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Glomerulonephritis AND review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223549/membranous-nephropathy-associated-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-treated-with-corticosteroids-and-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Qinjie Weng, Xiao Li, Hong Ren, Jingyuan Xie, Xiaoxia Pan, Jing Xu, Nan Chen
BACKGROUND: Membranous nephropathy (MN) is the most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults. As many clinical cases have reported, it may be associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Antiviral therapy can be various. CASE SUMMARY: We report a case of patient with chronic HCV infection and MN, who presented with was proteinuria. He was treated with ledipasvir and sofosbuvir (Harvoni; Gilead Sciences, Foster City, CA) and was found to be virus-free. CONCLUSION: We have reported this case to provide insight into whether Ledipasvir-Sofosbuvir should be administered for HCV-related glomerulonephritis...
February 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205354/mini-review-a-unique-case-of-crescentic-c3-glomerulonephritis
#2
Dharmenaan Palamuthusingam, Murty Mantha, Kimberley Oliver, Ketan Bavishi, Shyam Dheda
Kidney involvement is an under-recognized complication of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. They occur in a variety of mechanisms and differ widely in their clinical presentation. We take this opportunity to report a case of a 65 year-old man who developed a rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis within days after completing his first cycle of R-CHOP (Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Prednisolone) chemotherapy for newly diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma. He was odematous, hypertensive, oliguric with nephrotic range proteinuria and an active urine sediment...
March 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161838/anticoagulant-related-nephropathy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature-of-an-increasingly-recognized-entity
#3
REVIEW
Rigas G Kalaitzidis, Anila Duni, Georgios Liapis, Olga Balafa, Sofia Xiromeriti, Paulos Karolos Rapsomanikis, Moses S Elisaf
Treatment with oral anticoagulants has been associated with worsening kidney function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) as well as among patients without underlying CKD. Thus, anticoagulant-related nephropathy (ARN) is an increasingly recognized entity nowadays, mainly associated with warfarin anticoagulation. Recent evidence indicates that patients treated with the direct anticoagulants may also be at risk of ARN. However, the true incidence of anticoagulant-related nephropathy is difficult to determine...
February 4, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156657/toxicities-of-the-anti-pd-1-immune-checkpoint-antibody-nivolumab-in-the-acute-inpatient-setting
#4
(no author information available yet)
: 227 Background: Knowledge of immune-system regulation led to the discovery of immune checkpoints molecules, which have demonstrated anti-tumor activity across various malignancies. These advances represent a new set of challenges for clinicians, including non-oncologists treating the cancer patient, who must develop a working knowledge of the mode of action of these agents, their unique response kinetics, and how to diagnose and effectively manage their toxicities. Nivolumab is a monoclonal immune checkpoint antibody that binds to the PD-1 receptor on T-cells, blocking PD-1 pathway-mediated anti-tumor immune response inhibition...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149647/hepatitis-c-and-kidney-disease-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Rashad S Barsoum, Emad A William, Soha S Khalil
Hepatitis-C (HCV) infection can induce kidney injury, mostly due to formation of immune-complexes and cryoglobulins, and possibly to a direct cytopathic effect. It may cause acute kidney injury (AKI) as a part of systemic vasculitis, and augments the risk of AKI due to other etiologies. It is responsible for mesangiocapillary or membranous glomerulonephritis, and accelerates the progression of chronic kidney disease due to other causes. HCV infection increases cardiovascular and liver-related mortality in patients on regular dialysis...
March 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132051/anca-associated-vasculitis-secondary-to-levamisole-adultered-cocaine-with-associated-membranous-nephropathy-a-case-series
#6
David Collister, Christie Sathianathan, Krista Ryz, Martin Karpinski, Keevin Bernstein, Ian W Gibson
BACKGROUND: Cocaine is a risk factor for acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease with progression to end-stage renal disease. Levamisole is an adulterant that is added to cocaine to enhance its euphoric effects. Levamisole-adulterated cocaine (LAC) is associated with the distinct clinical syndromes of agranulocytosis, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, cocaine-induced midline destructive lesions (CIMDL), and ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) with pauci-immune necrotizing glomerulonephritis...
January 28, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123335/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-children-a-case-series
#7
Serhat Emeksiz, Nurettin Onur Kutlu, Hüseyin Çaksen, Gülsüm Alkan, Hülya Şeker Yıkmaz, Hüseyin Tokgöz
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is characterized by hypertension, seizure, headache, clouding of consciousness, and visual disturbance, and is diagnosed in the presence of typical lesions on magnetic resonance imaging. We retrospectively evaluated five patients who were diagnosed as having posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome and followed up in Meram Medical Faculty, Pediatric Intensive Care and Hematology wards, between January 2010 and January 2014. We reviewed the demographic and clinical data, and neuroimaging findings...
