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Adductor nerve block

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753264/perineural-dexamethasone-successfully-prolongs-adductor-canal-block-when-assessed-by-objective-pinprick-sensory-testing-a-prospective-randomized-dose-dependent-placebo-controlled-equivalency-trial
#1
James D Turner, Daryl S Henshaw, Robert S Weller, J Douglas Jaffe, Christopher J Edwards, J Wells Reynolds, Gregory B Russell, Sean W Dobson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether perineural dexamethasone prolongs peripheral nerve blockade (PNB) when measured objectively; and to determine if a 1 mg and 4 mg dose provide equivalent PNB prolongation compared to PNB without dexamethasone. SETTING: Multiple studies have reported that perineural dexamethasone added to local anesthetics (LA) can prolong PNB. However, these studies have relied on subjective end-points to quantify PNB duration. The optimal dose remains unknown...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750695/proximal-versus-distal-continuous-adductor-canal-blocks-does-varying-perineural-catheter-location-influence-analgesia-a-randomized-subject-masked-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Jacklynn F Sztain, Bahareh Khatibi, Amanda M Monahan, Engy T Said, Wendy B Abramson, Rodney A Gabriel, John J Finneran, Richard H Bellars, Patrick L Nguyen, Scott T Ball, Francis B Gonzales, Sonya S Ahmed, Michael C Donohue, Jennifer A Padwal, Brian M Ilfeld
BACKGROUND: A continuous adductor canal block provides analgesia after surgical procedures of the knee. Recent neuroanatomic descriptions of the thigh and knee led us to speculate that local anesthetic deposited in the distal thigh close to the adductor hiatus would provide superior analgesia compared to a more proximal catheter location. We therefore tested the hypothesis that during a continuous adductor canal nerve block, postoperative analgesia would be improved by placing the perineural catheter tip 2-3 cm cephalad to where the femoral artery descends posteriorly to the adductor hiatus (distal location) compared to a more proximal location at the midpoint between the anterior superior iliac spine and the superior border of the patella (proximal location)...
May 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721648/comparison-of-adductor-canal-block-and-ipack-block-interspace-between-the-popliteal-artery-and-the-capsule-of-the-posterior-knee-with-adductor-canal-block-alone-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-control-trial-on-pain-and-knee-function-in-immediate
#3
S R Sankineani, A R C Reddy, Krishna Kiran Eachempati, Ajit Jangale, A V Gurava Reddy
BACKGROUND: Adductor canal block (ACB) is a peripheral nerve blockade technique that provides good pain control in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty which however does not relieve posterior knee pain. The recent technique of an ultrasound-guided local anesthetic infiltration of the interspace between popliteal artery and the capsule of posterior knee (IPACK) has shown promising results in providing significant posterior knee analgesia without affecting the motor nerves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted from September 2016 to March 2017 in a total of 120 patients undergoing unilateral total knee arthroplasty...
May 2, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691180/multimodal-clinical-pathway-with-adductor-canal-block-decreases-hospital-length-of-stay-improves-pain-control-and-reduces-opioid-consumption-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-patients-a-retrospective-review
#4
Terry A Ellis, Hassan Hammoud, Philip Dela Merced, Nishankkumar P Nooli, Farhad Ghoddoussi, Joshua Kong, Sandeep H Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty volume is increasing significantly in the United States. Reducing hospital length of stay may represent the best method for accommodating expanding volume and reducing costs. We hypothesized that tailoring a clinical pathway to facilitate early ambulation would decrease costs and resource utilization. METHODS: We conducted a sequential before-and-after study of total knee arthroplasty patients after a phased implementation of a clinical pathway that includes multimodal oral analgesic protocols, adductor canal nerve block, and standardized day of surgery ambulation protocols...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672324/lidocaine-patch-to-treat-postoperative-tourniquet-pain-after-total-knee-replacement-a-case-report
#5
Brittney M Clark, Gabriel L Pagani-Estevez, Rebecca L Johnson
Intraoperative tourniquet-related pain is well recognized by anesthesiologists, but postoperative tourniquet-related pain has received little attention. We present a patient who underwent a total knee arthroplasty under general anesthesia and an adductor canal nerve block. She complained of intractable thigh pain postoperatively. Lidocaine 5% patches completely resolved her postoperative tourniquet-related pain.
April 17, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600482/pectoral-nerves-i-block-is-associated-with-a-significant-motor-blockade-with-no-dermatomal-sensory-changes-a-prospective-volunteer-randomized-controlled-double-blind-study
#6
Jean Desroches, Marc Belliveau, Carole Bilodeau, Michel Landry, Maxim Roy, Pierre Beaulieu
PURPOSE: The pectoral nerves (PECS) I block, first described in 2011 for surgery involving the pectoralis muscle, has principally been used for breast cancer surgery. No formal evaluation of its differential motor- and sensory-blocking abilities has been reported. We hypothesize that the PECS I block will produce a motor block of the pectoralis muscles with diminished upper limb adduction strength as measured with a handheld dynamometer. METHODS: We conducted a PECS I block in a randomized placebo-controlled trial in six healthy subjects who received 0...
