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Cows milk allergy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906528/cd300c-co-stimulates-ige-mediated-basophils-activation-and-its-expression-is-increased-in-cow%C3%A2-s-milk-allergy
#1
Olatz Zenarruzabeitia, Joana Vitallé, Iñigo Terrén, Ane Orrantia, Itziar Astigarraga, Leire Dopazo, Carlos Gonzalez, Laura Santos-Díez, Carlos Tutau, Pedro M Gamboa, Agurtzane Bilbao, Francisco Borrego
BACKGROUND: Basophils express high-affinity IgE receptors (FcεRI), which play an essential role in allergic diseases. To design promising immunomodulatory therapies, it is important to characterize new cell surface receptors that modulate immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated basophil activation threshold. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the expression of CD300 receptors on human basophils and their implication in IgE-mediated basophil activation processes. METHODS: Blood samples from healthy and cow´s milk allergic patients were collected through the Basque Biobank under an institutional review board-approved protocol...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892152/neonatal-presentation-of-unremitting-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#2
Sara Ebrahimi, Gholamreza Khademi, Seyed Ali Jafari, Nona Zaboli Nejad, Abdolreza Norouzy, Bahareh Imani
Very-early-onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD) has a distinct phenotype and should be considered a specific entity. VEO-IBD presents with very severe clinical pictures and is frequently known by an indeterminate colitis whose clinical remission is unmanageable. This study examines the case of a neonate with VEO-IBD, not responding to medical and surgical treatment. A 7-day-old Iranian female neonate presented with severe bloody diarrhea, poor feeding, abdominal distention, and dehydration suggesting severe proctocolitis due to an allergy to the protein in cow's milk...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860051/food-induced-anaphylaxis-in-infants-and-children
#3
Waheeda Samady, Jennifer Trainor, Bridget Smith, Ruchi Gupta
BACKGROUND: Recent recommendations to introduce peanut products to infants for peanut allergy prevention requires a focused assessment of infant anaphylaxis. OBJECTIVE: This study describes the symptomatology of food-induced anaphylaxis (FIA) in infants (<12 months) compared to older pediatric cohorts. METHODS: Retrospective review between June 2015 and June 2017 of children presenting with FIA at a large urban children's hospital emergency department (ED)...
May 31, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859469/component-resolved-diagnostic-study-of-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-infants-and-young-children-in-northern-china
#4
Junpu Li, Jiayi Zhang, Cuiya Qiong, Tiantian She, Ying Bian, Shuxiang Lin, Huiqiang Li
BACKGROUND: Increasing dairy consumption in China has been accompanied by rising incidence of milk allergy. Here we analyzed profiles of specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) against cow's milk proteins, and assessed their value for milk allergy diagnosis among infants and young children from northern China. METHODS: Sera collected from 48 patients with milk allergy and 27 negative control subjects was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to measure sIgE to α-lactalbumin (Bos d 4), β-lactoglobulin (Bos d 5), α-casein (Bos d 9), β-casein (Bos d 11), and κ-casein (Bos d 12)...
May 30, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851812/diagnostic-challenges-of-celiac-disease-in-a-young-child-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Vlăduţ Stefănuţ Săsăran, Cristian Dan Mărginean, Maria Oana Mărginean
RATIONALE: Celiac disease is a chronic, immune-mediated, multiorgan disorder that affects susceptible individuals, and it is triggered by gluten and other prolamins. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present the case of a 1-year-old male child, with a history of idiopathic pericardial effusion, admitted in our clinic for severe abdominal bloating, irritability, loss of appetite and intermittent diarrheic stools. The clinical findings were: influenced general status, irritability, distended abdomen, and diffuse abdominal tenderness...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803466/donkey-milk-as-a-supplement-in-infant-formula-benefits-and-technological-challenges
#6
REVIEW
Kallis Souroullas, Maria Aspri, Photis Papademas
The aim of this review paper is to assess the applicability of donkey's milk to infants suffering from Cow Milk Protein Allergy (CMPA) compared to human and other available milk types. The bioactive and immune-supportive character which could be beneficial as a fortifier to the formula-fed infants is described while limitations of this type of milk are also discussed. Studies showed that human and donkey's milk have similar, overall, chemical composition as well as protein homogeneity and antigenic similarities...
