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Liposomes cancer

Shaghayegh Fathi, Adegboyega K Oyelere
Liposomes are biodegradable and biocompatible self-forming spherical lipid bilayer vesicles. They can encapsulate and deliver one or more hydrophobic and hydrophilic therapeutic agents with poor therapeutic indices to tumor sites. Properties such as lipid bilayer fluidity, charge, size and surface hydration can be modified to extend liposome circulation time in the bloodstream and enhance efficacy. The focus of this review is on ligand-conjugated liposomes and their potential application in tumor-targeted delivery...
October 24, 2016: Future Medicinal Chemistry
Anil K Deshantri, Sander A A Kooijmans, Sylvia A Kuijpers, Maria Coimbra, Astrid Hoeppener, Gert Storm, Marcel H A M Fens, Raymond M Schiffelers
Cancers are abundantly infiltrated by inflammatory cells that are modulated by tumor cells to secrete mediators fostering tumor cell survival and proliferation. Therefore, agents that interfere with inflammatory signaling molecules or specific immune cell populations have been investigated as anticancer drugs. Corticosteroids are highly potent anti-inflammatory drugs, whose activity is intensified when targeted by nanocarrier systems. Liposome-targeted corticosteroids have been shown to inhibit tumor growth in different syngeneic murine tumor models as well as human xenograft mouse models, which is attributed to a switch in the tumor microenvironment from a pro-inflammatory to an anti-inflammatory state...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Phei Er Saw, Jinho Park, Sangyong Jon, Omid C Farokhzad
A major problem with cancer chemotherapy begins when cells acquire resistance. Drug-resistant cancer cells typically upregulate multi-drug resistance proteins such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp). However, the lack of overexpressed surface biomarkers has limited the targeted therapy of drug-resistant cancers. Here we report a drug-delivery carrier decorated with a targeting ligand for a surface marker protein Extra-domain B(EDB) specific to drug-resistant breast cancer cells as a new therapeutic option for the aggressive cancers...
October 18, 2016: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Arpit Bhargava, Dinesh K Mishra, Subodh K Jain, Rupesh K Srivastava, Nirmal K Lohiya, Pradyumna K Mishra
We aimed to identify an optimum nano-carrier system to deliver tumor antigen to dendritic cells (DCs) for efficient targeting of tumor reinitiating cells (TRICs) in gynecological malignancies. Different lipid based nano-carrier systems i.e. liposomes, ethosomes and solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNPs) were examined for their ability to activate DCs in allogeneic settings. Out of these three, the most optimized formulation was subjected for cationic and mannosylated surface modification and pulsed with DCs for specific targeting of tumor cells...
October 17, 2016: Molecular Immunology
Sheng-Hung Wang, John Yu
To develop peptide-conjugated liposomes for cancer imaging and therapy, the label-free surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor (Biacore™) is a practical and also preferred strategy to examine protein-peptide interaction. A new Biacore protocol with "oriented immobilization" for peptide-binding assay, which overcomes the drawbacks of conventional protocols, was presented in this data article. These results were complementary to the research article Wang at al., [1], which reported a series of new cancer-targeting peptides found with HotLig software (Wang et al...
June 2016: Data in Brief
Shu Wen Wen, Jaclyn Sceneay, Luize G Lima, Christina Sf Wong, Melanie Becker, Sophie Krumeich, Richard J Lobb, Vanessa Castillo, Ke Ni Wong, Sarah Ellis, Belinda S Parker, Andreas Moller
Small membranous secretions from tumor cells, termed exosomes, contribute significantly to intercellular communication and subsequent reprogramming of the tumor microenvironment. Here we use optical imaging to determine that exogenously administered fluorescently-labeled exosomes derived from highly metastatic murine breast cancer cells, distributed predominantly to the lung of syngeneic mice, a frequent site of breast cancer metastasis. At the sites of accumulation, exosomes were taken up by CD45+ bone marrow-derived cells...
October 19, 2016: Cancer Research
Maneea Eizadi Sharifabad, Tim Mercer, Tapas Sen
Liposome-capped core-shell mesoporous silica-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles called 'magnetic protocells' were prepared as novel nanocomposites and used for loading anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) for cellular toxicity study. Cytotoxicity of the magnetic protocells with or without DOX was tested in vitro on commercial MCF7 and U87 cell lines under alternating magnetic field. MCF7 cell line treated with the DOX-loaded nanoparticles under alternating magnetic field exhibited nearly 20% lower survival rate after 24 h compared with cells treated with free DOX and similarly, it was around 24% when applied to U87...
