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Rodrigo Lasa, Eduardo Tadeo, Ricardo A Toledo-Hérnandez, Lino Carmona, Itzel Lima, Trevor Williams
The improvement of trap-lure combinations is an important part of integrated pest management programs that involve monitoring pests for timely insecticide applications, or for their use in control strategies such as mass trapping or bait stations. In this study improvements in the capture of Drosophila suzukii were not observed following the inclusion of different color stimuli with respect to a red-black stripe cup trap. This red-black stripe trap with a hemispherical dome-shaped lid had a significantly improved physical retention of flies compared to traps fitted with a flat lid...
2017: PloS One
Jannik Vollmer, Fernando Casares, Dagmar Iber
The size and shape of organs are characteristic for each species. Even when organisms develop to different sizes due to varying environmental conditions, such as nutrition, organ size follows species-specific rules of proportionality to the rest of the body, a phenomenon referred to as allometry. Therefore, for a given environment, organs stop growth at a predictable size set by the species's genotype. How do organs stop growth? How can related species give rise to organs of strikingly different size? No definitive answer has been given to date...
November 2017: Open Biology
Aydan H Yatmaz, Tetsuaki Kinoshita, Akio Miyazato, Masahiro Takagi, Yoshio Tsujino, Fumiaki Beppu, Naohiro Gotoh
Vinegar is a widely used condiment in the world, and is produced from ethanol by acetic acid fermentation. Different fruits, vegetables, cereals, and wines can be used as ingredients for vinegar production. It is known that vinegar has many nutrient components such as organic acids, polyphenols, and aromatic compounds. Because of these bioactive components, it has many health benefits. China has a long history of producing vinegar and has been using it for health products and as medicine. Chinese aromatic Zhenjiang vinegar (Kozu) is produced from sticky rice...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Jeong-Won Kim, Deokyeol Jeong, Youngsuk Lee, Dongyup Han, Ju-Ock Nam, Won-Young Lee, Dong-Hyuck Hong, Soo Rin Kim, Yu Shin Ha
Elephant garlic (Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum), which belongs to the Alliaceae family along with onion and garlic, has a flavor and shape similar to those of normal garlic, but is not true garlic. Additionally, its properties are largely unknown, and its processing and product development have not been reported. In this study, we focused on using elephant garlic to produce a new type of vinegar, for which the market is rapidly growing because of its health benefits. First, we evaluated the effects of elephant garlic addition on acetic acid fermentation of rice wine by Acetobacter pasteurianus...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Sofia Lalou, Maria Ferentidou, Fani Th Mantzouridou, Maria Z Tsimidou
Taguchi design was used to examine the effect of parameters that should be optimized in order to control the alcoholic fermentation of the concentrated grape must (CGM) from cv. Xinomavro using the best-performing indigenous Hanseniaspora uvarum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains as multistarters. The "optimum" combination of conditions (cell ratio of H. uvarum/S. cerevisiae; inoculum size and inoculation time of S. cerevisiae; fermentation time and temperature) resulted in an alcoholic product that meets ethanol (79 g/kg) and residual sugar (164 g/kg) content requirements for further use in the production of balsamic type vinegar...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Rakhi Panda, Marc Boyer, Eric A E Garber
A novel competitive ELISA was developed utilizing the G12, R5, 2D4, MIoBS, and Skerritt antibody-HRP conjugates employed in nine commercial ELISA test kits that are routinely used for gluten detection. This novel multiplex competitive ELISA simultaneously measures gliadin-, deamidated gliadin-, and glutenin-specific epitopes. The assay was used to evaluate 20 wheat beers, 20 barley beers, 6 barley beers processed to reduce gluten, 15 soy sauces, 6 teriyaki sauces, 6 Worcestershire sauces, 6 vinegars, and 8 sourdough breads...
