keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Postprandial lipaemia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774915/summation-of-blood-glucose-and-tag-to-characterise-the-metabolic-load-index
#1
Sam R Emerson, Mark D Haub, Colby S Teeman, Stephanie P Kurti, Sara K Rosenkranz
Research points to postprandial glucose and TAG measures as preferable assessments of cardiovascular risk as compared with fasting values. Although elevated postprandial glycaemic and lipaemic responses are thought to substantially increase chronic disease risk, postprandial glycaemia and lipaemia have historically only been considered separately. However, carbohydrates and fats can generally 'compete' for clearance from the stomach, small intestine, bloodstream and within the peripheral cell. Further, there are previous data demonstrating that the addition of carbohydrate to a high-fat meal blunts the postprandial lipaemic response, and the addition of fat to a high-carbohydrate meal blunts the postprandial glycaemic response...
October 24, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511058/modulation-of-postprandial-lipaemia-by-a-single-meal-containing-a-commonly-consumed-interesterified-palmitic-acid-rich-fat-blend-compared-to-a-non-interesterified-equivalent
#2
Wendy L Hall, Sara Iqbal, Helen Li, Robert Gray, Sarah E E Berry
PURPOSE: Interesterification of palm stearin and palm kernal (PSt/PK) is widely used by the food industry to create fats with desirable functional characteristics for applications in spreads and bakery products, negating the need for trans fatty acids. Previous studies have reported reduced postprandial lipaemia, an independent risk factor for CVD, following interesterified (IE) palmitic and stearic acid-rich fats that are not currently widely used by the food industry. The current study investigates the effect of the most commonly consumed PSt/PK IE blend on postprandial lipaemia...
August 10, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456841/association-of-the-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-promoter-polymorphism-with-change-in-triacylglycerol-response-to-sequential-meals
#3
Kim G Jackson, Yue Li, Miriam F Ryan, Eileen R Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Helen M Roche, Christine M Williams, Julie A Lovegrove, Karani S Vimaleswaran
BACKGROUND: Reported associations between Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNFA) and the postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG) response have been inconsistent, which could be due to variations in the TNFA gene, meal fat composition or participant's body weight. Hence, we investigated the association of TNFA polymorphism (-308G → A) with body mass index (BMI) and postprandial lipaemia and also determined the impact of BMI on the association of the polymorphism with postprandial lipaemia...
2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26999119/impact-of-lipoprotein-lipase-gene-polymorphism-s447x-on-postprandial-triacylglycerol-and-glucose-response-to-sequential-meal-ingestion
#4
Israa M Shatwan, Anne-Marie Minihane, Christine M Williams, Julie A Lovegrove, Kim G Jackson, Karani S Vimaleswaran
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key rate-limiting enzyme for the hydrolysis of triacylglycerol (TAG) in chylomicrons and very low-density lipoprotein. Given that postprandial assessment of lipoprotein metabolism may provide a more physiological perspective of disturbances in lipoprotein homeostasis compared to assessment in the fasting state, we have investigated the influence of two commonly studied LPL polymorphisms (rs320, HindIII; rs328, S447X) on postprandial lipaemia, in 261 participants using a standard sequential meal challenge...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26774017/pleiotropic-effects-of-insulin-and-glp-1-receptor-agonists-potential-benefits-of-the-association
#5
REVIEW
B Cariou
The combination of basal insulin and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) is an emerging option for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). GLP-1RAs have been shown to improve glycaemic control with a low risk of hypoglycaemia and to promote body weight loss. However, GLP-1 receptors (GLP-1Rs) are widely expressed in extrapancreatic tissues and could sustain pleiotropic actions of GLP-1RAs beyond glycaemic control. The underlying molecular mechanisms maintaining these extrapancreatic actions of GLP-1 are complex, and involve GLP-1R signalling in both the brain and several peripheral tissues...
