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Mortality hematologic cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654155/incidence-of-hematologic-malignancy-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-randomized-controlled-trial-of-calcium-and-vitamin-d-supplementation
#1
Eric M Ammann, Matthew T Drake, Bjarni Haraldsson, Robert B Wallace, Karen C Johnson, Pinkal Desai, Emily M Lin, Brian K Link
BACKGROUND: Prior evidence of a possible link between vitamin D status and hematologic malignancy (HM) in humans comes from observational studies, leaving unresolved the question of whether a true causal relationship exists. METHODS: The authors performed a secondary analysis of data from the Women's Health Initiative Calcium/Vitamin D (CaD) trial, a large randomized controlled trial of CaD supplementation compared with placebo in older women. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards survival analysis methods were used to evaluate the relationship between treatment assignment and 1) incident HM and 2) HM-specific mortality over 10 years following randomization...
June 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605254/impact-of-immigration-status-on-cancer-outcomes-in-ontario-canada
#2
Matthew C Cheung, Craig C Earle, Hadas D Fischer, Ximena Camacho, Ning Liu, Refik Saskin, Baiju R Shah, Peter C Austin, Simron Singh
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have documented inferior health outcomes in vulnerable populations, including racial minorities and those with disadvantaged socioeconomic status. The impact of immigration on cancer-related outcomes is less clear. METHODS: Administrative databases were linked to create a cohort of incident cancer cases (colorectal, lung, prostate, head and neck, breast, and hematologic malignancies) from 2000 to 2012 in Ontario, Canada. Cancer patients who immigrated to Canada (from 1985 onward) were compared with those who were Canadian born (or immigrated before 1985)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590598/28-year-incidence-of-de-novo-malignancies-after-liver-transplantation-a-single-center-analysis-of-risk-factors-and-mortality-in-1616-patients
#3
S Rademacher, D Seehofer, D Eurich, W Schoening, R Neuhaus, R Oellinger, T Denecke, A Pascher, E Schott, M Sinn, P Neuhaus, J Pratschke
BACKGROUND: De novo malignancies are one of the leading causes of late mortality after liver transplantation (LT). METHODS: We analyzed 1616 consecutive patients who underwent LT between 1988 and 2006 at our institution. All patients were prospectively observed over a study period of 28 years by our own outpatient clinic. Complete follow up data were available for 96% of patients, 3% were incomplete and only 1% were lost to follow-up. The median follow-up of the patients was 14...
June 7, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562379/dexrazoxane-added-to-doxorubicin-based-adjuvant-chemotherapy-of-breast-cancer-a-retrospective-cohort-study-with-a-comparative-analysis-of-toxicity-and-survival
#4
Esther Tahover, Amiel Segal, Rut Isacson, Ora Rosengarten, Tal Grenader, Maya Gips, Nathan Cherny, Norman I Heching, Lior Mesika, Raphael Catane, Alberto Gabizon
Dexrazoxane is indicated as a cardioprotective agent for patients receiving doxorubicin who are at increased risk for cardiotoxicity. Concerns have been raised on the use of dexrazoxane, particularly in adjuvant therapy, because of the risk of interference with the antitumor effect of doxorubicin. Two meta-analyses in metastatic breast cancer have rejected this hypothesis, but have shown an apparent increase in the severity of myelosuppression when dexrazoxane is used. Here, we analyzed retrospectively a cohort of our institute database to assess whether the addition of dexrazoxane causes more bone marrow suppression in breast cancer patients receiving doxorubicin-based adjuvant therapy...
May 30, 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561532/pretreatment-albumin-level-predicts-survival-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Won Sub Lim, Jong-Lyel Roh, Sung-Bae Kim, Seung-Ho Choi, Soon Yuhl Nam, Sang Yoon Kim
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Poor nutritional status in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is associated with tumor progression and survival. This study examined the prognostic value of nutritional and hematological markers in patients with HNSCC who received definitive treatments. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational cohort study. METHODS: This study included 338 consecutive patients who underwent surgery and/or radiotherapy/chemoradiotherapy for treatment-naïve HNSCC...
