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Jerzy Dorosz, Lars Olsen, Signe Teuber Seger, Cornelia Steinhauer, Giorgos Bouras, Charlotte Helgstrand, Anders Wiuf, Michael Gajhede
The histone demethylase PHF8 catalyzes demethylation of mono- and di-methylated lysine 9 on histone H3 (H3K9me1/2) and is a transcriptional activator involved in development and cancer. Affinity and specificity of PHF8 towards H3K9me2 substrate is affected by interaction with both the catalytic domain and a PHD reader domain. The latter specifically recognizes tri-methylated lysine 4 on histone H3. A fragment of the histone H3 tail with tri-methylated lysine 4 was used as template for structure based design of a cyclic, cell-penetrating peptide that exhibits micromolar binding affinity to PHF8 in biochemical assays...
April 21, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Shi-Zhen Wang, Yong-Hui Zhang, Hong Ren, Ya-Li Wang, Wei Jiang, Bai-Shan Fang
Multi-enzyme complexes have the potential to achieve high catalytic efficiency for sequence reactions due to their advantages in eliminating product inhibition, facilitating intermediate transfer and in situ regenerating cofactors. Constructing functional multi-enzyme systems to mimic natural multi-enzyme complexes is of great interest for multi-enzymatic biosynthesis and cell-free synthetic biotransformation, but with many challenges. Currently, various assembly strategies have been developed based on the interaction of biomacromolecules such as DNA, peptide and scaffolding protein...
April 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
Aishwarya Subramaniyan, Maddaly Ravi
3D culture systems have enhanced the utility of cancer cell lines as they are considered closer to the in vivo systems. A variety of changes are induced in cells cultured in 3D systems; an apparent and striking feature being the spontaneous acquisition of distinct morphological entities. 3D reverts (3DRs) can be obtained by introducing 3D aggregates in scaffold/matrix-free culture units. It could be seen that the two cell lines used in this study exhibited differences in 3DR structures, though both were cultured on agarose hydrogels...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Nasser Shakhssalim, Masoud Soleimani, Mohammad M Dehghan, Javad Rasouli, Masoud Taghizadeh-Jahed, Peyman M Torbati, Mohammad Naji
Engineering of urinary bladder has been the focus of numerous studies in recent decade. Novel biomaterials, innovative fabrication methods and various modification processes of scaffolds are the critical issues to find supportive matrices. Supportive characteristics of electrospun PCL/PLLA nano-scaffold for bladder augmentation in canine model and the role of bladder cells in regeneration process were appraised. Electrospun PCL/PLLA was fabricated by co-electrospinning of PCL and PLLA. Bladder cells were isolated and transduced with lentiviral particles encoding eGFP and JRed proteins...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Iman Yousefi, Mehdi Pakravan, Hoda Rahimi, Abbas Bahador, Zahra Farshadzadeh, Ismael Haririan
Wound healing characteristics of some plant extracts have been well known for many years, and they have been utilized for such applications in traditional way. Recently electrospun nanofibrous mats showed promising properties for tissue engineering and especially for skin repair. It is expected that incorporation of plant extracts into such structures could provide higher performance and synergistic effect for biomedical and wound healing applications. The final purpose of this study is to fabricate chitosan based nanofiber mats loaded with a traditional plant extract of Lawsonia inermis (Henna) leaves to enhance the antibacterial efficacy and wound healing of the precursor nanofibers...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Shahida Umar, Ajay Kumar Jha, Deepak Purohit, Atul Goel
Synthesis of new tetraphenylethene (TPE) conjugates via an innocuous route led to the revelation of a unique TPE-based aggregation-induced emissive fluorogen 3 (TPEN), which showed an interesting mechanochromic property when the emission was changed from blue to green upon grinding and green to blue upon fuming. The mechanochromic property of TPEN has been explored to prepare ink-free rewritable paper for security documentation. A detailed photophysical investigation of the TPE-naphthyridine scaffold led to the discovery of its high sensitivity to silver ions (Ag(+)) over other metal ions with a detection limit of 0...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Markus M Zieger, Patrick Mueller, Alexander S Quick, Martin Wegener, Christopher Barner-Kowollik
Using an advanced functional photoresist we introduce direct-laser-written (DLW) 3D microstructures capable of complete degradation on demand. The networks consist exclusively of reversible bonds, formed by irradiation of a phenacyl sulfide linker, giving disulfide bonds in a radical-free step-growth polymerization via a reactive thioaldehyde. The bond formation was verified in solution by ESI-MS. To induce cleavage, dithiothreitol causes a thiol-disulfide exchange, erasing the written structure. The mild cleavage of the disulfide network is highly orthogonal to other, for example, acrylate-based DLW structures...
