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Yara Bernaldo de Quirós, Andreas Møllerløkken, Marianne B Havnes, Alf O Brubakk, Oscar González-Díaz, Antonio Fernández
The pathophysiological mechanism of decompression sickness is not fully understood but there is evidence that it can be caused by intravascular and autochthonous bubbles. Doppler ultrasound at a given circulatory location is used to detect and quantify the presence of intravascular gas bubbles as an indicator of decompression stress. In this manuscript we studied the relationship between presence and quantity of gas bubbles by echosonography of the pulmonary artery of anesthetized, air-breathing New Zealand White rabbits that were compressed and decompressed...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
A Dmitrovic, K Jeremic, U M Babic, M Perovic, T Mihailovic, D Opric, N Zecevic, M Gojnić-Dugalić
OBJECTIVE: First trial of estimating values of scans of fetal heart structures (FHS) in first trimester of pregnancy, as more primary facts of possible chromosomopathies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 2,643 fetuses that were examined in first trimester of pregnancy on Sono CT convex (C5-2MHz), endovaginal (ev 8-4MHz), and linear transducers (L12-5MHz) during a period of eight years. Fetal heart was evaluated using appropriate software with broad-band transducers and color Doppler, Sono CT, and HD ZOOM technologies...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
I Djordjevic, D Zivanovic, A Slavkovic, Z Marjanovic
Neonatal epididymo-orchitis is a rare condition, causing testicular pain in neonatal boys. It represents epididymo-testicular inflammation which commonly coexists with urinary tract infections and malformations. The idiopathic type is extremely rare. We present a case of a seven-day old male neonate with advanced septic form of idiopathic orchiepididymitis, and no associated urinary tract anomalies. The boy was hospitalized with signs of sepsis, anterior abdominal wall phlegmona and bilateral acute scrotum...
May 15, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Satoru Suzuki, Sanae Midorikawa, Toshihiko Fukushima, Hiroki Shimura, Tetsuya Ohira, Akira Ohtsuru, Masafumi Abe, Yoshisada Shibata, Shunichi Yamashita, Shinichi Suzuki
Although several reports have defined normal thyroid volume depending on either age or body surface, there are no sequential reference values on childhood thyroid volume evaluated by using ultrasonography and epidemiological analysis in Japan. The aim of the present study was to establish updated reference values for thyroid volume by ultrasound examination and epidemiological analysis in 0-19 year-old Japanese children. It is based on a cross-sectional study conducted from October 9, 2011 to March 31, 2012...
2015: Endocrine Journal
Robert Steiner, Sandra Makarovic, Zorin Makarovic, Ines Bilic-Curcic
First presented by Brugada and Brugada in 1992, Brugada Syndrome (BrS) is a primary electrical disease of the heart that causes sudden cardiac death or life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. This disease is hereditary autosomic dominant transmitted and genetically determined. The syndrome has been linked to mutations in SCN5A, the gene encoding for the a-subunit of the sodium channel. Electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities indicating Brugada syndrome, include repolarization and depolarization abnormalities in the absence of identifiable structural cardiac abnormalities or other conditions or agents known to lead to ST-segment elevation in the right precordial leads (V1-V3)...
March 2014: Collegium Antropologicum
Dzemal Ibricevic, Zelija Velija Asimi
INTRODUCTION: In approximately 50-70% of all women with PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) may be found lower or higher degree insulin resistance, while insensitivity to insulin cells very likely contributes hyperandrogenaemia which is responsible for the symptoms and signs of PCOS. Insulin resistance, PCOS and prediabetes are linked. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This research is retrospective-prospective, clinical, comparative and descriptive. The study included 60 women with PCOS, aged 20-40 years, with no acute or chronic diseases, divided into two groups: PCOS women with elevated body weight and PCOS women with normal body weight...