May 31, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548191/-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-experience-in-27-patients
#6
Fernando Warley, Belén M Bonella, M Silvina Odstrcil-Bobillo, Victoria Otero, Gabriel Waisman, Gisela Bendelman, Diego Giunta, Verónica Peuchot, Catalina M Ungaro
BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an aggressive and life-threatening syndrome of excessive immune activation Aim: To describe the clinical characteristics, causes and survival associated with HLH. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Review of medical records of patients with HLH attended between 2004 and 2016. They were classified according to their probable cause in: associated with immunosuppression, cancer, post-infectious or idiopathic. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546524/light-alcohol-drinking-and-risk-of-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#7
Yoon-Jung Choi, Seung-Kwon Myung, Ji-Ho Lee
Purpose: To determine whether light alcohol drinking increases the risk of cancer by using a meta-analysis of cohort studies because the newly revised 2015 European Code against Cancer 4th edition on alcohol and cancer was based on critical flaws in the interpretation and citation of the previous meta-analyses. Materials and Methods: PubMed and EMBASE were searched in April, 2016. Two authors independently reviewed and selected cohort studies on the association between very light (≤0...
May 22, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528711/clinical-impact-of-colonization-with-multidrug-resistant-organisms-on-outcome-after-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-a-retrospective-single-center-study
#8
Sebastian Scheich, Claudia Reinheimer, Christian Brandt, Thomas A Wichelhaus, Michael Hogardt, Volkhard A J Kempf, Uta Brunnberg, Christian Brandts, Olivier Ballo, Ivana von Metzler, Johanna Kessel, Hubert Serve, Björn Steffen
A significant increase in infections caused by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) has been observed in recent years, resulting in an increase of mortality in all fields of health care. Hematological patients are particularly affected by MDRO infections because of disease- and therapy-related immunosuppression. To determine the impact of colonization with MDRO on overall survival, we retrospectively analyzed data from patients undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at our institution...
May 18, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526862/significant-clinical-factors-associated-with-long-term-mortality-in-critical-cancer-patients-requiring-prolonged-mechanical-ventilation
#9
Li-Ta Keng, Kuei-Pin Chung, Shu-Yung Lin, Sheng-Kai Liang, Jui-Chen Cheng, I-Chun Chen, Yen-Fu Chen, Hou-Tai Chang, Chia-Lin Hsu, Jih-Shuin Jerng, Hao-Chien Wang, Ping-Hung Kuo, Huey-Dong Wu, Jin-Yuan Shih, Chong-Jen Yu
Studies about prognostic assessment in cancer patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) for post-intensive care are scarce. We retrospectively enrolled 112 cancer patients requiring PMV support who were admitted to the respiratory care center (RCC), a specialized post-intensive care weaning facility, from November 2009 through September 2013. The weaning success rate was 44.6%, and mortality rates at hospital discharge and after 1 year were 43.8% and 76.9%, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression showed that weaning failure, in addition to underlying cancer status, was significantly associated with an increased 1-year mortality (odds ratio, 6...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505024/autonomic-nervous-system-pretransplant-malfunction-is-a-powerful-predictor-of-survival-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#10
Takahiko Nakane, Mika Nakamae, Hideo Koh, Mitsutaka Nishimoto, Yasuhiro Nakashima, Asao Hirose, Masayuki Hino, Hirohisa Nakamae
BACKGROUND: Autonomic nervous system function indexed by heart rate variability (HRV) has shown prognostic value for mortality in various cardiovascular and noncardiovascular diseases including cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an association between HRV and outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) METHODS: We prospectively measured HRV as a surrogate pretransplant marker of autonomic nervous system activity in consecutive allo-HCTs with hematological diseases...
