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Psychoeducation schizophrenia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291976/effects-of-a-group-psychoeducation-program-on-self-stigma-empowerment-and-perceived-discrimination-of-persons-with-schizophrenia
#1
Slađana Štrkalj Ivezić, Marijan Alfonso Sesar, Lana Mužinić
BACKGROUND: Self-stigma adversely affects recovery from schizophrenia. Analyses of self stigma reduction programs discovered that few studies have investigated the impact of education about the illness on self-stigma reduction. The objective of this study was to determine whether psychoeducation based on the principles of recovery and empowerment using therapeutic group factors assists in reduction of self-stigma, increased empowerment and reduced perception of discrimination in patients with schizophrenia...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182471/efficacy-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-using-computer-software-with-individuals-living-with-schizophrenia-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-japan
#2
Kazuhiko Iwata, Yasuhiro Matsuda, Sayaka Sato, Shunichi Furukawa, Yukako Watanabe, Norifumi Hatsuse, Emi Ikebuchi
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment is common in schizophrenia, and is associated with poor psychosocial functioning. Previous studies had inconsistently shown improvement in cognitive functions with cognitive remediation therapy. This study examined whether cognitive remediation is effective in improving both cognitive and social functions in schizophrenia in outpatient settings that provide learning-based psychiatric rehabilitation. This study is the first randomized controlled trial of cognitive remediation in Japan...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160655/factors-associated-with-complete-discontinuation-of-medication-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-the-year-after-hospital-discharge
#3
Yanling Zhou, Robert Rosenheck, Somaia Mohamed, Yuping Ning, Hongbo He
Medication discontinuation is a major risk factor for relapse in schizophrenic patients. The present study investigated the rate and clinical correlates of complete medication discontinuation in the year after hospital discharge. Data collected from 236 schizophrenia patients who were prescribed anti-psychotics documented socio-demographic characteristics, symptom severity, insight, and attitudes towards medication in the week before their discharge and the experience of caregiver burden for their primary caregiver as recorded at the time of hospitalization...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130726/the-effects-of-psychoeducation-on-the-expressed-emotion-and-family-functioning-of-the-family-members-in-first-episode-schizophrenia
#4
Emine Öksüz, Semra Karaca, Gülten Özaltın, Mehmet Alpay Ateş
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the psychoeducation received by the family members of the patients with first-episode schizophrenia on the expressed emotion (EE) and the family functioning of the family members. This study has a quasi-experimental design with a control group. The sample of the study was 60 family members (30 experimental -30 control) of the patients with first-episode schizophrenia. The experimental group received 9 weeks of psychoeducation as a group. EE and family functioning were assessed at the beginning and at the end of the psychoeducation program...
January 27, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116752/psychological-interventions-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#5
REVIEW
Jacqueline Sin, Debbie Spain, Marie Furuta, Trevor Murrells, Ian Norman
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence indicates that individuals who develop severe mental illness (SMI) are also vulnerable to developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), due to increased risk of exposure to traumatic events and social adversity. The effectiveness of trauma-focused psychological interventions (TFPIs) for PTSD in the general population is well-established. TFPIs involve identifying and changing unhelpful beliefs about traumatic experiences, processing of traumatic memories, and developing new ways of responding to cues associated with trauma...
January 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073465/-depression-in-relatives-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-8-month-longitudinal-outcome-of-profamille-program
#6
E Valladier, D Willard, L Romo, Y Hodé, Y Morvan
INTRODUCTION: Mental illness such as schizophrenia is a major public health concern. In France, the economic cost of schizophrenia represents 2 % of total medical expenditures. Schizophrenia has an impact on health and quality of life not only for patients but also for relatives. Family psychoeducation is a complementary therapeutic intervention to ordinary clinical care deigned to alleviate the burden of care among relatives of patients with schizophrenia. Literature suggests such programs including the patients' family members reduce the risk of relapse...
January 7, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065291/-schizophrenia-versus-cannabis-a-novel-psychoeducational-workshop-designed-with-patients
#7
REVIEW
Christelle Fouillet, Morgane Simon, Sonia Kular
A therapeutic workshop involving patients with schizophrenia and consumers of cannabis was created within the Lavallois adult psychiatry department. The collaboration between two nurses and a psychologist enabled new working tools to be designed and implemented with a pilot group of four patients, informed and aware of their condition, and admitting their use of cannabis. This article provides an initial assessment of this rewarding scheme.