October 19, 2016: Nanomedicine
Azadeh Kheirolomoom, Elizabeth S Ingham, Joel Commisso, Neveen Abushaban, Katherine W Ferrara
We previously developed a pH-responsive copper-doxorubicin (CuDox) cargo in lysolipid-based temperature-sensitive liposomes (LTSLs). The CuDox complex is released from the particle by elevated temperature; however, full release of doxorubicin from CuDox requires a reduced pH, such as that expected in lysosomes. The primary goal of this study is to evaluate the cellular uptake and intracellular trafficking of the drug-metal complex in comparison with intact liposomes and free drug. We found that the CuDox complex was efficiently internalized by mammary carcinoma cells after release from LTSLs...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Elham Ajorlou, Ahmad Yari Khosroushahi
PURPOSE: The dawn of the state-of-the-art methods of cancer treatments, nano-based delivery systems, has dispensed with the mainstream chemotherapy for being inadequate in yielding productive results and the numerous reported side effects. The popularity of this complementary approach in the course of the last two decades has been primarily attributed to its capacity to elevate the therapeutic index of anticancer drugs as well as removing the impassable delivery barriers in solid tumors with the minimal damage to the normal tissues...
October 15, 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Xiao-Qing Wang, Zhou-Na Li, Qi-Ming Wang, Zhonggao Gao, Zhe-Hu Jin
Keloids were characterized by excessive growth of fibrous tissues, and shared several pathological characteristics with cancer. They did put physical and emotional stress on patients in that keloids could badly change appearance of patients. N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (4HPR) showed cytotoxic activity on a wide variety of invasive-growth cells. Our work was aim to prepare N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide-loaded lipid microbubbles (4HPR-LM) combined with ultrasound for anti-keloid therapy. 4HPR-loaded liposomes (4HPR-L) were first prepared by film evaporation method, and then 4HPR-LM were manufactured by mixing 4HPR-L and perfluoropentane (PFP) with ultrasonic cavitation method...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
Chun-Yi Wu, Jo-Hsin Tang, Pei-Chia Chan, Jia-Je Li, Ming-Hsien Lin, Chih-Chieh Shen, Ren-Shyan Liu, Hsin-Ell Wang
PURPOSE: Surgical resection is the standard treatment for localized colorectal cancer, which is the most common type of gastrointestinal cancer. However, over 40 % cases are diagnosed metastasized and apparently inoperable. Systemic chemotherapy provides an alternative to these patients. This study aims to evaluate the therapeutic potential of liposomal doxorubicin (lipoDox) in combination with liposomal vinorelbine (lipoVNB) in a CT-26 colon carcinoma-bearing mouse model. PROCEDURES: The in vitro cytotoxicity of Dox and VNB on CT-26 cancer cells was determined by MTT and colony formation assays...
October 11, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Theyencheri Narayanan, Dhammika Weerakkody, Alexander G Karabadzhak, Michael Anderson, Oleg A Andreev, Yana K Reshetnyak
The pH (Low) Insertion Peptides (pHLIP® peptides) find application in studies of membrane-associated folding, since spontaneous insertion of these peptides is conveniently triggered by varying pH. Also, pHLIP® peptides have medical utility, since they can target acidic diseased tissues, such as tumors, and deliver therapeutic cargo molecules across membrane or target nanoparticles to cancer cells. Here we employed small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) to investigate WT pHLIP® peptide oligomeric state in solution at high concentrations and monitor changes in liposome structure upon peptide insertion into bilayer...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Merel van Elk, Bruce P Murphy, Tatiane Eufrásio-da-Silva, Daniel P O'Reilly, Tina Vermonden, Wim E Hennink, Garry P Duffy, Eduardo Ruiz-Hernández
The development of nanomedicines for the treatment of cancer focuses on the local targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs to enhance drug efficacy and reduce adverse effects. The nanomedicines which are currently approved for clinical use are mainly successful in terms of improved bioavailability and tolerability but do not necessarily increase drug performance. Therefore, there is a need for improved drug carrier systems which are able to deliver high doses of anti-cancer drugs to the tumor. Stimuli responsive carriers are promising candidates since drug release can be triggered locally in the tumor via internal (i...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Ahmad Arouri, Kira E Lauritsen, Henriette L Nielsen, Ole G Mouritsen
Because of the amphipathicity and conical molecular shape of fatty acids, they can efficiently incorporate into lipid membranes and disturb membrane integrity, chain packing, and lateral pressure profile. These phenomena affect both model membranes as well as biological membranes. We investigated the feasibility of exploiting fatty acids as permeability enhancers in drug delivery systems for enhancing drug release from liposomal carriers and drug uptake by target cells. Saturated fatty acids, with acyl chain length from C8 to C20, were tested using model drug delivery liposomes of 1,2- dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) and the breast cancer MCF-7 cell line as a model cell...
