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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475228/developmental-programming-of-happiness
#1
Louis A Schmidt, Paz Fortier, Ayelet Lahat, Alva Tang, Karen J Mathewson, Saroj Saigal, Michael H Boyle, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Being born at an extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1,000 grams) is presumed to reflect a suboptimal intrauterine environment and thus presents an opportunity for examining developmental programming hypotheses. Interfacing prenatal programming and differential susceptibility hypotheses, we tested whether individuals with ELBW in different childhood rearing environments showed different attention biases to positive and negative facial emotions in adulthood. Using the oldest known, prospectively followed cohort of ELBW survivors, we found that relative to normal birth weight controls (NBW; >2,500 grams), ELBW survivors displayed the highest and lowest attention bias to happy faces at age 30-35, depending on whether their total family income at age 8 was relatively low (environmental match) or high (environmental mismatch), respectively...
May 5, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422945/growth-pattern-and-final-height-of-very-preterm-versus-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#2
Jonneke J Hollanders, Sylvia M van der Pal, Paula van Dommelen, Joost Rotteveel, Martijn Jj Finken
BACKGROUND: Both very preterm (VP; i.e., gestational age <32 weeks) and very low birth weight (VLBW; i.e., birth weight <1,500 grams) are used as inclusion criteria by studies on preterm birth. We aimed to quantify the impact of these entities on postnatal growth until final height. METHODS: Subjects born VP and/or with VLBW from the Project On Preterm and Small-for-gestational-age infants cohort were classified as: (1) VP+/VLBW+ (n=495), (2) VP+/VLBW- (n=207) or (3) VP-/VLBW+ (n=296) infants...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249118/antenatal-determinants-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-and-late-respiratory-disease-in-preterm-infants
#3
Lindsey A Morrow, Brandie D Wagner, David A Ingram, Brenda B Poindexter, Kurt Schibler, C Michael Cotten, John Dagle, Marci K Sontag, Peter M Mourani, Steven H Abman
Rationale/Objectives: To identify antenatal risk factors associated with increased risk for BPD and respiratory disease during early childhood after preterm birth, we performed a prospective, longitudinal study of 587 preterm infants with gestational age <34 weeks and birth weights between 500-1250 grams. METHODS: Data included perinatal information and assessments during the NICU admission and longitudinal follow-up by questionnaire until 2 years of age. RESULTS: After adjusting for covariates, maternal smoking prior to preterm birth increased the odds of having an infant with BPD by 2-fold(p=0...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143994/intra-uterine-growth-retardation-and-development-of-hypertension
#4
REVIEW
Haerani Rasyid, Syakib Bakri
Low birth weight (LBW) is defined as a birth weight of a liveborn infant of <2,500 gram. In developed countries, LBW is commonly caused by preterm birth; while in developing countries, it is mostly due to intrauterine growth retardation. The concept of developmental origins of adult diseases, particularly on late-onset diseases such as hypertension and kidney disease, implies that there is a correlation between intrauterine milieu, intrauterine growth retardation, premature birth and infant feeding. The 'fetal origin hypothesis' suggests that metabolic diseases are directly related to poor nutritional status in early life...
October 2016: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099450/advanced-neonatal-medicine-in-china-a-national-baseline-database
#5
Xiang-Peng Liao, Selma Chipenda-Dansokho, Antoine Lewin, Nadia Abdelouahab, Shu-Qin Wei
Previous surveys of neonatal medicine in China have not collected comprehensive information on workforce, investment, health care practice, and disease expenditure. The goal of the present study was to develop a national database of neonatal care units and compare present outcomes data in conjunction with health care practices and costs. We summarized the above components by extracting data from the databases of the national key clinical subspecialty proposals issued by national health authority in China, as well as publicly accessible databases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067083/-examination-of-psychomotor-development-in-relation-to-social-environmental-factors-in-preterm-children-at-2-years-old
#6
Flóra Kenyhercz, Beáta Nagy
INTRODUCTION: The development of children born prematurely is an important aspect in public health, because preterm birth rates are not decreasing with the development of medical sciences. AIM: Description of psychomotor development of preterm children related to potentially influencing environmental factors. METHOD: Children born below 2.500 grams at the age of two (n = 75). Psychomotor development, quality of home environment, socio-demographic background were measured...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026756/longitudinal-analysis-of-pre-term-neonatal-cerebral-ventricles-from-3d-ultrasound-images-using-spatial-temporal-deformable-registration
#7
Wu Qiu, Yimin Chen, Jessica Kishimoto, Sandrine de Ribaupierre, Bernard Chiu, Aaron Fenster, Bijoy K Menon, Jing Yuan
Preterm neonates with a very low birth weight of less than 1,500 grams are at increased risk for developing intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), which is a major cause of brain injury in preterm neonates. Quantitative measurements of ventricular dilatation or shrinkage play an important role in monitoring patients and evaluating treatment options. 3D ultrasound (US) has been developed to monitor ventricle volume as a biomarker for ventricular changes. However, ventricle volume as a global indicator does not allow for precise analysis of local ventricular changes, which could be linked to specific neurological problems often seen in the patient population later in life...
