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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790145/-nursing-experience-of-using-mirror-visual-feedback-for-a-schizophrenia-patient-with-visual-hallucinations
#1
Shu-Ling Lan, Yu-Chi Chen, Hsiu-Ju Chang
The aim of this paper was to describe the nursing application of mirror visual feedback in a patient suffering from long-term visual hallucinations. The intervention period was from May 15th to October 19th, 2015. Using the five facets of psychiatric nursing assessment, several health problems were observed, including disturbed sensory perceptions (prominent visual hallucinations) and poor self-care (e.g. limited abilities to self-bathe and put on clothing). Furthermore, "caregiver role strain" due to the related intense care burden was noted...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692615/the-effects-of-psychoeducational-family-intervention-on-coping-strategies-of-relatives-of-patients-with-bipolar-i-disorder-results-from-a-controlled-real-world-multicentric-study
#2
Gaia Sampogna, Mario Luciano, Valeria Del Vecchio, Claudio Malangone, Corrado De Rosa, Vincenzo Giallonardo, Giuseppina Borriello, Benedetta Pocai, Micaela Savorani, Luca Steardo, Debora Lampis, Franco Veltro, Francesco Bartoli, Francesco Bardicchia, Anna Maria Moroni, Giusy Ciampini, Emanuele Orlandi, Silvia Ferrari, Silvia Biondi, Sonia Iapichino, Enrico Pompili, Massimiliano Piselli, Alfonso Tortorella, Giuseppe Carrà, Andrea Fiorillo
Background: Psychoeducational family intervention (PFI) has been proven to be effective in improving the levels of family burden and patients' personal functioning in schizophrenia and bipolar disorders (BDs). Less is known about the impact of PFI on relatives' coping strategies in BD. Methods: A multicenter, controlled, outpatient trial funded by the Italian Ministry of Health and coordinated by the Department of Psychiatry of the University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" has been conducted in patients with bipolar I disorder (BD-I) and their key relatives consecutively recruited in 11 randomly selected Italian community mental health centers...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621261/a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-of-individualized-occupational-therapy-for-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-japan
#3
Takeshi Shimada, Manami Ohori, Yusuke Inagaki, Yuko Shimooka, Naoya Sugimura, Ikuyo Ishihara, Tomotaka Yoshida, Masayoshi Kobayashi
The individualized occupational therapy (IOT) program is a psychosocial program that we developed to facilitate proactive participation in treatment and improve cognitive functioning and other outcomes for inpatients with acute schizophrenia. The program consists of motivational interviewing, self-monitoring, individualized visits, handicraft activities, individualized psychoeducation, and discharge planning. This multicenter, open-labeled, blinded-endpoint, randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of adding IOT to a group OT (GOT) program as usual for outcomes in recently hospitalized patients with schizophrenia in Japanese psychiatric hospitals setting compared with GOT alone...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528896/toward-personalized-treatment-of-hallucinations
#4
Iris E Sommer, Hidde Kleijer, Kenneth Hugdahl
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hallucinations are common and often stressful experiences, occurring in all sensory modalities. They frequently complicate many disorders or situations, such as Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, hearing or vision loss, intoxications and delirium. Although psychoeducation, coping techniques and psychotherapy may be broadly applicable, they do not address a specific underlying brain mechanism. Pharmacotherapy may effectively alleviate hallucinations if the corresponding mechanism is present, whereas in its absence, may only cause harmful side effects...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334847/patient-and-family-psychoeducation-service-development-and-implementation-in-a-center-in-iran
#5
Zahra Mirsepassi, Maryam Tabatabaee, Vandad Sharifi, Yasaman Mottaghipour
BACKGROUND: Family and patient psychoeducation have demonstrated significant improvement in clinical and social outcomes for patients suffering from severe mental disorders and their families. However, these evidence-based practices are not widely implemented at service delivery level and into routine clinical practice, especially in less developed countries. AIM: The aim of this article is to report the processes of development and implementation of a psychoeducational service for patients with severe mental illnesses and their families in Iran...
February 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317210/quality-indicators-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-depression-bipolar-disorder-or-schizophrenia-consensus-study
#6
Miquel Bernardo, Consuelo de Dios, Víctor Pérez, Emilio Ignacio, Manuel Serrano, Eduard Vieta, José Joaquín Mira, Mercedes Guilabert, Miquel Roca
OBJECTIVE: To define a set of indicators for mental health care, monitoring quality assurance in schizophrenia, depression and bipolar disorders in Spain. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Qualitative research. Consensus-based study involving 6 psychiatrists on the steering committee and a panel of 43 psychiatrists working in several health services in Spain. An initial proposal of 44 indicators for depression, 42 for schizophrenia and 58 for bipolar disorder was elaborated after reviewing the literature...
