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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911916/incidence-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-and-venous-thromboembolism-following-tka-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-versus-osteoarthritis-a-meta-analysis
#1
Do-Kyung Lee, Hyun-Jung Kim, Dae-Hee Lee
This meta-analysis was designed to compare the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). All studies directly comparing the post-TKA incidence of DVT and/or VTE in patients with RA and OA were included. For all comparisons, odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for binary outcomes. Six studies were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled data showed that the combined rates of asymptomatic and symptomatic DVT did not differ significantly in the RA and OA groups (1065/222,714 [0...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866951/the-incidence-and-economic-burden-of-in-hospital-venous-thromboembolism-in-the-united-states
#2
Alisina Shahi, Antonia F Chen, Timothy L Tan, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Fatih Kucukdurmaz, Javad Parvizi
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially preventable and costly complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The in-hospital incidence and economic burden of VTE following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in the United States is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine this issue. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to estimate the total number of THA, TKA, and VTE events using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision procedure codes from years 2002 to 2011...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823844/safety-and-efficacy-of-new-anticoagulants-for-the-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-after-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a%C3%A2-meta-analysis
#3
Brett T Venker, Beejal R Ganti, Hannah Lin, Elizabeth D Lee, Ryan M Nunley, Brian F Gage
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common and potentially fatal complication of arthroplasty. METHODS: We reviewed randomized trials to determine which anticoagulant has the best safety and efficacy in hip and knee arthroplasty patients. We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE through January 2016. RESULTS: Compared to enoxaparin (most commonly dosed 40 mg once daily), the relative risk (RR) of VTE was lowest for edoxaban 30 mg once daily (0...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776904/prevalence-of-venous-thromboembolic-events-is-low-in-asians-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-without-chemoprophylaxis
#4
Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Noorul Faeyza Binte Abd Razak, Hwee-Chye Andrew Tan
BACKGROUND: This retrospective cohort study was designed to establish the prevalence of clinically significant venous thromboembolic events (VTE) in our patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without chemoprophylaxis. METHODS: A single-surgeon cohort of patients who underwent TKA from 2006 to 2014 were included. All patients had a pneumatic tourniquet applied and a drain inserted postoperatively. Tranexamic acid was not used perioperatively. All patients were under a standardized postoperative protocol with routine mechanical prophylaxis against VTE...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765053/impact-of-recent-guideline-changes-on-aspirin-prescribing-after-knee-arthroplasty
#5
Sarav S Shah, Alexander M Satin, James R Mullen, Sara Merwin, Mark Goldin, Nicholas A Sgaglione
BACKGROUND: Prior to 2012, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) differed in their recommendations for postoperative pharmacologic venous thromboembolism prophylaxis (VTEP) after total joint arthroplasty. More specifically, aspirin (ASA) monotherapy was not endorsed by the ACCP as an acceptable prophylaxis. In 2012, the ACCP supported ASA monotherapy compared with no prophylaxis. Our aim was to investigate the impact of the convergence of ACCP and AAOS recommendations on surgeon prescribing patterns after knee arthroplasty (KA)...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759465/thromboembolic-and-major-bleeding-events-in-relation-to-perioperative-bridging-of-vitamin-k-antagonists-in-649-fast-track-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasties
#6
Christoffer C Jørgensen, Henrik Kehlet
Background - The benefit of preoperative bridging in surgical patients with continuous anticoagulant therapy is debatable, and drawing of meaningful conclusions may have been limited by mixed procedures with different thromboembolic and bleeding risks in most published studies. Patients and methods - This was an observational cohort treatment study in consecutive primary unilateral total hip and knee arthroplasty patients between January 2010 and November 2013 in 8 Danish fast-track departments. Data were collected prospectively on preoperative comorbidity and anticoagulants in patients with preoperative vitamin K antagonist (VKA) treatment...
October 19, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747723/postoperative-bleeding-after-administration-of-a-single-dose-of-rivaroxaban-to-a-patient-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy
#7
Carmela E Corallo, Louise Grannell, Huyen Tran
A 62-year-old man was admitted to hospital for elective revision of a left total hip arthroplasty. His history was significant for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection for which he was taking the following antiretroviral agents (ARVs): etravirine, ritonavir, darunavir, raltegravir and tenofovir/emtricitabine. Rivaroxaban 10 mg daily was commenced on the second postoperative day for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis. Approximately 24 h later, the patient developed hypotension and anaemia, accompanied by thigh swelling due to bleeding at the surgical site...
