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citric acid cycle

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634175/interrelations-between-3-hydroxypropionate-and-propionate-metabolism-in-rat-liver-relevance-to-disorders-of-propionyl-coa-metabolism
#1
Kirkland A Wilson, Yong Han, Miaoqi Zhang, Jeremy Hess, Kimberly A Chapman, Gary W Cline, Gregory P Tochtrop, Henri Brunengraber, Guo-Fang Zhang
Propionate, 3-hydroxypropionate (3HP), methylcitrate, related compounds and ammonium accumulate in body fluids of patients with disorders of propionyl-CoA metabolism, such as propionic acidemia. Although liver transplantation alleviates hyperammonemia, high concentrations of propionate, 3HP and methylcitrate persist in body fluids. We hypothesized that conserved metabolic perturbations occurring in transplanted patients result from the simultaneous presence of propionate and 3HP in body fluids. We investigated the interrelations of propionate and 3HP metabolism in perfused livers from normal rats using metabolomic and stable isotopic technologies...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627452/engineering-of-unconventional-yeast-yarrowia-lipolytica-for-efficient-succinic-acid-production-from-glycerol-at-low-ph
#2
Zhiyong Cui, Cuijuan Gao, Jiaojiao Li, Jin Hou, Carol Sze Ki Lin, Qingsheng Qi
Yarrowia lipolytica is considered as a potential candidate for succinic acid production because of its innate ability to accumulate citric acid cycle intermediates and its tolerance to acidic pH. Previously, a succinate-production strain was obtained through the deletion of succinate dehydrogenase subunit encoding gene Ylsdh5. However, the accumulation of by-product acetate limited further improvement of succinate production. Meanwhile, additional pH adjustment procedure increased the downstream cost in industrial application...
June 13, 2017: Metabolic Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620826/individual-amino-acid-supplementation-can-improve-energy-metabolism-and-decrease-ros-production-in-neuronal-cells-overexpressing-alpha-synuclein
#3
Vedad Delic, Jeddidiah W D Griffin, Sandra Zivkovic, Yumeng Zhang, Tam-Anh Phan, Henry Gong, Dale Chaput, Christian Reynes, Vinh B Dinh, Josean Cruz, Eni Cvitkovic, Devon Placides, Ernide Frederic, Hamed Mirzaei, Stanley M Stevens, Umesh Jinwal, Daniel C Lee, Patrick C Bradshaw
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by alpha-synuclein accumulation and loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) region of the brain. Increased levels of alpha-synuclein have been shown to result in loss of mitochondrial electron transport chain complex I activity leading to increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. WT alpha-synuclein was stably overexpressed in human BE(2)-M17 neuroblastoma cells resulting in increased levels of an alpha-synuclein multimer, but no increase in alpha-synuclein monomer levels...
June 15, 2017: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612342/effect-of-glycine-nitrogen-on-lettuce-growth-under-soilless-culture-a-metabolomics-approach-to-identify-the-main-changes-occurred-in-plant-primary-and-secondary-metabolism
#4
Xiao Yang, Lei Feng, Li Zhao, Xiaosong Liu, Danial Hassani, Danfeng Huang
BACKGROUND: Lettuce is a significant source of antioxidants and bioactive compounds. Nitrate is a cardinal fertilizer in horticulture and influences vegetable yield and quality; however, the negative effects of nitrate on the biosynthesis of flavonoids require further study. It is expected that using fertilizers containing organic N could promote the synthesis of health-promoting compounds. RESULTS: Lettuces were hydroponically cultured in media containing 9 mM nitrate or 9 mM glycine for 4 weeks...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599155/effect-of-acidic-agents-on-the-wear-behavior-of-a-polymer-infiltrated-ceramic-network-picn-material
#5
Ping Yu, Zhou Xu, Dwayne D Arola, Jie Min, Peng Zhao, Shanshan Gao
Polymer infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) materials exhibit desirable properties for replacement of tooth structure. However, their durability and their integrity in various oral environments, remain relatively unknown. The primary objective of this study is to investigate the effect of acidic agents on the wear behavior of PICNs. Twenty specimens were randomly assigned to four groups and then immersed in either deionized water (control) or acidic agents (2% acetic acid, citric acid or lactic acid solutions) at 37℃ for 4 weeks...
