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large volume paracentesis and albumin dose

Waqar Hussain, Abdullah Bin Khalid, Tayyab Usmani, Aiman Ghufran, Hasnain Shah
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of low dose Albumin i.e. 4 grams per litre of ascitic fluid after large volume paracentesis (LVP) for the prevention of paracentesis induced circulatory dysfunction (PICD) related renal impairment in cirrhosis. METHODS: Case records of all patients with cirrhosis who underwent LVP from January 12(th), 2011 till December 29(th), 2013 were reviewed. Patients were excluded if they had spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, creatinine >1...
2015: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Takamasa Ohki, Koki Sato, Tomoharu Yamada, Mari Yamagami, Daisaku Ito, Koki Kawanishi, Kentaro Kojima, Michiharu Seki, Nobuo Toda, Kazumi Tagawa
AIM: To elucidate the efficacies of tolvaptan (TLV) as a treatment for refractory ascites compared with conventional treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 120 refractory ascites patients between January 1, 2009 and September 31, 2014. Sixty patients were treated with oral TLV at a starting dose of 3.75 mg/d in addition to sodium restriction (> 7 g/d), albumin infusion (10-20 g/wk), and standard diuretic therapy (20-60 mg/d furosemide and 25-50 mg/d spironolactone) and 60 patients with large volume paracentesis in addition to sodium restriction (less than 7 g/d), albumin infusion (10-20 g/wk), and standard diuretic therapy (20-120 mg/d furosemide and 25-150 mg/d spironolactone)...
June 28, 2015: World Journal of Hepatology
Kara B Johnson, Jessica L Mueller, Tracey G Simon, Hui Zheng, Lindsay Y King, Robert S Makar, Debra A Gervais, Raymond T Chung
BACKGROUND: LVP is used to manage diuretic-resistant ascites in cirrhotic patients. Albumin administration prevents complications including acute kidney injury and paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction, but the optimal dose is unclear. AIM: We sought to assess adherence to guidelines enacted in July 2011 at our center for reducing the albumin dose administered at large-volume paracentesis (LVP) and evaluate the cost and rate of complications of LVPs before and after guideline enactment...
July 2015: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Khurram Bari, Cecilia Miñano, Martha Shea, Irteza B Inayat, Hashem J Hashem, Hochong Gilles, Douglas Heuman, Guadalupe Garcia-Tsao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Large-volume paracentesis (LVP) is the treatment of choice for patients with cirrhosis and refractory ascites. However, LVP can lead to postparacentesis circulatory dysfunction (PCD), which is associated with faster ascites recurrence and renal failure. PCD results from vasodilatation, which reduces effective blood volume, and is prevented by intravenous administration of albumin. Vasoconstrictors could be used instead of albumin and, with longer use, prevent PCD and delay ascites recurrence...
October 2012: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
June Sung Lee
Albumin has been widely used in patients with cirrhosis in an attempt to improve circulatory and renal functions. The benefits of albumin infusions in preventing the deterioration in renal function associated with large-volume paracentesis, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and established hepatorenal syndrome in conjunction with a vasoconstrictor are well established. While some of these indications are supported by the results of randomized studies, others are based only on clinical experience and have not been proved in prospective studies...
March 2012: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Carlo Alessandria, Chiara Elia, Lavinia Mezzabotta, Alessandro Risso, Alida Andrealli, Maurizio Spandre, Anna Morgando, Alfredo Marzano, Mario Rizzetto
BACKGROUND: Paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction is a well-known complication of large volume paracentesis. Albumin infusion (8g of albumin/L of ascites removed) is effective in preventing it, but high costs and scant availability limit its use. AIM: To compare standard vs half albumin doses. METHODS: Seventy cirrhotic patients treated with large volume paracentesis were randomized to receive intravenous albumin as prevention of paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction: group 1 (35 patients) received 4g/L of ascites removed, group 2 (35 patients) received 8g/L of ascites removed...