December 2015: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26470639/strength-exercise-and-training-in-postprandial-lipaemia
#6
C Silva Correa, R C Rebolledo Cobos, Á Reischak-Oliveira
The development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has been associated to alterations on lipid profile as well found during postprandial period, phenomenon known as postprandial lipaemia (PL). Physical exercise is currently the major non-pharmacological intervention used to prevention and reduction of risk factors to developing of CVD. For this reason, there is growing interest under the effects of physical exercise, especially strength training, on regulation and balance of lipid metabolism, particularly of risk groups such as post-menopausal women that have more prone to CVD than men and lose much of the cardioprotective effect of estradiol during and after menopause period...
September 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26438068/the-effect-of-prior-walking-on-coronary-heart-disease-risk-markers-in-south-asian-and-european-men
#7
Saravana Pillai Arjunan, Kevin Deighton, Nicolette C Bishop, James King, Alvaro Reischak-Oliveira, Alice Rogan, Matthew Sedgwick, Alice E Thackray, David Webb, David J Stensel
PURPOSE: Heart disease risk is elevated in South Asians possibly due to impaired postprandial metabolism. Running has been shown to induce greater reductions in postprandial lipaemia in South Asian than European men, but the effect of walking in South Asians is unknown. METHODS: Fifteen South Asian and 14 white European men aged 19-30 years completed two, 2-day trials in a randomised crossover design. On day 1, participants rested (control) or walked for 60 min at approximately 50 % maximum oxygen uptake (exercise)...
December 2015: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26116999/accumulating-exercise-and-postprandial-health-in-adolescents
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bert Bond, Craig A Williams, Sarah R Jackman, Adam Woodward, Neil Armstrong, Alan R Barker
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of exercise intensity on postprandial health outcomes in adolescents when exercise is accumulated throughout the day. METHODS: 19 adolescents (9 male, 13.7±0.4 years old) completed three 1-day trials in a randomised order: (1) rest (CON); or four bouts of (2) 2×1 min cycling at 90% peak power with 75 s recovery (high-intensity interval exercise; HIIE); or (3) cycling at 90% of the gas exchange threshold (moderate-intensity exercise; MIE), which was work-matched to HIIE...
September 2015: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25992705/relevance-of-liver-fat-to-the-impact-of-dietary-extrinsic-sugars-on-lipid-metabolism
#9
REVIEW
B A Griffin
In contrast to the decline in mortality from many non-infectious, chronic diseases in the UK, death from liver disease has increased exponentially in men and women over the past 40 years. This is primarily because of the over consumption of alcohol, but also the increased prevalence of obesity, which is linked to early pathology through the accumulation of liver fat. Supra-physiological intakes of fructose-containing sugar can produce acute, adverse effects on lipid metabolism, and deliver excess energy that increases bodyweight and the deposition of fat in sites other than adipose tissue, including the liver...
August 2015: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25794044/high-volume-resistance-training-reduces-postprandial-lipaemia-in-postmenopausal-women
#10
Cleiton Silva Correa, Bruno Costa Teixeira, Roberto Carlos Rebolledo Cobos, Rodrigo Cauduro Oliveira Macedo, Renata Lopes Kruger, Randall Bruce Kreismann Carteri, Régis Radaelli, Julia Silveira Gross, Ronei Silveira Pinto, Álvaro Reischak-Oliveira
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 11 weeks of low-volume resistance training (LVRT) and high-volume resistance training (HVRT) on muscle strength, muscle thickness (MT), and postprandial lipaemia (PPL) in postmenopausal women. Thirty-six healthy and untrained postmenopausal women (age, 58.9 ± 5.8 years; 68.6 ± 10.3 kg; and BMI, 26.9 ± 4.8 kg · m(-2)) participated in resistance training 3× per week for 11 weeks (HVRT = 12; LVRT = 13; and control group = 11). Biochemical variables, both pretraining and post-training, were evaluated 16 h after the administration of an oral fat tolerance test (OFTT) and metabolic variable during [energy expenditure (EE)] and after training session [excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC)]...
