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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667517/salt-intake-of-lactating-women-as-assessed-by-modified-food-weighted-records
#1
Lijun Duan, Wendi Liu, Peng Zhang, Shiyan Liu, Xiaotong Liu, Maocheng Sang, Lu Liu, Haiyue Lin, Zhongna Sang
OBJECTIVE: High salt intake among lactating women can increase the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in infants/offspring. However, considering the limited salt intake data in lactating women, the aims of this study were to compare the salt intake assessed by modified food weighted records (FWR) with that estimated by 24-h urinary sodium excretion and to investigate the salt intake of lactating women. METHODS: In total, 30 lactating women aged 20-39 years who were 2 to 4 months postpartum were recruited from the cities of Tianjin and Luoyang in China...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667448/influencing-health-decision-making-a-study-of-colour-and-message-framing
#2
Raymond P Voss, Ryan Corser, Michael McCormick, John D Jasper
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has provided evidence that colour associations and frame can influence behavioural intentions to engage in vaccination behaviours. In this study, the extension of these effects to sunscreen application behaviours was investigated. Additional colours and the manner in which colour primes were employed were also explored. DESIGN: Two hundred and eighty-six college students were primed with either short wavelength colours (blue/purple) or long wavelength colours (red/orange) as part of goal framed sunscreen information pamphlets...
April 18, 2018: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666461/the-neural-encoding-of-information-prediction-errors-during-non-instrumental-information-seeking
#3
Maja Brydevall, Daniel Bennett, Carsten Murawski, Stefan Bode
In a dynamic world, accurate beliefs about the environment are vital for survival, and individuals should therefore regularly seek out new information with which to update their beliefs. This aspect of behaviour is not well captured by standard theories of decision making, and the neural mechanisms of information seeking remain unclear. One recent theory posits that valuation of information results from representation of informative stimuli within canonical neural reward-processing circuits, even if that information lacks instrumental use...
April 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666330/whitefly-and-aphid-inducible-promoters-of-arabidopsis-thaliana-l
#4
Neeraj Kumar Dubey, Devesh Kumar Mishra, Asif Idris, Deepti Nigam, Pradhyumna Kumar Singh, Samir V Sawant
Lack of regulated expression and tissue specificity are the major drawbacks of plant and virus-derived constitutive promoters. A precise tissue or site-specific expression, facilitate regulated expression of proteins at the targeted time and site. Publically available microarray data on whitefly and aphid infested Arabidopsis thaliana L. was used to identify whitefly and aphid-inducible genes. The qRT-PCR further validated the inducible behaviour of these genes under artificial infestation. Promoter sequences of genes were retrieved from the Arabidopsis Information Resources database with their corresponding 5'UTR and cloned from the A...
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666310/role-of-patient-and-public-involvement-in-implementation-research-a-consensus-study
#5
Kara Gray-Burrows, Thomas Willis, Robbie Foy, Martin Rathfelder, Pauline Bland, Allison Chin, Susan Hodgson, Gus Ibegbuna, Graham Prestwich, Kirsty Samuel, Laurence Wood, Farhat Yaqoob, Rosemary R C McEachan
BACKGROUND: Patient and public involvement (PPI) is often an essential requirement for research funding. Distinctions can be drawn between clinical research, which generally focuses on patients, and implementation research, which generally focuses on health professional behaviour. There is uncertainty about the role of PPI in this latter field. We explored and defined the roles of PPI in implementation research to inform relevant good practice guidance. METHODS: We used a structured consensus process using a convenience sample panel of nine experienced PPI and two researcher members...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666137/the-french-prospective-multisite-registry-on-sudden-unexpected-infant-death-omin-rationale-and-study-protocol
#6
Karine Levieux, Hugues Patural, Inge Harrewijn, Elisabeth Briand Huchet, Sophie de Visme, Géraldine Gallot, Martin Chalumeau, Christèle Gras Le Guen, Matthieu Hanf
INTRODUCTION: Even after 'back-to-sleep' campaigns, sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) continues to be the leading cause of death for infants 1 month to 1 year old in developed countries, with devastating social, psychological and legal implications for families. To sustainably tackle this problem and decrease the number of SUIDs, a French SUID registry was initiated in 2015 to (1) inform prevention with standardised data, (2) understand the mechanisms leading to SUID and the contribution of the already known or newly suggested risk factors and (3) gather a multidisciplinary group of experts to coordinate and develop innovative and urgent research in the SUID area...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666022/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-uk-public-to-understand-use-of-online-ratings-and-reviews-of-health-services
#7
Michelle H van Velthoven, Helen Atherton, John Powell
OBJECTIVES: To identify the self-reported behaviour of the public in reading and writing online feedback in relation to health services. METHODS: A face-to-face cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of the UK population. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were undertaken to describe and explore the use of online feedback. RESULTS: 2036 participants were surveyed, and of 1824 Internet users, 42% (n = 760) had read online health care feedback and 8% (n = 147) had provided this feedback in the last year...
