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Swimmer AND surgery

Rachel M Frank, Gift Ukwuani, Jorge Chahla, Brian Batko, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Shane J Nho
PURPOSE: To evaluate patients' ability to return to swimming after hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) with capsular closure. METHODS: Consecutive FAIS patients who had undergone hip arthroscopy for the treatment of FAIS by a single fellowship-trained surgeon were reviewed. The inclusion criteria included patients with a diagnosis of FAIS who self-reported being swimming athletes with a minimum clinical follow-up duration of 2 years...
February 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Tomoki Yamasaki, Nobuyasu Komasawa, Haruki Kido, Toshiaki Minami
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the nasal passage plays an important role in manual face mask ventilation, but this has yet to be quantitatively assessed. We conducted a prospective randomized crossover clinical trial to compare the change in pressure-controlled face mask tidal volume with and without nasal airway occlusion. METHOD: Female patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia served as study subjects. Patients were randomly assigned to face mask ventilation beginning either with or without nasal passage occlusion (achieved with a swimmer's nose clip), followed by removal or application of the nose clip, respectively...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Georgios Rossidis, Andrew Perry, Husain Abbas, Isaac Motamarry, Tamara Lux, Kevin Farmer, Michael Moser, Jay Clugston, Angel Caban, Kfir Ben-David
INTRODUCTION: Athletic pubalgia is a syndrome of chronic lower abdomen and groin pain that occurs in athletes. It is the direct result of stress and microtears of the rectus abdominis inserting on the pubis from the antagonizing adductor longus muscles, and weakness of the posterior transversalis fascia and bulging of the inguinal floor. METHODS: Under IRB approval, we conducted a retrospective review of our prospectively competitive athlete patients with athletic pubalgia from 2007 to 2013...
February 2015: Surgical Endoscopy
Venita Chandra, Christine Little, Jason T Lee
OBJECTIVE: Repetitive upper extremity use in high-performance athletes is associated with the development of neurogenic and vascular thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). Surgical therapy in appropriately selected patients can provide relief of symptoms and protection from future disability. We sought to determine the incidence and timing of competitive athletes to return to their prior high-performance level after TOS treatment and surgery. METHODS: We reviewed all competitive high school, collegiate, and professional athletes treated for venous or neurogenic TOS (nTOS) from 2000 to 2012...
October 2014: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Dubravko Manestar, Robert Tićac, Koraljka Manestar, Zeljko Linsak, Davor Corak, Marcel Marjanović Kavanagh, Drago Prgomet, Radan Starcević
The aim of the study was to determine the influence of swimming on postlaryngectomy olfactory rehabilitation. This prospective open interventional trial at a tertiary academic hospital included 100 laryngectomised patients; 17 were swimmers and 83 were nonswimmers. Participants practiced the polite yawning technique (PYT) for postlaryngectomy olfactory rehabilitation. Rhinomanometry was used to measure air quantity in the right and left nostrils, respectively; to test sense of smell, we applied the smell diskettes olfaction test (SDOT)...
December 2013: Collegium Antropologicum
Sebastian C Peers, Tristan Maerz, Erin A Baker, Anil Shetty, Yang Xia, Steffan Puwal, David Marcantonio, David Keyes, Joseph Guettler
OBJECTIVE: To determine if T1ρ magnetic resonance imaging (T1ρ MRI) could assess early articular cartilage changes in knees of asymptomatic female collegiate athletes. It was hypothesized that impact cohort would demonstrate greater changes than nonimpact cohort. DESIGN: An institutional review board-approved prospective cohort study. Blinded MRI analyses. SETTING: Participants from collegiate athletic program. Imaging at university hospital, February 2008 to July 2009...
May 2014: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Antonio Frizziero, Maria G Benedetti, Domenico Creta, Antonio Moio, Stefano Galletti, Nicola Maffulli
An os acromiale (OA) arises from a fusion failure of the anterior acromial apophysis. This case report presents the successful management of a painful OA associated to rotator cuff impingement in a competitive swimmer, based on ultrasonographic diagnosis and conservative management. Rest from sport activity, oral anti-inflammatory drugs and previous attempt of treatment of shoulder pain were ineffective. After two months of conservative treatment consisting of avoidance of swimming, local anti-inflammatory, physical therapy with ice, strengthening exercises with elastic bands to strengthen the scapular stabilizing muscles, rotator cuff and lowering humeral head muscles, the patient was pain free and all specific clinical tests for impingement syndrome (Neer, Hawkins, Whipple and Yocum tests) were negative...
2012: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
S Shuster, J W Devine
The use of performance enhancing drugs among elite athletes has been in the headlines recently, particularly with Lance Armstrong's fall from grace and his admission about widespread doping. Many argue that the use of drugs confers an unfair advantage and is ultimately dangerous to the health of the athletes. Others, like Professor Shuster, argue that the use of drugs is no different from other techniques employed by athletes to boost their performance: swimmers shaving their body hair; skiers wearing sleek body armour; archers and shooters having laser eye surgery to improve their accuracy...
2013: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Kevin G Laudner, Jeffrey G Williams
OBJECTIVES: To determine the strength of the relationship between latissimus dorsi stiffness and altered scapular kinematics among swimmers. DESIGN: Cross sectional. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen NCAA Division III swimmers (7 male, 12 female) (age = 18.8 ± 0.9 years, height = 174.7 ± 8.9 cm, mass = 71.6 ± 11.9 kg) volunteered to participate. Subjects had no recent history of upper extremity pathology or any previous surgery...