May 13, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488730/octreotide-associated-neutropenia
#11
Stacy S Tse, Troy Kish
Drug-induced neutropenia and agranulocytosis are rare adverse events but can be fatal. Neutropenia can be induced by a myriad of drugs from almost every pharmacologic class. Octreotide is a somatostatin analogue that has been used to treat variceal bleeding, acromegaly, and severe diarrhea associated with metastatic tumors, and to reduce symptoms in the setting of malignant bowel obstruction and pseudo-obstruction. The most common adverse effects associated with octreotide include pain at the injection site and gastrointestinal effects such as loose stools, cramping, and nausea; neutropenia is not currently listed as an adverse effect of the drug...
May 10, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487696/natural-killer-cells-in-graft-versus-host-disease-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#12
REVIEW
Federico Simonetta, Maite Alvarez, Robert S Negrin
Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is a well-established therapeutic modality effective for a variety of hematological malignancies but, unfortunately, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality related to cancer relapse as well as to transplant-related complications including graft-versus-host-disease (GvHD). Natural killer (NK) cells are the first donor-derived lymphocyte subset to recover after HCT, and their crucial role in protection against cancer relapse and infections is well established...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476192/gene-expression-profiling-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-children-with%C3%A2-very-early-relapse
#13
Juan Carlos Núñez-Enríquez, Diego Alberto Bárcenas-López, Alfredo Hidalgo-Miranda, Elva Jiménez-Hernández, Vilma Carolina Bekker-Méndez, Janet Flores-Lujano, Karina Anastacia Solis-Labastida, Gabriela Bibiana Martínez-Morales, Fausto Sánchez-Muñoz, Laura Eugenia Espinoza-Hernández, Martha Margarita Velázquez-Aviña, Laura Elizabeth Merino-Pasaye, Alejandra Jimena García Velázquez, María Luisa Pérez-Saldívar, Raúl Mojica-Espinoza, Julián Ramírez-Bello, Silvia Jiménez-Morales, Juan Manuel Mejía-Aranguré
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common childhood cancer worldwide. Mexican patients have high mortality rates, low frequency of good prognosis biomarkers (i.e., ETV6-RUNX1) and a high proportion is classified at the time of diagnosis with a high risk to relapse according to clinical features. In addition, very early relapses are more frequently observed than in other populations. The aim of the study was to identify new potential biomarkers associated with very early relapse in Mexican ALL children through transcriptome analysis...
November 2016: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461683/the-relative-efficacy-and-safety-of-targeted-agents-used-in-combination-with-chemotherapy-in-treating-patients-with-untreated-advanced-gastric-cancer-a-network-meta-analysis
#14
Shuping Xie, Huixiang Zhang, Xueyan Wang, Quanxing Ge, Junhong Hu
Gastric cancer is one of the leading mortal causes. Targeted therapy is a new type of cancer treatment, which precisely identifies and attacks cancer cells and significantly reduces side effects. In this network meta-analysis, we focused on the efficacy and safety of 12 targeted agents on gastric cancer among a total of 8,405 patients from 24 trials. Hazard ratio (HR) with 95% credible interval (CrI) were calculated for primary outcomes, including overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS), while odds ratio (OR) with 95% CrI were calculated for secondary outcomes...
April 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460479/the-relative-efficacy-and-safety-of-targeted-agents-used-in-combination-with-chemotherapy-in-treating-patients-with-untreated-advanced-gastric-cancer-a-network-meta-analysis
#15
Shuping Xie, Huixiang Zhang, Xueyan Wang, Quanxing Ge, Junhong Hu
Gastric cancer is one of the leading mortal causes. Targeted therapy is a new type of cancer treatment, which precisely identifies and attacks cancer cells and significantly reduces side effects. In this network meta-analysis, we focused on the efficacy and safety of 12 targeted agents on gastric cancer among a total of 8,405 patients from 24 trials. Hazard ratio (HR) with 95% credible interval (CrI) were calculated for primary outcomes, including overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS), while odds ratio (OR) with 95% CrI were calculated for secondary outcomes...
