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Pelvic incidence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349955/-clinical-application-of-percutaneous-iliosacral-screws-combined-with-pubic-ramus-screws-in-tile-b-pelvic-fracture
#1
Qi-Fei Xu, Kui-Ran Lin, Dai-Jie Zhao, Song-Qin Zhang, Sheng-Kai Feng, Chen Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application and effect of minimally invasive percutaneous anterior pelvic pubic ramus screw fixation in Tile B fractures. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on 56 patients with posterior pelvic ring injury combined with fractures of anterior pubic and ischiadic ramus treated between May 2010 and August 2015, including 31 males and 25 females with an average age of 36.8 years old ranging from 35 to 65 years old. Based on the Tile classification, there were 13 cases of Tile B1 type, 28 cases of Tile B2 type and 15 cases of Tile B3 type...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344136/clinical-outcome-of-extended-field-irradiation-vs-pelvic-irradiation-using-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-for-cervical-cancer
#2
Yi Ouyang, Yanhong Wang, Kai Chen, Xinping Cao, Yiming Zeng
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the distinctions in survival and toxicity between patients with cervical cancer with common iliac node or para-aortic node involvement, who were treated with extended-field intensity-modulated radiotherapy (EF-IMRT) and patients with or without lower involved pelvic nodes, who were treated with pelvic IMRT. A total of 55 patients treated with EF-IMRT and 52 patients treated with pelvic IMRT at the Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center (Guangzhou, China) were retrospectively analyzed...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342269/a-silent-epidemic-the-prevalence-incidence-and-persistence-of-mycoplasma-genitalium-among-young-asymptomatic-high-risk-women-in-the-united-states
#3
Arlene C Seña, Jeannette Y Lee, Jane Schwebke, Susan S Philip, Harold C Wiesenfeld, Anne M Rompalo, Robert L Cook, Marcia M Hobbs
Background: Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that can result in pelvic inflammatory disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes. We analyzed data collected from a prospective study of asymptomatic bacterial vaginosis (BV) to determine the natural history of MG. Methods: Women aged 15-25 years, with ≥2 STI risk factors and asymptomatic BV were recruited from 10 sites throughout the United States. Vaginal swabs were collected at enrollment, and by home-based testing every 2 months over 12 months...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337773/prognostic-factors-for-locoregional-recurrence-in-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-rectum
#4
Erica S Tsang, Yarrow J McConnell, David F Schaeffer, Yaling Yin, Caroline H Speers, Hagen F Kennecke
BACKGROUND: Optimal management of rectal neuroendocrine tumors is not yet well defined. Various pathologic factors, particularly tumor size, have been proposed as prognostic markers. OBJECTIVE: We characterized sequential patients diagnosed with rectal neuroendocrine tumors in a population-based setting to determine whether tumor size and other pathologic markers could be useful in guiding locoregional management. DESIGN: This study is a retrospective analysis of data from the British Columbia provincial cancer registry...
February 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336977/the-role-of-extended-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-following-urologic-pelvic-surgery
#5
Daniel Sagalovich, Rollin Say, Jihad Kaouk, Reza Mehrazin
With the emergence of evidence that venous thromboembolisms (VTE) typically occurs following discharge after urologic pelvic surgery, the focus on extended VTE prophylaxis has intensified. Urologists should have a comprehensive understanding of various VTE risk factors in order to weigh the risk of postoperative hemorrhage with the possibility of fatal pulmonary embolus. Risk factors such as advanced age, obesity, and active malignancy are especially common in patient's undergoing urologic pelvic surgery, and thus this issue becomes particularly relevant to the practicing urologist...
January 11, 2018: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336837/effectiveness-of-definitive-radiotherapy-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-with-gross-inguinal-lymphadenopathy
#6
Shane R Stecklein, Michael Frumovitz, Ann H Klopp, Jillian R Gunther, Patricia J Eifel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and long-term side effects of definitive groin radiotherapy for vulvar cancer with grossly involved inguinal lymph nodes. METHODS: The records of 407 women with vulvar squamous cell carcinoma treated with radiotherapy at one institution during 1992-2014 were reviewed to identify patients who had radiographic or histologic evidence of grossly involved inguinal lymph nodes. Patients with lymphadenectomy before radiotherapy and patients treated for recurrent disease were excluded...
January 11, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335832/lateral-trochanteric-pain-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-radiographic-assessment-of-altered-biomechanics-as-a-potential-aetiology
#7
Ali Abdulkarim, Cathy Keegan, Raazi Bajwa, Eoin Sheehan
INTRODUCTION: Lateral trochanteric pain (LTP) complicates up to 17% of cases of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Studies have refuted underlying trochanteric bursitis. Restoration of the femoral offset and reproduction of the natural femoral centre of rotation are important in successful arthroplasty. LTP is believed to be associated with their alteration. AIM: The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of femoral offset and centre of rotation on the incidence of LTP post-THA...