January 6, 2018: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216608/short-term-effects-of-brief-need-based-psychoeducation-on-knowledge-self-stigma-and-burden-among-siblings-of-persons-with-schizophrenia-a-prospective-controlled-trial
#7
Anekal C Amaresha, Sunil Vasu Kalmady, Boban Joseph, Sri Mahavir Agarwal, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Daliboina Muralidhar, Doddaballapura K Subbakrishna
Siblings of persons with schizophrenia are important in providing long-term social support to the patients. Interventions addressing their needs are very sparse. Hence, this study aimed at testing the short-term effects of brief need based psychoeducation on knowledge, self-stigma, and burden among siblings of persons with schizophrenia. In this prospective controlled open label trial, 80 siblings of persons with schizophrenia were allocated in equal numbers to the brief need based psychoeducation group and the treatment-as-usual group...
February 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172590/the-mediating-effect-of-family-cohesion-in-reducing-patient-symptoms-and-family-distress-in-a-culturally-informed-family-therapy-for-schizophrenia-a-parallel-process-latent-growth-model
#8
Caitlin A Brown, Amy Weisman de Mamani
OBJECTIVE: Although both patients with schizophrenia and their caregivers report elevated levels of depression, anxiety, and stress (DASS), affective symptoms in patients and family members seldom constitute a primary treatment focus. The present study tested whether a culturally informed family therapy for schizophrenia (CIT-S) outperformed standard family psychoeducation (PSY-ED) not only in decreasing patient schizophrenia symptoms, but also in decreasing individual DASS. Because CIT-S fostered family cohesion throughout treatment, we predicted that increases in family cohesion would mediate treatment effects...
January 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168458/antipsychotic-treatment-psychoeducation-regular-follow-up-as-a-public-health-strategy-for-schizophrenia-results-from-a-prospective-study
#9
Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Kudumallige K Suresha, Basappa K Venkatesh, Udupi Arunachala, Bangalore N Gangadhar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: In low- and middle-income countries such as India, a feasible public health strategy could be to ensure continuous antipsychotics and psychoeducation for those with schizophrenia. Whether such a strategy favourably influences its course and outcome is not well-studied. The objectives of this study were to examine these issues in a cohort of patients with schizophrenia in a rural south Indian taluk (an administrative block). This cohort was part of a community intervention programme running in the place since the past one decade...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065847/long-term-administration-of-antipsychotic-drugs-in-schizophrenia-and-influence-of-substance-and-drug-abuse-on-the-disease-outcome
#10
F-M Werner, Rafael Coveñas
BACKGROUND: Many schizophrenic patients with a long-term administration of antipsychotic drugs do not regularly adhere to the prescribed pharmacotherapy. Antipsychotic drugs constitute a palliative, but not a curative treatment, and the long-term effect of these drugs is not secure. Patients tend to consume nicotine and alcohol, as well as some patients consume drugs such as cannabis and amphetamines. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this mini-review is to examine the reasons for the high tendency of schizophrenic patients to consume alcohol, nicotine and drugs and in addition to suggest measures to reduce the abuse of substances and drugs...
October 20, 2017: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052964/brief-interactive-psychoeducation-for-caregivers-of-patients-with-early-phase-psychosis-in-yogyakarta-indonesia
#11
Carla R Marchira, Irwan Supriyanto, Subandi Subandi, Mary Jo D Good, Byron J Good
AIM: Brief psychoeducation for families of psychotic patients has been shown to significantly increase family members' knowledge of the disorder. This increase is associated with reductions in relapse and rehospitalization. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of brief psychoeducation about schizophrenia to caregivers of patients in early phases of psychotic disorders in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. METHODS: This study was a prospective, randomized trial with 2 parallel groups...
October 20, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022242/exploring-the-role-of-youtube-in-disseminating-psychoeducation
#12
Nikki Hei Tong Lam, John Ta-Hsiang Tsiang, Benjamin K P Woo
OBJECTIVE: Social media can bridge the gap between health care and ethnic minorities over cultural barriers. This study explores the role of YouTube in delivering schizophrenia education to individuals in the USA who are also fluent in Chinese. METHODS: Three psychoeducational YouTube videos related to schizophrenia were uploaded. Data were collected for a 12-month period, and results were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: The videos recorded 4935 views with a total viewing time of 35,614 min...
December 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851803/mediating-effects-of-self-stigma-on-the-relationship-between-perceived-stigma-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-psychiatric-outpatients-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-singapore
#13
Louisa Picco, Ying Wen Lau, Shirlene Pang, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether self-stigma mediates the relationship between perceived stigma and quality of life, self-esteem and general functioning among outpatients with depression, schizophrenia, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Outpatient clinics at a tertiary psychiatric hospital in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: 280 outpatients with a primary clinical diagnosis of either schizophrenia, depression, anxiety or OCD...