April 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871268/metformin-and-dietary-advice-to-improve-insulin-sensitivity-and-promote-gestational-restriction-of-weight-among-pregnant-women-who-are-overweight-or-obese-the-grow-randomised-trial
#8
Jodie M Dodd, Rosalie M Grivell, Andrea R Deussen, Gustaaf Dekker, Jennie Louise, William Hague
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a significant global health problem, with approximately 50% of women entering pregnancy having a body mass index greater than or equal to 25 kg/m(2). Obesity during pregnancy is associated with a well-recognised increased risk of adverse health outcomes both for the woman and her infant. Currently available data from large scale randomised trials and systematic reviews highlight only modest effects of antenatal dietary and lifestyle interventions in limiting gestational weight gain, with little impact on clinically relevant pregnancy outcomes...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869383/-geographic-distribution-of-perinatal-mortality-due-to-congenital-malformations-in-colombia-1999-2008-an-analysis-of-vital-statistics-data
#9
Sandra Patricia Misnaza, Claudia Patricia Roncancio, Isabel Cristina Peña, Franklin Edwin Prieto
INTRODUCTION: During 2012, 13% of the deaths worldwide in children under the age of 28 days were due to congenital malformations. In Colombia, congenital malformations are the second leading cause of infant mortality. Objective: To determine the geographical distribution of extended perinatal mortality due to congenital malformations in Colombia between 1999 and 2008. Materials and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study. We revised all death certificates issued between 1999 and 2008...
September 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436253/-reproductive-health-in-high-environmental-risk-areas-in-sicily-region-southern-italy-in-the-period-2007-2013
#10
Achille Cernigliaro, Elisa Tavormina, Gabriella Dardanoni, Salvatore Scondotto
BACKGROUND: Augusta-Priolo (SR), Gela (CL), and Milazzo (ME) cities, located in Sicily Region (Southern Italy), are included among the areas at high environmental risk in Italy and the national legislation classifies them among the polluted sites of national interest for environmental remediation. In the past, these areas had high contamination from industrial complexes. OBJECTIVES: assessment of reproductive health through the analysis of data from the birth reports of all hospital of Sicily Region in 2007-2013...
March 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187582/neonatal-mortality-of-planned-home-birth-in-the-united-states-in-relation-to-professional-certification-of-birth-attendants
#11
Amos Grünebaum, Laurence B McCullough, Birgit Arabin, Robert L Brent, Malcolm I Levene, Frank A Chervenak
INTRODUCTION: Over the last decade, planned home births in the United States (US) have increased, and have been associated with increased neonatal mortality and other morbidities. In a previous study we reported that neonatal mortality is increased in planned home births but we did not perform an analysis for the presence of professional certification status. PURPOSE: The objective of this study therefore was to undertake an analysis to determine whether the professional certification status of midwives or the home birth setting are more closely associated with the increased neonatal mortality of planned midwife-attended home births in the United States...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27167651/air-pollutants-associated-with-insufficient-birth-weight
#12
Veridiana de Paula Santos, Andréa Paula Peneluppi de Medeiros, Thaiza Agostini Cordoba de Lima, Luiz Fernando Costa Nascimento
INTRODUCTION: A growing number of studies have shown consistent evidence of the harmful effects of air pollution on human health, as well as its effects on newborn weight. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of air pollution on birth weight, more specifically the insufficient birth weight (identified between 2,500 and 2,999 grams). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study based on data gathered from all babies born to mothers living in São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil, between the years of 2006 to 2010...
March 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130810/parent-language-a-predictor-for-neurodevelopmental-follow-up-care-among-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight
#13
Monica Eneriz-Wiemer, Olga Saynina, Vandana Sundaram, Henry C Lee, Jay Bhattacharya, Lee M Sanders
OBJECTIVE: Preterm/very low birth weight infants may suffer neurodevelopmental delays. Pediatricians should monitor neurodevelopment and pursue timely referrals. Yet parents who speak non-English primary languages (NEPL) report worse health care communication and fewer appropriate specialty referrals for their children. We sought to determine whether infants of NEPL parents receive recommended outpatient follow-up care for neurodevelopment. We hypothesized that these infants received less care than infants of English speakers...
