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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455422/correction-to-learning-curves-of-two-different-techniques-for-the-intra-articular-injection-of-the-knee-joint-under-fluoroscopic-guidance
#1
Paolo Simoni, Olivier Malaise, Mounia El Hachemi, Angelo Tromba, Grammatina Boitsios
The published version of this article contained a mistake. In Table 1 of the original article, the numbers of successful injections and failed injections were not correct. The correct Table 1 should read as given below.
February 17, 2018: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453488/no-evidence-for-combining-cartilage-treatment-and-knee-osteotomy-in-osteoarthritic-joints-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
G Filardo, S Zaffagnini, R De Filippis, F Perdisa, L Andriolo, C Candrian
PURPOSE: To assess whether the combination of HTO and cartilage treatment produced an additional clinical benefit compared to HTO alone. The secondary aim was to identify if there was any difference among different cartilage procedures in terms of healing potential and clinical outcome. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed on PubMed database by three independent observers according to the following inclusion criteria: clinical reports of any level of evidence, written in the English language, with no time limitation, about HTO associated with cartilage surgical and injective treatment, including surveys reporting clinical, radiological, or second-look outcomes at any follow-up time...
February 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450666/recent-advances-in-hyaluronic-acid-based-therapy-for-osteoarthritis
#3
REVIEW
Steven Bowman, Mohamed E Awad, Mark W Hamrick, Monte Hunter, Sadanand Fulzele
Osteoarthritis is a debilitating disease that has increased in prevalence across the world due to the aging population. Currently, physicians use a plethora of treatment strategies to try and slow down the progression of the disease, but none have been shown to ubiquitously treat and cure the disease. One of the strategies uses the high molecular weight molecule hyaluronic acid as either an injectable or oral supplement for treatment. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a relatively new treatment that has shown varied results through several clinical trials...
February 16, 2018: Clinical and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448817/treating-severe-knee-osteoarthritis-with-combination-of-intra-osseous-and-intra-articular-infiltrations-of-platelet-rich-plasma-an-observational-study
#4
Mikel Sánchez, Diego Delgado, Orlando Pompei, Juan Carlos Pérez, Pello Sánchez, Ane Garate, Ane Miren Bilbao, Nicolás Fiz, Sabino Padilla
Objective Assessing the therapeutic effects of a combination of intra-articular and intra-osseous infiltrations of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to treat severe knee osteoarthritis (KOA) using intra-articular injections of PRP as the control group. Design In this observational study, 60 patients suffering from severe KOA were treated with intra-articular infiltrations of PRP (IA group) or with a combination of intra-osseous and intra-articular infiltrations of PRP (IO group). Both groups were matched for sex, age, body mass index, and radiographic severity (III and IV degree according to Ahlbäck scale)...
February 1, 2018: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433546/a-unique-role-for-galectin-9-in-angiogenesis-and-inflammatory-arthritis
#5
Martin J O'Brien, Qiang Shu, W Alexander Stinson, Pei-Suen Tsou, Jeffrey H Ruth, Takeo Isozaki, Phillip L Campbell, Ray A Ohara, Alisa E Koch, David A Fox, M Asif Amin
BACKGROUND: Galectin-9 (Gal-9) is a mammalian lectin secreted by endothelial cells that is highly expressed in rheumatoid arthritis synovial tissues and synovial fluid. Roles have been proposed for galectins in the regulation of inflammation and angiogenesis. Therefore, we examined the contribution of Gal-9 to angiogenesis and inflammation in arthritis. METHODS: To determine the role of Gal-9 in angiogenesis, we performed human dermal microvascular endothelial cell (HMVEC) chemotaxis, Matrigel tube formation, and mouse Matrigel plug angiogenesis assays...
