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Psychoeducation schizophrenia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484822/-dgppn-recommendations-on-quality-indicators-for-schizophrenia
#1
I Großimlinghaus, I Hauth, P Falkai, B Janssen, A Deister, A Meyer-Lindenberg, C Roth-Sackenheim, F Schneider, T Wobrock, R Zeidler, W Gaebel
BACKGROUND: In Germany, several quality indicators have been proposed for the measurement of quality of mental healthcare. Some of these quality indicators have been tested in feasibility studies. The German Association for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (DGPPN) established the "Task Force Quality Indicators (QI)" that, based on previous experience in the development and pilot testing of indicators, considered the further development and practical realization of QI for schizophrenia. AIM: The aim was to select a set of QI for schizophrenia that can also be applied to other diagnoses or used in generic measurements...
May 8, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464773/the-role-of-atypical-antipsychotics-in-sexuality-road-to-recovery-in-schizophrenia
#2
Raja Lope Adam, Hatta Sidi, Marhani Midin, Hazli Zakaria, Srijit Das, Khairi Che Mat
Sexuality is an important dimension in human beings as a form of expression of individuality. For many decades, sexual functioning has been a neglected area among patients suffering from schizophrenia. It was a presumption that patients with schizophrenia could be asexual and this could be secondary to overwhelming situations of delusion, hallucination, hostility and negative symptoms among others. The deficient in sexual functioning are due to innate factors, i.e. negative symptoms (apathy, avolition and amotivation) and also as a result of prefrontal dysfunction, i...
May 2, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463346/an-algorithmic-approach-to-the-management-of-insomnia-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#3
Ridha Joober, Katherine Cole, Karim Tabbane, Diane B Boivin
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is an important problem in patients with schizophrenia and is an emerging area of interest for researchers. We propose a treatment algorithm that synthesizes the various psychological and pharmacological interventions for insomnia in this population. METHODS: Our selective literature review incorporates English language articles from 4 medicine databases through May 2016. Selected articles discuss risk factors and treatments for insomnia, as well as comorbid sleep disorders that coexist in this population...
May 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455894/the-influence-of-early-psychosocial-intervention-on-the-long-term-clinical-outcomes-of-people-suffering-from-schizophrenia
#4
Andrzej Cechnicki, Anna Bielańska
OBJECTIVES: To compare the treatment outcomes of DSM-IV-TR schizophrenia patients in either a Community Treatment Program or an Individual Treatment Program (CTP vs. ITP). The assessment was made after the first hospitalization, and then after three and twelve years. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to CTP (experimental) and ITP (traditional) group, with 40 people in each group. 67 people (84%) participated in all three assessments. The socio-demographic and clinical indicators were the same for both groups...
February 26, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385096/psychological-distress-perceived-burden-and-quality-of-life-in-caregivers-of-persons-with-schizophrenia
#5
Selwyn Stanley, Sujeetha Balakrishnan, S Ilangovan
BACKGROUND: Caregiving in schizophrenia is a demanding and exhausting activity that challenges the physical and emotional resources of family caregivers. In traditional societies such as India, this is further compounded by illiteracy, ignorance and religious and cultural explanations attributed to mental illness. AIMS: This study aimed to assess primary caregivers of persons with schizophrenia in terms of their perceived burden, manifestation of psychological distress and quality of life (QOL)...
April 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381728/the-effects-of-psychoeducation-on-long-term-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-and-schizoaffective-disorder
#6
Nobuhiko Yanagida, Toshiro Uchino, Naohisa Uchimura
This study aimed to examine the significance of intervention to improve medication adherence in long-term inpatients by providing psychoeducation and then elucidating the effects of this training in terms of patient knowledge and attitudes. Subjects were patients who had been hospitalized for more than 1 year after being admitted to a psychiatric hospital, had been diagnosed as F2 (schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder) according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Edition, and were capable of verbal communication...
May 8, 2017: Kurume Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381222/assessment-of-the-consequences-of-caregiving-in-psychosis-a-psychometric-comparison-of-the-zarit-burden-interview-zbi-and-the-involvement-evaluation-questionnaire-ieq
#7
Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Eduardo González-Fraile, Borja Santos-Zorrozúa, Manuel Martín-Carrasco, Paola Fernández-Catalina, Ana I Domínguez-Panchón, Paula Muñoz-Hermoso, Javier Ballesteros
BACKGROUND: The Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) was originally developed to assess the level of subjective burden in caregivers of people with dementia. The Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire (IEQ) is amongst the leading scales to assess caregiving consequences in severe mental illness. We aimed to compare the psychometric properties of the ZBI, a generic tool, and of the IEQ, a more specific tool to assess the consequences of caregiving in schizophrenia and related disorders. METHODS: Secondary analyses of a 16-week, randomized controlled trial of a psychoeducational intervention in 223 primary caregivers of patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder...
