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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315922/superior-perioperative-analgesia-with-combined-femoral-obturator-sciatic-nerve-block-in-comparison-with-posterior-lumbar-plexus-and-sciatic-nerve-block-for-acl-reconstructive-surgery
#1
Metaxia Bareka, Michael Hantes, Eleni Arnaoutoglou, George Vretzakis
PURPOSE: The purpose of this randomized controlled study is to compare and evaluate the intraoperative and post-operative outcome of PLPS nerve block and that of femoral, obturator and sciatic (FOS) nerve block as a method of anaesthesia, in performing ACL reconstruction. METHODS: Patients referred for elective arthroscopic ACL reconstruction using hamstring autograft were divided in two groups. The first group received combined femoral-obturator-sciatic nerve block (FOS Group) under dual guidance, whereas the second group received posterior lumbar plexus block under neurostimulation and sciatic nerve block (PLPS Group) under dual guidance...
March 18, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314415/epidemiology-of-facial-injuries-in-sport
#2
REVIEW
Amanda M Black, Paul H Eliason, Declan A Patton, Carolyn A Emery
Facial injuries can pose a large health burden for athletes, potentially resulting in time loss and surgery. This article reviews the incidence, common mechanisms, and risk factors of facial injuries in several sports globally. Estimates of facial injury rates are complicated by a lack of, or inconsistent, reporting on specific types of injury. Much of the epidemiologic literature is based on hospital-based injury surveillance and there is a paucity of literature examining sport-specific risk factors. Future research should focus on prospective injury surveillance methodologies with consistent injury definitions examining risk factors and the effectiveness of facial injury prevention efforts...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303382/a-rare-case-of-non-traumatic-multi-level-bilateral-pedicle-fractures-of-the-lumbar-spine-in-a-60-year-old-patient
#3
Timo Schmid, Paul Heini, Lorin Benneker
INTRODUCTION: We report a 60-year-old patient who sustained non-traumatic, multi-level, bilateral lumbar pedicle fractures in the setting of unilateral lumbar spondylolysis. A possible fracture mechanism is evaluated and a review of the literature is presented. Whereas contralateral pedicle fractures of lumbar vertebrae with unilateral spondylosis are well described in young athletes, there is only one case report of multi-level, bilateral pedicle fractures of the lumbar spine in a young patient who sustained a high-impact motorcycle accident...
March 16, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298064/radiographic-hip-anatomy-correlates-with-range-of-motion-and-symptoms-in-national-hockey-league-players
#4
Christopher M Larson, James R Ross, Andrew W Kuhn, Donnie Fuller, David M Rowley, M Russell Giveans, Rebecca M Stone, Asheesh Bedi
BACKGROUND: Hip disorders in athletes have been increasingly recognized. PURPOSE: To characterize radiographic hip anatomy for National Hockey League (NHL) players and correlate it with hip range of motion and hip symptoms and/or surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Fifty-nine professional hockey players (118 hips) with 1 NHL organization (mean age, 24.2 years; range, 18-36) prospectively underwent history and physician examination by 2 independent orthopaedic surgeons...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291142/lower-extremity-avulsion-fractures-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-athlete
#5
Jonathan Schiller, Steven DeFroda, Travis Blood
Lower extremity avulsion fractures are uncommon in the pediatric population and can be misdiagnosed without proper imaging and/or clinical suspicion for these injuries. The most common locations of avulsion injuries are the ischial tuberosity, anterior superior iliac spine, and anterior inferior iliac spine. Less often, avulsion fractures occur in the tibial tubercle, calcaneus, and greater and lesser trochanters. When treated properly with rest and altered weight bearing, most of these injuries heal without complication...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290970/severe-systemic-lead-toxicity-resulting-from-extra-articular-retained-shrapnel-presenting-as-jaundice-and-hepatitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Ian A Grasso, Matthew R Blattner, Tyler Short, John W Downs
INTRODUCTION: Despite greater than 60,000 nonfatal firearm injuries per year in the United States, retained shrapnel is a relatively rare cause of systemic lead toxicity with less than 100 cases reported in the medical literature since 1867. While intra-articular retained shrapnel as a cause of lead toxicity is well-described, extra-articular fragments are less well known to cause symptomatic disease. CASE REPORT: A 31-year-old man initially presented with abdominal pain, constipation, jaundice, and elevated liver transaminases approximately 3 weeks after suffering a left lower extremity injury during athletic activity...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284723/prevalence-of-surgical-repair-for-athletic-pubalgia-and-impact-on-performance-in-football-athletes-participating-in-the-national-football-league-combine
#7
Derrick M Knapik, Jeremy J Gebhart, Shane J Nho, Joseph E Tanenbaum, James E Voos, Michael J Salata
PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence and impact of athletic pubalgia (AP) surgery in elite American football athletes participating in the National Football League (NFL) Combine. METHODS: Results from 1,311 athletes participating in the Combine from 2012 to 2015 were evaluated. Athletes with a history of AP repair were identified using the NFL Combine Database. Athlete history and available imaging was reviewed. NFL performance based on draft status, games played, games started, and current status in the NFL was gathered using publicly available databases...