June 2, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594267/a-plant-pathogenic-bacterium-exploits-the-tricarboxylic-acid-cycle-metabolic-pathway-of-its-insect-vector
#6
Nabil Killiny, Yasser Nehela, Faraj Hijaz, Christopher I Vincent
Huanglongbing in citrus is caused by a phloem-limited, uncultivable, gram-negative α-proteobacterium, Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas). CLas is transmitted by the phloem-sucking insect, Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Liviidae), in a persistent, circulative, and propagative manner. In this study, we investigated the metabolomic and respiration rates changes in D. citri upon infection with CLas using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas exchange analysis. The level of glycine, L-serine, L-threonine, and gamma-amino butyric acid were higher in CLas-infected D...
June 8, 2017: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574173/interaction-between-toothpaste-abrasivity-and-toothbrush-filament-stiffness-on-the-development-of-erosive-abrasive-lesions-in-vitro
#7
Frank Lippert, Mona A Arrageg, George J Eckert, Anderson T Hara
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the loss of enamel and dentin surface caused by the interaction between abrasives in toothpaste and toothbrush filament stiffness. METHODS: The study followed a 2 (high-level or low-level abrasive; silica) × 3 (filament stiffness; soft, medium or hard) × 2 (cycling time; 3 or 5 days) factorial design. Polished bovine enamel and dentin specimens (n = 8 each per group) were subjected to 5 days of erosion/abrasion cycling: erosion (5 minutes, four times daily, 0...
June 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559550/metabolic-and-transcriptional-alternations-for-defense-by-interfering-oswrky62-and-oswrky76-transcriptions-in-rice
#8
Xiaoxing Liang, Xujun Chen, Cheng Li, Jun Fan, Zejian Guo
Metabolomic and transcriptomic approaches were used to dissect the enhanced disease resistance in the plants harbouring a RNA interfering construct of OsWRKY62 and OsWRKY76 (dsOW62/76) genes. The primary metabolic pathways were activated in dsOW62/76 compared with wild-type (ZH17) plants, revealed by increased accumulation of amino acids and constituents of citric acid cycle etc. Contents of phenolic acids derived from phenylpropanoid pathway were elevated in dsOW62/76 plants. Importantly, phenolamides, conjugates of the phenolic acids with amines, were detected in large number and mostly at higher levels in dsOW62/76 compared with ZH17 plants; however, the free pools of flavonoids were mostly decreased in dsOW62/76...
May 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529330/dietary-medium-chain-saturated-fatty-acids-induce-gene-expression-of-energy-metabolism-related-pathways-in-adipose-tissue-of-abdominally-obese-subjects
#9
J C Matualatupauw, M Bohl, S Gregersen, K Hermansen, L A Afman
BACKGROUND: Dietary medium-chain saturated fatty acids (MC-SFAs) have been shown to reduce total body fat. Previously, we showed that MC-SFAs prevent body fat accumulation, despite weight gain. Here, we aim to explore potential molecular mechanisms underlying the protective effect of MC-SFAs on body fat gain. METHODS: The DairyHealth study examined the long-term effects of milk protein and milk fat with a low or high content of MC-SFA. In this 12 week, randomized, double-blind, diet intervention study, participants consumed 60 g milk protein (whey or casein) and 63 g milk fat (high MC-SFA or low MC-SFA) daily in a two by two factorial design...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527661/modulation-of-adipocyte-function-by-the-tgf-%C3%AE-family
#10
Yuhang Qiao, Shozo Tomonaga, Masashi Suenaga, Tohru Matsui, Masayuki Funaba
Members of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) family are known to regulate the commitment of mesenchymal stem cells to an adipocyte lineage and the differentiation of preadipocytes to adipocytes. However, the roles of TGF-β family members in mature adipocytes are not known. The present study explored the modulation of cell function in 3T3-L1 adipocytes treated with the TGF-β family members TGF-β1, activin A, activin B, bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 4, and BMP7. These TGF-β family members modulated the expression of some adipokines; activin A upregulated leptin expression, and activin B downregulated the expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1...
