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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873137/casper-an-online-pre-interview-screen-for-personal-professional-characteristics-prediction-of-national-licensure-scores
#1
Kelly L Dore, Harold I Reiter, Sharyn Kreuger, Geoffrey R Norman
Typically, only a minority of applicants to health professional training are invited to interview. However, pre-interview measures of cognitive skills predict for national licensure scores (Gauer et al. in Med Educ Online 21 2016) and subsequently licensure scores predict for performance in practice (Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 288(23): 3019-3026, 2002; Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 298(9):993-1001, 2007). Assessment of personal and professional characteristics, with the same psychometric rigour of measures of cognitive abilities, are needed upstream in the selection to health profession training programs...
November 21, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860526/medication-identification-in-pediatric-asthma-med-id-the-reliability-and-validity-of-a-novel-screening-tool
#2
Sean M Frey, I Diana Fernandez, Deborah J Ossip, Jill S Halterman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability and validity of MED ID, a novel survey assessing caregiver-perceived ability to identify inhaled asthma medications. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from the School-Based Asthma Care for Teens (SB-ACT) trial in Rochester, NY. Caregivers of adolescents with persistent asthma named the inhaled medications used by their child, and identified medications on a pictorial chart. Accurate identification was defined as completed matches between listed names and selected images...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859510/pulmonary-abnormalities-as-a-result-of-exposure-to-libby-amphibole-during-childhood-and-adolescence-the-pre-adult-latency-study-pals
#3
Jaime Szeinuk, Curtis W Noonan, Claudia I Henschke, Jean Pfau, Brad Black, Albert Miller, David F Yankelevitz, Mingzhu Liang, Ying Liu, Rowena Yip, Laura Linker, Tracy McNew, Raja M Flores
BACKGROUND: The purpose of Pre-Adult Latency Study was to evaluate lung findings among adults who had been environmentally exposed to Libby Amphibole only during childhood and adolescence. METHODS: Recruitment was restricted to volunteers who attended primary and/or secondary school, lived in Libby, MT, prior to age 23 years for males and 21 years for females and subsequently left the area. Subjects completed exposure and respiratory questionnaires, underwent pulmonary function tests (PFTs), and chest CT scans...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779316/work-related-illness-and-injury-claims-among-nationally-certified-athletic-trainers-reported-to-washington-and-california-from-2001-to-2011
#4
Kristen L Kucera, Karen G Roos, Jennifer M Hootman, Hester J Lipscomb, John M Dement, Barbara A Silverstein
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the work-related injury and illnesses experienced by certified athletic trainers (AT). METHODS: The incidence and characteristics of injury/illness claims filed in two workers' compensation systems were described from 2001 to 2011. Yearly populations at risk were estimated from National Athletic Trainers' Association membership statistics. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) were reported by job setting. RESULTS: Claims were predominantly for traumatic injuries and disorders (82...
December 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737721/children-in-the-syrian-civil-war-the-familial-educational-and-public-health-impact-of-ongoing-violence
#5
Abdallah Mohamed Elsafti, Gerlant van Berlaer, Mohammad Al Safadi, Michel Debacker, Ronald Buyl, Atef Redwan, Ives Hubloue
OBJECTIVE: The Syrian civil war since 2011 has led to one of the most complex humanitarian emergencies in history. The objective of this study was to document the impact of the conflict on the familial, educational, and public health state of Syrian children. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in May 2015. Health care workers visited families with a prospectively designed data sheet in 4 Northern Syrian governorates. RESULTS: The 1001 children included in this study originated from Aleppo (41%), Idleb (36%), Hamah (15%), and Lattakia (8%)...
October 14, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711978/development-and-validation-of-an-assessment-tool-for-a-national-young-worker-curriculum
#6
Rebecca J Guerin, Andrea H Okun, Patricia Kelley
BACKGROUND: An online, multiple-choice assessment was developed and validated for Youth@Work-Talking Safety, a NIOSH curriculum that equips middle and high school students with foundational workplace safety and health knowledge and skills. METHODS: Classical Test Theory was used for the test development and validation; the Jaeger method was used for cut score determination. A total of 118 multiple-choice items were developed to measure the acquisition of knowledge and skills taught through the NIOSH curriculum...
November 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692355/mini-medical-school-programs-influence-on-students-desire-to-pursue-medicine
#7
Angela Chang, Garrett Cavanaugh, Neil S Kumar, Margaret Lee, David Stein, Mary K Mulcahey
PURPOSE: Mini-Medical school programs have become an increasingly popular means of encouraging high-school students to consider medical professions. However, there is little research evaluating the long-term effect of these programs on influencing career choice. The purpose of our study was to determine the motivational factors for attending the Mini-Medical school programs at our institution, student satisfaction with their experience, and whether it impacts intended secondary education and career choices...
