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Birth weight 500 gram

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871268/metformin-and-dietary-advice-to-improve-insulin-sensitivity-and-promote-gestational-restriction-of-weight-among-pregnant-women-who-are-overweight-or-obese-the-grow-randomised-trial
#1
Jodie M Dodd, Rosalie M Grivell, Andrea R Deussen, Gustaaf Dekker, Jennie Louise, William Hague
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a significant global health problem, with approximately 50% of women entering pregnancy having a body mass index greater than or equal to 25 kg/m(2). Obesity during pregnancy is associated with a well-recognised increased risk of adverse health outcomes both for the woman and her infant. Currently available data from large scale randomised trials and systematic reviews highlight only modest effects of antenatal dietary and lifestyle interventions in limiting gestational weight gain, with little impact on clinically relevant pregnancy outcomes...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869383/-geographic-distribution-of-perinatal-mortality-due-to-congenital-malformations-in-colombia-1999-2008-an-analysis-of-vital-statistics-data
#2
Sandra Patricia Misnaza, Claudia Patricia Roncancio, Isabel Cristina Peña, Franklin Edwin Prieto
INTRODUCTION: During 2012, 13% of the deaths worldwide in children under the age of 28 days were due to congenital malformations. In Colombia, congenital malformations are the second leading cause of infant mortality. Objective: To determine the geographical distribution of extended perinatal mortality due to congenital malformations in Colombia between 1999 and 2008. Materials and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study. We revised all death certificates issued between 1999 and 2008...
September 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436253/-reproductive-health-in-high-environmental-risk-areas-in-sicily-region-southern-italy-in-the-period-2007-2013
#3
Achille Cernigliaro, Elisa Tavormina, Gabriella Dardanoni, Salvatore Scondotto
BACKGROUND: Augusta-Priolo (SR), Gela (CL), and Milazzo (ME) cities, located in Sicily Region (Southern Italy), are included among the areas at high environmental risk in Italy and the national legislation classifies them among the polluted sites of national interest for environmental remediation. In the past, these areas had high contamination from industrial complexes. OBJECTIVES: assessment of reproductive health through the analysis of data from the birth reports of all hospital of Sicily Region in 2007-2013...
March 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187582/neonatal-mortality-of-planned-home-birth-in-the-united-states-in-relation-to-professional-certification-of-birth-attendants
#4
Amos Grünebaum, Laurence B McCullough, Birgit Arabin, Robert L Brent, Malcolm I Levene, Frank A Chervenak
INTRODUCTION: Over the last decade, planned home births in the United States (US) have increased, and have been associated with increased neonatal mortality and other morbidities. In a previous study we reported that neonatal mortality is increased in planned home births but we did not perform an analysis for the presence of professional certification status. PURPOSE: The objective of this study therefore was to undertake an analysis to determine whether the professional certification status of midwives or the home birth setting are more closely associated with the increased neonatal mortality of planned midwife-attended home births in the United States...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27167651/air-pollutants-associated-with-insufficient-birth-weight
#5
Veridiana de Paula Santos, Andréa Paula Peneluppi de Medeiros, Thaiza Agostini Cordoba de Lima, Luiz Fernando Costa Nascimento
INTRODUCTION: A growing number of studies have shown consistent evidence of the harmful effects of air pollution on human health, as well as its effects on newborn weight. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of air pollution on birth weight, more specifically the insufficient birth weight (identified between 2,500 and 2,999 grams). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study based on data gathered from all babies born to mothers living in São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil, between the years of 2006 to 2010...
March 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130810/parent-language-a-predictor-for-neurodevelopmental-follow-up-care-among-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight
#6
Monica Eneriz-Wiemer, Olga Saynina, Vandana Sundaram, Henry C Lee, Jay Bhattacharya, Lee M Sanders
OBJECTIVE: Preterm/very low birth weight infants may suffer neurodevelopmental delays. Pediatricians should monitor neurodevelopment and pursue timely referrals. Yet parents who speak non-English primary languages (NEPL) report worse health care communication and fewer appropriate specialty referrals for their children. We sought to determine whether infants of NEPL parents receive recommended outpatient follow-up care for neurodevelopment. We hypothesized that these infants received less care than infants of English speakers...
September 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936312/early-intervention-leads-to-long-term-developmental-improvements-in-very-preterm-infants-especially-infants-with-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#7
Jwp Van Hus, M Jeukens-Visser, K Koldewijn, R Holman, J H Kok, F Nollet, A G Van Wassenaer-Leemhuis
AIM: Various early intervention programmes have been developed in response to the high rate of neurodevelopmental problems in very preterm infants. We investigated longitudinal effects of the Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program on cognitive and motor development of very preterm infants at the corrected ages of six months to five and a half years. METHODS: This randomised controlled trial divided 176 infants with a gestational age <32 weeks or birthweight <1500 g into intervention (n = 86) and control (n = 90) groups...