December 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116572/uch-l1-expressed-by-podocytes-a-potentially-therapeutic-target-for-lupus-nephritis
#8
Ji-Hong Cui, Xin Xie
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem disease affecting many organs, and the most severe complication is lupus nephritis. Podocyte injury and loss play vital roles in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis. Studies have shown that ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) is involved in the pathogenesis and progression of many diseases, such as neurodegenerative disorders, cancers, and diabetes. Recently, numerous studies have indicated that UCH-L1 was upregulated in the podocytes in immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis...
January 23, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112049/kidney-disease-in-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-positive-children-experience-from-a-centre-in-south-west-nigeria-and-a-review-of-the-nigerian-literature
#9
Adanze O Asinobi, Adebowale D Ademola, Clement A Okolo, Adedayo A Adepoju, Susan M Samuel, Wendy E Hoy
BACKGROUND: Kidney disease is an important extra-hepatic manifestation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, there is paucity of recent literature on kidney disease in children and adolescents with HBV infection from several parts of sub-Saharan Africa including Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: To review the pattern of kidney disease in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive children and adolescents seen at a tertiary hospital in south-west Nigeria. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken of HBsAg-seropositive children with kidney disease managed at University College Hospital, Ibadan, from January 2004 to December 2015...
January 23, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098115/a-novel-fibrillin-1-mutation-in-an-egyptian-marfan-family-a-proband-showing-nephrotic-syndrome-due-to-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis
#10
Mohammad Al-Haggar, Ashraf Bakr, Yahya Wahba, Paul J Coucke, Fatma El-Hussini, Mona Hafez, Riham Eid, Abdel-Rahman Eid, Amr Sarhan, Ali Shaltout, Ayman Hammad, Sohier Yahia, Ahmad El-Rifaie, Dina Abdel-Hadi
Marfan syndrome (MFS), the founding member of connective tissue disorder, is an autosomal dominant disease; it is caused by a deficiency of the microfibrillar protein fibrillin-1 (FBN1) and characterized by involvement of three main systems; skeletal, ocular, and cardiovascular. More than one thousand mutations in FBN1 gene on chromosome 15 were found to cause MFS. Nephrotic syndrome (NS) had been described in very few patients with MFS being attributed to membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis secondary to infective endocarditis...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097101/novel-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-for-patients-with-renal-impairment
#11
REVIEW
Goki Suda, Koji Ogawa, Megumi Kimura, Masato Nakai, Takuya Sho, Kenichi Morikawa, Naoya Sakamoto
Prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is high in patients with end-stage renal dysfunction, including patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). The HCV infection itself can cause glomerulonephritis and puts individuals at increased risk of developing end-stage renal disease; fortunately, successful HCV eradication sometimes restore HCV-related renal dysfunction. Moreover, the prognosis of dialysis patients infected with HCV is significantly worse and the renal allograft survival in HCV-infected patients is also worse than in dialysis patients without HCV infection...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062909/paediatric-anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-anca-associated-vasculitis-an-update-on-renal-management
#12
REVIEW
Lucy A Plumb, Louise Oni, Stephen D Marks, Kjell Tullus
The anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV) are a group of disorders characterized by necrotizing inflammation of the small to medium vessels in association with autoantibodies against the cytoplasmic region of the neutrophil. Included in this definition are granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, formerly known as Wegener's granulomatosis), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly known as Churg-Strauss syndrome). AAV are chronic, often relapsing diseases that can be organ or life threatening...
January 6, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994856/c3-glomerulopathy-in-adults-a-distinct-patient-subset-showing-frequent-association-with-monoclonal-gammopathy-and-poor-renal-outcome
#13
Isaac E Lloyd, Alexander Gallan, Hunter K Huston, Kalani L Raphael, Dylan V Miller, Monica P Revelo, Mazdak A Khalighi
BACKGROUND: C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) includes both C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) and dense deposit disease (DDD) and is defined by C3-dominant deposits on immunofluorescence. Dysfunction of the alternative pathway (AP) of complement is central to the pathophysiology of C3G and young patients often harbor genetic alterations of AP mediators. Recently, a link between C3G and paraproteinemia has been established. We performed this study to better characterize older patients with C3G where this association is more frequently seen...
