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Bag in box

Daniel F Craft, Stephen F Kry, Peter Balter, Mohammad Salehpour, Wendy Woodward, Rebecca M Howell
PURPOSE: Using 3D printing to fabricate patient-specific devices such as tissue compensators, boluses, and phantoms is inexpensive and relatively simple. However, most 3D printing materials have not been well characterized, including their radiologic tissue-equivalence. The purposes of this study were to (1) determine the variance in Hounsfield Units (HU) for printed objects, (2) determine if HU varies over time, and (3) calculate the clinical dose uncertainty caused by these material variations...
March 1, 2018: Medical Physics
Y Li, Y P Dong, D Zhang, F Q Li
Objective: Laboratory-based characterization and traceability were performed on an outbreak of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) happened in a maternal and child health care hospital in China. Methods: Thirty-seven samples were collected from 3 NEC cases, that the clinical manifestations was bloody stools. Clostridium spp . isolation and identification were carried out on stool, breast milk, milk-based infant powder and environmental swab samples collected during NEC outbreak from October to November in 2016...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Michelle Qiu Carter, Doris Feng, Mary H Chapman, Franka Gabler
We examined the survival of Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Salmonella enterica Thompson inoculated on commercially packed table grapes under simulated refrigerated transit conditions (1.1 ± 0.5 °C; 90% RH). Grapes were placed in perforated polyethylene cluster bags, within a commercial expanded polystyrene box equipped with either a SO2-generating pad; a perforated polyethylene box liner; a SO2-generating pad and a box liner; or none of them. L. monocytogenes was most sensitive to SO2-generating pad...
June 2018: Food Microbiology
N Moreira, P Lopes, H Ferreira, M Cabral, P Guedes de Pinho
The aim of this work was to study the effect of different configurations of packaging on the volatile composition and sensory properties of a white wine. Certain oenological parameters were also evaluated. Bag-in-box (BIB) and glass bottles sealed with two different cork stoppers, natural and Neutrocork (technical), were used in the experiments. Analysis were carried out before packaging and after 3, 6 and 12 months of storage. Results showed that wines packaged in BIB presented higher levels of brown color than wines in bottles sealed with corks...
January 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Emily A Pleasance, William L Kerr, Ronald B Pegg, Ruthann B Swanson, Anna N Cheely, Guangwei Huang, Daniel R Parrish, Adrian L Kerrihard
Raw almonds are a major commodity, yet much is unknown about how storage conditions determine their shelf life. The storage stability, as measured by consumer assessments and chemical measures, of raw almonds was determined for samples stored in cardboard boxes and polypropylene packaging for 2 years at 4, 15, 25, and 35 °C, and at 50% and 65% relative humidity (RH). Samples stored in unlined cartons always failed (>25% rejection) before their counterparts stored in polypropylene bags under identical environmental conditions...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Papri Sarkar, Emad Mikhail, Lenox Hoyte, Shayne Plosker, Anthony Imudia
Laparoscopic minimally invasive gynecologic surgery (MIGS) for benign conditions results in decreased morbidity, and faster recovery, compared with laparotomy. Tissue fragmentation by electromechanical morcellation permits the removal of large specimens through small laparoscopic incisions. Since the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published its safety warning about the risk of power morcellators spreading cancer during fibroid surgery in 2014, power morcellation has become rare. MIGS for fibroids and other large tissue specimens has declined...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
Yuki Morishita, Seiichi Yamamoto, Takumaro Momose, Junichi H Kaneko, Norio Nemoto
Plutonium dioxide (PuO2) is used to fabricate a mixed oxide fuel for fast breeder reactors. When a glove box containing PuO2 fails, such as by rupture of a glove or a vinyl bag, airborne contamination of plutonium (Pu) can occur. If a worker inhales PuO2 particles, they will be continually irradiating their lung tissue with alpha particles, and this could cause lung cancer. The nasal smear and nose blow methods are useful for checking workers for PuO2 intake in the field. However, neither method can evaluate the quantitative activity of Pu...
