keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Paediatric and Anaesthesia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054560/transcultural-adaptation-into-spanish-of-the-induction-compliance-checklist-for-assessing-children-s-behaviour-during-induction-of-anaesthesia
#1
Carmen Jerez-Molina, Juan J Lázaro-Alcay, Ana M Ullán-de la Fuente
OBJECTIVE: Cross-cultural adaptation into Spanish of the Induction Compliance Checklist (ICC) for assessing children's behaviour during induction of anaesthesia. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional observational study was conducted on a sample of 81 children aged 2 to 12 years operated in an ambulatory surgery unit of a paediatric hospital in Barcelona. Adaptation by translation-back translation of the tool and analysis of the scale's validity and reliability...
October 17, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051328/how-does-sevoflurane-induction-followed-by-a-ketamine-maintenance-infusion-affect-intraocular-pressure-establishment-of-an-anaesthetic-protocol-for-paediatric-glaucoma-examinations-under-anaesthesia
#2
Jessica Gwendoline van der Walt, Francois Roodt, Christopher Tinley
Accurate measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) is essential in paediatric glaucoma management. Children require serial measurements and examination under anaesthesia (EUA). Most anaesthetic agents reduce IOP, and the ideal time to measure IOP under anaesthesia is questionable. STUDY PURPOSE: To determine the effect of sevoflurane induction, followed by intravenous ketamine infusion on IOP, in children undergoing EUA for glaucoma or suspected glaucoma, and to establish the earliest time point at which reliable, repeatable IOP measurements can be obtained under anaesthesia...
October 19, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045577/drug-safety-in-paediatric-anaesthesia
#3
J Kaufmann, A R Wolf, K Becke, M Laschat, F Wappler, T Engelhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028915/point-of-care-paediatric-gastric-sonography-can-antral-cut-off-values-be-used-to-diagnose-an-empty-stomach
#4
J J Moser, A M Walker, A O Spencer
Background: Gastric sonography is emerging as a valuable clinical point-of-care tool to assess aspiration risk. A recent study proposed that a single cut-off cross-sectional area (CSA) in the supine position could diagnose an empty stomach in the parturient. This study establishes the sensitivity and specificity of a single CSA cut-off measurement in both supine and right lateral decubitus (RLD) positions in the diagnosis of an empty antrum in paediatric patients. Methods: Following induction of anaesthesia, antral sonography was performed in supine and RLD positions in 100 fasted paediatric patients prior to upper endoscopic evaluation...
September 27, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971804/a-randomised-trial-to-compare-truview-pcd-%C3%A2-c-mac-%C3%A2-and-macintosh-laryngoscopes-in-paediatric-airway-management
#5
Ranju Singh, Nishant Kumar, Aruna Jain
AIM: To evaluate and compare the Truview PCD and C-MAC laryngoscopes to the standard Macintosh laryngoscope in paediatric patients. METHODS: One hundred and fifty ASA I-II patients in the age group of 1-6 years (10-20 kg) scheduled for elective surgery were randomised into three equal groups for laryngoscopy and intubation with either Truview PCD (Group T), C-MAC (Group C) or Macintosh (Group M) laryngoscopes under general anaesthesia. Percentage of glottic opening (POGO) score, application of external laryngeal manoeuvre, time to intubation, number of attempts at intubation, failed intubations, episodes of desaturation and trauma caused were recorded and statistically analysed...
June 2017: Asian J Anesthesiol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970636/post-cardiac-transplant-recipient-implications-for-anaesthesia
#6
REVIEW
Minati Choudhury
The annual heart transplant rate is gradually increasing worldwide. A proportion of this patient population present for an elective or emergency surgery which may or may not be related to the transplanted heart. A MEDLINE search for heart transplant, anaesthesia, adult, paediatric and surgery was conducted to review anaesthetic management for heart transplant recipients. Anaesthesia and perioperative management are different in these cases. A thorough understanding of the physiology of denervated heart, post-transplant morbidities and pharmacology of immunosuppressants is essential for best perioperative management and improved post-operative outcome...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969320/isoflurane-exposure-for-three-hours-triggers-apoptotic-cell-death-in-neonatal-macaque-brain
#7
K K Noguchi, S A Johnson, G A Dissen, L D Martin, F M Manzella, K J Schenning, J W Olney, A M Brambrink
Background: Retrospective clinical studies suggest there is a risk for neurodevelopmental impairment following early childhood exposure to anaesthesia. In the developing animal brain, including those of non-human primates (NHPs), anaesthetics induce apoptotic cell death. We previously reported that a 5 h isoflurane (ISO) exposure in infant NHPs increases apoptosis 13-fold compared with control animals. However, the majority of paediatric surgeries requiring anaesthesia are of shorter durations...