November 7, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Betul Ozen, Muruvvet Baser
A 32-y-old married woman was admitted with intense vaginal discharge with foul odor, itching, groin pain, and infertility for the past 5 y. Candida albicans was isolated from the culture of vaginal swab. The patient was diagnosed with chronic vaginal candida infection. She failed to respond to integrative medicine methods prescribed. Recovery was achieved with the application of apple cider vinegar. Alternative treatment methods can be employed in patients unresponsive to medical therapies. As being one of these methods, application of apple cider vinegar can cure vaginal candida infection...
November 7, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Hannah M Singer, Laura E Levin, Maria C Garzon, Christine T Lauren, Paul J Planet, Nicole W Kittler, Susan Whittier, Kimberly D Morel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Many patients with epidermolysis bullosa (EB) require intensive daily wound care and individualized treatment plans. Understanding patient's home skin care routines and emerging antibiotic resistance patterns in EB wounds is necessary to optimize treatment recommendations. The objective was to identify patterns of antimicrobial resistance in EB wounds and characterize patient's home practices of skin care and bathing. METHODS: This was an observational study of 23 children with EB at an outpatient pediatric dermatology practice in New York City from 2012 to 2014...
November 6, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
Ben Hmad Halima, Gara Sonia, Khlifi Sarra, Ben Jemaa Houda, Ben Slama Fethi, Aouidet Abdallah
Metabolic syndrome is a serious consequence of obesity characterized by increased cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and glucose intolerance. While diets enriched with natural antioxidants showed beneficial effects on oxidative stress, blood pressure, and serum lipid composition, diet supplementation with synthetic antioxidants showed contradictive results. Thus, we tested, in this study, whether a daily dosage of Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) would affect cardiovascular risk factor associated with obesity in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hyperlipidemic Wistar rats...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
W Boumya, F Laghrib, S Lahrich, A Farahi, M Achak, M Bakasse, M A El Mhammedi
A simple, selective and sensitive electrochemical method is described for the determination of different aldehydes at glassy carbon electrode using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The measurements were performed after their derivatization with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) in acidic medium. The impedance measurements were investigated in the frequency range from 100 mHz to 100 kHz at a potential of 1.0 V versus Ag/AgCl. The Nyquist plots were modeled with a Randle's equivalent circuit. The charge transfer resistance was identified as the dependent parameter on relevant concentration of aldehydes (determined as their hydrazones)...
October 2017: Heliyon
Nurul Elyani Mohamad, Swee Keong Yeap, Huynh Ky, Wan Yong Ho, Sook Yee Boo, Joelle Chua, Boon-Kee Beh, Shaiful Adzni Sharifuddin, Kamariah Long, Noorjahan Banu Alitheen
Obesity has become a serious health problem worldwide. Various types of healthy food, including vinegar, have been proposed to manage obesity. However, different types of vinegar may have different bioactivities. This study was performed to evaluate the anti-obesity and anti-inflammatory effects of coconut water vinegar on high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. Changes in the gut microbiota of the mice were also evaluated. To induce obesity, C57/BL mice were continuously fed an HFD for 33 weeks. Coconut water vinegar (0...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
Veit Grabe, Silke Sachse
Sensory coding represents a basic principle of all phyla in nature: species attempt to perceive their natural surroundings and to make sense of them. Ultimately, sensory coding is the only way to allow a species to make the kinds of crucial decisions that lead to a behavioral response. In this manner, animals are able to detect numerous parameters, ranging from temperature and humidity to light and sound to volatile or non-volatile chemicals. Most of these environmental cues represent a clearly defined stimulus array that can be described along a single physical parameter, such as wavelength or frequency; odorants, in contrast, cannot...
