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Bin Zhang, Bo Zheng, Xingang Wang, Qiuping Shi, Jia Jia, Yong Huo, Chunshui Pan, Jingyan Han, Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: Although drug-eluting stents have dramatically reduced the rates of restenosis and target lesion revascularization, they are associated with stent thrombosis (ST), a catastrophic event likely due to delayed endothelialization and chronic inflammation caused by the polymer and the metal scaffolds. To increase the safety and efficacy of stents, polymer-free dual drug-eluting stents (DDES) have been developed. METHODS: A total 160 stents (Bare-metal stents (BMS), polymer-free probucol stents (PrES), sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) and DDES) were randomly implanted in the coronary arteries of 80 pigs...
August 15, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Ning Jiao, Xinwei Li, Fengguirong Lin, Kaimeng Huang, Jialiang Wei, Xinyao Li, Xiaoyang Wang, Xiaoyu Geng
Compared to the α-functionalization of aldehydes, ketones, even esters, the direct α-modification of amides is still a big challenge because of the lowest α-CH acidity among all carbonyl chemicals. Most challengingly, α-functionalization of N-H (primary and secondary) amides simultaneous containing the unactived α-C-H bond and a competitively active N-H bond, remains elusive. A general and efficient oxidative α-oxyamination and hydroxylation of aliphatic amides including secondary N-H amides was discribed...
August 11, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Saeed Saber-Samandari, Hamed Yekta, Sara Ahmadi, Kadhim Alamara
Fabrication and characterization of a novel 3D nanocomposite scaffold have been reported in this research. The purpose of developing this new 3D nanocomposite scaffolds is introducing an alternative treatment for bone tissue replacement. Outcomes confirmed that the morphology, microstructure and mechanical properties of synthesized 3D nanocomposite scaffolds closely mimics the properties of real bone tissue. The 3D nanocomposite scaffolds compose of nanoparticle hydroxyapatite which is embedded in the semi-IPN of polyacrylamide-grafted cellulose by free radical polymerization...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Siqi Zhu, Wei Jing, Xiaoqing Hu, Zirong Huang, Qing Cai, Yingfang Ao, Xiaoping Yang
Bone tissue engineering using bone mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) is a multidisciplinary strategy that requires biodegradable scaffold, cell, various promoting cues to work simultaneously. Electrical stimulation (ES) is known able to promote osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, but it is interesting to know how can it play the strongest promotion effect. To strengthen local ES on BMSCs, parallel-aligned conductive nanofibers were electrospun from the mixtures of poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), and used for cell culture...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Dagen C Marx, Karen G Fleming
The process by which membrane proteins fold involves the burial of side chains into lipid bilayers. Both structure and function of membrane proteins depend on the magnitudes of side-chain transfer free energies (ΔΔGsc(o)). In the absence of other interactions, ΔΔGsc(o) is an independent property describing the energetics of an isolated side chain in the bilayer. However, in reality, side chains are attached to the peptide backbone and surrounded by other side chains in the protein scaffold in biology, which may alter the apparent ΔΔGsc(o)...
August 8, 2017: Biophysical Journal
Timothy W Crothers, Rebecca L Milot, Jay B Patel, Elizabeth S Parrott, Johannes Schlipf, Peter Müller-Buschbaum, Michael B Johnston, Laura M Herz
An understanding of charge-carrier recombination processes is essential for the development of hybrid metal halide perovskites for photovoltaic applications. We show that typical measurements of the radiative bimolecular recombination constant in CH3NH3PbI3 are strongly affected by photon reabsorption that masks a much larger intrinsic bimolecular recombination rate constant. By investigating a set of films whose thickness varies between 50 and 533 nm, we find that the bimolecular charge recombination rate appears to slow by an order of magnitude as the film thickness increases...