November 2011: Digestive and Liver Disease
Shashideep Singhal, Kiran K Baikati, Ibrahim I Jabbour, Sury Anand
Ascites that does not respond or recurs after high-dose diuresis and sodium restriction should be considered refractory ascites. As cirrhosis advances, the escaping fluid overwhelms the lymphatic return. Decrease in renal plasma flow leads to increased sodium reabsorption at the proximal tubule leading to decreased responsiveness to loop diuretics and mineralocorticoid antagonists, which work distally. These complex hemodynamic alterations lead to refractory ascites. In refractory ascites, high-dose diuresis (400 mg of spironolactone and 160 mg of furosemide) and sodium restriction (<90 mmol/d) result in inadequate weight loss and sub optimal sodium excretion (<78 mmol/d)...
March 2012: American Journal of Therapeutics
Florence Wong
Albumin is the most abundant protein in the circulation. Its main physiologic function is to maintain colloid osmotic pressure. Better understanding of albumin's other physiologic functions has expanded its application beyond maintenance of intravascular volume. In patients with cirrhosis, albumin has been used as an adjunct to diuretics to improve the diuretic response. It has also been used to prevent circulatory dysfunction developing after large-volume paracentesis. Newer indications in cirrhotic patients include preventing hepatorenal syndrome in those with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and treating established hepatorenal syndrome in conjunction with vasoconstrictor therapies...
January 2007: Nature Clinical Practice. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Eun Sook Jung, June Sung Lee, Min Hwan Kim, Nam Hoon Kim, Kyung A Kim, Young Soo Moon
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Deterioration of renal function in patients with cirrhosis and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is the most sensitive predictor of in-hospital mortality. It has been shown that high dose intravenous albumin in addition to antibiotics reduces the incidence of renal impairment and improve hospital survival in these patients. Besides, it is important to know which patients would benefit from albumin infusion. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective study to elucidate the incidence and risk factors of renal dysfunction in cirrhotic patients with SBP...
December 2006: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Aldo Torre Delgadillo
Ascites is the most common complication of cirrhosis and is associated with 50% mortality at 2 years if patients do not receive orthotopic liver transplantation. Recently the International Ascites Club defined ascites into three groups: In grade I ascites fluid is detected only by ultrasound; in grade II, ascites is moderate with symmetrical distention of the abdomen; and in Grade 3 ascites is large or tense with marked abdominal distention. About 10% of patients with ascites are refractory to treatment with diuretics...
July 2005: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
Chang Hwan Choi, Kwang Hyub Han, Do Young Kim, Jae Hee Cho, Jae Youn Cheong, Kun Hoon Song, Chae Yoon Chon, Young Myoung Moon
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Large volume paracentesis (LVP) associated with plasma volume expansion is known to be an effective and safe therapy for tense or refractory ascites in cirrhosis. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is one of the frequent infections in patients with cirrhosis. We conducted a study to assess the efficacy and safety of large volume paracentesis in cirrhotic patients with SBP. METHODS: We randomly assigned 40 patients with cirrhosis and SBP to either treatment with LVP (21 patients) or general management (19 patients)...
March 2002: Taehan Kan Hakhoe Chi, the Korean Journal of Hepatology
V Arroyo
Refractory ascites (or diuretic-resistant ascites), i.e. ascites that cannot be mobilized by medical treatment (low sodium diet and high doses of furosemide and spironolactone) is an infrequent phenomenon in cirrhosis. It usually occurs in patients with functional renal failure as a consequence of alteration in both pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of diuretics. Peritoneovenous shunting, a procedure which improves systemic hemodynamics and renal function and suppresses the plasma levels of renin, aldosterone, norepinephrine and antidiuretic hormone in cirrhotics with ascites, has been proposed as the treatment of choice in patients with refractory ascites...
March 1990: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
F Salerno, S Badalamenti, E Lorenzano, P Moser, P Incerti
Fifty-four cirrhotic patients with refractory ascites were treated with one-session large-volume paracentesis and randomly assigned to two groups. The first group was infused with human albumin, and the second group was infused with hemaccel at doses with comparable oncotic power. The two groups were compared for incidence of complications, recurrence of massive ascites after hospital dismissal and survival rate. The incidence of complications traditionally related to paracentesis, the probability of requiring readmission to the hospital for ascites (p = 0...
April 1991: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
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