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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053733/novel-calpain-families-and-novel-mechanisms-for-calpain-regulation-in-aplysia
#1
Margaret H Hastings, Katrina Gong, Alexander Freibauer, Caitlin Courchesne, Xiaotang Fan, Wayne S Sossin
Calpains are a family of intracellular proteases defined by a conserved protease domain. In the marine mollusk Aplysia californica, calpains are important for the induction of long-term synaptic plasticity and memory, at least in part by cleaving protein kinase Cs (PKCs) into constitutively active kinases, termed protein kinase Ms (PKMs). We identify 14 genes encoding calpains in Aplysia using bioinformatics, including at least one member of each of the four major calpain families into which metazoan calpains are generally classified, as well as additional truncated and atypical calpains...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053051/photobiomodulation-therapy-alleviates-tissue-fibroses-associated-with-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-two-case-reports-and-putative-anti-fibrotic-roles-of-tgf-%C3%AE
#2
Joel B Epstein, Judith E Raber-Durlacher, Marie-Charlotte Huysmans, Maria C E Schoordijk, Jerry E Cheng, Rene-Jean Bensadoun, Praveen R Arany
OBJECTIVE: Patients who receive allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may experience oral complications due to chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). The manifestations may include progressive sclerosis-like changes that may involve various body sites, including the oropharynx. METHODS AND RESULTS: We present two cGVHD cases of oropharyngeal fibrotic changes that affected functions that were treated with photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy. These case reports suggest that PBM therapy represents an additional, innovative approach affecting discrete phases in cGVHD-associated fibrotic changes...
October 19, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051766/overexpression-of-the-maize-zmnlp6-and-zmnlp8-can-complement-the-arabidopsis-nitrate-regulatory-mutant-nlp7-by-restoring-nitrate-signaling-and-assimilation
#3
Huairong Cao, Shengdong Qi, Mengwei Sun, Zehui Li, Yi Yang, Nigel M Crawford, Yong Wang
Nitrate is a key nutrient that affects maize growth and yield, and much has yet to be learned about nitrate regulatory genes and mechanisms in maize. Here, we identified nine ZmNLP genes in maize and analyzed the functions of two ZmNLP members in nitrate signaling. qPCR results revealed a broad pattern of expression for ZmNLP genes in different stages and organs with the highest levels of transcript expression of ZmNLP6 and ZmNLP8. When ZmNLP6 and ZmNLP8 were overexpressed in the Arabidopsis nitrate regulatory gene mutant nlp7-4, nitrate assimilation and induction of nitrate-responsive genes in the transgenic plants were recovered to WT levels, indicating that ZmNLP6 and ZmNLP8 can replace the essential roles of the master nitrate regulatory gene AtNLP7 in nitrate signaling and metabolism...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051279/expansion-of-epor-negative-macrophages-besides-erythroblasts-by-elevated-epor-signaling-in-erythrocytosis-mouse-models
#4
Jieyu Wang, Yoshihiro Hayashi, Asumi Yokota, Zefeng Xu, Yue Zhang, Rui Huang, Xiaomei Yan, Hongyun Liu, Liping Ma, Mohammad Azam, James P Bridges, Jose A Cancelas, Theodosia A Kalfa, Xiuli An, Zhijian Xiao, Gang Huang
Activated EPO receptor (EPOR) signaling causes erythrocytosis. The important role of macrophages for the erythroid expansion and differentiation process has been reported, both in baseline and stress erythropoiesis. However, the significance of EPOR signaling for regulation of macrophages contributing to erythropoiesis has not been fully understood. Here we show that EPOR signaling activation quickly expands both erythrocytes and macrophages in vivo in mouse models of primary and secondary erythrocytosis. To mimic the chimeric condition and expansion of the disease clone in the polycythemia vera patients, we combined Cre-inducible Jak2V617F/+ allele with LysM-Cre allele which expresses in mature myeloid cells and some of the HSC/Ps (LysM-Cre;Jak2V617F/+ mice)...
October 19, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050585/non-cytotoxic-hybrid-bioscaffolds-of-chitosan-silica-sol-gel-synthesis-characterization-and-proposed-application
#5
Athit Pipattanawarothai, Chomchai Suksai, Klaokwan Srisook, Thanida Trakulsujaritchok
Biohybrid chitosan-silica scaffolds were synthesized through the sol-gel and the freeze drying processes. Hydrolysis and condensation of chitosan with tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) in the presence of 3-isocyanatopropyl triethoxysilane (ICPTES) were successfully carried out. Results obtained from FTIR, swelling test and pyrolysis confirmed that the hybrid scaffolds containing covalent coupling between the organic and inorganic networks were formed with high crosslink density of SiOSi bridging and could be classified as the class II material...
