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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727969/fetal-dysmorphology-still-an-essential-art-analysis-of-the-limitations-of-microarray-in-a-fetal-population-and-a-look-toward-the-genome-sequencing-era
#1
E Fletcher, M Porteous, K J McKenzie, E J Maher, M J Evans
Cytogenomic microarray allows assessment of the genome at higher resolutions than traditional karyotyping. The objective of this study is to evaluate the utility of microarray in a routine fetal autopsy setting before the advent of routine fetal exome/genome sequencing and the issues these technologies may generate. A systematic review of fetal postmortems at 12-24 weeks gestation between January 2011 and December 2014 was undertaken. Cases where there was no consent for audit, research, or genetic testing were excluded as were cases referred to the Procurator Fiscal, stillbirths, and neonatal deaths...
July 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726526/integrated-care-coordination-by-an-interprofessional-team-reduces-emergency-department-visits-and-hospitalisations-at-an-academic-health-centre
#2
Anne H Gaglioti, Patrick Barlow, Kate DuChene Thoma, George R Bergus
People with chronic behavioural and physical health conditions have higher healthcare costs and mortality rates than patients with chronic physical conditions alone. As a result, there has been promotion of integrated care for this group. It is important to train primary care residents to practice in integrated models of care with interprofessional teams and to evaluate the effectiveness of integrated care models to promote high-quality care for this at-risk group. We implemented an integrated, interprofessional care management programme for adults with chronic mental and physical health needs as part of a curriculum for family medicine and family medicine psychiatry residents...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724394/development-of-newborn-screening-connect-nbs-connect-a-self-reported-patient-registry-and-its-role-in-improvement-of-care-for-patients-with-inherited-metabolic-disorders
#3
Yetsa Osara, Kathryn Coakley, Aishwarya Devarajan, Rani H Singh
BACKGROUND: Newborn Screening Connect (NBS Connect) is a web-based self-reported patient registry and resource for individuals and families affected by disorders included in the newborn screening panel. NBS Connect was launched in 2012 by Emory University after years of planning and grassroots work by professionals, consumers, and industry. Individuals with phenylketonuria (PKU), maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) or tyrosinemia (TYR) have been recruited through distribution of outreach materials, presentations at parent organization meetings and direct recruitment at clinic appointments...
July 19, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724150/pregnancy-options-counseling-and-abortion-referrals-among-us-primary-care-physicians-results-from-a-national-survey
#4
Kelsey Holt, Elizabeth Janiak, Marie C McCormick, Ellice Lieberman, Christine Dehlendorf, Sandhya Kajeepeta, Jacquelyn M Caglia, Ana Langer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary care physicians (PCPs) can play a critical role in addressing unintended pregnancy through high-quality options counseling and referrals. METHODS: We surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3,000 PCPs in general, family, and internal medicine on practices and opinions related to options counseling for unintended pregnancy. We assessed predictors of physician practices using multivariable logistic regression weighted for sampling design and differential non-response...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718382/establishing-clinical-pharmacy-services-with-prescribing-privileges-in-a-federally-qualified-health-center-primary-care-clinic
#5
Jeany K Jun
OBJECTIVES: To describe the process and cost of establishing clinical pharmacy services with prescribing privileges in a federally qualified health center (FQHC) primary care clinic. SETTING: The primary care clinic was located in a low-income area of Southern California and served patients with Medicaid and Medicare. The primary care clinic had preventive medicine and family medicine physicians, a family medicine residency program, behavioral health services, and a registered dietician...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715290/trainees-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-caring-for-the-substance-exposed-mother-infant-dyad
#6
Davida M Schiff, Barry Zuckerman, Elisha M Wachman, Megan Bair-Merritt
BACKGROUND: As rates of substance use disorder during pregnancy rise, pediatric trainees are increasingly caring for infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). This study evaluated the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of trainees caring for substance-exposed newborns and their families, comparing differences by level and type of training, and personal experience with addiction or trauma. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of medical students, pediatric, medicine/pediatrics and family medicine residents in 2015-2106...