May 17, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512002/cell-surface-g-protein-coupled-receptors-for-tumor-associated-metabolites-a-direct-link-to-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Bojana Ristic, Yangzom D Bhutia, Vadivel Ganapathy
Mitochondria are the sites of pyruvate oxidation, citric acid cycle, oxidative phosphorylation, ketogenesis, and fatty acid oxidation. Attenuation of mitochondrial function is one of the most significant changes that occurs in tumor cells, directly linked to oncogenesis, angiogenesis, Warburg effect, and epigenetics. In particular, three mitochondrial enzymes are inactivated in cancer: pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH), succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA synthase-2 (HMGCS2). These enzymes are subject to regulation via acetylation/deacetylation...
May 13, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508835/beneficial-influence-of-ellagic-acid-on-biochemical-indexes-associated-with-experimentally-induced-colon-carcinogenesis
#12
Umesalma Syed, Sudhandiran Ganapasam
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the key biochemical indexes associated with 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced colon carcinogenesis and the modulatory efficacy of a dietary polyphenol, ellagic acid (EA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were chosen to study objective, and were divided into 4 groups; Group 1-control rats; Group 2-rats received EA (60 mg/kg body weight/day, orally); rats in Group 3-induced with DMH (20 mg/kg body weight) subcutaneously for 15 weeks; DMH-induced Group 4 rats were initiated with EA treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500516/nd-yag-laser-irradiation-associated-with-fluoridated-gels-containing-photo-absorbers-in-the-prevention-of-enamel-erosion
#13
Lgs Pereira, S H Joao-Souza, Sjc Bezerra, A B Borges, Acc Aranha, T Scaramucci
This study evaluated the combined effect of Nd:YAG laser irradiation and fluoridated gels containing photo absorbers against enamel erosion. Enamel specimens from bovine teeth were polished, eroded (10 min, with 1% citric acid, pH = 2.6), and randomly allocated into the experimental groups (n = 8), according to the different surface treatments: fluoridated gels (F: 9047 ppm F and F + Sn: 9047 ppm F and 3000 ppm Sn), with or without photo absorbers (E: erythrosine and MB: methylene blue), and associated or not with Nd:YAG laser irradiation (in contact; 0...
May 12, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495375/methylene-blue-stimulates-substrate-level-phosphorylation-catalysed-by-succinyl-coa-ligase-in-the-citric-acid-cycle
#14
T Komlódi, L Tretter
Methylene blue (MB), a potential neuroprotective agent, is efficient in various neurodegenerative disease models. Beneficial effects of MB have been attributed to improvements in mitochondrial functions. Substrate-level phosphorylation (SLP) results in the production of ATP independent from the ATP synthase (ATP-ase). In energetically compromised mitochondria, ATP produced by SLP can prevent the reversal of the adenine nucleotide translocase and thus the hydrolysis of glycolytic ATP. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of MB on mitochondrial SLP catalysed by succinyl-CoA ligase...
May 8, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492753/effect-of-erosion-abrasion-challenge-on-the-dentin-tubule-occlusion-using-different-desensitizing-agents
#15
Gabriela D Canali, Rodrigo N Rached, Rui F Mazur, Evelise M Souza
The aim of the study was to evaluate dentinal tubule occlusion, measuring the dentin permeability (Lp) and using different desensitizing agents before and after abrasive/erosive challenge. Dentin discs from 42 healthy human third molars were obtained. Minimum Lp was measured after a smear layer simulation using #600 SiC paper and maximum Lp after an immersion in 0.5 M EDTA. The specimens were treated with different desensitizers: two varnishes (Clinpro XT Varnish-CV, Fluor Protector-FP), a paste (Desensibilize Nano P-NP) and a gel (Oxa Gel-OG)...