September 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969317/dexmedetomidine-mediated-neuroprotection-against-sevoflurane-induced-neurotoxicity-extends-to-several-brain-regions-in-neonatal-rats
#8
J F Perez-Zoghbi, W Zhu, M R Grafe, A M Brambrink
Background: Exposure of infant animals to clinically used anaesthetics is associated with acute structural brain abnormalities and development functional alterations. The α 2 -adrenoceptor agonist dexmedetomidine (DEX) induces sedation, analgesia, and provides neuroprotection in experimental brain injury models. However, it is unknown whether DEX also affords protection in the developing brain against anaesthesia using sevoflurane (SEVO), which is commonly used in paediatric anaesthesia...
September 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969311/how-big-data-shape-paediatric-anaesthesia
#9
J C de Graaff, T Engelhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969310/what-do-recent-human-studies-tell-us-about-the-association-between-anaesthesia-in-young-children-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes
#10
J D O'Leary, D O Warner
Anaesthetic and sedative drugs transiently disrupt normal neural activity to facilitate healthcare procedures in children, but they can also cause long-term brain injury in experimental animal models. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently advised that repeated or lengthy exposures to anaesthetic and sedative drugs prior to 3 yr of age have the potential to harm the development of children's brains and added warnings to these drug labels. Paediatric anaesthesia toxicity could represent a significant public health issue, and concern about this potential injury in children has become an important issue for families, paediatric clinicians and healthcare regulators...
September 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969235/super-refractory-status-epilepticus-a-therapeutic-challenge-in-paediatrics
#11
Shrikiran Aroor, Kanaparthi Shravan, Suneel C Mundkur, C Jayakrishnan, Sai Sripad Rao
A status epilepticus which persists for 24 hours or more after starting treatment with anaesthesia or has recurred inspite of general anaesthesia is known as Super-Refractory Status Epilepticus (SRSE). It includes cases where status epilepticus recurs on reduction or withdrawal of anaesthesia. SRSE, though infrequently seen, constitutes a medical emergency due to the associated high morbidity and mortality. No clear cut guidelines are available till date for the management of SRSE. Most of the published literature was case reports and expert opinion...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963743/community-health-centre-based-outreach-clinic-for-undergraduate-dental-education-experience-in-helsinki-over-8%C3%A2-years
#12
S Goswami, T Karaharju-Suvanto, M Kaila, B Tseveenjav
INTRODUCTION: The University Dental Clinic of the City of Helsinki (UDC) developed a Community Health Centre-Based Outreach Clinic, with emphasis on paediatric dentistry. This study aimed to summarise the experiences and explore the student perspectives of the health centre-based outreach teaching clinic. METHODS: The study data were from the years 2010 to 2016. The dental procedures carried out by the third- to fifth-year dental students were based on electronic health record of patients...
September 30, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946059/pregabalin-as-adjunct-in-a-multimodal-pain-therapy-after-traumatic-foot-amputation-a-case-report-of-a-4-year-old-girl
#13
Stephanie Wössner, Kirsten Weber, Anna C Steinbeck, Markus Oberhauser, Matthias Feuerecker
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report is to describe a multimodal pain therapeutic concept including the adjunct use of pregabalin in a 4.5 year-old child after forefoot amputation. Phantom limb pain and sensation is a complex pain syndrome that is difficult to treat and prevent. 70-75% of all children develop such a pain syndrome after amputation. We describe here a paediatric patient who underwent forefoot amputation following traumatic foot injury and received multimodal pain therapy including pregabalin...
September 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910997/paediatric-nuclear-medicine-imaging
#14
Lorenzo Biassoni, Marina Easty
Background: Nuclear medicine imaging explores tissue viability and function by using radiotracers that are taken up at cellular level with different mechanism. This imaging technique can also be used to assess blood flow and transit through tubular organs. Nuclear medicine imaging has been used in paediatrics for decades and this field is continuously evolving. Sources of data: The data presented comes from clinical experience and some milestone papers on the subject...
