keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

N-glycosylation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229927/alteration-of-n-glycan-expression-profile-and-glycan-pattern-of-glycoproteins-in-human-hepatoma-cells-after-hcv-infection
#1
Tian Xiang, Ganglong Yang, Xiaoyu Liu, Yidan Zhou, Zhongxiao Fu, Fangfang Lu, Jianguo Gu, Naoyuki Taniguchi, Zengqi Tan, Xi Chen, Yan Xie, Feng Guan, Xiao-Lian Zhang
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection causes chronic liver diseases, liver fibrosis and even hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However little is known about any information of N-glycan pattern in human liver cell after HCV infection. METHODS: The altered profile of N-glycans in HCV-infected Huh7.5.1 cell were analyzed by using mass spectrometry. Then, lectin microarray, lectin pull-down assay, reverse transcription-quantitative real time PCR (RT-qPCR) and western-blotting were used to identify the altered N-glycosylated proteins and glycosyltransferases...
February 13, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223252/the-origin-and-evolution-of-basigin-bsg-gene-a-comparative-genomic-and-phylogenetic-analysis
#2
Xinyan Zhu, Shenglan Wang, Mingjie Shao, Jie Yan, Fei Liu
Basigin (BSG), also known as extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) or cluster of differentiation 147 (CD147), plays various fundamental roles in the intercellular recognition involved in immunologic phenomena, differentiation, and development. In this study, we aimed to compare the similarities and differences of BSG among organisms and explore possible evolutionary relationships based on the comparison result. We used the extensive BLAST tool to search the metazoan genomes, N-glycosylation sites, the transmembrane region and other functional sites...
February 18, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221766/proteoform-profile-mapping-of-the-human-serum-complement-component-c9-reveals-unexpected-new-features-of-n-o-and-c-glycosylation
#3
Vojtech Franc, Yang Yang, Albert J R Heck
The human complement C9 protein (~65 kDa) is a member of the complement pathway. It plays an essential role in the membrane attack complex (MAC), which forms a lethal pore on the cellular surface of pathogenic bacteria. Here, we charted in detail the structural micro-heterogeneity of C9 purified from human blood serum, using an integrative workflow combining high-resolution native mass spectrometry and (glyco)peptide-centric proteomics. The proteoform profile of C9 was acquired by high-resolution native mass spectrometry, which revealed the co-occurrence of ~50 distinct MS signals...
February 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220416/assays-to-investigate-the-n-glycosylation-state-and-function-of-plant-pattern-recognition-receptors
#4
Stacey A Lawrence, Teresa Ceserani, Nicole K Clay
The biogenesis and functionality of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) are critical for robust plant immune responses. Here, we present methods to determine the N-glycosylation state and ligand-induced activity of these receptors for comparative quantitative analysis. These techniques can be used to identify mutants and chemical inhibitors affecting PRR biogenesis and functionality. When combined, these techniques can provide useful insights on biological processes necessary to synthesize a properly membrane-localized and ligand-responsive PRR...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220415/analysis-for-protein-glycosylation-of-pattern-recognition-receptors-in-plants
#5
Takaakira Inokuchi, Yusuke Saijo
Recognition of molecules typical of microbes or aberrant cellular states, termed microbe- or danger-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs/DAMPs), respectively, provides an important step in plant and animal innate immunity. In plants, pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) identified to date are limited to membrane-associated proteins, of which the majority has an extracellular leucine-rich repeat (LRR) or lysine-motif (LysM) domain. These PRRs undergo quality control (QC) in the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) that is dependent on Asn (N)-linked glycosylation (Glc3Man9GlcNAc2 conjugation) of their extracellular domain...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217912/cold-adaptation-of-the-antarctic-haloarchaea-halohasta-litchfieldiae-and-halorubrum-lacusprofundi
#6
Timothy J Williams, Yan Liao, Jun Ye, Rhiannon P Kuchel, Anne Poljak, Mark J Raftery, Ricardo Cavicchioli
Halohasta litchfieldiae represents ∼ 44% and Halorubrum lacusprofundi ∼ 10% of the hypersaline, perennially cold (≥ -20°C) Deep Lake community in Antarctica. We used proteomics and microscopy to define physiological responses of these haloarchaea to growth at high (30°C) and low (10 and 4°C) temperatures. The proteomic data indicate that both species responded to low temperature by modifying their cell envelope including protein N-glycosylation, maintaining osmotic balance and translation initiation, and modifying RNA turnover and tRNA modification...
