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Allergy in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788917/parental-reported-allergic-disorders-and-emergency-department-presentations-for-allergy-in-the-first-five-years-of-life-a-longitudinal-birth-cohort
#1
Gerben Keijzers, Amy Sweeny, Julia Crilly, Norm Good, Cate M Cameron, Gabor Mihala, Rani Scott, Paul A Scuffham
BACKGROUND: To measure rates of parental-report of allergic disorders and ED presentations for allergic disorders in children, and to describe factors associated with either. METHODS: An existing cohort of 3404 children born between 2006 and 2011 (Environments for Healthy Living) with prospectively collected pre-natal, perinatal and follow-up data were linked to i) nationwide Medicare and pharmaceutical data and ii) Emergency Department (ED) data from four hospitals in Australia...
May 22, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788794/development-and-implementation-of-an-allergic-reaction-reporting-tool-for-school-health-personnel-a-pilot-study-of-three-chicago-schools
#2
Ozge N Aktas, Lauren M Kao, Alice Hoyt, Mary Siracusa, Rebekah Maloney, Ruchi S Gupta
Food allergy (FA) impacts 8% of children in the United States, thus it is critical to document allergic reactions in order to assist schools in managing FAs. We aimed to develop an online tool to assist school health personnel in tracking the characteristics of all allergic reactions occurring at schools. The Online School Allergic Reaction Registry (OScARR) was developed and implemented in three Chicago schools during the 2016-2017 school year. All allergic reactions occurring at participating schools were recorded by school nurses during this phase...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788022/hospitalizations-in-children-with-a-penicillin-allergy-label-an-assessment-of-healthcare-impact
#3
Bernardo Sousa-Pinto, Luís Araújo, Alberto Freitas, Luís Delgado
BACKGROUND: Beta-lactam allergy is overdiagnosed. Diagnosis of penicillin allergy has been associated with a greater use of hospital resources and an increased risk of antibiotic-resistant infections, although this issue remains poorly studied in children. We aimed to compare patient characteristics and use of hospital resources in hospitalized children with and without a record of penicillin allergy. METHODS: We identified all hospitalizations in children labelled as being allergic to penicillin in a database containing all hospitalizations in Portuguese public hospitals between 2000 and 2014, and compared these with a similar number of age-, sex-, and main diagnosis-matched hospitalizations without a penicillin allergy label...
May 22, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783251/prevalence-of-risk-factors-of-allergic-diseases-among-children-aged-8-9-years-in-poltava-region-the-results-of-the-first-stage-of-the-research
#4
Tetyana O Kryuchko, Iryna A Holovanova, Olha Y Tkachenko, Mariya O Melnyk, Kateryna V Pocheniuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: According to the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (EAACI, 2016), allergy is the most common chronic disease in Europe. The aim: The aim of the investigation is to study the spread of risk factors of allergic reactions in children who are 8-9 years old of Poltava region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The investigation included two stages: the 1st contained interviewing; the 2nd one - additional clinical and lab investigation of children, who require the further diagnosis specification...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780794/pediatric-scurvy-when-contemporary-eating-habits-bring-back-the-past
#5
Alice Brambilla, Cristina Pizza, Donatella Lasagni, Lucia Lachina, Massimo Resti, Sandra Trapani
Vitamin C deficiency is anecdotal in developed countries, mainly associated with underling clinical morbidities as autism or neurological impairment. Chronic insufficient dietary supply is responsible for vascular fragility and impaired bone formation, resulting in gingival bleeding, petechial lesions, articular and bone pain or limb swelling. Children may present anorexia, irritability, failure to thrive, limping or refusal to walk. Accordingly, pediatric scurvy is frequently misdiagnosed with osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, bone and soft tissue tumor, leukemia, bleeding disorders, and rheumatologic conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777628/allergy-in-the-elderly-case-note-review
#6
N J Gray, E L Redshaw, D Isaacs, M D Tarzi, H E Smith, A J Frew
The prevalence of IgE-mediated disease increased significantly during the 20th century. In developed countries, about 20% of people have atopic disease, which consumes significant amounts of healthcare funding. For example, in UK general practice, allergic conditions account for 6% of consultations and ~10% of prescribing costs [1]. Whilst most studies of allergy focus on children and adolescents, relatively little has been written about allergy in older people, although food allergy may be increasingly common in this group [2]...
