keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Moral reasoning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165518/-on-the-meaning-and-usefulness-of-history-of-medicine-1895-1970
#1
Enrique Laval Manrique
The knowledge of the history of Medicine does not seem to add "utility" to the activities of a physician. Nevertheless, for a doctor eager to get good intellectual information -or the spiritual perfection called "culture"- the autor gives some reasons on why being acquainted with the history of medicine has some "utility" through the following items: Intellectual dignity: by deliberately and gratefully assuming the best of those who introduced technical devices or methods, as auscultation, or intellectual elaborations, like the etiologic model of Galen...
August 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157510/euthanasia-requests-in-a-canadian-psychiatric-emergency-room-a-case-series-part-1-of-the-mcgill-university-euthanasia-in-psychiatry-case-series
#2
David Benrimoh, Antoine Perreault, Frederique Van Den Eynde
Euthanasia was decriminalized in Quebec in December 2015, and Canada-wide in June 2016. Both the Provincial and Federal legislation have limited the right to medical assistance in dying (MAID) to end-of-life cases; which makes MAID inaccessible to most patients solely suffering from psychiatric illness. While some end-stage anorexia nervosa or elderly patients may meet the end-of-life criterion because of their medical comorbidities or their age (Kelly et al., 2003), repeated suicide attempts or psychotic disorganization would not qualify since they would not be seen as elements of an illness leading to a foreseeable "natural death" (Canada, 2016)...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156322/the-development-and-importance-of-shared-reality-in-the-domains-of-opinion-morality-and-religion
#3
REVIEW
Larisa Heiphetz
The importance of shared reality emerges early in human development. Infants and young children notice when others share their beliefs, and information about shared beliefs influences their social judgments. This article reviews recent research on the importance of shared beliefs in three domains that have been widely investigated over the past several years-opinions, moral views, and religious beliefs. I argue that shared religious beliefs appear especially influential and suggest several reasons why this might be the case, including the perceived link between religion and morality as well as the strong role that religious beliefs play in personal identity...
November 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149322/altruistic-and-self-serving-goals-modulate-behavioral-and-neural-responses-in-deception
#4
Fang Cui, Song Wu, Haiyan Wu, Chengyao Wang, Can Jiao, Yuejia Luo
People tell lies not only for their own self-interests but sometimes also to help others. Little is known about the ways in which different types of goals modulate behaviors and neural responses in deception. The present study investigated the neural processes associated with spontaneous deception that occurs with altruistic reasons (i.e., the money would be donated to charity), self-serving reasons (i.e., the participant receives all of the money), and mixed goals (i.e., the money would be equally split between the participant and the charity)...
November 15, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146713/autonomy-nudging-and-post-truth-politics
#5
Geoff Keeling
In his excellent essay, 'Nudges in a post-truth world', Neil Levy argues that 'nudges to reason', or nudges which aim to make us more receptive to evidence, are morally permissible. A strong argument against the moral permissibility of nudging is that nudges fail to respect the autonomy of the individuals affected by them. Levy argues that nudges to reason do respect individual autonomy, such that the standard autonomy objection fails against nudges to reason. In this paper, I argue that Levy fails to show that nudges to reason respect individual autonomy...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131714/understanding-variations-in-secondary-findings-reporting-practices-across-u-s-genome-sequencing-laboratories
#6
Sara Ackerman, Barbara Koenig
BACKGROUND: Increasingly used for clinical purposes, genome and exome sequencing can generate clinically relevant information that is not directly related to the reason for testing (incidental or secondary findings). Debates about the ethical implications of secondary findings were sparked by the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG)'s 2013 policy statement, which recommended that laboratories report pathogenic alterations in 56 genes. Although wide variation in laboratories' secondary findings policies has been reported, little is known about its causes...