August 14, 2017: Nano Letters
Jhonny Azuaje, Willem Jespers, Vicente Yaziji, Ana Mallo, María Majellaro, Olga Caamaño, María I Loza, María I Cadavid, José M Brea, Johan Åqvist, Eddy Sotelo, Hugo Gutiérrez de Terán
We report the first family of 2-acetamidopyridines as potent and selective A3 adenosine receptor (AR) antagonists. The computer-assisted design was focused on the bioisosteric replacement of the N1 atom by a CH group in a previous series of diarylpyrimidines. Some of the generated 2-acetamidopyridines elicit antagonistic effect with excellent affinity (Ki < 10 nM) and outstanding selectivity profiles, providing an alternative and simpler chemical scaffold to the parent series of diarylpyrimidines. In addition, by molecular dynamics and free energy perturbation simulations we elucidate the effect of the second nitrogen of the parent diarylpyrimidines, which is revealed as a stabilizer of a water network in the binding site...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Cheng Tang, Bin Wang, Hao-Fan Wang, Qiang Zhang
Rechargeable flexible solid Zn-air battery, with a high theoretical energy density of 1086 Wh kg(-1) , is among the most attractive energy technologies for future flexible and wearable electronics; nevertheless, the practical application is greatly hindered by the sluggish oxygen reduction reaction/oxygen evolution reaction (ORR/OER) kinetics on the air electrode. Precious metal-free functionalized carbon materials are widely demonstrated as the most promising candidates, while it still lacks effective synthetic methodology to controllably synthesize carbocatalysts with targeted active sites...
August 7, 2017: Advanced Materials
Joseph A Lyons, Andreas Bøggild, Poul Nissen, Jens Frauenfeld
Membrane proteins depend on their natural lipid environment for function, which makes them more difficult to study in isolation. A number of approaches that mimic the lipid bilayer of biological membranes have been described (nanodiscs, SMALPs), enabling novel ways to assay activity and elucidate structures of this important class of proteins. More recently, the use of saposin A, a protein that is involved in lipid transport, to form Salipro (saposin-lipid-protein) complexes was demonstrated for a range of membrane protein targets (Frauenfeld et al...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
Praveen Wulligundam, Bernadette Madathil, Sajin Raj Rg, Kumary Tv, Anil Kumar Pr
Most cell sheet engineering systems require a support or carrier to handle the harvested cell sheets. In this study, polyethylene terephthalate-based overhead projection transparency sheets (OHPS) were subjected to surface hydrolysis by alkali treatment to increase pliability and hydrophilicity and enable poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-glycidylmethacrylate) copolymer (NGMA) coating to impart thermoresponsiveness. NGMA was applied on the modified OHPS by the technique of spin coating using an indigenously designed spin coater...
August 4, 2017: Biomedical Materials
Miquel Avella-Oliver, Javier Carrascosa, Rosa Puchades, Angel Maquieira
: A novel label-free biosensing approach based on bioreceptor networks patterned as diffractive gratings (biogratings), has been developed. Nanogrooved structures were used as optically active scaffolds for producing arrays of functional BSA biogratings on low energy surfaces by a water-assisted variant of microcontact printing. An analytical scanner, comprising a LightScribe compact disk drive, was developed to measure the diffraction patterns of these biogratings, thus allowing bioin-teractions to be quantitatively sensed in a multiplex and label-free fashion by means of diffraction efficiency changes...
August 4, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Arvind Manikantan Padma, Tom Tristan Tiemann, Ahmed Baker Alshaikh, Randa Akouri, Min Jong Song, Mats Hellström
Sophisticated culturing conditions are required to grow cells in a three-dimensional (3D) environment. Cells then require a type of scaffold rich in proteins, growth factors, and signaling molecules that simulates their natural environment. Tissues from all species of animals have an organ-specific extracellular matrix (ECM) structure that plays a key role in cell proliferation and migration. Hence, the scaffold composition plays a significant role for any successful 3D cell culturing system. We developed a whole rat uterus ECM scaffold by the perfusion of detergents and ionic solutions through the vascular system of an isolated normal rat uterus in a process termed "decellularization...
August 4, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Luis M Delgado, Naledi Shologu, Kieran Fuller, Dimitrios Zeugolis
Collagen based devices are frequently associated with foreign body response. Although several pre- (e.g. species, state of animal, tissue) and post- (e.g. cross-linking, scaffold architecture) extraction method factors have a profound effect on foreign body response, little is known about which and how during the extraction process factors mediate foreign body response. In this study, we assessed the influence of acetic acid and hydrochloric acid and the utilisation or not of pepsin or salt precipitation during collagen extraction on the yield, purity, free amines, denaturation temperature, resistance to collagenase degradation and macrophage response...
August 2, 2017: Biomedical Materials
Claudio Dalvit, Stefan Knapp
Fluorine ligand-based NMR spectroscopy is now an established method for performing binding screening against a macromolecular target. Typically, the transverse relaxation rate of the fluorine signals is monitored in the absence and presence of the target. However, useful structural information can sometimes be obtained from the analysis of the fluorine isotropic chemical shift. This is particularly relevant for molecule that are racemates and/or display multiple conformers. The large difference in fluorine isotropic chemical shift between free and bound state deriving mainly from the breaking and/or making of intramolecular and/or intermolecular hydrogen bonds allows the detection of very weak affinity ligands...