March 29, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581910/rehabilitation-outcomes-for-total-knee-arthroplasties-continuous-adductor-canal-block-versus-continuous-femoral-nerve-block
#7
Patrick T Brennan, Jesus M Villa, Mark D Rossi, Marcos A Sanchez-Gonzalez, Carlos J Lavernia
Objective: To determine whether any strength, range of motion (ROM), or functional improvement exists in the adductor canal block (ACB) group after completion of inpatient rehabilitation and following the removal of the continuous block. Design: Retrospective cohort. Setting: Inpatient rehabilitation at discharge and outpatient orthopedic clinic for follow-up. Participants: Two hundred forty-six consecutive primary total knee arthroplasties (TKAs; N = 221 patients) performed by a single surgeon in a single institution between July 2013 and August 2015 for a diagnosis of osteoarthritis...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529612/saphenous-nerve-block-from-within-the-knee-is-feasible-for-tka-mri-and-cadaveric-study
#8
Joseph J Kavolus, David Sia, Hollis G Potter, David E Attarian, Paul F Lachiewicz
BACKGROUND: Surgeon-performed periarticular injections and anesthesiologist-performed femoral nerve or adductor canal blocks with local anesthetic are in common use as part of multimodal pain management regimens for patients undergoing TKA. However, femoral nerve blocks risk causing quadriceps weakness and falls, and anesthesiologist-performed adductor canal blocks are costly in time and resources and may be unreliable. We investigated the feasibility of a surgeon-performed saphenous nerve ("adductor canal") block from within the knee at the time of TKA...
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528736/femoral-nerve-block-vs-adductor-canal-block-for-total-knee-arthroplasty
#9
Rebecca-Lea Smith, Richard Doyle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526514/facilitation-of-antagonist-motor-output-through-short-latency-sensory-pathways-during-postnatal-development-in-the-mouse
#10
Patrick M Sonner, David R Ladle
Reciprocal inhibition of motor neurons via Ia inhibitory interneurons recruited by stimulation of proprioceptive afferents supplying antagonist muscles has been well described. Changes in the efficacy of inhibition, and sometimes even a switch from inhibition to facilitation, have been reported in the literature after disruption of descending pathways. We sought to test whether such facilitation could be expressed in normal animals by evaluating the presence of facilitation in acute preparations from uninjured animals...
March 8, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497859/transurethral-resection-of-bladder-cancer-on-the-lateral-bladder-wall-without-obturator-nerve-block-extent-of-adductor-spasms-using-the-monopolar-versus-bipolar-technique-a-prospective-randomised-study
#11
T Gramann, C Schwab, V Zumstein, P Betschart, M Meier, H-P Schmid, D S Engeler
PURPOSE: To establish whether bipolar transurethral resection of tumours (bTURB) on the lateral bladder wall is superior to monopolar transurethral resection (mTURB) of such tumours. To our knowledge, this is the first prospective randomised study, which defines complete resection depending on obturator jerk as primary endpoint. METHODS: In a prospective, randomised, single centre study, 52 patients with newly diagnosed or recurrent bladder tumour on the lateral bladder wall were enrolled and randomised to undergo mTURB or bTURB; 44 patients were eligible for analysis, of whom 21 underwent mTURB and 23 bTURB...
March 1, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398755/classic-versus-inguinal-approach-for-obturator-nerve-block-in-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-cancer-under-spinal-anesthesia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Dawood Aghamohammadi, Reza Movassaghi Gargari, Solmaz Fakhari, Eissa Bilehjani, Sepideh Poorsadegh
Single spinal anesthesia in transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) has been reported to be unable to prevent obturator nerve stimulation and adductor muscle contraction, which can cause complications like bladder perforation. The present study aimed to compare the effectiveness of the classic and inguinal approaches for obturator nerve block (ONB ). Seventy patients with cancers of the lateral wall of the bladder, scheduled to undergo TURBT at Imam Reza Hospital (Tabriz, Iran) during a 6-month period as of June 2016, were randomly allocated to groups of inguinal and classic methods (n=35)...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366344/complications-after-multiple-site-peripheral-nerve-blocks-for-foot-and-ankle-surgery-compared-with-popliteal-sciatic-nerve-block-alone
#13
Young Uk Park, Jae Ho Cho, Doo Hyung Lee, Wan Sun Choi, Han Dong Lee, Keun Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Single or combined multiple-site peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) are becoming popular for patients undergoing surgery on their feet or ankles. These procedures are known to be generally safe in surgical settings compared with other forms of anesthesia, such as spinal block. The purposes of this study were to assess the incidence of complications after the administration of multiple PNBs for foot and ankle surgery and to compare the rates of complications between patients who received a single PNB and those who received multiple blocks...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233569/continuous-adductor-canal-blocks-provide-superior-ambulation-and-pain-control-compared-to-epidural-analgesia-for-primary-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Erdan Kayupov, Kamil Okroj, Adam C Young, Mario Moric, Timothy J Luchetti, Gilat Zisman, Asokumar Buvanendran, Tad L Gerlinger, Craig J Della Valle
BACKGROUND: Adductor canal blocks (ACBs) are an alternative to femoral nerve blocks that minimize lower extremity weakness. However, it is unclear whether this block will provide analgesia that is equivalent to techniques, such as epidural analgesia. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to compare continuous ACBs with epidural analgesia for primary total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, 145 patients were randomized to 1 of 3 groups: combined spinal-epidural (CSE), spinal + continuous ACB (CACB), or general + CACB...