July 17, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711883/medical-evaluation-of-efficiency-of-optimized-models-for-early-detection-and-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#7
Vyacheslav M Zhdan, Irina A Holovanova, Valentina L Filatova, Maxim V Khorosh
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays cardiovascular disease occupies a leading place in the structure of the prevalence, incidence, disability causes and mortality of the adult population in Ukraine and in the whole world. The prevalence of hypertension in the adult population ranges from 25 - 40%, coronary heart disease is almost 20% of people aged 50-59 years while 24.3% of them have a form of silent coronary artery disease. The feasibility of study is justified by the need to perform health institutions Law of Ukraine dated 07...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710700/enhancing-state-medical-home-capacity-through-a-care-coordination-technical-assistance-model
#8
Susan Berry, Patti Barovechio, Emily Mabile, Tri Tran
Introduction A practice-based care coordination (CC) model was developed by Louisiana's Title V Children's Special Health Services (CSHS) program to meet the overwhelming needs of the New Orleans post-Katrina population. The pilot clinic demonstrated an improvement in medical home (MH) capacity over the course of 3 months. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the replicability of the model and sustainability of MH improvement over at least 2 years, while identifying factors that may modify the effect of the intervention...
July 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707205/knowledge-and-preferences-of-primary-care-providers-in-delivering-head-and-neck-cancer-survivorship-care
#9
Callie Berkowitz, Deborah H Allen, Jennifer Tenhover, Leah L Zullig, John Ragsdale, Jonathan E Fischer, Kathryn I Pollak, Bridget F Koontz
Long-term care for head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors is complex and requires coordination among multiple providers. Clinical practice guidelines highlight the role of primary care providers (PCPs) in screening for secondary cancer/recurrence, assessment of late/long-term side effects, and referrals for appropriate specialty management of toxicity. However, these responsibilities may be difficult to meet within the scope of primary care practice. We conducted this study to explore preferences, comfort, and knowledge of PCPs in the care of HNC survivors...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704010/-smarter-medicine-in-ambulatory-care-beliefs-and-practices-of-family-doctors-and-training-of-future-clinicians
#10
Christine Cohidon, Kevin Selby, Jacques Cornuz, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Nicolas Senn
Following an American and then international initiative, the Swiss Society of Internal Medicine launched the « Smarter Medicine » campaign in 2014 with five recommendations of activities to be avoided, focusing on low back pain, antibiotic prescriptions, pre-operative chest x-rays, prostate cancer screening and treatment with proton pump inhibitors. In 2016, 69 % of family physicians reported that they knew the recommendations and levels of agreement were very high. However, physicians reported differences between recommendations in how often they are followed in practice, and there remains room for improvement...
January 25, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694275/the-chief-primary-care-medical-officer-restoring-continuity
#11
Noemi Doohan, Jennifer DeVoe
The year 2016 marked the 20th anniversary of the hospitalist profession, with more than 50,000 physicians identifying as hospitalists. The Achilles heel of hospitalist medicine, however, is discontinuity. Despite many current payment and delivery systems rewarding this discontinuity and severing long-term relationships between patient and primary care teams at the hospital door, primary care does not stop being important when a person is admitted to the hospital. The notion of a broken primary care continuum is not an academic construct, it causes real harm to patients...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#12
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684839/how-did-we-do-an-investigation-into-the-suitability-of-patient-questionnaires-prems-and-proms-in-three-primary-care-oral-surgery-practices
#13
G Gerrard, R Jones, R J Hierons
Introduction With the expansion of oral surgery services into the primary care sector there is a need to monitor the quality of the care provided. The Guide for Commissioning Oral Surgery and Oral Medicine proposed a set of questions to be used as patient related experience and outcome measures (PREMs and PROMs).Aim The British Association of Oral Surgeons (BAOS) primary care group (which includes the authors) were tasked by the Chief Dental Officer for England to test the suitability of these PREMs and PROMs...
July 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682298/wound-care-centers-critical-thinking-and-treatment-strategies-for-wounds
#14
Jean de Leon, Gregory A Bohn, Lawrence DiDomenico, Regina Fearmonti, H David Gottlieb, Katherine Lincoln, Jayesh B Shah, Mark Shaw, Horatio S Taveau Iv, Kerry Thibodeaux, John D Thomas, Terry A Treadwell
Many wound care centers (WCCs) provide a specialized level of care using various wound care therapies and are managed by quali ed healthcare professionals (QHPs) from di erent specialty backgrounds such as family medicine, podiatry, and plastic surgery. However, these QHPs are sometimes challenged by reimbursement issues, limited therapy and dressing options, reduced access to multidisciplinary team members, and cost-driven factors unique to WCCs. To help address these issues, a meeting was convened by an expert panel of WCC physicians to discuss best practices for treating complex patients in a WCC...
