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Allergy in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527904/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-food-allergy-after-umbilical-cord-blood-transplantation-in-children
#1
Alfonso Hernández-Ojeda, Nicolás Rojas, Francisco Barriga, María Angélica Wietstruck, Pamela S Morales, Arturo Borzutzky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526251/asthma-related-lung-function-sleep-quality-and-sleep-duration-in-urban-children
#2
Daphne Koinis-Mitchell, Sheryl J Kopel, Ronald Seifer, Monique LeBourgeois, Elizabeth L McQuaid, Cynthia A Esteban, Julie Boergers, Jack Nassau, Michael Farrow, Gregory K Fritz, Robert B Klein
OBJECTIVES: Examine (1) the extent to which changes in objectively measured asthma-related lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 second) within a sleep period are associated with sleep quality and sleep duration during that sleep period in a group of urban children with persistent asthma, (2) associations between morning and evening asthma-related lung function and sleep quality and duration on the adjacent night, and (3) whether these associations differ by ethnic group. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multimethod approach...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523864/allergic-contact-dermatitis-due-to-methylisothiazolinone-in-a-young-girl-s-laundry-detergent
#3
Colleen H Cotton, Cliff G Duah, Catalina Matiz
Methylisothiazolinone (MI) is an emerging and increasing cause of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in children. We present the case of a 7-year-old girl with an unusual dermatitis suspicious for contact allergy. Patch testing confirmed allergy to MI, found only in the patient's laundry detergent. This case highlights the importance of checking household product ingredients and the role of MI as an increasing cause of ACD in children.
May 19, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522352/immune-plasma-for-the-treatment-of-severe-influenza-an-open-label-multicentre-phase-2-randomised-study
#4
John H Beigel, Pablo Tebas, Marie-Carmelle Elie-Turenne, Ednan Bajwa, Todd E Bell, Charles B Cairns, Shmuel Shoham, Jaime G Deville, Eric Feucht, Judith Feinberg, Thomas Luke, Kanakatte Raviprakash, Janine Danko, Dorothy O'Neil, Julia A Metcalf, Karen King, Timothy H Burgess, Evgenia Aga, H Clifford Lane, Michael D Hughes, Richard T Davey
BACKGROUND: Influenza causes substantial morbidity and mortality despite available treatments. Anecdotal reports suggest that plasma with high antibody titres to influenza might be of benefit in the treatment of severe influenza. METHODS: In this randomised, open-label, multicentre, phase 2 trial, 29 academic medical centres in the USA assessed the safety and efficacy of anti-influenza plasma with haemagglutination inhibition antibody titres of 1:80 or more to the infecting strain...
May 15, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521324/the-role-of-hydrolyzed-formula-in-allergy-prevention
#5
Michael D Cabana
Asthma, eczema, food allergy, and allergic rhinitis are some of the most common pediatric, chronic conditions in the world. Breastfeeding is the optimal way to feed all infants. For those infants who are exposed to infant formula, some studies suggest that certain partially hydrolyzed or extensively hydrolyzed formulas may decrease the risk of allergic disease compared to nonhydrolyzed formulas for children with a family history of atopic disease. Overall, there is some evidence to suggest that partially hydrolyzed whey formulas and extensively hydrolyzed casein formulas may decrease the risk of developing eczema for infants at high risk of allergic disease...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521317/mechanisms-of-tolerance-induction
#6
Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn, Pantipa Chatchatee
Food allergy results from failure in oral tolerance that usually occurs in infancy or early childhood. Exposure to peanut and hen's egg via the inflamed and disrupted epithelial barrier in children with severe atopic dermatitis is a risk factor for the development of allergy to these foods and supports the hypothesis that epicutaneous exposure in the absence of oral feeding is an important pathway of allergic IgE sensitization in infants. In recent years, the collective evidence has pointed toward the protective effect of an early feeding with peanut and egg in children with eczema, taking advantage of the pathways underlying oral tolerance to counteract epicutaneous exposure...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516451/evidence-that-eating-baked-egg-or-milk-influences-egg-or-milk-allergy-resolution-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
R Lambert, K E C Grimshaw, B Ellis, J Jaitly, G Roberts
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that the frequent ingestion of baked hen's egg or cow's milk accelerates the resolution of hen's egg or cow's milk allergy. This practice is being introduced into clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence to determine whether the introduction of baked hen's egg or cow's milk into the diet of children with hen's egg or cow's milk allergies respectively leads to a larger proportion of children outgrowing these allergies than expected...
