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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786848/annual-report-to-the-nation-on-the-status-of-cancer-part-i-national-cancer-statistics
#1
Kathleen A Cronin, Andrew J Lake, Susan Scott, Recinda L Sherman, Anne-Michelle Noone, Nadia Howlader, S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Albert U Firth, Jiemin Ma, Betsy A Kohler, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate to provide annual updates on cancer occurrence and trends in the United States. METHODS: Incidence data were obtained from the CDC-funded and NCI-funded population-based cancer registry programs and compiled by NAACCR. Data on cancer deaths were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics National Vital Statistics System...
May 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786585/hygienic-assessment-of-the-effects-of-pesticides-application-on-adult-population-morbidity-with-thyroid-gland-diseases
#2
Anna M Antonenko, Olena P Vavrinevych, Maria M Korshun, Sergiy T Omelchuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: It is proved that some groups of fungicides and herbicides are capable of affecting the thyroid gland, provoking its growth, leading to a compensatory change in the activity of the hormones synthesis. Therefore, the presence of their residual amounts in plant may affect the level of thyroid gland pathology. The aim of the work was to analyze the influence of pesticide application on the Ukrainian adult population morbidity with thyroid diseases in the period from 2001 to 2014...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786136/temporal-trends-in-the-epidemiology-of-cervical-cancer-in-south-africa-1994-2012
#3
Gbenga Olorunfemi, Ntombizodwa Ndlovu, Gwinyai Masukume, Admire Chikandiwa, Pedro T Pisa, Elvira Singh
Cervical cancer (CC) is the leading cause of cancer death among female South Africans (SA). Improved access to reproductive health services following multi-ethnic democracy in 1994, HIV epidemic, and the initiation of CC population-based screening in early 2000's have influenced the epidemiology of CC in SA. We therefore evaluated the trends in CC age-standardized incidence (ASIR) (1994 - 2009) and mortality rates (ASMR) (2004 - 2012) using data from the South African National Cancer Registry and the Statistics South Africa, respectively...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786125/neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-use-in-breast-cancer-is-greatest-in-excellent-responders-triple-negative-and-her2-subtypes
#4
Brittany L Murphy, Courtney N Day, Tanya L Hoskin, Elizabeth B Habermann, Judy C Boughey
BACKGROUND: While breast cancer has historically been treated with surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) and radiation when indicated, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) use is thought to be increasing; however, the trends of its use in various biological subtypes have not been evaluated. We sought to evaluate the trend of NAC use over time by biological subtype. METHODS: We identified all patients with invasive breast cancer who underwent curative intent surgery and were treated with chemotherapy from 2010 to 2015 from the National Cancer Database...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786037/preliminary-outcome-of-individualized-abdominoperineal-excision-for-locally-advanced-low-rectal-cancer
#5
Yi Zheng, Jia-Gang Han, Zhen-Jun Wang, Zhi-Gang Gao, Guang-Hui Wei, Zhi-Wei Zhai, Bao-Cheng Zhao
Background: The introduction of individualized abdominoperineal excision (APE) may minimize operative trauma and reduce the rate of complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of individualized APE for low rectal cancer. Methods: Fifty-six patients who underwent individualized APE from June 2011 to June 2015 were evaluated retrospectively in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University. The main outcome measures were circumferential resection margin (CRM) involvement, intraoperative perforation, postoperative complications, and local recurrence...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785764/the-effect-of-the-2009-uspstf-breast-cancer-screening-recommendations-on-breast-cancer-in-michigan-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Jamie Caughran, Tom M Braun, Tara M Breslin, Daniel R Smith, Jennifer L Kreinbrink, Grace K Parish, Alan T Davis, Teresa A Bacon-Baguley, Samuel M Silver, Norah L Henry
In 2009, the revised United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines recommended against routine screening mammography for women age 40-49 years and against teaching self-breast examinations (SBE). The aim of this study was to analyze whether breast cancer method of presentation changed following the 2009 USPSTF screening recommendations in a large Michigan cohort. Data were collected on women with newly diagnosed stage 0-III breast cancer participating in the Michigan Breast Oncology Quality Initiative (MiBOQI) registry at 25 statewide institutions from 2006 to 2015...
