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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328488/synthesis-and-application-of-131i-fulvestrant-as-a-targeted-radiation-drug-for-endocrine-therapy-in-human-breast-cancer
#1
Guobing Yin, Bin Zeng, Zhiping Peng, Ying Liu, Lu Sun, Changan Liu
The aim of this study was to label fulvestrant (an endocrine therapy drug for breast cancer) with radioiodine and to evaluate the effect of 131I-fulvestrant on inhibiting the growth of human breast cancer and its influence on major organs in nude mice. Fulvestrant was labeled with radioiodine using a modified chloramine T method, and its chemical properties were assessed using traditional methods. The binding affinity of 131I-fulvestrant was measured by radioligand binding assays, and its antiproliferative activity was determined by MTT assays...
January 11, 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323252/clinical-value-of-99mtc-3prgd2-spect-ct-in-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma-with-negative-131i-whole-body-scan-and-elevated-thyroglobulin-level
#2
Rui Gao, Guang-Jian Zhang, Yuan-Bo Wang, Yan Liu, Fan Wang, Xi Jia, Yi-Qian Liang, Ai-Min Yang
The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of integrin imaging with 99mTc-PEG4-E[PEG4-c(RGDfK)]2 (99mTc-3PRGD2) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) in detecting recurrent disease in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), negative radioiodine whole-body scan (WBS) and high serum thyroglobulin (Tg). Thirty-seven patients who underwent total thyroidectomy followed by radioactive iodine ablation and had negative radioiodine WBS but elevated Tg levels were included...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316865/effects-of-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-on-peripheral-thyroid-hormone-metabolism-and-serum-lipids
#3
Carolien M Beukhof, Elske Theresia Massolt, Theo J Visser, Tim Korevaar, Marco Medici, Wouter W de Herder, Jeanine Roeters van Lennep, Monique Mulder, Yolanda B de Rijke, Christoph Reiners, Frederik A Verburg, Robin Peeters
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism is associated with dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis. Whether part of these effects are mediated via direct effects of TSH on peripheral TH metabolism and/or concentrations of serum lipids is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) has direct effects on peripheral thyroid hormone (TH) metabolism and serum lipids. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 82 patients with differentiated thyroid cancer...
January 9, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315139/-dtpa-pabn-leu5-des-acyl-ghrelin-1-5-as-a-new-carrier-of-radionuclides-and-potential-precursor-of-radiopharmaceuticals
#4
Grzegorz Wójciuk, Marcin Kruszewski
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin is a peptide consisting of 28 aminoacids and an octadecyl side chain (acyl group) binding to the growth hormone secretagogue receptor type 1a (GHS-R1a). Its des-acylated form, des-acyl ghrelin (DAG) binds to the corticotropin releasing factor receptor type 2a (CRF2a) located on endocrine cancer cells such as the prostate carcinoma cell line DU 145. AIM: The aim of this study is to develop a new DAG-based carrier of radionuclides with potential application in therapy...
January 8, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305726/evaluation-of-necrosis-avidity-and-potential-for-rapid-imaging-of-necrotic-myocardium-of-radioiodinated-hypocrellins
#5
Qiaomei Jin, Juanzhi Zhao, Meng Gao, Yuanbo Feng, Wei Liu, Zhiqi Yin, Tiannv Li, Shaoli Song, Yicheng Ni, Jian Zhang, Dejian Huang, Dongjian Zhang
PURPOSE: Rapid noninvasive delineation of necrotic myocardium in ischemic regions is very critical for risk stratification and clinical decision-making but still challenging. This study aimed to evaluate the necrosis avidity of radioiodinated hypocrellins and its potential for rapidly imaging necrotic myocardium. PROCEDURES: The aggregation constants of four natural hypocrellins were analyzed by UV/vis spectroscopy. Then, they were radiolabeled with iodine-131 by iodogen oxidation method...