May 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775037/recommendations-for-safe-vaccination-in-children-at-the-risk-of-taking-allergic-reactions-to-vaccine-components
#7
(no author information available yet)
Vaccines are one of the most important advances in medicine as a public health tool for the control of immunopreventable diseases. Occasionally, adverse reactions may occur. If a child has a reaction to a vaccine, it is likely to disrupt his immunization schedule with risks to himself and the community. This establishes the importance of correctly diagnosing a possible allergy and defining appropriate behavior. Allergic reactions to vaccines may be due to the immunogenic component, to the residual proteins in the manufacturing process and to antimicrobial agents, stabilizers, preservatives and any other element used in the manufacturing process...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775033/guidelines-for-clinical-practice-hymenoptera-sting-allergy-in-children-2017-update
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773698/protocol-for-the-validation-of-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-cow-s-milk-related-symptom-score-comiss-against-open-food-challenge-in-a-single-blinded-prospective-multicentre-trial-in-infants
#9
Yvan Vandenplas, Rajat Mukherjee, Christophe Dupont, Philippe Eigenmann, Arne Høst, Mikael Kuitunen, Carmen Ribes-Koninkx, Neil Shah, Hania Szajewska, Andrea von Berg, Ralf G Heine, Zheng-Yan Zhao
INTRODUCTION: The symptoms of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) in infancy can be non-specific which may delay a correct diagnosis and cause adverse clinical outcomes. The diagnosis of non-IgE-mediated CMPA is particularly complex as it involves a 2 to 4 week elimination diet followed by oral food challenge (OFC). The Cow's Milk-related Symptom Score (CoMiSS) is a clinical resource for primary healthcare providers which aims to increase awareness of CMPA symptoms to facilitate an earlier diagnosis...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771760/cutaneous-manifestations-of-nutritional-deficiency
#10
Ramrada Lekwuttikarn, Joyce M C Teng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Childhood malnutrition is a major global health issue. It is often thought of as a developing world problem and therefore, underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed in developed countries. The delay in diagnosis and treatment can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Cutaneous manifestations are often the initial presenting signs of nutritional deficiency. Early recognition is essential in timely initiation of the necessary interventions. This article will review pertinent cutaneous findings and systemic manifestations associated with common nutritional deficiencies...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771597/concordance-between-survey-reported-childhood-asthma-and-linked-medicaid-administrative-records
#11
Benjamin Zablotsky, Lindsey I Black
OBJECTIVE: Agreement between administrative and survey data has been shown to vary by the condition of interest and there is limited research dedicated to parental report of asthma among children. The current study assesses the concordance between parent-reported asthma from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) with Medicaid administrative claims data among linkage eligible children from the NHIS. METHODS: Medicaid Analytic eXtract (MAX) files from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) (years 2000-2005) were linked to participants of the NHIS (years 2001-2005)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769471/-ministry-of-health-2015-penultimate-year-children-and-survey-and-research-project-promoting-the-parenting-support-actual-conditions-report-on-the-results-of-the-investigation-on-allergy-control-in-day-care-centers-admissions-children-of-allergic-diseases-situation
#12
Noriyuki Yanagida, Motohiro Ebisawa, Toshio Katsunuma, Jyoji Yoshizawa
BACKGROUND: There are no reports on the prevalence and social acceptance of food allergies (FAs) and FAinduced symptoms in nursery schools in Japan. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to clarify the current status of FA among children in nurseries. METHODS: Investigations were conducted in childcare facilities nationwide through survey request forms found on the Web page or sent via post. RESULT: We received responses from 15722 out of the 32210 institutions (48...
