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Quality assurance on medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145581/prospective-epidemiological-research-studies-in-iran-the-persian-cohort-rationale-objectives-and-design
#1
Hossein Poustchi, Sareh Eghtesad, Farin Kamangar, Arash Etemadi, Abbas-Ali Keshtkar, Azita Hekmatdoost, Zahra Mohammadi, Zahra Mahmoudi, Amaneh Shayanrad, Farzin Roozafzai, Mahdi Sheikh, Alireza Jalaeikhoo, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei, Farid Najafi, Ehsan Bahramali, Amirhoushang Mehrparvar, Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam, Ahmad Ali Enayati, Ali Esmaeili Nadimi, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Nader Saki, Fatemeh Alipour, Roya Kelishadi, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Nayyereh Aminisani, Paolo Boffetta, Reza Malekzadeh
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) account for 76% of deaths in Iran and this number is on the rise, parallel to global rates. Many risk factors associated with NCDs are preventable; however it is first necessary to conduct observational studies to identify relevant risk factors, and the most appropriate approach to control them. Iran is a multi-ethnic country, therefore the Ministry of Health and Medical Education sought to launch a nationwide cohort study-the Prospective Epidemiological Research Studies in IrAN (PERSIAN)-in order to identify the most prevalent NCDs among Iranian ethnicities, and to investigate effective methods of prevention...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089779/online-continuing-medical-education-as-a-key-link-for-successful-noncommunicable-disease-self-management-the-casalud%C3%A2-model
#2
Héctor Gallardo-Rincón, Rodrigo Saucedo-Martínez, Ricardo Mujica-Rosales, Evan M Lee, Amy Israel, Braulio Torres-Beltran, Úrsula Quijano-González, Elena Rose Atkinson, Pablo Kuri-Morales, Roberto Tapia-Conyer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate how the benefits of online continuing medical education (CME) provided to health care professionals traveled along a patient "educational chain". In this study, the educational chain begins with the influence that CME can have on the quality of health care, with subsequent influence on patient knowledge, disease self-management, and disease biomarkers. METHODS: A total of 422 patients with at least one noncommunicable disease (NCD) treated in eight different Mexican public health clinics were followed over 3 years...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075216/smartphone-applications-for-educating-and-helping-non-motivating-patients-adhere-to-medication-that-treats-mental-health-conditions-aims-and-functioning
#3
Angelos P Kassianos, Giorgos Georgiou, Electra P Papaconstantinou, Angeliki Detzortzi, Rob Horne
Background: Patients prescribed with medication that treats mental health conditions benefit the most compared to those prescribed with other types of medication. However, they are also the most difficult to adhere. The development of mobile health (mHealth) applications ("apps") to help patients monitor their adherence is fast growing but with limited evidence on their efficacy. There is no evidence on the content of these apps for patients taking psychotropic medication. The aim of this study is to identify and evaluate the aims and functioning of available apps that are aiming to help and educate patients to adhere to medication that treats mental health conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068814/the-glocalization-of-medical-school-accreditation-case-studies-from-taiwan-south-korea-and-japan
#4
Ming-Jung Ho, Joan Abbas, Ducksun Ahn, Chi-Wan Lai, Nobuo Nara, Kevin Shaw
PURPOSE: In an age of globalized medical education, medical school accreditation has been hailed as an approach to external quality assurance. However, accreditation standards can vary widely across national contexts. To achieve recognition by the World Federation for Medical Education (WFME), national accrediting bodies must develop standards suitable for both local contexts and international recognition. This study framed this issue in terms of "glocalization" and aimed to shine light on this complicated multistakeholder process by exploring accreditation in Taiwan, South Korea, and Japan...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971078/the-effect-of-medical-recording-training-on-quantity-and-quality-of-recording-in-gynecology-residents-of-tabriz-university-of-medical-sciences
#5
Manizheh Sayyah-Melli, Malahat Nikravan Mofrad, Abolghasem Amini, Zakieh Piri, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Vahideh Rahmani
Introduction: Medical records contain valuable information about a patient's medical history and treatment. Patient safety is one of the most important dimensions of health care quality assurance and performance improvement. Completing the process of documentation is necessary to continue patient care and continuous quality improvement of basic services. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of medical recording education on the quantity and quality of recording in gynecology residents of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences...
September 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970430/the-implementation-of-pharmacy-competence-teaching-in-estonia
#6
Daisy Volmer, Kristiina Sepp, Peep Veski, Ain Raal
Background: The PHAR-QA, "Quality Assurance in European Pharmacy Education and Training", project has produced the European Pharmacy Competence Framework (EPCF). The aim of this study was to evaluate the existing pharmacy programme at the University of Tartu, using the EPCF. Methods: A qualitative assessment of the pharmacy programme by a convenience sample (n = 14) representing different pharmacy stakeholders in Estonia. EPCF competency levels were determined by using a five-point scale tool adopted from the Dutch competency standards framework...
