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Allergy in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323676/impact-of-elimination-diets-on-nutrition-and-growth-in-children-with-multiple-food-allergies
#1
Carina Venter, Alessandra Mazzocchi, Kate Maslin, Carlo Agostoni
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Growth and nutritional intake of children with cows' milk allergy and other food allergens has been thoroughly investigated in recent years across many different countries and age groups. An impaired growth in atopic children should not be attributed only to a high number of allergens and foods to be avoided, but to a general condition of 'sub-inflammation', which unfavorably affects the absorption and utilization of fuel and substrates. Atopic study participants may represent a good target for personalized nutrition and in this review we sought to outline many of the issues that should be taken into account when dietitians advise patients regarding food avoidance and expected effects on growth...
March 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319482/immunotherapy-for-food-allergy
#2
William R Reisacher, Wesley Davison
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review discusses strategies for administering specific immunotherapy (SIT) for the treatment of food allergy. It focuses on three delivery routes for food allergens, immunomodulatory adjuvants and allergen modifications. RECENT FINDINGS: Interest in SIT for food allergy has been increasing significantly. Sublingual immunotherapy is effective for desensitization with a very favorable adverse event profile. Epicutaneous immunotherapy is also effective, most notably in younger children, with a high rate of local reactions...
March 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306200/cross-sectional-study-about-impact-of-parental-smoking-on-rhinitis-symptoms-in-children
#3
Ana Faraldo-García, Angel Lopez-Silvarrey, Sonia Pertega, María-Jesús Cruz, Manuel Sampedro, Juan Sánchez-Lastres, Miguel Angel San-José Gónzalez, Luis Bamonde, Luciano Garnelo, Teresa Pérez-Castro, Luis Valdés-Cuadrado, Francisco-Javier Gonzalez-Barcala
OBJECTIVE: assess the prevalence of rhinitis and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke of children in our community and its relationship with symptoms of rhinitis METHODS (DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES): cross-sectional study using questionnaire on rhinitis of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, in children (6-7 years) and adolescents (13-14 years). Categories: "rhinitis ever", "recent rhinitis", "recent rhinoconjunctivitis", "severe rhinoconjunctivitis"...
March 17, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302201/-risk-factors-for-allergic-diseases-in-children-aged-0-24-months-in-the-wuhu-urban-area-anhui-province-china
#4
Shou-Gui Wang, Xiang-Sheng Zhang, Yan-Fang Zhao, Li Sun, Xi-Tao Pan, Ning Wan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of allergic diseases in children aged 0-24 months in the Wuhu urban area of Anhui Province and risk factors for allergic diseases. METHODS: Cluster random sampling was performed to select 600 children aged 0-24 months and their mothers from the Wuhu urban area, and a questionnaire survey was conducted to collect the data of disease history, family history, mothers' conditions during pregnancy, and child-rearing situation...
March 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301056/age-at-onset-and-persistence-of-eczema-are-related-to-subsequent-risk-of-asthma-and-hay-fever-from-birth-to-18-years-of-age
#5
Adrian J Lowe, Bianca Angelica, John Su, Caroline J Lodge, David J Hill, Bircan Erbas, Catherine M Bennett, Lyle C Gurrin, Christine Axelrad, Michael J Abramson, Katrina J Allen, Shyamali Dharmage
BACKGROUND: Few studies have simultaneously addressed the importance of age of onset and persistence of eczema for the subsequent development of asthma and hay fever, particularly into early adulthood. METHODS: A high risk birth cohort was recruited comprising 620 infants, who were then followed up frequently until two years of age, annually from age 3 to 7, then at 12 and 18 years, to document any episodes of eczema, current asthma and hay fever. The generalised estimation equation technique was used to examine asthma and hay fever outcomes at 6 (n=325), 12 (n=248) and 18 (n=240) years, when there was consistency of associations across the follow-ups...
March 16, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299288/food-safety-and-sustainable-nutrition-workshops-educational-experiences-for-primary-school-children-in-turin-italy
#6
Amaranta Traversa, Daniela Adriano, Alberto Bellio, Daniela Manila Bianchi, Silvia Gallina, Clara Ippolito, Angelo Romano, Paola Durelli, Andrea Pezzana, Lucia Decastelli
European control and prevention policies are focused to guarantee a high level of protection of consumers' health. Food-borne diseases as obesity, diabetes, food allergy, and food-borne outbreaks are increasing. To prevent food-borne diseases, it is fundamental to involve consumers, in particular children, in educational experiences aimed to learn the proper behaviours to be applied. In this context, we designed and performed 5 educational workshops about food safety, hidden allergens in food and nutrition aimed to involve children attending primary and summer school...
