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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642342/survival-of-contagious-ovine-digital-dermatitis-codd-associated-treponemes-on-disposable-gloves-after-handling-codd-affected-feet
#1
J W Angell, S R Clegg, D H Grove-White, R W Blowey, S D Carter, J S Duncan, N J Evans
Both contagious ovine digital dermatitis (CODD) and bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) are causes of infectious lameness in sheep and cattle, respectively, and are strongly associated with the presence of specific treponemes, with three different cultivable phylogroups commonly isolated: Treponema medium, Treponema phagedenis and Treponema pedis The aim of this study was to investigate the potential to transmit CODD-associated Treponema species via gloves used when handling visibly clinically affected animals...
June 22, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629299/farm-and-cow-level-prevalence-of-bovine-digital-dermatitis-on-dairy-farms-in-taranaki-new-zealand
#2
D A Yang, C Heuer, R Laven, W D Vink, R N Chesterton
AIMS: This aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the herd and cow-level prevalence of bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) in dairy farms in the northern Taranaki region of New Zealand, and to identify whether there was any spatial clustering of herds with the disease. METHODS: A survey of 224 dairy farms in the northern Taranaki region of New Zealand was undertaken from September 2014 to February 2015. Following training in robust criteria to confirm BDD visually, a technician inspected the rear feet of every milking cow on the farms during milking...
June 19, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628298/selective-electrocatalytic-degradation-of-odorous-mercaptans-derived-from-s-au-bond-recognition-on-a-dendritic-gold-boron-doped-diamond-composite-electrode
#3
Shouning Chai, Yujing Wang, Ya-Nan Zhang, Meichuan Liu, Yanbin Wang, Guohua Zhao
To improve selectivity of electrocatalytic degrading to toxic, odorous thiophenol in wastewater, the fractal-structured dendritic Au/BDD (boron doped diamond) anode with molecular recognition is fabricated through facile replacement method. The characterizations of SEM and TEM show that the gold dendrites compose of single crystalline and have high population of the Au (111) facet. The distinctive structure endows the electrode with advantages of low resistivity, high active surface area, and prominent electrocatalytic activity...
June 19, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621920/hydroxide-ion-oxidation-in-aqueous-solutions-using-boron-doped-diamond-electrodes
#4
Irkham, Takeshi Watanabe, Yasuaki Einaga
The electrochemical oxidation behavior of hydroxide ions at the surface of boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes is presented. The hydroxide ion oxidation behavior was found to be affected by the surface conditions of the BDD electrode. Over the NaOH concentration range of 0.5-10 mM, a well-defined voltammetric wave attributed to hydroxide ion oxidation was observed at ∼1.25 V versus a Ag/AgCl reference electrode when using an anodically oxidized BDD (AO-BDD) electrode, while it was observed at around ∼1...
June 16, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611331/body-dysmorphic-disorder-diagnosis-clinical-aspects-and-treatment-strategies
#5
REVIEW
Rajiv Ahluwalia, Navneet Kaur Bhatia, Priyanka Sethi Kumar, Parvinder Kaur
AIM: With the increased demand to undertake dental aesthetic and reconstructive procedures, it is imperative for all dental clinicians to have an understanding of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Patient's preoccupations with perceived defect in appearance or excessive concern about minimal flaws are among diagnostic criteria of BDD. Such patients are difficult to please and often undergo cosmetic procedures such as orthodontic treatment. METHODOLOGY: Literature search in PubMed/MEDLINE was conducted from 1891 to 2015...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577583/long-term-outcomes-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-adolescent-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#6
Georgina Krebs, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Benedetta Monzani, Laura Bowyer, Martin Anson, Jacinda Cadman, Isobel Heyman, Cynthia Turner, David Veale, David Mataix-Cols
Emerging evidence suggests that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an efficacious treatment for adolescent body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in the short term, but longer-term outcomes remain unknown. The current study aimed to follow up a group of adolescents who had originally participated in a randomized controlled trial of CBT for BDD to determine whether treatment gains were maintained. Twenty-six adolescents (mean age = 16.2, SD = 1.6) with a primary diagnosis of BDD received a course of developmentally tailored CBT and were followed up over 12 months...
July 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567674/electro-fenton-oxidation-of-para-aminosalicylic-acid-degradation-kinetics-and-mineralization-pathway-using-pt-carbon-felt-and-bdd-carbon-felt-cells
#7
Nihal Oturan, Charuvila T Aravindakumar, Hugo Olvera-Vargas, Mathew M Sunil Paul, Mehmet A Oturan
Degradation of a widely used antibiotic, the para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS), and mineralization of its aqueous solution was investigated by electro-Fenton process using Pt/carbon-felt and boron-doped diamond (BDD)/carbon-felt cells with applied currents in the range of 50-1000 mA. This process produces the highly oxidizing species, the hydroxyl radical ((•)OH), which is mainly responsible for the oxidative degradation of PAS. An absolute rate constant of 4.17 × 10(9) M(-1) s(-1) for the oxidation of PAS by (●)OH was determined from the competition kinetics method...