February 2013: Physical Therapy in Sport
Saartje Defoort, N A Arnout, P D Debeer
Myositis ossificans is a rare condition characterized by non-neoplastic heterotopic bone formation in soft tissue and skeletal muscle. It is a benign and often self-limiting disease with no need for surgery. Here, we describe a young female swimmer with myositis ossificans circumscripta of the triceps due to overuse. Because of the benign character of the lesion, conservative treatment was initiated with rest and anti-inflammatory drugs. She obtained complete resolution after 6 months and was able to return to normal sporting activities...
January 2012: International Journal of Shoulder Surgery
Ashvin K Dewan, Juan Garzon-Muvdi, Steve A Petersen, Xiaofeng Jia, Edward G McFarland
BACKGROUND: The cause of shoulder pain and dysfunction in the overhead athlete can be variable. Several studies illustrate the wide variety of lesions seen at the time of arthroscopy in overhead athletes who require surgery but it is unclear whether these differ by sport. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We examined overhead athletes with shoulder dysfunction to determine (1) the range of arthroscopically visualized shoulder abnormalities with specific attention to the posterosuperior glenohumeral joint and the rotator cuff; and (2) the relationship of sport type to these abnormalities...
June 2012: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Scott R Montgomery, Neal C Chen, Scott A Rodeo
UNLABELLED: Shoulder pain is a common and difficult problem in competitive swimmers due to cumulative loads from repetitive overhead motion. Capsular laxity has been implicated as a potential etiology for shoulder pain in competitive swimmers. No study has examined the role of capsular plication in addressing recurrent shoulder pain in competitive swimmers. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively describe our series of competitive swimmers treated with arthroscopic capsular plication with a primary outcome of return to competitive swimming...
September 2010: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Safdar N Khan, Gregory Erickson, Matthew J Sena, Munish C Gupta
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the usefulness of flexion and extension radiographs of the cervical spine as a screening tool for the acute evaluation of ligamentous injury in cases of awake blunt trauma in patients with a negative cervical computed tomography scan. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of consecutive patient series. SETTING: Level I trauma center. PATIENTS: All patients admitted to an academic Level I trauma center over 12 months who sustained a blunt force injury and underwent flexion-extension radiography during hospitalization...
January 2011: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Klaus Bak
Shoulder pain is the most common musculoskeletal complaint in competitive swimmers. Problems with the shoulders of swimmers resemble that of the disabled thrower's shoulder, but the clinical findings and associated dysfunctions are not quite the same. Therefore, swimmers with shoulder pain should be evaluated and treated as a separate clinical entity, aimed toward underlying pathology and dysfunction. Balanced strength training of the rotator cuff, improvement of core stability, and correction of scapular dysfunction is central in treatment and prevention...
September 2010: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Casey J O'Donnell, Jay Bowen, Jeffrey Fossati
Shoulder pain resulting from glenohumeral instability is common among competitive swimmers. The biomechanics inherent to swimming promote muscular imbalances that stress the capsuloligamentous structures and contribute to shoulder instability. Most swimmers respond favorably to conservative treatment of rest and rehabilitation, while a small percentage may ultimately require surgical intervention. Swimmers who respond well to rehabilitation have a better prognosis for a successful return to swimming than those who require surgery...
September 2005: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Michael Fredericson, Charles Ho, Brandee Waite, Fabio Jennings, Jeffrey Peterson, Christina Williams, Gordon O Mathesonn
OBJECTIVE: To characterize abnormalities on magnetic resonance images (MRI) in the shoulder and wrist joints of asymptomatic elite athletes to better define the range of "normal" findings in this population. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Academic medical center. SUBJECTS: Division IA collegiate volleyball players (n=12), swimmers (n=6), and gymnasts (n=15) with no history of injury or pain and normal physical examination results...
February 2009: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Stephen John Thomas, Kathleen A Swanik, Charles Swanik, Kellie C Huxel
CONTEXT: Anterior instability and impingement are common in overhead athletes and have been associated with decreases in internal rotation (IR) and increases in external rotation (ER) motion. However, the chronology and the effect of different female sports on these conditions have yet to be determined. OBJECTIVE: To measure glenohumeral IR and ER rotation, total range of motion, and scapular position in female overhead athletes over a single competitive season...
May 2009: Journal of Athletic Training
Scott D Daffner, Alexander R Vaccaro
A wide range of pathologic conditions occur at the cervicothoracic junction. These conditions are usually the result of trauma, neoplastic processes, infection, prior surgery, or degenerative changes. Instability in this region of the spine is difficult to manage, particularly because of the complex biomechanics involved and the challenging surgical approaches required for treatment. Traditional radiologic evaluation of the cervicothoracic junction is often inadequate; as a result, the standard 3-view cervical spine series should be augmented with swimmer's or oblique views...
June 2002: American Journal of Orthopedics
E J Weldon, A B Richardson
Treatment of shoulder pain includes the following: 1. Avoid all painful activities. 2. A 2-week course of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication and ice. 3. Decreased anterior capsule stretching and increased posterior capsule stretching. 4. Increased rotator cuff exercise with emphasis on external rotators. 5. Scapular-positioning muscle exercises and increasing body roll. Shoulder pain can be prevented by the following: 1. Avoid all painful activities, and notify coach of shoulder pain immediately. 2. Do not use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications or ice on a chronic basis...
July 2001: Clinics in Sports Medicine
S Wentz, C Eberhardt, T Leonhard
From 1993 to 1997, 22 semi-professional athletes (14 men and 8 women), aged 18-33 years (mountain bike racers, soccer players, handball players, swimmers, and short distance runners) with a non-union of the middle third of the clavicle were treated operatively by reconstruction plating and bone grafting. Fourteen clavicular non-unions were caused by falls. Eight non-unions were the result of a car, motorcycle, or bicycle accident. There were 19 atrophic and 3 hypertrophic non-unions. In all patients, initially a figure-of-eight strap or a sling was used for immobilization and no radiographic union was documented within 5 months...
1999: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
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