December 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050275/alisol-b-23-acetate-induces-autophagic-dependent-apoptosis-in-human-colon-cancer-cells-via-ros-generation-and-jnk-activation
#6
Yueliang Zhao, Edmund T S Li, Mingfu Wang
Alisol B 23-acetate (AB23A), a natural triterpenoid from the rhizome of Alisma orientale, a Chinese medicinal herb, has multiple physiological activities including anticancer. However, its effect on human colon cancer and the underlying mechanism are not clear. Here, we reported for the first time that AB23A induced cell cycle G1 phase arrest and apoptotic cell death in colon cancer cells. Autophagy also occurred in AB23A-treated HCT116 cells as evidenced by the accumulation of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 form II (LC3-II) and degradation of SQSTM1/p62...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049925/omics-tools-new-challenges-in-aquatic-nanotoxicology
#7
REVIEW
Messika Revel, Amélie Châtel, Catherine Mouneyrac
In recent years, the implication of genomics into ecotoxicological studies has been studied closely to allow a better understanding of organism's responses to environmental contaminants including engineering nanomaterials (ENMs). ENMs are increasingly produced for various applications including cosmetics, electronics, sports equipment, biomedicine and agriculture. Because of their small size, ENMs possess chemical or physical characteristics improved compared to the corresponding macro-sized material. As their application expend, the release of manufactured ENMs into the environment is likely to increase and concern over impacts for the aquatic ecosystem is growing...
October 12, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048673/the-ethanol-extracts-of-sporoderm-broken-spores-of-ganoderma-lucidum-inhibit-colorectal-cancer-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#8
Kang Li, Kun Na, Tingting Sang, Kaikai Wu, Ying Wang, Xingya Wang
The medicinal mushroom Ganoderma lucidum (G. lucidum) has been reported to possess a variety of pharmacological activities including anticancer effects. However, the anti-colorectal cancer effects and the potential molecular mechanisms of the ethanol extracts of sporoderm-broken spores of G. lucidum (BSGLEE), which mainly contains triterpenoids, have not been reported. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anticancer effects and molecular mechanisms exerted by BSGLEE on colorectal cancer in vitro and in vivo...
September 27, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048654/telmisartan-inhibits-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-proliferation-in-vitro-by-inducing-cell-cycle-arrest
#9
Kyoko Oura, Tomoko Tadokoro, Shintaro Fujihara, Asahiro Morishita, Taiga Chiyo, Eri Samukawa, Yoshimi Yamana, Koji Fujita, Teppei Sakamoto, Takako Nomura, Hirohito Yoneyama, Hideki Kobara, Hirohito Mori, Hisakazu Iwama, Keiichi Okano, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Tsutomu Masaki
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignancy of the liver and the third leading cause of cancer-related death. Telmisartan, a widely used antihypertensive drug, is an angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blocker (ARB) that might inhibit cancer cell proliferation, but the mechanisms through which telmisartan affects various cancers remain unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of telmisartan on human HCC and to assess the expression of microRNAs (miRNAs). We studied the effects of telmisartan on HCC cells using the HLF, HLE, HepG2, HuH-7 and PLC/PRF/5 cell lines...
September 20, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048638/reversal-effect-of-adenovirus-mediated-human-interleukin%C3%A2-24-transfection-on-the-cisplatin-resistance-of-a549-ddp-lung-cancer-cells
#10
Mingju Xu, Xioawei Tang, Jinjin Guo, Wangbang Sun, Faqing Tang
Interleukin-24 (IL-24) is a tumor-suppressor gene that has been documented in human melanoma cells. IL-24 has marked antitumor activities on various types of human cancer, but its underlying mechanism remains unclear. In the present, we investigated the effects of human IL-24 (hIL-24) on the chemotherapy resistance of lung cancer cells. The cisplatin (DDP)-resistant lung carcinoma cell line A549/DDP was subjected to adenovirus-mediated transfection with the human IL-24 gene (Ad-hIL-24). The growth-inhibitory and apoptotic effects of Ad-hIL-24 on A549/DDP cells were observed, and the expression levels of AKT, phosphorylated-AKT (p-AKT) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) were detected...