May 31, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552873/the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-allyl-isothiocyanate-in-cows-with-bovine-digital-dermatitis
#8
Kanako Chiba, Tamako Miyazaki, Yasushi Sekiyama, Masao Miyazaki, Keiji Okada
Bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) is the most prevalent infectious cause of lameness in cattle. Because Treponema infection is a major etiology of BDD, the most common treatment of BDD is an antibiotic. Nonetheless, dairy cows require a withdrawal period after antibiotic treatment before their milk can be marketed. To address the problem, in this study, we tested whether 3 nonantibiotic agents (used separately)-allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), sodium alginate, and calcium hydroxide-alleviate BDD lesions in dairy cows...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541768/sex-differences-in-the-presentation-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-a-community-sample-of-adolescents
#9
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The current study sought to explore sex differences in the presentation of probable full-syndrome and subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adolescents from an Australian community sample. Specifically, it examined sex differences in the types of BDD symptoms endorsed, body areas of concern, and the association with elevated symptoms of comorbid disorders. In male participants, it also compared the presenting features of those with and without muscle dysmorphia. Of 3,149 adolescents assessed using self-report questionnaires, 162 (5...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541068/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-body-image-and-self-care-cbt-bisc-in-sexual-minority-men-living-with-hiv-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Aaron J Blashill, Steven A Safren, Sabine Wilhelm, Jonathan Jampel, S Wade Taylor, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer
OBJECTIVE: Body image disturbance is a distressing and interfering problem among many sexual minority men living with HIV, and is associated with elevated depressive symptoms and poor HIV self-care (e.g., antiretroviral therapy [ART] nonadherence). The current study tested the preliminary efficacy of a newly created intervention: cognitive-behavioral therapy for body image and self-care (CBT-BISC) for this population. METHOD: The current study entailed a 2-arm randomized controlled trial (N = 44) comparing CBT-BISC to an enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU) condition...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528596/face-and-object-perception-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder-versus-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-the-mooney-faces-task
#11
Wei Lin Toh, David J Castle, Susan L Rossell
OBJECTIVES: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by repetitive behaviors and/or mental acts occurring in response to preoccupations with perceived defects or flaws in physical appearance. There are some similarities, but also important differences, between BDD and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), not just in terms of core clinical symptoms, but possibly in the domain of perception. This study compared the nature and extent of perceptual anomalies in BDD versus OCD and health controls (HC), using a modified Mooney task...
May 22, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521158/degradation-of-creatinine-using-boron-doped-diamond-electrode-statistical-modeling-and-degradation-mechanism
#12
Zhefeng Zhang, Jiahui Xian, Chunyong Zhang, Degang Fu
This study investigated the degradation performance and mechanism of creatinine (a urine metabolite) with boron-doped diamond (BDD) anodes. Experiments were performed using a synthetic creatinine solution containing two supporting electrolytes (NaCl and Na2SO4). A three-level central composite design was adopted to optimize the degradation process, a mathematical model was thus constructed and used to explore the optimum operating conditions. A maximum mineralization percentage of 80% following with full creatinine removal had been achieved within 120 min of electrolysis, confirming the strong oxidation capability of BDD anodes...
May 13, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504607/innate-inflammatory-gene-expression-profiling-in-potential-brain-dead-donors-detailed-investigation-of-the-effect-of-common-corticosteroid-therapy
#13
Reza Gholamnezhadjafari, Nader Tajik, Reza Falak, Reza Aflatoonian, Sanaz Dehghan, Abbas Rezaei
Our study aimed to assess the influence of common methylprednisolone therapy on innate inflammatory factors in potential brain-dead organ donors (BDDs). The study groups consisted of 50 potential BDDs who received 15 mg/kg/d methylprednisolone and 25 live organ donors (LDs) as control group. Innate immunity gene expression profiling was performed by RT-PCR array. Soluble serum cytokines and chemokines, complement components, heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) were measured by ELISA...
January 1, 2017: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493699/electrochemical-oxidation-of-phenolic-compounds-at-boron-doped-diamond-anodes-structure-reactivity-relationships
#14
Yi Jiang, Xiuping Zhu, Xuan Xing
Electrochemical oxidation of phenolic compounds using boron-doped diamond (BDD) anodes has been shown as an effective approach to remove these contaminants from water. However, the understanding of the reaction mechanisms of substituted phenolic compounds at the BDD anode remains incomplete. In the present work, we investigated the electrochemical oxidation of 12 representative phenolic compounds (with varied substitution groups (e.g., -CH3, -OCH3, -NH2, -Cl, -OH, -COOH, -NO2, -CHO) and positions (-ortho, -meta, and -para)) at the BDD anode...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482195/prevalence-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-and-associated-features-in-german-adolescents-a-self-report-survey
#15
Anne Möllmann, Fanny A Dietel, Antje Hunger, Ulrike Buhlmann
Prior research has not yet investigated the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adolescents and young adults based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5). In the current study, the point prevalence of BDD, comorbid symptoms, and associated features, such as appearance-related suicidality, level of insight or history of plastic surgeries, were examined in a non-clinical sample of German adolescents and young adults (n=308), between 15 and 21 years old, using self-report measures...