April 5, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374661/an-international-multi-site-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-mindfulness-based-psychoeducation-group-programme-for-people-with-schizophrenia
#8
W T Chien, D Bressington, A Yip, T Karatzias
BACKGROUND: We aimed to test a mindfulness-based psychoeducation group (MBPEG), v. a conventional psychoeducation group (CPEG) v. treatment as usual (TAU), in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders over a 24-month follow-up. METHOD: This single-blind, multi-site, pragmatic randomized controlled trial was conducted in six community treatment facilities across three countries (Hong Kong, mainland China and Taiwan). Patients were randomly allocated to one of the treatment conditions, and underwent 6 months of treatment...
April 4, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291976/effects-of-a-group-psychoeducation-program-on-self-stigma-empowerment-and-perceived-discrimination-of-persons-with-schizophrenia
#9
Slađana Štrkalj Ivezić, Marijan Alfonso Sesar, Lana Mužinić
BACKGROUND: Self-stigma adversely affects recovery from schizophrenia. Analyses of self stigma reduction programs discovered that few studies have investigated the impact of education about the illness on self-stigma reduction. The objective of this study was to determine whether psychoeducation based on the principles of recovery and empowerment using therapeutic group factors assists in reduction of self-stigma, increased empowerment and reduced perception of discrimination in patients with schizophrenia...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182471/efficacy-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-using-computer-software-with-individuals-living-with-schizophrenia-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-japan
#10
Kazuhiko Iwata, Yasuhiro Matsuda, Sayaka Sato, Shunichi Furukawa, Yukako Watanabe, Norifumi Hatsuse, Emi Ikebuchi
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment is common in schizophrenia, and is associated with poor psychosocial functioning. Previous studies had inconsistently shown improvement in cognitive functions with cognitive remediation therapy. This study examined whether cognitive remediation is effective in improving both cognitive and social functions in schizophrenia in outpatient settings that provide learning-based psychiatric rehabilitation. This study is the first randomized controlled trial of cognitive remediation in Japan...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160655/factors-associated-with-complete-discontinuation-of-medication-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-the-year-after-hospital-discharge
#11
Yanling Zhou, Robert Rosenheck, Somaia Mohamed, Yuping Ning, Hongbo He
Medication discontinuation is a major risk factor for relapse in schizophrenic patients. The present study investigated the rate and clinical correlates of complete medication discontinuation in the year after hospital discharge. Data collected from 236 schizophrenia patients who were prescribed anti-psychotics documented socio-demographic characteristics, symptom severity, insight, and attitudes towards medication in the week before their discharge and the experience of caregiver burden for their primary caregiver as recorded at the time of hospitalization...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130726/the-effects-of-psychoeducation-on-the-expressed-emotion-and-family-functioning-of-the-family-members-in-first-episode-schizophrenia
#12
Emine Öksüz, Semra Karaca, Gülten Özaltın, Mehmet Alpay Ateş
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the psychoeducation received by the family members of the patients with first-episode schizophrenia on the expressed emotion (EE) and the family functioning of the family members. This study has a quasi-experimental design with a control group. The sample of the study was 60 family members (30 experimental -30 control) of the patients with first-episode schizophrenia. The experimental group received 9 weeks of psychoeducation as a group. EE and family functioning were assessed at the beginning and at the end of the psychoeducation program...
January 27, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116752/psychological-interventions-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#13
REVIEW
Jacqueline Sin, Debbie Spain, Marie Furuta, Trevor Murrells, Ian Norman
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence indicates that individuals who develop severe mental illness (SMI) are also vulnerable to developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), due to increased risk of exposure to traumatic events and social adversity. The effectiveness of trauma-focused psychological interventions (TFPIs) for PTSD in the general population is well-established. TFPIs involve identifying and changing unhelpful beliefs about traumatic experiences, processing of traumatic memories, and developing new ways of responding to cues associated with trauma...