April 9, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664791/embryo-morphokinetic-characteristics-and-euploidy
#8
Francesca Pennetta, Cristina Lagalla, Andrea Borini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the current review is to provide an update on time-lapse morphokinetic assessment related to embryo ploidy status. RECENT FINDINGS: The main limitation of the available studies regarding correlation between morphokinetic variables and ploidy is that each embryo is considered as an independent unit whereas recent findings show that embryo kinetics may be affected by patient and ovarian stimulation-related factors, so that clustered data analysis is more appropriate...
April 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664187/exercise-interventions-and-patient-beliefs-for-people-with-hip-knee-or-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-mixed-methods-review
#9
REVIEW
Michael Hurley, Kelly Dickson, Rachel Hallett, Robert Grant, Hanan Hauari, Nicola Walsh, Claire Stansfield, Sandy Oliver
BACKGROUND: Chronic peripheral joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely prevalent and a major cause of physical dysfunction and psychosocial distress. Exercise is recommended to reduce joint pain and improve physical function, but the effect of exercise on psychosocial function (health beliefs, depression, anxiety and quality of life) in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To improve our understanding of the complex inter-relationship between pain, psychosocial effects, physical function and exercise...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663410/the-negotiated-equilibrium-model-of-spinal-cord-function
#10
Jonathan R Wolpaw
The belief that the spinal cord is hardwired is no longer tenable. Like the rest of the CNS, the spinal cord changes during growth and aging, when new motor behaviours are acquired, and in response to trauma and disease. This paper describes a new model of spinal cord function that reconciles its recently appreciated plasticity with its long recognized reliability as the final common pathway for behaviour. According to this model, the substrate of each motor behaviour comprises brain and spinal plasticity: the plasticity in the brain induces and maintains the plasticity in the spinal cord...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662692/strengthening-health-district-management-competencies-in-ghana-tanzania-and-uganda-lessons-from-using-action-research-to-improve-health-workforce-performance
#11
Tim Martineau, Joanna Raven, Moses Aikins, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo, Sebastian Baine, Reinhard Huss, Stephen Maluka, Kaspar Wyss
Background: To achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC), more health workers are needed; also critical is supporting optimal performance of existing staff. Integrated human resource management (HRM) strategies, complemented by other health systems strategies, are needed to improve health workforce performance, which is possible at district level in decentralised contexts. To strengthen the capacity of district management teams to develop and implement workplans containing integrated strategies for workforce performance improvement, we introduced an action-research-based management strengthening intervention (MSI)...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662523/sexual-health-of-adolescent-patients-admitted-to-a-psychiatric-unit
#12
Megan E Harrison, Stephanie Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Ariana Noel, Louise Gresham, Mark L Norris, Amy Robinson, Jason Chan, Addo Boafo
Objective: To review sexual health screening practices during admission to an adolescent psychiatry unit. Method: Retrospective chart review of randomly selected youth admitted over a one-year period (2013). Data extracted included demographics, reasons for admission, sexual health history, as well as any comorbid behaviours noted. The main outcome measure was whether sexual health details were documented at any time during admission; if so, this information was extracted for analysis...
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661671/-behaviour-and-attitudes-towards-the-sexuality-of-the-pregnant-woman-during-the-last-trimester-phenomenological-study
#13
Isabel Panea Pizarro, Ana Teresa Domínguez Martin, Vanessa Barragán Prieto, Almudena Martos Sánchez, Fidel López Espuela
OBJECTIVE: To explore the life experiences on sexual relationships in the third trimester of pregnancy in primiparous women. DESIGN: Phenomenological qualitative study, SITE: Cáceres (Extremadura). PARTICIPANTS: Primiparous women in the third trimester of their pregnancy. METHODS: We use theoretical sampling, was conducted on pregnant primiparous. The study included 15 participants. The data was collected using in-depth interviews, that were voiced recorded and later transcribed...