February 12, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432288/are-corticosteroid-injections-safe-to-inject-into-knees-with-osteoarthritis-what-are-the-long-term-effects
#6
Nimish Mittal, Mohit Bhandari, Dinesh Kumbhare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430715/characterization-and-comparison-of-rat-monosodium-iodoacetate-and-medial-meniscal-tear-models-of-osteoarthritic-pain
#7
Jill-Desiree Brederson, Katharine L Chu, Jun Xu, Arthur L Nikkel, Stella Markosyan, Michael F Jarvis, Rebecca Edelmayer, Robert S Bitner, Steve McGaraughty
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative form of arthritis that can result in loss of joint function and chronic pain. The pathological pain state that develops with OA disease involves plastic changes in the peripheral and central nervous systems, however, the cellular mechanisms underlying OA are not fully understood. We characterized the medial meniscal tear (MMT) surgical model and the intra-articular injection of monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) chemical model of OA in rats. Both models produced histological changes in the knee joint and associated bones consistent with OA pathology...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430055/conservative-management-of-mri-confirmed-knee-osteoarthritis-with-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-joint-manipulation-and-platelet-rich-plasma
#8
Arif Karmali
Objective: To describe the successful conservative management of a patient with chronic degenerative knee pain. Clinical Features: An active 47 year-old female office-worker with intermittent right knee pain inferolateral to the right patella for eight months described difficulty ascending stairs, sitting on a chair for one hour, and squatting. A physical exam led to the diagnosis of a suspected chronic degenerative tear of the posterior horn of the right medial meniscus and chronic right subpatellar chondrosis, in addition to extensive cartilaginous degeneration revealed by an MRI study conducted prior to initial presentation...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429372/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-intra-articular-hyaluronic-acid-a-systematic-review
#9
Roy Altman, Asheesh Bedi, Ajay Manjoo, Faizan Niazi, Peter Shaw, Philip Mease
Objective Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the leading causes of disability in the adult population. Common nonoperative treatment options include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), intra-articular corticosteroids, and intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid (HA). HA is found intrinsically within the knee joint providing viscoelastic properties to the synovial fluid. HA therapy provides anti-inflammatory relief through a number of different pathways, including the suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines...
February 1, 2018: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427723/intra-articular-injection-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-treating-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-of-animal-studies
#10
Dan Xing, Joey Kwong, Ziyi Yang, Yunfei Hou, Wei Zhang, Bin Ma, Jianhao Lin
PURPOSE: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) injection has emerged as a novel treatment for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) but with inconsistent results in the experimental studies. Thus, the purpose of the present study is to evaluate the preclinical animal studies of MSCs injection for KOA and to determine the evidence for a role for MSCs in further clinical trials. METHODS: A systematic search of KOA animal studies published through Aug 2017 was conducted using the PubMed, EMBASE and web of science...
February 7, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424175/-experimental-study-on-staphylococcal-enterotoxin-promoting-tendon-bone-healing-after-reconstruction-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-in-rabbits
#11
Chun-Bao Li, Chao Xue, Wei Qi, Ning Wang, Jing Xue, Xiao-Yong Wu, Juan-Li Zhu, Yang Liu, Yu-Jie Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore highly agglutinative staphylococcin (HAS) pomoting on tendon-bone healing after reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) in rabbits. METHODS: Animal model of ACL reconstruction in 24 mature New Zealand white rabbits(3 months, 2.56 kg on average, either gender) were established using autologous digital long extensor tendon and randomly classified into 2 groups(HAS and control group), 12 rabbits for each group. HAS group was separately injected 0...
June 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423252/extracapsular-local-infiltration-analgesia-in-hip-arthroscopy-a-retrospective-study
#12
Matthew T Philippi, Timothy L Kahn, Temitope F Adeyemi, Travis G Maak, Stephen K Aoki
Many hip arthroscopy patients experience significant pain in the immediate postoperative period. Although peripheral nerve blocks have demonstrated efficacy in alleviating some of this pain, they come with significant costs. Local infiltration analgesia (LIA) may be a significantly cheaper and efficacious treatment modality. Although LIA has been well studied in hip and knee arthroplasty, its efficacy in hip arthroscopy is unclear. The purpose of this retrospective study is to determine the efficacy of a single extracapsular injection of bupivacaine-epinephrine during hip arthroscopy in reducing the rate of elective postoperative femoral nerve blocks...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417902/human-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-osteoarthritis-a-pilot-study-with-long-term-follow-up-and-repeated-injections
#13
Yang Song, Hui Du, Chengxiang Dai, Li Zhang, Suke Li, David J Hunter, Liangjing Lu, Chunde Bao
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and therapeutic potential of autologous human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (haMSCs) in patients with osteoarthritis. MATERIALS & METHODS: Safety and efficacy of haMSCs were preclinically assessed in vitro and in BALB/c-nu nude mice. 18 patients were enrolled and divided into three dose groups: the low-dose, mid-dose and high-dose group (1 × 107, 2 × 107 and 5 × 107 cells, respectively), provided three injections and followed up for 96 weeks...