September 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901121/siaarti-sarnepi-clinical-organizational-standards-for-paediatric-anaesthesia
#15
Nicola Disma, Edoardo Calderini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887807/feasibility-of-multiplane-microtransoesophageal-echocardiographic-guidance-in-structural-heart-disease-transcatheter-interventions-in-adults
#16
V J Nijenhuis, A Alipour, N C Wunderlich, B J W M Rensing, G Gijsbers, J M Ten Berg, M J Suttorp, L V A Boersma, J A S van der Heyden, M J Swaans
INTRODUCTION: Structural heart interventions are guided by transoesophageal or intracardiac echocardiography (TEE/ICE). MicroTEE, developed for paediatric purposes, is smaller and therefore less invasive and traumatic, avoiding the need for general anaesthesia. We aimed to show feasibility of procedural guidance by comparing image quality of microTEE with standard TEE and ICE during adult transcatheter interventions, and assess the accuracy in obtaining left atrial appendage (LAA) measurements between the microTEE probe and standard TEE...
September 8, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882136/lessons-learned-on-recruitment-and-retention-in-hard-to-reach-families-in-a-phase-iii-randomised-controlled-trial-of-preparatory-information-for-children-undergoing-general-anaesthesia
#17
C Huntington, J Timothy Newton, N Donaldson, C Liossi, P A Reynolds, R Alharatani, M T Hosey
BACKGROUND: Recruitment and retention are documented as two of the most difficult elements of conducting clinical trials. These issues are even more challenging in paediatric trials, particularly when the families being recruited and retained are deemed 'hard to reach'. METHODS: Through the authors' own reflection on the conduct of the trial this paper examines recruitment and retention with hard to reach families from the perspective of a recently completed clinical trial on preparatory information for children undergoing general anaesthesia for tooth extractions in which approximately 83% of those approached and eligible agreed to participate...
September 7, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876667/evaluation-of-thoracoscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-diaphragmatic-injuries-in-penetrating-thoracoabdominal-trauma-without-lung-deflation-at-dr-george-mukhari-academic-hospital
#18
L Nsakala
BACKGROUND: With a mortality estimated at 25% when missed, diaphragmatic injuries due to penetrating thoracoabdominal trauma present a diagnostic challenge for both the radiologist and the surgeon. In the current literature, chest x-ray has a sensitivity of 27-60% for left-sided injuries and only 17% for right-sided injuries while, CT scan has a sensitivity of 14-61% and a specificity of 76-99%. Thoracoscopy using a single lung ventilation is one of the modalities of choice for the diagnosis of these injuries with a specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 87...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870163/comparison-of-the-supreme%C3%A2-and-proseal%C3%A2-laryngeal-mask-airways-in-infants-a-prospective-randomised-clinical-study
#19
Sibel Oba, Hacer Sebnem Turk, Canan Tulay Isil, Huseyin Erdogan, Pinar Sayin, Ali Ihsan Dokucu
BACKGROUND: The Supreme™ and ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airways (LMAs) are widely used in paediatric anaesthesia; however, LMA use in infants is limited because many anaesthesiologists prefer to use tracheal intubation in infants. In this study, we compared the Supreme and ProSeal LMAs in infants by measuring their performance characteristics, including insertion features, ventilation parameters, induced changes in haemodynamics and rates of postoperative complications. METHODS: Infants of ASA physical status I scheduled for elective, minor, lower abdominal surgery were divided into two groups: the Supreme LMA group and the ProSeal LMA group...
September 5, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819468/paediatric-fractures-in-a-sub-saharan-tertiary-care-center-a-cohort-analysis-of-demographic-characteristics-clinical-presentation-therapeutic-patterns-and-outcomes
#20
Marc Leroy Guifo, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Blondel Nana Oumarou, Jean Roger Moulion Tapouh, Aristide Guy Bang, Aurelien Ndoumbe, Bonaventure Jemea, Maurice Aurelien Sosso
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric fractures are often of good prognosis due to auto-correction of insufficient fracture reduction by bone remodeling. In sub-Saharan Africa, traditional healers are renowned for managing fractures and there is a neglect for specialized pediatric fracture care. We aimed to determine the demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, treatment patterns and outcomes of paediatric fractures in a tertiary health care centre in Yaoundé. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of all consenting consecutive cases of fractures in patients younger than 16 years managed between January 2011 and June 2015 at the University Teaching Hospital, Cameroon...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
58259
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"