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Sumbul Afroz, Jeevan Giddaluru, Sandeep Vishwakarma, Saima Naz, Aleem Ahmed Khan, Nooruddin Khan
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a symmetric polyarticular arthritis, has long been feared as one of the most disabling forms of arthritis. Identification of gene signatures associated with RA onset and progression would lead toward development of novel diagnostics and therapeutic interventions. This study was undertaken to identify unique gene signatures of RA patients through large-scale meta-profiling of a diverse collection of gene expression data sets. We carried out a meta-analysis of 8 publicly available RA patients' (107 RA patients and 76 healthy controls) gene expression data sets and further validated a few meta-signatures in RA patients through quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Rinat Hackmon, Lakmini Pinnaduwage, Jianhong Zhang, Stephen J Lye, Daniel E Geraghty, Caroline E Dunk
PROBLEM: The extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) express HLA-C and HLA-G, but HLA-E and HLA-F are the subject of conflicting reports. In this study, we define the HLA expression profile during active EVT placental implantation, pregnancy development, and parturition. METHOD OF STUDY: Immunohistochemistry, q-PCR, and Western blot were used to investigate HLA-C, HLA-E, and HLA-F placental expression across gestation from the early first trimester, late first trimester, second trimester (n=10 in each), preterm gestation (n=6) to elective term cesarean section and term vaginal deliveries (n=12, 38-41 weeks)...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Ka-Liong Tan, Francesco Pezzella
The capabilities of tumour cells to survive through deregulated cell cycles and evade apoptosis are hallmarks of cancer. The ubiquitin-like proteins (UBL) proteasome system is important in regulating cell cycles via signaling proteins. Deregulation of the proteasomal system can lead to uncontrolled cell proliferation. The Skp, Cullin, F-box containing complex (SCF complex) is the predominant E3 ubiquitin ligase, and has diverse substrates. The ubiquitin ligase activity of the SCF complexes requires the conjugation of neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally down-regulated 8 (NEDD8) to cullin proteins...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
Simon Kollnberger
HLA-class I molecules form trimeric complexes (pMHC) of peptides, class I heavy chains, and β2microglobulins (β2m) that regulate immune responses by binding to T cells and other immune receptors. B2m-free class I heavy chains (FHCs) form on cells either as a consequence of the natural turnover of pMHC or, in the case of HLA-F, are expressed without β2m. Distinct characteristics of certain HLA-class I members, such as HLA-B27 and HLA-F, stabilize these forms facilitating interactions with immune receptors...
2016: Critical Reviews in Immunology
Hong Zhu, Wei Xia, Xing-Bo Mo, Xiang Lin, Ying-Hua Qiu, Neng-Jun Yi, Yong-Hong Zhang, Fei-Yan Deng, Shu-Feng Lei
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex autoimmune disease. Using a gene-based association research strategy, the present study aims to detect unknown susceptibility to RA and to address the ethnic differences in genetic susceptibility to RA between European and Asian populations. METHODS: Gene-based association analyses were performed with KGG 2.5 by using publicly available large RA datasets (14,361 RA cases and 43,923 controls of European subjects, 4,873 RA cases and 17,642 controls of Asian Subjects)...
2016: PloS One
Wei Xia, Jian Wu, Fei-Yan Deng, Long-Fei Wu, Yong-Hong Zhang, Yu-Fan Guo, Shu-Feng Lei
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease. So far, it is unclear whether there exist common RA-related genes shared in different tissues/cells. In this study, we conducted an integrative analysis on multiple datasets to identify potential shared genes that are significant in multiple tissues/cells for RA. Seven microarray gene expression datasets representing various RA-related tissues/cells were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Statistical analyses, testing both marginal and joint effects, were conducted to identify significant genes shared in various samples...
November 3, 2016: Immunogenetics
Dingxiang Dong, Weifan Jiang, Jun Lei, Leifeng Chen, Xiuxia Liu, Jin Ge, Ben Che, Xiaoqing Xi, Jianghua Shao
Human HLA-F adjacent transcript 10 (FAT10) is a member of the ubiquitin-like-modifier family of proteins, which have been implicated in cancer development. In addition, the Survivin protein promotes proliferation in bladder cancer (BC). In this study, we explored the link between FAT10 and Survivin. FAT10 expression was dramatically up-regulated in BC tissue samples, and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that BC patients with high FAT10 expression had shorter overall survival than those with low FAT10 expression...
