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Brian Wansink, David R Just, Collin R Payne, Matthew Z Klinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Preventive Medicine
Audrey J Gaskins, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Germaine M Buck Louis, Jorge E Chavarro
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the predictors of sexual intercourse frequency (SIF) among couples trying to conceive despite the well-established link between SIF and fecundity. AIM: To evaluate men's and women's demographic, occupational, and lifestyle predictors of SIF among couples. METHODS: 469 Couples without a history of infertility participating in the Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment Study (2005-2009) were followed up for ≤1 year while trying to conceive...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Tessa J Koeffler, Natalie E Demeter, Lynn Kysh, Jeffrey Reeb, Alix Stayton, Robert Spears, Rita V Burke
The goal of this research was to identify, summarize, and evaluate pediatric disaster preparedness resources in the United States and to identify areas that need improvement or further development. Using standard literature, gray literature and website reviews, relevant resources were identified and the 50 most relevant resources were studied in depth. Each resource was given a grade of A, B, or C based on content, format, quality, and thoroughness. These resources were divided into 3 categories: (1) hospital resources, (2) school resources, and (3) training/education resources...
March 7, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Pamela Mar, Robert Spears, Jeffrey Reeb, Sarah B Thompson, Paul Myers, Rita V Burke
OBJECTIVE: Eight million American children under the age of 5 attend daycare and more than another 50 million American children are in school or daycare settings. Emergency planning requirements for daycare licensing vary by state. Expert opinions were used to create a disaster preparedness video designed for daycare providers to cover a broad spectrum of scenarios. METHODS: Various stakeholders (17) devised the outline for an educational pre-disaster video for child daycare providers using the Delphi technique...
February 22, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Sarah R Lowe, Megan N Young, Joie Acosta, Laura Sampson, Oliver Gruebner, Sandro Galea
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine factors associated with receipt of post-disaster support from network (eg, family or friends) and non-network (eg, government agencies) sources. METHODS: Participants (n=409) were from a population-based sample of Hurricane Sandy survivors surveyed 25-28 months post-disaster. Survivors were asked to imagine a future disaster and indicate how much they would depend on network and non-network sources of support. In addition, they reported on demographic characteristics, disaster-related exposure, post-traumatic stress, and depression...
February 20, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Elizabeth R Neil, Zachary K Winkelmann, Jessica R Edler
Reference:  Roos KG, Marshall SW. Definition and usage of the term "overuse injury" in the US high school and collegiate sport epidemiology literature: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2014;44(3):405-421. CLINICAL QUESTION:   What is the current context of the term overuse in the epidemiologic sports injury literature? DATA SOURCES:   The authors performed a database search of PubMed and SPORTDiscus. The Boolean phrases athletics AND injury and overuse OR epidemiology were searched...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Brian Wansink, David R Just, Collin R Payne, Matthew Z Klinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Salvatore Mangione, Chayan Chakraborti, Giuseppe Staltari, Rebecca Harrison, Allan R Tunkel, Kevin T Liou, Elizabeth Cerceo, Megan Voeller, Wendy L Bedwell, Keaton Fletcher, Marc J Kahn
BACKGROUND: Literature, music, theater, and visual arts play an uncertain and limited role in medical education. One of the arguments often advanced in favor of teaching the humanities refers to their capacity to foster traits that not only improve practice, but might also reduce physician burnout-an increasing scourge in today's medicine. Yet, research remains limited. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that medical students with higher exposure to the humanities would report higher levels of positive physician qualities (e...
January 29, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 38 in vol. 12, PMID: 28593016.].
