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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231599/upper-limb-functionality-and-quality-of-life-in-women-with-five-year-survival-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#1
Thaís Lunardi Recchia, Amably Cristiny Prim, Clarissa Medeiros da Luz
Objective To evaluate the correlation between upper limb functionality and quality of life in women with five-year survival following breast cancer surgical treatment. The secondary objective was to evaluate the function of the ipsilateral upper limb and the quality of life in relation to the type of surgery and the presence of pain. Methods The Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Breast plus Arm Morbidity (FACTB + 4) questionnaires were used to evaluate upper limb function and quality of life respectively...
February 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231598/evaluation-of-the-p16-and-ki-67-biomarkers-as-predictors-of-the-recurrence-of-premalignant-cervical-cancer-lesions-after-leep-conization
#2
Paulo Macêdo de Oliveira Leite, Luciene Tafuri, Maria Zélia de Oliveira Costa, Maria Inês de Miranda Lima, Renata Toscano Simões
Objective To evaluate the expressions of biomarkers p16 and Ki-67 in low-grade (LG) or high-grade (HG) lesions, and to relate them to risk factors and the recurrence of these lesions. Methods A retrospective case-control study of 86 patients with LG and HG lesions who underwent a loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) between 1999 and 2004. The control group was composed of 69 women with no recurrence, and the study group, of 17 patients with recurrence. All patients were followed-up over a two-year period after surgery, and screened every six months, including cytology and colposcopy...
February 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231570/analysis-of-a-surgical-treatment-for-persistent-urorectal-fistulas-after-radical-cancer-surgery-a-comparison-of-prostate-cancer-and-rectal-cancer
#3
Yasuyuki Sakai, Yoshinobu Komai, Norio Saito, Masaaki Ito, Minoru Sakuraba
INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to present our experience of surgical treatment for urorectal fistulas (URF) that develop after cancer surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients with URF who were treated at our institution from 2005 through 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these, 7 patients had previous surgical treatment of prostate cancer (PC) and the other 7 had been treated for rectal cancer (RC). The fistula was resected through a perineal incision, and the urinary and fecal defects were separately closed with the hinge flap method followed by interposition of a muscle flap transfer...
February 24, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231541/endogenous-microrna-424-predicts-clinical-outcome-and-its-inhibition-acts-as-cancer-suppressor-in-human-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Yu Wang, Zhenyang Lv, Junfeng Fu, Ze Wang, Zhe Fan, Ting Lei
PURPOSE: We examined the expression, clinical correlation and functional mechanisms of endogenous microRNA-424 (miR-424) in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Expression pattern of endogenous miR-424 was examined by qRT-PCR in clinical samples obtained from 233 NSCLC patients. Correlations between differential miR-424 expression level (low vs. high) and NSCLC patients' clinicopathological parameters or survival were statistically examined. In in vitro NSCLC H596 and SW900 cells, miR-424 was either upregulated or downregulation by lentiviral transduction...
February 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231427/risk-factors-of-female-breast-cancer-in-vietnam-a-case-control-study
#5
Phuong Dung Yun Trieu, Claudia Mello-Thoms, Jenny K Peat, Thuan Doan Do, Patrick C Brennan
Purpose: Rates of women with breast cancer have increased rapidly in recent years in Vietnam, with over 10,000 new patients contracting the disease every year. This study was conducted to identify demographic, reproductive and lifestyle risk factors for breast cancer in Vietnam. Materials and Methods: Breast density, demographic, reproductive and lifestyle data of 269 women with breast cancer and 519 age-matched controls were collected in the two largest oncology hospitals in Vietnam (one in the north and one in the south)...