2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682008/the-sewol-ferry-disaster-experiences-of-a-community-based-hospital-in-ansan-city
#8
Jong-Hak Park, Hanjin Cho, Joo Yeong Kim, Joo-Hyun Song, Sungwoo Moon, Sang Hoon Cha, Byung-Min Choi, Chang-Su Han, Young-Hoon Ko, Hongjae Lee
The Sewol ferry disaster is one of the most tragic events in Korea's modern history. Among the 476 people on board, which included Danwon High School students (324) and teachers (14), 304 passengers died in the disaster (295 recovered corpses and 9 missing) and 172 survived. Of the rescued survivors, 72 were attending Danwon High School, located in Ansan City, and residing in a residence nearby. Because the students were young, emotionally susceptible adolescents, both the government and the parents requested the students be grouped together at a single hospital capable of appropriate psychiatric care...
September 29, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666525/disaster-preparedness-among-university-students-in-guangzhou-china-assessment-of-status-and-demand-for-disaster-education
#9
Yibing Tan, Xiaolan Liao, Haihao Su, Chun Li, Jiagen Xiang, Zhaoyang Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 aims. First, we evaluated the current levels of disaster preparedness among university students in southern China. Second, we assessed students' demands for future disaster education. In addition, we examined the influence of demographic factors on current disaster preparedness status and demand. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. The data were collected from 1893 students in 10 universities in the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega (GHEM) center...
September 26, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641448/a-survey-of-disaster-medical-education-in-osteopathic-medical-school-curricula
#10
Steven J Parrillo, Doran Christensen, Howard S Teitelbaum, Erik S Glassman
Parrillo SJ , Christensen D , Teitelbaum HS , Glassman ES . A survey of disaster medical education in osteopathic medical school curricula. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016;31(6):581-582.
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634695/compilation-of-cognitive-and-personality-norms-for-military-aviators
#11
Thomas R Carretta, Raymond E King, Malcolm James Ree, Mark S Teachout, Erica Barto
INTRODUCTION: The assessment of individuals on abilities or other characteristics is based on comparison to a representative sample. General population norms provide an appropriate reference group when the distribution of scores in the sample can be expected to be similar to those for the general population (e.g., comparing high school students at a particular school to national high school norms on a college entrance test). Specialized norms are needed, however, when subsets of the population differ from the population at large...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621502/ranolazine-induced-reversible-t-wave-inversions-with-prolonged-qtc-interval-progressive-multifocal-leukoencephalopathy-linked-to-fingolimod-losartan-induced-sprue-like-enteropathy-nivolumab-induced-psoriasiform-skin-eruption-hepatitis-b-reactivation-with-hepatitis
#12
EDITORIAL
Michael A Mancano
The purpose of this feature is to heighten awareness of specific adverse drug reactions (ADRs), discuss methods of prevention, and promote reporting of ADRs to the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) MED WATCH program (800-FDA-1088). If you have reported an interesting, preventable ADR to MED WATCH, please consider sharing the account with our readers. Write to Dr. Mancano at ISMP, 200 Lakeside Drive, Suite 200, Horsham, PA 19044 (phone: 215-707-4936; e-mail: mmancano@temple.edu). Your report will be published anonymously unless otherwise requested...
November 2015: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609065/comparison-of-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-versus-placebo-for-uncomplicated-skin-abscesses
#13
Michael Gottlieb
: Clinical question In patients with uncomplicated abscesses receiving incision and drainage, does the addition of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole result in improved clinical resolution at 7 to 14 days after treatment when compared with placebo? Article chosen Talan DA, Mower WR, Krishnadasan A, et al. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole versus placebo for uncomplicated skin abscess. N Engl J Med 2016;374(9):823-32. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to compare the clinical cure rates at 7 to 14 days after the end of the treatment period among patients receiving either trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) or placebo...