October 28, 2016: Oncotarget
Federico Carlini, Virginia Ferreira, Stéphane Buhler, Audrey Tous, Jean-François Eliaou, Céline René, Jacques Chiaroni, Christophe Picard, Julie Di Cristofaro
The HLA-A locus is surrounded by HLA class Ib genes: HLA-E, HLA-H, HLA-G and HLA-F. HLA class Ib molecules are involved in immuno-modulation with a central role for HLA-G and HLA-E, an emerging role for HLA-F and a yet unknown function for HLA-H. Thus, the principal objective of this study was to describe the main allelic associations between HLA-A and HLA-H, -G, -F and -E. Therefore, HLA-A, -E, -G, -H and -F coding polymorphisms, as well as HLA-G UnTranslated Region haplotypes (referred to as HLA-G UTRs), were explored in 191 voluntary blood donors...
2016: PloS One
Aura Burian, Kevin L Wang, Kathryn A K Finton, Ni Lee, Akiko Ishitani, Roland K Strong, Daniel E Geraghty
Based on previous findings supporting HLA-F as a ligand for KIR3DL2 and KIR2DS4, we investigated the potential for MHC-I open conformers (OCs) as ligands for KIR3DS1 and KIR3DL1 through interactions measured by surface plasmon resonance. These measurements showed physical binding of KIR3DS1 but not KIR3DL1 with HLA-F and other MHC-I OC while also confirming the allotype specific binding of KIR3DL1 with MHC-I peptide complex. Concordant results were obtained with biochemical pull-down from cell lines and biochemical heterodimerization experiments with recombinant proteins...
2016: PloS One
Chao Wu, Ye Liu, Xiangxiang Gu, Tianhui Zhu, Shuang Yang, Wei Sun
In eukaryotic cells, the post-translational modification of proteins by ubiquitin or ubiquitin-like proteins (UBLs) is the most common trigger for protein degradation and is involved in the regulation of a wide range of biological processes. FAT10 (HLA-F-adjacent transcript 10), which belongs to the UBL family, is activated specifically through the UBA6-USE1 cascade and targets substrates covalently for 26S proteasomal degradation. LMO2 is a well-recognized transcriptional regulator in hematopoietic and endothelial systems; however, it is predominantly located in the cytoplasm of epithelium-derived cells...
September 23, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Sarah J Richardson, Teresa Rodriguez-Calvo, Ivan C Gerling, Clayton E Mathews, John S Kaddis, Mark A Russell, Marie Zeissler, Pia Leete, Lars Krogvold, Knut Dahl-Jørgensen, Matthias von Herrath, Alberto Pugliese, Mark A Atkinson, Noel G Morgan
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Human pancreatic beta cells may be complicit in their own demise in type 1 diabetes, but how this occurs remains unclear. One potentially contributing factor is hyperexpression of HLA class I antigens. This was first described approximately 30 years ago, but has never been fully characterised and was recently challenged as artefactual. Therefore, we investigated HLA class I expression at the protein and RNA levels in pancreases from three cohorts of patients with type 1 diabetes...
November 2016: Diabetologia
Wilfredo F Garcia-Beltran, Angelique Hölzemer, Gloria Martrus, Amy W Chung, Yovana Pacheco, Camille R Simoneau, Marijana Rucevic, Pedro A Lamothe-Molina, Thomas Pertel, Tae-Eun Kim, Haley Dugan, Galit Alter, Julie Dechanet-Merville, Stephanie Jost, Mary Carrington, Marcus Altfeld
The activating natural killer (NK)-cell receptor KIR3DS1 has been linked to the outcome of various human diseases, including delayed progression of disease caused by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), yet a ligand that would account for its biological effects has remained unknown. We screened 100 HLA class I proteins and found that KIR3DS1 bound to HLA-F, a result we confirmed biochemically and functionally. Primary human KIR3DS1(+) NK cells degranulated and produced antiviral cytokines after encountering HLA-F and inhibited HIV-1 replication in vitro...
September 2016: Nature Immunology
Thálitta Hetamaro Ayala Lima, Renato Vidal Buttura, Eduardo Antônio Donadi, Luciana Caricati Veiga-Castelli, Celso Teixeira Mendes-Junior, Erick C Castelli
Human Leucocyte Antigen F (HLA-F) is a non-classical HLA class I gene distinguished from its classical counterparts by low allelic polymorphism and distinctive expression patterns. Its exact function remains unknown. It is believed that HLA-F has tolerogenic and immune modulatory properties. Currently, there is little information regarding the HLA-F allelic variation among human populations and the available studies have evaluated only a fraction of the HLA-F gene segment and/or have searched for known alleles only...
October 2016: Human Immunology
Courtney K Burrows, Gülüm Kosova, Catherine Herman, Kristen Patterson, Katherine E Hartmann, Digna R Velez Edwards, Mary D Stephenson, Vincent J Lynch, Carole Ober
Fertility traits in humans are heritable, however, little is known about the genes that influence reproductive outcomes or the genetic variants that contribute to differences in these traits between individuals, particularly women. To address this gap in knowledge, we performed an unbiased genome-wide expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) mapping study to identify common regulatory (expression) single nucleotide polymorphisms (eSNPs) in mid-secretory endometrium. We identified 423 cis-eQTLs for 132 genes that were significant at a false discovery rate (FDR) of 1%...