March 31, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914990/simulating-the-multi-disciplinary-care-team-approach-enhancing-student-understanding-of-anatomy-through-an-ultrasound-anchored-interprofessional-session
#7
Marianne T Luetmer, Beth A Cloud, James W Youdas, Wojciech Pawlina, Nirusha Lachman
Quality of healthcare delivery is dependent on collaboration between professional disciplines. Integrating opportunities for interprofessional learning in health science education programs prepares future clinicians to function as effective members of a multi-disciplinary care team. This study aimed to create a modified team-based learning (TBL) environment utilizing ultrasound technology during an interprofessional learning activity to enhance musculoskeletal anatomy knowledge of first year medical (MD) and physical therapy (PT) students...
September 15, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855780/the-2017-international-joint-working-group-white-paper-by-indusem-the-emergency-medicine-association-and-the-academic-college-of-emergency-experts-on-establishing-standardized-regulations-operational-mechanisms-and-accreditation-pathways-for-education-and-care
#8
Veronica Sikka, V Gautam, Sagar Galwankar, Randeep Guleria, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Lorenzo Paladino, Vivek Chauhan, Geetha Menon, Vijay Shah, R P Srivastava, B K Rana, Bipin Batra, O P Kalra, P Aggarwal, Sanjeev Bhoi, S Vimal Krishnan
The government of India has done remarkable work on commissioning a government funded prehospital emergency ambulance service in India. This has both public health implications and an economic impact on the nation. With the establishment of these services, there is an acute need for standardization of education and quality assurance regarding prehospital care provided. The International Joint Working Group has been actively involved in designing guidelines and establishing a comprehensive framework for ensuring high-quality education and clinical standards of care for prehospital services in India...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837507/intestinal-rehabilitation-programs-in-the-management-of-pediatric-intestinal-failure-and-short-bowel-syndrome
#9
Russell J Merritt, Valeria Cohran, Bram P Raphael, Timothy Sentongo, Diana Volpert, Brad W Warner, Praveen S Goday
Intestinal failure is a rare, debilitating condition that presents both acute and chronic medical management challenges. The condition is incompatible with life in the absence of the safe application of specialized and individualized medical therapy that includes surgery, medical equipment, nutritional products, and standard nursing care. Intestinal rehabilitation programs are best suited to provide such complex care with the goal of achieving enteral autonomy and oral feeding with or without intestinal transplantation...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827263/effect-of-national-implementation-of-utstein-recommendation-from-the-global-resuscitation-alliance-on-ten-steps-to-improve-outcomes-from-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-ten-year-observational-study-in-korea
#10
Young Taek Kim, Sang Do Shin, Sung Ok Hong, Ki Ok Ahn, Young Sun Ro, Kyoung Jun Song, Ki Jeong Hong
OBJECTIVES: The Utstein ten-step implementation strategy (UTIS) proposed by the Global Resuscitation Alliance, a bundle of community cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) programs to improve outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs), has been developed. However, it is not documented whether UTIS programs are associated with better outcomes or not. The study aimed to test the association between the UTIS programme and better outcomes after OHCA. METHODS: The study was a before- and after-intervention study...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815203/transition-to-subspecialty-sign-out-at-an-academic-institution-and-its-advantages
#11
Joanna L Conant, Pamela C Gibson, Janice Bunn, Abiy B Ambaye
Many pathology departments are introducing subspecialty sign-out in surgical pathology. In 2014, the University of Vermont Medical Center transitioned from general sign-out to partial subspecialty sign-out to include gastrointestinal and breast/cervix subspecialty benches; other specimens remained on general benches. Our experiences with the transition are described, including attending pathologist, trainee, support staff, and clinician satisfaction. A survey was e-mailed to all University of Vermont Medical Center anatomic pathology attendings, pathology trainees, pathologist assistants and grossing technicians, and clinicians who send surgical pathology specimens, immediately before and 1 year after transitioning to partial subspecialty sign-out...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801485/identifying-discordance-between-senior-physicians-and-trainees-on-the-root-cause-of-ed-revisits
#12
Michael P Goldman, Michael C Monuteaux, Catherine Perron, Richard G Bachur
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of 72-hour ED revisits is a common emergency medicine quality assurance (QA) practice. Our aim was to compare the perceived root cause for 72-hour ED revisits between senior physicians (attendings) and trainees. We proposed that discordance in perception of why the revisit occurred would guide improvements in 72-hour revisits QA and elucidate innovative educational opportunities. METHODS: Questionnaire-based observational study conducted in an urban academic paediatric ED...
August 11, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763740/what-european-gynaecologists-need-to-master-consensus-on-medical-expertise-outcomes-of-pan-european-postgraduate-training-in-obstetrics-gynaecology
#13
Jessica E van der Aa, Annalisa Tancredi, Angelique J Goverde, Petr Velebil, Jaroslav Feyereisl, Chiara Benedetto, Pim W Teunissen, Fedde Scheele
OBJECTIVE: European harmonisation of training standards in postgraduate medical education in Obstetrics and Gynaecology is needed because of the increasing mobility of medical specialists. Harmonisation of training will provide quality assurance of training and promote high quality care throughout Europe. Pan-European training standards should describe medical expertise outcomes that are required from the European gynaecologist. This paper reports on consensus development on the medical expertise outcomes of pan-European training in Obstetrics and Gynaecology...
