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Allergy in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811862/allergic-profiles-of-mothers-and-fathers-in-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs-a-nationwide-birth-cohort-study
#1
Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada, Limin Yang, Kazue Ishitsuka, Tadayuki Ayabe, Hidetoshi Mezawa, Mizuho Konishi, Testsuo Shoda, Kenji Matsumoto, Hirohisa Saito, Yukihiro Ohya
BACKGROUND: The Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) is a nationwide, multicenter, prospective birth cohort investigation launched by the Ministry of Environment in Japan. The purpose of the JECS is to evaluate the influence of prenatal and postnatal exposures to environmental factors on the postnatal health of the children. In this study, we evaluated the allergic characteristics of parents within the JECS cohort. METHODS: This study covered a wide geographical area and encompassed 15 regional centers...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806766/sublingual-immunotherapy-slit-for-house-dust-mites-does-not-prevent-new-allergen-sensitization-and-bronchial-hyper-responsiveness-in-allergic-rhinitis-children
#2
Jae Hyun Lim, Jin Youp Kim, Doo Hee Han, Chul Hee Lee, Seung-No Hong, Jee Hye Wee, Sue K Park, Chae-Seo Rhee
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to identify the effects of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) on immunologic parameters and bronchial-hyper-responsiveness in children with allergic rhinitis to house-dust mite (HDM), through long-term follow-up cohort. METHODS: Among the Allergic Rhinitis Cohort Study for Kids, pediatric patients who visited the hospital for rhinitis symptoms and proven allergy to HDM through skin prick test were studied. In this cohort, 37 patients received SLIT more than 3-years (SLIT group), and 184 patients received only pharmacologic therapy (non-SLIT group) were included in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804748/health-of-children-living-near-coal-ash
#3
Clara G Sears, Kristina M Zierold
Coal ash, generated from coal combustion, is composed of small particles containing metals and other elements, such as metalloids. Coal ash is stored in open-air impoundments, frequently near communities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of health and sleep problems in children living near coal ash and compare these prevalences to children not living near coal ash. In 2013 to 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional survey in a community adjacent to coal ash storage sites and a community not exposed to coal ash...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804700/abridged-version-of-the-awmf-guideline-for-the-medical-clinical-diagnostics-of-indoor-mould-exposure-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-society-of-hygiene-environmental-medicine-and-preventive-medicine-ghup-in-collaboration-with-the-german-association-of-allergists
#4
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Julia Hurraß
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline "Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure" presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has yet to be established...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804604/why-whey-camel-whey-protein-as-a-new-dietary-approach-to-the-management-of-free-radicals-and-for-the-treatment-of-different-health-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Gamal Badr, Nancy K Ramadan, Leila H Sayed, Badr M Badr, Hossam M Omar, Zeliha Selamoglu
The balance between free radicals and antioxidants is an important factor for maintaining health and slowing disease progression. The use of antioxidants, particularly natural antioxidants, has become an important strategy for dealing with this cause of widespread diseases. Natural antioxidants have been used as therapeutic tools against many diseases because they are safe, effective, and inexpensive and are among the most commonly used adjuvants in the treatment of several diseases. Camel whey protein (CWP) is considered a strong natural antioxidant because it decreases oxidative stress, enhances immune system function, and increases glutathione levels...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803196/prenatal-exposure-to-dioxin-like-compounds-is-associated-with-decreased-cord-blood-ige-and-increased-risk-of-wheezing-in-children-aged-up-to-7years-the-hokkaido-study
#6
Chihiro Miyashita, Yu Ait Bamai, Atsuko Araki, Sachiko Itoh, Machiko Minatoya, Sumitaka Kobayashi, Jumboku Kajiwara, Tsuguhide Hori, Reiko Kishi
INTRODUCTION: In utero exposure to dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) may cause imbalance of immune development in early infancy. However, there are few epidemiological studies into the effects of in utero exposure to DLCs on allergies and infections during childhood. This study evaluates associations between concentrations of maternal DLCs and cord blood immunoglobulin (Ig) E, as well as allergies and infections during childhood. METHOD: We recruited 514 pregnant women in a maternity hospital in Sapporo, Japan, and measured concentrations of DLCs in 426 maternal blood samples using high-resolution gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry...
August 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802031/quality-of-life-among-caregivers-and-growth-in-children-with-parent-reported-food-allergy
#7
Tanya Kajornrattana, Pasuree Sangsupawanich, Araya Yuenyongviwat
BACKGROUND: Some caregivers who believe their children have food allergy avoid feeding certain foods to their children without proper allergy tests. Such actions made without a proper diagnosis can negatively impact the child's health and impose an unnecessary burden on the caregivers. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the caregiver quality of life (QoL) and growth in children with a parent-reported food allergy. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study was performed in 200 children younger than five years who had a parent-reported food allergy...