January 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997274/the-efficacy-of-psychoeducation-on-recurrent-depression-a-randomized-trial-with-a-2-year-follow-up
#8
Jørgen Aagaard, Leslie Foldager, Ahmad Makki, Vibeke Hansen, Klaus Müller-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of psychoeducation is well documented in the treatment of relapse prevention of schizophrenia, and recently also in bipolar disorder; however, for recurrent depression only few controlled studies focusing on the efficacy of psychoeducation have been conducted. AIMS: This randomized study tests the efficacy of treatment-as-usual supplemented with a psychoeducative programme for patients with recurrent depression, treated at Community Mental Health Centres (CMHC) in Denmark...
April 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994466/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-program-for-people-with-schizophrenia-6-month-follow-up
#9
Li-Qun Wang, Wai Tong Chien, Lai King Yip, Thanos Karatzias
Mindfulness-based interventions have been increasingly evidenced to be effective in different mental illnesses but limited in schizophrenia. This single-blind, multisite randomized controlled trial tested the effects of a mindfulness-based psychoeducation group program (MPGP in addition to usual care) versus a conventional psychoeducation group program (CPGP) versus treatment-as-usual (TAU) alone, in schizophrenia spectrum disorders over a 6-month follow-up. In each of the two study sites (outpatient clinics), 69 outpatients with schizophrenia or its subtypes (N=138) were randomly allocated to one of the three study groups (n=46) after baseline measurements and underwent 6 months of intervention...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900651/explanatory-models-of-illness-help-seeking-behaviours-and-related-factors-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-comparative-study-from-two-different-provinces-of-turkey
#10
Hayriye Dilek Yalvaç, Elif Aktan Mutlu, Zeynep Kotan, İbrahim Özer, Ersin Hatice Karslıoğlu, Ali Çayköylü
This study aims to identify the help seeking behaviours of patients from two geographically distinct provinces of Turkey. A questionnaire about sociodemographic characteristics and help seeking ways was applied to 49 schizophrenia patients from Van, 99 from Ankara. The ratio of patients seeking psychiatric help at the beginning of their illness was 76% in Ankara, the capital city, in contrast to 54% in Van (p = 0.01). Twenty-two percent of patients from Ankara and 69% from Van reported that non-psychiatric help seeking was the choice of their families (p < 0...
November 30, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888977/factors-affecting-medication-adherence-among-adults-with-schizophrenia-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Xiang Cong Tham, Huiting Xie, Cecilia Mui Lee Chng, Xin Yi Seah, Violeta Lopez, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas
This review aimed to summarize empirical evidence concerning factors relating to medication adherence among patients with schizophrenia. A comprehensive search was implemented to recruit articles which met the present eligibility criteria. Twenty-five articles were included whereby only one was a qualitative study. Greater awareness of illness (insight), previous history of medication adherence, positive attitude toward medication, types of atypical antipsychotics, less severe psychotic symptoms, and social support were identified as factors of medication adherence...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888954/the-effect-of-internalized-stigma-on-the-self-esteem-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#12
Sibel Asi Karakaş, Ayşe Okanlı, Emine Yılmaz
AIM: This study has been conducted to determine the relationship between internalized stigma and self-esteem in patients with schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using 60 patients with schizophrenia who were diagnosed as schizophrenic according to the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria in the psychiatric clinics of hospitals in Erzurum. The data were collected using the "Questionnaire on Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale" (ISMI) that determines the socio-demographic characteristics of patients, and the "Short Form of Self-Esteem Scale" (SF-SES)...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886580/the-real-life-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-therapies-on-social-autonomy-in-schizophrenia-patients-results-from-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-france
#13
Aminata Ali, Arnaud Carre, Massimiliano Orri, Mathieu Urbach, Caroline Barry, Christine Hassler, Bruno Falissard, Sylvie Berthoz, Clementine Nordon
The objectives of the present study were to describe the prescribing patterns for psychosocial therapies in routine clinical practice and to assess the impact of psychoeducation on symptoms and social autonomy of patients with schizophrenia. We used data from the nationwide French ESPASS observational cohort study including 5967 patients with schizophrenia, which provided data on exposure to psychosocial therapies from 4961 (83%) participants. Patients who initiated psychosocial therapy within the first 3 months of study onset (n=143) were compared to patients not subject to psychosocial therapy throughout follow up (n=4268), using parametric tests...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843348/the-danish-schizophrenia-registry
#14
REVIEW
Lone Baandrup, Charlotte Cerqueira, Lea Haller, Lene Korshøj, Inge Voldsgaard, Merete Nordentoft
AIM OF DATABASE: To systematically monitor and improve the quality of treatment and care of patients with schizophrenia in Denmark. In addition, the database is accessible as a resource for research. STUDY POPULATION: Patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and receiving mental health care in psychiatric hospitals or outpatient clinics. During the first year after the diagnosis, patients are classified as incident patients, and after this period as prevalent patients...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832676/editorial-to-child-and-adolescence-psychopharmacology
#15
EDITORIAL
G Juckel
The editors of Pharmacopsychiatry have decided in 2016 to prepare special issues regularly in order provide our readers volumes of the journal with a thematic focus 1. The first such special issue is dedicated to the field of child and adolescent psychopharmacology. Many young patients are treated with psychotherapeutic, but also pharmacotherapeutic, methods worldwide. Most of our psychopharmacological agents are not approved by the federal institutions for persons under 18 years old. However, severe mental illnesses like schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, ADHD, and bipolar disorder frequently require pharmacological treatments in children and adolescents...