April 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475166/an-all-solid-state-ph-sensor-employing-fluorine-terminated-polycrystalline-boron-doped-diamond-as-a-ph-insensitive-solution-gate-field-effect-transistor
#16
Yukihiro Shintani, Mikinori Kobayashi, Hiroshi Kawarada
A fluorine-terminated polycrystalline boron-doped diamond surface is successfully employed as a pH-insensitive SGFET (solution-gate field-effect transistor) for an all-solid-state pH sensor. The fluorinated polycrystalline boron-doped diamond (BDD) channel possesses a pH-insensitivity of less than 3mV/pH compared with a pH-sensitive oxygenated channel. With differential FET (field-effect transistor) sensing, a sensitivity of 27 mv/pH was obtained in the pH range of 2-10; therefore, it demonstrated excellent performance for an all-solid-state pH sensor with a pH-sensitive oxygen-terminated polycrystalline BDD SGFET and a platinum quasi-reference electrode, respectively...
May 5, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465327/comparing-the-curative-efficacy-of-topical-treatment-with-thiamphenicol-and-oxytetracycline-on-digital-dermatitis-lesions-in-dairy-cattle
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M Holzhauer, R Ploegmakers-van Deventer, D Smits, W Swart
The efficacy of two topically applied antibiotics for the treatment of painful ulcerative stage of bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) lesions was compared in a clinical trial conducted on five dairy farms in the Netherlands during the autumn of 2015. A total of 109 cows with an ulcerative (M2) stage of BDD were randomly appointed a treatment with an antibiotic-based spray. One treatment contained thiamphenicol as active ingredient (TAF). The other treatment had oxytetracycline as active ingredient (ENG). The experimental unit for this study was the hind claw with the presence of an ulcerative BDD lesion...
May 20, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438237/are-unwanted-mental-intrusions-a-transdiagnostic-variable
#18
Belén Pascual-Vera, María Roncero-Sanchís, Amparo Belloch Fuster
INTRODUCTION: Unwanted mental intrusions (UMI) constitute the normal variants of obsessions in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), preoccupations about defects in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), images about illness in Hypochondriasis (HYP), and thoughts about eating in Eating Disorders (EDs). We sought to investigate the relationships between frequency and discomfort associated with the experience of the four UMI contents, adopting a within-subject perspective. METHOD: A group of 438 university students and community participants (Mage= 29...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411528/anodic-oxidation-of-surfactants-and-organic-compounds-entrapped-in-micelles-selective-degradation-mechanisms-and-soil-washing-solution-reuse
#19
Clément Trellu, Nihal Oturan, Yoan Pechaud, Eric D van Hullebusch, Giovanni Esposito, Mehmet A Oturan
Formation of micelles at high surfactant concentration strongly modifies organic pollutant oxidation mechanisms and kinetics during anodic oxidation (AO) using boron doped diamond (BDD) anode. Results presented and discussed in this study emphasized the following mechanisms: (i) micelles act as a protective environment and reduce the availability of target molecules towards BDD((•)OH); (ii) the use of low current density strongly reduces micelle degradation kinetics due to both steric hindrance phenomenon for oxidation of micelles at the BDD surface and decrease of mediated oxidation in the bulk; (iii) compounds solubilized in surfactant-containing solutions can be either oxidized after degradation of the protective environment formed by micelles or if they are present as free extra-micellar compounds...
July 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397397/the-structural-basis-for-the-functional-comparability-of-factor-viii-and-the-long-acting-variant-recombinant-factor-viii-fc-fusion-protein
#20
N C Leksa, P-L Chiu, G M Bou-Assaf, C Quan, Z Liu, A B Goodman, M G Chambers, S E Tsutakawa, M Hammel, R T Peters, T Walz, J D Kulman
Essentials Recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII) Fc fusion protein has a 1.5-fold longer half-life than rFVIII. Five orthogonal methods were used to characterize the structure of rFVIIIFc compared to rFVIII. The C-terminal Fc fusion does not perturb the structure of FVIII in rFVIIIFc. The FVIII and Fc components of rFVIIIFc are flexibly tethered and functionally independent. SUMMARY: Background Fusion of the human IgG1 Fc domain to the C-terminal C2 domain of B-domain-deleted (BDD) factor VIII (FVIII) results in the recombinant FVIII Fc (rFVIIIFc) fusion protein, which has a 1...
June 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
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