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Allergy cow milk protein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759641/novel-sensitive-monoclonal-antibody-based-competitive-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-for-the-detection-of-raw-and-processed-bovine-beta-casein
#1
Daniela S Castillo, Alejandro Cassola
Cow milk protein allergy (CMPA) is the most common childhood food allergy, which can sometimes persist or can newly develop in adulthood with severe symptoms. CMPA's treatment is complete dietary avoidance of milk proteins. To achieve this task, patients have to be aware of milk proteins found as "hidden allergens" in food commodities. In regard to milk proteins, it has been reported that allergenicity of caseins remains unaffected upon heat treatment. For these reasons, we aimed to obtain monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against native and denatured β-casein, one of the most abundant and antigenic caseins, in order to develop an indirect competitive ELISA (icELISA) to detect and quantify traces of this milk allergen in raw and processed foodstuffs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739021/single-and-multiple-food-allergies-in-infants-with-proctocolitis
#2
B T Koksal, Z Barıs, F Ozcay, O Yilmaz Ozbek
BACKGROUND: Food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis is a frequent cause of rectal bleeding in infants. Characteristics of infants with multiple food allergies have not been defined. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify characteristics of infants with proctocolitis and compare infants with single and multiple food allergies. METHODS: A total of 132 infants with proctocolitis were evaluated retrospectively. All of the infants were diagnosed by a paediatric allergist and/or a paediatric gastroenterologist according to guidelines...
July 21, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737860/natural-history-of-immunoglobulin-e-mediated-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-a-population-of-argentine-children
#3
Natalia A Petriz, Claudio As Parisi, Julio N Busaniche, Patricia Evangelista, Romina Mehaudy, Marina Orsi
INTRODUCTION: Cow's milk protein allergy is the most common allergy in pediatrics. Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated cow's milk allergy poses a higher risk for life and a worse prognosis. OBJETIVES: To describe the course of IgE-mediated cow's milk protein allergy and risk factors associated with disease persistence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive, retrospective study conducted in patients seen at the Division of Pediatric Allergy of Hospital Italiano between June 2006 and June 2012 who had been diagnosed with IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732431/the-efficacy-of-oral-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-cow-s-milk-allergy
#4
Mohsen Ebrahimi, Mohammad Gharagozlou, Ali Mohebbi, Nasim Hafezi, Gholamreza Azizi, Masoud Movahedi
Cow's milk allergy is the most common type of food allergy that decrease the quality of life of patients and their families. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of oral immunotherapy in patients with cow's milk allergy. 14 patients above 3 years of age with a history of cow's milk allergy confirmed by positive double blind placebo controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) test, presence of serum IgE against cow's milk and positive SPT (skin prick test) were enrolled in this study. During the immunotherapy all patients received increasing amounts of cow's milk during three phases...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721077/food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndrome-a-review-of-the-literature-with-focus-on-clinical-management
#5
REVIEW
Marine Michelet, Dominique Schluckebier, Laetitia-Marie Petit, Jean-Christoph Caubet
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a potentially severe presentation of non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food allergy (non-IgE-GI-FA) with heterogeneous clinical manifestations. Acute FPIES is typically characterized by profuse vomiting and lethargy, occurring classically 1-4 hours after ingestion of the offending food. When continuously exposed to the incriminated food, a chronic form has been described with persistent vomiting, diarrhea, and/or failure to thrive. Although affecting mainly infants, FPIES has also been described in adults...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712180/causes-of-chronic-non-infectious-diarrhoea-in-infants-less-than-6-months-of-age-rarely-recognized-entities
#6
Iqra Mushtaq, Huma Ashraf Cheema, Hassan Suleman Malik, Nadia Waheed, Muhammad Almas Hashmi, Hassan Suleman Malik
BACKGROUND: Non-infectious causes of chronic diarrhoea are important and easily missed. The study was done with the objectives to identify different causes of chronic non-infectious diarrhoea in infants less than 6 months of age. METHODS: All patients less than 6 months of age presenting for the first time to a Paediatric Gastroenterology tertiary care centre with a history of chronic diarrhoea and negative stool cultures were enrolled over a period of 8 months...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698533/prevention-and-management-of-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-non-exclusively-breastfed-infants
#7
REVIEW
Yvan Vandenplas
Introduction: The prevention and management of cow milk allergy (CMA) is still debated. Since CMA is much less frequent in breastfed infants, breastfeeding should be stimulated. Method: Literature was searched using databases to find original papers and reviews on this topic. Results: Hydrolysates with a clinical proof of efficacy are recommended in the prevention and treatment of CMA. However, not all meta-analyses conclude that hydrolysates do prevent CMA or other atopic manifestations such as atopic dermatitis...