January 24, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295779/allergic-disease-in-8-year-old-children-is-preceded-by-delayed-b-cell-maturation
#7
Anna Strömbeck, Inger Nordström, Kerstin Andersson, Helen Andersson, Susanne Johansen, Cristina Maglio, Hardis Rabe, Ingegerd Adlerberth, Agnes E Wold, Bill Hesselmar, Anna Rudin, Anna-Carin Lundell
BACKGROUND: We previously reported that exposure to a farming environment is allergy-protective, while high proportions of neonatal immature/naïve CD5(+) B cells and putative regulatory T cells (Tregs) are risk factors for development of allergic disease and sensitization up to 3 years of age. OBJECTIVE: To examine if B- and T-cell maturation are associated with allergic disease and farming environment over the first 8 years in life. METHODS: In the prospective FARMFLORA study, including both farming and non-farming families, 48 out of 65 children took part in the 8-year follow-up study...
March 14, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294586/pediatric-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-portugal
#8
J L Alves Marcelino, R Cardoso de Aguiar, F Cabral Duarte, A Célia Costa, M A Pereira-Barbosa
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an increasingly frequent diagnosis in our clinical practice, mainly in pediatric age. Allergic responses to food and aeroallergens have been increasingly implicated in the etiology of this disease. We describe a retrospective data analysis of pediatric EoE patients followed in our Immunoallergology Department. Of the 25 children (22 male, average 10.8 years), 88% had prior history of rhinoconjunctivitis, 76% asthma, 48% eczema and 36% food allergy. After evaluation, we identified in 76% and 92% of patients food and aeroallergen sensitization, respectively; 68% had simultaneously food and inhalant sensitization and 96% had at least one positive test to aeroallergens or food allergens...
March 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293927/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-urticaria-with-a-focus-on-chronic-urticaria-in-children
#9
Seung Jin Lee, Eun Kyo Ha, Hye Mi Jee, Kyung Suk Lee, Seung Won Lee, Mi Ae Kim, Dong Hyun Kim, Young Ho Jung, Youn Ho Sheen, Myong Soon Sung, Man Yong Han
PURPOSE: Limited data is available on the prevalence and risk factors of acute and chronic urticaria in children. Our purpose was to determine the prevalence and identify the risk factors of acute and chronic urticaria in Korean children. METHODS: This population-based study examined 4,076 children (age 4 to 13 years) who were enrolled in the 2015 prospective Seongnam Atopy Project (SAP 2015) in Korea. The parents completed an urticaria questionnaire that included questions regarding the duration, severity, and triggering factors of urticaria...
May 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293116/how-french-general-practitioners-manage-and-prevent-recurrent-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children-the-sourirre-survey
#10
Bruno Chicoulaa, Hervé Haas, Jérôme Viala, Maryline Salvetat, Jean-Pierre Olives
BACKGROUND: Recurrent respiratory tract infections (RRTIs) are the most common reason for children's visits to primary care physicians in France; however, little is known about general practitioners' (GPs) opinions and expectations concerning the management and prevention of these common and recurrent pathologies. PURPOSE: To describe French GPs' daily practice in the management of respiratory infections and the prevention of their recurrence in children. METHODS: A sample group of French GPs answered a structured questionnaire on risk factors, RRTI management, antibiotic use and prevention measures...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290621/contact-sensitization-of-children-referred-to-the-dermatology-department-of-the-university-federico-ii-of-naples-italy-a-two-decade-years-history
#11
Serena Lembo, Claudio Lembo, Cataldo Patruno, Pasquale Cuomo, Fabio Ayala, Nicola Balato, Anna Balato
BACKGROUND: Contact sensitization (CS) and allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) were once thought to be rare in children. The aim of our study was to assess CS and ACD in children affected by eczematous conditions referring to our contact and occupational dermatoses service, and to compare the obtained data to the results of a similar study performed in our Department in late eighties. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patch test data from the Database of Contact Allergy of the Dermatology Department - University Federico II of Naples was performed...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284980/the-kingston-allergy-birth-cohort-exploring-parentally-reported-respiratory-outcomes-through-the-lens-of-the-exposome
#12
Michelle L North, Jeffrey R Brook, Elizabeth Y Lee, Vanessa Omana, Nadia M Daniel, Lisa M Steacy, Greg J Evans, Miriam L Diamond, Anne K Ellis
BACKGROUND: The Kingston Allergy Birth Cohort (KABC) is a prenatally recruited cohort initiated to study the developmental origins of allergic disease. Kingston General Hospital was chosen for recruitment because it serves a population with notable diversity in environmental exposures relevant to the emerging concept of the exposome. OBJECTIVES: To establish a profile of the KABC using the exposome framework and examine parentally reported respiratory symptoms to 2 years of age...
March 8, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284979/effect-of-polymorphisms-on-tgfb1-on-allergic-asthma-and-helminth-infection-in-an-african-admixed-population
#13
Ryan Dos Santos Costa, Camila Alexandrina Figueiredo, Maurıcio Lima Barreto, Neuza Maria Alcantara-Neves, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, Alvaro A Cruz, Candelaria Vergara, Nicholas Rafaels, Cassandra Foster, Joseph Potee, Monica Campbell, Rasika A Mathias, Kathleen C Barnes
BACKGROUND: Allergic asthma is a complex disorder that results from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Studies suggest that helminth infections can activate a regulatory network characterized by the production of regulatory cytokines, such as interleukin 10 and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and subsequently protect against immune-mediated diseases, such as asthma. On the other hand, TGF-β1 is increased in the lungs of individuals with asthma and may modulate airway inflammation...