October 17, 2017: Bio Systems
Elissa S Ballman, Judith A Collins, Francis A Drummond
Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura; Diptera: Drosophilidae) is an invasive vinegar fly and pest of soft fruits in North America, including wild blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton) in Maine. Despite its presence in the continental United States for 9 yr, little is known about its natural enemy complex. Here we report the results of a 3-yr study designed to identify naturally-occurring predators in Maine's wild blueberry fields. Experiments were conducted to determine pupation site and pupation depth to understand D...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
Hülya Turan, Demet Kocatepe, İrfan Keskin, Can Okan Altan, Bayram Köstekli, Canan Candan, Asuman Ceylan
This study was carried out to evaluate the lipid oxidation and sensory attributes of anchovy marinated with 10% NaCl+4% alcohol vinegar+0.2% citric acid solution and 0.1% different essential oils. Group A Control: only sunflower seed oil, Group B: sunflower seed oil+0.1% rosemary oil, Group C: sunflower seed oil+0.1% coriander oil, Group D: sunflower seed oil+0.1% laurel oil and Group E: sunflower seed oil+0.1% garlic oil. During storage, lipid oxidation as indicated by the 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs) values of the control group were significantly higher than the other groups containing essential oils...
September 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Chen Xiao, Zhen-Ming Lu, Xiao-Juan Zhang, Song-Tao Wang, Ling Ao, Cai-Hong Shen, Jin-Song Shi, Zheng-Hong Xu
Daqu is a saccharifying and fermentative agent commonly used in the traditional solid-state fermentation industry (e.g., Baijiu and vinegar). The pattern of microbial community succession and flavor formation were highly similar among batches, yet the mechanisms promoting temporal succession in the Daqu microbial ecology remain unclear. Here, we firstly correlated temporal profiles of microbial community succession with environmental variables (temperature, moisture, and titratable acidity) in medium temperature-Daqu (MT-Daqu) through fermentation...
September 29, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Prabal Sharma, Sandeep Garg, Nidhi Mangtani Kalra
INTRODUCTION: Denture cleansing is essential for maintaining the prosthesis and oral health, so choosing an appropriate cleanser which is not only efficient but also not adversely affects the properties of denture base resin itself with prolonged use is important. Hence, the present study was undertaken. AIM: To evaluate the effect of different chemical cleansers on surface roughness and flexural strength of heat cure denture base resin when used daily for three months...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Steven Van Timmeren, Logan Horejsi, Shadi Larson, Katherine Spink, Philip Fanning, Rufus Isaacs
Spotted wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae), is an invasive vinegar fly that has become a primary direct pest of berry crops worldwide. We conducted 2 yr of behavioral studies in blueberry plantings to determine how fly activity varied throughout the day. Observations of diurnal activity of adult D. suzukii found the greatest activity in the morning hours between 0600 and 0800 hours, when the majority of flies were on the berries. Flies were also active in the evening mainly between 1800 and 2000 hours; however, this trend was more prominent in 2015, which had cooler and more humid evenings...
October 1, 2017: Environmental Entomology
Xuefeng Wu, Hongli Yao, Xinmin Cao, Qing Liu, Lili Cao, Dongdong Mu, Shuizhong Luo, Zhi Zheng, Shaotong Jiang, Xingjiang Li
Acetobacter pasteurianus JST-S was screened from solid fermented grains of vinegar in China, identified by molecular analysis, and used for the production of purple sweet potato vinegar using purple sweet potato as the substrate. By orthogonal experiment, maximum total acid concentration (4.26% [v/v]) was achieved under optimized conditions as follows: fermentation time, 3.5 days; ethanol content, 9% v/v; and inoculum size, 8% v/v. During the production of purple potato vinegar, the anthocyanin concentration decreased from 652...
October 2017: 3 Biotech
Hao Zheng, Cuizhu Sun, Xiaodong Hou, Miao Wu, Yuan Yao, Fengmin Li
Harmful algal blooms (HABs) have become global environmental issues, and the demand for alternative algaecides is urgent. Pyrolytic vinegars (PVs) were pyrolyzed from giant reed at 300-600°C to investigate the underlying mechanisms of their inhibitory effect on the red tide dinoflagellate Karenia brevis by sub-chronic toxicity experiments. The major components of PVs were acetic acid, phenols, aldehyde, ketone, and esters. The 96h median effective concentration (96h-EC50) values of PVs were 0.65-1.08mLL(-1), and PV300 showed the strongest inhibitory effect...
September 8, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Steven Kelly, Deede Liu, Tang Wang, Anand Rajpara, Catherine Franano, Daniel Aires
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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