September 8, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Erpeng Zhang, Fengmei Chai, Haohao Zhang, Shaohua Li, Zhenchang Liang, Peige Fan
Terpenes are important aroma compounds in table Muscat grape and wine, and their content in the berry can be affected by sunlight. The effects of sunlight exclusion on monoterpene profiles and relevant gene expression profiles in the exocarp and mesocarp of table Muscat grape 'Jingxiangyu' at different development stages were thoroughly surveyed by bagging pre-veraison clusters in special opaque boxes. The responses of monoterpenes to sunlight treatments varied in three types, representatively linalool, ocimene and geraniol...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Quim Tarrés, Neus Pellicer, Ana Balea, Noemi Merayo, Carlos Negro, Angeles Blanco, Marc Delgado-Aguilar, Pere Mutjé
In the present work, lignocellulosic micro/nanofibers (LCMNF) were produced from pine sawdust. For that, pine sawdust was submitted to alkali treatment and subsequent bleaching stages, tailoring its chemical composition with the purpose of obtaining effective LCMNF. The obtained LCMNF were characterized and incorporated to recycled cardboard boxes with the purpose of producing recycled paper. The obtained results showed that it was possible to obtain LCMNF with the same reinforcing potential than those cellulose nanofibers (CNF) prepared by oxidative or other chemical methods In fact, the obtained papers increased the breaking length of recycled cardboard from 3338m to 5347m, being a value significantly higher than the requirements to produce paper bags...
December 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
N Dorival-García, J Bones
A method for the identification of leachables in chemically defined media for CHO cell culture using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) and UHPLC-MS is described. A Box-Behnken design of experiments (DoE) approach was applied to obtain the optimum extraction conditions of the target analytes. Performance of DLLME as extraction technique was studied by comparison of two commercial chemically defined media for CHO cell culture. General extraction conditions for any group of leachables, regardless of their specific chemical functionalities can be applied and similar optimum conditions were obtained with the two media...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Lei Liu, Shaofei Kong, Yinxiao Zhang, Yuanyuan Wang, Liang Xu, Qin Yan, A P Lingaswamy, Zongbo Shi, Senlin Lv, Hongya Niu, Longyi Shao, Min Hu, Daizhou Zhang, Jianmin Chen, Xiaoye Zhang, Weijun Li
Morphology, composition, and mixing state of individual particles emitted from crop residue, wood, and solid waste combustion in a residential stove were analyzed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Our study showed that particles from crop residue and apple wood combustion were mainly organic matter (OM) in smoldering phase, whereas soot-OM internally mixed with K in flaming phase. Wild grass combustion in flaming phase released some Cl-rich-OM/soot particles and cardboard combustion released OM and S-rich particles...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Agnieszka Bus, Agnieszka Karczmarczyk
The research investigated the implementation of suspended reactive filters to support the phosphorus (P) removal efficiency of constructed wetlands (CWs). The reactive material (RM) used in this study was autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC). The laboratory experiment consists of four plastic boxes filled with the volume of 10 L of artificial P solution with three variants of RM mass to volume ratio: 1:1 (g:L), 5:1 (g:L), 10:1 (g:L), and the blind probe 0:1 (g:L) as a reference. AAC of different weights (10, 50 and 100 g) was wrapped in a filter bag, put into boxes, and suspended...
June 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Christopher James Vincent, Ann Blandford
Syringe drivers are medical devices that are critical for end of life care. They deliver continuous medication over extended periods of time. Their design contributes to the quality of experience for both patients and healthcare professionals. Little research has been published about the factors that influence the usability of this type of equipment for frontline users (i.e. those in direct contact with patients) and how equipment gets introduced. Understanding how syringe drivers are used in practice can help improve the design of equipment...