March 8, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284423/pediatric-allergic-contact-dermatitis-clinical-and-epidemiological-study-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#14
J M Ortiz Salvador, A Esteve Martínez, D Subiabre Ferrer, A M Victoria Martínez, J de la Cuadra Oyanguren, V Zaragoza Ninet
BACKGROUND: Few epidemiological studies have investigated the incidence of allergic contact dermatitis in children. Underdiagnosis has been observed in some studies, with many cases in which the condition is not suspected clinically and patch tests are not performed. However, the prevalence of pediatric sensitization to allergens has been reported to be as high as 20%, and the diagnosis should therefore be contemplated as a possibility in this age group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the skin allergy database of the Dermatology Department of Consorcio Hospital General Universitario de Valencia...
March 8, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283159/food-challenge-and-community-reported-reaction-profiles-in-food-allergic-children-aged-1-and-4-years-a-population-based-study
#15
Joshua C K Chan, Rachel L Peters, Jennifer J Koplin, Shyamali C Dharmage, Lyle C Gurrin, Melissa Wake, Mimi L K Tang, Susan Prescott, Katrina J Allen
BACKGROUND: Oral food challenge is the main tool for diagnosing food allergy, but there is little data on the reaction profiles of young children undergoing challenges, nor how these reactions compare to reactions on accidental ingestion in the community. OBJECTIVES: To compare reaction profiles from food challenges and parent-reported reactions on accidental ingestion, and assess predictors of severe reactions. METHODS: HealthNuts is a longitudinal population-based cohort study of 5276 1-year-old infants...
March 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283156/dietary-therapy-and-nutrition-management-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-a-work-group-report-of-the-american-academy-of-allergy-asthma-and-immunology
#16
Marion Groetch, Carina Venter, Isabel Skypala, Berber Vlieg-Boerstra, Kate Grimshaw, Raquel Durban, Alison Cassin, Michelle Henry, Kara Kliewer, Lynda Kabbash, Dan Atkins, Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn, Mark Holbreich, Mirna Chehade
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic/immune-antigen-mediated disease characterized clinically by symptoms related to esophageal dysfunction and histologically by eosinophil-predominant inflammation. Dietary elimination therapy has been shown to be an effective, drug-free prescription for the treatment of EoE. A range of different dietary elimination therapies have been used. Regardless of the elimination diet chosen, dietary therapy requires in-depth nutrition assessment and management. Elimination diets are not without risk and may impact nutritional status, eating pleasure, and overall quality of life...
March 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283151/immunotherapy-for-food-allergy-are-we-there-yet
#17
Yael Gernez, Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn
Current clinical research focuses on food allergen-specific immunotherapy through oral (OIT), sublingual (SLIT), or epicutaneous (EPIT) routes. Immunotherapy relies on the delivery of gradually increasing doses of specific allergens to induce desensitization (defined as temporary antigen hyporesponsiveness that depends on regular food ingestion) and, ultimately, tolerance (defined as the ability to ingest food without symptoms despite prolonged periods of avoidance or irregular intake). Although the majority of the patients treated with OIT achieve desensitization, only a minority achieves tolerance...
March 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280371/evaluation-of-a-sublingual-immunotherapy-solution-in-olive-induced-respiratory-allergy-in-jordan-a-retrospective-observational-study
#18
Khaled Al-Asad, Sayed Al-Nazer, Anan Al-Faqih, Mohammad Jamil Hashem
BACKGROUND: Olive pollen is an important cause of respiratory allergy in the Middle East. In this study, the clinical characteristics of adults and children with confirmed allergic rhinitis (AR; with or without asthma) in Jordan were described, and the use of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) in a real-life clinical setting was assessed. METHODS: This retrospective observational study evaluated the clinical features of olive-induced allergy and the use of an SLIT solution of standardized extracts toward Ole e 1 given in a pre- and coseasonal scheme with a daily dose of 300 index of reactivity for two consecutive seasons...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277763/is-propofol-safe-to-use-in-children-with-food-allergies
#19
Natalie Forshaw, Jonathan Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276109/life-after-leap-how-to-implement-advice-on-introducing-peanuts-in-early-infancy
#20
REVIEW
David M Fleischer
The increase in food allergies worldwide has led to mounting concern among healthcare providers, families, schools, and the food industry. Of particular interest is the growing prevalence of peanut allergy. The Learning Early About Peanut Allergy (LEAP) study confirms that the early introduction of peanut significantly decreases the risk of developing peanut allergy among high-risk children. However, a number of issues, such as a unified definition of high risk and whether or not to screen patients before peanut introduction, remain...
March 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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