July 22, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760684/bericht-aus-der-praxis-practice-report-how-to-successfully-establish-pal-in-medical-education-10-tips-to-succeed-in-pal-based-courses-in-undergraduate-medical-education-ugme
#14
Matthias Hofer, Kathrin Klein, Bastian Malzkorn, Alice Martin, Christian Weigel, Ole Martin
This article aims to provide useful suggestions for the implementation of new courses with peer-assisted learning (PAL) in undergraduate medical education (UGME). It presents 10 key tips for needs assessment, clarification of goals and objectives for internal marketing, the choice of teaching formats, fund raising, recruiting of educators, qualification of peer tutors, the fun factor, how to establish a structured and longitudinal curriculum, assessment methods and motivation, collecting feedback and the use of its results...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758233/exploring-examinee-behaviours-as-validity-evidence-for-multiple-choice-question-examinations
#15
Luke T Surry, Dario Torre, Steven J Durning
CONTEXT: Clinical-vignette multiple choice question (MCQ) examinations are used widely in medical education. Standardised MCQ examinations are used by licensure and certification bodies to award credentials that are meant to assure stakeholders as to the quality of physicians. Such uses are based on the interpretation of MCQ examination performance as giving meaningful information about the quality of clinical reasoning. There are several assumptions foundational to these interpretations and uses of standardised MCQ examinations...
July 31, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752179/-clinical-autopsies-in-switzerland-a-status-report
#16
REVIEW
A-K Rodewald, P Bode, G Cathomas, H Moch
BACKGROUND: The number of autopsies has been steadily declining worldwide over the past decades. The reasons for this are diverse. Legislation regarding opposition and consent rules does not appear to have had a significant impact on the autopsy rates. Above all, structural causes and the attitude of the medical profession are the reasons for this decline. The main argument for a high autopsy rate is the identification of diagnostic errors; however, diagnostic discrepancies are relatively independent of the rate of autopsies performed...
September 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736862/quality-management-of-ultrasound-surveillance-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-under-the-korean-national-cancer-screening-program
#17
Moon Hyung Choi, Seung Eun Jung, Joon-Il Choi, Woo Kyoung Jeong, Hyun Cheol Kim, Yongsoo Kim, Yeol Kim, Boyoung Park
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of ultrasound (US) examinations for hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance under the Korean National Cancer Screening Program and to assess knowledge and experience about liver US of physicians who perform US examinations. METHODS: The investigation about the quality of liver US for hepatocellular carcinoma screening was based on the results of a nationwide quality assurance (QA) evaluation between 2012 and 2014 at all medical institutions participating in the National Cancer Screening Program...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732543/the-implementation-of-a-quality-system-in-the-dutch-gp-specialty-training-barriers-and-facilitators-a-qualitative-study
#18
Nienke Buwalda, Jozé Braspenning, Sanne van Roosmalen, Nynke van Dijk, Mechteld Visser
BACKGROUND: Quality assurance programs in medical education are introduced to gain insight into the quality of such programs and to trigger improvements. Although of utmost importance, research on the implementation of such programs is scarce. The Dutch General Practice (GP) specialty training institutes used an implementation strategy to implement a quality system (QS), and we aimed to study the success of this strategy and to learn about additional facilitators and barriers. METHODS: Seventeen structured interviews were conducted with the directors and quality coordinators (QCs) of the eight Dutch GP training institutes...
July 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732486/the-development-of-a-collective-quality-system-challenges-and-lessons-learned-a-qualitative-study
#19
EDITORIAL
Nienke Buwalda, Jozé Braspenning, Nynke van Dijk, Mechteld Visser
BACKGROUND: The ongoing professionalization of medical education means that quality systems (QSs) aimed at improving medical education also continuously have to improve. The aim of this paper is to describe the development of a collective QS for eight Dutch General Practitioner (GP) specialty training institutes to provide insights into the considerations that are involved in developing a QS in medical education. METHODS: Experts in the field of GP education and quality assurance developed the QS...
July 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726804/diagnostic-cytogenetic-testing-following-positive-noninvasive-prenatal-screening-results-a-clinical-laboratory-practice-resource-of-the-american-college-of-medical-genetics-and-genomics-acmg
#20
Athena M Cherry, Yassmine M Akkari, Kimberly M Barr, Hutton M Kearney, Nancy C Rose, Sarah T South, James H Tepperberg, Jeanne M Meck
Disclaimer: ACMG Clinical Laboratory Practice Resources are developed primarily as an educational tool for clinical laboratory geneticists to help them provide quality clinical laboratory genetic services. Adherence to these practice resources is voluntary and does not necessarily assure a successful medical outcome. This Clinical Laboratory Practice Resource should not be considered inclusive of all proper procedures and tests or exclusive of other procedures and tests that are reasonably directed to obtaining the same results...
August 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
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