October 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681597/evidence-based-position-paper-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-professional-practice-for-persons-with-obesity-and-related-comorbidities-the-european-prm-position-uems-prm-section
#15
Paolo Capodaglio, Elena Ilieva, Aydan Oral, Carlotte Kiekens, Stefano Negrini, Enrique Varela Donoso, Nicolas Christodoulou
INTRODUCTION: The WHO world health statistics report in 2015 shows that in Europe the overall obesity rate among adults is 21.5% in males and 24.5% in females. Obesity has important consequences for morbidity, disability and quality of life. AIM: The aim of the paper is to improve Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine physicians' professional practice for the rehabilitation of patients with obesity and related comorbidities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature and a Consensus procedure by means of a Delphi method process has been performed involving the delegates of all European countries represented in the UEMS PRM Section...
July 5, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679812/challenges-in-understanding-and-respecting-patients-preferences
#16
Amber E Barnato
The Institute of Medicine's report on Dying in America called for honoring treatment preferences near the end of life for seriously ill patients. To achieve this objective, the report recommended that patients, their family members, other loved ones, and providers engage in shared decision making about current and future treatment decisions (that is, advance care planning). Yet decision science research suggests that preferences are objectively difficult to specify for complex contingencies and subjectively difficult to specify for unfamiliar choices...
July 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674130/a-cross-sectional-study-estimating-the-burden-of-illness-related-to-genital-warts-in-south-korea
#17
Taek Sang Lee, Smita Kothari-Talwar, Puneet K Singhal, Karen Yee, Amit Kulkarni, Nuria Lara, Montserrat Roset, Anna R Giuliano, Suzanne M Garland, Woong Ju
OBJECTIVES: Estimate the prevalence of genital warts (GW) and GW-related healthcare resource use and costs among male and female patients seeking treatment in South Korea. DESIGN: To estimate GW prevalence, physicians in five major South Korean regions recorded daily logs of patients (n=71 655) seeking care between July 26 and September 27, 2011. Overall prevalence estimates (and 95% CIs) were weighted by the estimated number of physicians in each specialty and the estimated proportion of total patients visiting each specialist type...
July 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668217/-non-invasive-ventilation-and-pediatric-palliative-care-a-french-survey
#18
B Ringuier, F Troussier, G Boussicault, C Chapotte, P Rachieru
OBJECTIVES: The benefits of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) have been clearly demonstrated in pediatrics. In palliative care, NIV can improve the level of comfort and quality of life and can decrease dyspnea. The objective was to survey pediatricians' opinions and practices regarding NIV in palliative care in France. DESIGN: A mail survey was conducted among pediatric pneumologists, intensivists and palliative medicine consultants from February 2015 to March 2015...
June 28, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661890/reflective-practice-and-social-responsibility-in-family-medicine-effect-of-performing-an-international-rotation-in-a-developing-country
#19
Christine Loignon, Thomas Gottin, Carol Valois, François Couturier, Robert Williams, Pierre-Michel Roy
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perceived effect of an elective international health rotation on family medicine resident learning. DESIGN: Qualitative, collaborative study based on semistructured interviews. SETTING: Quebec. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 12 family medicine residents and 9 rotation supervisors (N = 21). METHODS: Semistructured interviews of residents and rotation supervisors. MAIN FINDINGS: Residents and supervisors alike reported that their technical skills and relationship skills had benefited...
November 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655343/cardiopulmonary-arrest-in-primary-care-clinics-more-holes-than-cheese-a-survey-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-care-physicians-regarding-resuscitation
#20
Sharon Einav, Oren Wacht, Nechama Kaufman, Eliezer Alkalay
BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing pre-arrest symptoms may first refer to their primary care physician. The study's aim was to determine the likelihood that a patient undergoing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest will receive appropriate resuscitation efforts in a primary care clinic in a country with a directive that clinics maintain resuscitation equipment and physicians undergo periodic resuscitation training. METHODS: An anonymous, 23-question online cross-sectional survey was created and administered to primary care physicians working in community clinics (10/1/2015-5/3/2015)...
June 10, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
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