January 15, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334957/vertebral-column-decancellation-in-pott-s-deformity-use-of-surgimap-spine-for-preoperative-surgical-planning-retrospective-review-of-18-patients
#8
Wenhao Hu, Xuesong Zhang, Jiayi Yu, Fanqi Hu, Hao Zhang, Yan Wang
BACKGROUND: In the late stage of Spinal tuberculosis, the bony destruction and vertebral collapse often leads to significant kyphosis, presenting clinically as a painful gibbus deformity, with increased instability, vertebral body translations and increased risk of neurologic involvement. Vertebral column decancellation is thought to be suitable for most patients with severe rigid kyphosis. Surgimap Spine, could offer a pragmatic graphical method for the surgical planning of osteotomies...
January 15, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330576/xipho-pubic-angle-xpa-correlates-with-patient-s-reported-outcomes-in-a-population-of-adult-spinal-deformity-results-from-a-multi-center-cohort-study
#9
Francesco Langella, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Virginie Lafage, Justin S Smith, Christopher Shaffrey, Han Jo Kim, Douglas Burton, Richard Hostin, Shay Bess, Christopher Ames, Gregory Mundis, Eric Klineberg, Frank Schwab, Renault Lafage, Pedro Berjano
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multi-center cohort study. PURPOSE: Sagittal misalignment causes changes in the abdominal shape. Xipho-pubic angle (XPA) has been previously described to radiographically evaluate the shape of the abdominal cavity in patients with spine deformity. The aims of this study are to evaluate the correlation of XPA-to-spinopelvic sagittal parameters and to patients' health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) scores. METHODS: 278 patients from a multi-center database with diagnosis adult spinal deformity (ASD) (one or more of: coronal Cobb angle > 20°, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) > 50 mm, pelvic tilt (PT) > 25°, and thoracic kyphosis > 60°) were included...
January 12, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323746/the-acetabular-and-spino-pelvic-morphologies-are-different-in-subjects-with-symptomatic-cam-femoro-acetabular-impingement
#10
George Grammatopoulos, Andrew D Speirs, K C Geoffrey Ng, Charles Riviere, Kawan S Rakhra, Mario Lamontagne, Paul E Beaule
Acetabular and spino-pelvic (SP) morphological parameters are important determinants of hip joint dynamics. This prospective study aimed to determine whether acetabular and SP morphological differences exist between hips with and without cam morphology and between symptomatic and asymptomatic hips with cam morphology. A cohort of 67 patients/hips was studied. Hips were either asymptomatic with no cam (Controls, n = 18), symptomatic with cam (n = 26) or asymptomatic with cam (n = 23). CT-based quantitative assessments of femoral, acetabular, pelvic and spino-pelvic parameters were performed...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322856/perforation-risk-and-intra-uterine-devices-results-of-the-euras-iud-5-year-extension-study
#11
Clare Barnett, Sabine Moehner, Thai Do Minh, Klaas Heinemann
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis was to identify intra-uterine devices (IUD) perforations detected from 12 to 60 months following IUD insertion, and to combine this information with (our previously published) data about perforations detected in the first 12 months to calculate cumulative perforation rates. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Prospective, non-interventional cohort study with new users of levonorgestrel-releasing intra-uterine systems (LNG-IUS) and copper-IUD...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322346/study-on-the-incidence-and-influences-on-heterotopic-pregnancy-from-embryo-transfer-of-fresh-cycles-and-frozen-thawed-cycles
#12
Shan Xiao, Meilan Mo, Xiaodong Hu, Hongzhan Zhang, Shiru Xu, Zhuran Wang, Yong Zeng
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the heterotopic pregnancy rate using fresh versus frozen-thawed embryo transfers and factors associated with heterotopic pregnancy (HP). Management and clinical outcomes after heterotopic pregnancy were also evaluated. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we included 12,484 women who had clinical pregnancies after in vitro fertilization treatment at our fertility center between 2012 and 2017. Patients received fresh day 3 embryos (F-D3 group), fresh day 5 blastocysts (F-D5 group), frozen-thawed day 3 embryos (T-D3 group), or frozen-thawed day 5 or 6 blastocysts (T-D5/6 groups) transfers...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320992/caesarean-delivery-related-blood-transfusion-correlates-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-southwest-nigeria
#13
Fatimat M Akinlusi, Kabiru A Rabiu, Idayat A Durojaiye, Adeniyi A Adewunmi, Tawaqualit A Ottun, Yusuf A Oshodi
BACKGROUND: Caesarean delivery carries a risk of major intra-operative blood loss and its performance is often delayed by non-availability of blood and blood products. Unnecessary cross-matching and reservation of blood lead to apparent scarcity in centres with limited supply. This study set out to identify the risk factors for blood transfusion in women who underwent caesarean delivery at a tertiary obstetric unit with a view to ensuring efficient blood utilization. METHODS: A prospective cohort analysis of 906 women who had caesarean deliveries at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria between January and December, 2011...