July 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26800867/necrotizing-enterocolitis-and-the-use-of-loop-diuretics-in-very-low-birth-weight-neonates
#8
Mariatu A Cole, Christopher DeRienzo, Maragatha Kutchibhatla, Charles Michael Cotten, Obinna O Adibe
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a gastrointestinal disease of premature, very low birth weight neonates resulting in sepsis and death. Loop diuretics are widely used in neonates as a treatment for pulmonary fluid retention. An association between diuretic use and NEC has not been explored. METHODS: The medical records of all neonates admitted to Duke Children's Hospital between 2007 and 2012 with a birth weight ≤1,500 grams were reviewed. RESULTS: Using multivariable logistic regression analysis, we found that loop diuretic administration was not a risk factor for the development of NEC...
April 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26639719/mild-anemia-as-a-protective-factor-against-pregnancy-loss
#9
L O Buzyan
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia is traditionally considered to be a pathological condition during pregnancy. According to the standards, prescription of iron supplements to pregnant women is required at hemoglobin levels of 110 g/l and lower. Numerous studies at different periods showed the relationship of anemia and premature birth [5], preeclampsia [1], low birth-weight [2]. Meanwhile, physiological hemodilution carries in pregnancy an important adaptive function. It is well known, that in the second half of pregnancy physiological hypercoagulability develops (increased activity of the plasma clotting factors, platelet aggregation, decreased activity and blood concentrations of physiological anticoagulants) aimed at implementing adequate hemostasis in labor...
2015: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26521537/multi-hospital-community-nicu-quality-improvement-improves-survival-of-elbw-infants
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jack D Owens, Thomas Soltau, Danny McCaughn, Jason Miller, Patrick O'Mara, Kenny Robbins, David M Temple, David F Wender
Quality improvement or high reliability in medicine is an evolving science where we seek to integrate evidence-based medicine, structural resources, process management, leadership models, culture, and education. Newborn Associates is a community-based neonatology practice that staffs and manages neonatal intensive care units (NICU's) at Central Mississippi Medical Center, Mississippi Baptist Medical Center, River Oaks Hospital, St Dominic's Hospital and Woman's Hospital within the Jackson, Mississippi, metropolitan area...
August 2015: Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26461964/health-related-quality-of-life-in-very-low-birth-weight-children-at-nearly-eight-years-of-age
#11
Mira Huhtala, Riikka Korja, Liisi Rautava, Liisa Lehtonen, Leena Haataja, Helena Lapinleimu, Päivi Rautava
AIM: This study examined the impact of prematurity-related morbidity on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of premature children at eight years of age, compared to term born controls of same age. METHODS: We focused on 155 premature, very low birth weight (VLBW) infants weighing up to 1500 g who were born from 2001 to 2006 in Turku University Hospital, Finland, and compared them with 129 full-term controls. Cognitive development and length was assessed at five years of age and the children self-reported 17 dimensions of HRQoL at eight years of age...
January 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26461802/very-low-birthweight-infants-face-an-increased-risk-of-bloodstream-infections-following-the-removal-of-umbilical-catheters
#12
Simon Lindquist, Elisabet Hentz, Ingemar Tessin, Anders Elfvin
AIM: This study examined whether there was a temporal association between removing umbilical catheters and bloodstream infections (BSI) in a neonatal intensive care unit, as this is an area of research that has not received sufficient attention. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study of all neonates receiving umbilical catheters during 2011 and 2012 in the neonatal intensive care unit at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. The time from umbilical catheter removals to the first subsequent BSI was recorded...
April 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26436790/-early-neonatal-sepsis-incidence-and-associated-risk-factors-in-a-public-hospital-in-western-mexico
#13
René Oswaldo Pérez, Juan Carlos Lona, Moisés Quiles, Miguel Ángel Verdugo, Elba Patricia Ascencio, Edith Adriana Benítez
BACKGROUND: Early neonatal sepsis (EOS) is the second leading cause of death in the first week of life. Epidemiology differs in developed and developing countries. AIM: To describe the epidemiology of EOS among newborn patients in a public hospital in western Mexico. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed in newborns of Nuevo Hospital Civil de Guadalajara "Dr. Juan I Menchaca". EOS was diagnosed with blood cultures or cultures of cerebrospinal fluid within the first 72 h of life...