2018: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768461/pet-keeping-in-childhood-and-asthma-and-allergy-among-children-in-tianjin-area-china
#13
Shugang Luo, Yuexia Sun, Jing Hou, Xiangrui Kong, Pan Wang, Qingnan Zhang, Jan Sundell
This study aims to find out the relationship between pet keeping in childhood and asthma and allergy among children aged 0-8 years old in Tianjin, China. Parental or guardians reports of 7360 children were analyzed. 1490 (21.6%) families kept pets at the time of the survey (current), among them 4.0% cats, and 14.7% dogs. For the first year of life of children (early), 1196 (18.4%) families kept pets, and among them 3.2% cats, and 13.7% dogs. Exposure to a pet in early childhood significantly increased the risk of current wheeze, current dry cough, and diagnosed rhinitis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766369/nutritional-issues-in-food-allergy
#14
REVIEW
Isabel J Skypala, Rebecca McKenzie
Diet and nutrition play an important role in the development and management of food allergy. The diet of expectant mothers can have an effect on their offspring in terms of allergic outcomes. A host of confounding factors may influence this, with a maternal diet rich in fruits and vegetables, fish, vitamin D-rich foods associated with a lower risk of allergic disease in their children. More surprisingly, the consumption of milk and butter has also been shown to have a protective effect, especially in a farm environment...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764459/health-related-quality-of-life-by-allergy-symptoms-in-elementary-school-students
#15
Sang-Kyu Kim, Min-Woo Jo, Seon-Ha Kim
BACKGROUND: Globally, allergic diseases are very common in childhood and may affect children's quality of life. This study aimed to explore health-related quality of life of elementary school students with allergy symptoms using the EQ-5D-Y and to examine the validity and feasibility of the EQ-5D-Y. METHODS: The study subjects were the students within 50 elementary schools which voluntarily participated in research project. In this sample population, the EQ-5D-Y questionnaire was self-administered by the students, and demographic and health information were collected from the student's parents...
May 15, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763349/molar-incisor-hypomineralization-positive-correlation-with-atopic-dermatitis-and-food-allergies
#16
Miguel Hernandez, Juan Boj, Enric Espasa, Paloma Planells, Benjamin Peretz
AIM: Molar-incisor hypomineralization is a disturbance in dental development that involves first permanent molars as well as permanent incisors with a prevalence that ranges from 2.5% to 40%. The objective of this study was to investigate the etiology of molar-incisor hypomineralization among school children from two randomly selected towns in the province of Barcelona, Spain. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 705 children ranging in age from six years-old to 14 years and 11 months-old...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762208/prevalence-of-atopic-dermatitis-and-pattern-of-drug-therapy-in-malaysian-children
#17
Yi-Yeong Goh, Fazlollah Keshavarzi, Yik Ling Chew
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing, noncontagious skin inflammation characterized by dry skin and itch. Mutation in filaggrin gene leads to defective skin barrier, allowing entry of allergen and eliciting immunological response. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of AD in Malaysian children and to understand the pattern of drug therapy. Such information could be useful to establish the relationship between ethnicity and family history of atopy and the development of associated signs and symptoms...
May 2018: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760612/trends-in-folic-acid-supplementation-during-pregnancy-the-effect-on-allergy-development-in-children
#18
Anna Socha-Banasiak, Barbara Kamer, Krzysztof Pacześ, Barbara Ślusarek, Bartosz Pawlikowski, Elżbieta Czkwianianc
Introduction: The results of some previous studies suggested that maternal folate supplementation during pregnancy may contribute to allergy development in offspring. Aim: This study was performed to examine the influence of maternal folic acid intake prior to and during pregnancy on the development of various types of allergy in children taking into account the timing and dosage of supplemented folate. Material and methods: The retrospective study was performed between 2010 and 2014 in 307 child-mother pairs (203 allergic children and 104 children without allergy symptoms, aged 2-72 months)...
April 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759659/the-global-development-and-clinical-efficacy-of-sublingual-tablet-immunotherapy-for-allergic-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Hendrik Nolte, Jennifer Maloney
Allergy immunotherapy (AIT) is a treatment option for respiratory allergy that is complementary to pharmacotherapy, with a distinct mechanism of action. Alternative methods to subcutaneous administration of AIT that enable patients to safely self-administer AIT is considered an unmet clinical need. The sublingual immunotherapy tablet (SLIT-tablet) is an orally disintegrating pharmaceutical formulation (oral lyophilisate) containing standardized allergens. SLIT-tablets have been developed for sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) of cedar-pollen, grass-pollen, ragweed-pollen, tree-pollen, and house dust mite allergies...
May 12, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758291/dr-elliot-f-ellis-initiating-personalized-asthma-management-in-children
#20
Stanley J Szefler
Elliot F. Ellis is indeed a giant in the field of allergy and immunology. From his leadership role in developing a pediatric allergy and immunology fellowship at National Jewish Health and his seminal work in theophylline pharmacokinetics, he trained many excellent clinicians and researchers. He assumed the role of Chair of Pediatrics at the Children's Hospital of Buffalo in 1974 and transformed that training program in pediatrics to a top-rated program in the country along with his own training program in allergy and immunology...
May 11, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
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