February 20, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215986/the-%C3%AE-4galt1-affects-the-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes-invasion-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-by-modifying-n-linked-glycosylation-of-cxcr3
#7
Chi Sun, Xinhui Zhu, Tao Tao, Dongmei Zhang, Yi Wang, Hua Xu, Yunli Ren, Youhua Wang
OBJECTIVE: The level of β-1,4-galactosyltransferase 1 (β4GalT1) is up-regulated in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice. It is reported that CXC chemokine receptor 3 (CXCR3) can enhance the invasiveness of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aims to investigate the specific mechanism of β4GalT1 and relationship between β4GalT1 and CXCR3 in RA. METHODS: The model of CIA mice was established to explore the role of β4GalT1...
February 10, 2017: European Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209512/n-glycan-dependent-cell-surface-expression-of-the-p2y2-receptor-and-n-glycan-independent-distribution-to-lipid-rafts
#8
Tetsuto Nakagawa, Chihiro Takahashi, Hitomi Matsuzaki, Shohei Takeyama, Shinpei Sato, Ayaka Sato, Yoshiyuki Kuroda, Hideyoshi Higashi
P2Y2 receptor (P2Y2R) is a G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that couples with Gαq/11 and is stimulated by ATP and UTP. P2Y2R is involved in pain, proinflammatory changes, and blood pressure control. Some GPCRs are localized in lipid rafts for interaction with other signaling molecules. In this study, we prepared N-glycan-deficient mutants by mutating the two consensus Asn residues for N-glycosylation to Gln to examine intracellular localization and association with lipid rafts. Western blotting of the wild type (WT) protein and mutants (N9Q, N13Q, N9Q/N13Q) in COS-7 cells showed that both Asn residues were glycosylated in the WT...
February 14, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202691/attenuation-of-n-glycosylation-causes-polarity-and-adhesion-defects-in-the-c-elegans-embryo
#9
Julia Stevens, Anne Spang
The C. elegans early embryo is highly polarized, requiring sequestration of cytoplasmic polarity factors at the plasma membrane. This compartmentalization aids asymmetric distribution of lipids and proteins, which is partially responsible for the fates of the daughter cells. Since most plasma membrane proteins are glycosylated, we determined the effect of N-glycosylation attenuation on cell polarity. While polarity establishment was not perturbed, the AB/P1 size ratio was more variable in embryos with reduced N-glycosylation than in the mock-treated ones...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196864/mechanistic-understanding-of-n-glycosylation-in-ebola-virus-glycoprotein-maturation-and-function
#10
Bin Wang, Yujie Wang, Dylan A Frabutt, Xihe Zhang, Xiaoyu Yao, Dan Hu, Zhuo Zhang, Chaonan Liu, Shimin Zheng, Shi-Hua Xiang, Yong-Hui Zheng
The Ebola virus (EBOV) trimeric envelope glycoprotein (GP) precursors are cleaved into the receptor-binding GP1 and the fusion-mediating GP2 subunits and incorporated into virions to initiate infection. GP1 and GP2 form heterodimers, which have 15 or 2 N-glycosylation sites (NGSs), respectively. Here, we investigated the mechanism of how N-glycosylation contributes to GP expression, maturation, and function. As reported before, we found that although GP1 NGSs are not critical, the two GP2 NGSs, N563 and N618, are essential to the GP function...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193332/analysis-of-agaricus-meleagris-pyranose-dehydrogenase-n-glycosylation-sites-and-performance-of-partially-non-glycosylated-enzymes
#11
Christoph Gonaus, Daniel Maresch, Katharina Schropp, Peter Ó Conghaile, Dónal Leech, Lo Gorton, Clemens K Peterbauer
Pyranose Dehydrogenase 1 from the basidiomycete Agaricus meleagris (AmPDH1) is an oxidoreductase capable of oxidizing a broad variety of sugars. Due to this and its ability of dioxidation of substrates and no side production of hydrogen peroxide, it is studied for use in enzymatic bio-fuel cells. In-vitro deglycosylated AmPDH1 as well as knock-out mutants of the N-glycosylation sites N(75) and N(175), near the active site entrance, were previously shown to improve achievable current densities of graphite electrodes modified with AmPDH1 and an osmium redox polymer acting as a redox mediator, up to 10-fold...