April 13, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Che-Jen Lin, Yi-Hung Liu, Shie-Ming Peng, Teruo Shinmyozu, Jye-Shane Yang
The ability of the bulky H-shaped pentiptycene scaffold in promoting the mechanochromic and vapochromic luminescence properties for organometallic materials has been demonstrated with the N^C^N cyclometalated platinum(II) complexes [X-NCNPtY], where X = Br or Pa, the substituent on the terdentate dipyridylbenzene N^C^N ligand, and Y = Cl or Pa, the ancillary ligand, in which Pa = pentiptycene acetylene. Intermolecular interactions between the planar NCNPt cores are described by π-π and d-π interactions with negligible Pt(II)···Pt(II) bonding, corresponding to ligand-centered excimer rather than metal-metal-to-ligand charge-transfer emission, for these platinum(II) complexes in aggregates and in the solid state...
April 13, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Fernanda Waechter, Gloria Santos Silva, Julia Willig, Cristiane Bernardes de Oliveira, Bruna Domingues Vieira, Daniela Barreto Trivella, Aline Rigon Zimmer, Andréia Buffon, Diogo André Pilger, Simone Gnoatto
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is currently treated with imatinib, a Bcr-Abl inhibitor. However, resistance to this drug usually develops over time. Triptolide, a diterpenoid triepoxide, has been shown active against CML cells resistant to imatinib, acting mainly on the level of Bcr-Abl transcription inhibition. Here, we used the triterpene betulinic acid, a known proteasome inhibitor with potential antileukemic activity, as a scaffold for the generation of analogues with predicted triptolide biological activity...
April 12, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Meryem O Pehlivaner Kara, Adam K Ekenseair
The development of synthetic and well-defined extracellular matrices that are free of xenogeneic components and are capable of inducing desired cellular responses holds great potential for use in vitro as 3D cell culture environments and in vivo as scaffolds for tissue regeneration. In this study, the impact of free and partially occupied epoxide groups on the viability, activity, and behavior of rat fibroblasts encapsulated in thermoresponsive hydrogels based on poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (pNiPAAm) was investigated...
April 20, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Reid C Van Lehn, Alfredo Alexander-Katz
The cell membrane is a barrier to the passive diffusion of charged molecules due to the chemical properties of the lipid bilayer. Surprisingly, recent experiments have identified processes in which synthetic and biological charged species directly transfer across lipid bilayers on biologically relevant time scales. In particular, amphiphilic nanoparticles have been shown to insert into lipid bilayers, requiring the transport of charged species across the bilayer. The molecular factors facilitating this rapid insertion process remain unknown...
March 22, 2017: ACS Central Science
Hannah A Strobel, Elizabeth L Calamari, Alexander Beliveau, Anjana Jain, Marsha W Rolle
Sewing cuffs incorporated within tissue-engineered blood vessels (TEBVs) enable graft anastomosis in vivo, and secure TEBVs to bioreactors in vitro. Alternative approaches to cuff design are required to achieve cuff integration with scaffold-free TEBVs during tissue maturation. To create porous materials that promote tissue integration, we used electrospinning to fabricate cuffs from polycaprolactone (PCL), PCL blended with gelatin, and PCL coated with gelatin, and evaluated cuff mechanical properties, porosity, and cellular attachment and infiltration...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Neil I Weisenfeld, Vijay Kumar, Preyas Shah, Deanna M Church, David B Jaffe
Determining the genome sequence of an organism is challenging, yet fundamental to understanding its biology. Over the past decade, thousands of human genomes have been sequenced, contributing deeply to biomedical research. In the vast majority of cases, these have been analyzed by aligning sequence reads to a single reference genome, biasing the resulting analyses, and in general, failing to capture sequences novel to a given genome. Some de novo assemblies have been constructed free of reference bias, but nearly all were constructed by merging homologous loci into single "consensus" sequences, generally absent from nature...
