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Neonatal pneumonia.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906699/causes-of-mortality-in-early-infantile-epileptic-encephalopathy-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Graciane Radaelli, Francisco de Souza Santos, Wyllians Vendramini Borelli, Leonardo Pisani, Magda Lahorgue Nunes, Fulvio Alexandre Scorza, Jaderson Costa da Costa
INTRODUCTION: Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy syndrome (EIEE), also known as Ohtahara syndrome, is an age-dependent epileptic encephalopathy syndrome defined by clinical features and electroencephalographic findings. Epileptic disorders with refractory seizures beginning in the neonatal period and/or early infancy have a potential risk of premature mortality, including sudden death. We aimed to identify the causes of death in EIEE and conducted a literature survey of fatal outcomes...
June 12, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889859/global-etiology-of-bacterial-meningitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Anouk M Oordt-Speets, Renee Bolijn, Rosa C van Hoorn, Amit Bhavsar, Moe H Kyaw
Bacterial meningitis is a global public health concern, with several responsible etiologic agents that vary by age group and geographical area. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the etiology of bacterial meningitis in different age groups across global regions. PubMed and EMBASE were systematically searched for English language studies on bacterial meningitis, limited to articles published in the last five years. The methodological quality of the studies was assessed using a customized scoring system...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883983/the-relationship-of-assisted-reproductive-technology-on-perinatal-outcomes-in-triplet-gestations
#3
Jaimin S Shah, Tania Roman, Oscar A Viteri, Ziad A Haidar, Alejandra Ontiveros, Baha M Sibai
OBJECTIVE:  To assess whether assisted reproductive technology (ART) is associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in triplet gestations compared with spontaneous conception. STUDY DESIGN:  Secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized trial for the prevention of preterm birth in multiple gestations. Triplets delivered at ≥ 24 weeks were studied. The primary outcome was the rate of composite neonatal morbidity (CNM) that included one or more of the following: bronchopulmonary dysplasia, respiratory distress syndrome, necrotizing enterocolitis, culture proven sepsis, pneumonia, retinopathy of prematurity, intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, or perinatal death...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872035/a-cross-sectional-seroepidemiology-study-of-ev-d68-in-china
#4
Shiyang Sun, Fan Gao, Yalin Hu, Lianlian Bian, Xing Wu, Yao Su, Ruixiao Du, Ying Fu, Fengcai Zhu, Qunying Mao, Zhenglun Liang
Enterovirus 68 (EV-D68) is associated with respiratory diseases, such as acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs), lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs), pneumonia, neurological diseases, and acute flaccid myelitis (AFM). In recent years, there have been global outbreaks of EV-D68 epidemics. However, there is no effective vaccine against EV-D68, and the understanding of the seroprevalence characteristics of EV-D68 is limited. To evaluate the epidemiological features of this emerging infection in mainland China, serum samples from 20 pairs of pregnant women and their neonates, 405 infants and children (ages 1 month-15 years), and 50 adults were collected to measure EV-D68 neutralizing antibodies (NtAbs)...
June 6, 2018: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870516/multicenter-study-of-device-associated-infection-rates-bacterial-resistance-length-of-stay-and-mortality-in-intensive-care-units-of-2-cities-of-vietnam-international-nosocomial-infection-control-consortium-findings
#5
Nguyen Viet Hung, Phan Thi Hang, Victor D Rosenthal, Le Thi Anh Thu, Le Thi Thu Nguyet, Ngo Quy Chau, Truong Anh Thu, Dinh Pham Phuong Anh, Tran Thi My Hanh, Tran Thi Thuy Hang, Dang Thi Van Trang, Nguyen Phuc Tien, Vo Thi Hong Thoa, Đao Quang Minh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report the results of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) study conducted from May 2008 to March 2015. METHODS: A device-associated healthcare-acquired infection surveillance study in three adult intensive care units (ICUs) and 1 neonatal ICU from 4 hospitals in Vietnam using U.S. the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Healthcare Safety Network (CDC/NHSN) definitions and criteria as well as INICC methods...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866884/dna-methylation-regulates-the-neonatal-cd4-t-cell-response-to-pneumonia-in-mice
#6
Sharon McGrath-Morrow, Roland Ndeh, Kathryn A Helmin, Shang-Yang Chen, Kishore R Anekalla, Hiam Abdala-Valencia, Franco R D'Alessio, J Michael Collaco, Benjamin D Singer
Pediatric acute lung injury, usually due to pneumonia, has a mortality rate of more than 20% and an incidence that rivals that of all childhood cancers combined. CD4+ T-cells coordinate the immune response to pneumonia but fail to function robustly among the very young, which have poor outcomes from lung infection. We hypothesized that DNA methylation represses a mature CD4+ T-cell transcriptional program in neonates with pneumonia. Here, we found that neonatal mice (3-4 days old) aspirated with Escherichia coli bacteria had a higher mortality rate than juvenile mice (11-14 days old)...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843857/healthcare-associated-infections-in-paediatric-and-neonatal-wards-a-point-prevalence-survey-at-four-south-african-hospitals
#7
C Olivier, H Kunneke, N O'Connell, E Von Delft, M Wates, A Dramowski
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) cause substantial morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. The prevalence of neonatal/paediatric HAI at South African (SA) district and regional hospitals is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To document HAI rates, antimicrobial use for HAI, infection prevention staffing, hand hygiene (HH) provisions and HH compliance rates in neonatal and paediatric wards in two district and two regional hospitals in the Western Cape Province, SA...