August 8, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802029/immediate-hypersensitivity-reaction-to-ketamine-in-children-with-history-of-atopic-disease
#8
Seunghee Ki, Sehun Lim, Myoung-Hun Kim, Younghan Kim
Many investigators have demonstrated that a large number of patients who experience anaphylaxis during anesthesia have a history of atopic disease or allergy to a specific substance. Here, we review a hypersensitivity reaction to ketamine in a nine-year-old child with a history of atopic disease.
August 8, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800814/phthalates-impact-human-health-epidemiological-evidences-and-plausible-mechanism-of-action
#9
REVIEW
Sailas Benjamin, Eiji Masai, Naofumi Kamimura, Kenji Takahashi, Robin C Anderson, Panichikkal Abdul Faisal
Disregarding the rising alarm on the hazardous nature of various phthalates and their metabolites, ruthless usage of phthalates as plasticizer in plastics and as additives in innumerable consumer products continues due low their cost, attractive properties, and lack of suitable alternatives. Globally, in silico computational, in vitro mechanistic, in vivo preclinical and limited clinical or epidemiological human studies showed that over a dozen phthalates and their metabolites ingested passively by man from the general environment, foods, drinks, breathing air, and routine household products cause various dysfunctions...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783056/diet-quality-throughout-early-life-in-relation-to-allergic-sensitization-and-atopic-diseases-in-childhood
#10
Anh N Nguyen, Niels J Elbert, Suzanne G M A Pasmans, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Nicolette W de Jong, Henriëtte A Moll, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Johan C de Jongste, Oscar H Franco, Liesbeth Duijts, Trudy Voortman
Early-life nutrition is an important modifiable determinant in the development of a child's immune system, and may thereby influence the risk of allergic sensitization and atopic diseases. However, associations between overall dietary patterns and atopic diseases in childhood remain unclear. We examined associations of diet quality in early life with allergic sensitization, self-reported physician-diagnosed inhalant and food allergies, eczema, and asthma among 5225 children participating in a population-based cohort in the Netherlands...
August 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782296/combining-anti-ige-with-oral-immunotherapy
#11
REVIEW
Chunrong Lin, Ivan T Lee, Vanitha Sampath, Chitra Dinakar, Rosemarie H DeKruyff, Lynda C Schneider, Kari C Nadeau
Food allergy is a significant medical problem that affects up to 8% of children in developed countries. At present, there are no curative therapies available in routine practice and management of food allergy involves strict allergen avoidance, education, and prompt treatment upon accidental exposure. Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is an efficacious experimental approach to food allergy and has been shown to provide a substantial benefit in terms of allergen desensitization. However, OIT is associated with high rates of allergic reactions, and the period of protection offered by OIT appears to be limited and highly variable...
August 7, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781718/a-partially-hydrolyzed-100-whey-formula-and-the-risk-of-eczema-and-any-allergy-an-updated-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Hania Szajewska, Andrea Horvath
BACKGROUND: Recently, the role of using hydrolyzed formula for the prevention of allergic disease has been questioned. However, not all hydrolyzed formulas are equal. The efficacy of each hydrolyzed formula should be established separately. We updated evidence on the effectiveness of using partially hydrolyzed 100% whey formula (pHF), manufactured by a single manufacturer, for reducing the risk of eczema and allergy in healthy infants at high risk for allergy. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases were searched in June 2016 for randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials (RCTs); additional data were obtained from reviewed articles and the authors of included trials...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779998/frequency-of-self-reported-drug-allergy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-with-meta-regression
#13
Bernardo Sousa-Pinto, João Almeida Fonseca, Eva Rebelo Gomes
BACKGROUND: Patients reporting drug allergy are treated with second-line therapies, with possible negative clinical and health consequences. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of self-reported drug allergy. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of observational studies assessing the prevalence of self-reported drug allergy. We searched 4 electronic databases. From selected studies, we extracted data on self-reported drug allergy prevalence, study design, participants' demographic characteristics, reported clinical manifestations, and suspected culprit drugs...
