keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dilated Aorta

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820561/quadricuspid-aortic-valve-associated-with-aortic-regurgitation-mitral-regurgitation-and-aortic-dilatation
#1
Serkan Sivri, Serdal Bastug, Murat Can Guney, Yakup Alsancak, Elcin Ozdemir, Engin Bozkurt
The quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is a very uncommon congenital malformation with an estimated incidence of 0.003% to 0.043% of all congenital heart diseases. Combinations of QAV with several different congenital malformations have been described. The case is reported of a type A QAV associated with moderate aortic regurgitation, mild mitral regurgitation, and ascending aorta dilatation. This interesting case was referred for close follow up.
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819571/incidental-finding-of-an-undiagnosed-coarctation-of-the-aorta-causing-dilated-cardiomyopathy-in-an-adult
#2
Abdalla Ibrahim, Zahir Satti, Ronan Curtin
31-year-old male with no past medical history apart from high blood pressure noted by GP one week prior to admission presented with a three-week history of a flu-like illness and symptoms of heart failure with severe global left ventricular dilation and dysfunction on Transthoracic Echocardiography (TTE). Two weeks following admission he complained of left arm pain and CT upper limb confirmed embolic occlusion of the left brachial artery and incidental severe coarctation of the proximal descending aorta after the origin of the left subclavian artery...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808903/clinical-outcomes-of-aortic-repair-in-young-adult-patients-with-acta2-mutations
#3
Yoshimasa Seike, Kenji Minatoya, Hiroaki Sasaki, Hiroshi Tanaka, Tatsuya Itonaga, Yosuke Inoue, Hiroko Morisaki, Takayuki Morisaki, Hatsue Ishibashi-Ueda, Junjiro Kobayashi
OBJECTIVES: Actin, alpha-2, smooth muscle, aorta (ACTA2) mutations are one of the major causes of familial thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections. The aim of this study was to review our clinical results of young adult patients with aortic disease caused by ACTA2 mutations. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 251 patients (<50 years old) who underwent surgery for thoracic aortic diseases between 2004 and 2014. Among them, nine patients (3.5%) had ACTA2 mutations...
August 14, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807406/longitudinal-changes-in-segmental-aortic-stiffness-determined-by-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-in-children-and-young-adults-with-connective-tissue-disorders-the-marfan-loeys-dietz-and-ehlers-danlos-syndromes-and-nonspecific-connective-tissue-disorders
#4
Anthony Merlocco, Ronald V Lacro, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Nicole Rabideau, Michael N Singh, Ashwin Prakash
Aortic stiffness measured by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in connective tissue disorder (CTD) patients has been previously shown to be abnormal and to be associated with adverse aortic outcomes. The rate of increase in aortic stiffness with normal aging has been previously described. However, longitudinal changes in aortic stiffness have not been characterized in CTD patients. We examined longitudinal changes in CMR-derived aortic stiffness in children and young adults with CTDs. A retrospective analysis of 50 children and young adults (median age, 20 years; range, 0...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805011/bicuspid-and-unicuspid-aortic-valves-different-phenotypes-of-the-same-disease-insight-from-the-gentac-registry
#5
Joseph M Krepp, Mary J Roman, Richard B Devereux, Adrienne Bruce, Siddharth K Prakash, Shaine A Morris, Dianna M Milewicz, Kathryn W Holmes, William Ravekes, Ralph V Shohet, Reed E Pyeritz, Cheryl L Maslen, Barbara L Kroner, Kim A Eagle, Liliana Preiss, Federico M Asch
BACKGROUND: Unicuspid aortic valve (UAV) is a rare disorder, often difficult to distinguish from bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). BAV and UAV share valve pathology such as the presence of a raphe, leaflet fusion, aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, and/or ascending aortic dilatation, but a comprehensive echocardiographic comparison of patients with UAV and BAV has not been previously performed. METHODS: We investigated UAV and BAV patients at an early stage of disease included in GenTAC, a national registry of genetically related aortic aneurysms and associated cardiac conditions...