April 25, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808003/preeclampsia-predicts-higher-incidence-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#8
Gustavo Rocha, Filipa Flor de Lima, Ana Paula Machado, Hercília Guimarães
INTRODUCTION: It is not known whether very preterm infants born to preeclamptic women have worse outcomes than those delivered preterm for other causes. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association between preeclampsia (PE) and the neonatal morbidity and mortality of very preterm infants. METHODS: Over 2015 and 2016, 11 collaborating Portuguese level III NICUs prospectively enrolled a cohort of mothers with or without PE who delivered liveborn premature infants between 24 and 30 completed weeks of gestation...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800541/neonatal-outcomes-of-elective-early-term-births-after-demonstrated-fetal-lung-maturity
#9
Alan T N Tita, Kathleen A Jablonski, Jennifer L Bailit, William A Grobman, Ronald J Wapner, Uma M Reddy, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Kenneth J Leveno, Steve N Caritis, Jay D Iams, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
BACKGROUND: Studies of early term birth after demonstrated fetal lung maturity show that respiratory and other outcomes are worse with early term birth (370 -386 ) even after demonstrated fetal lung maturity when compared with full term birth (390 -406 ). However these studies included medically indicated births and are therefore potentially limited by confounding by the indication for delivery. Thus the increase in adverse outcomes might be due to the indication for early term birth rather than the early term birth itself...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799085/venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support-for-neonatal-and-pediatric-refractory-septic-shock-more-than-15-years-of-learning
#10
Anna Solé, Iolanda Jordan, Sara Bobillo, Julio Moreno, Monica Balaguer, Lluisa Hernández-Platero, Susana Segura, Francisco José Cambra, Elisabeth Esteban, Javier Rodríguez-Fanjul
The objective of the study was to report our institutional experience in the management of children and newborns with refractory septic shock who required venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) treatment, and to identify patient-and infection-related factors associated with mortality. This is a retrospective case series in an intensive care unit of a tertiary pediatric center. Inclusion criteria were patients ≤ 18 years old who underwent a VA ECMO due to a refractory septic shock due to circulatory collapse...
May 24, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793870/cell-count-analysis-from-nonbronchoscopic-bronchoalveolar-lavage-in-preterm-infants
#11
Valentina Dell'Orto, Nadege Bourgeois-Nicolaos, Caroline Rouard, Olivier Romain, Shivani Shankar-Aguilera, Florence Doucet-Populaire, Daniele De Luca
OBJECTIVES: To establish the reference values, diagnostic accuracy, and effect of various factors on cell count in intubated preterm neonates subjected to nonbronchoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective, cross-sectional, blinded study included preterm neonates ventilated for any reason who underwent nonbronchoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage if they had not previously received postnatal antibiotics or steroids. Lavage was performed before surfactant replacement, if any...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790844/antibiotic-use-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-neonates-and-children-who-evidence-review
#12
Shrey Mathur, Aline Fuchs, Julia Bielicki, Johannes Van Den Anker, Mike Sharland
Background Pneumonia is the most common cause of death in children worldwide, accounting for 15% of all deaths of children under 5 years of age. This review summarises the evidence for the empirical antibiotic treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in neonates and children and puts emphasis on publications since the release of the previous WHO Evidence Summary report published in 2014. Methods A systematic search for systematic reviews and meta-analyses of antibiotic therapy for community-acquired pneumonia was conducted between 1 January 2013 and 10 November 2016...
