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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138069/traumatic-fractures-of-the-cervical-spine-analysis-of-changes-in-incidence-etiology-concurrent-injuries-and-complications-among-488-262-patients-from-2005-2013
#1
Peter G Passias, Gregory W Poorman, Frank A Segreto, Cyrus M Jalai, Samantha R Horn, Cole A Bortz, Dennis Vasquez-Montes, Bassel G Diebo, Shaleen Vira, Olivia J Bono, Rafael De La Garza-Ramos, John Y Moon, Charles Wang, Brandon P Hirsch, Peter L Zhou, Michael Gerling, Heiko Koller, Virginie Lafage
OBJECTIVE: The etiologies and epidemiology of traumatic cervical spine fracture have not been described with sufficient power or recency. Our goal is to describe demographics, incidence, etiology, spinal cord injuries (SCIs), concurrent injuries, treatments, and complications of traumatic cervical spine fractures. METHODS: Retrospective review of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. ICD-9 E-Codes identified trauma cases from 2005-2013. Patients with cervical fracture were isolated...
November 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137102/lateral-medullary-infarction-with-similar-features-of-brown-sequard-syndrome-caused-by-vertebrobasilar-dysplasia-and-klippel-feil-syndrome-a-case-report
#2
Jingzhe Han, Duanhua Cao, Guomei Ma, Tingting Wang, Ye Ji, Zhilei Kang
RATIONALE: Patients with Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) are always anomaly associated with vertebrobasilar dysplasia. That may present commonly as infarction of brainstem, medulla, and cerebellum. In this article, we reported a rare case of lateral medullary infarction (LMI) with similar features of Brown Sequard syndrome caused by vertebrobasilar dysplasia and KFS, and the 2 rare conditions that are causally related. The case is being reported because of its unusual and rare presentation...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133325/minimally-invasive-surgery-versus-open-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-study-protocol-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-misos-trial
#3
Mark P Arts, Jasper Fc Wolfs, Jos Ma Kuijlen, Godard Cw de Ruiter
INTRODUCTION: Patients with symptomatic spondylolisthesis are frequently treated with nerve root decompression, in addition to pedicle screw fixation and interbody fusion. Minimally invasive approaches are gaining attention in recent years, although there is no clear evidence supporting the proclamation of minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) being better than open surgery. We present the design of the MISOS (Minimal Invasive Surgery versus Open Surgery) trial on the effectiveness of MISS versus open surgery in patients with degenerative or spondylolytic spondylolisthesis...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129272/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-infection-in-spine-surgery-a-prospective-multicenter-study-of-1764-instrumented-spinal-procedures
#4
Wenfei Gu, Laiyong Tu, Zhiquan Liang, Zhenbin Wang, Kahaer Aikenmu, Ge Chu, Enfeng Zhang, Jiang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common complication in spinal surgery, imposing a high burden on patients and society. However, information about its characteristics and related risk factors is limited. We designed this prospective, multicenter study to address this issue. METHODS: From January 2015 through February 2016, a total of 1764 patients who had spinal trauma or degenerative spinal diseases were treated with instrumented surgeries and followed up for 1 year with complete data...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127771/comparison-of-the-anteroposterior-and-posterior-approaches-for-percutaneous-catheter-drainage-of-tuberculous-psoas-abscess
#5
Fei Ye, Qingzhong Zhou, Daxiong Feng
BACKGROUND Tuberculous infection of the lumbar spine may be associated with psoas abscess. The aim of this clinical study was to compare the outcome of posterior lumbar debridement and spinal fusion, combined with either a one-stage anteroposterior (AP) or posterior (P) approach to percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) for the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis with psoas abscess. MATERIAL AND METHODS From January 2008 to June 2012, 74 patients were diagnosed at our hospital with lumbar tuberculosis with unilateral or bilateral psoas abscess...
November 11, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127511/adjacent-segment-degeneration-after-intervertebral-fusion-surgery-by-means-of-cervical-block-vertebrae
#6
Xinlong Ma, Yuren Du, Shuli Wang, Jianxiong Ma, Tao Wang, Mingjie Kuang, Baoyi Ma
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cervical block vertebrae is unknown. Furthermore, there is no consensus on the cause of adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) after cervical fusion. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What is the incidence of cervical block vertebrae? Is there a gender difference? (2) Among cervical block vertebrae cases, is ASD related to age and segment? And what is the specific relationship? (3) What are the imaging findings and characteristics of this disease? PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively diagnosed cervical block vertebrae cases with bony fusions in any segments of the cervical spine without intervertebral fusion surgery of 33,762 patients reported from 2006 to 2011 in north China...