February 8, 2018: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411295/in-vitro-and-ex-vivo-characterisation-of-an-in-situ-gelling-formulation-for-sustained-lidocaine-release-with-potential-use-following-knee-arthroplasty
#14
Manisha Sharma, Kaushik Chandramouli, Louise Curley, Beau Pontre, Keryn Reilly, Jacob Munro, Andrew Hill, Simon Young, Darren Svirskis
Sustained lidocaine release via a thermoresponsive poloxamer-based in situ gelling system has the potential to alleviate pain following knee arthroplasty. A previously developed formulation showed a promising drug release profile in synthetic phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). To support the translation of this formulation, ex vivo characterisation was warranted. This study therefore aimed (1) to modify the previously developed formulation to reduce the burst release, (2) to compare the release behaviour into ex vivo human intra-articular fluid (IAF) and PBS and (3) to determine the formulation spread in an ex vivo human knee using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
February 6, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403602/comparative-effectiveness-of-intra-articular-prolotherapy-versus-peri-articular-prolotherapy-on-pain-reduction-and-improving-function-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Hamid Reza Farpour, Farzane Fereydooni
Background: Osteoarthritis is a common degenerative disease. Prolotherapy is an alternative therapy used in multiple musculoskeletal disorders. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of intra-articular dextrose injection versus peri-articular prolotherapy in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Methods: Fifty-two adults with painful primary knee osteoarthritis for at least three months were randomized to intra- and peri-articular injection groups...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399349/atypical-spleen-tuberculosis-in-a-melanoma-patient-accidentally-detected-during-a-18f-fdg-pet-ct-study-case-report
#16
Paulina Cegla, Arkadiusz Spychala, Andrzej Marszalek, Ewa Wierzchoslawska, Witold Cholewinski
The present study, discussed a rare case of a 50-year-old woman who was treated for malignant melanoma and underwent 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) examination for evaluation of disease. 18F-FDG-PET/CT examination was performed from the top of the head down to the knee using a Gemini TF PET/CT scanner 60 min following intravenous injection of radiotracer with mean activity of 364±75 MBq. Previous performed laboratory test and clinical examination was irrelevant...
January 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398958/treatment-response-evaluation-using-yttrium-90-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-of-knee-joint
#17
Jong Min Kim, Wi Song Kim, Yong Pak
For radiosynovectomy, we have measured the retention time of yttrium-90 (90Y) hydroxyapatite (particle size 1-10 μm) within the knee joint space and evaluated the treatment responses in knees with rheumatoid arthritis. Radioactive measurements in the region of knee after injection of 90Y hydroxyapatite into the joint space were made with a single prove system designed to monitor radioactivity and showed retention of 90Y in the knee ranged 76.6% ±5.4% after 4 days of injection. The clinical improvements in rheumatoid arthritis of knee joint with steinbroker Stages I and II were increased as time goes by, the improvement ratio is in 72% at 6th months and 76% at 12th months after injection of 90Y 185 MBq (5 mCi) per joint...
January 2018: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398623/platelet-lysate-enhances-synovial-fluid-multipotential-stromal-cells-functions-implications-for-therapeutic-use
#18
Ala Altaie, Thomas G Baboolal, Owen Wall, Elena Jones, Dennis McGonagle
BACKGROUND AIMS: Although intra-articular injection of platelet products is increasingly used for joint regenerative approaches, there are few data on their biological effects on joint-resident multipotential stromal cells (MSCs), which are directly exposed to the effects of these therapeutic strategies. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of platelet lysate (PL) on synovial fluid-derived MSCs (SF-MSCs), which in vivo have direct access to sites of cartilage injury. METHODS: SF-MSCs were obtained during knee arthroscopic procedures (N = 7)...
February 2, 2018: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396701/cartilage-turnover-and-intra-articular-corticosteroid-injections-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#19
Rainer Klocke, Kirsty Levasseur, George D Kitas, Jacqueline P Smith, George Hirsch
Intra-articular corticosteroid injections (IACI) are commonly used interventions for pain relief in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Biomarkers may be helpful in further elucidating how IACI exert their effect. The aim of this study is to look at the response of biomarkers of cartilage and bone metabolism after IACI in knee OA. Eighty subjects with symptomatic knee OA [45% male, mean age (SD) 64 (11) years] underwent routine knee joint injection with 40 mg triamcinolone acetonide and 4 ml 1% lignocaine...
February 2, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395424/rationale-and-design-of-the-clinical-and-histologic-analysis-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-in-amputations-champ-trial-investigating-the-therapeutic-mechanism-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-in-the-treatment-of-critical-limb-ischemia
#20
S Keisin Wang, Linden A Green, Natalie A Drucker, Raghu L Motaganahalli, Andres Fajardo, Michael P Murphy
OBJECTIVE: Currently, there are no accepted nonsurgical therapies that improve the delivery of blood-derived nutrients to patients with critical limb ischemia. Here, we describe the ongoing phase 1/2 Clinical and Histologic Analysis of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in AmPutations (CHAMP) trial, which will provide crucial evidence of the safety profile of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and explore their therapeutic mechanisms in the setting of critical limb ischemia requiring below-knee amputation (BKA)...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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