2015: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25793007/the-apob-insertion-deletion-polymorphism-rs17240441-influences-postprandial-lipaemia-in-healthy-adults
#11
Karani Santhanakrishnan Vimaleswaran, Anne M Minihane, Yue Li, Rosalyn Gill, Julie A Lovegrove, Christine M Williams, Kim G Jackson
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein (apo)B is the structural apoprotein of intestinally- and liver- derived lipoproteins and plays an important role in the transport of triacylglycerol (TAG) and cholesterol. Previous studies have examined the association between the APOB insertion/deletion (ins/del) polymorphism (rs17240441) and postprandial lipaemia in response to a single meal; however the findings have been inconsistent with studies often underpowered to detect genotype-lipaemia associations, focused mainly on men, or with limited postprandial characterisation of participants...
2015: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25400508/dairy-and-cardiovascular-health-friend-or-foe
#12
REVIEW
O Markey, D Vasilopoulou, D I Givens, J A Lovegrove
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevalence at a global level is predicted to increase substantially over the next decade due to the increasing ageing population and incidence of obesity. Hence, there is an urgent requirement to focus on modifiable contributors to CVD risk, including a high dietary intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA). As an important source of SFA in the UK diet, milk and dairy products are often targeted for SFA reduction. The current paper acknowledges that milk is a complex food and that simply focusing on the link between SFA and CVD risk overlooks the other beneficial nutrients of dairy foods...
June 2014: Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25291660/inter-relationships-between-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-apolipoprotein-c-iii-and-plasma-apolipoprotein-b-48-transport-in-obese-subjects-a-stable-isotope-study-in-the-postprandial-state
#13
Dick C Chan, Annette T Y Wong, Jing Pang, P Hugh R Barrett, Gerald F Watts
Postprandial lipaemia, due to elevated plasma apolipoprotein (apo) B-48 concentrations, contributes to increased cardiovascular (CV) risk in obesity. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) and apoC-III may play a role in regulating triacylglycerol-rich lipoprotein (TRL)-apoB-48 metabolism. We investigated the associations between plasma PCSK9 and apoC-III concentrations and the kinetics of apoB-48 in obese subjects. Seventeen obese subjects were given an oral fat load. ApoB-48 tracer/tracee ratios were measured after an intravenous 2H3-leucine administration using GC-MS...
March 2015: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25191552/consumption-of-low-doses-of-fat-prevents-the-postprandial-rise-in-chylomicron-particle-concentration-and-remnant-accumulation-in-healthy-normolipidaemic-males
#14
Anthony P James, John C Mamo
Chylomicron particles are continually synthesised and secreted from the intestine even in the absence of ingested fat. It is possible that following consumption of low doses of fat the basal level of chylomicron secretion and subsequent metabolism are sufficient to metabolise this fat without an increase in postprandial chylomicron concentrations. To test this hypothesis, healthy male subjects were randomised to receive, on three separate occasions, meals containing a range of doses of fat (average 8·1-19 g) and effects on postprandial lipaemia and chylomicron concentration were determined...
2012: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25165723/study-of-postprandial-lipaemia-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-exenatide-versus-liraglutide
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Maria Voukali, Irene Kastrinelli, Sapfo Stragalinou, Dimitra Tasiopoulou, Pinelopi Paraskevopoulou, Nicholas Katsilambros, Alexandros Kokkinos, Nicholas Tentolouris, Ioannis Ioannidis
Therapeutic approaches based on the actions of the incretin hormone GLP-1 have been widely established in the management of T2DM. Nevertheless, much less research has been aimed at elucidating the role of GLP-1 in lipid metabolism and in particular postprandial dyslipidemia. Exenatide and liraglutide are two GLP-1 receptor agonists which are currently available as subcutaneously administered treatment for T2DM but their chronic effects on postprandial lipaemia have not been well investigated. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of treatment with either liraglutide or exenatide for two weeks on postprandial lipaemia in obese subjects with T2DM...
