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Lowback pain

Luciana S Moreira, Leonardo A Elias, Adriane B Gomide, Marcus F Vieira, Waldemar N DO Amaral
PURPOSE: The present study aimed at investigating the control of upright quiet standing in pregnant women throughout pregnancy, and whether low-back pain exerts influence on this motor task. METHODS: Myoelectric signals from postural muscles and stabilometric data were collected from 15 non-pregnant and 15 pregnant women during upright quiet standing. Electromyogram envelopes and center of pressure metrics were evaluated in the control group, as well as in pregnant women in their first and third trimester of pregnancy...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
Manohar M Panjabi, Jens Peter Timm
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, spinal degeneration and injury have been associated with abnormal intervertebral motion; thus, treatment for lowback pain has centered on prevention of motion through spinal fusion. Although the rate of successful spinal fusions is improving, complications such as adjacent-level syndrome emphasize the need to develop alternatives for treating spinal degeneration. In an effort to improve the clinical outcomes associated with such treatment, we hypothesized that spinal stabilization and a consequent reduction in symptoms is achievable without the harsh restrictions to spinal motion imposed by fusion...
2007: SAS Journal
Tetsuo Hayashi, Michael D Daubs, Akinobu Suzuki, Trevor P Scott, Kevin H Phan, Monchai Ruangchainikom, Shinji Takahashi, Keiichiro Shiba, Jeffrey C Wang
OBJECT Most studies of Modic changes (MCs) have focused on investigating the relationship between MCs and lowback pain, whereas the kinematic characteristics and degenerative disc disease associated with MCs are not well understood. To the authors' knowledge, no previous study has reported on the kinematics of MCs. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship of MCs to segmental motion and degenerative disc disease. METHODS Four hundred fifty symptomatic patients underwent weight-bearing lumbar kinematic MRI in the neutral, flexion, and extension positions...
May 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
M Aghilinejad, A Bahrami-Ahmadi, E Kabir-Mokamelkhah, S Sarebanha, H R Hosseini, Z Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Many workers suffer from low-back pain. Type and severity of spinal complaints have relationship with work load. Lack of adherence to ergonomics recommendations among the important causes of low-back pain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of 3 ergonomics training programs on the prevalence of lowback pain among workers of an Iranian automobile factory. METHODS: In a parallel-design 4-arm randomized clinical trial, 760 active workers of an automobile factory were studied...
April 2014: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
K Moore, G A Dumas, J G Reid
This longitudinal study examined the postural changes that occur during pregnancy and their association with low-back pain. The lordotic curvature, kyphotic curvature and position of the line of gravity were measured. The degree of low-back pain was assessed using a daily pain diary. Each measurement was recorded in 30 healthy pregnant women on a monthly basis until term and once post partum. The results reveal many different postural behaviours, but the majority of women experienced a flattening of the lumbar spine during pregnancy...
August 1990: Clinical Biomechanics
Eron G Manusov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2012: Primary Care
Tuğba Kuru, Ipek Yeldan, Ayşe Zengin, Alis Kostanoğlu, Anil Tekeoğlu, Yildiz Analay Akbaba, Devrim Tarakçi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of pain (p) in adults and their preference for pain treatment, by using questionnaire. METHODS: First 7 questions of "Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form" and "Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire" were applied to 250 participants in face to face interview. A hundred eighty of the individuals were women (38.3±14.0 years old) and 70 were men (36.6±13.2 years old). Data analysis were performed using SPSS, version 10...
January 2011: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1946: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
A Sosna, D Pokorný
Conversion of arthrodesis or ankylosis of the hip joint toTHR is a very difficult operation from the technical viewpoint. However, with a deliberate indication it may conduce to a significant improvement of the quality of life of the patient. Indications for such operation are the following: arthrodesis in malposition, increasing lowback pain, difficulties with personal hygiene and problems in the sexual life, instability of knee or its deformity given by the incorrect position of the hip joint. Contraindication is florid osteomyelitis, serious damage of muscles in the region of the hip joint, serious neurological affection and myopathy...
