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Depression in elderly in India

Kunal Kishor Jha, Satyajeet Kumar Singh, Santosh Kumar Nirala, Chandramani Kumar, Pragya Kumar, Neeraj Aggrawal
INTRODUCTION: Depression is one of the under-recognized health problems in adolescents. Emotional instability resulted from childhood to adulthood transition makes adolescents vulnerable to depression. AIMS: The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of depression and its associated sociodemographic factors among school-going adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken from January 2016 to June 2016 in adolescents studying in 9-12(th) standard from forty schools located in an urban area of Patna, Bihar...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Ghose Bishwajit, Daniel Peter O'Leary, Sharmistha Ghosh, Sanni Yaya, Tang Shangfeng, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: With the increase in the understanding of the influence of various lifestyle factors such as sedentary behaviour and level of physical activity (PA) on physical and mental health, there has been a growing research interest on how physical inactivity correlates with depressive outcomes across countries. The present study aimed to examine 1) the pattern of engaging in PA among middle- and older-aged population in four South Asian countries, and 2) whether PA is associated with higher prevalence of depression...
April 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
Dimple Madhukar Jamkhandi, Sara Bhattacharji
INTRODUCTION: In India, the number of elderly is steadily increasing and is likely to reach 301 million by 2051. The increasing number and proportion of elderly will have a direct impact on the demand for health and pension services. As per the Demography of Indian Aging (Rajan et al.), information on morbidity profile of this population is essential to plan health-care facilities. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was designed to study the morbidity profile of 100 elderly persons reporting to the outpatient clinic of a family practice unit of a tertiary care center in South India between June 2008 and May 2010...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Manju Pilania, Mohan Bairwa, Hitesh Khurana, Neelam Kumar
BACKGROUND: Depression in the elderly has been emerged as a serious public health challenge in the developing countries. Elderly population with depression is on rise in India, but is not adequately addressed. This study was planned to ascertain the prevalence of depression among elderly in a rural population of Haryana and assess its socio-demographic correlates. METHODS: This study was a community based, cross sectional study, which was conducted in Community Health Centre (CHC), Chiri of Rohtak district (Haryana, India)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Priyamadhaba Behera, Pratap Sharan, Ashwani Kumar Mishra, Baridalyne Nongkynrih, Shashi Kant, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta
BACKGROUND: Globally, more than 350 million people of all ages suffer from depression. Elderly persons are more vulnerable to depression. We conducted this study to estimate the prevalence of depression, and to study the association of depression with sociodemographic and clinical variables among elderly persons in a rural community. METHODS: We conducted a community-based cross-sectional study among 395 randomly selected elderly persons aged 60 years and above in a rural area of Ballabgarh, Haryana, India...
May 2016: National Medical Journal of India
Lucky Singh, Prashant Kumar Singh, Perianayagam Arokiasamy
The rapid growth of the older population in India draws attention to the factors that contribute to their changing health realities. However, there has hardly been any study in India that has looked at the effects of specific social networks with children, relatives, friends and confidant on depression among older adults. The objective of the study is to investigate the association between social network and depression among the rural elderly. The study population comprised over 630 older adults (aged 60 and above) from the rural areas of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh...
June 2016: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Catherin Nisha, Steve Manjaly, Pretesh Kiran, Betsy Mathew, Arvind Kasturi
Elder abuse and neglect is a problem that occurs across all settings and all populations. Elder abuse has many forms, such as abandonment, emotional or psychological abuse, financial or material exploitation, neglect, physical abuse, and sexual abuse. We conducted this research to determine the prevalence of various types of abuse and neglect and their associated factors among elderly patients attending the urban and rural geriatric clinics at a medical college hospital in Bangalore, India. A total of 200 elderly patients participated in the study...
2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Sunil K Dash, Ranajit Panigrahi, Nishit Palo, Ashok Priyadarshi, Manas Biswal
Elderly patients with hip fracture constitute Single Largest Group of Emergency Orthopaedics Admissions. In 2050, 6.26 million hip fractures worldwide, approximately 50%, will occur in Asia. Only small number of reports on incidence of hip fractures in the Asian population exist. India lacks data registry for fragility hip fractures, therefore, the magnitude and standard of patient care are not known. A prospective multicenter study was conducted from January 2012 to April 2014 to describe population-based longitudinal trends, namely, age-specific incidence, fracture type, timing of presentation, kilometers traveled, timing of surgery, hospital stay, man hours lost, pressure ulcers, weight bearing, 30-day return, 3-month mortality, and so on, of fragility hip fractures...
March 2015: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Sonali Sarkar, Shivananand Kattimani, Gautam Roy, K C Premarajan, Siddharth Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Local language screening instruments can be helpful in early assessment of depression in the elderly in the community and primary care population. This study describes the validation of a Tamil version of Geriatric Depression Scale (short form 15 [GDS-15] item) in a rural population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Tamil version of GDS-15 was developed using standardized procedures. The questionnaire was applied in a sample of elderly (aged 60 years and above) from a village in South India...