November 10, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125431/the-timing-of-venous-thromboembolic-events-after-spine-surgery-a-single-center-experience-with-6869-consecutive-patients
#7
Michael B Cloney, Benjamin Hopkins, Ekamjeet S Dhillon, Nader S Dahdaleh
OBJECTIVE Venous thromboembolic events (VTEs), including both deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism, are a major cause of morbidity and mortality after spine surgery. Prophylactic anticoagulation, or chemoprophylaxis, can prevent VTE. However, the timing of VTEs after spine surgery and the effect of chemoprophylaxis on VTE timing remain underinvestigated. METHODS The records of 6869 consecutive spine surgeries were retrospectively examined. Data on patient demographics, surgical variables, hospital course, and timing of VTEs were collected...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119045/lumbar-stenosis-surgery-spine-surgeons-not-insurance-companies-should-decide-when-enough-is-better-than-too-much
#8
EDITORIAL
Nancy E Epstein
Background: Lumbar surgery for spinal stenosis is the most common spine operation being performed in older patients. Nevertheless, every time we want to schedule surgery, we confront the insurance industry. More often than not they demand patients first undergo epidural steroid injections (ESI); clearly they are not aware of ESI's lack of long-term efficacy. Who put these insurance companies in charge anyway? We did. How? Through performing too many unnecessary or overly extensive spinal operations (e...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119044/nursing-review-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-lumbar-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#9
Nancy E Epstein, Renee D Hollingsworth
Background: In the lumbar spine, degenerative spondylolisthesis or degenerative (not traumatic) slippage of one vertebral body over another is divided into 4 grades - grade I (25%), grade II (50%), grade III (75%), and grade IV (100%). Dynamic X-rays, magnetic resonance (MR), and computed tomography (CT) scans document the slip secondary to arthritic changes of the facet joint plus stenosis, ossification of the yellow ligament, disc herniations, and synovial cysts. MR best demonstrates soft tissue pathology whereas CT better delineates ossific/calcified disease...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116423/postoperative-occipital-neuralgia-in-posterior-upper-cervical-spine-surgery-a-systematic-review
#10
Qing Guan, Fei Xing, Ye Long, Zhou Xiang
Postoperative occipital neuralgia (PON) after upper cervical spine surgery can cause significant morbidity and may be overlooked. The causes, presentation, diagnosis, management, prognosis, and prevention of PON were reviewed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. English-language studies and case reports published from inception to 2017 were retrieved. Data on surgical procedures, incidence, cause of PON, management, outcomes, and preventive technique were extracted...
November 7, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114274/outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-compared-to-open-posterior-lumbar-instrumentation-and-fusion
#11
Low Yong Lee, Zamzuri Idris, Tan Boon Beng, Teo Yian Young, Wong Chung Chek, Jafri Malin Abdullah, Wong Sii Hieng
Introduction: Degenerative spine disease is increasingly common. There are many spinal fusion techniques used to treat degenerative spine disease. This study aims to compare the functional outcome of open versus minimally invasive surgery (MIS) technique in posterior lumbar instrumentation and fusion in degenerative spine disease and to evaluate the perioperative outcome and complications between MIS and open surgery. Materials and Methods: This is an observational cross-sectional study conducted on all degenerative spine disease patients who underwent both methods of posterior lumbar instrumentation and fusion from 2010 to 2014 by the Orthopedic and Neurosurgery Department, Sarawak General Hospital...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113855/holospinal-epidural-abscesses-institutional-experience
#12
REVIEW
Kelly J Bridges, Khoi D Than
PURPOSE: The authors present a holospinal epidural abscesses (HEA) case series and a single institution's experience with varied surgical approaches and outcomes. METHODS: Medical records were queried and reviewed (6 years) for patients with a spinal abscess diagnosis; HEA were selected. Medical history, comorbidities, blood and epidural pathogens, presentation symptoms, abscess location, presence of mass effect, surgical procedures, treatment regimens, and neurological outcomes were collected...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110218/cervical-sagittal-balance-a-biomechanical-perspective-can-help-clinical-practice
#13
REVIEW
Avinash G Patwardhan, Saeed Khayatzadeh, Robert M Havey, Leonard I Voronov, Zachary A Smith, Olivia Kalmanson, Alexander J Ghanayem, William Sears
PURPOSE: In this article, we summarize our work on understanding the influence of cervical sagittal malalignment on the mechanics of the cervical spine. METHODS: Biomechanical studies were performed using an ex vivo laboratory model to study the kinematic and kinetic response of human cervical spine specimens in the setting of cervical sagittal imbalance. The model allowed controlled variations of C2-C7 Sagittal Vertical Alignment (C2-C7 SVA) and T1-Slope so that clinically relevant sagittally malaligned profiles could be prescribed, while maintaining horizontal gaze, and their biomechanical consequences studied...