January 5, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286511/cerebral-impact-of-prenatal-irradiation-by-131i-an-experimental-model-of-clinical-neuroradioembryological-effects
#6
V V Talko, K M Loganovsky, I P Drozd, Ye V Tukalenko, T K Loganovska, S Yu Nechayev, S V Masiuk, Ye M Prokhorova
Human brain in prenatal period is a most vulnerable to ionizing radiation body structure. Unlike atomic bombings or radiological interventions in healthcare leading at most to external irradiation the intensive internal exposure may occur upon nuclear reactor accidents followed by substantial release and fallout of radioactive 131I. The latter can lead to specific neuroradioembryological effects. OBJECTIVE: To create an experimental model of prenatal cerebral radiation effects of 131I in human and to determine the experimental and clinical neuroradioembryological effects...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286493/twenty-five-years-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine-progress-and-priorities-for-future-of-radiation-medicine-and-biology
#7
D Bazyka
After the creation of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine in 1993 the Research Center for Radiation Medicine was among the first institutions to join the Academy (fig. 1). Estab lishing the Academy was among the first steps of the independent Ukrainian government and aimed to provide a high level health care for population. It was extremely needed for the minimization of Chornobyl medical consequences. This choice was related to a growing recognition of the scientific research in fulfilling the Сenter's mission - study of the effects of low dose radiation on human body and radiation protection of the exposed population...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279694/a-case-of-thyroid-papillary-carcinoma-remarkable-decrease-in-multiple-lung-metastases-within-40-years-after-a-single-administration-of-radioiodine-without-thyroidectomy-and-with-later-anaplastic-transformation
#8
Chio Okuyama, Mitsuhiro Kimura, Minori Oda, Naohiro Kodani, Norihiro Aibe, Hideya Yamazaki
Differentiated thyroid carcinoma is an uncommon malignancy of childhood and adolescence that is unique because it has an overall favorable prognosis despite its relatively high rate of nodal and distant metastases. Total thyroidectomy and positive 131I therapy are recommended for cases with pulmonary metastases. In contrast, anaplastic thyroid cancer is one of the most aggressive malignancies that have an unfavorable and miserable prognosis. We report a case with an impressively long history. The patient had multiple pulmonary metastases that had been diagnosed by 131I administration when he was 14 years old, about 45 years before he underwent thyroidectomy...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278520/malignant-struma-ovarii-harboring-a-unique-nras-mutation-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Carlo Gobitti, Alessandro Sindoni, Chiara Bampo, Tanja Baresic, Giorgio Giorda, Lara Alessandrini, Vincenzo Canzonieri, Giovanni Franchin, Eugenio Borsatti
Struma ovarii (SO), a rare tumor containing at least 50% of thyroid tissue, represents approximately 5% of all ovarian teratomas; its malignant transformation rate is reported to occur in up to 10% of cases and metastases occur in about 5-6% of them. We describe a 36-year old woman who underwent laparoscopic left annessectomy two years earlier because of an ovarian cyst. Follow-up imaging revealed a right adnexal mass, ascitis and peritoneal nodes that were diagnosed as comprising a malignant SO with peritoneal secondary localizations at histopathology performed after intervention...
