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Pelvic incidence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914101/pelvic-incidence-and-hip-disorders
#1
Mikhail Saltychev, Katri Pernaa, Matti Seppänen, Keijo Mäkelä, Katri Laimi
Background and purpose - The role of pelvic incidence in hip disorders is unclear. Therefore, we undertook a literature review to evaluate the evidence on that role. Methods - A search was carried out on MEDLINE, SCOPUS, CENTRAL, and CINAHL databases. Quantitative analysis was based on comparison with a reference population of asymptomatic subjects. Results - The search resulted in 326 records: 15 studies were analyzed qualitatively and 13 quantitatively. The estimates of pelvic incidence varied more than 10 degrees from 47 (SD 3...
September 15, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904632/incidence-of-acetabular-dysplasia-in-breech-infants-following-initially-normal-ultrasound-the-effect-of-variable-diagnostic-criteria
#2
C M Brusalis, C T Price, W N Sankar
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the incidence of acetabular dysplasia at six months of age in patients with breech presentation and previously normal hip ultrasounds, reporting primary radiographic measurements to allow for comparison with other patient cohorts. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of breech infants with initially normal clinical examinations and hip ultrasounds was performed to determine the rate of subsequent acetabular dysplasia and to characterise the distribution of acetabular index (AI)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902106/fine-tuning-the-predictive-model-for-proximal-junctional-failure-in-surgically-treated-patients-with-adult-spinal-deformity
#3
Mitsuru Yagi, Nobuyuki Fujita, Eijiro Okada, Osahiko Tsuji, Narihito Nagoshi, Takashi Asazuma, Ken Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
STUDY DESIGN: Multi-center retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To validate and improve the predictive model for proximal junctional failure (PJF) with or without the bone mineral density (BMD) score. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PJF is a serious complication of surgery for adult spinal deformity (ADS). A predictive model for PJF was recently reported that has good accuracy, but does not include BMD, a known PJF risk factor, as a variable. METHODS: We included 145 surgically treated ASD patients who were older than 50 at the time of surgery and had been followed up for at least 2 years...
September 8, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900890/high-level-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-critically-ill-trauma-patients-despite-early-and-well-driven-thromboprophylaxis-protocol
#4
S R Hamada, C Espina, T Guedj, R Buaron, A Harrois, S Figueiredo, J Duranteau
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the most common preventable causes of in-hospital death in trauma patients surviving their injuries. We assessed the prevalence, incidence and risk factors for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in critically ill trauma patients, in the setting of a mature and early mechanical and pharmacological thromboprophylaxis protocol. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study on a cohort of patients from a surgical intensive care unit of a university level 1 trauma centre...
September 12, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900856/incidence-and-management-of-de-novo-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-after-pelvic-organ-prolapse-repair
#5
REVIEW
Henry Tran, Doreen E Chung
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a significant problem with many options for surgical correction. Following prolapse surgery, de novo lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are not uncommon. We review the current literature on de novo lower urinary tract symptoms following POP repair and discuss the role of urodynamics in the evaluation of the prolapse patient. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with occult stress urinary incontinence (SUI) appear to be at higher risk of developing de novo SUI after POP repair...
September 12, 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898685/avoidance-of-the-vaginal-incision-site-for-mesh-placement-in-vaginal-wall-prolapse-surgery-a-prospective-study
#6
Alfred Robichaud, Mathieu Bélanger, Martine Poirier, Frank Cloutier, Jeffrey Gaudet, Caroline Jose
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy of a minimal surface area, vaginally-installed polypropylene tape (VPT), avoiding insertion on the incision line to treat an anterior, posterior or anteroposterior vaginal wall prolapse. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with an anterior, posterior or anteroposterior vaginal wall prolapse waiting for surgical treatment were included in the study. Primary outcome was the incidence of prolapse recurrence reported with combined outcome measures and was reported with Kaplan-Meier cumulative incidence...
September 1, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894684/a-preliminary-algorithm-using-spine-measurement-software-to-predict-sagittal-alignment-following-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy
#7
Robert K Merrill, Jun S Kim, Dante M Leven, Joshua J Meaike, Joung Heon Kim, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if spine measurement software can simulate sagittal alignment following pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive adult spinal deformity patients who underwent lumbar PSO. Sagittal measurements were performed on preoperative lateral, standing radiographs. Sagittal measurements after simulated PSO were compared to actual postoperative measurements...
September 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894683/beyond-pelvic-incidence-lumbar-lordosis-mismatch-the-importance-of-assessing-the-entire-spine-to-achieve-global-sagittal-alignment
#8
Robert K Merrill, Jun S Kim, Dante M Leven, Joung Heon Kim, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE: To investigate which sagittal parameters contribute to a normal sagittal vertical axis (SVA) when there is a pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis (PI-LL) mismatch >10° following adult spinal deformity (ASD) correction. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of ASD patients with >5 levels fused. Sagittal measurements between cohorts of postoperative PI-LL >10° and PI-LL<10° were compared...