November 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790141/-using-trm-to-enhance-the-accuracy-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-preventive-measures-implemented-by-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-medical-staffs
#13
Yu-Ting Huang, Chao-Ya Huang, Hsiu-Ya Su, Chen-Te Ma
BACKGROUND & PROBLEMS: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common healthcare-associated infection in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The average VAP infection density was 4.7‰ in our unit between June and August 2015. The results of a status survey indicated that in-service education lacked specialization, leading to inadequate awareness among staffs regarding the proper care of newborns with VAP and a lack of related care guides. This, in turn, resulted in inconsistencies in care measures for newborns with VAP...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781043/comparison-of-four-days-versus-seven-days-duration-of-antibiotic-therapy-for-neonatal-pneumonia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
N B Mathur, A Murugesan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of 4 day course (study group) with 7 day course (control group) of antibiotic treatment in neonatal pneumonia, on treatment success rate. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted in a tertiary teaching hospital. Seventy, term and near-term neonates with pneumonia who had clinical remission by 48 h of antibiotic therapy were included. The neonates were randomized to receive a total of 4 d of antibiotics (Group 1) or 7 d of antibiotics (Group 2)...
May 21, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774737/neonatal-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-more-questions-than-answers
#15
Daniele De Luca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774445/pregnancy-complicated-by-influenza-a-ards-requiring-consecutive-vv-ecmo-treatment-with-successful-vaginal-delivery
#16
Peter Radsel, Vojka Gorjup, Anja Jazbec, Rihard Knafelj, Miha Lucovnik, Gorazd Kavsek, Lilijana Kornhauser Cerar, Marko Noc
A 29-year-old woman presented with influenza A ARDS at 23+0 weeks of gestation. Mechanical ventilation failed and VV-ECMO was started in a non-ECMO hospital. Transportation was performed on ECMO. Within 5 days ECMO weaning was successful. Fetal condition was stable, and decision to continue pregnancy was taken. However, second VV-ECMO was needed due to ventilator-associated pneumonia. At 25+6 weeks, the patient spontaneously delivered a neonate vaginally. Patient's condition improved, and ECMO could be removed 10 days postpartum...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764503/bacteriological-profile-of-neonatal-sepsis-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-isolates-admitted-at-kanti-children-s-hospital-kathmandu-nepal
#17
Nikita Singh Yadav, Saroj Sharma, Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Prabhat Panthi, Pankaj Pokhrel, Anil Shrestha, Pappu Kumar Mandal
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality of newborns (< 1 month of age). Septicemia and drug resistance is a predominant issue for neonatal death in Nepal. This study is intended to find bacteriological profile of neonatal sepsis and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the isolates from neonates at Kanti Children's Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal. RESULTS: Out of 350 suspected cases of neonatal sepsis, 59 (16.9%) cases showed positive blood culture...
May 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763630/clinical-and-molecular-epidemiologic-characteristics-of-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-infection-colonization-among-neonates-in-china
#18
Dandan Yin, Lei Zhang, Aimin Wang, Leiyan He, Yun Cao, Fupin Hu, Chuanqing Wang
BACKGROUND: The spread of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-KPN) is a major concern, but data on CR-KPN infection/colonization in paediatric populations are limited. AIM: This study aimed to analyze epidemiologic and clinical characteristics, therapeutic options of CR-KPN infections in neonates in China. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed at the Children's Hospital of Fudan University, including 88 neonates with CR-KPN admitted between November 2015 and October 2016...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761673/neonatal-risk-factors-for-colonization-with-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-bacteria-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#19
Viktoria Leikin-Zach, Eilon Shany, Maayan Yitshak-Sade, Ron Eshel, Tali Shafat, Avraham Borer, Rimma Melamed
BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production is the most common antimicrobial resistance mechanism in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), with colonization and blood stream infections being a major threat to this population. Since 2013, all NICU admissions at our facility were screened twice weekly for ESBL colonization. OBJECTIVES: To determine independent risk factors for colonization of infants with ESBL-producing bacteria in the NICU. METHODS: A retrospective case study of ESBL-colonized infants vs...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745619/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-first-french-study
#20
Guillaume Geslain, Isabelle Guellec, Romain Guedj, Julia Guilbert, Sandrine Jean, Cécile Valentin, Maryne Demoulin, Yohann Soreze, Ricardo Carbajal, Pierre-Louis Leger, Jerome Rambaud
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a severe intensive complication and remains under estimated in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Center for Disease Control defined criteria for adults and pediatrics without neonatal criteria. The objective of this article was to evaluate the rate, the risks factors and the outcome of neonates suffering from ventilator-associated pneumonia in a French NICU. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study within a one-year period in our NICU...
May 9, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
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