September 26, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048631/autophagy-induction-enhances-tetrandrine-induced-apoptosis-via-the-ampk-mtor-pathway-in-human-bladder-cancer-cells
#11
Bo Kou, Wei Liu, Xu Xu, Yang Yang, Qiuyue Yi, Fengwei Guo, Jianpeng Li, Jinsong Zhou, Qingshan Kou
Tetrandrine, a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from the roots of Stephania tetrandra is a traditional Chinese medicine and exerts anticancer capacity in various types of cancers. Previous studies have shown that tetrandrine induces apoptosis in bladder cancer cells via activation of the caspase cascade. However, the underlying mechanism has not yet been reported. Autophagy is a cellular process involved in the degradation of broken proteins and aging organelles to maintain homeostasis. Recent studies indicate that autophagy is implicated in cancer therapy...
September 21, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048618/dual-action-of-nsc606985-on-cell-growth-and-apoptosis-mediated-through-pkc%C3%AE-in-prostatic-cancer-cells
#12
Xin Wang, Chen Tan, Guo Wang, Jing-Jing Cai, Li-Ping Wang, Julianne Imperato-McGinley, Yuan-Shan Zhu
Chemotherapy is a vital therapeutic strategy for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). We have previously shown that NSC606985 (NSC), a camptothecin (CPT) analog, induced cell apoptosis via interacting with topoisomerase I (Topo I) in prostate cancer cells. In the present study, the effect and mechanism of CPT analogs in LAPC4 cells were investigated. LAPC-4 cells were treated with NSC, CPT, and topotecan. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, and protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ) subcellular activation were measured at different doses and time-points, with or without PKCδ inhibition or knockdown of PKCδ expression...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048088/synthesis-characterization-and-biological-activity-of-new-cyclometallated-platinum-iv-iodido-complexes
#13
Emma Bauer, Xavier Domingo, Cristina Balcells, Ibrahim H Polat, Margarita Crespo, Josefina Quirante, Josefa Badía, Laura Baldomà, Mercè Font-Bardia, Marta Cascante
The synthesis of six novel cyclometallated platinum(iv) iodido complexes is accomplished by intermolecular oxidative addition of methyl iodide (compounds 2a-2c) or iodine (compounds 3a-3c) upon cyclometallated platinum(ii) compounds [PtX{(CH3)2N(CH2)3NCH(4-ClC6H3)}] (1a-1c: X = Cl, CH3 or I). The X-ray molecular structures of platinum(ii) compound 1c and platinum(iv) compounds 3b and 3a' (an isomer of 3a) are reported. The cytotoxic activity against a panel of human adenocarcinoma cell lines (A-549 lung, MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast, and HCT-116 colon), DNA interaction, topoisomerase I, IIα, and cathepsin B inhibition, and cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and ROS generation of the investigated complexes are presented...
October 19, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047264/the-inactivation-of-erk1-2-p38-and-nf-kb-is-involved-in-the-down-regulation-of-osteoclastogenesis-and-function-by-a2b-adenosine-receptor-stimulation
#14
Bo Hyun Kim, Ju Hee Oh, Na Kyung Lee
A2B adenosine receptor (A2BAR) is known to be the regulator of bone homeostasis, but its regulatory mechanisms in osteoclast formation are less well-defined. Here, we demonstrate the effect of A2BAR stimulation on osteoclast differentiation and activity by RANKL. A2BAR was expressed in bone marrow-derived monocyte/macrophage (BMM) and RANKL increased A2BAR expression during osteoclastogenesis. A2BAR stimulation with its specific agonist BAY 60-6583 was sufficient to inhibit the activation of ERK1/2, p38 MAP kinases and NF-κB by RANKL as well as it abrogated cell-cell fusion in the late stage of osteoclast differentiation...
October 17, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047260/gsk-j4-mediated-transcriptomic-alterations-in-differentiating-embryoid-bodies
#15
Chanchal Mandal, Sun Hwa Kim, Sung Chul Kang, Jin Choul Chai, Young Seek Lee, Kyoung Hwa Jung, Young Gyu Chai
Histone-modifying enzymes are key players in the field of cellular differentiation. Here, we used GSK-J4 to profile important target genes that are responsible for neural differentiation. Embryoid bodies were treated with retinoic acid (10 μM) to induce neural differentiation in the presence or absence of GSK-J4. To profile GSKJ4-target genes, we performed RNA sequencing for both normal and demethylaseinhibited cells. A total of 47 and 58 genes were up- and down-regulated, respectively, after GSK-J4 exposure at a log2-fold-change cut-off value of 1...