April 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193043/removal-of-n-linked-glycosylations-at-acidic-ph-by-pngase-a-facilitates-hydrogen-deuterium-exchange-mass-spectrometry-analysis-of-n-linked-glycoproteins
#12
Pernille Foged Jensen, Gerard Comamala, Morten Beck Trelle, Jeppe Buur Madsen, Thomas J D Jørgensen, Kasper D Rand
Protein glycosylation is the most frequent post-translational modification and is present on more than 50% of eukaryotic proteins. Glycosylation covers a wide subset of modifications involving many types of complex oligosaccharide structures, making structural analysis of glycoproteins and their glycans challenging for most analytical techniques. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange monitored by mass spectrometry is a sensitive technique for investigation of protein conformational dynamics of complex heterogeneous proteins in solution...
December 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190645/pgm1-deficiency-substrate-use-during-exercise-and-effect-of-treatment-with-galactose
#13
N C Voermans, N Preisler, K L Madsen, M C H Janssen, B Kusters, N Abu Bakar, F Conte, V M L Lamberti, F Nusman, B G van Engelen, M van Scherpenzeel, J Vissing, D J Lefeber
Mutations in PGM1 (phosphoglucomutase 1) cause Glycogen Storage Disease type XIV, which is also a congenital disorder of protein N-glycosylation. It presents throughout life as myopathy with additional systemic symptoms. We report the effect of oral galactose treatment during five months in a patient with biochemically and genetically confirmed PGM1 deficiency. The 12-minute-walking distance increased by 225 m (65%) and transferrin glycosylation was restored to near-normal levels. The exercise assessments showed a severe exercise intolerance due to a block in skeletal muscle glycogenolytic capacity and that galactose treatment tended to normalize skeletal muscle substrate use from fat to carbohydrates during exercise...
January 19, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188862/the-ascites-n-glycome-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-patients
#14
Karina Biskup, Elena I Braicu, Jalid Sehouli, Rudolf Tauber, Véronique Blanchard
: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is worldwide the sixth most lethal form of cancer occurring in women. More than one third of ovarian patients have ascites at the time of diagnosis and almost all of them have it when recurrence occurs. Although its effect on tumor cell microenvironment remains poorly understood, its presence is correlated with bad diagnosis. In previous studies, we proposed a novel glycan-based biomarker for the diagnosis of EOC, which showed an improved sensitivity and specificity at any stage of the disease and an improved discrimination between malignant and benign ovarian tumors...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188786/increased-glycosylation-efficiency-of-recombinant-proteins-in-escherichia-coli-by-auto-induction
#15
Ning Ding, Chunguang Yang, Shenxia Sun, Lichi Han, Yao Ruan, Longhua Guo, Xuejun Hu, Jianing Zhang
Escherichia coli cells have been considered as promising hosts for producing N-glycosylated proteins since the successful production of N-glycosylated protein in E. coli with the pgl (N-linked protein glycosylation) locus from Campylobacter jejuni. However, one hurdle in producing N-glycosylated proteins in large scale using E. coli is inefficient glycan glycosylation. In this study, we developed a strategy for the production of N-glycosylated proteins with high efficiency via an optimized auto-induction method...
February 8, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187981/deglycosylation-of-myeloperoxidase-uncovers-its-novel-antigenicity
#16
Jun-Tao Yu, Jian-Nan Li, Jia Wang, Xiao-Yu Jia, Zhao Cui, Ming-Hui Zhao
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a common target antigen of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis and is recognized in one-third of patients with anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease. Our previous study identified over 60% of patients with anti-GBM disease recognizing linear peptides of MPO heavy chain. Here we tested whether aberrant glycosylation alters MPO antigenicity through exposure of neo-epitopes on MPO molecules. Atypical glycosylated MPO molecules, including all possible glycosylation types, were prepared by exoglycosidase and endoglycosidase treatments...