July 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273698/effective-dose-in-nuclear-medicine-studies-and-spect-ct-dosimetry-survey-across-quebec-province
#10
Mathieu Charest, Chantal Asselin
Purpose: The aims of the current survey were to draw a portrait of the delivered dose in nuclear medicine selected studies and to assess the degree of changes since an earlier survey performed in 2010. Methods: Each surveyed site had to fill two forms about the administered activity in selected nuclear medicine studies and about the CT parameters used in SPECT/CT imaging, if available. The administered activities were converted into effective doses using the most recent conversion factors. Diagnostic reference levels were computed for each imaging procedure, in order to provide a benchmark for comparison...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258609/complete-remission-of-metastatic-pheochromocytoma-in-123i-metaiodobenzylguanidine-scintigraphy-after-a-single-session-of-131i-metaiodobenzylguanidine-therapy-a-case-report
#11
Teruaki Sugino, Ryosuke Ando, Rei Unno, Keitaro Iida, Taku Naiki, Shuzo Hamamoto, Kentaro Mizuno, Atsushi Okada, Yukihiro Umemoto, Noriyasu Kawai, Keiichi Tozawa, Yutaro Hayashi, Anri Inaki, Daiki Kayano, Seigo Kinuya, Takahiro Yasui
BACKGROUND: Pheochromocytomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors, with a malignancy frequency of approximately 10%. The treatment of malignant pheochromocytoma is palliative, and the traditional management strategy has limited efficacy. Furthermore, no clear criteria exist for the treatment of metastatic pheochromocytoma, especially for unresectable lesions. We report a case of complete remission of metastatic pheochromocytoma in 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy after a single session of 131I-MIBG therapy...
December 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243585/review-the-role-of-radiolabeled-dota-conjugated-peptides-for-imaging-and-treatment-of-childhood-neuroblastoma
#12
Natasha Alexander, Reza Vali, Hojjat Ahmadzadehfar, Amer Shammas, Sylvain Baruchel
Childhood neuroblastoma is a heterogenous disease with varied clinical presentation and biology requiring different approaches to investigation and management. Meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) is an essential component of metastatic staging for neuroblastoma and has been used as a treatment strategy for relapsed and refractory neuroblastoma. However,10% of children with neuroblastoma will have 123I-MIBG non-avid imaging and up to 60% with relapsed and refractory neuroblastoma will require further treatment with 131I-MIBG, alternative radioisotopes have been investigated for imaging and treatment...
December 14, 2017: Current Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243128/measurement-of-131i-activity-in-air-indoor-polish-nuclear-medical-hospital-as-a-tool-for-an-internal-dose-assessment
#13
K Brudecki, A Szczodry, T Mróz, A Kowalska, J W Mietelski
This paper presents results of 131I air activity measurements performed within nuclear medical hospitals as a tool for internal dose assessment. The study was conducted at a place of preparation and administration of 131I ("hot room") and at a nurse station. 131I activity measurements were performed for 5 and 4 consecutive working days, at the "hot room" and nurse station, respectively. Iodine from the air was collected by a mobile HVS-30 aerosol sampler combined with a gas sampler. Both the gaseous and aerosol fractions were measurement...
December 14, 2017: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239276/radiolabeled-anti-adenosine-triphosphate-synthase-monoclonal-antibody-as-a-theragnostic-agent-targeting-angiogenesis
#14
Bok-Nam Park, Su Jin Lee, Jung Hyun Roh, Kyung-Han Lee, Young-Sil An, Joon-Kee Yoon
INTRODUCTION: The potential of a radioiodine-labeled, anti-adenosine triphosphate synthase monoclonal antibody (ATPS mAb) as a theragnostic agent for simultaneous cancer imaging and treatment was evaluated. METHODS: Adenosine triphosphate synthase monoclonal antibody was labeled with radioiodine, then radiotracer uptake was measured in 6 different cancer cell lines. In vivo biodistribution was evaluated 24 and 48 hours after intravenous injection of 125I-ATPS mAb into MKN-45 tumor-bearing mice (n = 3)...
January 2017: Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238922/rational-evaluation-of-the-therapeutic-effect-and-dosimetry-of-auger-electrons-for-radionuclide-therapy-in-a-cell-culture-model
#15
Ayaka Shinohara, Hirofumi Hanaoka, Tetsuya Sakashita, Tatsuhiko Sato, Aiko Yamaguchi, Noriko S Ishioka, Yoshito Tsushima
OBJECTIVE: Radionuclide therapy with low-energy auger electron emitters may provide high antitumor efficacy while keeping the toxicity to normal organs low. Here we evaluated the usefulness of an auger electron emitter and compared it with that of a beta emitter for tumor treatment in in vitro models and conducted a dosimetry simulation using radioiodine-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) as a model compound. METHODS: We evaluated the cellular uptake of 125I-MIBG and the therapeutic effects of 125I- and 131I-MIBG in 2D and 3D PC-12 cell culture models...