October 17, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047037/diesel-exhaust-particles-and-the-induction-of-macrophage-activation-and-dysfunction
#16
REVIEW
Akeem O Lawal
Diesel exhaust particles (DEP) are an important component of air particulate matter, generated from the incomplete combustion of fossil fuel in diesel engines. Several epidemiological and experimental data have shown the ability of DEP to induce oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory response as mechanisms in macrophage activation and dysfunction. Macrophages are very important to immunity and immune response due to their ability to phagocyte microbes and parasites. They also respond to toxic chemicals, such as DEP, in the environment and studies have shown that their functions may be impaired by their exposure to DEP...
October 19, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046823/functionalization-of-ti-40nb-implant-material-with-strontium-by-reactive-sputtering
#17
Markus Göttlicher, Marcus Rohnke, Yannik Moryson, Jürgen Thomas, Joachim Sann, Anja Lode, Matthias Schumacher, Romy Schmidt, Stefan Pilz, Annett Gebert, Thomas Gemming, Jürgen Janek
BACKGROUND: Surface functionalization of orthopedic implants with pharmaceutically active agents is a modern approach to enhance osseointegration in systemically altered bone. A local release of strontium, a verified bone building therapeutic agent, at the fracture site would diminish side effects, which could occur otherwise by oral administration. Strontium surface functionalization of specially designed titanium-niobium (Ti-40Nb) implant alloy would provide an advanced implant system that is mechanically adapted to altered bone with the ability to stimulate bone formation...
2017: Biomaterials Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046777/effect-of-palmitoylethanolamide-on-inflammatory-and-neuropathic-pain-in-rats
#18
Tai-Kyung Seol, Wonho Lee, Sunah Park, Kyu Nam Kim, Tae Yeon Kim, You Na Oh, Jong Hun Jun
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggests that neuroinflammation, which is characterized by infiltration of immune cells, activation of mast cells and glial cells, and production of inflammatory mediators in the peripheral and central nervous systems, plays an important role in the induction and maintenance of chronic pain. Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), which is a type of N-acylethanolamide and a lipid, has an anti-inflammatory effect. Relative to the anti-inflammatory effect, little is known about its analgesic effect in chronic pain...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046645/computational-cardiac-modeling-reveals-mechanisms-of-ventricular-arrhythmogenesis-in-long-qt-syndrome-type-8-cacna1c-r858h-mutation-linked-to-ventricular-fibrillation
#19
Jieyun Bai, Kuanquan Wang, Yashu Liu, Yacong Li, Cuiping Liang, Gongning Luo, Suyu Dong, Yongfeng Yuan, Henggui Zhang
Functional analysis of the L-type calcium channel has shown that the CACNA1C R858H mutation associated with severe QT interval prolongation may lead to ventricular fibrillation (VF). This study investigated multiple potential mechanisms by which the CACNA1C R858H mutation facilitates and perpetuates VF. The Ten Tusscher-Panfilov (TP06) human ventricular cell models incorporating the experimental data on the kinetic properties of L-type calcium channels were integrated into one-dimensional (1D) fiber, 2D sheet, and 3D ventricular models to investigate the pro-arrhythmic effects of CACNA1C mutations by quantifying changes in intracellular calcium handling, action potential profiles, action potential duration restitution (APDR) curves, dispersion of repolarization (DOR), QT interval and spiral wave dynamics...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046460/myeloid-dendritic-cells-repress-human-cytomegalovirus-gene-expression-and-spread-by-releasing-interferon-unrelated-soluble-antiviral-factors
#20
Bahram Kasmapour, Tobias Kubsch, Ulfert Rand, Britta Eiz-Vesper, Martin Messerle, Florian W R Vondran, Bettina Wiegmann, Axel Haverich, Luka Cicin-Sain
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a beta-herpesvirus that latently infects most adult humans worldwide and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised hosts. Latent human CMV (HCMV) is believed to reside in precursors of myeloid-lineage, leukocytes and monocytes, which give raise to macrophages and dendritic cells. We report here that human monocyte derived DCs (mo-DC) suppress HCMV infection in coculture with infected fibroblasts target cells in an effector-to-target-ratio dependent manner. Intriguingly, optimal activation of mo-DC was achieved in coculture conditions, not by their direct infection with HCMV, implying that mo-DC may recognize unique molecular patterns on, or within, infected fibroblasts...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Virology
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