July 2015: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Motonao Ishikawa, Gaku Yamanaka, Naomune Yamamoto, Takashi Nakaoka, Kiyohito Okumiya, Kozo Matsubayashi, Kuniaki Otsuka, Hiroshi Sakura
Suicide rates are higher at high altitudes, and some hypothesize that hypoxia is the cause. There may be a significant correlation between rates of depression and altitude, but little data exist outside the United States. The purpose of the present study is to conduct a survey of depression among the elderly highlanders in Asia. We enrolled 114 persons aged 60 years or older (mean, 69.2 ± 6.7 years; women, 58.8%) in Domkhar (altitude, 3800 m), Ladakh, India and 173 ethnic Tibetans (mean, 66.5 ± 6.1 years; women, 61...
March 2016: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Paramita Sengupta, Anoop I Benjamin
BACKGROUND: Depression, the most common psychiatric disorder among the elderly, is not yet perceived as an important health problem in India, where few population-based studies have addressed this problem. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of depression and identify the associated risk factors in the elderly population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3038 consenting elderly (>60 years old) rural and urban residents of both sexes from the field practice areas were interviewed and examined in a cross-sectional study...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Public Health
Srinivasan Chokkanathan
There is limited information on the nature of and health factors associated with elder mistreatment in rural areas. To address this gap in the literature, the current study described the nature of such mistreatment and investigated the association between different types of mistreatment and health factors among 897 randomly selected elderly persons in rural India. The results show that elder mistreatment was widely prevalent (21%). Furthermore, the higher frequency of and simultaneous occurrence of multiple types of mistreatment (83...
November 2015: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Abhay B Mane, T Sanjana, Prabhakar R Patil, T Sriniwas
CONTEXT: Falls are a major public health problem in the elderly population. Fear of falling (FOF) among elderly persons can compromise quality of life by limiting mobility, diminished sense of well-being and reduced social interactions. India is undergoing a demographic transitional phase with urban elderly population of 6.72% in 2001. The major challenge would be on the prevention of falls among them. Hence there is a need to highlight the problems related to fall faced by the elderly in India...
July 2014: Journal of Mid-life Health
Ananya Sadhu, Prabhat Upadhyay, Aruna Agrawal, Kaliappan Ilango, Dipankar Karmakar, Gur Prit Inder Singh, Govind Prasad Dubey
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The enigmatic etiology of neurodegenerative diseases poses a challenge for the development of novel and efficient drugs. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a polyherbal (test) formulation on cognitive functions, inflammatory markers and oxidative stress in healthy elderly as well as senile dementia of Alzheimer's type (SDAT) patients. METHOD: A randomized double-blind placebo- and active-controlled clinical trial was performed in healthy elderly subjects and SDAT patients with an age range of 60-75 years...
December 2014: Clinical Drug Investigation
Catherine Poorneselvan, Lorraine Steefel
Nurses often elicit patients' stories as a means to an end--for example, getting to know patients better and providing better care or treatments. However, the act of listening in itself can be therapeutic. Through the use of reminiscence therapy (RT), eliciting stories from elderly residents of a nursing home in India improved their sense of well-being. This article describes a study of the use of RT and presents one resident's story.
2014: Creative Nursing
Chethana Thirthahalli, S P Suryanarayana, Gautham Melur Sukumar, Srikala Bharath, Girish N Rao, Nandagudi Srinivasa Murthy
Depression among elderly is emerging as an important public health issue in developing countries like India. Published evidence regarding the magnitude and determinants of depression among elderly hailing from urban slum is currently limited. Hence, the current study was conducted to assess magnitude of the problem and identify factors associated with depression among the elderly in an urban slum. A cross-sectional study was done to cover total of 473 elderly persons from an urban slum in Bangalore, India. They were assessed for depression using Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale...
December 2014: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Santanu Saha, Ayan Basu, Santanu Ghosh, Arghya Kusum Saha, Upasana Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Different physiological, social and psychological factors contribute to nutritional risk in elderly population. Elderly women residing at old age homes are particularly susceptible. OBJECTIVES: To find out psychological and financial factors, if any, associated with malnutrition and risk of malnutrition. METHODS: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted on 200 residents belonging to > 65 years age group of nine old age homes selected randomly among eighteen old age homes located at south suburban areas of Kolkata from September 2010 to April 2011 using a pre-designed, pilot tested schedule containing Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) Scale and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
February 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sati P Sinha, Saurabh R Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
INTRODUCTION: With a rapidly aging society, geriatric mental health is emerging as an important public health concern. According to the WHO, prevalence of depression in adults aged ≥60 years in developed and developing countries was 0.5 million and 4.8 million respectively in 2004. In India, increased life expectancy led to a rise in the older adult population between 2001 and 2011, expected to reach 324 million by 2050. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of depression and assess association between sociodemographic parameters and depression among older adults in a rural Indian community...
October 2013: MEDICC Review
Arindam Dutta, Robins Kumar, Suruchi Malhotra, Sanjay Chugh, Alakananda Banerjee, Anirban Dutta
The World Health Organization estimated that major depression is the fourth most significant cause of disability worldwide for people aged 65 and older, where depressed older adults reported decreased independence, poor health, poor quality of life, functional decline, disability, and increased chronic medical problems. Therefore, the objectives of this study were (1) to develop a low-cost point-of-care testing system for psychomotor symptoms of depression and (2) to evaluate the system in community dwelling elderly in India...
2013: Depression Research and Treatment
Hulegar A Abhishekh, Karthik Raghuram, Swathi Shivakumar, Arjun L Balaji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2013: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
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