March 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482902/substrates-and-oxygen-dependent-citric-acid-production-by-yarrowia-lipolytica-insights-through-transcriptome-and-fluxome-analyses
#16
Wael Sabra, Rajesh Reddy Bommareddy, Garima Maheshwari, Seraphim Papanikolaou, An-Ping Zeng
BACKGROUND: Unlike the well-studied backer yeast where catabolite repression represents a burden for mixed substrate fermentation, Yarrowia lipolytica, an oleaginous yeast, is recognized for its potential to produce single cell oils and citric acid from different feedstocks. These versatilities of Y. lipolytica with regards to substrate utilization make it an attractive host for biorefinery application. However, to develop a commercial process for the production of citric acid by Y. lipolytica, it is necessary to better understand the primary metabolism and its regulation, especially for growth on mixed substrate...
May 8, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469248/pii-protein-derived-fret-sensors-for-quantification-and-live-cell-imaging-of-2-oxoglutarate
#17
Jan Lüddecke, Liliana Francois, Philipp Spät, Björn Watzer, Tomasz Chilczuk, Gernot Poschet, Rüdiger Hell, Bernhard Radlwimmer, Karl Forchhammer
The citric acid cycle intermediate 2-oxoglutarate (2-OG, a.k.a. alpha-ketoglutarate) links the carbon and nitrogen metabolic pathways and can provide information on the metabolic status of cells. In recent years, it has become exceedingly clear that 2-OG also acts as a master regulator of diverse biologic processes in all domains of life. Consequently, there is a great demand for time-resolved data on 2-OG fluctuations that can't be adequately addressed using established methods like mass spectrometry-based metabolomics analysis...
May 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469016/developmental-roles-of-tyrosine-metabolism-enzymes-in-the-blood-sucking-insect-rhodnius-prolixus
#18
Marcos Sterkel, Pedro L Oliveira
The phenylalanine/tyrosine degradation pathway is frequently described as a catabolic pathway that funnels aromatic amino acids into citric acid cycle intermediates. Previously, we demonstrated that the accumulation of tyrosine generated during the hydrolysis of blood meal proteins in Rhodnius prolixus is potentially toxic, a harmful outcome that is prevented by the action of the first two enzymes in the tyrosine degradation pathway. In this work, we further evaluated the relevance of all other enzymes involved in phenylalanine/tyrosine metabolism in the physiology of this insect...
May 17, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462819/human-esc-ipsc-derived-hepatocyte-like-cells-achieve-zone-specific-hepatic-properties-by-modulation-of-wnt-signaling
#19
Seiji Mitani, Kazuo Takayama, Yasuhito Nagamoto, Kazuo Imagawa, Fuminori Sakurai, Masashi Tachibana, Ryo Sumazaki, Hiroyuki Mizuguchi
The function of hepatocytes largely depends on their position in the liver lobule. Although the method of differentiating hepatocytes from human pluripotent stem cells has been largely improved over the past decade, there remains no technique for generating hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) with zone-specific hepatic properties. In this study, we searched for the factors that promote acquisition of zone-specific properties of HLCs. Here, we identified that WNT7B and WNT8B secreted from hepatocytes and cholangiocytes play important roles in achieving perivenous zone-specific characteristics, such as the enhancement of glutamine secretion, citric acid cycle, cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 metabolism, and CYP1A2 induction capacities...
June 7, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452034/deciphering-biodegradable-chelant-enhanced-phytoremediation-through-microbes-and-nitrogen-transformation-in-contaminated-soils
#20
Linchuan Fang, Mengke Wang, Lin Cai, Long Cang
Biodegradable chelant-enhanced phytoremediation offers an alternative treatment technique for metal contaminated soils, but most studies to date have addressed on phytoextraction efficiency rather than comprehensive understanding of the interactions among plant, soil microbes, and biodegradable chelants. In the present study, we investigated the impacts of biodegradable chelants, including nitrilotriacetate, S,S-ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid (EDDS), and citric acid on soil microbes, nitrogen transformation, and metal removal from contaminated soils...
June 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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