November 2017: Journal of Rural Medicine: JRM
Mojtaba Qanbari Qalehsari, Morteza Khaghanizadeh, Abbas Ebadi
Background: Lifelong learning is an expectation in the professional performance of nurses, which is directly related to the success of students in nursing schools. In spite of the considerable attention paid to this issue, lifelong learning strategies are not fully understood. Objective: The aim of this study was to clarify lifelong learning strategies of nursing students with respect to international experience. Methods: In this systematic review, an extensive investigation was carried out using Persian and English studies in Pub Med, ProQuest, Cochrane, Ovid, Scopus, Web of Science, SID, and Iran Doc using the following keywords: lifelong learning, self-directed learning, lifelong learning model, continuing education, nursing education, and lifelong program...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
Erica Duh, Sheyla P Medina, Nathan Coppersmith, Naomi Adjei, Mary B Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Risky sexual behavior among adolescents is a public health crisis. We describe a novel approach to sexual health education where medical students manage a curriculum for an entire seventh grade in one Rhode Island city to better equip students with comprehensive knowledge about sexual health. METHODS: Medical students were trained to teach 12 sessions to seventh-grade students under the supervision of the classroom teacher using a curriculum designed by medical students and faculty (modeled on the Family Life and Sexual Health [FLASH] curriculum but tailored to meet the community's needs)...
November 2017: Family Medicine
Andrew J Sun, Michael L Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Marijuana use is increasingly prevalent in the United States. Effects of marijuana use on sexual function are unclear, with contradictory reports of enhancement and detriment existing. AIM: To elucidate whether a relation between marijuana use and sexual frequency exists using a nationally representative sample of reproductive-age men and women. METHODS: We analyzed data from cycle 6 (2002), cycle 7 (2006-2010), and continuous survey (2011-2015) administrations of the National Survey of Family Growth, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Matt P Owens, Cheri Buffington, Michael P Frost, Randall J Waldner
OBJECTIVE: The Association of American Medical Colleges recommended an increase in medical education for public health emergencies, bioterrorism, and weapons of mass destruction in 2003. The University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine (USD SSOM) implemented a 1-day training event to provide disaster preparedness training and deployment organization for health professions students called Disaster Training Day (DTD). METHODS: Hospital staff and emergency medical services personnel provided the lecture portion of DTD using Core Disaster Life Support (CDLS; National Disaster Life Support Foundation) as the framework...
October 26, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Brian Wansink, David R Just, Collin R Payne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
Lindsay R Duncan, Erin S Pearson, Ralph Maddison
OBJECTIVE: This study systematically reviewed the literature to determine what type of cognitive-behavioral based interventions administered outside of formal school settings effectively prevent smoking initiation among children and adolescents. METHODS: Applying the PRISMA guidelines we searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINHAL, Pub Med, SCOPUS, and Sport Discus. Article review, data extraction, and assessment of risk of bias were conducted by two independent reviewers...
September 21, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
Brian Wansink, David R Just, Collin R Payne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
Farnoush Davoudi, Shooka Esmaeeli, Masoud AhmadzadAsl, Marzieh Nojomi
Background: Better understanding of factors associated with medical school performance is necessary to improve admission processes and to help students succeed in their career. This study follows a group of Iranian med students during their first 2.5 years of medical education, to evaluate their academic success in accordance with their demographic, cognitive and non-cognitive characteristics. Methods: 143 of 200 matriculants of Iran University of Medical Sciences medical school in 2010, were followed for 5 consecutive semesters of the preclinical stage...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Najia Karim Ghanchi, Raabia Nizamuddin Nizamuddin, Zahra Nur Khaled, Amna Qasim, Ahmed Buksh Raheem, Natasha Ali, Naila Kayani, Mohammad Asim Beg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Asim Shaikh, Rohan Kumar Ochani, Syed Saboor Hasan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Łukasz Baka
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy refers to different spheres of human functioning and to different tasks, including teaching activity. It is regarded as an important personal resource related to coping with stress. This paper was aimed at presenting psychometric properties of the Norwegian Teachers Self-Efficacy Scale (NTSES), related to these beliefs in the group of teachers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on the basis of the data obtained from 404 teachers of elementary and middle schools...
August 31, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
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