December 2015: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737296/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-for-symptomatic-venous-thromboembolism-after-shoulder-arthroplasty
#8
Robert Z Tashjian, Daniel T Lilly, Aaron M Isaacson, Cory E Georgopoulos, Stephen P Bettwieser, Robert T Burks, Patrick E Greis, Angela P Presson, Erin K Granger, Yue Zhang
Reported rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after shoulder arthroplasty (SA) range from 0.2% to 13%. Few studies have evaluated the incidence of VTE in a large patient population from a single institution. We conducted a study to determine the incidence of VTE (deep venous thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolism [PE]) in a large series of SAs. Cases of SAs performed at our institution between January 1999 and May 2012 were retrospectively reviewed for development of symptomatic VTE within the first 90 days after surgery...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707851/the-michigan-experience-with-safety-and-effectiveness-of-tranexamic-acid-use-in-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#9
Brian Hallstrom, Bonita Singal, Mark E Cowen, Karl C Roberts, Richard E Hughes
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of tranexamic acid (TXA) in reducing blood loss and transfusion requirements in total hip and knee arthroplasty has been well established in small controlled clinical trials and meta-analyses. The purpose of the current study was to determine the risks and benefits of TXA use in routine orthopaedic surgical practice on the basis of data from a large, statewide arthroplasty registry. METHODS: From April 18, 2013, to September 30, 2014, there were 23,236 primary total knee arthroplasty cases and 11,489 primary total hip arthroplasty cases completed and registered in the Michigan Arthroplasty Registry Collaborative Quality Initiative (MARCQI)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706534/topical-tranexamic-acid-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-patients-with-increased-thromboembolic-risk
#10
Jonathon Spanyer, Jay Patel, Eric Emberton, Langan S Smith, Arthur L Malkani
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety profiles of topical tranexamic acid (TXA) in patients undergoing elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with comorbid conditions precluding them from intravenous (IV) TXA use. A total of 104 patients were divided into two groups: 47 in the normal-risk group and 57 in the high-risk group, with the latter representing those with one or more risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE). Demographics were similar between groups, and there were no differences with regard to postoperative changes in hemoglobin (- 3...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637304/postorthopedic-surgery-joint-replacement-surgery-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis
#11
REVIEW
Louis M Kwong, Jon A Kimball
Elective total hip or knee arthroplasty places patients at risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE). As our understanding of the pathophysiology of VTE after joint arthroplasty has increased, pharmacologic strategies have been developed to target different aspects of the coagulation cascade. Various approaches have been used as risk reduction strategies. In 2011 and 2014 the Food and Drug Administration approved rivaroxaban and apixaban as new oral antithrombotic agents. Although controversies remain with regard to the ideal VTE pharmacoprophylactic agent, this class of novel oral anticoagulants has been demonstrated to be safe and to be more effective than enoxaparin...
October 2016: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595074/prophylaxis-for-venous-thromboembolism-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-survey-of-korean-knee-surgeons
#12
Nam Ki Kim, Tae Kyun Kim, Jong Min Kim, Churl Hong Chun
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to provide information on the actual status and prevailing trend of prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in South Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Korean Knee Society (KKS) developed a questionnaire with 6 clinical questions on VTE. The questionnaire was distributed to all members of KKS by both postal and online mail. Participants were asked to supply details on their specialty and to select methods of prophylaxis they employ...
September 2016: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580310/efficacy-and-safety-of-rivaroxaban-thromboprophylaxis-after-arthroplasty-of-the-hip-or-knee-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
L Loganathan, A Hua, S Patel, C Gibbons, M P Vizcaychipi
Introduction Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially fatal complication of hip arthroplasty and knee arthroplasty. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommend rivaroxaban for VTE prevention. Amid concerns over bleeding complications, the modified thromboprophylaxis policy of Chelsea and Westminster Hospital (CWH; London, UK) advises enoxaparin given after surgery in the inpatient setting followed by rivaroxaban upon hospital discharge. This retrospective study investigated the efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban in this novel, modified venous-prophylaxis regimen in a surgical orthopaedic cohort at CWH...