February 7, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187141/role-of-n-linked-glycosylation-in-the-enzymatic-properties-of-a-thermophilic-gh-10-xylanase-from-aspergillus-fumigatus-expressed-in-pichia-pastoris
#17
Xiaoyu Chang, Bo Xu, Yingguo Bai, Huiying Luo, Rui Ma, Pengjun Shi, Bin Yao
N-Glycosylation is a posttranslational modification commonly occurred in fungi and plays roles in a variety of enzyme functions. In this study, a xylanase (Af-XYNA) of glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 10 from Aspergillus fumigatus harboring three potential N-glycosylation sites (N87, N124 and N335) was heterologously produced in Pichia pastoris. The N-glycosylated Af-XYNA (WT) exhibited favorable temperature and pH optima (75°C and pH 5.0) and good thermostability (maintaining stable at 60°C). To reveal the role of N-glycosylation on Af-XYNA, the enzyme was deglycosylated by endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase H (DE) or modified by site-directed mutagenesis at N124 (N124T)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186505/n-glycosylation-of-mouse-trail-r-and-human-trail-r1-enhances-trail-induced-death
#18
Florent Dufour, Thibault Rattier, Sarah Shirley, Gaelle Picarda, Andrei Alexandru Constantinescu, Aymeric Morlé, Al Batoul Zakaria, Guillaume Marcion, Sebastien Causse, Eva Szegezdi, Dirk Michael Zajonc, Renaud Seigneuric, Gilles Guichard, Tijani Gharbi, Fabien Picaud, Guillaume Herlem, Carmen Garrido, Pascal Schneider, Chris Alan Benedict, Olivier Micheau
APO2L/TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) induces death of tumor cells through two agonist receptors, TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2. We demonstrate here that N-linked glycosylation (N-glyc) plays also an important regulatory role for TRAIL-R1-mediated and mouse TRAIL receptor (mTRAIL-R)-mediated apoptosis, but not for TRAIL-R2, which is devoid of N-glycans. Cells expressing N-glyc-defective mutants of TRAIL-R1 and mouse TRAIL-R were less sensitive to TRAIL than their wild-type counterparts. Defective apoptotic signaling by N-glyc-deficient TRAIL receptors was associated with lower TRAIL receptor aggregation and reduced DISC formation, but not with reduced TRAIL-binding affinity...
February 10, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186328/site-specific-monitoring-of-n-glycosylation-profiles-of-a-ctla4-fc-fusion-protein-from-the-secretory-pathway-to-the-extracellular-environment
#19
Karina Bora de Oliveira, David Spencer, Christopher Barton, Nitin Agarwal
Glycosylation often plays a key role in the safety and efficacy of therapeutic proteins to patients, thus underlying the need for consistent control of this important post-translational modification during biologics production. In this study, we profiled the site-specific evolution of N-glycans on a CTLA4-Fc-fusion protein, from the intracellular secretory pathway to the conditioned medium (CM) in fed-batch cell culture. For this, we developed an approach that combined sub-cellular fractionation with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analyses...
February 10, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167607/a-key-regulator-of-cell-adhesion-identification-and-characterization-of-important-n-glycosylation-sites-on-integrin-%C3%AE-5-for-cell-migration
#20
Qinglei Hang, Tomoya Isaji, Sicong Hou, Yuqin Wang, Tomohiko Fukuda, Jianguo Gu
The N-glycosylation of integrin α5β1 is thought to control many fundamental aspects of cell behavior, including cell adhesion and migration. However, the mechanism of how N-glycans function remains largely obscure. Here, we used a loss-of-function approach. The wild-type (WT) and N-glycosylation mutant integrin α5, S3-5 (sites 3, 4 and 5), which contains fewer N-glycans, were stably reconstituted in α5-knock-out cancer cells. We found that the migration ability of the S3-5 cells was decreased by comparison with the WT...
February 6, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
keyword
keyword
58276
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"