histological diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 3 or higher and correlated this expression with HPV genotypes to determine possible discrepancies in the expression of this marker. We evaluated 37 previously collected samples with different HPV genotypes and high-grade lesions diagnosed based on cytology, histology, and colposcopy...
September 16, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Ennio Polilli, Valeria Cento, Umberto Restelli, Francesca Ceccherini-Silberstein, Marianna Aragri, Velia Chiara Di Maio, Antonina Sciacca, Fiorenzo Santoleri, Paolo Fazii, Alberto Costantini, Carlo Federico Perno, Giustino Parruti
Available commercial assays may yield inaccurate hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype assignment in up to 10% of cases. We investigated the cost-effectiveness of re-evaluating HCV genotype by population sequencing, prior to choosing a direct acting antiviral (DAA) regimen. Between March and September 2015, HCV sequence analysis was performed in order to confirm commercial LiPA-HCV genotype (Versant(®) HCV Genotype 2.0) in patients eligible for treatment with DAAs. Out of 134 consecutive patients enrolled, sequencing yielded 21 (15...
2016: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
M Taberna, C Resteghini, B Swanson, R K L Pickard, B Jiang, W Xiao, M Mena, P Kreinbrink, E Chio, M L Gillison
BACKGROUND: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a cause of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), but its pathogenic role in larynx squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) remains unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-institutional, retrospective case-series was performed to estimate the etiological fraction (EF) for HPV in LSCC. Eligible cases included 436 consecutive cases of LSCC diagnosed (2005-2014) at The Ohio State University Medical Center. HPV DNA presence was detected by consensus primer PCR (Inno-LiPa) and HPV type-specific qPCR...
October 2016: Oral Oncology
Staci L Sudenga, B Nelson Torres, William J Fulp, Roberto Silva, Luisa L Villa, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Donna J Ingles, Mark Stoler, Jane L Messina, Martha Abrahamsen, Maria Luiza Baggio, Jorge Salmeron, Manuel Quiterio, Anna R Giuliano
The purpose of this study was to assess whether the incidence of histopathologically confirmed condyloma and penile intraepithelial neoplasia (PeIN) and rates of genital HPV infection progression to these lesions differs by country (Brazil, Mexico and the U.S.). At each visit, lesions were biopsied and were categorized by pathologic diagnoses. The Linear Array genotyping method was used to identify HPV genotypes from genital swabs, while the INNO-LiPA HPV Genotyping Extra method was used for tissue specimens...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Ameya A Mashruwala, Christina A Roberts, Shiven Bhatt, Kerrie L May, Ronan K Carroll, Lindsey N Shaw, Jeffrey M Boyd
Staphylococcus aureus SufT is composed solely of the domain of unknown function 59 (DUF59) and has a role in the maturation of iron-sulphur (Fe-S) proteins. We report that SufT is essential for S. aureus when growth is heavily reliant upon lipoamide-utilizing enzymes, but dispensable when this reliance is decreased. LipA requires Fe-S clusters for lipoic acid (LA) synthesis and a ΔsufT strain had phenotypes suggestive of decreased LA production and decreased activities of lipoamide-requiring enzymes. Fermentative growth, a null clpC allele, or decreased flux through the TCA cycle diminished the demand for LA and rendered SufT non-essential...
September 27, 2016: Molecular Microbiology
Ryan W Himes, Sarah E Barlow, Kevin Bove, Norma M Quintanilla, Rachel Sheridan, Rohit Kohli
Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LAL-D) is a classic lysosomal storage disorder characterized by accumulation of cholesteryl ester and triglyceride. Although it is associated with progressive liver injury, fibrosis, and end-stage liver disease in children and adolescents, LAL-D frequently presents with nonspecific signs that overlap substantially with other, more common, chronic conditions like nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), metabolic syndrome, and certain inherited dyslipidemias. We present 2 children with NAFLD who achieved clinically significant weight reduction through healthy eating and exercise, but who failed to have the anticipated improvements in aminotransferases and γ-glutamyl transferase...