August 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831855/social-support-perceptions-of-turkish-people-with-schizophrenia-what-helps-and-what-doesn-t-help
#14
Nuray A Karanci, Ali Can Gök, Büşra Yıldırım, Nilsu Borhan
BACKGROUND: Social support is an important facilitator of the quality of life for people with schizophrenia. This study examines what is perceived as helpful and unhelpful support from the members of the natural social networks by 32 Turkish people with schizophrenia. MATERIAL: Semi-structured interviews and thematic analysis were used to examine what is perceived as helpful and unhelpful support. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The findings suggested that instrumental, emotional and socialization supports were the general categories that capture the perceptions of support...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756111/targeting-anxiety-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#15
M Buonocore, M Bosia, M Bechi, M Spangaro, S Cavedoni, F Cocchi, L Bianchi, C Guglielmino, A R Mastromatteo, R Cavallaro
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggested that anxiety can significantly affect the outcome of schizophrenia. Despite this evidence, non-pharmacological interventions targeting anxiety are still heterogenous. This study aims to test the efficacy of a novel training specifically designed to target anxiety in patients with schizophrenia. Innovatively, this training, beyond psychoeducation and problem solving, also targets Theory of Mind, as it provides coping strategies. METHOD: Twenty-seven outpatients with schizophrenia received a novel rehabilitative training targeting anxiety (Anxiety Management Group [AMG]) combined with a Computer-Assisted Cognitive Remediation (CACR), and twenty received CACR plus a control intervention (Control Newspaper discussion Group [CNG])...
September 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712353/cost-effectiveness-of-a-ptsd-intervention-tailored-for-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness
#16
Eric P Slade, Jennifer D Gottlieb, Weili Lu, Philip T Yanos, Stanley Rosenberg, Steven M Silverstein, Shula K Minsky, Kim T Mueser
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the cost-effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that is tailored for adults with a co-occurring severe mental illness. METHODS: Data were from a randomized trial involving 183 adult clients of two outpatient clinics and three partial hospitalization programs. All had a severe mental illness diagnosis (major mood disorder, schizophrenia, or schizoaffective disorder) and severe PTSD...
December 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659832/rehabilitation-interventions-to-promote-recovery-from-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Laurent Morin, Nicolas Franck
Only one out of seven patients recovers after a first episode of psychosis despite psychiatric care. Rehabilitation interventions have been developed to improve functional outcomes and to promote recovery. We conducted a systematic review of the effectiveness of the main psychiatric rehabilitation interventions following a search of the electronic databases Pubmed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar using combinations of terms relating to cognitive remediation, psychoeducation, cognitive-behavioral therapies, and schizophrenia...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656452/homeless-women-with-schizophrenia-reported-lower-adherence-to-their-medication-than-men-results-from-the-french-housing-first-experience
#18
A Tinland, K Zemmour, P Auquier, M Boucekine, V Girard, S Loubière, G Fond, Laurent Boyer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated with non-adherence to medication in a large multi-center sample of homeless schizophrenia (HSZ) patients. METHODS: This multi-center study was conducted in four French cities: Lille, Marseille, Paris, and Toulouse. In addition to the Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS), sociodemographic information, history of homelessness, illness severity using the Modified Colorado Symptom Index (MCSI) and the Multnomah Community Integration Scale (MCAS), and drug information were collected...
September 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484822/-dgppn-recommendations-on-quality-indicators-for-schizophrenia
#19
I Großimlinghaus, I Hauth, P Falkai, B Janssen, A Deister, A Meyer-Lindenberg, C Roth-Sackenheim, F Schneider, T Wobrock, R Zeidler, W Gaebel
BACKGROUND: In Germany, several quality indicators have been proposed for the measurement of quality of mental healthcare. Some of these quality indicators have been tested in feasibility studies. The German Association for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (DGPPN) established the "Task Force Quality Indicators (QI)" that, based on previous experience in the development and pilot testing of indicators, considered the further development and practical realization of QI for schizophrenia. AIM: The aim was to select a set of QI for schizophrenia that can also be applied to other diagnoses or used in generic measurements...
July 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464773/the-role-of-atypical-antipsychotics-in-sexuality-road-to-recovery-in-schizophrenia
#20
Raja Lope Adam, Hatta Sidi, Marhani Midin, Hazli Zakaria, Srijit Das, Khairi Che Mat
Sexuality is an important dimension in human beings as a form of expression of individuality. For many decades, sexual functioning has been a neglected area among patients suffering from schizophrenia. It was a presumption that patients with schizophrenia could be asexual and this could be secondary to overwhelming situations of delusion, hallucination, hostility and negative symptoms among others. The deficient in sexual functioning are due to innate factors, i.e. negative symptoms (apathy, avolition and amotivation) and also as a result of prefrontal dysfunction, i...
May 2, 2017: Current Drug Targets
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