December 13, 2017: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237081/131i-internal-contamination-and-committed-dose-assessment-among-nuclear-medicine-medical-personnel
#16
K Brudecki, A Kluczewska-Galka, T Mróz, B Jarzab, P Zagrodzki, P Janowski
This study presents 131I thyroid activity measurements of 56 employees of the Department of Nuclear Medicine and Endocrine Oncology, Centre for Oncology in Gliwice. The research instrument was a whole-body spectrometer. In 44 out of 56 examined staff members, the determined 131I activity was found to be above the detection limit. The measured activities ranged from 6 ± 2 to 457 ± 118 Bq. The maximum estimated committed effective dose reached was 1.5 mSv/y. The results were compared with previous measurements conducted in another Polish nuclear medical unit...
December 11, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228620/unfavorable-efficacy-to-131i-ablation-in-brafv600e-mutant-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-with-positive-tgab
#17
Na Zhang, Jun Liang, Yan-Song Lin
The BRAFV600E mutation has shown a close relationship of aggressiveness in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), while it remains unclear about its influence on the therapeutic response. As a common clinicopathologic risk factor, thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) may have a correlation of prognosis in PTC. The objective was to investigate the relationship between BRAFV600E mutation and TgAb, and their combined effect on efficacy to radioiodine remnant ablation (RRA). This was a retrospective study including 298 PTC patients and they were divided into four groups according to the combined status...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226682/first-evaluation-of-radioiodinated-flavonoids-as-necrosis-avid-agents-and-application-in-the-early-assessment-of-tumor-necrosis
#18
Jiajia Liang, Ziping Sun, Dongjian Zhang, Qiaomei Jin, Lingqiao Cai, Lin Ma, Wei Liu, Yicheng Ni, Jian Zhang, Zhiqi Yin
A rapid and accurate identification of necrotic tissues is of great importance to define disease severity, predict prognosis and monitor responses to therapies. To seek necrosis-avid agents with clinically translational potential, we first evaluated the necrosis avidity of flavonoids in rodent models of muscular, myocardial and tumoral necrosis. In this study, the necrosis avidity of eight radioiodinated 5,7-dihydroxyflavones was tested by ex vivo gamma counting, histochemical staining, and autoradiography in mouse models of ethanol-induced muscular necrosis...
December 11, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225073/corrigendum-to-131i-labeled-chitosan-hydrogels-for-radioembolization-a-preclinical-study-in-small-animals-nucl-med-biol-52-2017-16-23
#19
Hyosook Hwang, Kwang Il Kim, JeongIl Kwon, Byoung Soo Kim, Hwan-Seok Jeong, Su Jin Jang, Phil-Sun Oh, Ho Sung Park, Seok Tae Lim, Myung-Hee Sohn, Hwan-Jeong Jeong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217738/radiolabeled-4-fluoro-3-iodobenzyl-guanidine-improves-imaging-and-targeted-radionuclide-therapy-of-norepinephrine-transporter-expressing-tumors
#20
Aiko Yamaguchi, Hirofumi Hanaoka, Tetsuya Higuchi, Yoshito Tsushima
Fluorine-18 (18F)/Iodine-131 (131I)-labeled (4-Fluoro-3-iodobenzyl)guanidine (FIBG) have been a promising yet unattainable derivative of radioiodine-labeled meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG), because of the complex radiofluorination method. Here, we proposed a 2-step radiosynthetic method for 18F-FIBG, and evaluated the diagnostic and therapeutic potential of 18F-FIBG and 131I-FIBG in a pheochromocytoma model (PC-12). Methods:18F-FIBG was prepared from a (mesityl)(aryl)iodonium salt precursor in the presence of a copper-catalyst...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
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