March 8, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278401/avoiding-tommy-john-surgery
#8
Brian J Rebolledo, Jeffrey R Dugas, Asheesh Bedi, Michael G Ciccotti, David W Altchek, Joshua S Dines
The number of ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstructions being performed has risen sharply in recent years, most notably in the young amateur athlete. While successful outcomes have been reported with reconstruction, the surgery and the associated rehabilitation timeline may be difficult for the nonelite athlete to incur. Return-to-play expectations, along with level of competition, should help guide surgeons in exploring management options. While reconstruction remains a mainstay, focused research exploring nonreconstructive options has expanded...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272928/prospective-clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-after-concomitant-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-and-meniscal-allograft-transplantation-at-a-mean-5-year-follow-up
#9
Bryan M Saltzman, Maximilian A Meyer, Alexander E Weber, Sarah G Poland, Adam B Yanke, Brian J Cole
BACKGROUND: Concomitant anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and meniscal allograft transplantation (ACLR/MAT) has demonstrated short-term success in small, retrospective cohort studies. Patient- and disease-specific predictors of success after ACLR/MAT are largely unknown. PURPOSE: To (1) prospectively evaluate the subjective and objective clinical and radiographic outcomes after ACLR/MAT and (2) conduct a subgroup analysis to identify patient- or disease-related factors that correlate with failure...
March 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259710/no-beneficial-effect-of-bracing-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-a-cohort-of-969-athletes-followed-in-rehabilitation
#10
P Bordes, E Laboute, A Bertolotti, J F Dalmay, P Puig, P Trouve, E Verhaegue, P A Joseph, P Dehail, M De Seze
OBJECTIVE: Compare the clinical outcomes of different knee braces in the early phase of rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective database study of athletes during early rehabilitation in a tertiary referral hospital between 1 February 2008 and 30 October 2010 after ACLR using bone patellar tendon bone (BPTB) or hamstring autograft. Differences in mid-patellar knee circumference, pain, and range of motion were assessed at admission...
March 1, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259114/injury-to-perineal-branch-of-pudendal-nerve-in-women-outcome-from-resection-of-the-perineal-branches
#11
Eric L Wan, Andrew T Goldstein, Hillary Tolson, A Lee Dellon
Background This study describes outcomes from a new surgical approach to treat "anterior" pudendal nerve symptoms in women by resecting the perineal branches of the pudendal nerve (PBPN). Methods Sixteen consecutive female patients with pain in the labia, vestibule, and perineum, who had positive diagnostic pudendal nerve blocks from 2012 through 2015, are included. The PBPN were resected and implanted into the obturator internus muscle through a paralabial incision. The mean age at surgery was 49.5 years (standard deviation [SD] = 11...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251168/return-to-play-after-forearm-and-hand-injuries-in-the-national-basketball-association
#12
Kyle W Morse, Krystle A Hearns, Michelle Gerwin Carlson
BACKGROUND: Hand injuries can result in significant time away from competition for professional basketball players. Time to return to play after hand injuries in elite athletes has not been well described. PURPOSE: To report the return to play from metacarpal fractures, phalangeal fractures, and thumb ligament tears in National Basketball Association (NBA) players over a 5-year period. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: The NBA transaction report was analyzed from January 2009 to May 2014...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248042/-comparative-effectiveness-of-marmar-technique-and-laparoscopic-clipping-of-testicular-vein-in-surgical-treatment-of-varicocele-in-athletes
#13
A S Samoylov, A G Martov, P S Kyzlasov, M V Zabelin, A A Kazhera
INTRODUCTION: Varicocele is one of the most common diseases among men and a proven cause of male infertility, which is directly proportional to its clinical prominence. The aim To evaluate the immediate and long-term outcomes of different surgical methods to treat varicocele in athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 165 athletes were treated for varicocele. Of them, 82 patients (group 1) underwent varicocele surgery using Marmar technique and 83 patients (group 2) were treated by laparoscopic clipping of testicular vein (endoscopic analogue of Ivanissevitch open surgery)...