July 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698024/the-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-in-infants-and-young-children-with-iron-deficiency-anemia
#8
Fu-Ping Lai, Yao-Jong Yang
BACKGROUND: The clinical presentation of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) in children varies. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the prevalence and clinical manifestations of CMPA in young children who visited for evaluation of iron deficiency anemia (IDA). METHODS: Patients aged <4 years who were diagnosed as having IDA (serum ferritin <12 ng/mL) at the National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Taiwan in the period 2005-2015 were reviewed. Their clinical presentations, laboratory data, endoscopy findings, and prognosis were analyzed...
June 30, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679035/partially-hydrolyzed-whey-proteins-prevent-clinical-symptoms-in-a-cow-s-milk-allergy-mouse-model-and-enhance-regulatory-t-and-b-cell-frequencies
#9
M B Gea Kiewiet, B C A M van Esch, J Garssen, M M Faas, P de Vos
SCOPE: Partially hydrolyzed cow's milk proteins are used to prevent cow's milk allergy in children. Here we studied the immunomodulatory mechanisms of partial cow's milk hydrolysates in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice were sensitized with whey or partially hydrolyzed whey using cholera toxin. Whey-specific IgE levels were measured to determine sensitization and immune cell populations from spleen, mesenteric lymph nodes and Peyer's patches after oral whey administration were measured by flowcytometry...
July 5, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643898/identification-of-cross-reactive-b-cell-epitopes-between-bos-d-9-0101-bos-taurus-and-gly-m-5-0101-glycine-max-by-epitope-mapping-maldi-tof-ms
#10
Ángela María Candreva, Mario Ferrer-Navarro, Silvia Bronsoms, Alejandra Quiroga, Renata Curciarello, Ana Cauerhff, Silvana Petruccelli, Guillermo Horacio Docena, Sebastián Alejandro Trejo
Exposure to cow's milk constitutes one of the most common causes of food allergy. In addition, exposure to soy proteins has become relevant in a restricted proportion of milk allergic pediatric patients treated with soy formulae as a dairy substitute, because of the cross-allergenicity described between soy and milk proteins . We have previously identified several cross-reactive allergens between milk and soy that may explain this intolerance. The purpose of the present work was to identify epitopes in the purified αS1-casein and the recombinant soy allergen Gly m 5...
June 23, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628759/do-infants-with-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-have-inadequate-levels-of-vitamin-d
#11
Cristiane M Silva, Silvia A da Silva, Margarida M de C Antunes, Gisélia Alves Pontes da Silva, Emanuel Sávio Cavalcanti Sarinho, Kátia G Brandt
OBJECTIVE: To verify whether infants with cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) have inadequate vitamin D levels. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 120 children aged 2 years or younger, one group with CMPA and a control group. The children were recruited at the pediatric gastroenterology, allergology, and pediatric outpatient clinics of a university hospital in the Northeast of Brazil. A questionnaire was administered to the caregiver and blood samples were collected for vitamin D quantification...
June 16, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602101/expert-panel-on-practice-patterns-in-the-management-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-and-associated-economic-burden-of-disease-on-health-service-in-turkey
#12
Bulent Enis Sekerel, Oznur Seyhun
AIMS: To evaluate practice patterns in the management of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) and associated economic burden of disease on health service in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was based on experts' views on the practice patterns in management of CMPA manifesting with either proctocolitis or eczema symptoms and, thereby, aimed to estimate economic burden of CMPA. Practice patterns were determined via patient flow charts developed by experts using the modified Delphi method for CMPA presented with proctocolitis and eczema...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601056/eliciting-th1-immune-response-using-casein-alpha-s1-loaded-dendritic-cells
#13
Saeed Daneshmandi, Maryam Nourizadeh, Zahra Pourpak, Ali Akbar Pourfathollah
Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) has been recently considered as an alternative approach to ameliorate the symptoms of allergen exposure and improvement the patients' quality of life. Dendritic cells (DC) in the forms of tolerogenic or Th1-induced cells have been investigated in several studies as one of the promising approaches of AIT in allergic diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potency of casein-loaded DCs in eliciting the Th1 immune responses in Balb/c mice as a potential therapeutic approach in allergic condition...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601030/aggressive-gastrointestinal-food-allergy-in-neonates-and-its-possible-relationship-to-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#14
Kazuto Suda, Toshihiro Yanai, Miki Toma, Tsubasa Aiyoshi, Takato Sasaki, Toshihiro Muraji
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of gastrointestinal food allergy (FA) in neonates is increasing. Despite this, cases of patients with gastrointestinal FA who develop necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) requiring laparotomy are extremely rare. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe two cases that presented with bloody stool with a probable diagnosis of FA as eosinophils were positive in the stool at onset. Both cases failed conservative treatment. Jejunostomy and ileostomy were performed in both cases due to secondary NEC with underlying acute FA...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597347/contribution-of-molecular-allergen-analysis-in-diagnosis-of-milk-allergy
#15
REVIEW
Zbigniew Bartuzi, Renata Rodrigues Cocco, Antonella Muraro, Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We sought to describe the available evidence supporting the utilization of the molecular allergen analysis (MAA) for diagnosis and management of cow milk protein allergy (CMPA). RECENT FINDINGS: Cow milk proteins are among the most common food allergens in IgE- and non-IgE-mediated food allergic disorders in children. Most individuals with CMPA are sensitized to both caseins and whey proteins. Caseins are more resistant to high temperatures compared to whey proteins...