August 2015: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26418211/one-extra-gram-of-protein-to-preterm-infants-from-birth-to-1800%C3%A2-g-a-single-blinded-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Maria Paola Bellagamba, Elisabetta Carmenati, Rita D'Ascenzo, Michela Malatesta, Cristina Spagnoli, Chiara Biagetti, Ilaria Burattini, Virgilio P Carnielli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect on growth and neurodevelopment of increasing amino acid (AA) during parenteral nutrition and protein intake during enteral nutrition in extremely low birth-weight infants starting from birth to day of reaching 1800 g body weight. METHODS: We randomized preterm infants with birth weight 500 to 1249 g either to a high AA/protein intake (HiP [high protein]: parenteral nutrition = 3.5 AA, enteral nutrition = 4...
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26371026/high-birth-weight-increases-the-risk-for-bone-tumor-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Songfeng Chen, Lin Yang, Feifei Pu, Hui Lin, Baichuan Wang, Jianxiang Liu, Zengwu Shao
There have been several epidemiologic studies on the relationship between high birth weight and the risk for bone tumor in the past decades. However, due to the rarity of bone tumors, the sample size of individual studies was generally too small for reliable conclusions. Therefore, we have performed a meta-analysis to pool all published data on electronic databases with the purpose to clarify the potential relationship. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 18 independent studies with more than 2796 cases were included...
September 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26186019/impact-of-pre-pregnancy-diabetes-mellitus-on-congenital-anomalies-canada-2002-2012
#16
S Liu, J Rouleau, J A León, R Sauve, K S Joseph, J G Ray
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of pre-pregnancy diabetes mellitus (DM) on the population birth prevalence of congenital anomalies in Canada. METHODS: We carried out a population-based study of all women who delivered in Canadian hospitals (except those in the province of Quebec) between April 2002 and March 2013 and their live-born infants with a birth weight of 500 grams or more and/or a gestational age of 22 weeks or more. Pre-pregnancy type 1 or type 2 DM was identified using ICD-10 diagnostic codes...
July 2015: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26076349/elective-delivery-at-term-after-a-previous-unexplained-intra-uterine-fetal-death-audit-of-delivery-outcome-at-tygerberg-hospital-south-africa
#17
Stefan Gebhardt, Leana Oberholzer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the delivery outcome in a pregnancy with a previous unexplained intra-uterine death by elective induction of labour at term. METHODS: An audit of the pregnancy outcome of all women within the catchment area with a current singleton pregnancy; and a previous unexplained or unexplored singleton fetal demise ≥24 weeks (or 500 grams birth weight if gestation unknown) after planned routine induction of labour at full term (39-40 weeks). RESULTS: During the audit period, 306 patients with a previous intra-uterine fetal death were referred for further management...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26071924/infant-maternal-and-geographic-factors-influencing-gastroschisis-related-mortality-in-zimbabwe
#18
Jordan C Apfeld, Sherry M Wren, Nyasha Macheka, Bothwell A Mbuwayesango, Matias Bruzoni, Karl G Sylvester, Zachary J Kastenberg
INTRODUCTION: Survival for infants with gastroschisis in developed countries has improved dramatically in recent decades with reported mortality rates of 4-7%. Conversely, mortality rates for gastroschisis in sub-Saharan Africa remain as great as 60% in contemporary series. This study describes the burden of gastroschisis at the major pediatric hospital in Zimbabwe with the goal of identifying modifiable factors influencing gastroschisis-related infant mortality. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all cases of gastroschisis admitted to Harare Children's Hospital in 2013...
December 2015: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25987113/impact-of-maternal-and-neonatal-factors-on-parameters-of-hematopoietic-potential-in-umbilical-cord-blood
#19
Sara Y Al-Deghaither
OBJECTIVES: To determine characteristics of laboratory parameters of hematopoietic potential in umbilical cord blood and their association with maternal and neonatal factors.  METHODS: This prospective analysis was performed on 206 umbilical cord blood donations (50-200 ml) from King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between January and September 2014. Samples were processed and analyzed for total nucleated cells (TNC's), cluster designation (CD)45+, CD34+ counts, nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) count, and viability testing...
June 2015: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25958709/c-reactive-protein-as-a-single-useful-parameter-for-discontinuation-of-antibiotic-treatment-in-thai-neonates-with-clinical-sepsis
#20
Nawapom Numbenjapon, Sangkae Chamnanwanakij, Preeyapan Sangaroon, Sriluck Simasathien, Veerachai Watanaveeradej
BACKGROUND: Clinical sepsis is a common diagnosis in neonate and is usually treated with antibiotic. The duration of treatment is usually more than five days or until all cultures from the patient's samples reveal negative. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether quantitative C-reactive protein (CRP) level less than 10 mg/L could be used as a reliable index for discontinuation of antibiotic treatment in Thai neonates with clinical sepsis. MATERIAL AND METHOD: All neonates with birth weight greater than 1,500 grams, diagnosed as clinical sepsis, were enrolled to the study...
April 2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
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