July 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783251/prevalence-of-risk-factors-of-allergic-diseases-among-children-aged-8-9-years-in-poltava-region-the-results-of-the-first-stage-of-the-research
#7
Tetyana O Kryuchko, Iryna A Holovanova, Olha Y Tkachenko, Mariya O Melnyk, Kateryna V Pocheniuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: According to the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (EAACI, 2016), allergy is the most common chronic disease in Europe. The aim: The aim of the investigation is to study the spread of risk factors of allergic reactions in children who are 8-9 years old of Poltava region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The investigation included two stages: the 1st contained interviewing; the 2nd one - additional clinical and lab investigation of children, who require the further diagnosis specification...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778476/glycation-of-whey-protein-with-dextrans-of-different-molar-mass-effect-on-immunoglobulin-e-binding-capacity-with-blood-sera-obtained-from-patients-with-cow-milk-protein-allergy
#8
Lei Xu, Yuansheng Gong, James E Gern, Shinya Ikeda, John A Lucey
A growing concern around the world is the number of people who are suffering from food protein allergies. One potential approach to decrease protein allergenicity is to block IgE-binding epitopes of the protein allergen by attachment of polysaccharides via the Maillard reaction (i.e., glycation). Protein glycation has been extensively studied to modify various functional properties. We wanted to examine whether glycates could reduce IgE binding in patients with cow milk protein allergy and to explore how the size (molar mass; MW ) of the polysaccharide affects this IgE-binding capacity...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773698/protocol-for-the-validation-of-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-cow-s-milk-related-symptom-score-comiss-against-open-food-challenge-in-a-single-blinded-prospective-multicentre-trial-in-infants
#9
Yvan Vandenplas, Rajat Mukherjee, Christophe Dupont, Philippe Eigenmann, Arne Høst, Mikael Kuitunen, Carmen Ribes-Koninkx, Neil Shah, Hania Szajewska, Andrea von Berg, Ralf G Heine, Zheng-Yan Zhao
INTRODUCTION: The symptoms of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) in infancy can be non-specific which may delay a correct diagnosis and cause adverse clinical outcomes. The diagnosis of non-IgE-mediated CMPA is particularly complex as it involves a 2 to 4 week elimination diet followed by oral food challenge (OFC). The Cow's Milk-related Symptom Score (CoMiSS) is a clinical resource for primary healthcare providers which aims to increase awareness of CMPA symptoms to facilitate an earlier diagnosis...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756713/prevalence-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-among-children-in-a-university-community-hospital
#10
Romina Mehaudy, Claudio A S Parisi, Natalia Petriz, Alfredo Eymann, María B Jauregui, Marina Orsi
INTRODUCTION: Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is the most common food allergy in pediatrics. In Argentina, the prevalence of this disease has been evaluated in a few trials. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of CMPA and describe its variation throughout a period of 11 years. POPULATION AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was carried out in live newborn infants enrolled in a health care program of a university community hospital...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739686/prolonged-breastfeeding-and-delayed-introduction-of-whole-cow-s-milk-into-the-diet-are-factors-associated-with-egg-sensitization-a-matched-case-control-study
#11
M Bedolla-Barajas, J Morales-Romero, B Y Gaxiola-Arredondo, G Alcalá-Padilla, E Romero-Velarde
BACKGROUND: Both breastfeeding and the moment at which introduction to solid food occurs have been associated with food allergy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether prolonged breastfeeding and the delayed introduction of whole cow's milk into an infant's diet are factors that can be associated with egg sensitization. METHODS: This was a hospital-based case-control study, matched by age and sex: each study group comprised 97 atopic children. Additionally, logistic regression was used to identify the factors associated with egg protein sensitization...
May 5, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732363/human-milk-oligosaccharides-and-associations-with-immune-mediated-disease-and-infection-in-childhood-a-systematic-review
#12
Alice M Doherty, Caroline J Lodge, Shyamali C Dharmage, Xin Dai, Lars Bode, Adrian J Lowe
Complex sugars found in breastmilk, human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs), may assist in early-life immune programming and prevention against infectious diseases. This study aimed to systematically review the associations between maternal levels of HMOs and development of immune-mediated or infectious diseases in the offspring. PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched (last search on 22 February 2018) according to a predetermined search strategy. Original studies published in English examining the effect of HMOs on immune-mediated and infectious disease were eligible for inclusion...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732297/oral-food-challenges-result-of-a-16-year-experience-at-a-major-teaching-hospital-in-thailand
#13
Witchaya Srisuwatchari, Pakit Vichyanond
Background: Prevalence of food allergy is increasing all over the world including in Asia. Diagnosis of food allergy in Asia is usually made after family complaints or by elimination and/or reintroduction foods. This could lead to an inaccurate diagnosis and to incorrect information on epidemiology of food allergy. We, herein, reported results of a 16-year experience (1996-2012) of oral food challenge (OFC) performed in pediatric patients at a major teaching hospital in Thailand. Objective: The major objectives of this report are to review types of foods selected for oral challenges, frequency of positive/negative challenges to these foods and the clinical reactions during challenges among these children...