August 2, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775375/the-relationship-between-maternal-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-status-in-pregnancy-and-childhood-adiposity-and-allergy-an-observational-study
#14
V T Boyle, E B Thorstensen, J M D Thompson, L M E McCowan, E A Mitchell, K M Godfrey, L Poston, C R Wall, R Murphy, W Cutfield, T Kenealy, L C Kenny, P N Baker
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency (defined as <75 nmol/l) is widespread amongst pregnant women around the world and has been proposed to influence offspring outcomes in childhood and into adult life, including adiposity and allergy. Disorders including asthma and eczema are on the rise amongst children. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D status in pregnancy and offspring adiposity, asthma and eczema in childhood. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were analysed in serum samples collected at 15 weeks' gestation from 1710 participants of the prospective Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) cohort study...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775219/assessment-of-dietary-food-and-nutrient-intake-and-bone-density-in-children-with-eczema
#15
T F Leung, S S Wang, F Y Kwok, L W Leung, C M Chow, E K Hon
INTRODUCTION: Dietary restrictions are common among patients with eczema, and such practice may lead to diminished bone mineral density. This study investigated dietary intake and bone mineral density in Hong Kong Chinese children with eczema. METHODS: This cross-sectional and observational study was conducted in a university-affiliated teaching hospital in Hong Kong. Chinese children aged below 18 years with physician-diagnosed eczema were recruited from our paediatric allergy and dermatology clinics over a 6-month period in 2012...
August 4, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763018/maternal-immunization-new-perspectives-on-its-application-against-non-infectious-related-diseases-in-newborns
#16
REVIEW
Federica Riccardo, Aline Réal, Claudia Voena, Roberto Chiarle, Federica Cavallo, Giuseppina Barutello
The continuous evolution in preventive medicine has anointed vaccination a versatile, human-health improving tool, which has led to a steady decline in deaths in the developing world. Maternal immunization represents an incisive step forward for the field of vaccination as it provides protection against various life-threatening diseases in pregnant women and their children. A number of studies to improve prevention rates and expand protection against the largest possible number of infections are still in progress...
August 1, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762366/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-exercise-induced-bronchospasm-among-rural-school-children-in-ilesa-nigeria
#17
Bankole Peter Kuti, Demilade Kehinde Kuti, Kehinde Oluyori Omole, Lasisi Oluwafemi Mohammed, Busayo Gideon Ologun, Bolanle Idowu Oso
BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) assessed using changes in peak expiratory flow rates (PEFRs) to free range exercise is a relatively cheap way of screening for asthma in resource-poor centres where children with asthma are often undiagnosed and poorly managed. This study sets out to determine the prevalence and factors associated with EIB among rural schoolchildren in Ilesa, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Children aged 8-16 years from two middle schools in rural Ilesa were selected by multistage sampling...
April 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760578/pre-birth-origins-of-allergy-and-asthma
#18
REVIEW
K L Gatford, A L Wooldridge, K L Kind, R Bischof, V L Clifton
Allergy is a chronic disease that can develop as early as infancy, suggesting that early life factors are important in its aetiology. Variable associations between size at birth, a crude marker of the fetal environment, and allergy have been reported in humans and require comprehensive review. Associations between birth weight and allergy are however confounded in humans, and we and others have therefore begun exploring the effects of early life events on allergy in experimental models. In particular, we are using ovine models to investigate whether and how a restricted environment before birth protects against allergy, whether methyl donor availability contributes to allergic protection in IUGR, and why maternal asthma during pregnancy is associated with increased risks of allergic disease in children...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759280/breastfeeding-duration-is-inversely-associated-with-asthma-in-japanese-children-aged-3%C3%A2-years
#19
Jun-Ichi Watanabe, Keiko Tanaka, Chisato Nagata, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa, Yoshihiro Miyake
OBJECTIVE: Recent meta-analyses found an inverse relationship between breastfeeding duration and asthma in children. The present cross-sectional study investigated the associations between breastfeeding duration and the prevalence of wheeze and asthma in Japanese children aged 3 years. METHODS: Subjects were 6412 children who participated in the Kyushu Okinawa Child Health Study. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Wheeze was defined according to the criteria of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757229/prenatal-particulate-matter-exposure-and-wheeze-in-mexican-children-effect-modification-by-prenatal-psychosocial-stress
#20
Maria José Rosa, Allan C Just, Itai Kloog, Ivan Pantic, Lourdes Schnaas, Alison Lee, Sonali Bose, Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Hsiao-Hsien Leon Hsu, Brent Coull, Joel Schwartz, Sheldon Cohen, Martha María Téllez Rojo, Robert O Wright, Rosalind J Wright
BACKGROUND: Air pollution exposure in childhood is associated with greater incidence and exacerbation of asthma, particularly in children whose parents report high levels of psychological stress. However, this interaction has not been completely elucidated in pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the association between prenatal exposure to particulate matter no larger than 2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5) and wheeze in children is modified by prenatal stress. METHODS: Mexican women were recruited during pregnancy (N = 552)...
July 27, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
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