September 13, 2016: Pediatrics
Wasun Chantratita, Keum-Soo Song, Viroj Pongthanapisith, Nipa Thongbaiphet, Kanokwan Angkanavin, Satish Balasaheb Nimse, Mukesh Digambar Sonawane, Taisun Kim
A significant proportion of patients with chronic Hepatitis B infection require antiviral therapy during their life time. The Antiviral therapy with lamivudine or adefovir or telbivudine has shown to be a major risk factor for selection of resistance. Eighty percent of patients showed a development of lamivudine-resistant strains after five years of treatment with lamivudine alone. Adefovir and telbivudine inhibit HBV with very high efficacy and have moderate incidences of drug resistance. Entecavir and tenofovir have been shown to have a higher barrier to resistance with rates of less than 1...
November 2016: Journal of Virological Methods
Małgorzata Polz-Dacewicz, Małgorzata Strycharz-Dudziak, Jakub Dworzański, Agnieszka Stec, Joanna Kocot
BACKGROUND: Each year approximately 6,000 new cases of head and neck cancer are registered in Poland. Human papillomavirus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) have been associated with tumour formation. Cytokines have been shown to play an important role both in inflammation and carcinogenesis and they can be detected in saliva and serum with ELISA assays. Salivary biomarkers may be used as markers of early cancer detection. The aim of this study was the analysis of the serum and salivary levels of IL-10, TNF-α, TGF-β and VEGF in patients with oropharyngeal cancer and in healthy individuals...
2016: Infectious Agents and Cancer
Tyler J Severson, Siddesh Besur, Herbert L Bonkovsky
AIM: To investigate roles of genetic polymorphisms in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) onset, severity, and outcome through systematic literature review. METHODS: The authors conducted both systematic and specific searches of PubMed through December 2015 with special emphasis on more recent data (from 2012 onward) while still drawing from more historical data for background. We identified several specific genetic polymorphisms that have been most researched and, at this time, appear to have the greatest clinical significance on NAFLD and similar hepatic diseases...
August 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
M Salmona, A Caporossi, P Simmonds, M-A Thélu, K Fusillier, S Mercier-Delarue, N De Castro, J LeGoff, M-L Chaix, O François, F Simon, P Morand, S Larrat, S Maylin
We report the near-full-length genome sequence of a hepatitis C virus (HCV) isolate from a man originating from Democratic Republic of Congo, the genotype of which could not be determined by the routinely used sequencing technique. The near-complete genome sequence of this variant BAK1 was obtained by the association of two next-generation sequencing technologies. Evolutionary analysis indicates that this isolate, BAK1, could be the first reported strain belonging to a new HCV-7b subtype. This new subtype has been incorrectly identified as genotype 2 by the Versant HCV Genotype 2...
November 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Anna Manawapat-Klopfer, Louise T Thomsen, Peter Martus, Christian Munk, Rainer Russ, Hans Gmuender, Kirsten Frederiksen, Juliane Haedicke-Jarboui, Frank Stubenrauch, Susanne K Kjaer, Thomas Iftner
Women persistently infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 are at high risk for development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 or cervical cancer (CIN3+). We aimed to identify biomarkers for progression to CIN3+ in women with persistent HPV16 infection. In this prospective study, 11,088 women aged 20-29 years were enrolled during 1991-1993, and re-invited for a second visit two years later. Cervical cytology samples obtained at both visits were tested for HPV DNA by Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2), and HC2-positive samples were genotyped by INNO-LiPA...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Martin I McLaughlin, Nicholas D Lanz, Peter J Goldman, Kyung-Hoon Lee, Squire J Booker, Catherine L Drennan
Lipoyl synthase (LipA) catalyzes the insertion of two sulfur atoms at the unactivated C6 and C8 positions of a protein-bound octanoyl chain to produce the lipoyl cofactor. To activate its substrate for sulfur insertion, LipA uses a [4Fe-4S] cluster and S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) radical chemistry; the remainder of the reaction mechanism, especially the source of the sulfur, has been less clear. One controversial proposal involves the removal of sulfur from a second (auxiliary) [4Fe-4S] cluster on the enzyme, resulting in destruction of the cluster during each round of catalysis...
August 23, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Paul D Loprinzi, Jeremy P Loenneke
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has examined associations of sedentary behavior (SB), light-intensity physical activity (LIPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and mortality. However, most of these studies have been limited to examining their potential "independent" effects, as opposed to whether mortality risk and HRQOL vary as a function of waking time in these discretionary movement-related behaviors, which was this study's purpose...
August 5, 2016: Quality of Life Research
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