November 13, 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130834/the-relationship-between-intuitive-action-choices-and-moral-reasoning-on-animal-ethics-issues-in-students-of-veterinary-medicine-and-other-relevant-professions
#7
Joy M Verrinder, Clive J C Phillips
With growing understanding of animals' capabilities, and public and organizational pressures to improve animal welfare, moral action by veterinarians and other relevant professionals to address animal issues is increasingly important. Little is known about how their action choices relate to their moral reasoning on animal ethics issues. A moral judgment measure, the VetDIT, with three animal and three non-animal scenarios, was used to investigate the action choices of 619 students in five animal- and two non-animal-related professional programs in one Australian university, and how these related to their moral reasoning based on Personal Interest (PI), Maintaining Norms (MN), or Universal Principles (UP) schemas...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120112/sociology-as-moral-philosophy-and-vice-versa
#8
Frédéric Vandenberghe
In this article, I want to make an attempt to reconnect sociology to moral philosophy and moral philosophy to sociology. The thesis I want to defend is that sociology continues by other means the venerable tradition of practical and moral philosophy. Like its forebears, it stands and falls with a defense of "practical wisdom" (Aristotle) and "practical reason" (Kant). The development of a moral sociology presupposes, however, that one recognizes and rejects Max Weber's theory of axiological neutrality as an extremist position and that one carefully articulates prescriptive and descriptive, internal and external, as well as observer and actor positions...
November 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114351/the-personal-calculus-of-moral-reasoning-and-identity-in-global-health-professions-work
#9
Saleem Razack
In this personal essay, the author reflects on experiences in global health professions education projects, and the moral reasoning that might be required to define explicitly what constitutes ethical participation. Three interrelated notions are explored: The decision to engage or not through a discussion of the concepts of safety, understanding power dynamics, and analysis of personal and institutional motivations for the projectThe ultimate goals to promote human flourishing and improve equity, through attention to local inequities potentially experienced by either participants or colleagues from home...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100202/the-support-control-continuum-an-investigation-of-staff-perspectives-on-factors-influencing-the-success-or-failure-of-de-escalation-techniques-for-the-management-of-violence-and-aggression-in-mental-health-settings
#10
Owen Price, John Baker, Penny Bee, Karina Lovell
BACKGROUND: De-escalation techniques are recommended to manage violence and aggression in mental health settings yet restrictive practices continue to be frequently used. Barriers and enablers to the implementation and effectiveness of de-escalation techniques in practice are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To obtain staff descriptions of de-escalation techniques currently used in mental health settings and explore factors perceived to influence their implementation and effectiveness...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098205/better-minds-better-morals-a-procedural-guide-to-better-judgment
#11
G Owen Schaefer, Julian Savulescu
Making more moral decisions - an uncontroversial goal, if ever there was one. But how to go about it? In this article, we offer a practical guide on ways to promote good judgment in our personal and professional lives. We will do this not by outlining what the good life consists in or which values we should accept.Rather, we offer a theory of procedural reliability: a set of dimensions of thought that are generally conducive to good moral reasoning. At the end of the day, we all have to decide for ourselves what is good and bad, right and wrong...
2017: J Posthum Stud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094337/morningness-eveningness-is-not-associated-with-academic-performance-in-the-afternoon-school-shift-preliminary-findings
#12
Arturo Arrona-Palacios, Juan F Díaz-Morales
BACKGROUND: The effect of morningness-eveningness, sleep habits, and intelligence on academic performance has been studied in a fixed morning school shift. However, no studies have analysed these variables in an afternoon school shift and tested whether morningness-eveningness is related to academic performance beyond sleep habits and intelligence effects. AIMS: The psychometric properties of the Morningness-Eveningness Scale for Children (MESC) were analysed. Additionally, academic performance, sex, intelligence, sleep habits, and morningness-eveningness relationship in a morning and afternoon school shift were compared...
November 1, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073059/rethinking-people-s-conceptions-of-mental-life
#13
Kara Weisman, Carol S Dweck, Ellen M Markman
How do people make sense of the emotions, sensations, and cognitive abilities that make up mental life? Pioneering work on the dimensions of mind perception has been interpreted as evidence that people consider mental life to have two core components-experience (e.g., hunger, joy) and agency (e.g., planning, self-control) [Gray HM, et al. (2007) Science 315:619]. We argue that this conclusion is premature: The experience-agency framework may capture people's understanding of the differences among different beings (e...