May 21, 2018: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785682/the-modified-memorial-symptom-assessment-scale-short-form-a-modified-response-format-and-rational-scoring-rules
#7
J L Sharp, K Gough, M C Pascoe, A Drosdowsky, V T Chang, P Schofield
PURPOSE: The Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale Short Form (MSAS-SF) is a widely used symptom assessment instrument. Patients who self-complete the MSAS-SF have difficulty following the two-part response format, resulting in incorrectly completed responses. We describe modifications to the response format to improve useability, and rational scoring rules for incorrectly completed items. METHODS: The modified MSAS-SF was completed by 311 women in our Peer and Nurse support Trial to Assist women in Gynaecological Oncology; the PeNTAGOn study...
May 21, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785462/the-prognostic-value-of-tumour-stroma-ratio-and-tumour-budding-in-stage-ii-colon-cancer-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#8
Ann Christina Eriksen, Flemming B Sørensen, Jan Lindebjerg, Henrik Hager, René dePont Christensen, Sanne Kjær-Frifeldt, Torben F Hansen
PURPOSE: High-risk patients with stage II colon cancer (CC) may benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy, but additional prognostic markers are needed for better stratification. We investigated the prognostic value of tumour stroma ratio (TSR) and tumour budding (TB). METHODS: A nationwide population-based cohort of 573 patients with stage II CC was included. TSR was scored on hematoxylin and eosin sections as low TSR (> 50% stroma) and high TSR (≤ 50% stroma)...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785289/what-is-the-role-of-wedge-resection-for-t1a-lung-cancer
#9
Sebron Harrison, Brendon Stiles, Nasser Altorki
Since 1995, lobar resection became the standard of care for medically fit patients with early stage lung cancer. This was based on the results of a single randomized trial comparing lobectomy and sublobar resection (SLR) in stage I lung cancer conducted by the lung cancer study group between 1982 and 1988. The conclusions of the study included a statistically significant tripling in loco-regional recurrence (LR) after limited resection but no difference between the two arms of the trial in systemic recurrence...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785157/cancer-risk-associated-with-living-at-high-altitude-in-ecuadorian-population-from-2005-to-2014
#10
David Israel Garrido, Santiago Moises Garrido
Background and aims: Cancer is a leading cause of death in Ecuador with high social and economic impact. This study aims to determinate the influence of living at a high altitude on the risk of developing or dying from cancer among the Ecuadorian population. Methods: This is an ecological and epidemiological analysis of cancer mortality and prevalence rates, based on national data from the Ecuadorian National Statistics and Census Institute, corresponding to the period between 2005 and 2014...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785156/correlations-of-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-1-aldh1-expression-with-traditional-prognostic-parameters-and-different-molecular-subtypes-of-breast-carcinoma
#11
Piyabi Sarkar, Keya Basu, Pubali Sarkar, Uttara Chatterjee, Madhumita Mukhopadhyay, Manoj Kumar Choudhuri, Diptendra Kumar Srakar
Background and aim: Breast cancer, a heterogeneous disease, is the most common cause of cancer-related death in women worldwide. Despite considerable developments in treatment modalities, a subset of patients with advanced-stage breast carcinoma display poor prognosis. Breast cancer heterogeneity and risk of recurrence could be explained with the help of cancer stem cell hypothesis. Stem cells have the capacity to self-renew and differentiate into multiple cell types. Aldehyde dehydrogenase-1 (ALDH1), an enzyme responsible for the oxidation of intracellular aldehydes, contributes to normal and tumor stem cell differentiation...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785120/association-between-nr5a2-and-the-risk-of-pancreatic-cancer-especially-among-caucasians-a-meta-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#12
Qun Chen, Hao Yuan, Guo-Dong Shi, Yang Wu, Dong-Fang Liu, Yu-Ting Lin, Lei Chen, Wan-Li Ge, Kuirong Jiang, Yi Miao