August 14, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802635/aorta-related-and-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-with-aortic-intramural-haematoma
#6
F S Schoenhoff, C Zanchin, M Czerny, V Makaloski, B Gahl, T Carrel, J Schmidli
OBJECTIVES: The prognosis of patients with intramural haematoma (IMH) of the aorta beyond the first year after diagnosis remains largely unknown. In particular, patients that do not undergo interventions are lost to follow-up. The aim was to assess medium-term outcome in IMH patients. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of 63 consecutive patients presenting with IMH between 1999 and 2013 was performed. Patients meeting imaging criteria at the first presentation were included even if follow-up imaging showed evidence of intimal disruption or false lumen flow...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782415/no-difference-in-neck-enlargement-for-patients-treated-with-double-proximal-self-expandable-suprarenal-fixation-endografting
#7
Andrés Reyes Valdivia, Georgios Pitoulias, África Duque Santos, Martín Fabregate Fuente, Apostolos G Pitoulias, Julia Ocaña Guaita, Claudio Gandarias
INTRODUCTION: Neck enlargement is well described in patients treated with self-expandable endografts for abdominal aortic aneurysms. Double endografting (ie, overlapping of stent grafts) occurs in patients with proximal cuffs or bifurcated to monoiliacal configuration conversions. When the aortic neck of patients receives 2 suprarenal fixation endografts, it may behave differently in terms of radial force and interaction of additional suprarenal stents extending to the visceral aorta...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759898/unusual-mechanism-for-superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-after-scoliosis-surgery
#8
Daniel L Eisenson, Kalpit N Shah, Eric M Cohen, Craig P Eberson
t Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) syndrome is an uncommon condition caused by mechanical obstruction of the distal third of the duodenum between the superior mesenteric artery and the abdominal aorta. SMA syndrome is associated with both operative and non-operative corrections of scoliosis, as well as anorexia nervosa, severe weight loss, tumors, burns, and other traumas.[1-4] We report an unusual case of SMA syndrome following corrective surgery for scoliosis in which post-operative gastric distension caused duodenal compression that subsequently resolved with gastric decompression, as opposed to the conventional, reverse series of events in which SMA syndrome causes the gastric dilatation...
August 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759513/importance-of-early-detection-and-cardiovascular-surgical-intervention-in-marfan-syndrome
#9
Rita DelloStritto, Steve Branham, Christina Chemmachel, Jayna Patel, Dayna Skolkin, Salima Gilani, Klever Uleanya
Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder that affects multiple systems, including the skeletal, ligamentous, oculofacial, pulmonary, abdominal, neurological, and cardiovascular systems. Cardiovascular complications, which involve the aorta and aortic valve, contribute most significantly to patient morbidity and mortality. A literature review was conducted on pathophysiology of the disease and recommendations for early diagnosis and treatment. Diagnosis largely relies on clinical features and a thorough history...
July 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749280/attempted-surgical-correction-of-a-persistent-right-fourth-aortic-arch-in-a-juvenile-rothschild-s-giraffe-giraffa-camelopardalis-rothschildi
#10
Lynnette Waugh, Jennifer D'Agostino, Gretchen A Cole, Alicia Hahn, Mark Rochat, Mee Ja M Sula
A 5-mo-old female Rothschild's giraffe ( Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi) presented for regurgitation. Esophagoscopy at 24 wk of age revealed a markedly dilated cranial esophagus with a tight stricture at the level of the heart base consistent with a vascular ring anomaly. Surgical exploration confirmed persistent right fourth aortic arch with ductus originating from left subclavian artery at its junction with the aorta and left subclavian artery. The patent ductus arteriosus was surgically ligated. The procedure was complicated by limited surgical access and vascular friability resulting in uncontrollable hemorrhage, and the animal was euthanatized...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747077/sandwich-technique-for-endovascular-repair-of-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection
#11
Feng Gao, Qian Zeng, Fangming Lin, Xiaohu Ge
OVERVIEW: To describe a new endovascular procedure for acute type A aortic dissection (TAAD) repair. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2016, 12 patients (average age 54±9.6 years; 10 men) with acute TAAD (mean EURO score 11.4%±3.2%, range 5-17) and unfit for surgery underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) with 2 periscope grafts to preserve blood supply to supra-aortic branches plus bypass grafting as needed. If the ascending aorta was dilated to >40 mm, sternotomy was performed to wrap the ascending aorta and reduce its diameter to accommodate the aortic stent-grafts...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743241/complete-ophthalmoplegia-complete-ptosis-and-dilated-pupil-due-to-internal-carotid-artery-dissection-as-the-first-manifestation-of-takayasu-arteritis
#12
H M M T B Herath, S P Pahalagamage, D Withana, Sunethra Senanayake
BACKGROUND: Takayasu arteritis is a rare, chronic large vessel vasculitis involving the aorta and its primary branches. As the disease progresses, the active inflammation of large vessels leads to dilation, narrowing and occlusion of the arteries. Arterial dissection is due to separation of the layers of the arterial wall resulting in a false lumen, where blood seeps into the vessel wall. Neurological sequelae of intracranial arterial dissection results from cerebral ischemia due to thromboembolism and hypo perfusion...
July 25, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740836/mycotic-aneurysm-with-aortoduodenal-fistula
#13
REVIEW
Bruno Kusznir Vitturi, Amanda Frias, Raphael Sementilli, Marcelo de Castro Jorge Racy, Roberto Augusto Caffaro, Geanete Pozzan
Firstly described in the 19th century by Sir William Osler, the mycotic aneurysm (MA) is a rare entity characterized by an abnormal arterial dilation, which is potentially fatal, and is associated with the infection of the vascular wall. Elderly patients are mostly involved, especially when risk factors like chronic diseases, immunosuppression, neoplasia, and arterial manipulation are associated. The authors report the case of a young male patient diagnosed with an aortic aneurysm of infectious origin in the presence of repeated negative blood cultures...