December 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938596/-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-after-renal-transplantation-in-a-child-with-anca-associated-glomerulonephritis-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
L P Rong, L Z Chen, Q Fu, W F Chen, L Z Sun, X Y Jiang, Y Mo
Objective: To study the clinical features and treatment of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) after renal transplantation in a child with ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis. Method: The clinical and pathological data of the patient treated in the Department of Pediatrics as well as in the Department of Organ Transplantation in November 2015 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, who was diagnosed with de novo FSGS after renal transplantation with a primary disease ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis, was analyzed retrospectively...
December 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932166/renal-allograft-failure-after-ipilimumab-therapy-for-metastatic-melanoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
A Jose, P Yiannoullou, S Bhutani, H Denley, M Morton, M Picton, A Summers, D van Dellen, T Augustine
Transplant recipients are at an increased risk of malignant melanoma, a result of chronic immunosuppression. Ipilimumab is a newer biological agent targeting T lymphocytes to potentiate an immune response against melanoma, and the use of this agent results in a new adverse effect profile that the clinician must be aware of while a patient is on therapy. We report the case of a male renal transplant recipient who developed graft failure while treated with ipilimumab and minimal immunosuppressive therapy for metastatic ocular melanoma, with biopsy evidence of glomerulonephritis and acute rejection...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913223/hepatitis-e-virus-infection-beyond-the-liver
#16
REVIEW
S Pischke, J Hartl, S D Pas, A W Lohse, B C Jacobs, A A van der Eijk
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections are not limited to the liver but may also affect other organs. Several diseases, including Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuralgic amyotrophy, glomerulonephritis, cryoglobulinemia, pancreatitis, lymphoma, thrombopenia, meningitis, thyreoiditis and myocarditis have been observed in the context of hepatitis E. To date the definite pathophysiological links between HEV and extrahepatic manifestations are not yet established. However, it is suggested that HEV-infection might be causative based on serological studies, case series, in vitro data and animal models...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891268/a-case-report-describing-a-rare-presentation-of-simultaneous-occurrence-of-mpo-anca-associated-vasculitis-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Nathalie Foray, Tamer Hudali, Muralidhar Papireddy, John Gao
Background. Renal-limited myeloperoxidase vasculitis with simultaneous rheumatoid arthritis is reported as a rare occurrence. Review of literature suggests that most patients had a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis for several years prior to presenting with renal failure from myeloperoxidase vasculitis. Case Presentation. A 58-year-old Caucasian male presented to the hospital experiencing malaise, fevers, decreased oral intake, nausea, and vomiting for one week duration. His past medical history consisted of newly diagnosed but untreated rheumatoid arthritis, hypertension, and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus...
2016: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885316/bartonella-endocarditis-and-pauci-immune-glomerulonephritis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Jillian E Raybould, Alison L Raybould, Megan K Morales, Misbah Zaheer, Michael S Lipkowitz, Joseph G Timpone, Princy N Kumar
Among culture-negative endocarditis in the United States, Bartonella species are the most common cause, with Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana comprising the majority of cases. Kidney manifestations, particularly glomerulonephritis, are common sequelae of infectious endocarditis, with nearly half of all Bartonella patients demonstrating renal involvement. Although a pauci-immune pattern is a frequent finding in infectious endocarditis-associated glomerulonephritis, it is rarely reported in Bartonella endocarditis...
September 2016: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876011/nivolumab-associated-acute-glomerulonephritis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Kyungsuk Jung, Xu Zeng, Marijo Bilusic
BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors are changing the landscape of oncology treatment as they are significantly improving treatment for multiple malignancies. Nivolumab, an anti-programmed death 1 antibody, is a US Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment for melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and kidney cancer but can result in a spectrum of autoimmune side effects. Adverse effects can occur within any organ system in the body including the colon, lung, liver, endocrine systems, or kidneys...
November 22, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871159/-acute-kidney-injury-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-portal-hypertension
#20
REVIEW
So Mi Kim, Il Han Song
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most common manifestations encountered in clinical practice. It is associated with high morbidity and mortality in cirrhotic pre- and post-transplantation patients. Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS), a special form of AKI in cirrhotic patients, was recognized as a consequence of renal vasoconstriction from systemic/renal hemodynamic alterations developed in advanced cirrhosis with portal hypertension. Recently, multiple factors-such as infection/inflammation, underlying glomerulonephritis, bile cast, or increased abdominal pressure-have been considered to contribute to renal dysfunction in cirrhotic patients, which were presumed to induce HRS...
November 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
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