April 13, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661249/using-qualitative-and-community-based-engagement-approaches-to-gain-access-and-to-develop-a-culturally-appropriate-sti-prevention-intervention-for-foreign-female-entertainment-workers-in-singapore
#14
Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Olive N Y Cheung, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Hanh Hao La, Thein Than Win, Roy Chan, Mee Lian Wong
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing global movement of foreign female entertainment workers (FEWs), a hard-to-reach population vulnerable to HIV/STIs. This paper described the needs assessment phase before intervention implementation where the socio-organisation, sexual risk behaviours and access to health services of foreign FEWs in Singapore were explored. We also highlighted how qualitative inquiry, census enumeration technique and community-based engagement approaches were used to gain access and to develop a culturally appropriate STI prevention intervention...
April 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661239/neonatal-care-practices-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-data
#15
REVIEW
Margaret Bee, Anushree Shiroor, Zelee Hill
BACKGROUND: Recommended immediate newborn care practices include thermal care (immediate drying and wrapping, skin-to-skin contact after delivery, delayed bathing), hygienic cord care and early initiation of breastfeeding. This paper systematically reviews quantitative and qualitative data from sub-Saharan Africa on the prevalence of key immediate newborn care practices and the factors that influence them. METHODS: Studies were identified by searching relevant databases and websites, contacting national and international academics and implementers and hand-searching reference lists of included articles...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661180/trends-and-correlates-of-unhealthy-dieting-behaviours-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-1999-2013
#16
Sarah N M Chin, Anthony A Laverty, Filippos T Filippidis
BACKGROUND: The increase in adiposity problems among United States adolescents has been accompanied by persistently high prevalence of unhealthy dieting behaviours (UDBs) such as fasting, taking diet pills/powders/liquids, and vomiting/taking laxatives. This study aimed to examine the associations of self-perceptions of weight status, weight change intentions (WCIs) and UDBs with sex, age and race, as well as trends of UDBs in American adolescents across the weight spectrum. METHODS: Data come from the biennial cross-sectional, school-based surveys, the Youth Risk Behaviour Surveillance System (1999-2013, n = 113,542)...
April 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660129/midwives-and-women-s-views-on-accessing-dental-care-during-pregnancy-an-australian-qualitative-study
#17
Shao Yin Madeleine Lim, Elisha Riggs, Ramini Shankumar, Parul Marwaha, Nicky Kilpatrick
BACKGROUND: Maternal behaviours during pregnancy are likely to play a significant role in the development of dental caries in children. Although midwives are well placed to discuss oral health and provide information to women, dental attendance by women during pregnancy is minimal. This study aimed to explore midwives' experience of facilitating pregnant women's access to dental care and to document women's experience of receiving dental information and care during pregnancy. METHODS: Focus groups with midwives and telephone interviews with women, who were referred to Monash Health Dental Services, were conducted to explore their perspectives and experiences...
April 16, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659667/exploration-of-older-people-s-perceptions-of-behavioural-factors-associated-with-falls
#18
Kristy Robson, Julia Coyle, Rodney Pope
Background: falls rates in older people continue to rise despite concerted efforts to manage falls risks. As more effective strategies to reduce falls in older people may arise from better understanding their perspectives on falls risk, this study aimed to explore perceptions and behavioural decisions that may affect risk of falling among older people living in regional Australia. Method: this qualitative research, informed by hermeneutics, explored older people's perspectives on decisions they made that could affect their falls risk...
April 12, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659064/beliefs-and-advice-seeking-behaviours-for-fertility-and-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-global-sample
#19
R Walker, M Blumfield, H Truby
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy can motivate individuals to adopt lifestyle behaviours that protect the health of their offspring. The aims of the present study were to explore men's and women's beliefs about lifestyle, fertility and pregnancy, as well as where they seek advice. METHODS: Participants (2185 women and 221 men, six unspecified) from 104 countries completed a questionnaire that explored their beliefs about what was important for a healthy pregnancy and their advice-seeking behaviours...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659063/parents-acceptance-and-their-children-s-choice-of-pet-for-animal-assisted-therapy-a-a-t-in-3-to-12-year-old-children-in-the-dental-operatory-a-questionnaire-based-pilot-study
#20
Nidhi Gupta, Tushar Yadav
AIM: To evaluate the parents' acceptance to therapy pets, child's most favoured pet, child's choice of soft toy as compared to live pet, and child's preference of his own pet versus therapy pet. METHODS: Sixty-two children of age groups 3-6 year, 6-9 year, and 9-12 year were selected. The data from completed questionnaires were statistically analysed and subjected to z test, Chi-squared test with P value<0.05 considered as significant. RESULTS: The consent to the presence of pet was given by 41...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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