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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110804/association-between-marijuana-use-and-sexual-frequency-in-the-united-states-a-population-based-study
#1
Andrew J Sun, Michael L Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Marijuana use is increasingly prevalent in the United States. Effects of marijuana use on sexual function are unclear, with contradictory reports of enhancement and detriment existing. AIM: To elucidate whether a relation between marijuana use and sexual frequency exists using a nationally representative sample of reproductive-age men and women. METHODS: We analyzed data from cycle 6 (2002), cycle 7 (2006-2010), and continuous survey (2011-2015) administrations of the National Survey of Family Growth, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070085/the-south-dakota-model-health-care-professions-student-disaster-preparedness-and-deployment-training
#2
Matt P Owens, Cheri Buffington, Michael P Frost, Randall J Waldner
OBJECTIVE: The Association of American Medical Colleges recommended an increase in medical education for public health emergencies, bioterrorism, and weapons of mass destruction in 2003. The University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine (USD SSOM) implemented a 1-day training event to provide disaster preparedness training and deployment organization for health professions students called Disaster Training Day (DTD). METHODS: Hospital staff and emergency medical services personnel provided the lecture portion of DTD using Core Disaster Life Support (CDLS; National Disaster Life Support Foundation) as the framework...
October 26, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053760/notice-of-retraction-wansink-b-just-dr-payne-cr-can-branding-improve-school-lunches-arch-pediatr-adolesc-med-2012-166-10-967-968-jama-pediatr-doi-10-1001-archpediatrics-2012-999
#3
Brian Wansink, David R Just, Collin R Payne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987451/smoking-prevention-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-individualized-interventions
#4
REVIEW
Lindsay R Duncan, Erin S Pearson, Ralph Maddison
OBJECTIVE: This study systematically reviewed the literature to determine what type of cognitive-behavioral based interventions administered outside of formal school settings effectively prevent smoking initiation among children and adolescents. METHODS: Applying the PRISMA guidelines we searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINHAL, Pub Med, SCOPUS, and Sport Discus. Article review, data extraction, and assessment of risk of bias were conducted by two independent reviewers...
September 21, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973133/notice-of-retraction-and-replacement-wansink-b-just-dr-payne-cr-can-branding-improve-school-lunches-arch-pediatr-adolesc-med-2012-166-10-967-968-doi-10-1001-archpediatrics-2012-999
#5
Brian Wansink, David R Just, Collin R Payne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955664/academic-performance-in-iranian-medical-students-during-the-pre-clinical-stage
#6
Farnoush Davoudi, Shooka Esmaeeli, Masoud AhmadzadAsl, Marzieh Nojomi
Background: Better understanding of factors associated with medical school performance is necessary to improve admission processes and to help students succeed in their career. This study follows a group of Iranian med students during their first 2.5 years of medical education, to evaluate their academic success in accordance with their demographic, cognitive and non-cognitive characteristics. Methods: 143 of 200 matriculants of Iran University of Medical Sciences medical school in 2010, were followed for 5 consecutive semesters of the preclinical stage...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955095/response-to-comment-on-najia-karim-ghanchi-et-al-j-pak-med-assoc-2017-2-627-9-perception-of-pathology-as-a-future-career-choice-among-medical-students-from-karachi-pakistan-experience-from-a-private-medical-school
#7
Najia Karim Ghanchi, Raabia Nizamuddin Nizamuddin, Zahra Nur Khaled, Amna Qasim, Ahmed Buksh Raheem, Natasha Ali, Naila Kayani, Mohammad Asim Beg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955094/comment-on-najia-karim-ghanchi-et-al-j-pak-med-assoc-2017-2-627-9-perception-of-pathology-as-a-future-career-choice-among-medical-students-from-karachi-pakistan-experience-from-a-private-medical-school
#8
Asim Shaikh, Rohan Kumar Ochani, Syed Saboor Hasan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857090/-norwegian-teacher-self-efficacy-scale-psychometric-properties-of-the-polish-version-of-the-scale
#9
Łukasz Baka
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy refers to different spheres of human functioning and to different tasks, including teaching activity. It is regarded as an important personal resource related to coping with stress. This paper was aimed at presenting psychometric properties of the Norwegian Teachers Self-Efficacy Scale (NTSES), related to these beliefs in the group of teachers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on the basis of the data obtained from 404 teachers of elementary and middle schools...
