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Military ultrasound

Mike LaDuke, Jon Monti, Aaron Cronin, Bart Gillum
BACKGROUND: Patients commonly present to emergency rooms and primary care clinics with cellulitic skin infections with or without abscess formation. In military operational units, non-physician medical personnel provide most primary and initial emergency medical care. The objective of this study was to determine if, after minimal training, Army physician assistants and medics could use portable ultrasound (US) machines to detect superficial soft tissue abscesses. METHODS: This was a single-blinded, randomized, prospective observational study conducted over the course of 2 days at a military installation...
March 2017: Military Medicine
Joseph J Knapik, Katy Reynolds, Robin Orr, Rodney Pope
This is the second of a two-part series addressing symptoms, evaluation, and treatment of load carriage- related paresthesias. Part 1 addressed rucksack palsy and digitalgia paresthetica; here, meralgia paresthetica (MP) is discussed. MP is a mononeuropathy involving the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN). MP has been reported in load carriage situations where the LFCN was compressed by rucksack hipbelts, pistol belts, parachute harnesses, and body armor. In the US military, the rate of MP is 6.2 cases/10,000 personyears...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Katerina Manethova, Jan Ernest, Michal Hrevus
PURPOSE: To report a case of a 29-year-old man who was examined at the Eye Clinic of Central Military University Hospital Prague for a severe headache and acute blurring of vision in both eyes diagnosed as incomplete Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH). METHODS: This is a retrospective and descriptive case report based on data from clinical records, patient observation and follow-ups and analysis of acquired diagnostic tests. RESULTS: A 29-year-old man presented with headache and decreased vision in his left eye (LE) for 2 days...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Amichai Gutgold, David J Gross, Benjamin Glaser, Auryan Szalat
Context: Hypoglycemia is a rare event in healthy adults, and the differential diagnosis includes many diseases, some of which are rare and easily missed. Design, Setting, Description: A 20-year-old male military paramedic was referred to our emergency department for investigation of recurrent hypoglycemia episodes during the previous months. Factitious hypoglycemia was excluded, and organic hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia was diagnosed by the findings from a prolonged fast...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Mehreen Fatima, Muhammad Aslam Khan, Shahid Jamal, Jawad Khaliq Ansari, Muhammad Usman Ullah
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values, and diagnostic accuracy of Endobronchial Ultrasound Guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). STUDY DESIGN: Across-sectional validation study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Histopathology, Army Medical College, in collaboration with Department of Pulmonology, Military Hospital Rawalpindi, from March 2014 to March 2015. METHODOLOGY: Cases of EBUS-TBNAcomprised of both TBNAs and cell block/biopsy of the same patients...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Xi Xiong, Ping Yan, Chunyan Gao, Qiulei Sun, Fenglian Xu
Objective. To evaluate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). Methods. Clinical data from 92 patients with lower uterine segment pregnancy, who underwent conventional ultrasound and CEUS examination in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, were collected by Xinqiao Hospital Third Military Medical University from March 2014 to March 2015. The parameters of ultrasound contrast time-intensity curve (TIC), including arrival time, time to peak, time from peak to one half, basic intensity, peak intensity, and wash-in slope, were analyzed...
2016: BioMed Research International
J I Cacho, N Campillo, P Viñas, M Hernández-Córdoba
A rapid and sensitive procedure for the determination of six NPs in soils by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is proposed. Ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE) is used for NP extraction from soil matrices to an organic solvent, while the environmentally friendly technique dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) is used for the preconcentration of the resulting UAE extracts. NPs were derivatized by applying an "in-situ" acetylation procedure, before being injected into the GC-MS system using microvial insert large volume injection (LVI)...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Jonathan K Smith, Matthew E Miller, Craig G Carroll, Walter J Faillace, Leon J Nesti, Christina M Cawley, Mark E Landau
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral nerve injuries (PNI) sustained in combat are typically severe and are frequently associated with marked soft tissue damage, anatomic distortion, and retained metallic fragments. These features complicate clinical and electrodiagnostic assessment and may preclude MRI. METHODS: We describe 4 cases of military personnel who sustained high-velocity gunshot wounds or blasts with metal fragment injuries in which high resolution peripheral nerve ultrasound (US) proved beneficial...
December 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Rabia Ahmed, Hafeez Ud Din, Shoaib Naiyar Hashmi, Iqbal Muhammad
A 37-year female presented with complaint of lower abdominal pain and amenorrhoea to the Military Hospital, Rawalpindi. Ultrasound of pelvis showed a right adnexal cystic lesion. On investigation, CA-125 was raised. Her MRI scan of pelvis revealed a right adnexal mass of fluid intensity measuring 15.2 x 12.9 x 9.2 cm. Right ovarian cystectomy was performed and the specimen was sent for histopathological examination. Grossly, the mass was cystic in appearance and measured 13.5 x 10 x 10 cm. On sectioning, it was unilocular and filled with turbid material...
May 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Brahim Bouaity, Youssef Darouassi, Mehdi Chihani, Mohamed Mliha Touati, Haddou Ammar
Thyroid nodules are very common and less than 10% of them are malignant. They pose a serious diagnostic and therapeutic problem with respect to their benign or malignant nature. The study of some clinical and paraclinical factors for presumed malignancy makes it possible to codify appropriate therapeutic strategy. The aim of this study was to investigate predictors of malignancy in nodular goiters and to compare our results with those reported in the literature. This retrospective study consisted of 500 cases of nodular goiter operated in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology (ear, nose and throat or ENT) and Head and Neck Surgery at Avicenne military hospital in Marrakech between 2006 and 2012...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Todd R Fredricks, Jeffrey S Benseler
BACKGROUND: Bicuspid aortic valve disease (BAV) is the most common cardiac valve pathology. BAV is associated with aortic root disorders. The literature has few case reports identifying this condition during routine physical exam. CASE REPORT: A 42-yr-old military reservist flight medic presented for his annual military flight physical. He was found to have a faint cardiac murmur. His past family and medical history were remarkable for familial essential hypertension and being told at age 9 that he had a "murmur...