January 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318645/endometriosis-increased-the-risk-of-bladder-pain-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis-a-population-based-study
#14
Chia-Chang Wu, Shiu-Dong Chung, Herng-Ching Lin
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested an association between bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) and endometriosis. However, no nation-wide population study has yet reported an association between them. In this study, we examined the risk of BPS/IC among subjects with endometriosis during a 3-year follow-up in Taiwan using a population-based dataset. STUDY DESIGN: This study comprised 9191 subjects with endometriosis, and 27 573 subjects randomly selected as controls...
January 10, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317155/compensatory-mechanism-of-the-spine-after-corrective-surgery-without-lumbar-sacral-fixation-for-traumatic-thoracolumbar-kyphotic-spine-deformity
#15
Koji Matsumoto, Masahiro Hoshino, Keita Omori, Hidetoshi Igarashi, Takashi Tsuruta, Koji Yamasaki, Hiromi Matsuzaki, Takanori Iriuchishima, Yasuaki Tokuhashi
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether long fusion including lumbar-sacral fixation is needed in corrective surgery to obtain good global sagittal balance (GSB) for the treatment of traumatic thoracolumbar kyphotic spine deformity. The purposes of this study were to evaluate compensatory mechanism of the spine after corrective surgery without lumbar-sacral fixation and to evaluate the parameters affecting the achievement of good GSB post-operatively. METHODS: Twenty (20) subjects requiring corrective surgery (distal end of fixation was L3) were included in this study...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315462/aprepitant-as-a-fourth-antiemetic-prophylactic-strategy-in-high-risk-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-trial
#16
L C de Morais, A M Sousa, G F Flora, T R Grigio, G M N Guimarães, H A Ashmawi
BACKGROUND: Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the most important causes of patient discomfort after laparoscopic surgeries despite the use of a multimodal pharmacological approach. This study assessed whether the addition of aprepitant to a multimodal regimen would further decrease the incidence of PONV in high-risk patients. METHODS: Apfel-score three or four patients, scheduled for laparoscopic procedures to treat abdominal or pelvic cancer, were randomized to receive oral starch (control group) or 80 mg of oral aprepitant (treatment group) before induction of anaesthesia in a double-blind study...
January 7, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315120/ethnic-variations-in-radiographic-parameters-and-srs-22-scores-in-adult-spinal-deformity-a-comparison-between-north-american-and-japanese-patients-above-50-years-of-age-with-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#17
Naobumi Hosogane, Christopher Ames, Morio Matsumoto, Mitsuru Yagi, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Hiroshi Taneichi, Yu Yamato, Daisaku Takeuchi, Frank Schwab, Christopher Shaffrey, Justin S Smith, Shay Bess, Virginie Lafage
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of North American and Japanese adult spinal deformity (ASD) database. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ethnical differences in radiographic parameters and Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 between North American and Japanese ASD. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous comparison study between North American and Japanese ASD patients has revealed Japanese patients had marked pelvic tilt deformity and had lower Oswestry Disability Index scores corresponding to established thresholds of radiographic deformity...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315090/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-anastomotic-failure-in-1594-patients-treated-by-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-results-from-the-international-tatme-registry
#18
Marta Penna, Roel Hompes, Steve Arnold, Greg Wynn, Ralph Austin, Janindra Warusavitarne, Brendan Moran, George B Hanna, Neil J Mortensen, Paris P Tekkis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of anastomotic-related morbidity following Transanal Total Mesorectal Excision (TaTME) and identify independent risk factors for failure. BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak and its sequelae are dreaded complications following gastrointestinal surgery. TaTME is a recent technique for rectal resection, which includes novel anastomotic techniques. METHODS: Prospective study of consecutive reconstructed TaTME cases recorded over 30 months in 107 surgical centers across 29 countries...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305254/pelvic-floor-functional-outcomes-after-total-abdominal-versus-total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-for-endometrial-cancer
#19
Peta Higgs, Monika Janda, Rebecca Asher, Val Gebski, Peta Forder, Andreas Obermair
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor functioning is an important concern for women requiring a hysterectomy for endometrial cancer. The incidence of pelvic floor symptoms has not been reported in women who have undergone a hysterectomy for early-stage endometrial cancer. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate pelvic floor function in women who have had surgical treatment for early stage endometrial cancer as part of the multinational Laparoscopic Approach to Cancer of the Endometrium (LACE) trial and to compare patients' outcomes who had total abdominal total versus total laparoscopic hysterectomy...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305234/reproductive-outcomes-after-fertility-sparing-surgery-for-focal-and-diffuse-adenomyosis-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Justin Tan, Sophie Moriarty, Omur Taskin, Catherine Allaire, Christina Williams, Paul Yong, Mohamed A Bedaiwy
Among the variety of treatment options to improve reproductive outcomes for infertile women with adenomyosis (AD), uterine conserving surgery has demonstrated varying success. Hence, we conducted a systematic review around the topic of fertility-sparing surgery across 18 studies and 1396 infertile women with focal and diffuse AD. Patients with focal AD demonstrated mean pregnancy and miscarriage rates of 52.7% (range:14.3-77.5%) and 21.1% (range:0-44.4%), respectively, while patients with diffuse AD had a mean pregnancy and miscarriage rate of 34...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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