2013: Medical Archives
Tyler J Albert, Erik R Swenson
OBJECTIVE: Studies in animals have shown that interruption of carotid body afferent hypoxic signaling or efferent CNS activity to the lung enhances hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV). Whether a similar influence of the CNS on HPV strength is present in humans has never been studied, owing to the invasive nature of physical neural ablation or nonspecific systemic effects of pharmacological blockade of putative neural pathways. In order to demonstrate a peripheral chemoreceptor-mediated modulation of HPV in man, we hypothesized that individuals with high hypoxic ventilatory responsiveness, indicative of strong peripheral hypoxic chemosensitivity, should have less HPV in response to inspired hypoxia...
April 2014: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Vesna Cukic, Rusmir Baljic
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is the most serious manifestation of thromboembolic disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine the most common risk and etiologic factors of pulmonary tromboembolism in patients treated in Intensive care unit of Clinic for Pulmonary Diseases and TB "Podhrastovi" in three-year- period from 2008. to 2010. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed patients with PTE treated in Intensive care unit of Clinic for Pulmonary Diseases and TB "Podhrastovi" in three-year period from 2008...
2012: Materia Socio-medica
Dijana Jovanović, Branislav Gasic, Stevan Pavlovic, Radomir Naumovic
BACKGROUND/AIM: Echosonography is a simple, noninvasive method of kidney visualization. The objective of this study was to compare the kidney echosonograpic characteristics with the kidney function and anthropometric characteristics in healthy subjects and patients with the chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: The study involved 49 patients (21 men; 46.02 ± 14.27 years) with CKD and the control group of 46 healthy persons (20 males; 45.45 ± 18.48 years)...
July 2013: Renal Failure
Tatjana Stojković, Ivana Binić, Jelica Tiodorović
INTRODUCTION: This prospective study was aimed at examining the modification of ultrasound characteristics of psoriatic plaques during desoximetasone and dithranol treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The examination included 50 patients with chronic plaque-type psoriasis to whom 0.25% desoximetasone and dithranol was applied on the psoriatic lesions in the period of 21 days. The changes were measured before and every 7 days after the beginning of therapy by the combined application of A- and B-mode echosonography...
September 2012: Medicinski Pregled
Gordana Petrović, Aleksandar Nagorni, Goran Bjelaković, Daniela Benedeto Stojanov, Biljana Radovanović Dinić, Vesna Brzacki
INTRODUCTION: Trichobezoars are foreign bodies in gastrointestinal tract, composed of hair. They occur mainly in children and adolescents suffering from trichotillophagia. They commonly occur in the stomach, but as they enlarge over time, they can extend through the pylorus into distal parts of the small intestine resembling a tail. This rare form of trichobezoar is named Rapunzel syndrome. CASE REPORT: We presented a 19-year-old female patient, who suffered from trichotillomania and trichotillophagia, which led to trichobezoar formation...
August 2012: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Nikos Eleftheriadis, Pantelis Makris
UNLABELLED: The relation of hemophilia A with thrombophilia V Leiden is extremely rare in the literature. Furthermore, hemophiliac patients have an increased risk of severe life-threatening hemorrhage, blood transfusions, and therefore hepatitis transmission, mainly hepatitis C (HCV). AIMS AND METHODS: We present a 54-year-old male with a 5-year history of decompensated liver cirrhosis on the grounds of HCV hepatitis, hemophilia A, and thrombophilia V Leiden. He was admitted to our department because of severe abdominal distension, resembling 'tense ascites' despite the use of diuretics...
2010: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Dragoljub Bilanović, Darko Zdravković, Borisav Tosković
INTRODUCTION: Biliobronchial fistula (BBF) is an abnormal communication between the biliary system and bronchial tree due to trauma, hemiheptectomy benign biliary stricture with cholangitis and necrotic hepatic infections such as hydatid disease. Intratoracic rupture of a hydatis cyst of the liver is a rare but severe complication with an incidence about 1% and mortality rate about 10%. CASE REPORT: A 50-year-old male patient presented with cough, episodes of biliary expectoration and haemoptysis followed with fever, fatigue and dyspnea...