September 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894152/combination-of-tomographic-ultrasound-imaging-and-three-dimensional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-based-model-to-diagnose-postpartum-levator-avulsion
#9
Yulin Yan, Chaoran Dou, Xia Wang, Yan Xi, Bing Hu, Li Ma, Tao Ying
Vaginal delivery may cause levator avulsion, which may increase the risk of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD). To explore the morphological changes of the levator ani muscle (including the puborectalis and iliococcygeus) and levator avulsion after vaginal delivery, translabial tomographic ultrasound imaging (TUI) was used to examine 80 women 45-60 days after their vaginal delivery. Subsequently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed if at least one-sided puborectalis avulsion was found on TUI. The incidence of puborectalis avulsion in these postpartum women was 13...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893657/the-effect-of-adjuvant-treatment-to-prevent-and-treat-intrauterine-adhesions-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Yu Yan, Dongmei Xu
Intrauterine adhesions (IUA) can lead to partial or complete closure of the uterine cavity, which may result in symptoms including abnormal menstruation, infertility, and pelvic pain. A network meta-analysis was performed to assess the effect of adjuvant therapy on the prevention and treatment of intrauterine adhesions. We searched electronic databases, including PubMed, EmBase, and the Cochrane Library, up to May 5, 2017 without language restrictions. The primary outcomes in the present analysis were the rate of IUAs for prevention and the rate of IUA recurrence for treatment...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889983/analysing-the-change-of-sagittal-balance-in-patients-with-lenke-5-idiopathic-scoliosis
#11
Okan Ozkunt, Gökhan Karademir, Kerim Sariyilmaz, Halil Can Gemalmaz, Fatih Dikici, Unsal Domanic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate preoperative and postoperative spinopelvic parameters and the influence of lowest instrumented vertebrae on sagittal parameters in Lenke 5 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients. METHODS: A total of 42 patients (37 females, 5 males; mean age: 16.71 ± 3.46 years) were included in the study. Preoperative and postoperative last follow up lumbar lordosis (LL), thoracic kyphosis (TK), pelvic tilt (PT), pelvic incidence (PI) and sacral slope (SS) angles measured...
September 7, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888700/surgical-repair-of-rectovaginal-fistula-using-the-modified-martius-procedure-a-step-by-step-guide
#12
Dan Wang, Juan Chen, Lan Zhu, Mingchen Sang, Fan Yu, Qing Zhou
STUDY OBJECTIVE: to demonstrate the surgical repair of rectovaginal fistula by the modified Martius procedure. DESIGN: step by step presentation of the procedure using video. SETTING: Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) is abnormal epithelialized connections between the vagina and rectum. Causes of rectovaginal fistula include obstetrical trauma, Crohn disease, pelvic irradiation and postsurgical complications. Many surgical interventions have been developed, from laparoscopic technique to muscle transposition and even rectal resection...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887096/predicting-local-failure-after-radical-cystectomy-in-patients-with-bladder-cancer-implications-for-the-selection-of-candidates-at-adjuvant-radiation-therapy
#13
Marco Moschini, Shahrokh F Shariat, Mohammad Abufaraj, Beat Foerster, David D Andrea, Francesco Soria, Paolo Dell Oglio, Agostino Mattei, Francesco Montorsi, Renzo Colombo, Alberto Briganti, Andrea Gallina
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate incidence and predictors of local failure (LF) after radical cystectomy (RC) due to bladder cancer. METHODS: We focused on 1,112 patients treated with RC, between 1990 and 2012, at a single center. LF was defined as imaging evidence of recurrence in the pelvic soft tissues or nodes below the aortic bifurcation at least 3 months before the detection of distant metastases. Competing risk analyses tested the relationship between clinical and pathological factors and the risk to develop LF...