August 1, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
Yang-Yen Yu, Chien-Hsun Chen, Chu-Chen Chueh, Chun-Ying Chiang, Jang-Hsing Hsieh, Chih-Ping Chen, Wen-Chang Chen
In this study, a new hybrid electrode featuring a high gauge factor of >30, decent stretchability (100% of the original conductivity can be retained after 50 cycles of stretching under a 20% strain without prestrain treatment), high transmittance (>70%) across 400-900 nm, and a good sheet resistance (<50 Ω sq(-1)) was successfully exploited. These superior properties were revealed to originate from the reversible phase separation endowed by the nanogranular-like morphology formed in Ag. Owing to such discrete nanomorphology, the free volume within this Ag electrode is susceptible to the applied tensile strain and the ensuing change in conductivity enables the realization of an efficient strain sensor...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yu Bin Lee, Se-Jeong Kim, Eum Mi Kim, Hayeon Byun, Hyung-Kwan Chang, Jungyul Park, Yu Suk Choi, Heungsoo Shin
Scaffold-free harvest of microtissue with a defined structure has received a great deal of interest in cell-based assay and regenerative medicine. In this study, we developed thermally expandable hydrogels with spatially controlled cell adhesive patterns for rapid harvest of geometrically controlled microtissue. We patterned polydopamine (PD) on to the hydrogel via microcontact printing (μCP), in linear shapes with widths of 50, 100 and 200 μm. The hydrogels facilitated formation of spatially controlled strip-like microtissue of human dermal fibroblasts (HDFBs)...
July 28, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Jordan W Taylor, Alex McSkimming, Camilo F Guzman, W Hill Harman
The multielectron reduction of small molecules (e.g., CO2) is a key aspect of fuel synthesis from renewable electricity. Transition metals have been researched extensively in this role due to their intrinsic redox properties and reactivity, but more recently, strategies that forego transition metal ions for p-block elements have emerged. In this vein, we report an analogue of boranthrene (9,10-diboraanthracene) stabilized by N-heterocyclic carbenes and its one- and two-electron oxidized congeners. This platform exhibits reversible, two-electron redox chemistry at mild potentials and reacts with O2, CO2, and ethylene via formal [4+2] cycloaddition to the central diborabutadiene core...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Panpan Wang, Tingting Fu, Xiaoyu Zhang, Fengyuan Yang, Guoxun Zheng, Weiwei Xue, Yuzong Chen, Xiaojun Yao, Feng Zhu
BACKGROUND: Drugs available for treating attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are mainly selective norepinephrine (sNRIs) and dual norepinephrine-dopamine (NDRIs) reuptake inhibitors. The major problem of sNRIs lines in their delayed onset of action and partial- or non-responses, which makes NDRIs distinguished in drug efficacy. Understanding of the differential binding modes of these 2 types of drugs to their corresponding targets can give great insights into the discovery of privileged drug-like scaffolds with improved efficacy...
July 27, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Shiuhyang Kuo, Hyungjin Myra Kim, Zhifa Wang, Eve L Bingham, Atsuko Miyazawa, Cynthia L Marcelo, Stephen E Feinberg
Immunologically inert allogeneic acellular dermal scaffolds provide a matrix with molecular architecture close to native tissues, which synthetic scaffolds cannot. Not all nature-derived scaffolds possess the same biological and physical properties. The different properties of scaffolds supporting cellular growth used for manufacturing tissue engineered grafts could lead to different implantation results. The scaffold properties should be carefully considered in order to meet the expected outcomes of tissue engineered grafts...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
F Lesage, S Pranpanus, F M Bosisio, M Jacobs, S Ospitalieri, J Toelen, J Deprest
PURPOSE: Surgical restoration of soft tissue defects often requires implantable devices. The clinical outcome of the surgery is determined by the properties inherent to the used matrix. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) modulate the immune processes after in vivo transplantation and their addition to matrices is associated with constructive remodeling. Herein we evaluate the potential of MSC derived from the amniotic fluid (AF-MSC), an interesting MSC source for cell therapeutic applications in the perinatal period, for immune modulation when added to a biomaterial...
July 27, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
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