2014: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25042869/sort1-protective-allele-is-associated-with-attenuated-postprandial-lipaemia-in-young-adults
#16
Kimberly E Connors, Angela E Karlos, Elizabeth A Gnatiuk, Jane Shearer, Raylene A Reimer, Dustin S Hittel
BACKGROUND: Elevated levels of lipids and lipoproteins have strong genetic determinants and are recognized as key risk factors for atherogenesis and cardiovascular disease, particularly in the postprandial state. The aim of the study to determine whether young adults, when stratified by genotype at the rs646776 variant of the 1p13 locus, displayed differential postprandial responses to an oral fat tolerance test. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants (n=30) received a high-fat mixed meal (91 g; 55% kcal from fat) after an overnight fast and a fat-exclusion meal (3...
October 2014: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24953399/hypertriglyceridaemia-postprandial-lipaemia-and-non-hdl-cholesterol
#17
REVIEW
Claudia Stefanutti, Giancarlo Labbadia, Vasilios G Athyros
Maintaining total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglyceride (TG) levels within healthy limits decreases the risk of atherosclerotic vascular disease (AVD) and cardiovascular (CV) events. The predictive value of elevated TG levels for coronary artery disease (CAD) seen in univariate analysis tends to disappear on multivariate analyses, especially when correction is made for HDL-C. The relationship between TG and HDL-C is complex and not fully understood...
2014: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24394314/acute-effects-of-acarbose-on-post-prandial-glucose-and-triglycerides-in-type-2-diabetics-following-intake-of-different-malaysian-foods
#18
H M Nawawi, T N Yazid, F Ismail, B A Khalid
Acarbose inhibits intestinal alpha-glucosidases resulting in diminished and delayed postprandial hyperglycaemia (PPH). Studies on effects of acarbose on postprandial lipaemia (PPL) have been inconclusive. Little is known about the effects of acarbose on PPH and PPL following intake of a polysaccharide diet. We studied 30 type 2 diabetic patients on dietary and/or oral hypoglycaemic agent(s). Thirty patients were recruited for food A (nasi lemak), 28 for food B (mee goreng) and 28 for food C (roti telur), which represent the typical diets of the three main races in Malaysia...
March 2000: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24132660/a-cho-fibre-diet-reduces-and-a-mufa-diet-increases-postprandial-lipaemia-in-type-2-diabetes-no-supplementary-effects-of-low-volume-physical-training
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
L Bozzetto, G Annuzzi, G Costabile, L Costagliola, M Giorgini, A Alderisio, A Strazzullo, L Patti, P Cipriano, A Mangione, A Vitelli, C Vigorito, G Riccardi, A A Rivellese
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a supervised physical training added to a healthy diet-rich in either carbohydrate and fibre (CHO/fibre) or monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA)-on postprandial dyslipidaemia, an independent cardiovascular risk factor particularly relevant in type 2 diabetes (T2D). Participants were forty-five overweight/obese subjects with T2D, of both genders, in good blood glucose control with diet or diet+metformin, with normal fasting plasma lipids. According to a parallel groups 2 × 2 factorial design, participants were randomized to an 8-week isoenergetic intervention with a CHO/fibre or a MUFA diet, with or without a supervised low-volume aerobic training programme...
2014: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23683069/liraglutide-suppresses-postprandial-triglyceride-and-apolipoprotein-b48-elevations-after-a-fat-rich-meal-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-cross-over-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
K Hermansen, T A Bækdal, M Düring, A Pietraszek, L S Mortensen, H Jørgensen, A Flint
AIMS: Postprandial triglyceridaemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study investigated the effects of steady-state liraglutide 1.8 mg versus placebo on postprandial plasma lipid concentrations after 3 weeks of treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: In a cross-over trial, patients with T2DM (n = 20, 18-75 years, BMI 18.5-40 kg/m²) were randomized to once-daily subcutaneous liraglutide (weekly dose escalation from 0...
November 2013: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
keyword
keyword
58178
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"