May 2009: Medicinski Pregled
R Brdar, I Petronic, D Abramovic, D Nikolic, D Cirovic
The paper presents three children of various ages with tumors of different histology localized in the retroperitoneum. The children underwent investigation as orthopedic cases at the Orthopedic Department of the Belgrade University Childrens' Hospital. All children had orthopedic symptoms and several similar clinical findings: high or increased red blood cell (RBC) sedimentation, increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and hypochromic anemia. Retroperitoneal tumors were diagnosed by echosonography. Further investigations were targeted towards histological verification and treatment protocol for retroperitoneal tumor...
2009: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Tamara Alempijević, Miodrag Krstić, Ivan Jovanović, Dragan Popović
Chronic pancreatitis is a disease with well-defined histopathology, however, the diagnosis is not based on the grading of histological changes, but on the features registered by the methods of morphological and functional diagnostic procedures. The correct diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis is easy in advanced stages, but difficult in early stages of the disease. In this review, we present the current methods used (echosonography, computer tomography, magnetic resonance, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic echosonography) in the diagnostics of chronic pancreatitis...
November 2008: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Vera Krstić, Zeljko Smoljanić, Jelena Djurović, Vujica Marković, Natalija Kosanović-Jaković
INTRODUCTION: Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common eye tumour in children and is curable. Patients with hereditary RB have increased risk of developing additional tumours, predominantly sarcomas. The published results on the treatment of bilateral RB have shown that 10-15% of patients develop second primary tumours (SPT). Average latent period, e.g. the period from the diagnosis of bilateral RB to the appearance of SPT is 10.4 years. In the literature, the appearance of second benign tumours in patients suffering from unilateral and bilateral RB has not been analyzed separately...
November 2008: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Biljana Gerasimovska-Kitanovska, Katica Zafirovska, Stevka Bogdanovska, Ljubinka Lozance
INTRODUCTION: HASH(0x374d6e8) AIM: to determine differences in regulation of blood pressure and renal function in patients with moderate intake of alcohol (1-14 units per week). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-section study performed at the Department of Nephrology. Seventy-six patients admitted for diagnosis and treatment of hypertension were included. Patients with diabetes mellitus, renal failure and other coorbidities were excluded from the study...
2007: Medicinski Pregled
Dj Nale, P Nikić, I Vuković, D Djordjević, A Vuksanović
INTRODUCTION: Penile fracture presents with rupture of corpora cavernosa. It is not rare but is remarkable. Treatment options are controversial. AIM: To establish the incidence, what are early and late complications in patients treated surgically or with conservative treatment options (prospective/retrospective and randomized analysis). To find out what therapy verified as superior. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The total of 32 patients with typical acute penile fracture were analyzed...
2008: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
L G Kozhanov, A M Sdvizhkov, M V Muliarets, E S Romanova
Laryngeal echosonography was made in 50 healthy subjects and 186 patients with laryngeal cancer to evaluate efficacy of ultrasound in diagnosis of laryngeal cancer. The study revealed sonographic characteristics typical for laryngeal cancer, endophytic tumors, in particular. Ultrasound can assess involvement of the laryngeal cartilages and severity of their lesion, invasion of the tumor into the underlying tissues and cervical organs. The tumor can be verified by puncture aspiration biopsy using ultrasound monitor...
2008: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
M D Brajović, N S Marković, N A Despotović, G M Loncar, N I Dostanić, Z N Savić
Color duplex scanning is important method in diagnostics of carotid stenosis disease (CSD). This method is accurate in estimation of stenosis degree and plaque quality characteristics as potential source of embolus. It enable the approach to extracranial as mostly affected segments of carotid arteries, frequent follow up of asymptomatic clinical course of the disease and inspection in local chemodynamic flow parameters. Beside numerous advantages, in cases of severe degree stenosis of echolucent or heterogeneous calcificant plaques, estimation of stenosis degree is inaccurate and than the use maximal flow velocities for stenosis degree estimation is better...
2007: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
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