Background: Previous studies have reported that nuclear receptor subfamily 5, group A, member 2 (NR5A2) polymorphisms (rs3790843 G>A, rs3790844 T>C, rs12029406 C>T) are associated with the risk of pancreatic cancer. However, the results of epidemiological investigations are still controversial. In order to explore its potential attributing factors, we pooled the updated literatures to evaluate the association between NR5A2 polymorphism and the risk of pancreatic cancer in this meta-analysis...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785080/prognostic-impact-of-the-red-cell-distribution-width-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Wei-Yu Xu, Xiao-Bo Yang, Wen-Qin Wang, Yi Bai, Jun-Yu Long, Jian-Zhen Lin, Jian-Ping Xiong, Yong-Chang Zheng, Xiao-Dong He, Hai-Tao Zhao, Xin-Ting Sang
AIM: To clarify the previous discrepant conclusions, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the prognostic value of red cell distribution width (RDW) in esophageal cancer (EC). METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases to identify clinical studies, followed by using STATA version 12.0 for statistical analysis. Studies that met the following criteria were considered eligible: (1) Studies including EC patients who underwent radical esophagectomy; (2) studies including patients with localized disease without distant metastasis; (3) studies including patients without preoperative neoadjuvant therapy; (4) studies including patients without previous antiinflammatory therapies and with available preoperative laboratory outcomes; (5) studies reporting association between the preoperative RDW and overall survival (OS)/disease-free survival (DFS)/cancer-specific survival (CSS); and (6) studies published in English...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784917/clonal-analysis-of-notch1-expressing-cells-reveals-the-existence-of-unipotent-stem-cells-that-retain-long-term-plasticity-in-the-embryonic-mammary-gland
#14
Anna M Lilja, Veronica Rodilla, Mathilde Huyghe, Edouard Hannezo, Camille Landragin, Olivier Renaud, Olivier Leroy, Steffen Rulands, Benjamin D Simons, Silvia Fre
Recent lineage tracing studies have revealed that mammary gland homeostasis relies on unipotent stem cells. However, whether and when lineage restriction occurs during embryonic mammary development, and which signals orchestrate cell fate specification, remain unknown. Using a combination of in vivo clonal analysis with whole mount immunofluorescence and mathematical modelling of clonal dynamics, we found that embryonic multipotent mammary cells become lineage-restricted surprisingly early in development, with evidence for unipotency as early as E12...
May 21, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784817/topography-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-plasticity
#15
Francesc Font-Clos, Stefano Zapperi, Caterina A M La Porta
The transition between epithelial and mesenchymal states has fundamental importance for embryonic development, stem cell reprogramming, and cancer progression. Here, we construct a topographic map underlying epithelial-mesenchymal transitions using a combination of numerical simulations of a Boolean network model and the analysis of bulk and single-cell gene expression data. The map reveals a multitude of metastable hybrid phenotypic states, separating stable epithelial and mesenchymal states, and is reminiscent of the free energy measured in glassy materials and disordered solids...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784590/prognostic-factors-and-predictive-model-for-in-hospital-mortality-following-hip-fractures-in-the-elderly
#16
J Sanz-Reig, J Salvador Marín, J Ferrández Martínez, D Orozco Beltrán, J F Martínez López, J A Quesada Rico
PURPOSE: The incidence of hip fractures is increasing within the aging population. Our objective was to identify and quantify the risk factors and develop a predictive model for the in-hospital mortality among hip fracture patients older than 65 years. METHODS: This is a prospective study conducted on 331 hip fracture patients older than 65 years admitted to our hospital from 2011 to 2014. Patients' demographics, prehospitalization residential status, prefracture comorbidity data, anti-aggregant and anticoagulant medication, preoperative hemoglobin value, type of fractures, type of treatments, time to surgery, and complications were recorded...