May 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Javed Anwar, Muhammad Omer Aamir, Sanaullah, Zeeshan ul Hasnain Imdad, Ishrat Parveen, Nasreen Yousaf
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a common disease. Similarly, ultrasound findings of fatty change and renal crystals are commonly seen on ultrasound. In the personal observation of the main author over the past so many years it was noticed that Diabetes Mellitus, Fatty liver and renal crystals all sit well together. This study tries to establish a relationship between diabetes mellitus renal echogenic foci and fatty liver. This study is first of its kind, as nobody has ever before investigated an association between the renal echogenic foci and fatty liver in relation to diabetes mellitus...
October 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Jonathan A N Fisher, Stanley Huang, Meijun Ye, Marjan Nabili, W Bryan Wilent, Victor Krauthamer, Matthew R Myers, Cristin G Welle
Rapid detection and diagnosis of a traumatic brain injury (TBI) can significantly improve the prognosis for recovery. Helmet-mounted sensors that detect impact severity based on measurements of acceleration or pressure show promise for aiding triage and transport decisions in active, field environments such as professional sports or military combat. The detected signals, however, report on the mechanics of an impact rather than directly indicating the presence and severity of an injury. We explored the use of cortical somatosensory evoked electroencephalographic potentials (SSEPs) to detect and track, in real-time, neural electrophysiological abnormalities within the first hour following head injury in an animal model...
September 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Lauren Oliveira, Matthew Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Peripheral intravenous (PIV) access is a common procedure in the emergency department (ED). However, conditions such as obesity and hypovolemia can often make access difficult by the traditional landmark technique. The use of ultrasonography has improved the success of PIV placement in this setting. OBJECTIVES: A novel Ultrasound (US)-Guided PIV Access program was initiated in our ED to train emergency nurses, U.S. Navy corpsmen, and physicians. METHODS: This was an observational study of emergency providers performing US-guided PIV placement...
March 2016: Military Medicine
Ali Mahmoud Mohammed Edris, Imtithal Mohamed Ali, Shaimaa Bushra Bakeit, Mohamed Abashar, Emmanuel Edwar Siddig
BACKGROUND: Liver cytology is indicated and requested for evaluating hepatic masses in symptomatic or serendipitous cryptic discovered lesions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the cytomorphological patterns of hepatic lesions identified among a group of Sudanese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an analytical descriptive hospital-based study included 165 patients undergoing ultrasound-guided fine needle is an aspiration cytology (FNAC)for hepatic lesions, at Al-Amal Military Hospital and Khartoum Teaching Hospital in Khartoum, Sudan...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Ying Li, Nan Liu, Yonghua Huang, Wei Wei, Fei Chen, Weiwei Zhang
BACKGROUND Lacunar infarctions represent 25% of ischemic strokes. Lacunar stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) share a number of symptoms. This study aimed to assess the potential risk factors for lacunar infarction in patients with TIA. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a retrospective study performed at the Beijing Military General Hospital in patients with TIA admitted between March 2010 and December 2011. Patients were grouped according to lacunar vs. no lacunar infarction. All patients were diagnosed using diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
February 11, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Salim Al-Riyami, Yaqoob Al-Sawafi
Esophageal duplication is the second most common site of gastrointestinal duplication and most cases present with complications. These complications include bleeding, infection, dysphagia, and dyspnea. We report an incidental case of a true intramural esophageal duplication cyst in a new military recruit. The patient was diagnosed in Armed Forces Hospital, Oman. The patient came for a pre-recruitment routine check-up, he was found to have a suspicious soft tissue lesion on chest X-ray. He was referred to the thoracic surgeon for further investigations...
November 2015: Oman Medical Journal
Carrie W Hoppes, Aubrey D Sperier, Colleen F Hopkins, Bridgette D Griffiths, Molly F Principe, Barri L Schnall, Johanna C Bell, Shane L Koppenhaver
BACKGROUND: Military personnel and first responders (police and firefighters) often carry large amounts of gear. This increased load can negatively affect posture and lead to back pain. The ability to quantitatively measure muscle thickness under loading would be valuable to clinicians to assess the effectiveness of core stabilization treatment programs and could aid in return to work decisions. Ultrasound imaging (USI) has the potential to provide such a measure, but to be useful it must be reliable...
November 2015: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Igor M Samokhvalov, Viktor A Reva, Nikolai F Fomin, Todd E Rasmussen
The Russian military surgeon Nikolai Korotkov is known worldwide, mainly among internists and cardiovascular specialists, as the discoverer of the auscultatory method of measuring arterial blood pressure in 1905. This article reveals him as one of the first military vascular surgeons to carefully investigate, analyze, and register cases of vascular injury during his voluntarily trips to the Russian Far East in 1900 to 1901 and the Russo-Japanese War of 1904 to 1905. Examining 44 patients with extremity arterial and arterial-venous pseudoaneurysms following war-related injury, he routinely performed a measure termed the "arterial pressure index" using "Korotkov sounds...
February 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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