September 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522973/prediction-of-venous-thromboembolism-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-using-dielectric-blood-coagulometry
#14
Hidetoshi Uchiyama, Yoshinori Inoue, Isao Uchimura, Tomomasa Nakamura, Toshifumi Kudo, Takeshi Muneta, Tatsuyuki Kawano
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) frequently occurs in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of dielectric blood coagulometry (DBCM) as a new technique for predicting postoperative VTE. METHODS: Thirty patients undergoing TKA were enrolled. DVT was diagnosed by ultrasonography preoperatively and on the fourth or fifth postoperative day. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) was performed to detect PE on the fourth postoperative day...
August 11, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499823/incidence-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-undergoing-major-hip-surgeries-at-a-single-institution-a-prospective-study
#15
Yasuhiro Yamanaka, Hiroshi Ito
BACKGROUND: Venous thoromboembolism (VTE) is one of the most significant complications after hip surgeries. Many studies have been reported about the incidence of VTE after THA, but a small number of reports were found concerning Periacetabular osteotomy, Revision THA and Surgery for hip fracture postoperatively. Furthermore, there exists no comparative study of the incidence of VTE among major hip surgeries at a single institution. We reported the incidence of VTE among hip surgeries performed at a single institution...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478345/preventing-venous-thromboembolism-with-use-of-intermittent-pneumatic-compression-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-korean-patients
#16
Woo-Lam Jo, Young-Kyun Lee, Yong-Chan Ha, Kyung-Min Lee, Bun-Jung Kang, Kyung-Hoi Koo
Intermittent Pneumatic Compression (IPC) device has been used to prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study investigated the effectiveness of IPC device. We evaluated incidences of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients after use of IPC device, and compared with historical incidences from our institution. We applied IPC device in 741 patients who underwent 870 elective primary THAs from January 2010 to December 2013, DVT was detected in 3 patients (0...
August 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448284/venous-thromboembolism-after-lower-limb-arthroplasty-is-chemical-prophylaxis-still-needed
#17
Karan Malhotra, Jan L Marciniak, Sandra J Bonczek, Neil Hunt
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant complication of lower limb arthroplasty. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommends routine use of chemical and mechanical prophylaxis to prevent VTE. Our high-volume, elective, arthroplasty unit adopted this guidance in 2008. PURPOSE: We examined our incidence of VTE before and after introduction of chemical thromboprophylaxis to determine whether the incidence of VTE reduced. METHODS: We retrospectively gathered data on 2 cohorts of patients-from January 2004 to August 2007 (Group 1) and January 2010 to December 2012 (Group 2)...
July 22, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385645/a-single-centre-study-of-haemostatic-outcomes-of-joint-replacement-in-von-willebrand-disease-and-control-patients-and-an-analysis-of-the-literature
#18
L Rugeri, A A Ashrani, W L Nichols, R T Trousdale, R K Pruthi
INTRODUCTION: Haemostatic assessments of patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD) who undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) have mainly relied on subjective parameters. AIMS: To compare objective haemostatic outcomes of TKA/THA in VWD patients and controls without bleeding disorders. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed haemostatic outcomes in VWD patients undergoing TKA/THA from 1993 to 2011 and compared them with two matched controls per operation...
November 2016: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369301/obesity-and-venous-thromboembolism-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-patients-in-an-asian-population
#19
Kenny Tay, Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Andrew Hwee Chye Tan
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a known complication of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In addition, obesity has been implicated as a risk factor and justification for chemoprophylaxis for VTE. We wanted to review the prevalence of VTE among our patients and evaluate the incidence rates of VTE among nonobese and obese patients. METHODS: We reviewed 894 patients who underwent elective unilateral total knee arthroplasty by a single surgeon from March 2003 to November 2014 in our center...
June 4, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313435/a-pilot-study-comparing-hospital-readmission-rates-in-patients-receiving-rivaroxaban-or-enoxaparin-after-orthopedic-surgery
#20
Melissa A Herschman, Frank S Rigelsky, Sandra S Axtell
PURPOSE: A pilot study was conducted to determine whether rivaroxaban (Xarelto, Janssen Pharmaceuticals) resulted in a lower 30-day all-cause readmission rate compared with enoxaparin (Lovenox, Sanofi-Aventis) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) at a community hospital. METHODS: The study was a single-center, retrospective, chart-review investigation involving patients who underwent THA or TKA between May 2013 and May 2014. The study's primary endpoint was the 30-day all-cause readmission rate...
June 2016: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
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