February 20, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231327/functionally-focused-algorithmic-analysis-of-high-resolution-microarray-cgh-genomic-landscapes-demonstrates-comparable-genomic-copy-number-aberrations-in-msi-and-mss-sporadic-colorectal-cancer
#6
Hamad Ali, Milad S Bitar, Ashraf Al Madhoun, Makia Marafie, Fahd Al-Mulla
Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) emerged as a powerful technology for studying copy number variations at higher resolution in many cancers including colorectal cancer. However, the lack of standardized systematic protocols including bioinformatic algorithms to obtain and analyze genomic data resulted in significant variation in the reported copy number aberration (CNA) data. Here, we present genomic aCGH data obtained using highly stringent and functionally relevant statistical algorithms from 116 well-defined microsatellites instable (MSI) and microsatellite stable (MSS) colorectal cancers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231294/association-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-t-lymphocytes-with-the-pathogenesis-and-progression-of-hbv-associated-primary-liver-cancer
#7
Xiaoli Liu, Lingling He, Junyan Han, Lijia Wang, Mengge Li, Yuyong Jiang, Xianbo Wang, Zhiyun Yang
BACKGROUND: The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a new prognostic predictor for patients with liver cancer. The association of NLR and T lymphocytes with the pathogenesis and progression of liver cancer is poorly understood. METHODS: Seventy-three patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated primary liver cancer (HBV-PLC), 50 patients with HBV-associated liver cirrhosis (HBV-LC) and 37 patients with chronic HBV infection (CHB) were prospectively enrolled from July 1, 2013 to February 28, 2014 in Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University (Beijing, China)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231280/alkbh7-variant-related-to-prostate-cancer-exhibits-altered-substrate-binding
#8
Alice R Walker, Pavel Silvestrov, Tina A Müller, Robert H Podolsky, Gregory Dyson, Robert P Hausinger, Gerardo Andrés Cisneros
The search for prostate cancer biomarkers has received increased attention and several DNA repair related enzymes have been linked to this dysfunction. Here we report a targeted search for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and functional impact characterization of human ALKBH family dioxygenases related to prostate cancer. Our results uncovered a SNP of ALKBH7, rs7540, which is associated with prostate cancer disease in a statistically significantly manner in two separate cohorts, and maintained in African American men...
February 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231042/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-four-simulated-colorectal-cancer-screening-interventions-north-carolina
#9
Kristen Hassmiller Lich, David A Cornejo, Maria E Mayorga, Michael Pignone, Florence K L Tangka, Lisa C Richardson, Tzy-Mey Kuo, Anne-Marie Meyer, Ingrid J Hall, Judith Lee Smith, Todd A Durham, Steven A Chall, Trisha M Crutchfield, Stephanie B Wheeler
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates are suboptimal, particularly among the uninsured and the under-insured and among rural and African American populations. Little guidance is available for state-level decision makers to use to prioritize investment in evidence-based interventions to improve their population's health. The objective of this study was to demonstrate use of a simulation model that incorporates synthetic census data and claims-based statistical models to project screening behavior in North Carolina...
February 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230831/incidence-of-multiple-myeloma-among-cleanup-workers-of-the-chornobyl-accident-and-their-survival
#10
D Bazyka, N Gudzenko, I Dyagil, N Trotsiuk, E Gorokh, Z Fedorenko, V Chumak, E Bakhanova, I Ilienko, A Romanenko
: The study presents the updated data on the multiple myeloma (MM) incidence in Ukrainian cleanup workers after the Chornobyl accident and their survival. The epidemiological analysis is based on the extended follow-up period to identify new MM cases for higher statistical power and to collect additional data on the disease course and outcome for the survival analysis. The objective of the study was to analyze the MM incidence and survival in Chornobyl cleanup workers in 1996-2013 in comparison with the national MM statistical data...
December 2016: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230353/statistical-survey-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-risk-estimations-to-humans-and-wildlife-though-consumption-of-fish-from-u-s-rivers
#11
Angela L Batt, John B Wathen, James M Lazorchak, Anthony R Olsen, Thomas M Kincaid
U.S. EPA conducted a national statistical survey of fish tissue contamination at 540 river sites (representing 82 954 river km) in 2008-2009, and analyzed samples for 50 persistent organic pollutants (POPs), including 21 PCB congeners, 8 PBDE congeners, and 21 organochlorine pesticides. The survey results were used to provide national estimates of contamination for these POPs. PCBs were the most abundant, being measured in 93.5% of samples. Summed concentrations of the 21 PCB congeners had a national weighted mean of 32...