November 6, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109065/the-impact-of-chronic-kidney-disease-on-post-operative-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-decompression-and-fusion
#14
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Amanda Sergesketter, Deborah Oyeyemi, Diego Galan, Victoria D Vuong, Syed Khalid, Joseph Cheng, Carlos A Bagley, Isaac O Karikari
BACKGROUND: Little is known of the impact of pre-operative chronic kidney disease (CKD) on post-operative complications in patients undergoing lumbar arthrodesis. The aim of this study is to determine whether pre-operative CKD is associated with inferior peri-operative outcomes. METHODS: The medical records of 293 adult (≥18 years-old) spine deformity patients undergoing elective lumbar spine decompression and fusion at a major academic institution from 2006 to 2015 were reviewed...
November 3, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106662/preoperative-nomograms-predict-patient-specific-cervical-spine-surgery-clinical-and-quality-of-life-outcomes
#15
Daniel Lubelski, Vincent Alentado, Amy S Nowacki, Michael Shriver, Kalil G Abdullah, Michael P Steinmetz, Edward C Benzel, Thomas E Mroz
BACKGROUND: Clinical and quality of life (QOL) outcomes vary depending on the patient's demographics, comorbidities, presenting symptoms, pathology, and surgical treatment used. While there have been individual predictors identified, no comprehensive method incorporates a patient's complex clinical presentation to predict a specific individual postoperative outcome. OBJECTIVE: To create tool that predicts patient-specific outcomes among those undergoing cervical spine surgery...
June 29, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105726/complications-of-2-level-dynamic-stabilization
#16
Mert Ciplak, Tuncer Suzer, Salim Senturk, Onur Yaman, Mehdi Sasani, Tunc Oktenoglu, Atilla Yilmaz, Deniz Ufuk Erbulut, Ali Fahir Özer
AIM: A retrospective chart and a radiographic review. Evaluation of postoperative complications, clinical improvements and radiological parameters in patients who underwent surgery using a dynamic system for 2-level lumbar stabilization. We aimed to investigate the postoperative complications, such as screw loosening, screw breakage and ASD, in patients who underwent surgery with 2-level dynamic stabilization systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dynamic lumbar systems enable the stabilization of unstable degenerative spines, while preventing fusion-related complications, such as adjacent segment disease(ASD) and pseudarthrosis...
September 25, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099409/cost-effectiveness-of-primary-and-revision-surgery-for-adult-spinal-deformity
#17
Tina Raman, Suresh K Nayar, Shuiqing Liu, Skolasky L Richard, Khaled M Kebaish
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare functional outcomes, hospital resource utilization, and spine-related costs during 2 years in patients who had undergone primary or revision surgery for adult spinal deformity (ASD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: After surgery for ASD, patients may require revision for pseudarthrosis, implant complications, or deformity progression. Data evaluating cost-effectiveness of primary and, in particular, revision surgery, for ASD are sparse...
November 2, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097956/thoracic-spondylodiscitis-epidural-abscess-in-an-afebrile-navy-veteran-a-case-report
#18
Zachary A Cupler, Michael T Anderson, Thomas J Stancik
Objective: The purpose of this case study was to describe the differential diagnosis of a thoracic epidural abscess in a Navy veteran who presented to a chiropractic clinic for evaluation and management with acupuncture within a Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Clinical Features: An afebrile 59-year-old man with acute thoracic spine pain and chronic low back pain presented to the chiropractic clinic at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center for consideration for acupuncture treatment...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095414/effects-of-combined-magnetic-fields-cmf-treatment-and-nano-hydroxyapatite-ha-coating-on-porous-biphasic-calcium-phosphate-bcp-bone-graft-in-rabbit-spinal-fusion-model
#19
Xianglong Zhuo, Chentian Li, Bing Li, Zhaoyang Li, Hongbin Lv, Jianjun Huang, Daqi Xu, Jian-Zhong Hu
STUDY DESIGN: An animal experimental study was designed to investigate the efficacy of combined magnetic fields (CMF) treatment and nano-hydroxyapatite (HA) coating in the biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) graft in posterolateral lumbar fusion. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of CMF treatment and nano-HA/BCP and their combination effect in posterolateral lumbar fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Enhancement of artificial bone graft bioeffects could improve spinal fusion outcomes...
October 31, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093791/postoperative-spinal-subdural-lesions-following-lumbar-spine-surgery-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#20
Yukitaka Nagamoto, Shota Takenaka, Hiroyuki Aono
Study Design: Retrospective case-control study. Purpose: To clarify the prevalence and risk factors for spinal subdural lesions (SSDLs) following lumbar spine surgery. Overview of Literature: Because SSDLs, including arachnoid cyst and subdural hematoma, that develop following spinal surgery are seldom symptomatic and require reoperation, there are few reports on these pathologies. No study has addressed the prevalence and risk factors for SSDLs following lumbar spine surgery...
October 2017: Asian Spine Journal
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