April 25, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784432/outcome-quality-standards-in-pancreatic-oncologic-surgery-in-spain
#17
Luis Sabater, Isabel Mora, Juan Manuel Gámez Del Castillo, Javier Escrig-Sos, Elena Muñoz-Forner, Marina Garcés-Albir, Dimitri Dorcaratto, Joaquín Ortega
INTRODUCTION: To establish quality standards in oncologic surgery is a complex but necessary challenge to improve surgical outcomes. Unlike other tumors, there are no well-defined quality standards in pancreatic cancer. The aim of this study is to identify quality indicators in pancreatic oncologic surgery in Spain as well as their acceptable limits of variability. METHODS: Quality indicators were selected based on clinical practice guidelines, consensus conferences, reviews and national publications on oncologic pancreatic surgery between the years 2000 and 2016...
May 18, 2018: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784193/adjuvant-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-targeted-therapy-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Maxine Sun, Lorenzo Marconi, Tim Eisen, Bernard Escudier, Rachel H Giles, Naomi B Haas, Lauren C Harshman, David I Quinn, James Larkin, Sumanta K Pal, Thomas Powles, Christopher W Ryan, Cora N Sternberg, Robert Uzzo, Toni K Choueiri, Axel Bex
CONTEXT: Contradictory data exist with regard to adjuvant vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-targeted therapy in surgically managed patients for localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC). OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the current evidence regarding the therapeutic benefit (disease-free survival [DFS] and overall survival [OS]) and grade 3-4 adverse events (AEs) for adjuvant VEGFR-targeted therapy for resected localized RCC. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A critical review of PubMed/Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library in January 2018 according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) statement was performed...
May 18, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784146/trends-in-cause-specific-mortality-among-adults-with-and-without-diagnosed-diabetes-in-the-usa-an-epidemiological-analysis-of-linked-national-survey-and-vital-statistics-data
#19
Edward W Gregg, Yiling J Cheng, Meera Srinivasan, Ji Lin, Linda S Geiss, Ann L Albright, Giuseppina Imperatore
BACKGROUND: Large reductions in diabetes complications have altered diabetes-related morbidity in the USA. It is unclear whether similar trends have occurred in causes of death. METHODS: Using data from the National Health Interview Survey Linked Mortality files from 1985 to 2015, we estimated age-specific death rates and proportional mortality from all causes, vascular causes, cancers, and non-vascular, non-cancer causes among US adults by diabetes status. FINDINGS: From 1988-94, to 2010-15, all-cause death rates declined by 20% every 10 years among US adults with diabetes (from 23·1 [95% CI 20·1-26·0] to 15·2 [14·6-15·8] per 1000 person-years), while death from vascular causes decreased 32% every 10 years (from 11·0 [9·2-12·2] to 5·2 [4·8-5·6] per 1000 person-years), deaths from cancers decreased 16% every 10 years (from 4·4 [3·2-5·5] to 3·0 [2·8-3·3] per 1000 person-years), and the rate of non-vascular, non-cancer deaths declined by 8% every 10 years (from 7·7 [6·3-9·2] to 7·1 [6·6-7·5])...
May 18, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784145/the-effect-of-the-use-of-thyme-honey-in-minimizing-radiation-induced-oral-mucositis-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Melanie Charalambous, Vasilios Raftopoulos, Lefkios Paikousis, Nicos Katodritis, Ekaterini Lambrinou, Dimitrios Vomvas, Morpho Georgiou, Andreas Charalambous
PURPOSE: Radiation-induced oral mucositis is one of the main side effects during and after the treatment of head and neck cancer patients. The study was designed to provide evidence on the effectiveness of thyme honey on oral mucositis management. METHODS: This was a randomised controlled trial (RCT) with 72 head and neck cancer patients who were divided either to the intervention group (thyme honey rinses) or to the control group (saline rinses). Oral mucositis was assessed according to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOC criteria), and assessments were performed weekly starting at the 4th week of the radiotherapy for seven weeks and repeated once 6 months later...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
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