February 23, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230040/ezrin-expression-in-the-primary-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-and-associated-with-clinical-pathological-characteristics
#12
Debiao Pan, Shi Wang, Hailin Ye, Shengqian Xu, Guanxiong Ye
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess Ezrin expression in the primary hepatic carcinoma patients and associated with clinical, pathological characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (PHC) with completed clinical data were retrospectively analyzed in this study. The Ezrin expression in PHC and normal control liver tissue was tested by immunohistochemical assay. The Ezrin expression and relationship with clinical characteristics were evaluated...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230039/cyclooxygenase-2-expression-and-association-with-skin-cancer-a-meta-analysis-based-on-chinese-patients
#13
Lu Shujiao, Han Lilin, Shi Yong
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the association between cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) expression and skin cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the databases of PubMed, CNKI, and WANFANG to find the case-control studies associated with Cox-2 expression and skin cancer. The association between Cox-2 expression and skin cancer was demonstrated by odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (95% CI). The publication bias was evaluated by funnel plot and Egger's line regression test...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230037/mutl-homolog-1-expression-in-thyroid-carcinoma-and-its-clinical-significance
#14
Yi Lu, Baocheng Jiang, Ye Yuan, Jianping Fei, Jiyuan Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the MutL homolog 1 (MLH1) protein expression in thyroid cancer patients and its association with clinical pathological characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty thyroid cancer tissues and 22 partial paired normal thyroid tissues from 40 thyroid cancer patients who received surgery were collected in this study. MLH1 protein expression was tested by immunohistochemical method for the 40 cancer tissues and 22 partial paired normal thyroid tissues...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230031/serum-pro-gastrin-releasing-peptide-in-diagnosis-of-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#15
Hongyuan Wang, Junfeng Qian
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for serum pro-gastrin-releasing peptide (Pro-GRP) in diagnosis of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) through pooling all the open published data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Databases of PubMed, Cochrane, ISI Web of Knowledge, and CNKI were electronic, searched by two reviewers to find the diagnostic study serum Pro-GRP in diagnosis of SCLC. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) were calculated by Med DiSc1...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230028/leucine-rich-repeats-and-immunoglobulin-like-domains-protein-1-and-fascin-actin-bundling-protein-1-expression-in-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Juanjuan Zhang, Xiaoyan Wang, Yijie Zhang, Jingcan Wu, Nannan Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical significance of leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains protein 1 (LRIG1) and fascin actin-bundling protein 1 (Fascin-1) expression in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six-one NSCLC patients were included in this study. The expression of LRIG1 and Fascin-1 was assayed in the tumor tissue and relative normal lung tissue of the 61 NSCLC patients by immunohistochemistry. The relationship between LRIG1, Fascin-1 expression pattern and lung cancer patients' clinical pathology characteristics was evaluated...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230027/a-meta-analysis-of-elemene-versus-ddp-intrapleural-injection-in-the-treatment-of-malignant-pleural-effusion-caused-by-lung-cancer
#17
Xiaolong Wang, Haojie Wang, Li Li
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of elemene versus DDP intrapleural injection in the treatment of malignant pleural effusion caused by lung cancer by meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed (1960 ~ 2016.4), EMBASE (1980 ~ 2016.4), and CNKI (1979 ~ 2016.4) databases were searched to identify the clinical studies of elemene intrapleural injection in the treatment of lung cancer malignant pleural effusion. The odds ratio (OR) was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy of elemene in the treatment of pleural effusion compared to cisplatin (DDP)...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230025/correlation-between-periodontal-disease-and-oral-cancer-risk-a-meta-analysis
#18
Lili Ye, Yinhua Jiang, Weidong Liu, HaiBiao Tao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation between periodontal disease and oral cancer risk by meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched the electronic databases of PubMed and Wanfang to include the articles related to periodontal disease and oral cancer risk. The association between periodontal disease and oral cancer risk was assessed by odds ratio (OR) and its corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI). The publication bias was evaluated by Begg's funnel plot and Egger's line regression test...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230024/o-6-methylguanine-dna-methyltransferase-gene-promoter-methylation-and-lung-cancer-risk-a-meta-analysis
#19
Zhijia Yang, Fangjun Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene promoter methylation pattern in tumor tissue and autologous controls (plasma, normal lung tissue, and bronchial lavage fluid [BLF]) in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We electronic searched the MEDLINE and CNKI databases to find the open published studies related to MGMT gene promoter hypermethylation in NSCLC patients. The odds ratio (OR) for hypermethylation in plasma, BLF, and tissue was pooled by fixed or random effect model according to the statistical heterogeneity across the included studies...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230023/helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-a-meta-analysis
#20
Yu Guo, Wei Liu, Jun Wu
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection can increase the risk of developing pancreatic cancer or not by meta-analysis. METHODS: Published studies about HP infection and pancreatic cancer risk were electronic searched in the databases of MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, and CNKI. The correlation between HP infection and pancreatic cancer was demonstrated by odds ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). The publication bias was assessed by Begg's funnel plot and Egger's linear regression test...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
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