July 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553399/the-gut-brain-axis-a-new-pathogenic-view-of-neurologic-symptoms-description-of-a-pediatric-case
#16
Raffaele Falsaperla, Catia Romano, Piero Pavone, Giovanna Vitaliti, Qian Yuan, Nazgole Motamed-Gorji, Riccardo Lubrano
Recent literature data have given emphasis to the relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) disorders and neurologic diseases, underlying a new pathogenic pathway: The so-called "gut-brain axis." Herein, authors report a case of a 10-month-old male infant, admitted for drug-resistant epilepsy, associated with irritable behavior and GI discomfort, secondary to cow's milk protein allergy. Seizures were described by parents as upward eye movements that were mostly deviated to the right and were associated with slight extension of his neck...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542713/withdrawn-infant-formulas-containing-hydrolysed-protein-for-prevention-of-allergic-disease-and-food-allergy
#17
REVIEW
David A Osborn, John Kh Sinn, Lisa J Jones
BACKGROUND: Allergy is common and may be associated with foods, including cow's milk formula (CMF). Formulas containing hydrolysed proteins have been used to treat infants with allergy. However, it is unclear whether hydrolysed formulas can be advocated for prevention of allergy in infants. OBJECTIVES: To compare effects on allergy and food allergy when infants are fed a hydrolysed formula versus CMF or human breast milk. If hydrolysed formulas are effective, to determine what type of hydrolysed formula is most effective, including extensively or partially hydrolysed formula (EHF/PHF)...
May 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486398/bioactive-peptides-in-animal-food-products
#18
REVIEW
Marzia Albenzio, Antonella Santillo, Mariangela Caroprese, Antonella Della Malva, Rosaria Marino
Proteins of animal origin represent physiologically active components in the human diet; they exert a direct action or constitute a substrate for enzymatic hydrolysis upon food processing and consumption. Bioactive peptides may descend from the hydrolysis by digestive enzymes, enzymes endogenous to raw food materials, and enzymes from microorganisms added during food processing. Milk proteins have different polymorphisms for each dairy species that influence the amount and the biochemical characteristics (e...
May 9, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460991/glycation-of-%C3%AE-lactoglobulin-under-dynamic-high-pressure-microfluidization-treatment-effects-on-ige-binding-capacity-and-conformation
#19
Yuan Chen, Zongcai Tu, Hui Wang, Lu Zhang, Xiaomei Sha, Juanjuan Pang, Ping Yang, Guangxian Liu, Wenhua Yang
The effects of dynamic high-pressure microfluidization (DHPM) (80, 120, and 160MPa) treatment and glycation with galactose on the IgE-binding capacity and conformation of β-lactoglobulin (β-Lg) were investigated. The binding capacity of immunoglobulin E (IgE) from patients' sera with cow's milk allergy on β-Lg glycated with galactose decreased after DHPM treatment. β-Lg treated after different DHPM methods and pressures yielded a significant discrepancy in IgE-binding capacity. When β-Lg was pretreated by DHPM, the IgE-binding capacity of β-Lg-galactose conjugates decreased with increasing pressure; however, the conjugates showed higher IgE-binding capacity at 120MPa than that at 80 and 160MPa when the β-Lg-galactose mixture was treated by DHPM...
November 2016: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449395/breast-milk-iga-to-foods-has-different-epitope-specificity-than-serum-iga-evidence-for-entero-mammary-link-for-food-specific-iga
#20
A E Seppo, E M Savilahti, M C Berin, H A Sampson, K M Järvinen
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that maternal cow's milk (CM) elimination results in downregulation of CM-specific IgA antibody levels in BM, but not in serum, suggesting that an entero-mammary link may exist for food-specific antibody-secreting cells. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate whether food-specific IgA epitope profiles differ intra-individually between mother's serum and BM. We also examined how infants' food epitope-specific IgA develops in early infancy and the relationship of IgA epitope recognition with development of cow's milk allergy (CMA)...
April 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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