April 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447341/chemotherapy-alone-versus-chemotherapy-plus-radiotherapy-for-adults-with-early-stage-hodgkin-lymphoma
#16
REVIEW
Oliver Blank, Bastian von Tresckow, Ina Monsef, Lena Specht, Andreas Engert, Nicole Skoetz
BACKGROUND: Combined modality treatment consisting of chemotherapy followed by localised radiotherapy is the standard treatment for patients with early stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). However, due to long- term adverse effects such as secondary malignancies the role of radiotherapy has been questioned recently and some clinical study groups advocate chemotherapy only for this indication. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of chemotherapy alone compared to chemotherapy plus radiotherapy in adults with early stage HL ...
April 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444227/incidence-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-brain-metastases-at-diagnosis-of-systemic-malignancy-a-population-based-study
#17
Daniel N Cagney, Allison M Martin, Paul J Catalano, Amanda J Redig, Nancy U Lin, Eudocia Q Lee, Patrick Y Wen, Ian F Dunn, Wenya Linda Bi, Stephanie E Weiss, Daphne A Haas-Kogan, Brian M Alexander, Ayal A Aizer
Background: Brain metastases are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Population-level data describing the incidence and prognosis of patients with brain metastases are lacking. The aim of this study was to characterize the incidence and prognosis of patients with brain metastases at diagnosis of systemic malignancy using recently released data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program. Methods: We identified 1,302,166 patients diagnosed with non-hematologic malignancies originating outside of the central nervous system between 2010-2013 and described the incidence proportion and survival of patients with brain metastases...
April 24, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441374/fever-in-patients-with-cancer
#18
Yanina Pasikhova, Steven Ludlow, Aliyah Baluch
BACKGROUND: The definition of fever is flexible and depends on the clinical context. Fever is frequently observed in patients with cancer. METHODS: Infectious and noninfectious causes of fever in patients with various oncological and hematological malignancies and the usefulness of biomarkers are discussed. RESULTS: To treat patients in a timely manner and to minimize morbidity and mortality, it is paramount that health care professionals determine the cause of fever...
April 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424554/arterial-stiffness-in-hematologic-malignancies
#19
REVIEW
Ioana Mozos, Georgiana Borzak, Alexandru Caraba, Rodica Mihaescu
Malignant and cardiovascular disorders are the top causes of mortality worldwide. This article reviews the main literature data and mechanisms linking hematologic malignancies and arterial stiffness, focusing on recent experimental and clinical results. Several links were found in hematologic malignancies between complete blood count and arterial stiffness. Chemotherapy, especially anthracyclines, cyclophosphamide and tyrosine kinase inhibitors, as well as radiotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are the main known causes of arterial stiffness increase in hematologic malignancies...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416003/characterization-and-risk-estimate-of-cancer-in-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome
#20
Pilar Brito-Zerón, Belchin Kostov, Guadalupe Fraile, Daniel Caravia-Durán, Brenda Maure, Francisco-Javier Rascón, Mónica Zamora, Arnau Casanovas, Miguel Lopez-Dupla, Mar Ripoll, Blanca Pinilla, Eva Fonseca, Miriam Akasbi, Gloria de la Red, Miguel-Angel Duarte-Millán, Patricia Fanlo, Pablo Guisado-Vasco, Roberto Pérez-Alvarez, Antonio J Chamorro, César Morcillo, Iratxe Jiménez-Heredia, Isabel Sánchez-Berná, Armando López-Guillermo, Manuel Ramos-Casals
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to characterize the risk of cancer in a large cohort of patients with primary Sjögren syndrome (SjS). METHODS: We had analyzed the development of cancer in 1300 consecutive patients fulfilling the 2002 SjS classification criteria. The baseline clinical and immunological characteristics and systemic activity (ESSDAI scores) were assessed at diagnosis as predictors of cancer using Cox proportional hazards regression analysis adjusted for age at diagnosis and gender...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
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