July 2016: PLoS Genetics
SungWon Song, Carlos J Miranda, Lyndsey Braun, Kathrin Meyer, Ashley E Frakes, Laura Ferraiuolo, Shibi Likhite, Adam K Bevan, Kevin D Foust, Michael J McConnell, Christopher M Walker, Brian K Kaspar
Astrocytes isolated from individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are toxic to motor neurons (MNs) and play a non-cell autonomous role in disease pathogenesis. The mechanisms underlying the susceptibility of MNs to cell death remain unclear. Here we report that astrocytes derived from either mice bearing mutations in genes associated with ALS or human subjects with ALS reduce the expression of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHCI) molecules on MNs; reduced MHCI expression makes these MNs susceptible to astrocyte-induced cell death...
April 2016: Nature Medicine
Ines Zidi, Najla Kharrat, Rania Abdelhedi, Amna Ben Hassine, Ahmed Baligh Laaribi, Hamza Ben Yahia, Nouha Bouayed Abdelmoula, Leila Abid, Ahmed Rebai, Roberta Rizzo
AIMS: Several evidences suggest the association between the evolution of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the development of coronary syndrome that is often associated with disrupted plaque and partial or complete thrombosis of the related artery. Because of the inflammatory nature of CAD, we investigated the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G, HLA-E, and HLA-F genetic polymorphisms within CAD patients and evaluated their potential association with this disease in Tunisian population. METHODS: Different polymorphisms in HLA-G (14-bp Insertion/Deletion, +3142C/G), HLA-E (HLA-E*01:01/01:03 A/G), HLA-F (HLA-F*01:02 T/C, 01:03 C/T, 01:04 A/C) genes were typed using different laboratory techniques in a cohort of 89 CAD patients and 84 controls...
April 2016: Human Immunology
V Jucaud, M H Ravindranath, P I Terasaki, L E Morales-Buenrostro, F Hiepe, T Rose, R Biesen
T lymphocyte hyperactivity and progressive inflammation in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients results in over-expression of human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-Ib on the surface of lymphocytes. These are shed into the circulation upon inflammation, and may augment production of antibodies promoting pathogenicity of the disease. The objective was to evaluate the association of HLA-Ib (HLA-E, HLA-F and HLA-G) antibodies to the disease activity of SLE. The immunoglobulin (Ig)G/IgM reactivity to HLA-Ib and β2m in the sera of 69 German, 29 Mexican female SLE patients and 17 German female controls was measured by multiplex Luminex(®)-based flow cytometry...
March 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
N M Suraeva, L F Morozova, A V Samoilov, O S Burova, V A Golubeva, M A Baryshnikova, A Yu Baryshnikov
Exposure of Mel Ibr human melanoma cells to chicken embryo extract resulted in the appearance of a subclone with morphological and growth characteristics similar to those of embryonic stem cells. The subclone differed from the parental line cells by a sharply reduced percentage of HLA-DR(+) and CD54(+) cells, a significantly elevated percentage of CD63(+) cells, and appearance of CD133(+) and Oct-4A(+) cells. Hence, the subclone cells were characterized by the same features as stem tumor cells and could be responsible for further progress of tumor growth...
August 2015: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
W Zhang, Y He, W Wang, Z Han, J He, N Chen, L Dong, S Tao, J He, F Zhu, H Lv
The DNA-based method is used widely for HLA genotyping in routine work, but some allele may be dropout in the genotyping procedure. Here, we reported a case with HLA-A allele dropout in the Sanger PCR-SBT test. The initial PCR-SBT method with a commercial agent kit was not characterized, and the result of Luminex technology indicated the dropout as a HLA-A*02 allele. Subsequently, the sequences of exons 2-4 were fully matched with the A*02:07 and A*11:01:01 by allele group-specific primer amplification PCR-SBT...
December 2015: International Journal of Immunogenetics
Ian Nivison-Smith, Peter Bardy, Anthony J Dodds, David D F Ma, Donna Aarons, Steven Tran, Leonie Wilcox, Jeff Szer
This report describes hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) activity and outcome in Australia and New Zealand during the years 2005 to 2013. In 2013, 1018 autologous, 221 allogeneic with related donors, and 264 allogeneic with unrelated donors HCT were performed in 40 centers in Australia, with corresponding figures of 147, 39, and 47 in 6 centers in New Zealand. Annual numbers of HCT in 2013 increased, compared to 2005, by 25% in Australia and by 52% in New Zealand. The majority of both allogeneic and autologous HCT used peripheral blood as the stem cell source for all years studied...
February 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
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