September 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Christian Schyma, Kristina Bauer, Julia Brünig
After contact shots to the head biological traces can be found inside firearm barrels. So far silicone coated, gelatin filled box models were used to generate such staining according to the triple contrast method (mixture of acrylic paint, barium sulfate and blood sealed in a thin foil bag). This study was conducted to develop a transparent ballistic model allowing contact shots. Gelatin filled polyethylene bottles with and without a silicone coat were tested in comparison to non-covered gelatin blocks. Finally, thin foil bags of 5 cm × 5 cm dimension were glued on a synthetic absorbent kitchen wipe on top of which 1 L 10% gelatin solution was molded to create blocks of 8...
June 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Maria Angélica Randoli de Almeida, Ana Maria Miranda Martins Wilson, Maria Angélica Sorgini Peterlini
OBJECTIVE: To verify the disposal of pharmaceutical waste performed in pediatric units. METHOD: A descriptive and observational study conducted in a university hospital. The convenience sample consisted of pharmaceuticals discarded during the study period. Handling and disposal during preparation and administration were observed. Data collection took place at pre-established times and was performed using a pre-validated instrument. RESULTS: 356 drugs disposals were identified (35...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Maziah Mat Rosly, Hadi Mat Rosly, Nazirah Hasnan, Glen M Davis, Ruby Husain
BACKGROUND: Current strategies for increased physical activity and exercise in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) face many challenges with regards to maintaining their continuity of participation. Barriers cited often include problems with accessing facilities, mundane, monotonous or boring exercises and expensive equipment that is often not adapted for wheelchair users. AIM: To compare the physiological responses and user preferences between conventional heavy bag boxing against a novel form of video game boxing, known as exergaming boxing...
January 13, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
H Kaur, S Kumar, B Sarkar, T Ganesh, U Giri, K Jassal, S Rathinamuthu, G Gulia, V Gopal, B Mohanti, A Munshi
PURPOSE: This study was performed to analyze the agreement between optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) nanoDots measured doses and 0.6 cc Farmer type ionization chamber measured doses during total body irradiation (TBI). METHODS: In-vivo dose measurements using OSL nanoDots and Farmer chamber were done in a total of twelve patients who received TBI at our center by bilateral parallel-opposed beams technique. In this technique, the patient is kept inside the TBI box which is filled with rice bags and irradiated using two bilateral parallel opposed beams of 40×40 cm(2) size with 45° collimator rotation at an SSD of 333...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Vincenzo Della Mea, Omar Quattrin, Maria Parpinel
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical inactivity are the most important risk factors for chronic diseases. The present study aimed at (i) developing and testing a method for classifying household activities based on a smartphone accelerometer; (ii) evaluating the influence of smartphone position; and (iii) evaluating the acceptability of wearing a smartphone for activity recognition. METHODS: An Android application was developed to record accelerometer data and calculate descriptive features on 5-second time blocks, then classified with nine algorithms...
December 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Katharina Frentzel, Harun Badakhshi
PURPOSE: To prevent a fatal transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease, it is recommended to irradiate transfusion blood and blood components with ionizing radiation. Using x-rays from a linear accelerator of the radiotherapy department is an accepted alternative to gamma irradiation devices of the blood bank and to the orthovoltage units that are replacing the gamma irradiators today. However, the use of high energy x-rays may carry a potential risk of induced radioactivity. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of two different energy levels, 6 and 18 MV, which are executed in routine clinical settings...
December 2016: Medical Physics
Lei Wang, Peder C Pedersen, Emmanuel Agu, Diane M Strong, Bengisu Tulu
The standard chronic wound assessment method based on visual examination is potentially inaccurate and also represents a significant clinical workload. Hence, computer-based systems providing quantitative wound assessment may be valuable for accurately monitoring wound healing status, with the wound area the best suited for automated analysis. Here, we present a novel approach, using support vector machines (SVM) to determine the wound boundaries on foot ulcer images captured with an image capture box, which provides controlled lighting and range...
September 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
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