May 17, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515404/insolubility-and-alteration-of-allergenic-activity-of-wheat-proteins-in-processed-foods
#8
Kajiyo Tanaka, Yuuki Kanie, Michita Naitou, Misa Suzuki, Harue Umemura, Kazunori Tagami, Kazunori Sakai, Tomoko Furuta, Chikako Yamada, Hidehiko Izumi, Tomoharu Yokooji, Hiroaki Matsuo, Komei Ito
BACKGROUND: Food processing causes decomposition, denaturation or polymerization of protein, which may alter an allergic reaction. This study aimed to investigate the insolubility and alteration of wheat allergens in processed foods and the reactivity to patient sera. METHODS: We extracted proteins from wheat flour, udon and bread using different extracts and conducted SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. IgE-immunoblotting was also conducted using sera from children with wheat allergy...
2017: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514997/the-prevalence-of-food-allergy-and-other-allergic-diseases-in-early-childhood-in-a-population-based-study-healthnuts-age-4-year-follow-up
#9
Rachel L Peters, Jennifer J Koplin, Lyle C Gurrin, Shyamali C Dharmage, Melissa Wake, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Mimi L K Tang, Adrian J Lowe, Melanie Matheson, Terence Dwyer, Katrina J Allen
BACKGROUND: The HealthNuts study previously reported interim prevalence data showing the highest prevalence of challenge-confirmed food allergy in infants internationally. However, population-derived prevalence data on challenge-confirmed food allergy and other allergic diseases in preschool-aged children remain sparse. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to report the updated prevalence of food allergy at age 1 year from the whole cohort, and to report the prevalence of food allergy, asthma, eczema, and allergic rhinitis at age 4 years...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509782/an-update-on-the-impact-of-food-allergy-on-anxiety-and-quality-of-life
#10
Marcus S Shaker, Jonathan Schwartz, Morgan Ferguson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food allergies have become more common, and management involves dietary avoidance that can impair quality of life. Patients and families must manage the daily risk of anaphylaxis at each meal. The purpose of this review is to describe the impact of food allergies on quality of life and to provide an update on new developments in food allergy management, particularly peanut allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: Food allergy requires careful avoidance of common and ubiquitous dietary allergens...
May 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507485/the-influence-of-dietary-immunomodulatory-factors-on-development-of-food-allergy-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Izabela Sardecka, Aneta Krogulska, Ewa Toporowska-Kowalska
In the last few years many studies have been conducted on the role of dietary and environmental factors in the prevention of allergic diseases among children. Many studies have shown that the diet of pregnant women and children in their early postnatal life, rich in antioxidants, vitamin D, and fatty acids is beneficial as it reduces the risk of allergy in their future life. Moreover, there are many reports about the main role of gut microbiota and probiotics in the allergy prevention, what can indicate new ways of procedures in allergic diseases...
April 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497919/accurate-determination-of-childhood-food-allergy-prevalence-and-correction-of-unnecessary-avoidance
#12
Yuki Okada, Takumi Yamashita, Hideki Kumagai, Yoshihiko Morikawa, Akira Akasawa
PURPOSE: Because the true prevalence of food allergy (FA), as based on the results of an oral food challenge test (OFC), is unknown, it is likely that children with suspected FA unnecessarily eliminate potentially causative foods. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of FA and to determine the proportion of children who unnecessarily eliminate food. METHODS: To identify children with FA, a primary survey was conducted via a questionnaire with all children aged 0-18 years in Niijima village (remote islands of Japan)...
July 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497673/body-mass-index-and-skin-reactivity-to-histamine-and-dermatophagoides-pteronyssinus-in-children-and-adolescents-followed-in-a-pediatric-allergy-service
#13
A Keller Franco, R Oselka Sarni, M Carvalho Mallozi, D Solé
Rationale. Recent data suggest that the nutritional status assessed by body mass index (BMI) is positively associated with skin reactivity to histamine in children. Objective. To study the relation between BMI and skin reactivity to histamine and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus in allergic children and adolescents. Methods. The medical charts of patients attended in our outpatient clinic between 2013 and 2014 (n = 972) were evaluated. Only patients with asthma, allergic rhinitis or wheezing infants sensitized to at least one aeroallergen were selected: a total of 626 patients (6 months to 19 year-olds; 60...