December 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246566/treating-early-knee-osteoarthritis-with-the-atlas%C3%A2-unicompartmental-knee-system-in-a-26-year-old-ex-professional-basketball-player-a-case-study
#14
Konrad Slynarski, Lukasz Lipinski
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability among adults. Within the affected population, there exists a group of patients who have exhausted conservative treatment options and yet are not ideal candidates for current surgical treatments due to young age, early disease severity, or neutral mechanical knee alignment. For these patients, a new potential treatment option may be considered. We present an interesting case report of a young, ex-professional athlete treated with a minimally invasive load-altering implant (Atlas System) whose young age (26 years), disease status (tibiofemoral kissing lesions), and neutral mechanical limb alignment eliminated all traditional surgical treatment options such as high tibial osteotomy or arthroplasty...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229181/endoscopic-surgery-in-athletes-with-a-symptomatic-calcaneal-lipoma
#15
P D'Hooghe, B Krivokapic, P Dzendrowskyj, K Hassoun, B Bukva, P Landreau
PURPOSE: This study shows that endoscopy is an effective treatment modality for athletes with a symptomatic calcaneal lipoma. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2016, five professional athletes with symptomatic calcaneal lipoma underwent endoscopic-assisted curettage and bone graft treatment. Lipoma size was measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and rated using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Scale (AOFAS). All athletes were followed up for 12 months postoperatively and monitored on return to previous activity level...
February 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224443/report-of-the-clinical-and-functional-primary-outcomes-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-trial-similar-outcomes-in-men-receiving-secondary-prevention-with-and-without-perturbation-training-1-and-2-years-after-acl-reconstruction
#16
Amelia J H Arundale, Kathleen Cummer, Jacob J Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Athletes often are cleared to return to activities 6 months after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction; however, knee function measures continue to improve up to 2 years after surgery. Interventions beyond standard care may facilitate successful return to preinjury activities and improve functional outcomes. Perturbation training has been used in nonoperative ACL injury and preoperative ACL reconstruction rehabilitation, but has not been examined in postoperative ACL reconstruction rehabilitation, specifically return to sport rehabilitation...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224063/the-8-strand-hamstring-autograft-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#17
Kunbo Park, Christopher M Brusalis, Theodore J Ganley
Growing participation in youth athletics has resulted in increased numbers of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in skeletally immature patients. Use of autogenous graft material has been associated with improved graft survival. However, pediatric patients sometimes possess hamstring tendons that produce smaller-diameter grafts than those prepared with adult autogenous materials. Smaller-diameter grafts may predispose younger patients to graft failure. We describe a technique that increases the diameter of the ACL construct through the use of an 8-strand autologous hamstring tendon graft...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222210/snapping-hip-syndrome-systematic-review-of-surgical-treatment
#18
Gabriele Potalivo, Walter Bugiantella
The snapping hip (SH) syndrome is characterised by an audible snapping, often accompanied by pain, which usually occurs with the flexion and extension of the hip during exercise or ordinary daily activities.The causes of SH can be classified as external, internal and intraarticular. The prevalence of asymptomatic SH in the population is unknown and the incidence of symptomatic cases is not well-defined. The painless snapping in the hip is common in the general population; the symptomatic SH with debilitating pain and weakness is often seen in those who take part in activities such as ballet and running hurdles...
February 18, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217571/returning-to-sport-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-amateur-sports-men-a-retrospective-study
#19
Angela Notarnicola, Giuseppe Maccagnano, Federico Barletta, Leonardo Ascatigno, Leopoldo Astuto, Antonio Panella, Silvio Tafuri, Biagio Moretti
BACKGROUND: According to the literature, 95% of professional athletes return to their sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery. The main objective of this study was to verify the return to sport after ACL reconstruction in a homogenous group of amateur sportsmen and sportswomen in a series of Italian patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed a retrospective study in which we analyzed the amateur sports patients operated for ACL reconstruction...
October 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217564/arthroscopic-treatment-of-shoulder-instability-in-professional-athletes
#20
Andrea Pantalone, Daniele Vanni, Matteo Guelfi, Michele Di Mauro, Michele Abate, Vincenzo Salini
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic shoulder instability is a common disease, especially in sportsmen. If inadequately or late treated, it may be responsible for an articular biomechanics alteration, with serious problems. This is much more obvious for professionals athletes, because corporate and market needs force them to a premature return to sport. The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate if arthroscopic approach may be better than the open one and allowing a shoulder function rapid recovery, with fast return to sport...
October 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
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