September 5, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884736/-the-application-of-low-frequency-ultrasound-for-the-comprehensive-treatment-and-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-presenting-with-chronic-endometritis
#14
Yu V Kovaleva
The incidence of chronic endometritis remains rather high despite considerable progress in reproductive medicine including the advent of the new methods for assisted reproduction; the pregnancy rate after the treatment of this condition is still unacceptably low. It implies the necessity of the careful preparation of endometrium for the implantation of the embryo especially in women with a history of unsuccessful outcomes of the IVF treatment. It calls for the development of the efficient therapeutic modalities for the management of chronic endometritis and restoration of the normal reproductive function; their introduction into the therapeutic algorithm remains equally relevant...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882966/predictive-factors-of-late-onset-rectal-mucosal-changes-after-radiotherapy-of-prostate-cancer
#15
Edy Ippolito, Alessandra Guido, Gabriella Macchia, Francesco Deodato, Lucia Giaccherini, Andrea Farioli, Alessandra Arcelli, Dajana Cuicchi, Leonardo Frazzoni, Savino Cilla, Milly Buwenge, Giovanna Mantini, Anna R Alitto, Marianna Nuzzo, Vincenzo Valentini, Marcello Ingrosso, Alessio G Morganti, Lorenzo Fuccio
BACKGROUND/AIM: The Vienna Rectoscopy Score (VRS; from 0, absence of rectal mucosal changes, to 5) assessed 1 year after radiotherapy is a surrogate end-point of late rectal toxicity. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between treatment-related factors and 1-year VRS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Patients with prostate adenocarcinoma treated with definitive or postoperative radiotherapy (RT) underwent endoscopy 1 year after RT...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881119/evaluation-of-global-sagittal-balance-in-koreans-adults
#16
Yongjae Cho
OBJECTVIE: The global sagittal postural patterns as characterized by Roussouly classification have been previously described in various ethnicities, there were no studies investigated in Koreans. To analyze the distribution of the global sagittal postural patterns in Korean adults using Roussouly classification, the author prospectively studied. METHODS: 252 asymptomatic Korean adults was recruited. Data was obtained by reviewing the films for each subject. Spinopelvic parameters were measured and sagittal postural patterns were then determined according to Roussouly classification...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880495/case-report-of-perineal-hernia-after-laparoscopic-abdominoperineal-resection
#17
Kumpei Honjo, Kazuhiro Sakamoto, Shunsuke Motegi, Ryoichi Tsukamoto, Shinya Munakata, Kiichi Sugimoto, Hirohiko Kamiyama, Makoto Takahashi, Yutaka Kojima, Tetsu Fukunaga, Yoshiaki Kajiyama, Seiji Kawasaki
Perineal hernia (PH) is a rare complication following laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection (APR) for rectal cancer. We present a case report of perineal hernia after laparoscopic APR and discuss its management. The patient was a 77-year-old man who was diagnosed with lower rectal cancer. He underwent laparoscopic APR and bilateral lateral lymph node dissection. Two months after the surgery, pain and bulging in the perineal region developed, and PH was diagnosed by CT. Repair with a polypropylene mesh was performed using a combination of laparoscopic abdominal and transperineal approaches...
September 7, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874974/evaluation-of-sagittal-spine-pelvis-lower-limb-alignment-in-elderly-women-with-pelvic-retroversion-while-standing-and-walking-using-a-three-dimensional-musculoskeletal-model
#18
Ken Sasaki, Michio Hongo, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Toshiki Matsunaga, Shin Yamada, Hiroaki Kijima, Yoichi Shimada
STUDY DESIGN: In vivo biomechanical study using a three-dimensional (3D) musculoskeletal model for elderly individuals with or without pelvic retroversion. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of pelvic retroversion on the sagittal alignment of the spine, pelvis, and lower limb in elderly females while standing and walking. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Patients with hip-spine syndrome have concurrent hip-joint and spine diseases. However, the dynamic sagittal alignment between the hip joint and spine has rarely been investigated...
August 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872774/prospective-randomized-non-inferiority-trial-of-pelvic-drain-placement-versus-no-pelvic-drain-placement-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#19
Avinash Chenam, Bertram Yuh, Ali Zhumkhawala, Nora Ruel, William Chu, Clayton Lau, Kevin Chan, Timothy Wilson, Jonathan Yamzon
OBJECTIVES: To determine if eliminating the prophylactic placement of a pelvic drain (PD) after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) affects the incidence of early (90-day) postoperative adverse events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this parallel-group, blinded, non-inferiority trial, we randomized patients planning to undergo RARP to one of two arms: no drain placement (ND) or PD placement. Patients with demonstrable intra-operative leakage upon bladder irrigation were excluded...
September 5, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870800/cancer-pain-with-a-neuropathic-component-a-cross-sectional-study-of-its-clinical-characteristics-associated-psychological-distress-treatments-and-predictors-at-referral-to-a-cancer-pain-clinic
#20
Paulo Reis-Pina, Anand Acharya, Peter G Lawlor
CONTEXT: In patients with cancer pain, identifying a neuropathic pain component (NPC) may inform the selection of subsequent therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics, associated psychological distress, pre-referral treatment, and predictors of cancer pain with a NPC in patients referred to a cancer pain clinic. METHODS: Participants had standard assessments and documentation: Brief Pain Inventory ratings; presence of a NPC, based on a DN4 (neuropathic pain screening scale) score ≥4 combined with a physician's clinical assessment (blinded to DN4 result); the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) and Emotional Thermometer scores...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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