October 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068851/perinatal-nurses-reported-to-boards-of-nursing-understanding-the-facts
#14
Rebecca L Cypher, Kara Kosycarz
Today's healthcare system is in a state of transformation, as changes in technology, diagnostic approaches, treatments, and levels of professional practice occur on a regular basis. Nurses continue to be the most trusted profession. What has not changed in clinical practice is the amount of responsibility and level of accountability. Therefore, nurses are morally, legally, and ethically responsible for nursing judgment and clinical-based actions covered under each state's Nurse Practice Act, the American Nurses Association's core principles, and position statements as well as standard setting documents from professional organizations...
October 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063997/clinical-ethics-consultation-after-god-implications-for-advocacy-and-neutrality
#15
J Clint Parker
In After God: Morality and Bioethics in a Secular Age, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr. explores the broad implications for moral reasoning once a culture has lost a God's-eye perspective. In this paper, I focus on the implications of Engelhardt's views for clinical ethics consultation. I begin by examining the question of whether clinical ethics consultants (CECs) should advocate a particular viewpoint and/or process during consultations or adopt a neutral stance. I then examine the implications of Engelhardt's views for this question...
October 24, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058938/the-reasons-young-children-give-to-peers-when-explaining-their-judgments-of-moral-and-conventional-rules
#16
Maria Mammen, Bahar Köymen, Michael Tomasello
Moral justifications work, when they do, by invoking values that are shared in the common ground of the interlocutors. We asked 3- and 5-year-old peer dyads (N = 144) to identify and punish norm transgressors. In the moral condition, the transgressor violated a moral norm (e.g., by stealing); in the social rules condition, she/he violated a context-specific rule (e.g., by placing a yellow toy in a green box, instead of a yellow box). Children in both age groups justified their punishment in the social rules condition mostly by referring to the rule (e...
October 23, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058204/valuing-healthcare-improvement-implicit-norms-explicit-normativity-and-human-agency
#17
Stacy M Carter
I argue that greater attention to human agency and normativity in both researching and practicing service improvement may be one strategy for enhancing improvement science, illustrating with examples from cancer screening. Improvement science tends to deliberately avoid explicit normativity, for paradigmatically coherent reasons. But there are good reasons to consider including explicit normativity in thinking about improvement. Values and moral judgements are central to social life, so an adequate account of social life must include these elements...
October 20, 2017: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056644/devastation-and-hope-stories-of-fertility-in-oncology
#18
Bryan A Sisk
Having children is a deeply held desire for many people. After a cancer diagnosis, fertility is often threatened by cancer treatments. The choice to pursue fertility preservation often necessitates a delay in starting cancer treatment which may negatively impact the patient. Fertility decisions are laden with heavy emotional burden and multiple ethical challenges. The narratives in this symposium provide rich emotional context, including allusions to failure, loss, guilt, fear, anger, hope, and acceptance. Given the important role of emotion in moral reasoning, exploration of these emotions supports further discussion of ethical challenges...
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052246/food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndrome-by-fish-not-necessarily-a-restricted-diet
#19
S Infante, G Marco-Martín, M Sánchez-Domínguez, A Rodríguez-Fernández, V Fuentes-Aparicio, A Alvarez-Perea, P Cabrera-Freitag, C Morales-Cabeza, J M Zubeldia, L Zapatero
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity usually due to cow's milk or soy. Recent researches show that fish is 1 of the most important triggers of FPIES in the Mediterranean countries. Due to the risk of multiple-food FPIES, avoiding foods in the same category or that often occur together may be reasonable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the evolution and follow-up of FPIES related to fish over a period of 20 years. We describe the clinical features of our population, discuss different approaches to oral food challenges, and analyze the possibility of introducing the culprit fish or other nonrelated fish to avoid unnecessary restricted diets...
October 20, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023957/the-ethics-of-public-policy-rcts-the-principle-of-policy-equipoise
#20
Douglas MacKay
In this article, I ask whether a principle analogous to the principle of clinical equipoise should govern the design and conduct of RCTs evaluating the effectiveness of policy interventions. I answer this question affirmatively, and introduce and defend the principle of policy equipoise. According to this principle, all arms of a policy RCT must be, at minimum, in a state of equipoise with the best proven policy that is also morally and practically attainable and sustainable. For all arms of a policy RCT, policy experts must either (1) reasonably disagree about whether the trial arms are more effective than this policy, or (2) know that they are...
October 11, 2017: Bioethics
keyword
keyword
58213
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"