May 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491110/tai-chi-chuan-exercise-improves-pulmonary-function-and-decreases-exhaled-nitric-oxide-level-in-both-asthmatic-and-nonasthmatic-children-and-improves-quality-of-life-in-children-with-asthma
#14
Hsin-Chia Lin, Hao-Pai Lin, Hsin-Hui Yu, Li-Chieh Wang, Jyh-Hong Lee, Yu-Tsan Lin, Yao-Hsu Yang, Pei-Yi Li, Wei-Zen Sun, Bor-Luen Chiang
Tai-Chi-Chuan (TCC) is an exercise of low-to-moderate intensity which is suitable for asthmatic patients. The aim of our study is to investigate improvements of the lung function, airway inflammation, and quality of life of asthmatic children after TCC. Participants included sixty-one elementary school students and they were divided into asthmatic (n = 29) and nonasthmatic (n = 32) groups by the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. Among them, 20 asthmatic and 18 nonasthmatic children volunteered to participate in a 60-minute TCC exercise weekly for 12 weeks...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490893/sesame-allergy-current-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Adil Adatia, Ann Elaine Clarke, Yarden Yanishevsky, Moshe Ben-Shoshan
Sesame is an important global allergen affecting ~0.1% of the North American population. It is a major cause of anaphylaxis in the Middle East and is the third most common food allergen in Israel. We conducted a systematic review of original articles published in the last 10 years regarding the diagnosis and management of sesame allergy. Skin prick testing appears to be a useful predictor of sesame allergy in infants, although data are less consistent in older children and adults. The diagnostic capacity of serum-specific immunoglobulin E is poor, especially in studies that used oral food challenges to confirm the diagnosis...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489129/growth-velocity-and-weight-gain-in-prepubertal-asthmatic-children
#16
Larissa Celiberto Renosto, Carla Acatauassu, Itana Andrade, Marina Rafael, Talita Lemos Paulino, Fabíola Isabel Suano-Souza, Dirceu Solé, Roseli Oselka Saccardo Sarni
Objective: To evaluate the stature growth rate (GR) and the weight gain of prepubertal asthmatic children. Method: A retrospective cohort study evaluating medical records of 85 children diagnosed with asthma, aged less than 9 years, of both sexes, with at least one year of follow-up in the allergy outpatient clinic. The data on the disease, weights and heights were collected through a standardized questionnaire on two occasions, with an interval of one year. The curves proposed by Tanner were applied for the analysis of the GR, and the Z-score of the GR (ZGR) was calculated...
March 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487842/dietary-primary-prevention-of-allergic-diseases-in-children-the-philippine-guidelines
#17
REVIEW
Marysia Stella T Recto, Maria Lourdes G Genuino, Mary Anne R Castor, Roxanne J Casis-Hao, Diana R Tamondong-Lachica, Maria Imelda V Sales, Marilou G Tan, Karen S Mondonedo, Regina C Dionisio-Capulong
Allergic diseases, such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema, and food allergy, are preventable diseases. Primary prevention strategies of allergic diseases have been in scrutiny. Effective prevention strategies maybe started prenatally, postnatally, during infancy, and even during childhood. These guidelines have been prepared by the Philippine Society of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology and the Philippine Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. They aim to provide evidence-based recommendations for the dietary primary prevention of allergic diseases in children...
April 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487840/medical-certification-reduces-the-number-of-children-requiring-allergen-elimination-diets-for-school-lunches
#18
Seigo Korematsu, Kenji Toyokuni, Yousuke Handa, Chika Gotoh, Rieko Wasada, Rie Kato, Nanae Kawano, Mayo Ikeuchi, Tomoko Okamoto, Maki Kiriya, Mizuho Takahashi, Tomoyuki Takano, Atsuhiko Haigo
BACKGROUND: Following the increase in the number of children with food allergies, support systems are now required for school lunches, but a large-scale factual investigation has not been carried out. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the features of elimination diet due to food allergy and the support system in kindergartens and schools. METHODS: A prefecture-based questionnaire survey regarding measures for food allergies in school lunches of all kindergartens, public elementary schools, and public junior high schools (631 facilities) was conducted in Oita Prefecture, Japan...
April 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487836/allergic-conjunctivitis-in-asia
#19
REVIEW
Bernard Yu-Hor Thong
Allergic conjunctivitis (AC), which may be acute or chronic, is associated with rhinitis in 30%-70% of affected individuals, hence the term allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (AR/C). Seasonal and perennial AC is generally milder than the more chronic and persistent atopic and vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Natural allergens like house dust mites (HDM), temperate and subtropical grass and tree pollen are important triggers that drive allergic inflammation in AC in the Asia-Pacific region. Climate change, environmental tobacco smoke, pollutants derived from fuel combustion, Asian dust storms originating from central/north Asia and phthalates may also exacerbate AR/C...
April 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486398/bioactive-peptides-in-animal-food-products
#20
REVIEW
Marzia Albenzio, Antonella Santillo, Mariangela Caroprese, Antonella Della Malva, Rosaria Marino
Proteins of animal origin represent physiologically active components in the human diet; they exert a direct action or constitute a substrate for enzymatic hydrolysis upon food processing and consumption. Bioactive peptides may descend from the hydrolysis by digestive enzymes, enzymes endogenous to raw food materials, and enzymes from microorganisms added during food processing. Milk proteins have different polymorphisms for each dairy species that influence the amount and the biochemical characteristics (e...
May 9, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
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