August 31, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831950/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-children-of-kathmandu-1-year-after-the-2015-earthquake-in-nepal
#10
Shneha Acharya, Dharma Nanda Bhatta, Sawitri Assannangkornchai
OBJECTIVE: The 2015 earthquake in Nepal affected the country in terms of economy, and by causing damage and stress reactions. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and determine individual child- and family-level predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Kathmandu district 15 months after the earthquake. Multistage cluster sampling was adopted to collect 800 earthquake-affected children aged 7-16 years and a face-to-face interview was conducted...
August 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765667/the-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-work-ability-a-cross-sectional-study-of-teachers
#11
Małgorzata Grabara, Agnieszka Nawrocka, Aneta Powerska-Didkowska
OBJECTIVES: To assess relationship between physical activity (PA) and perceived work ability amongst teachers from the Upper Silesia, Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 171 teachers (129 women, 42 men) of primary and secondary schools of the Upper Silesia, Poland. Physical education teachers were excluded from the study. The level of PA was estimated using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire short version, and perceived work ability was estimated using Work Ability Index (WAI)...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746134/the-md-med-joint-degree-program-at-vanderbilt-university-training-future-expert-medical-educators
#12
William M Sullivan, Jacob DeVolder, Monica Bhutiani, Kristen W Neal, Bonnie M Miller
PROBLEM: Some medical students are drawn to medical education as an area of academic specialization. However, few options exist for medical students who wish to build a scholarly foundation for future careers in medical education. APPROACH: In 2011, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine (VUSM) and Peabody College of Education and Human Development at Vanderbilt University partnered to establish a novel dual-degree program that, through transfer of credit, allows students to graduate with both an MD and a master of education (MEd) degree in five years...
August 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715311/animal-models-new-biosensors-and-technologies-including-those-for-bone-regrowth-and-wound-healing-advance-animal-health-care-while-also-providing-a-fertile-testing-ground-for-human-health
#13
Summer Allen
Dogs have bad breath. But when Montana sheep rancher Katy Harjes noticed her collie, Hoshi, had particularly bad breath and facial swelling, she was concerned that the symptoms might be a sign of something serious. She was right; ten-year-old Hoshi had squamous cell carcinoma, a common type of oral tumor found in dogs. The cancer had not metastasized, but the damage was extensive enough that part of Hoshi's lower jaw needed to be removed. Luckily, Hoshi was a suitable candidate for a stateof-the-art bone regrowth procedure developed by Frank Verstraete, B...