January 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073465/-depression-in-relatives-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-8-month-longitudinal-outcome-of-profamille-program
#14
E Valladier, D Willard, L Romo, Y Hodé, Y Morvan
INTRODUCTION: Mental illness such as schizophrenia is a major public health concern. In France, the economic cost of schizophrenia represents 2 % of total medical expenditures. Schizophrenia has an impact on health and quality of life not only for patients but also for relatives. Family psychoeducation is a complementary therapeutic intervention to ordinary clinical care deigned to alleviate the burden of care among relatives of patients with schizophrenia. Literature suggests such programs including the patients' family members reduce the risk of relapse...
January 7, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065291/-schizophrenia-versus-cannabis-a-novel-psychoeducational-workshop-designed-with-patients
#15
REVIEW
Christelle Fouillet, Morgane Simon, Sonia Kular
A therapeutic workshop involving patients with schizophrenia and consumers of cannabis was created within the Lavallois adult psychiatry department. The collaboration between two nurses and a psychologist enabled new working tools to be designed and implemented with a pilot group of four patients, informed and aware of their condition, and admitting their use of cannabis. This article provides an initial assessment of this rewarding scheme.
January 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997274/the-efficacy-of-psychoeducation-on-recurrent-depression-a-randomized-trial-with-a-2-year-follow-up
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jørgen Aagaard, Leslie Foldager, Ahmad Makki, Vibeke Hansen, Klaus Müller-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of psychoeducation is well documented in the treatment of relapse prevention of schizophrenia, and recently also in bipolar disorder; however, for recurrent depression only few controlled studies focusing on the efficacy of psychoeducation have been conducted. AIMS: This randomized study tests the efficacy of treatment-as-usual supplemented with a psychoeducative programme for patients with recurrent depression, treated at Community Mental Health Centres (CMHC) in Denmark...
April 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994466/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-program-for-people-with-schizophrenia-6-month-follow-up
#17
Li-Qun Wang, Wai Tong Chien, Lai King Yip, Thanos Karatzias
Mindfulness-based interventions have been increasingly evidenced to be effective in different mental illnesses but limited in schizophrenia. This single-blind, multisite randomized controlled trial tested the effects of a mindfulness-based psychoeducation group program (MPGP in addition to usual care) versus a conventional psychoeducation group program (CPGP) versus treatment-as-usual (TAU) alone, in schizophrenia spectrum disorders over a 6-month follow-up. In each of the two study sites (outpatient clinics), 69 outpatients with schizophrenia or its subtypes (N=138) were randomly allocated to one of the three study groups (n=46) after baseline measurements and underwent 6 months of intervention...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900651/explanatory-models-of-illness-help-seeking-behaviours-and-related-factors-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-comparative-study-from-two-different-provinces-of-turkey
#18
Hayriye Dilek Yalvaç, Elif Aktan Mutlu, Zeynep Kotan, İbrahim Özer, Ersin Hatice Karslıoğlu, Ali Çayköylü
This study aims to identify the help seeking behaviours of patients from two geographically distinct provinces of Turkey. A questionnaire about sociodemographic characteristics and help seeking ways was applied to 49 schizophrenia patients from Van, 99 from Ankara. The ratio of patients seeking psychiatric help at the beginning of their illness was 76% in Ankara, the capital city, in contrast to 54% in Van (p = 0.01). Twenty-two percent of patients from Ankara and 69% from Van reported that non-psychiatric help seeking was the choice of their families (p < 0...
November 30, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888977/factors-affecting-medication-adherence-among-adults-with-schizophrenia-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Xiang Cong Tham, Huiting Xie, Cecilia Mui Lee Chng, Xin Yi Seah, Violeta Lopez, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas
This review aimed to summarize empirical evidence concerning factors relating to medication adherence among patients with schizophrenia. A comprehensive search was implemented to recruit articles which met the present eligibility criteria. Twenty-five articles were included whereby only one was a qualitative study. Greater awareness of illness (insight), previous history of medication adherence, positive attitude toward medication, types of atypical antipsychotics, less severe psychotic symptoms, and social support were identified as factors of medication adherence...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888954/the-effect-of-internalized-stigma-on-the-self-esteem-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#20
Sibel Asi Karakaş, Ayşe Okanlı, Emine Yılmaz
AIM: This study has been conducted to determine the relationship between internalized stigma and self-esteem in patients with schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using 60 patients with schizophrenia who were diagnosed as schizophrenic according to the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria in the psychiatric clinics of hospitals in Erzurum. The data were collected using the "Questionnaire on Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale" (ISMI) that determines the socio-demographic characteristics of patients, and the "Short Form of Self-Esteem Scale" (SF-SES)...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
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