April 5, 2017: Genome Research
Shigeru Miyagawa, Keitaro Domae, Yasushi Yoshikawa, Satsuki Fukushima, Teruya Nakamura, Atsuhiro Saito, Yasushi Sakata, Seiki Hamada, Koichi Toda, Kyongsun Pak, Masahiro Takeuchi, Yoshiki Sawa
BACKGROUND: When transplanted into failing heart, autologous somatic tissue-derived cells yield functional recovery via paracrine effects that enhance native regeneration. However, the therapeutic effects are modest. We developed a method in which scaffold-free cell sheets are attached to the epicardial surface to maximize paracrine effects. This Phase I clinical trial tested whether transplanting autologous cell-sheets derived from skeletal muscle is feasible, safe, and effective for treating severe congestive heart failure...
April 5, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Wusheng Guo, José Enrique Gómez, Luis Martínez-Rodríguez, Nuno A G Bandeira, Carles Bo, Arjan W Kleij
Catalytic ring-opening of bio-sourced non-strained lactones with aromatic amines can offer a straightforward, 100 % atom-economical, and sustainable pathway towards relevant N-aryl amide scaffolds. Herein, the first general, metal-free, and highly efficient N-aryl amide formation is reported from poorly reactive aromatic amines and non-strained lactones under mild operating conditions using an organic bicyclic guanidine catalyst. This protocol has high application potential as exemplified by the formal syntheses of drug-relevant molecules...
April 5, 2017: ChemSusChem
Yan-Xiao Jiao, Ling-Ling Wu, Hai-Miao Zhu, Jiang-Ke Qin, Cheng-Xue Pan, Dong-Liang Mo, Gui-Fa Su
Diverse functionalized quinoxalines were synthesized in good yields from arylamines and readily available β-keto oximes through condensation and metal-free N-arylation. The reaction was compatible with various functional groups, such as halides, cyano, and esters. A mechanism was proposed based on the experimental results. These quinoxalines were easily obtained on a gram scale and converted to various useful scaffolds. Compound LASSBio-1022 was prepared in 83% yield in two steps.
April 4, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Jianguo Xu, Zai-Sheng Wu, Weiyu Shen, Jingqing Le, Tingting Zheng, Hongling Li, Lee Jia
As one of the most exciting building blocks, DNA has gained increasing attention in the construction of promising nanostructures for various biological and medical purposes. In this contribution, we have developed an easily constructed DNA nanoassembly-based biosensing system that consists of one signal hairpin probe (SHP) and one label-free hairpin probe (LHP) for target p53 gene analysis. The probes of SHP and LHP were designed to be incapable of interacting with each other in the absence of the p53 gene...
March 27, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Vincenza De Gregorio, Giorgia Imparato, Francesco Urciuolo, Maria L Tornesello, Clorinda Annunziata, Franco M Buonaguro, Paolo A Netti
There is a growing interest for developing organotypic cervical models by using primary cervical cells that are able to reproduce the physiological relevant stromal microenvironment and the distinctive histology of the native cervical epithelium. Here for the first time it is reported the production of an organotypic cervical model featured by a scaffold-free stromal tissue resembling the extracellular matrix (ECM) composition and organization of the native counterpart as well as a completely well-differentiated epithelium...
March 29, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Feifei Sun, Ying You, Jie Liu, Quanwei Song, Xiaotong Shen, Na Na, Jin Ouyang
We propose a label- and enzyme-free fluorescent sensor for the detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at room temperature using novel copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) as fluorescent reporters. We construct the CuNPs using a DNA three-way junction (3WJ) template. In this assay, two complementary adenine/thymine-rich probes can hybridize with the wild-type target simultaneously to construct a 3WJ structure, serving as an efficient scaffold for the generation of CuNPs. However, the CuNPs produce weak fluorescence when the probes bind with a mutant-type target...
March 28, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
J Kosman, A Stanislawska, A Gluszynska, B Juskowiak
Peroxidase-mimicking DNAzyme is one of the systems that recently gained a great interest. It has been successfully applied for designing numerous bioassays. The success of this system is connected to its advantages over a protein enzyme, horseradish peroxidase. Promising strategy for further improvement of performance of DNAzyme with peroxidase-like activity was proposed recently. It was based on the covalent attachment of hemin moiety to the G-quadruplex scaffold. We report here the first attempt of conjugating hemin to the G-quadruplex DNA using click chemistry approach...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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