July 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584320/workplace-bullying-and-mental-health-among-teachers-in-relation-to-psychosocial-job-characteristics-and-burnout
#14
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study has been to assess the associations between psychological distress and exposure to workplace bullying, taking into account possible influence of adverse psychosocial job characteristics and occupational burnout in a sample of Kaunas (Lithuania) teachers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample included 517 teachers from 13 secondary schools and was conducted in 2014. The participants filled in the anonymous questionnaire (response rate 71...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584313/trends-in-smoking-among-secondary-school-and-high-school-students-in-poland-2009-and-2011
#15
Paulina Wojtyła-Buciora, Barbara Stawińska-Witoszyńska, Wiola Żukiewicz-Sobczak, Cezary Wojtyła, Piotr Biliński, Monika Urbaniak, Andrzej Wojtyła, Jerzy T Marcinkowski, Małgorzata Wojciechowska
OBJECTIVES: To determine the age and the most common circumstances for smoking initiation along with smoking rates and to evaluate smoking trends for secondary and high school students in Poland during 2009 and 2011. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 2009, a pilot study was conducted in districts of Poland on high school students and their parents. For statistical analysis, correctly completed questionnaires from 999 students and 667 parents were qualified for use. After the pilot study, a nationwide study of secondary school students and their parents was also conducted in 2009...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518003/caffeine-consumption-among-naval-aviation-candidates
#16
Thomas E Sather, Ronald D Williams, Donald R Delorey, Conrad L Woolsey
INTRODUCTION: Education frequently dictates students need to study for prolonged periods of time to adequately prepare for examinations. This is especially true with aviation preflight indoctrination (API) candidates who have to assimilate large volumes of information in a limited amount of time during API training. The purpose of this study was to assess caffeine consumption patterns (frequency, type, and volume) among naval aviation candidates attending API to determine the most frequently consumed caffeinated beverage and to examine if the consumption of a nonenergy drink caffeinated beverage was related to energy drink consumption...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481382/impact-of-road-traffic-noise-on-sleep-disturbances-and-attention-disorders-amongst-school-children-living-in-upper-silesian-industrial-zone-poland
#17
Michał Skrzypek, Małgorzata Kowalska, Elżbieta M Czech, Ewa Niewiadomska, Jan E Zejda
OBJECTIVES: Published reports suggest that some adverse health impact may be related to noise exposure, and motor vehicle traffic is considered to be the main source of environmental hazard of noise. The aim of this study has been to assess an association between occurrence of sleep and attention disorders with exposure to the noise generated by motor vehicle traffic in the case of a large group of children living in an urban environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data was obtained using a cross sectional study design in Bytom (Silesia, Poland) from 2003-2007 for a selected group of 7-14 year olds (N = 5136)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397640/school-based-disaster-recovery-promotion-of-children-s-mental-health-over-the-long-haul
#18
Elizabeth Peacock-Chambers, Pilar Del Canto, Douglas Ahlers, Mario Valdivia Peralta, Judith Palfrey
The February 2010 earthquake and tsunamis destroyed 80% of the coastal town of Dichato, Chile, displacing over 400 families for nearly 4 years. The coalition Recupera Chile (RC) participated in the town's integrated recovery process from January 2011 to the present with a focus on children's mental health. The multidisciplinary RC coalition emphasized community-led post-disaster recovery, economic capacity rebuilding, and community health promotion (www.recuperachile.org). RC's child health team fostered partnerships between the local elementary school, health clinic, Universidad de Concepcion, and Boston Children's Hospital...
April 11, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383546/mosaic-trisomy-16-what-are-the-obstetric-and-long-term-childhood-outcomes
#19
Teresa N Sparks, Kao Thao, Mary E Norton
PURPOSE: To evaluate obstetric and neonatal outcomes as well as long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes and quality of life among prenatally detected cases of mosaic trisomy (MT16) and confined placental mosaicism (CPM) for trisomy 16. METHODS: We recruited participants for this cross-sectional study through an international registry of families with children diagnosed with MT16 or CPM. Parents were interviewed about expectations based on prenatal counseling as well as about actual perinatal outcomes, congenital anomalies, medical conditions, and school progress...
October 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376940/self-perception-of-medical-students-knowledge-and-interest-in-disaster-medicine-nine-years-after-the-approval-of-the-curriculum-in-german-universities
#20
Robert Wunderlich, Luca Ragazzoni, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Francesco Della Corte, Jan Grundgeiger, Jens Werner Bickelmayer, Bernd Domres
BACKGROUND: Following the recommendations of the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM; Madison, Wisconsin USA) to develop standards for training the undergraduates in disaster-relevant fields (2004), a German curriculum was approved in 2006. This paper aims to describe the level of training and interest of medical students nine years later. Problem The aim of this study was to assess the self-perception of medical students' knowledge and interest in disaster medicine nine years after the implementation of a standardized disaster medicine curriculum in German medical schools...
August 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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