November 2016: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759181/experiences-of-caring-for-a-sibling-with-schizophrenia-in-a-chinese-context-a-neglected-issue
#16
Cheng-I Yang, Min-Yun Hsieh, Li-Hung Lee, Shu-Ling Chen
Adult clients with schizophrenia are primarily cared for by their ageing parents. When the parents become ill or die, siblings are considered to be responsible for taking over the caregiving role. However, little is known about caregiving for a sibling with schizophrenia, and no studies have explored this phenomenon in an Asian context. The aim of the present descriptive, qualitative study was to understand the experiences of being the primary caregiver of a sibling with schizophrenia. Data were collected from 10 siblings of currently-hospitalized patients diagnosed with schizophrenia using semistructured, in-depth interviews...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696929/effects-of-psychoeducation-given-to-caregivers-of-people-with-a-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia
#17
Müge Bulut, Hülya Arslantaş, İbrahim Ferhan Dereboy
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of psychoeducation given to caregivers of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia on their perceptions of burden and on clinical course of patients. This was a quasi-experimental study with pre-post tests and a control group and designed as a nonrandomized controlled intervention trial. While the patients in both the intervention and the control group received treatment as usual (TAU), only the caregivers in the study group were offered two sessions of psychoeducation a week for one month, with a total of eight sessions...
November 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658989/-therapeutic-benefit-of-a-registered-psychoeducation-program-on-treatment-adherence-objective-and-subjective-quality-of-life-french-pilot-study-for-schizophrenia
#18
F Sauvanaud, O Kebir, M Vlasie, V Doste, I Amado, M-O Krebs
INTRODUCTION: In schizophrenic disorders, supportive psychosocial therapies have been used as adjuncts to pharmacotherapy to help alleviate residual symptoms and to improve social functioning and quality of life. Among these therapies, psychoeducational therapies showed a significant efficacy on improving drug adherence and on reducing relapses. However, according to the French Health Agency, fewer than 10% of psychiatric structures in France offer registered psychoeducation programs...
September 19, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650432/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-in-schizophrenia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
C Steel, A Hardy, B Smith, T Wykes, S Rose, S Enright, M Hardcastle, S Landau, M F Baksh, J D Gottlieb, D Rose, K T Mueser
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence for effective interventions in the treatment of post-traumatic stress symptoms within individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. Clinicians have concerns about using exposure treatments with this patient group. The current trial was designed to evaluate a 16-session cognitive restructuring programme, without direct exposure, for the treatment of post-traumatic stress symptoms specifically within individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. METHOD: A multicentre randomized controlled single-blinded trial with assessments at 0 months, 6 months (post-treatment) and 12 months (follow-up) was conducted...
January 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614568/violent-behavior-and-aggression-in-schizophrenia-prevalence-and-risk-factors-a-multicentric-study-from-three-latin-america-countries
#20
Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Guillaume Fond, Alfonso Urzúa, Laurent Boyer, David R Williams
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was (i) to assess the prevalence of Violent Behavior in Schizophrenia (VBS) in a sample of community-dwelling outpatients in three middle-income countries of Latin America and (ii) to determine the clinical and socio-demographical risk factors associated with VBS and aggression level. METHODS: The study included 253 stabilized outpatients with schizophrenia and their principal caregivers from 3 public ambulatory psychiatric care centers in Bolivia (N=83), Chile (N=85), and Peru (N=85)...
December 2016: Schizophrenia Research
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