April 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219188/toxicity-trial-of-canine-posterior-cricoarytenoid-intramuscular-vincristine-injections
#15
Randal C Paniello, Neel K Bhatt, Rebecca Chernock
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In animal studies, intramuscular vincristine injections have been shown to block reinnervation of the denervated target muscle. This application could be used selectively to influence recovery patterns following injury of recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLNs). However, vincristine is currently Food and Drug Administration approved only for intravenous use. A formal toxicity trial of intramuscular injections was performed. STUDY DESIGN: Animal study...
December 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204497/decreased-risk-of-knee-buckling-with-adductor-canal-block-versus-femoral-nerve-block-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Ryan R Thacher, Thomas R Hickernell, Matthew J Grosso, Roshan Shah, Herbert J Cooper, Robert Maniker, Anthony Robin Brown, Jeffrey Geller
Background: Femoral nerve (FNB) and adductor canal blocks (ACB) are used in the setting of total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but neither has been demonstrated to be clearly superior. Although dynamometer studies have shown ACBs spare perioperative quadriceps function when compared to FNBs, ACBs have been widely adopted in orthopaedic surgery without significant evidence that they decrease the risk of perioperative falls. Methods: All patients who received single-shot FNB (129 patients) or ACB (150 patients) at our institution for unilateral primary TKA from April 2014 to September 2015 were retrospectively reviewed for perioperative falls or near-falls during physical therapy and inpatient care...
December 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178460/the-adequate-rocuronium-dose-required-for-complete-block-of-the-adductor-muscles-of-the-thigh
#17
M Fujimoto, K Kawano, T Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Rocuronium can prevent the obturator jerk during transurethral resection of bladder tumors. We investigated the adequate rocuronium dose required for complete block of the thigh adductor muscles, and its correlation with individual responses of the adductor pollicis muscle to rocuronium. METHODS: Eleven patients scheduled for transurethral resection of bladder tumors under general anesthesia were investigated. After general anesthesia induction, neuromuscular monitoring of the adductor pollicis muscle and ultrasonography-guided stimulation of the obturator nerve was commenced...
March 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172388/does-combination-therapy-of-popliteal-sciatic-nerve-block-and-adductor-canal-block-effectively-control-early-postoperative-pain-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#18
Jin-Hyeok Seo, Seung-Suk Seo, Do-Hun Kim, Byung-Yoon Park, Chan-Ho Park, Ok-Gul Kim
Purpose: We compared adductor canal block (ACB) alone and a combination of ACB and sciatic nerve block (SNB) to control early postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty. Materials and Methods: One hundred patients received continuous ACB alone (group A), and another 100 patients received continuous ACB and single popliteal SNB (group B). Pain was evaluated at rest and 45° knee flexion using the numeric rating scale (NRS). The number of times the patient pressed the intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) button, total PCA volume infused, and the total dosage of additional analgesics were evaluated...
December 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152521/isokinetic-strength-deficit-6-months-after-adductor-canal-blockade-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#19
James E Christensen, Natalie E Taylor, Scott J Hetzel, John A Shepler, Tamara A Scerpella
Background: Recent evidence shows a delayed return to sport in children and delayed quadriceps recovery in both adults and children who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with concomitant femoral nerve blockade (FNB) compared with those who had no blockade. We evaluated the use of adductor canal blockade (ACB), as an alternative to FNB, at the time of ACL reconstruction. Hypothesis: Patients who receive ACB will have greater isokinetic strength at 6 months postoperative compared with patients who receive FNB at the time of ACL reconstruction...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064877/evidence-basis-for-regional-anesthesia-in-ambulatory-arthroscopic-knee-surgery-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-part-ii-adductor-canal-nerve-block-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Herman Sehmbi, Richard Brull, Ushma Jitendra Shah, Kariem El-Boghdadly, David Nguyen, Girish P Joshi, Faraj W Abdallah
BACKGROUND: Adductor canal block (ACB) has emerged as an effective analgesic regional technique for major knee surgeries in the last decade. Its motor-sparing properties make it particularly attractive for ambulatory knee surgery, but evidence supporting its use in ambulatory arthroscopic knee surgery is conflicting. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the analgesic effects of ACB for ambulatory arthroscopic knee surgeries. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of electronic databases for randomized controlled trials examining the analgesic effects of ACB compared to control or any other analgesic modality...
October 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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