September 9, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585493/can-individualized-learning-plans-in-an-advanced-clinical-experience-course-for-fourth-year-medical-students-foster-self-directed-learning
#14
Maribeth B Chitkara, Daniel Satnick, Wei-Hsin Lu, Howard Fleit, Roderick A Go, Latha Chandran
BACKGROUND: Residency programs have utilized Individualized Learning Plans (ILPs) to customize resident education while undergraduate medical education has not done so in a meaningful way. We discuss the use of ILPs within a fourth year medical school course to facilitate self-directed learning (SDL). METHODS: At Stony Brook University School of Medicine, an ILP component was added to the Advanced Clinical Experience (ACE) course for fourth year students. Each completed an ILP outlining personal learning goals and strategies to achieve them...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579352/-peer2peer-a-university-program-for-knowledge-transfer-and-consultation-in-dealing-with-psychosocial-crises-in-med-school-and-medical-career
#15
Christian Vajda
OBJECTIVE: Medical students are exposed to various psychosocial problems and challenges. Specific consultations services and programs can support them. "Peer2Peer" is such a consultation program and was implemented at the Medical University of Graz. It focusses on crisis intervention, psychosocial stress management, junior mentoring as well as student education in this field. Besides, it also offers student tutors of the program practical skills trainings. The program was restructured in winter term 2014/15...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511607/improving-team-performance-for-public-health-preparedness
#16
Megan Peck, Mickey Scullard, Craig Hedberg, Emily Moilanen, Deborah Radi, William Riley, Paige Anderson Bowen, Cheryl Petersen-Kroeber, Louise Stenberg, Debra K Olson
OBJECTIVE: Between May 2010 and September 2011, the University of Minnesota School of Public Health partnered with the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) to assess the effect of exercises on team performance during public health emergency response. METHODS: Participants were divided into 3 research teams exposed to various levels of intervention. Groups consisted of a control group that was given standard MDH training exercises, a didactic group exposed to team dynamics and communication training, and a treatment group that received the didactic training in addition to a post-exercise facilitated debriefing...
August 11, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492749/innovation-in-graduate-education-for-health-professionals-in-humanitarian-emergencies
#17
Dabney P Evans, Mark Anderson, Cyrus Shahpar, Carlos Del Rio, James W Curran
The objective of this report was to show how the Center for Humanitarian Emergencies (the Center) at Emory University (Atlanta, Georgia USA) has trained graduate students to respond to complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs) through innovative educational programs, with the goal of increasing the number of trained humanitarian workers. Natural disasters are on the rise with more than twice as many occurring from 2000-2009 as there were from 1980-1989. In 2012 alone, 144 million people were affected by a natural disaster or displaced by conflict worldwide...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467456/the-significant-impact-of-education-poverty-and-race-on-internet-based-research-participant-engagement
#18
Sarah M Hartz, Tiffany Quan, Abiye Ibiebele, Sherri L Fisher, Emily Olfson, Patricia Salyer, Laura J Bierut
PURPOSE: Internet-based technologies are increasingly being used for research studies. However, it is not known whether Internet-based approaches will effectively engage participants from diverse racial and socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: A total of 967 participants were recruited and offered genetic ancestry results. We evaluated viewing Internet-based genetic ancestry results among participants who expressed high interest in obtaining the results. RESULTS: Of the participants, 64% stated that they were very or extremely interested in their genetic ancestry results...
July 28, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388255/eugenics-ideals-racial-hygiene-and-the-emigration-process-of-german-american-neurogeneticist-franz-josef-kallmann-1897-1965
#19
Stephen Pow, Frank W Stahnisch
Biological psychiatry in the early twentieth century was based on interrelated disciplines, such as neurology and experimental biology. Neuropsychiatrist Franz Josef Kallmann (1897-1965) was a product of this interdisciplinary background who showed an ability to adapt to different scientific contexts, first in the field of neuromorphology in Berlin, and later in New York. Nonetheless, having innovative ideas, as Kallmann did, could be an ambiguous advantage, since they could lead to incommensurable scientific views and marginalization in existing research programs...
July 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364105/concomitant-sensitization-to-glutaraldehyde-and-methacrylic-monomers-among-dentists-and-their-patients
#20
Maya Grigorievna Lyapina, Maria Dencheva, Assya Krasteva-Panova, Mariana Tzekova-Yaneva, Mariela Deliverska, Angelina Kisselova-Yaneva
BACKGROUND: A multitude of methacrylic monomers is used in dentistry. Glutaraldehyde (G) is used in dental practice and consumer products as a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the frequency and the risk of concomitant sensitization to some methacrylic monomers (methyl methacrylate (MMA), triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA), 2,2-bis-[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacrylo-xypropoxy)phenyl]-propane (Bis-GMA), 2-hydroxy-ethyl methacrylate (2-HEMA) and tetrahydrofurfuryl methacrylate (THFMA)) and glutaraldehyde in students of dentistry, students from the dental technician school, dental professionals and dental patients...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
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