April 2018: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713607/laxative-choice-and-treatment-outcomes-in-childhood-constipation-clinical-data-in-a-longitudinal-retrospective-study
#14
Atchariya Chanpong, Seksit Osatakul
Purpose: Functional constipation (FC) is a common gastrointestinal (GI) problem affecting children's well-being and quality of life. Although polyethylene glycol (PEG) is recommended as the first line therapy, it is not always applicable in lower socioeconomic populations. Hence, this study aimed to compare clinical courses of FC in children treated with different medications in order to identify prognostic factors related to treatment outcomes. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of patients aged ≤15 years diagnosed with FC according to the Rome IV criteria from 2007 to 2015 at the GI clinic, Songklanagarind Hospital...
April 2018: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704594/hypoallergenic-casein-hydrolysate-for-peptide-based-oral-immunotherapy-in-cow-s-milk-allergy
#15
Hiroshi M Ueno, Teruhiko Kato, Hidenori Ohnishi, Norio Kawamoto, Zenichiro Kato, Hideo Kaneko, Naomi Kondo, Taku Nakano
Casein showed reduced antigenicity, but retained immunogenicity when hydrolyzed by Alcalase at alkaline pH because of efficient IgE epitope cleavage and T-cell epitope retention, indicating promise for peptide-based oral immunotherapy for cow's milk allergy.
April 25, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601353/how-to-diagnose-food-allergy
#16
Sakura Sato, Noriyuki Yanagida, Motohiro Ebisawa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the recent studies that focus on specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) testing and basophil activation test (BAT) for diagnosing IgE-mediated food allergies. RECENT FINDINGS: The sIgE to allergen extract or component can predict reactivity to food. The cutoff value based on the positive predictive value (PPV) of sIgE can be considered whenever deciding whether oral food challenge (OFC) is required to diagnose hen's egg, cow's milk, wheat, peanut, and cashew nut allergy...
June 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576253/nutritional-management-of-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-children-an-update
#17
C Dupont, J-P Chouraqui, A Linglart, A Bocquet, D Darmaun, F Feillet, M-L Frelut, J-P Girardet, R Hankard, J-C Rozé, U Simeoni, A Briend
Cow's milk is one of the most common foods responsible for allergic reactions in children. Cow's milk allergy (CMA) involves immunoglobulin E (IgE)- and non-IgE-mediated reactions, the latter being both variable and nonspecific. Guidelines thus emphasize the need for physicians to recognize the specific syndromes of CMA and to respect strict diagnostic modalities. Whatever the clinical pattern of CMA, the mainstay of treatment is the elimination from the diet of cow's milk proteins. The challenge is that both the disease and the elimination diet may result in insufficient height and weight gain and bone mineralization...
April 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571475/gut-peptidases-from-a-specialist-herbivore-of-latex-plants-are-capable-of-milk-protein-hydrolysis-inputs-for-hypoallergenic-milk-formulas
#18
João P B Oliveira, Márcio V Ramos, Francisco E S Lopes, Igor C Studart, Jefferson S Oliveira, Marina D P Lobo, Ana C O Monteiro-Moreira, Cleverson D T Freitas
Transitory allergies to cow milk proteins in infants or adults have become a public health problem. Although extensively or partially hydrolyzed cow milk protein formulas are available, these products are costly. Therefore, studies into innovative enzymes to digest cow milk proteins are needed. Danaus plexippus gut peptidases were purified and examined with regard to cow milk protein hydrolysis. The peptidases hydrolyzed caseins and whey proteins. However, after heat treatment, there was a significant improvement in β-lactoglobulin hydrolysis...
July 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556760/consumption-of-soy-based-infant-formula-is-not-associated-with-early-onset-of-puberty
#19
Tali Sinai, Shely Ben-Avraham, Inbal Guelmann-Mizrahi, Michael R Goldberg, Larisa Naugolni, Galia Askapa, Yitzhak Katz, Marianna Rachmiel
PURPOSE: The use of soy products is common in young children with cow milk allergy (CMA). The aim was to examine prospectively the association between infantile consumption of soy-based formula, growth parameters and early pubertal signs, in comparison to cow milk-based formula. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted, selected from a cohort of infants prospectively followed from birth until the age of 3 years for eating habits and the development of IgE-mediated CMA...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555204/-anti-tissue-transglutaminase-antibodies-not-related-to-gluten-intake
#20
Mónica Garcia-Peris, Ester Donat Aliaga, María Roca Llorens, Etna Masip Simó, Begoña Polo Miquel, Carmen Ribes Koninckx
INTRODUCTION: Anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (tTG) have high specificity for coeliac disease (CD). However, positive anti-tTG antibodies have been described in non-coeliac patients. Aim To assess positive anti-tTG antibodies not related to gluten intake. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review and follow up conducted on patients with suspected CD (increase anti-tTG levels and gastrointestinal symptoms) but with atypical serology results, positive anti-tTG with gluten free diet and a decrease in anti-tTG levels despite gluten intake...
March 16, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
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