October 7, 2016: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
Xiejun Xu, Xingqing Xiao, Shouhong Xu, Honglai Liu
Recent experiments in our lab (Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, 18, 10129-10137) suggested using leucine zipper peptides to enhance the thermosensitivity of liposomes. To understand the mechanisms of temperature-responsive control by the leucine zipper peptide in liposomes, we firstly performed quantum mechanics calculations and implicit-solvent replica exchange molecular dynamics simulations to study the thermo-stability of two leucine zipper peptides, CH3(CH2)4-CO-[VAQLEVK-VAQLESK-VSKLESK-VSSLESK] (termed the capped peptide) and A-[VAQLEVK-VAQLESK-VSKLESK-VSSLESK] (termed the ALA peptide)...
September 14, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Andrew T Lucas, Taylor F White, Allison M Deal, Leah B Herity, Gina Song, Charlene M Santos, William C Zamboni
The mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) has previously been shown to significantly affect the clearance, tumor delivery, and efficacy of nanoparticles (NPs). This study profiled MPS cell infiltration in murine preclinical tumor models and evaluated how these differences may affect tumor disposition of PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) in models sensitive and resistant to PLD. Significant differences in MPS presence existed between tumor types (e.g. ovarian versus endometrial), cell lines within the same tumor type, and location of tumor implantation (i...
October 5, 2016: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Doris Hinger, Susanna Gräfe, Fabrice Navarro, Bernhard Spingler, Devaraj Pandiarajan, Heinrich Walt, Anne-Claude Couffin, Caroline Maake
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) as promising alternative to conventional cancer treatments works by irradiation of a photosensitizer (PS) with light, which creates reactive oxygen species and singlet oxygen ((1)O2), that damage the tumor. However, a routine use is hindered by the PS's poor water solubility and extended cutaneous photosensitivity of patients after treatment. In our study we sought to overcome these limitations by encapsulation of the PS m-tetrahydroxyphenylchlorin (mTHPC) into a biocompatible nanoemulsion (Lipidots)...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Sheetal Jha, Pramod Sharma, Rishabha Malviya
In this review article, authors reviewed about the liposomes which are amongst various drug delivering systems for the delivery of the therapeutic agents at the target site. Advances in liposomal drug delivery systems for the cancer therapy have enhanced the therapeutic levels of the anticancer moieties. Liposomes show promising action on the tumor by incorporating less amount of drug at the target site, with minimum toxic effect and maximum therapeutic effect and thereby enhancing the bioavailability. Liposome- based drug delivery systems provide the potential to elevate the effect of drug concentration in tumour cells...
October 4, 2016: Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
Bradley J Monk, Domenica Lorusso, Antoine Italiano, Stan B Kaye, Miguel Aracil, Adnan Tanović, Maurizio D'Incalci
Trabectedin is a marine-derived product that was originally isolated from the Caribbean sea squirt Ecteinascidia turbinata and the first anticancer marine drug to be approved by the European Union. It is currently used as a single agent for the treatment of patients with soft tissue sarcoma after failure of anthracyclines and ifosfamide, or for those patients who are unsuited to receive these agents, and in patients with relapsed, platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer in combination with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin...
September 15, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Bradley J Monk, Andrea Facciabene, William E Brady, Carol Aghajanian, Paula M Fracasso, Joan Walker, Heather A Lankes, Kristi L Manjarrez, Gwenn Danet-Desnoyers, Katherine M Bell-McGuinn, Carolyn K McCourt, Alexander Malykhin, Robert M Hershberg, George Coukos
BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy is an emerging paradigm for the treatment of cancer, but the potential efficacy of many drugs cannot be sufficiently tested in the mouse. We sought to develop a rational combination of motolimod-a novel Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8) agonist that stimulates robust innate immune responses in humans but diminished responses in mice-with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD), a chemotherapeutic that induces immunogenic cell death. METHODS: We followed an integrative pharmacologic approach including healthy human volunteers, non-human primates, NSG-HIS ("humanized immune system") mice reconstituted with human CD34+ cells, and cancer patients to test the effects of motolimod and to assess the combination of motolimod with PLD for the treatment of ovarian cancer...
October 4, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
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