1998: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Nebahat Sezer, Serap Tomruk Sutbeyaz, Fusun Koseoglu, Meltem Aras, Ceyda Akin
OBJECTIVE: Acrodysostosis is a rare syndrome characterized by peripheral dysostosis, nasal hypoplasia and frequently mental retardation. Only one adult case of acrodysostosis has been reported to have neurologic symptoms. We report one further adult case of acrodysostosis with severe neurologic findings including myelopathy and spastic paraparesis due to diffuse spinal stenosis and recurrent deep vein thrombosis possibly caused by neurologic deficits. RESULTS: We report a 43-year-old woman who had back and neck pain with weakness in the extremities of several years...
2009: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Gül Köknel Talu, Richard Derby
Low back pain caused by an internally disrupted disc is a universal unresolved problem. Many treatment options have been tried and many are in development, but few have satisfactory long-term results. Although the most often used excuse for inconsistent results is poor patient selection and the lack of objective evaluation parameters, the diagnosis is often elusive and definitive selection criteria for any specific treatment modality is usually unproven. Chemonucleolysis performed by various techniques, is a cost-effective and simple method for treating both low back pain and sciatica caused by herniated discs where conservative methods are ineffective...
April 2008: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
P-J Finiels, P Moreau, J Jaume
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report our initial experience with a new percutaneous spine fixation system, avoiding open exposure, excessive blood loss and extensive muscle dissection. With the specially designed plates, this system can be used whatever the conformation of the segment instrumented is kyphotic or lordotic. METHODS: Sixteen patients (9 men and 7 women ranging in age from 27 to 78 years, mean 54.9) underwent percutaneous pedicle fixation using this device...
February 2006: Neuro-Chirurgie
Cheryl Hawk, Cynthia R Long, Robert M Rowell, M Ram Gudavalli, James Jedlicka
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the proposed manual placebo in terms of success in blinding patients to treatment group assignment and outcomes between the treatment groups. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A chiropractic college research clinic in the midwestern United States. SUBJECTS: One hundred and eleven (111) individuals aged 18 years and over with subacute or chronic lowback pain. INTERVENTIONS: The active treatment consisted of flexion-distraction chiropractic manipulation and trigger point therapy and the control treatment of sham manipulation and effleurage; both groups received eight treatments over a 3-week period...
February 2005: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
P Vautravers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2003: Annales de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1961: Clinical Orthopaedics
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 1954: New England Journal of Medicine
E M Darre, F Biering-Sørensen, A Deis, O J Høydalsmo, P Kryger, J Lund, T Monrad, C F Müller
One thousand and fifty-eight conscripts participating in an investigation of back problems among conscripts in 1979-80 were re-examined 12 years later with an identical questionnaire concerning back problems. The questionnaire was answered by seven hundred and eighty-four persons (74%). The lifetime prevalence for low-back trouble was 73%, the one-year prevalence 53% and the point prevalence 26%. At the time of follow-up the incidence of low-back trouble depended on ever having had back pains and on having an X-ray made because of back problems...
March 29, 1999: Ugeskrift for Laeger
L Auquier, J R Siaud, J M Le Parc, E Lasne
In order to appreciate the consequence of tractor driving on the incidence of low back pain 72 tractorists (mean age: 35,1 +/- 6,3; mean first year driving (18,6 +/- 4,8), mean duration of driving (15,2 +/- 4,7) were compared to 62 non tractor driving farm workers (mean age: 36,5 +/- 6,5). Subjects were studied during a systematic yearly examination at the regional office for medical prevention. They were not informed of the purpose of the study. All subjects were submitted to a 45 items questionnaire made by one rheumatologist and to a standard physical examination of the dorsal and lumbar spine by another rheumatologist...
May 1983: Revue du Rhumatisme et des Maladies Ostéo-articulaires
O Kogstad, N Biørnstad
Pelvic girdle relaxation is physiologic during pregnancy and is caused by hormonal and biomechanical factors. When a pregnant women presents herself as a patient with low back- and pelvic pain, walking dysfunction, and when the pain is reproduced by sacroiliac provocation tests, the diagnosis "symptom-giving pelvic girdle relaxation" may be justified. If the same symptoms and signs continue after delivery, we suggest the term "pelvic joint syndrome". Studies of selected patients indicate an incidence of 1.5 to 16%...
June 30, 1990: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
J Eichler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1979: Der Orthopäde
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