April 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740468/evolution-of-precision-medicine-and-surgical-strategies-for-bicuspid-aortic-valve-associated-aortopathy
#14
Ali Fatehi Hassanabad, Alex J Barker, David Guzzardi, Michael Markl, Chris Malaisrie, Patrick M McCarthy, Paul W M Fedak
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a common congenital cardiac malformation affecting 1-2% of people. BAV results from fusion of two adjacent aortic valve cusps, and is associated with dilatation of the aorta, known as bicuspid valve associated aortopathy. Bicuspid valve aortopathy is progressive and associated with catastrophic clinical events, such as aortic dissection and rupture. Therefore, frequent monitoring and early intervention with prophylactic surgical resection of the proximal aorta is often recommended...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739451/rescue-of-a-failing-endovascular-infrarenal-aortic-repair-using-an-off-the-shelf-branched-endograft
#15
Gino Gemayel, Gabriel Verdon, Nicolas Murith, Christoph Huber
INTRODUCTION: Proximal aortic dilation following open and endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) is a well-known phenomenon. If severe enough it may lead to late onset of type Ia endoleak that jeopardise the proximal seal. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a patient previously treated by EVAR for an infrarenal aneurysm who developed a type Ia endoleak after proximal aortic dilation. His aneurysms enlarged to 10 cm mandating a rapid repair without the delay for a custom-made device...
July 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736842/one-stage-repair-using-a-frozen-elephant-trunk-technique-for-acute-type-a-intramural-hematoma-with-an-ulcer-like-projection-in-the-dilated-proximal-descending-aorta
#16
Shinichiro Ikeda, Sathappan Kumar, Sunil Abrol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 23, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725903/suppressive-effects-of-dietary-epa-rich-fish-oil-on-the-degradation-of-elastin-fibers-in-the-aortic-wall-in-nicotine-administered-mice
#17
Hirona Kugo, Nobuhiro Zaima, Megumi Onozato, Chie Miyamoto, Keisuke Hashimoto, Kenichi Yanagimoto, Tatsuya Moriyama
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a vascular disease involving gradual dilation of the abdominal aorta. Recent studies suggest that nicotine, which is a primary component in cigarette smoke, is closely associated with the development and rupture of an AAA. Nicotine accelerates AAA development through the weakening of the vascular wall by increasing oxidative stress and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 expression. However, little is known about preventing the AAA induced by nicotine. A non-surgical means of preventing the weakening of the vascular wall before the onset of AAA by functional food factors would be a valuable option over surgery...
August 1, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723768/detection-of-incidental-cardiac-findings-in-noncardiac-chest-computed-tomography
#18
Francesco Secchi, Giovanni Di Leo, Moreno Zanardo, Marco Alì, Paola Maria Cannaò, Francesco Sardanelli
The aim of the study was to estimate the rate of incidental cardiac findings (ICF) in patients undergoing noncardiac chest CT.An experienced radiologist retrospectively reviewed 237 consecutive patients (147 males and 90 females with median age of 69 years) undergoing a noncardiac chest CT. ICF at targeted review were compared to those mentioned in original reports (χ test).At review, ≥1 ICF was detected in 124/237 patients (52%), for a total of 229 ICF, 158 of them (69%) not originally mentioned. Valvular calcifications were unmentioned in 23/23 (100%) patients, main pulmonary artery dilation in 21/22 (96%), coronary calcifications in 69/86 (80%), right or left atrial dilation in 7/11 (64%), aortic atherosclerosis in 29/62 (47%), and ascending aorta dilatation in 8/18 (44%)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716062/the-effects-of-acute-and-elective-cardiac-surgery-on-the-anxiety-traits-of-patients-with-marfan-syndrome
#19
Kálmán Benke, Bence Ágg, Miklós Pólos, Alex Ali Sayour, Tamás Radovits, Elektra Bartha, Péter Nagy, Balázs Rákóczi, Ákos Koller, Viola Szokolai, Julianna Hedberg, Béla Merkely, Zsolt B Nagy, Zoltán Szabolcs
BACKGROUND: Marfan syndrome is a genetic disease, presenting with dysfunction of connective tissues leading to lesions in the cardiovascular and skeletal muscle system. Within these symptoms, the most typical is weakness of the connective tissue in the aorta, manifesting as aortic dilatation (aneurysm). This could, in turn, become annuloaortic ectasia, or life-threatening dissection. As a result, life-saving and preventative cardiac surgical interventions are frequent among Marfan syndrome patients...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715076/increased-plasma-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-level-is-associated-with-ascending-aorta-dilatation-a-case-control-study
#20
Muhammet Hulusi Satılmışoğlu, Vesile Örnek Diker, Ömer Taşbulak, Mustafa Diker, Ali Birand, Mehmet Kaya, Taner İyigün, Abdurrahman Eksik
BACKGROUND: Asymetric dimethyl arginin (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. AIM: We aimed to determine plasma ADMA level in patients with ascending aorta dilatation in comparison to those without aorta dilatation and to evaluate the diagnostic, predictive and prognostic value of serum ADMA level for aorta dilatation. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional case-control study. One hundred-four consecutive patients (female/male, 35/69; mean age, 62...
July 17, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
keyword
keyword
58156
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"