September 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936312/early-intervention-leads-to-long-term-developmental-improvements-in-very-preterm-infants-especially-infants-with-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jwp Van Hus, M Jeukens-Visser, K Koldewijn, R Holman, J H Kok, F Nollet, A G Van Wassenaer-Leemhuis
AIM: Various early intervention programmes have been developed in response to the high rate of neurodevelopmental problems in very preterm infants. We investigated longitudinal effects of the Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program on cognitive and motor development of very preterm infants at the corrected ages of six months to five and a half years. METHODS: This randomised controlled trial divided 176 infants with a gestational age <32 weeks or birthweight <1500 g into intervention (n = 86) and control (n = 90) groups...
July 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26800867/necrotizing-enterocolitis-and-the-use-of-loop-diuretics-in-very-low-birth-weight-neonates
#15
Mariatu A Cole, Christopher DeRienzo, Maragatha Kutchibhatla, Charles Michael Cotten, Obinna O Adibe
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a gastrointestinal disease of premature, very low birth weight neonates resulting in sepsis and death. Loop diuretics are widely used in neonates as a treatment for pulmonary fluid retention. An association between diuretic use and NEC has not been explored. METHODS: The medical records of all neonates admitted to Duke Children's Hospital between 2007 and 2012 with a birth weight ≤1,500 grams were reviewed. RESULTS: Using multivariable logistic regression analysis, we found that loop diuretic administration was not a risk factor for the development of NEC...
April 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26639719/mild-anemia-as-a-protective-factor-against-pregnancy-loss
#16
L O Buzyan
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia is traditionally considered to be a pathological condition during pregnancy. According to the standards, prescription of iron supplements to pregnant women is required at hemoglobin levels of 110 g/l and lower. Numerous studies at different periods showed the relationship of anemia and premature birth [5], preeclampsia [1], low birth-weight [2]. Meanwhile, physiological hemodilution carries in pregnancy an important adaptive function. It is well known, that in the second half of pregnancy physiological hypercoagulability develops (increased activity of the plasma clotting factors, platelet aggregation, decreased activity and blood concentrations of physiological anticoagulants) aimed at implementing adequate hemostasis in labor...
2015: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26521537/multi-hospital-community-nicu-quality-improvement-improves-survival-of-elbw-infants
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jack D Owens, Thomas Soltau, Danny McCaughn, Jason Miller, Patrick O'Mara, Kenny Robbins, David M Temple, David F Wender
Quality improvement or high reliability in medicine is an evolving science where we seek to integrate evidence-based medicine, structural resources, process management, leadership models, culture, and education. Newborn Associates is a community-based neonatology practice that staffs and manages neonatal intensive care units (NICU's) at Central Mississippi Medical Center, Mississippi Baptist Medical Center, River Oaks Hospital, St Dominic's Hospital and Woman's Hospital within the Jackson, Mississippi, metropolitan area...
August 2015: Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26461964/health-related-quality-of-life-in-very-low-birth-weight-children-at-nearly-eight-years-of-age
#18
Mira Huhtala, Riikka Korja, Liisi Rautava, Liisa Lehtonen, Leena Haataja, Helena Lapinleimu, Päivi Rautava
AIM: This study examined the impact of prematurity-related morbidity on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of premature children at eight years of age, compared to term born controls of same age. METHODS: We focused on 155 premature, very low birth weight (VLBW) infants weighing up to 1500 g who were born from 2001 to 2006 in Turku University Hospital, Finland, and compared them with 129 full-term controls. Cognitive development and length was assessed at five years of age and the children self-reported 17 dimensions of HRQoL at eight years of age...
January 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26461802/very-low-birthweight-infants-face-an-increased-risk-of-bloodstream-infections-following-the-removal-of-umbilical-catheters
#19
Simon Lindquist, Elisabet Hentz, Ingemar Tessin, Anders Elfvin
AIM: This study examined whether there was a temporal association between removing umbilical catheters and bloodstream infections (BSI) in a neonatal intensive care unit, as this is an area of research that has not received sufficient attention. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study of all neonates receiving umbilical catheters during 2011 and 2012 in the neonatal intensive care unit at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. The time from umbilical catheter removals to the first subsequent BSI was recorded...
April 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26436790/-early-neonatal-sepsis-incidence-and-associated-risk-factors-in-a-public-hospital-in-western-mexico
#20
René Oswaldo Pérez, Juan Carlos Lona, Moisés Quiles, Miguel Ángel Verdugo, Elba Patricia Ascencio, Edith Adriana Benítez
BACKGROUND: Early neonatal sepsis (EOS) is the second leading cause of death in the first week of life. Epidemiology differs in developed and developing countries. AIM: To describe the epidemiology of EOS among newborn patients in a public hospital in western Mexico. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed in newborns of Nuevo Hospital Civil de Guadalajara "Dr. Juan I Menchaca". EOS was diagnosed with blood cultures or cultures of cerebrospinal fluid within the first 72 h of life...
August 2015: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
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